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# ASME PTB-4-2013

## Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Comparison Overview* .............................................................2
4.3 Internal Design Pressure .....................................................3
Example E4.3.1 - Cylindrical Shell ...............................................3
E4.3.1 - LV Calculation* .........................................................4
4.3.2
Example E4.3.2 Conical Shell .......................................6
E4.3.2 - LV Calculation* .........................................................7
4.3.3
Example E4.3.3 - Spherical Shell .....................................9
E4.3.3 - LV Calculation* ........................................................10
Example E4.3.4 - Torispherical Head ..........................................12
E4.3.4 - LV Calculation* ........................................................13
Example E4.3.5 - Elliptical Head ..............................................15
E4.3.5 - LV Calculation* ........................................................16
Appendix : Material documentation ...............................................18

Layout
Input values:
Calculated values:
Critical values:
Estimated values:

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

1.234
1.234
1.234
1.234

or
or
or
or

1.234
1.234
1.234
1.234

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
Comparison Overview*
Equation form
Results for examples E4.3.1 to 5 acc. ASME and Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH
The LV program uses formulas for thick shells acc.ASME VIII Div.1 UG27/32
and App.1.
Equations
Conversion factor
mm2in = 0.03937
.
MPa2psi = 145.037
'Results Ex. E4.3.1 LV and ASME
Required thickness t acc. LV
t1 = mm2in*#6(1)
Required thickness tc ASME
tc1Asme = 0.8119
Difference in %
Diff1 = (t1-tc1Asme)/tc1Asme*100

## 'Results Ex. E4.3.2 LV and ASME

Required thickness acc. LV
Required thickness ASME
Difference in %

t2 = mm2in*#15(7)
tc2Asme = 1.448
Diff2 = (t2-tc2Asme)/tc2Asme*100

## 'Results Ex. E4.3.3 LV and ASME

Required thickness t acc. LV
t3 = mm2in*#25(8)
Required thickness tc ASME
tc3Asme = 3.726
Difference in %
Diff3 = (t3-tc3Asme)/tc3Asme*100

0.8119
0.8119
-0.00069

1.446
1.448
-0.1055

3.726
3.726
0.01141

## 'Results Ex. E4.3.4 LV and ASME

Allowable Pressure P acc. LV
Allowable Pressure P ASME
Difference in %

P4 = MPa2psi*#16(5)
P4Asme = 135.302
Diff4 = (P4-P4Asme)/P4Asme*100

135.3
135.3
0.002143

## 'Results Ex. E4.3.5 LV and ASME

Allowable Pressure P acc. LV
Allowable Pressure P ASME
Difference in %

P5 = MPa2psi*#16(9)
P5Asme = 442.233
Diff5 = (P5-P5Asme)/P5Asme*100

442.2
442.2
0.000181

## 'Maximum difference between LV and ASME

Dmax = Max(|Diff1|;|Diff2|;|Diff3|;|Diff4|;|Diff5|)

Value
0.03937
145

0.1055

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## 4.3 Internal Design Pressure

Example E4.3.1 - Cylindrical Shell
Determine the required thickness for a cylindrical shell considering the following design conditions. All
Category A and B joints are Type 1 butt welds and have been 100% radiographically examined.

Vessel Data:

Material

## SA-516, Grade 70, Normalized

Design Conditions

356 psig@300F

Inside Diameter

90.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

1.0

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.1 - LV Calculation*
Cylindrical shells

Design pressure
Calculation pressure
Calulation temperature

PD
DP
P0

356
0
356

psi
psi
psi

Outside diameter
Design wall thickness
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Weld joint efficiency
Material:

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0
D0
te
c1
c2
E

356
0
356
300

psi
psi
psi
F

98 in
4 in
0.125 in
0 in
1 -

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Allowable stress
Results

20000

psi

R0
t0

49
3.875

in
in

Required thickness
t(R0)
thin shell acc. UG-27
0.866 in
thick shell (not applicable)
0.8645 in
Minimum t = Min[t(R);t(R0)]
t
with allowances
t+c1+c2
Allowable excess pressure
P
Allowable excess pressure without hydr. head
MAWP

t(R)
0.8119
0.8104
20.62
0.9369
1633
1633

Effective thickness

in
in
mm
in
psi
psi

Remark:

## For calculation of openings according to UG-37:

Required thickness

t(E=1)

20.62

mm

## Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued

connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA
dA

89 mm for t 10 mm
60 mm for t > 10 mm

or:
or:

dA
dA

## 3 1/2 in for t 3/8 in

2 3/8 in for t > 3/8 in

For a vessel thickness > 2*t(E=1) the reinforcement of the vessel alone
is sufficient for unreinforced openings, unless additional conditions
acc. to UG-37 apply.

Thickness of shells under internal pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-27 & APPENDIX-1, 2013 Edition

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
P0 = 0.1*p0
R0 = D0 / 2
t+c1+c2
R = R0 - t0

=
=
=
=

2.455
1245
23.8
1245

= 0.1 *
24.55
=
2489 / 2
=
3.175 +
0
20.62 +
98.43 =
1146 = corroded inside radius

101.6

and te =

0.385*S*E =

psi

356

(R0-te) / 2 = (

1245 -

psi

7700

101.6)/2 =

571.5

P0*R

2.455 *

t(R) =

1146

S*E - 0.6*P0
S*E*t0
P(R) =

137.9 *

1 - 0.6 *

137.9 *

1 *

98.43

R + 0.6*t0

1146 + 0.6 *

20.62

2.455

11.26

98.43

P0*R0

2.455 *

t(R0) =

S*E + 0.4*P0

137.9 *

S*E*t0
P(R0) =

1 + 0.4 *

137.9 *

1 *

98.43
=

1245 - 0.4 *

356

psi

22

2.455

=
R0 - 0.4*t0

or te =

1245

11.26

98.43

> 0.385*S*E =
1245 -

7700

101.6)/2 =

psi
571.5

## with the inside radius R acc. App.1-2:

t(R) = R * ( Exp(P0/(S*E)) - 1 )
20.58 =

1146 * ( Exp(

2.455 / (

137.9 *

1) - 1 )

P(R) = S*E*Log((R+t0)/R)
11.36 =

137.9 *

1 * Log((

1146 +

98.43)/

1146))

## or with the outside radius R0 acc. App.1-2:

t(R0) = R0 * ( 1 - Exp(-P0/(S*E)) )
21.96 =

1245 * ( 1 - exp(-

2.455 / (

137.9 *

1) )

P(R0) = S*E*Log(R0/(R0-t0))
11.36 =

137.9 *

1 * Log(

1245 / (

1245 -

98.43))

Log(x) = Ln(x)

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## 4.3.2 Example E4.3.2 - Conical Shell

Determine the required thickness for a conical shell considering the following design
conditions. All Category A and B joints are Type 1 butt welds and have been 100%

Vessel Data:

Material

## SA - 516, Grade 70, Normalized

Design Conditions

150.0 in

90.0 in

## Length of Conical Section

78.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

1.0

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.2 - LV Calculation*
Conical sections with or without knuckle acc. to UG-32(g)
Design pressure
Calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

356
0
356
300

## Final wall thickness

Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Effective thickness witout allowances

te
c1
c2
t0

1.573
0
0.125
1.448

## Half-apex angle ( 30 without knuckle)

Outside diameter at the large end
Inside diameter at the large end
Outside diameter at the small end
Cone length
Weld joint efficiency factor

D0
D
Dk
L
E

21.04
153.2 in
150.1 in
94 in
76.91 in
1 -

Material:

PD
DP
P0

356
0
356

psi
psi
psi

psi
psi
psi
F
in
in
in
in

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Allowable stress

20000

psi

t
t+
P
MAWP

1.446
1.571
356.4
356.4

in
in
psi
psi

Calculation:
Required thickness
inc. allowances (te=
1.573 in
t+)
Allowable excess pressure incl. hydrost. head
Remark:
Geometrical conditions:
valid
Strength condition:
Wall thickness acceptable
For calculation of openings according to UG-37(a) in nomenclature for tr:
Design diameter according to UG-37(a):tr(b)
Required thickness

D1
t(E=1)

in
in

Dished heads and cones under internal pressure ASME VIII UG-32 and APPENDIX-1 BPVC 2013 Edition

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## Equations according to UG-32(g):

cos() = cos(

21.04 ) =

0.9333

D = D0 - 2 * t0 / cos() =

3812 =

3891 - 2 *

36.78 /

0.9333

P0*D
t =

,
2*cos()*(S*E - 0.6*P0)
2.455 *

t =

2 *

P =

3812

36.74 =
0.9333 (

2*S*E*t0*cos()

137.9 *

1 - 0.6 *

2.455 )

D + 1.2*t0*cos()
2 *
P =

137.9 *

1 *

36.78 *

0.9333

2.457 =
3812 + 1.2 *

36.78 *

0.9333

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## 4.3.3 Example E4.3.3 - Spherical Shell

Determine the required thickness for a spherical shell considering the following design conditions. All
Category A joints are Type 1 butt welds and have been 100% radiographically examined.
Vessel Data:

Material

## SA -542, TypeD, Class 4a

Design Conditions

2080 psig@850F

Inside Diameter

149.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.0 in

Allowable Stress

21000 ps

1.0

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.3 - LV Calculation*
Spherical shells

Design pressure
Calculation pressure
Calulation temperature

PD
DP
P0

2080
0
2080

psi
psi
psi

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

Outside diameter
Design wall thickness
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Weld joint efficiency
Material:

2080
0
2080
850

D0
te
c1
c2
E

psi
psi
psi
F

157 in
4 in
0 in
0 in
1 -

K31835-SA-542-D-Class:4a-Size:

Allowable stress

21000

psi

Results
Effective thickness

R0
t0

78.5
4

Required thickness
t(R0)
thin shell acc. UG-27
3.739 in
thick shell (not applicable)
3.793 in
Minimum t = Min[t(R);t(R0)]
t
with allowances
t+c1+c2
Allowable excess pressure
P
Allowable excess pressure without hydr. head
MAWP

t(R)
3.726
3.782
94.65
3.726
2231
2231

in
in

in
in
mm
in
psi
psi

Remark:

## For calculation of openings according to UG-37:

Minimum required thickness for openings

t(E=1)

94.65

mm

## Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued

connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA
dA

89 mm for t 10 mm
60 mm for t > 10 mm

or:
or:

dA
dA

## 3 1/2 in for t 3/8 in

2 3/8 in for t > 3/8 in

For a vessel thickness > 2*t(E=1) the reinforcement of the vessel alone
is sufficient for unreinforced openings, unless additional conditions
acc. to UG-37 apply.

Thickness of shells under internal pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-27 & APPENDIX-1, 2013 Edition

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

10

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations
P0 = 0.1*p0
R0 = D0 / 2
t+c1+c2
R = R0 - t0

=
=
=
=

14.34
1994
94.65
1994

= 0.1 *
143.4
=
3988 / 2
=
0 +
0
94.65 +
101.6 =
1892 = corroded inside radius

0.665*S*E =

psi

2080

and te =

psi

14110

1994-

101.6) =

673.7

94.65

P0*R

14.34 *

t(R) =

1892

=
2*S*E-0.2*P0
2*S*E*t0

2*

144.8 *

2*

P(R) =

1 -0.2*

144.8 *

1 *

14.34

101.6

R + 0.2*t0

1892 + 0.2 *

15.38

101.6

## or with outside radius R0 acc. App.1-1 Eq.(2):

P0*R0
t(R0) =

14.34 *

2*S*E+0.8*P0

2*

2*S*E*t0
P(R0) =

2*

144.8 *

1 +0.8*

144.8 *

1 *

101.6
=

2) Thick shell: Fr P0 =

1994 - 0.8 *

psi

2080

94.98

14.34

=
R0 - 0.8*t0

or te =

1994

15.38

101.6

> 0.665*S*E =

1994-

14110
101.6) =

psi
673.7

## with inside radius R acc. App.1-3:

t(R) = R * ( Exp(0.5*P0/(S*E)) - 1 )
96.07 =

1994 * ( exp(0.5*

14.34 / (

144.8 *

1) - 1 )

P(R) = 2*S*E*Log((R+t0)/R)
15.14 = 2*

144.8 *

1 * Log((

1892+

101.6)/

14.34 / (

144.8 *

1994/(

1994 -

1892)

## or with outside radius R0 acc. App.1-3:

t(R0) = R0 * ( 1 - Exp(-0.5*P0/(S*E)) )
96.34 =

1994 * ( 1 - exp(-0.5*

1) )

P(R0) = 2*S*E*Log(R0/(R0-t0))
15.14 = 2*

144.8 *

1 * Log(

101.6))

Log(x) = Ln(x)

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

11

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## Example E4.3.4 - Torispherical Head

Determine the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) for the proposed seamless
torispherical head. The Category B joint joining the head to the shell is a Type 1 butt weld and has
been 100% radiographically examined.

Vessel Data:

Material

## SA -387, Grade 11, Class 1

Design Temperature

650F

Inside Diameter

72.0 in

72.0 in

4.375 in

Thickness

0.625 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

17100 psi

1.0

## Modulus of Elasticity at Design

Temperature
Yield Strength at Design Temperature

26.55E + 06 psi

26900 psi

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

12

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.4 - LV Calculation*
Input:
Type of head (1=Kloepper-, 2=Korbbogen-, 3=Torispherical, 4=Semi-spherical, 5=Elliptical 2:1)
Torispherical
Design pressure
PD
=
136 psi
DP
=
0 psi
Calculation pressure
P0
=
136 psi
Calculation temperature

3
pD
Dp
p0
T0

136
0
136
650

## Final wall thickness

Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Effective thickness witout allowances

te
c1
c2
t0

0.625
0
0.125
0.5

## Outside diameter of cylindrical shell

Inside diameter of cylindrical shell (= D0-2t0)
Inside crown radius (= L0-t0)
Weld joint efficiency

D0
D
L0
L
r
E

73.25 in
72.25 in
72.63 in
72.13 in
4.5 in
1 -

Material:

psi
psi
psi
F
in
in
in
in

K11789-SA-387-11-Class:1-Size:

Elasticity modulus
Elastic limit
Reduce allowable*) stress for Rm20 > 485 MPa?
Tensile strength at 20C
Allowable stress:
at working temperature acc. ASME-table
at 20C
acc. UG-32(e) or App. 1-4(c)

ET
Sy
Rm20

2.660E+7 psi
26948 psi
Yes
(Yes/No)
60190 psi

ST
S20
S

17114
17100
17100

psi
psi
psi

## *) According to App. 1-4(c) the allowable stress must be reduced

to 138 * ST /S20 (=20 ksi*...) for Rm20 > 485 MPa (70 ksi)

Calculation:
Ratio
Factor

L/r
M

## Required thickness without allowance

inc. allowances (te=
0.625 in
t+)
Allowable excess pressure incl. hydrost. head

t
t+
P
MAWP

## 16.03 1.751 0.5026

0.6276
135.3
135.3

in
in
psi
psi

Geometrical conditions:
valid
Strength condition:
Final wall thickness 15,875 < 15,9403 = required thickness

Dished heads and cones under internal pressure ASME VIII UG-32 and APPENDIX-1 BPVC 2013 Edition

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

13

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## Required thickness for openings acc. to UG-37(a) in nomenclature for tr:

Using UG-32 with E=1
acc. section (a) in the crown region

t(E=1) =
t1(E=1) =

0.5026
0.287

in
in

## Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued

connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA 89 mm (3.5 in.) for t 10 mm (3/8 in.)
dA 60 mm (2 3/8 in.) for t > 10 mm (3/8 in.)
Remark:

Equations:
P0*L*M
t =

12.77 =

0.9377 *

1832 *

2*S*E-0.2*P0

2*

0.9329 =

2*S*E*t0
P =
L*M + 0.2*t0

117.9 *

2 *

1 - 0.2 *

117.9 *
1832 *

12.7

1.751 + 0.2 *

di
e

## Available reinforcement width acc. UG37:

Available reinforcement width of the crown
Diameter of the crown region
Angle of the knuckle region
Arc length of the knuckle region

b'
dka
phi
b

=
=
=
=

0.9377

1 *

## For openings in the crown region with:

Opening diameter
Distance between opening center and head center

dka
phi
b'
b

1.751

12.7

in
in

67.48
62.24
5.567

in
in

in

(2*L+te)*(D/2-r)/(L-r)
Arccos( (D/2-r)/(L-r) )
(dka-di)/2 - e
(r+te)*phi

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

14

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## Example E4.3.5 - Elliptical Head

Determine the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) for the proposed seamless 2:1 elliptical
head. The Category B joint joining the head to the shell is a Type 1 butt weld and has been 100%

Vessel Data:

Material

Design Temperature

=
=

Inside Diameter

90.0 in

Thickness

1.125 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

1.0

Temperature

=
=
=

## SA-516, Grade 70, Norm.

300F

28.3E + 06 psi
33600 psi

Determine the elliptical head diameter to height ratio, k, and adjust for corrosion allowance.

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

15

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.5 - LV Calculation*
Ellipsoidal heads acc. UG-32(d) and Appendix 1-4(f)
Design pressure
Calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

442.2
0
442.2
300

psi
psi
psi
F

## Final wall thickness

Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Effective thickness witout allowances

te
c1
c2
t0

1.125
0
0.125
1

in
in
in
in

## Outside diameter of cylindrical shell

Inside diameter of cylindrical shell (= D0-2t0)
Outer height of head (minor semi-axis)
Inside depth of head (minor semi-axis= h0-t0)
Weld joint efficiency

D0
D
h0
h
E

92.25 in
90.25 in
23.5 in
22.5 in
1 -

Material:

PD
DP
P0

442.2
0
442.2

psi
psi
psi

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Elasticity modulus
Elastic limit
Reduce allowable*) stress for Rm20 > 485 MPa?
Tensile strength at 20C
Allowable stress:
at working temperature acc. ASME-table
at 20C
acc. UG-32(e) or App. 1-4(c)

ET
Sy
Rm20
ST
S20
S

2.829E+7 psi
33668 psi
Yes
(Yes/No)
70343 psi
20015
20000
20000

psi
psi
psi

## *) According to App.1-4(c) the allowable stress must be reduced

to 138 * ST / S20 (=20 ksi*...) for Rm20 > 485 MPa (70 ksi) and K > 1

Results:
Ratio
Factor
Factor K1 acc. Table UG-37

D/2h
K
K1

Required thickness
incl. allowances (te=
1.125 in
t+)
Allowable excess pressure incl. hydrost. Head

t
t+
P
MAWP

2 1 0.9 1
1.125
442.2
442.2

in
in
psi
psi

## Required thickness for openings acc. to UG-37(a) in nomenclature for tr:

Using UG-32 with E=1
Section (c) in the centre circle < 0.8*D
Equivalent spherical diameter 2*K1*D0

t(E=1)
t1(E=1)
Dk

1
0.9
168.3

in
in
in

Geometrical conditions:
valid
Strength:
Wall thickness acceptable

Dished heads and cones under internal pressure ASME VIII UG-32 and APPENDIX-1 BPVC 2013 Edition

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

16

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ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued

connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA 89 mm (3.5 in.) for t 10 mm (3/8 in.)
dA 60 mm (2 3/8 in.) for t > 10 mm (3/8 in.)
Remark:

P0*D*K
t =
2*S*E - 0.2*P0

3.049 *

2*

2*S*E*t0
P =
K*D + 0.2*t0

137.9 *

2 *

1 - 0.2*

137.9 *

1 *

3.049

25.4

3.049 =
1 *

## Geometry of an equivalent torispherical head:

Equivalent spherical inside radius = K1*D
Knuckle inside radius acc. Table 1.4-4

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

2292 *

25.4 =

17

2292 + 0.2 *

L =
r =

81.23
15.34

25.4

in
in

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

## Appendix : Material documentation

Section no 2: Schale/UG27Section no 3: Boden/UG32
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-516
K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
Carbon steel

## Design conditions and dimensions:

Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

148,8889
101,6

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
2489,2

## Material values for test and design conditions:

Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
202
195,0667
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

## Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:

Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||138|138|138|138|136|128|101

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|67.1|33.6|12.9||||

## Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:

Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
-75|-200|-125|25|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----209|216|212|202|198|195|192|189|185|179|171|162|151|137

## Coefficient of linear expansion:

Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------7,85|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

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ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Section no 4: Schale/UG27
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-542
K31835-SA-542-D-Class:4a-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
2.25Cr-1Mo-V

## Design conditions and dimensions:

Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

454,44
101,6

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
3987,8

## Material values for test and design conditions:

Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
168,00
144,29
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
168,00
144,29
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
200
149,5062
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

## Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:

Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||168|168|168|168|165|159|153

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|145|137|||||

## Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:

Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
260|370|480|425|20|150
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------186|169|143|157|200|200

## Coefficient of linear expansion:

Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

19

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Section no 5: Boden/UG32
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-387
K11789-SA-387-11-Class:1-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
1.25Cr-0.5Mo-Si

## Design conditions and dimensions:

Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

343,33
15,88

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
1860,55

## Material values for test and design conditions:

Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
118,00
118,00
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
118,00
118,00
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
204
183,4002
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

## Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:

Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||118|118|118|118|118|118|118

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|114|74.7|36.5|17.6|8.08||

## Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:

Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
650|-75|-200|-125|25|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+----150|210|218|213|204|200|197|193|190|186|183|179|174|169|164
Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
600|700|||
------------------+------------------+------------------+------------------+-----------------157|142|||

## Coefficient of linear expansion:

Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------7,85|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

## Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

20

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Section no 6: Boden/UG32
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-516
K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
Carbon steel

## Design conditions and dimensions:

Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

148,89
28,58

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
2343,15

## Material values for test and design conditions:

Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
202
195,0666
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

## Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:

Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||138|138|138|138|136|128|101

## K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|67.1|33.6|12.9||||

## Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:

Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
-75|-200|-125|25|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----209|216|212|202|198|195|192|189|185|179|171|162|151|137

## Coefficient of linear expansion:

Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------7,85|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

21

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