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ASME PTB-4-2013

Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013


Table of contents
Table of contents ................................................................1
Comparison Overview* .............................................................2
4.3 Internal Design Pressure .....................................................3
Example E4.3.1 - Cylindrical Shell ...............................................3
E4.3.1 - LV Calculation* .........................................................4
4.3.2
Example E4.3.2 Conical Shell .......................................6
E4.3.2 - LV Calculation* .........................................................7
4.3.3
Example E4.3.3 - Spherical Shell .....................................9
E4.3.3 - LV Calculation* ........................................................10
Example E4.3.4 - Torispherical Head ..........................................12
E4.3.4 - LV Calculation* ........................................................13
Example E4.3.5 - Elliptical Head ..............................................15
E4.3.5 - LV Calculation* ........................................................16
Appendix : Material documentation ...............................................18

Layout
Input values:
Calculated values:
Critical values:
Estimated values:

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

1.234
1.234
1.234
1.234

or
or
or
or

1.234
1.234
1.234
1.234

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
Comparison Overview*
Equation form
Comments
Results for examples E4.3.1 to 5 acc. ASME and Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH
The LV program uses formulas for thick shells acc.ASME VIII Div.1 UG27/32
and App.1.
Equations
Conversion factor
mm2in = 0.03937
.
MPa2psi = 145.037
'Results Ex. E4.3.1 LV and ASME
Required thickness t acc. LV
t1 = mm2in*#6(1)
Required thickness tc ASME
tc1Asme = 0.8119
Difference in %
Diff1 = (t1-tc1Asme)/tc1Asme*100

'Results Ex. E4.3.2 LV and ASME


Required thickness acc. LV
Required thickness ASME
Difference in %

t2 = mm2in*#15(7)
tc2Asme = 1.448
Diff2 = (t2-tc2Asme)/tc2Asme*100

'Results Ex. E4.3.3 LV and ASME


Required thickness t acc. LV
t3 = mm2in*#25(8)
Required thickness tc ASME
tc3Asme = 3.726
Difference in %
Diff3 = (t3-tc3Asme)/tc3Asme*100

0.8119
0.8119
-0.00069

1.446
1.448
-0.1055

3.726
3.726
0.01141

'Results Ex. E4.3.4 LV and ASME


Allowable Pressure P acc. LV
Allowable Pressure P ASME
Difference in %

P4 = MPa2psi*#16(5)
P4Asme = 135.302
Diff4 = (P4-P4Asme)/P4Asme*100

135.3
135.3
0.002143

'Results Ex. E4.3.5 LV and ASME


Allowable Pressure P acc. LV
Allowable Pressure P ASME
Difference in %

P5 = MPa2psi*#16(9)
P5Asme = 442.233
Diff5 = (P5-P5Asme)/P5Asme*100

442.2
442.2
0.000181

'Maximum difference between LV and ASME


Dmax = Max(|Diff1|;|Diff2|;|Diff3|;|Diff4|;|Diff5|)

Value
0.03937
145

0.1055

Form for equations

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

4.3 Internal Design Pressure


Example E4.3.1 - Cylindrical Shell
Determine the required thickness for a cylindrical shell considering the following design conditions. All
Category A and B joints are Type 1 butt welds and have been 100% radiographically examined.

Vessel Data:

Material

SA-516, Grade 70, Normalized

Design Conditions

356 psig@300F

Inside Diameter

90.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

Weld Joint Efficiency

1.0

Determine the inside radius and adjust for corrosion allowance.

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.1 - LV Calculation*
Cylindrical shells

Design pressure
Hydrostatic head
Calculation pressure
Calulation temperature

PD
DP
P0

356
0
356

psi
psi
psi

Outside diameter
Design wall thickness
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Weld joint efficiency
Material:

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0
D0
te
c1
c2
E

356
0
356
300

psi
psi
psi
F

98 in
4 in
0.125 in
0 in
1 -

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Allowable stress
Results

20000

psi

R0
t0

49
3.875

in
in

Required thickness
t(R0)
thin shell acc. UG-27
0.866 in
thick shell (not applicable)
0.8645 in
Minimum t = Min[t(R);t(R0)]
t
with allowances
t+c1+c2
Allowable excess pressure
P
Allowable excess pressure without hydr. head
MAWP

t(R)
0.8119
0.8104
20.62
0.9369
1633
1633

Outside radius
Effective thickness

in
in
mm
in
psi
psi

Remark:

For calculation of openings according to UG-37:


Required thickness

t(E=1)

20.62

mm

Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued


connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA
dA

89 mm for t 10 mm
60 mm for t > 10 mm

or:
or:

dA
dA

3 1/2 in for t 3/8 in


2 3/8 in for t > 3/8 in

For a vessel thickness > 2*t(E=1) the reinforcement of the vessel alone
is sufficient for unreinforced openings, unless additional conditions
acc. to UG-37 apply.

Thickness of shells under internal pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-27 & APPENDIX-1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations:
P0 = 0.1*p0
R0 = D0 / 2
t+c1+c2
R = R0 - t0

=
=
=
=

2.455
1245
23.8
1245

= 0.1 *
24.55
=
2489 / 2
=
3.175 +
0
20.62 +
98.43 =
1146 = corroded inside radius

1) Thin shell: For P0 =


101.6

and te =

0.385*S*E =

psi

356

(R0-te) / 2 = (

1245 -

psi

7700

101.6)/2 =

571.5

acc. UG-27 Eq.(1) with the inside radius R:


P0*R

2.455 *

t(R) =

1146

S*E - 0.6*P0
S*E*t0
P(R) =

137.9 *

1 - 0.6 *

137.9 *

1 *

98.43

R + 0.6*t0

1146 + 0.6 *

20.62

2.455

11.26

98.43

or with the outside radius R0 acc. App.1-1 Eq.(1):


P0*R0

2.455 *

t(R0) =

S*E + 0.4*P0

137.9 *

S*E*t0
P(R0) =

1 + 0.4 *

137.9 *

1 *

98.43
=

2) Thick shell: For P0 =

1245 - 0.4 *

356

psi

101.6 > (R0-te) / 2 = (

22

2.455

=
R0 - 0.4*t0

or te =

1245

11.26

98.43

> 0.385*S*E =
1245 -

7700

101.6)/2 =

psi
571.5

with the inside radius R acc. App.1-2:


t(R) = R * ( Exp(P0/(S*E)) - 1 )
20.58 =

1146 * ( Exp(

2.455 / (

137.9 *

1) - 1 )

P(R) = S*E*Log((R+t0)/R)
11.36 =

137.9 *

1 * Log((

1146 +

98.43)/

1146))

or with the outside radius R0 acc. App.1-2:


t(R0) = R0 * ( 1 - Exp(-P0/(S*E)) )
21.96 =

1245 * ( 1 - exp(-

2.455 / (

137.9 *

1) )

P(R0) = S*E*Log(R0/(R0-t0))
11.36 =

137.9 *

1 * Log(

1245 / (

1245 -

98.43))

Log(x) = Ln(x)

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

4.3.2 Example E4.3.2 - Conical Shell


Determine the required thickness for a conical shell considering the following design
conditions. All Category A and B joints are Type 1 butt welds and have been 100%
radiographically examined.

Vessel Data:

Material

SA - 516, Grade 70, Normalized

Design Conditions

356 psig @300F

Inside Diameter (Large End) =

150.0 in

Inside Diameter (Small End) =

90.0 in

Length of Conical Section

78.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

Weld Joint Efficiency

1.0

Adjust for corrosion allowance and determine the cone angle.

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.2 - LV Calculation*
Conical sections with or without knuckle acc. to UG-32(g)
Design pressure
Hydrostatic head
Calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

356
0
356
300

Final wall thickness


Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Effective thickness witout allowances

te
c1
c2
t0

1.573
0
0.125
1.448

Half-apex angle ( 30 without knuckle)


Outside diameter at the large end
Inside diameter at the large end
Outside diameter at the small end
Cone length
Weld joint efficiency factor

D0
D
Dk
L
E

21.04
153.2 in
150.1 in
94 in
76.91 in
1 -

Material:

PD
DP
P0

356
0
356

psi
psi
psi

psi
psi
psi
F
in
in
in
in

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Allowable stress

20000

psi

t
t+
P
MAWP

1.446
1.571
356.4
356.4

in
in
psi
psi

Calculation:
Required thickness
inc. allowances (te=
1.573 in
t+)
Allowable excess pressure incl. hydrost. head
without hydrostatic head
Remark:
Geometrical conditions:
valid
Strength condition:
Wall thickness acceptable
For calculation of openings according to UG-37(a) in nomenclature for tr:
Design diameter according to UG-37(a):tr(b)
Required thickness

D1
t(E=1)

in
in

Dished heads and cones under internal pressure ASME VIII UG-32 and APPENDIX-1 BPVC 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations according to UG-32(g):


cos() = cos(

21.04 ) =

0.9333

D = D0 - 2 * t0 / cos() =

3812 =

3891 - 2 *

36.78 /

0.9333

P0*D
t =

,
2*cos()*(S*E - 0.6*P0)
2.455 *

t =

2 *

P =

3812

36.74 =
0.9333 (

2*S*E*t0*cos()

137.9 *

1 - 0.6 *

2.455 )

D + 1.2*t0*cos()
2 *
P =

137.9 *

1 *

36.78 *

0.9333

2.457 =
3812 + 1.2 *

36.78 *

0.9333

Rem.: App.1-5(d) or (e) indicates if a reinforcement ring is required.

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

4.3.3 Example E4.3.3 - Spherical Shell


Determine the required thickness for a spherical shell considering the following design conditions. All
Category A joints are Type 1 butt welds and have been 100% radiographically examined.
Vessel Data:

Material

SA -542, TypeD, Class 4a

Design Conditions

2080 psig@850F

Inside Diameter

149.0 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.0 in

Allowable Stress

21000 ps

Weld Joint Efficiency

1.0

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.3 - LV Calculation*
Spherical shells

Design pressure
Hydrostatic head
Calculation pressure
Calulation temperature

PD
DP
P0

2080
0
2080

psi
psi
psi

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

Outside diameter
Design wall thickness
Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Weld joint efficiency
Material:

2080
0
2080
850

D0
te
c1
c2
E

psi
psi
psi
F

157 in
4 in
0 in
0 in
1 -

K31835-SA-542-D-Class:4a-Size:

Allowable stress

21000

psi

Results
Outside radius
Effective thickness

R0
t0

78.5
4

Required thickness
t(R0)
thin shell acc. UG-27
3.739 in
thick shell (not applicable)
3.793 in
Minimum t = Min[t(R);t(R0)]
t
with allowances
t+c1+c2
Allowable excess pressure
P
Allowable excess pressure without hydr. head
MAWP

t(R)
3.726
3.782
94.65
3.726
2231
2231

in
in

in
in
mm
in
psi
psi

Remark:

For calculation of openings according to UG-37:


Minimum required thickness for openings

t(E=1)

94.65

mm

Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued


connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA
dA

89 mm for t 10 mm
60 mm for t > 10 mm

or:
or:

dA
dA

3 1/2 in for t 3/8 in


2 3/8 in for t > 3/8 in

For a vessel thickness > 2*t(E=1) the reinforcement of the vessel alone
is sufficient for unreinforced openings, unless additional conditions
acc. to UG-37 apply.

Thickness of shells under internal pressure ASME BPVC VIII UG-27 & APPENDIX-1, 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

10

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Equations
P0 = 0.1*p0
R0 = D0 / 2
t+c1+c2
R = R0 - t0

=
=
=
=

14.34
1994
94.65
1994

= 0.1 *
143.4
=
3988 / 2
=
0 +
0
94.65 +
101.6 =
1892 = corroded inside radius

1) Thin shell: For P0 =

0.665*S*E =

psi

2080

101.6 0.356*(R0-te) = 0.356*(

and te =

psi

14110

1994-

101.6) =

673.7

94.65

acc. UG-27 Eq.(3) with the inside radius R:


P0*R

14.34 *

t(R) =

1892

=
2*S*E-0.2*P0
2*S*E*t0

2*

144.8 *

2*

P(R) =

1 -0.2*

144.8 *

1 *

14.34

101.6

R + 0.2*t0

1892 + 0.2 *

15.38

101.6

or with outside radius R0 acc. App.1-1 Eq.(2):


P0*R0
t(R0) =

14.34 *

2*S*E+0.8*P0

2*

2*S*E*t0
P(R0) =

2*

144.8 *

1 +0.8*

144.8 *

1 *

101.6
=

2) Thick shell: Fr P0 =

1994 - 0.8 *

psi

2080

94.98

14.34

=
R0 - 0.8*t0

or te =

1994

15.38

101.6

> 0.665*S*E =

101.6 > 0.356*(R0-te) = 0.356*(

1994-

14110
101.6) =

psi
673.7

with inside radius R acc. App.1-3:


t(R) = R * ( Exp(0.5*P0/(S*E)) - 1 )
96.07 =

1994 * ( exp(0.5*

14.34 / (

144.8 *

1) - 1 )

P(R) = 2*S*E*Log((R+t0)/R)
15.14 = 2*

144.8 *

1 * Log((

1892+

101.6)/

14.34 / (

144.8 *

1994/(

1994 -

1892)

or with outside radius R0 acc. App.1-3:


t(R0) = R0 * ( 1 - Exp(-0.5*P0/(S*E)) )
96.34 =

1994 * ( 1 - exp(-0.5*

1) )

P(R0) = 2*S*E*Log(R0/(R0-t0))
15.14 = 2*

144.8 *

1 * Log(

101.6))

Log(x) = Ln(x)

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

11

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Example E4.3.4 - Torispherical Head


Determine the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) for the proposed seamless
torispherical head. The Category B joint joining the head to the shell is a Type 1 butt weld and has
been 100% radiographically examined.

Vessel Data:

Material

SA -387, Grade 11, Class 1

Design Temperature

650F

Inside Diameter

72.0 in

Crown Radius

72.0 in

Knuckle Radius

4.375 in

Thickness

0.625 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

17100 psi

Weld Joint Efficiency

1.0

Modulus of Elasticity at Design


Temperature
Yield Strength at Design Temperature

26.55E + 06 psi

26900 psi

Adjust for corrosion allowance

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

12

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.4 - LV Calculation*
Input:
Type of head (1=Kloepper-, 2=Korbbogen-, 3=Torispherical, 4=Semi-spherical, 5=Elliptical 2:1)
Torispherical
Design pressure
PD
=
136 psi
Hydrostatic head
DP
=
0 psi
Calculation pressure
P0
=
136 psi
Calculation temperature

3
pD
Dp
p0
T0

136
0
136
650

Final wall thickness


Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Effective thickness witout allowances

te
c1
c2
t0

0.625
0
0.125
0.5

Outside diameter of cylindrical shell


Inside diameter of cylindrical shell (= D0-2t0)
Outside crown radius
Inside crown radius (= L0-t0)
Knuckle radius
Weld joint efficiency

D0
D
L0
L
r
E

73.25 in
72.25 in
72.63 in
72.13 in
4.5 in
1 -

Material:

psi
psi
psi
F
in
in
in
in

K11789-SA-387-11-Class:1-Size:

Elasticity modulus
Elastic limit
Reduce allowable*) stress for Rm20 > 485 MPa?
Tensile strength at 20C
Allowable stress:
at working temperature acc. ASME-table
at 20C
acc. UG-32(e) or App. 1-4(c)

ET
Sy
Rm20

2.660E+7 psi
26948 psi
Yes
(Yes/No)
60190 psi

ST
S20
S

17114
17100
17100

psi
psi
psi

*) According to App. 1-4(c) the allowable stress must be reduced


to 138 * ST /S20 (=20 ksi*...) for Rm20 > 485 MPa (70 ksi)

Calculation:
Ratio
Factor

L/r
M

Required thickness without allowance


inc. allowances (te=
0.625 in
t+)
Allowable excess pressure incl. hydrost. head
without hydrostatic head

t
t+
P
MAWP

16.03 1.751 0.5026


0.6276
135.3
135.3

in
in
psi
psi

Geometrical conditions:
valid
Strength condition:
Final wall thickness 15,875 < 15,9403 = required thickness

Dished heads and cones under internal pressure ASME VIII UG-32 and APPENDIX-1 BPVC 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

13

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Required thickness for openings acc. to UG-37(a) in nomenclature for tr:


Using UG-32 with E=1
acc. section (a) in the crown region

t(E=1) =
t1(E=1) =

0.5026
0.287

in
in

Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued


connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA 89 mm (3.5 in.) for t 10 mm (3/8 in.)
dA 60 mm (2 3/8 in.) for t > 10 mm (3/8 in.)
Remark:

Equations:
P0*L*M
t =

12.77 =

0.9377 *

1832 *

2*S*E-0.2*P0

2*

0.9329 =

2*S*E*t0
P =
L*M + 0.2*t0

117.9 *

2 *

1 - 0.2 *

117.9 *
1832 *

12.7

1.751 + 0.2 *

di
e

Available reinforcement width acc. UG37:


Available reinforcement width of the crown
Diameter of the crown region
Angle of the knuckle region
Arc length of the knuckle region

b'
dka
phi
b

=
=
=
=

0.9377

1 *

For openings in the crown region with:


Opening diameter
Distance between opening center and head center

dka
phi
b'
b

1.751

12.7

in
in

67.48
62.24
5.567

in
in

in

(2*L+te)*(D/2-r)/(L-r)
Arccos( (D/2-r)/(L-r) )
(dka-di)/2 - e
(r+te)*phi

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14

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Example E4.3.5 - Elliptical Head


Determine the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) for the proposed seamless 2:1 elliptical
head. The Category B joint joining the head to the shell is a Type 1 butt weld and has been 100%
radiographically examined.

Vessel Data:

Material

Design Temperature

=
=

Inside Diameter

90.0 in

Thickness

1.125 in

Corrosion Allowance

0.125 in

Allowable Stress

20000 psi

Weld Joint Efficiency

1.0

Modulus of Elasticity at Design


Temperature

=
=
=

Yield Strength at Design Temperature

SA-516, Grade 70, Norm.


300F

28.3E + 06 psi
33600 psi

Determine the elliptical head diameter to height ratio, k, and adjust for corrosion allowance.

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

15

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013
E4.3.5 - LV Calculation*
Ellipsoidal heads acc. UG-32(d) and Appendix 1-4(f)
Design pressure
Hydrostatic head
Calculation pressure
Calculation temperature

= pD
= Dp
= p0
T0

442.2
0
442.2
300

psi
psi
psi
F

Final wall thickness


Wall thickness allowance
Allowance (corrosion)
Effective thickness witout allowances

te
c1
c2
t0

1.125
0
0.125
1

in
in
in
in

Outside diameter of cylindrical shell


Inside diameter of cylindrical shell (= D0-2t0)
Outer height of head (minor semi-axis)
Inside depth of head (minor semi-axis= h0-t0)
Weld joint efficiency

D0
D
h0
h
E

92.25 in
90.25 in
23.5 in
22.5 in
1 -

Material:

PD
DP
P0

442.2
0
442.2

psi
psi
psi

K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Elasticity modulus
Elastic limit
Reduce allowable*) stress for Rm20 > 485 MPa?
Tensile strength at 20C
Allowable stress:
at working temperature acc. ASME-table
at 20C
acc. UG-32(e) or App. 1-4(c)

ET
Sy
Rm20
ST
S20
S

2.829E+7 psi
33668 psi
Yes
(Yes/No)
70343 psi
20015
20000
20000

psi
psi
psi

*) According to App.1-4(c) the allowable stress must be reduced


to 138 * ST / S20 (=20 ksi*...) for Rm20 > 485 MPa (70 ksi) and K > 1

Results:
Ratio
Factor
Factor K1 acc. Table UG-37

D/2h
K
K1

Required thickness
incl. allowances (te=
1.125 in
t+)
Allowable excess pressure incl. hydrost. Head
without hydrostatic head

t
t+
P
MAWP

2 1 0.9 1
1.125
442.2
442.2

in
in
psi
psi

Required thickness for openings acc. to UG-37(a) in nomenclature for tr:


Using UG-32 with E=1
Section (c) in the centre circle < 0.8*D
Equivalent spherical diameter 2*K1*D0

t(E=1)
t1(E=1)
Dk

1
0.9
168.3

in
in
in

Geometrical conditions:
valid
Strength:
Wall thickness acceptable

Dished heads and cones under internal pressure ASME VIII UG-32 and APPENDIX-1 BPVC 2013 Edition

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

16

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Allowable unreinforced opening diameter dA for welded, brazed, and flued


connections acc. UG 36(c)3:
dA 89 mm (3.5 in.) for t 10 mm (3/8 in.)
dA 60 mm (2 3/8 in.) for t > 10 mm (3/8 in.)
Remark:

Equations according to UG-32:


P0*D*K
t =
2*S*E - 0.2*P0

3.049 *

2*

2*S*E*t0
P =
K*D + 0.2*t0

137.9 *

2 *

1 - 0.2*

137.9 *

1 *

3.049

25.4

3.049 =
1 *

Geometry of an equivalent torispherical head:


Equivalent spherical inside radius = K1*D
Knuckle inside radius acc. Table 1.4-4

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

2292 *

25.4 =

17

2292 + 0.2 *

L =
r =

81.23
15.34

25.4

in
in

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Appendix : Material documentation


Section no 2: Schale/UG27Section no 3: Boden/UG32
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-516
K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
Carbon steel

Design conditions and dimensions:


Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

148,8889
101,6

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
2489,2

Material values for test and design conditions:


Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
202
195,0667
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:


Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||138|138|138|138|136|128|101

K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|67.1|33.6|12.9||||

Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:


Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
-75|-200|-125|25|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----209|216|212|202|198|195|192|189|185|179|171|162|151|137

Coefficient of linear expansion:


Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------7,85|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

18

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Section no 4: Schale/UG27
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-542
K31835-SA-542-D-Class:4a-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
2.25Cr-1Mo-V

Design conditions and dimensions:


Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

454,44
101,6

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
3987,8

Material values for test and design conditions:


Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
168,00
144,29
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
168,00
144,29
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
200
149,5062
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:


Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||168|168|168|168|165|159|153

K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|145|137|||||

Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:


Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
260|370|480|425|20|150
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------186|169|143|157|200|200

Coefficient of linear expansion:


Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

19

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Section no 5: Boden/UG32
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-387
K11789-SA-387-11-Class:1-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
1.25Cr-0.5Mo-Si

Design conditions and dimensions:


Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

343,33
15,88

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
1860,55

Material values for test and design conditions:


Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
118,00
118,00
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
118,00
118,00
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
204
183,4002
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:


Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||118|118|118|118|118|118|118

K-values as function of the temperature


Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|114|74.7|36.5|17.6|8.08||

Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:


Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
650|-75|-200|-125|25|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+----150|210|218|213|204|200|197|193|190|186|183|179|174|169|164
Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
600|700|||
------------------+------------------+------------------+------------------+-----------------157|142|||

Coefficient of linear expansion:


Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------7,85|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

20

27-Feb-2014

ASME PTB-4-2013
Example E4.3.1 - E4.3.5 BPVC VIII-1 2013

Section no 6: Boden/UG32
Material specification:
Regulation:
Material code:

ASMET1A:2010Spec. No.:
SA-516
K02700-SA-516-70-Class:-Size:

Product:
Short name:

Plate
Carbon steel

Design conditions and dimensions:


Temperature [C]:
Thickness [mm]:

148,89
28,58

Pressure [bar]:
Outside diameter [mm]:

30,49
2343,15

Material values for test and design conditions:


Test condition
Operating condition
---------------------------------------Nominal design strength [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Safety factor:
1,00
1,00
Allowable stress [N/mm]:
138,00
138,00
Modulus of elasticity [kN/mm]:
202
195,0666
Creep rupture strength for 100000 h [MPa]:

Tensile strength and yield stress at ambient temperature:


Diam./|Tensile str.||ReH|Rupture|Rupture
Thick.|Rm min|Rm max||elong.|elong
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|lngs %|quer %
---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+--------------|||||

K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./||||||||
Thickn.|50C|100C|150C|200C|250C|300C|350C|400C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--------||138|138|138|138|136|128|101

K-values as function of the temperature

Diam./|||||||
Thickn.|450C|500C|550C|600C|650C|700C|800C
<= mm|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa|MPa
-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+----------|67.1|33.6|12.9||||

Modulus of elasticity in dependence of the temperature:


Static modulus of elasticity in [kN/mm] at the temperature of
-75|-200|-125|25|100|150|200|250|300|350|400|450|500|550
------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------+-----209|216|212|202|198|195|192|189|185|179|171|162|151|137

Coefficient of linear expansion:


Thermal coefficient of expansion between 20C and
Density|100C|200C|300C|400C|500C|600C|700C|800C|Heat|Heat
(20 C)|||||||||cond.|capac.
kg/dm|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|10E-6/K|W/Km|J/kgK
-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+------7,85|12,1|12,7|13,3|13,8|14,4|-|-|-||

Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH

21

27-Feb-2014