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ANSYS/LS-DYNA LS-PREPOST


1.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA.

.
LS-DYNA

2013

2
531/534:004.4(075.8)(076.1) + 539.3:004.4(075.8)(076.1)

- ( 7 18.06.2013 .)
:
. . , . .
:
. ., . .-. , ,

. ., . . ,

.
. ANSYS/LS-DYNA
LS-PREPOST [ ] :
. .-. .
1-31 03 02 ( ). 3 . . 1. ANSYS/LS-DYNA.

. LSDYNA / . . , . . . . . :
, 2013. 161 . : . .: . 158159. . . .
001918062013. . 18.06.2013.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA,
LS-DYNA
ANSYS.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
.

ANSYS/LS-DYNA ANSYS.
LS-DYNA Expliit ,
.
.
.
CAD-FEM GmbH
ANSYS 10 ED
.


- LS-DYNA,
LSTC. ANSYS/LS-DYNA,
LS-DYNA
ANSYS.
LS-DYNA (ANSYS/LS-DYNA) .

. ,
(-),
.
, LS-DYNA
,
( ,
, , , , ,
). LS-DYNA
:
, , , ,
, , ,
.
,
ANSYS.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA ANSYS.
LS-DYNA Expliit,
, LS-DYNA Solver
ANSYS/LS-DYNA LSDYNA (LS-PREPOST). ,
,
LS-DYNA.
.
. ,
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
LS-PREPOST.

.

4
ANSYS/LS-DYNA.


ANSYS/LS-DYNA
ANSYS.
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
, , .
, ,
, ,
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
ANSYS. ,
.
,
ANSYS/LS-DYNA.

,

ANSYS/LS-DYNA,
..
ANSYS. ,
LS-DYNA Explicit,
, , ,
ANSYS .
! LS-DYNA Explicit,
, ANSYS/LSDYNA ANSYS (h-Method).
,
ANSYS,
.

(component)
-
. , ..
, , .
(component) Component Manager:
Utility Menu> Select> Component Manager

5

Component Manager ( 1). :

Create Component
( 1).
Create Component ( 2)
, .
:
1. Volumes -
;
2. Areas -
;
3. Lines -
;
4. Keypoints -
;
5. Elements -
;
6. Nodes ( )
.
,
(
Pick Entities).
!
(component).
OK.
c Reselect

, (component).
OK.
Component Manager.

1. Component Manager

2. Create Component
! (component) ANSYS
ANSYS/LS-DYNA .
(part) (assembly)
. ,
Component Manager.
LS-DYNA
ANSYS

-
,
,
.
!


:
Utility Menu> File> Clear & Start New

Clear Database and Start New,
OK. Yes Verify
( 3).

3. Verify
.

,
. , ,
:
/UNITS, Label
! ANSYS
.
.

.
1.

,
.
, ,
.
1. ,

,
. .

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Keypoints> In Active CS

8

( NPT)
( X Y).
! .

Tab :
1- (0;-0.05) ( 4).

4. 1-
Apply, ..
2- (0.01;-0.05).
Apply, ..
3- (0.01;-0.04).
Apply.
4- (0.01;-0.035).
Apply.
5- (0.005;-0.035).
Apply.
6- (0.005;-0.005).
Apply.
7- (0.0025;0).
OK, ..
( 5).

/PREP7
K,1,0,-0.05
K,2,0.01,-0.05

9
K,3,0.01,-0.04
K,4,0.01,-0.035
K,5,0.005,-0.035
K,6,0.005,-0.005
K,7,0.0025,0
! Z , ..
( ).
1.

5.
2.
,
. ,
,
.

10
16
, .

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Reflect> Keypoints

Reflect Keypoints. :
(1-6),
( 6).

6.
OK Apply
.
Reflect Keypoints ( 7),

( X-Z),
IMOVE , (
Copied).

11

7. Reflect Keypoints
OK Apply ( 8).

KSYMM,Y,1,6,1,0,1,0
!
.
: Utility Menu> PlotCtrl> Pan Zoom Rotate

.
2

8. ,

12

3.
-,
,
, .
.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Lines> Lines> Straight Line

Create Straight Line.
( ) ,
:
1 2.
.
2 3.
5 6, 13 12, 10 9, 9 8,
8 1. .
OK ( 9).

LSTR,1,2
LSTR,2,3
LSTR,5,6
LSTR,13,12
LSTR,10,9
LSTR,9,8
LSTR,8,1

13
3.

9.
4.
3 5
4, 12 10
11. 0.005.

Main Menu>
Preprocessor>
By End KPs & Rad

Modeling>

Create>

Lines>

Arcs>


Arc by End KPs & Rad. :
3 ( ) 5
( ).
OK.
4 ( ).
OK.
Arc by End KPs & Radius,
( RAD), 0.005
( 10).

14

10. Arc by KPs & Radius


Apply, ..
.

, 12 10 (
11) 0.005 ( 11).

LARC,3,5,4,0.005
LARC,12,10,11,0.005
4

11.

15
5.
6, 13 7.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Lines> Arcs> Through 3 KPs

Arcs Thru 3 KPs. :
6 ( ), 13
( ) 7 ( ).
OK ( 12).

LARC,6,13,7
5

12.
6.
, ,
( ).

16

4, 7 11.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Delete> Keypoints

Delete Keypoints. :
, .
OK.

KDELE,4
KDELE,7
KDELE,11
!
KDELE,ALL.

7.
-, ,

, .
( ) .

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Areas> Arbitrary> By Lines

Create Area By Lines,
, .
OK Apply
.

17

AL,All
8. Y
,
(X > 0,
Y > 0).

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Move / Modify> Areas> Areas

Move Areas,
, .
Move Areas
( Y) (0.05),
( 13).
OK Apply
.
!

Utility Menu> Plot> Replot /REPLOT

13. Move Areas

18

AGEN,,All,,,,0.05,,,1,1
8

14.
9. ,

!

.


Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Lines> Normal to Line

Line Normal to Line, :
L7 (,
).
5 ( 14).
OK.

19

LANG,7,5,90
10.


( 15):
Utility Menu> Plot> Lines

LPLOT
!
LPLOT,All.
10

15. , ,

20
11.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Operate> Extrude> Keypoints> Along
Lines
:
c Sweep KPs along Lines
6, 13, 12;
OK;

9 4 5 ( 15);
OK ( 16).

LDRAG,6,13,12,,,,12
11

16.

21
12.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Operate> Booleans> Divide> Area by Line
:
c Divide Area by Line
;
OK;

( 16);
OK.

ASBL,1,12,,DELETE,KEEP
ASBL,3,13,,DELETE,KEEP
ASBL,4,15,,DELETE,KEEP
ASBL,3,14,,DELETE,KEEP
13. db-
Utelity Menu> File> Save as

Save DataBase.
:
c
Drivers: , :
Directories: ,
(, C:\example1\).
)
(, example1.db)
Save DataBase to, .
OK ( 17).

22
1

17. 1

2.
1.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Keypoints> In Active CS

( NPT)
( X, Y Z).
1- (0;0;0).
Apply, ..
2- (0.4;-0.05;0).
Apply, ..
3- (0;0.04;0).
Apply.
4- (0;0;0.08) ( 18).

23

/PREP7
K,1,0,0,0
K,2,0.4,-0.05,0
K,3,0,0.04,0
K,4,0,0,0.08

18.
2.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Reflect> Keypoints

Reflect Keypoints. :
(2),
( 19).

24

19.
OK .
Reflect Keypoints ( 20),

( Y-Z)
IMOVE , (
Copied).
OK Apply ( 21).

20. Reflect Keypoints

25

KSYMM,X,2,,,0,1,0
! 5
.
: Utility Menu> PlotCtrl> Pan Zoom Rotate
Fit View

21.
3.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Lines> Lines> Straight Line

Create Straight Line.
( ) ,
:
1 3.
.
1 4.
.
OK.

26

LSTR,1,3
LSTR,1,4
4.
2 5
1.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Lines> Arcs> Through 3 KPs

Through 3 KPs. :
5 ( ) 2
( ) 1 ( 22).

LARC,5,2,1,
4

22.

27
5.

Main Menu> Preprocessor>
Line into N Lns

Modeling>

Operate>

Booleans>

Divide>


Div Line into N Lines. :
.
OK.
Div Line into N Lines OK, ..
NDIV 2 ( 23).

23. Div Line into N Lines

LDIV,3,,,2,0
6.

Utility Menu> PlotCtrl> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

LINE;

KP;
OK .

28

/PNUM,KP,0
/PNUM,LINE,1
7.


( 24):
Utility Menu> Plot> Lines

LPLOT
!
LPLOT, All
7

24. 2

29
8.
, ,
( , L3).

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Delete> Lines and Below

Delete Lines. :
L3, .
OK ( 25).

LDELE,3
!

, Fit View

8

25.

30
9. L4
, ,
(, 5) , -
.

Main Menu> Preprocessor>
Line into N Lns

Modeling>

Operate>

Booleans>

Divide>


Div Line into N Lines. :
L4 ( 26).
OK.
Div Line into N Lines NDIV
5 OK.

26. Divide Line into N Lines

LDIV,4,,,5,0
10.

Isometric View
.
Utility Menu> PlotCtrl>
Pan Zoom Rotate . Pan-Zoom-Rotate
Iso ( 27).

31

27.

11.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Operate> Extrude> Lines> Along Lines

Sweep Lines along Lines,
L1, .
OK Apply
.
Sweep Lines along Lines
L2,
.
OK ( 28).

ADRAG,1,,,,,,2

32

28.

12.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Operate> Extrude> Areas> Along Lines

Sweep Areas along Lines,
A1, .
.
OK Apply
.
Sweep Areas along Lines
L4, L3, L5, L6, L7,
.
OK ( 29).

33

VDRAG,1,,,,,,4,3,5,6,7

29.

13. (component) L50


Utility Menu> Select> Component Manager

Component Manager ( 1). :

Create Component
( 1).
Create Component ( 2)
Lines, ,
(

Pick Entities),
(component) ( LINE_50).
OK.

34
L50
( 29) OK Reselect lines.
Component Manager.
! ,
Component Manager ,

.
14.

Utility Menu> PlotCtrl> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :


VOLU;

LINE;
OK .

/PNUM,LINE,0
/PNUM,VOLUME,1
15.


( 30):
Utility Menu> Plot> Volume

VPLOT

35

30.

16. (component)

Utility Menu> Select> Component Manager



Component Manager. :

Create Component
.
Create Component
Volumes, ,
(
Pick Entities),
(component) (
VOLUME_4).
OK.
V4
( 30) OK Reselect volumes.
Component Manager.

36
17.


Utility Menu> PlotCtrl> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

AREA;

VOLU;
OK .

/PNUM,VOLUME,0
/PNUM,AREA,1
18.


:
Utility Menu> Plot> Areas

APLOT
19.

31)

Left View

. Utility Menu>
PlotCtrl> Pan Zoom Rotate . Pan-Zoom-Rotate
Left.

37

31.
20. (component) A1
Utility Menu> Select> Component Manager

Component Manager. :

Create Component
.
Create Component Areas,
,
(
Pick Entities),
(component) (
AREA_1).
OK.
A1
OK Reselect areas.
Component Manager.

38
21. db-
Utility Menu> File> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example2\),
, 1 ,
, (,
example2.db) Save DataBase to.
3.

,

. , ,

- .
,
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
. , LS-PREPOST
.
1. ,

,
.
.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Keypoints> In Active CS

( NPT)
( X Y).
1- (0;0),
.

39
Apply, ..
2- (0.05;0).
Apply.
3- (0;0.002).
Apply.
4- (0;0.005).
Apply.
5- (0;0.015).
Apply.
6- (0;0.04).
Apply.
7- (0.0015;0.04).
Apply.
8- (0.0025;0.04).
Apply.
9- (0.002;0.035).
Apply.
10- (0.003;0.035).
Apply.
11- (0;0.016).
OK, ..
( 32).

/PREP7
K,1
K,2,0.05
K,3,,0.002
K,4,,0.005
K,5,,0.015
K,6,,0.04
K,7,0.0015,0.04

40
K,8,0.0025,0.04
K,9,0.002,0.035
K,10,0.003,0.035
K,11,,0.016
1.

32.
2.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Lines> Lines> Straight Line

Create Straight Line.
( ) ,
:
1 2.
.
! , ..
.

41
, 1 3, 3 4, 5 11, 11 6,
6 7, 7 8. .
OK ( 33).

LSTR,1,2
LSTR,1,3
LSTR,3,4
LSTR,5,11
LSTR,11,6
LSTR,6,7
LSTR,7,8
2

33.

42
3.
5, 10, 8
11, 9, 7.

Main Menu>
Preprocessor>
Spline thru KPs

Modeling>

Create>

Lines>

Splines>

BSpline. :
5 ( ),
10 8 ( ).
Apply, ..
.
11 (
), 9 7 ( ).
OK ( 34).

BSPLIN,5,10,8
BSPLIN,11,9,7
3

34.

43
4.

Utility Menu> PlotCtrls> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

LINE Line numbers.
OK.

/PNUM,LINE,1
5.

Utility Menu> Plot> Lines

( 35).

LPLOT,ALL

35.

44
6.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Operate> Booleans> Divide> Line
into N Lns
:
Div Line into N Lines
L1 ( 36).
OK.
NDIV Div Line into N Lines ,
4 .
OK ( 37).

LDIV,1,,,4,0

36. Divide Line into N Lines


6

37.

45

7.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Operate> Booleans> Add> Lines
:
Add Lines
L10, L11, L12, .
OK.
Add Lines ( 38)
, , ..
Deleted KEEP Existing lines will be.
OK ( 39).

LSEL,S,LINE,,10,12,1,0
LCOMB,ALL,,0
LSEL,ALL
/REPLOT

38. Add Lines

46

39. 6
8. ,

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Areas> Arbitrary> By Lines

Create Area By Lines,
L5, L6, L9, ,
.
Apply .
L4, L7, L8, L9,
,
.
OK
( 40).

AL,5,6,9
AL,4,7,8,9

47

40. 7
9.


Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modelling> Operate> Extrude> Lines> Along Lines
:
Sweep Lines along Lines
L2 L3,
.
OK.
Sweep Lines along Lines
L1 L10,
.
OK.
!

Utility Menu> Plot> Replot.

48

ADRAG,2,3,,,,,1,10
10.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modelling> Delete> Line and Below

Delete Line and Below Pick All.

!
, ,

Proceed ( 41).

41.

LDELE,ALL

11.

Utility Menu> Plot> Areas

( 42).

49

APLOT

12. db-
Utility Menu> File> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example3\),
( 42), 1
, ,
(, example3.db) Save DataBase to.
3

42.

50
4.
,
. ,
,
. , ,
Result Viewer ANSYS/LS-DYNA
LS-PREPOST.

.
1.

Main Menu> Preprocessor>
By Dimentions

Modeling>

Create>

Volumes>

Cone>

Create Cone by Dimentions ( 43):


RBOT 1 ().
RTOP 0.3 ().
Z1, Z2 Z-coordinates 0
( ), 1 ().
THETA1 .
THETA2 90 ().
OK ( 44).

43. Create Cone by Dimentions

51

/PREP7
CONE,1,0.3,0,1,0,90
1.

44.

2.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Delete> Volumes Only

Delete Volumes Only. Pick All.

VDELE

52
3.

Utility Menu> PlotCtrls> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

AREA Area numbers.
OK.

/PNUM,AREA,1
4.

Utility Menu> Plot> Areas

APLOT
4

45.

53

5. , A3

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Delete> Area and Below

Delete Area and Below. :
Box ( 46).

( 47).
Unpick ( 48).
! ()
A3.
3 ( 49)
Enter .
OK Delete Area and Below ( 50).

46. Delete Area and Below


Box

47.

54

48. Unpick

49. Delete Area and Below




ADELE,1,2,1,1
ADELE,4,5,1,1
/REPLOT
5

50.

55
6.

Utility Menu> PlotCtrl> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :


LINE;

AREA;
OK .

/PNUM,AREA,0
/PNUM,LINE,1

7.

Utility Menu> Plot> Lines

( 51).

LPLOT

56
7

51.

8. (component)
Utility Menu> Select> Component Manager

Component Manager. :

Create Component

Component Manager.
Create Component Lines,
,
(
Pick Entities),
(component) (
LINE_3).
OK.
L3
( 51) OK Reselect lines.

57

Create Component

Component Manager.

(component) ( LINE_4).
OK.
L4
( 51) OK Reselect lines.

Create Component

Component Manager.

(component) ( LINE_7).
OK.
L7
( 51) OK Reselect lines.

Create Component

Component Manager.

(component) ( LINE_8).
OK.
L8
( 51) OK Reselect lines.
Component Manager.

9. db-
Utelity Menu> File> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example4\),
, 1 ,
, (,
example4.db) Save DataBase to.

58
5.
,
. ,
. ,
-, ..
,
,
.
1.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Create> Volumes> Prism> Triangular
Triangular Prism
, ( 1),
OK ( 52).
! ,
Triangular Prism.
1. Triangle Prism

WP X

WP Y

Radius

10

Theta

90

Depth

10

59

/PREP7
RPR4,3,,,10,90,10
!
,
.
1.

52.

2. , ,

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Delete> Volumes Only

Delete Volumes Only. Pick All.

60

VDELE

3. ,

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Modeling> Delete> Areas Only

Delete Areas Only. Pick All.

ADELE

4.

Utility Menu> PlotCtrls> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

KP Keypoint numbers.

LINE Line numbers.
OK.

/PNUM,KP,1
/PNUM,LINE,1

61
5.

Utility Menu> Plot> Lines

LPLOT

6.

Isometric View
( 53)
Utility Menu> PlotCtrl>
Pan Zoom Rotate . Pan-Zoom-Rotate
Iso.

53.

62
7. db-
Utelity Menu> File> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example5\),
, 1 ,
, (,
example5.db) Save DataBase to.

63
LSDYNA
LS-DYNA Explicit
:

ANSYS

Main Menu> Preferences



Preferences for GUI Filtering ( 54),
LS-DYNA Explicit Discipline options
OK.
!
.

54.

,
.
:
LS-DYNA Explicit
( .)
. (
.)

.
- .
! .

64

ANSYS / LS-DYNA.
LS-DYNA Explicit ,
ANSYS. , ANSYS
, BEAM161. :
, ,
.

, ,
,

, .

, .

, ,
:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type> Add/ Edit/ Delete
Element Types
( 55).

55. Element Types

65

Defined Element Types ,


.
:
, ;
.
,
NONE DEFINED.
,
:
Add...
.
Options
.
.
.
Delete ,
.
Close .
Help .
Add
Library of Element Types, (
56).

56.
Library of Element Types
LS-DYNA Explicit. ,
. , ,

66
( ),
, (, .).

Real Constants
, ,
, :
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Real Constants
Real Constants.
Real Constants ,
.
( 57):
, ;
.
,
NONE DEFINED.

57. Real Constants


,
:
Add...
.

67
Element Type for ( 58),

( Defined Element Types)
, .
OK.
, ,
OK.

58. Element Type for


Edit
.
Element Type for ( 58)

Add.
Delete ,
.
Close .
Help .
LS-DYNA Explicit
3D Mass 166
MASS166
. ,
. MASS166
.

.
.

Options Element Types.

68
,
.

.
!
,
.
3D Link 160
LINK160
.
, , ..
.
Real Constants.

.
.
, .. .
: ,
-
.
Link 167
LINK167
.
.
.
(Cable Discrete Element Properties).
,
(DENS), (EX)
,
(, ).

.
!
.

69

Sprng-Dampr 165
COMBI165
, -
, .
( ).
! ,
. ,
, ( ,
)
.

(LS-DYNA> Discrete Element Properties): (Spring> Linear Elastic), -
(Spring>
Elastoplastic),

(Spring>
Nonlinear Elastic),
-

(Spring>
Maxwell Viscosity), (Spring> Inelastic)
(Damper> Linear Viscosity) (Damper>
Nonlinear Viscosity).

.
3D Beam 161
BEAM161 .
LINK160, -,
.
BEAM161 :
.
.
: ,
, -,
,
- .

70

,
,
. ANSYS / LS-DYNA
,

. ( 59 67).

59.

60.

! : d
; w ; tf ; tw
.

61. W-

62. C-

71

63.

64. -

65.
66. Z-

72

67.


ANSYS / LS-Dyna
,
I ( 1), J ( 2), , K,
S ( 68). ,
() s t (s = {-1, 0, 1}, t = {-1, 0, 1}),

( 68).

68.

73
Real Constant Set Number 1
:
SHRF - ( 1.0
5/6).
, Rectangular Arbitrary:
TS1 - s 1 (I).
TS2 - s 2 (J).
TT1 - t 1 (I).
TT2 - t 2 (J).
, Tubular:
DS1 - 1 (I).
DS2 - 2 (J).
DT1 - 1 (I).
DT2 - 2 (J).
,
Hughes-Liu:
NSLOC -
s ( ):
1. 1 (s = 1);
2. 0 ;
3. -1 (s = -1);
NTLOC -
t. ( ):
1. 1 (t = 1);
2. 0 ;
3. -1 (t = -1);
Real Constant Set Number 1 :
NIP - ;
A - ;
W ;
D ;
RA = A/(W D) - ;
ICST - :
1. W- ();
2. C- ( );
3. ;
4. T-;
5. ;

74
6. Z-;
7. ;
ISS - s-;
ITT - t-;
IRR - ;
SA - ;
TF - ;
TW - ;
Hughes-Liu:
SREF s , s.
,

s ;
TREF t .

.
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type>
Add/ Edit/ Delete.
Element Types ( 55).
Add .
Library of Element Types 3D Beam 161.
OK.
Options .
BEAM161 element type options
:
1.

Element Formulation Options.

Hughes-Liu

.
2. Qadrature Rule to be used. -
2x2 Gauss (def).
3. Int.Rule arbitry section (1-9999).
.
Cross section type

75
Rectangular ( ) Tubular
( ).
> 0,
Arbitrary ( ).
OK BEAM161 element type options.
Element Types Close.
Main Menu> Preprocessor>
Real Constants.
Real Constants ( 57).
Add .
( )
BEAM161. OK.
Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161
(
). OK.
Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161
SHRF, TS1, TS2, TT1, TT2 (
SHRF, DS1, DS2, DT1, DT2),
NSLOC NTLOC (. ,
).
OK.
! BEAM161 element type options
Int.Rule arbitrary section (1-9999) 0,
OK
Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161 .
Int.Rule arbitrary section (1-9999)
BEAM161 element type options (..
Arbitrary ),
Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161 (
69),
No. of int. pts NIP
Relative Area RA.
Std. Section type
,
Non-Stndard(def) OK.

76

69. Real Constant Set Number


,

Real Constant
Set
Number 1, for BEAM161,
OK.
( NonStndard(def) No. of int. pts NIP
Relative Area RA), ,
: t-
T(i), s-
S(i) WF(i), i
( 70, 71) OK.

70. Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161


Non-Stndard

77

71. 10 ,
S(i) T(i) Z
2D Solid 162
PLANE162
(
) ( 72).
,
.
.

,
.
, .

X-Y, Y- .

(X > 0, Y > 0).

72. PLANE162

78


PLANE162 element type options Axisymmetric.

: (Plane Stress)
(Plane Strain Z=0).
0Z,
X0Y () ,
.
( ) 0Z,
X0Y ,
.
PLANE162
:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type>
Add/ Edit/ Delete.
Element Types ( 55).
Add .
Library of Element Types 2D Solid 162.
OK.
Options .

PLANE162 element type options


(
73)
:
1. Stress/Strain Options.
Plane stress.
Plane Strain Z=0 Axisymmetric.
2. Material Continuum.
Lagrangian.
OK PLANE162 element type options.
Element Types Close.
! PLANE162 .

79

73. PLANE162 element type options


3D Solid 164
SOLID164
, .
: , , (
74).

.
,
, , , . ,
,
.
SOLID164
:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type>
Add/ Edit/ Delete.
Element Types.
Add .
Library of Element Types 3D Solid 164.
OK.
Options .

80

SOLID164 element type options


(
75)
:
1. Solid Element Formulation.
Const.Strss(def).
2. Material Continuum.
Lagrangian.
! Lagrangian
.
OK SOLID164 element type options.
Element Types Close.
! ,
. SOLID164 .

74.
SOLID164

75. SOLID164 element type options


3D Tet-Solid 168
3D Tet-Solid 168 SOLID168
,

81
.
, ( 76).

.
,
, , , .
,
.
!
3D Tet-Solid 168
SOLID164.

76. SOLID168

Thin Shell 163


SHELL163
.
,
.
,
, , , . ,
,
.

82

77. Shell163

Thin Shell 163
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type>
Add/ Edit/ Delete.
Element Types ( 55).
Add .
Library of Element Types Thin Shell 163.
OK.
Options .
Shell163 element type options ( 78)
:
1.

Shell163 element type options.


Element Formulation Belychko(def).


Quadrature Rule
Gauss (1-5 Pts) (
). Trapezoidal
5, 100.

2. Layered Composite Mode.
Non-Composite. ,
.
3. Integration rule ID.
0.
Quadrature Rule Trapezoidal
Composite,
Integration rule ID
.
OK Shell163 element type options.
Element Types Close.

83

78. SHELL163 element type options

Element Formulation Shell163 element type options


Hughes-Liu
Element Formulation
.

.
Belytschko(def)
.
, ..
- Hughes-Liu.
BCIZ Triangular
Kirchhoff.
.

84
C0 Triangular MindlinReissner.
Belytschko-Membr
( ).
! , S/R Hughes-Liu,
S/R co-rotational, Belytschko-Levtn, Full Integr Membr, Belytschko-Wong,
Fast Hughes-Liu, Full Intgr Shell,
.
1, 2, 6-12
( ) Explicit-to-Implicit. 10 12
().

SHELL163, , ,

Element Formulation

Belytschko-Tsay.

Thin Shell 163

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Real Constants.


Real Constants (
57). :
Add .
Element Type for (
) Shell163. OK.
Real Constant Set Number 1, for Shell163
(
). OK.
Real Constant Set Number 1, for Shell163
SHRF, NIP, T1, T2, T3, T4:
1. SHRF - . 5/6,
( ) 1.
2. NIP ( ,
0, 2),
,
, NIP
.
3. T1 - I ( 77).

85
4. T2 - J ( 77).
5. T3 - K ( 77).
6. T4 - L ( 77).
OK.
Real Constants Close.

Shell163 element type options ( 78)


:
. Element Formulation
(. ).
Quadrature Rule
Gauss (1-5 Pts) ( ). Trapezoidal
5, 100.

Composite

Layered Composite Mode.



Integration rule ID.
OK Shell163 element type options.
Element Types Close.
Real Constant Set Number 1, for Shell163
SHRF, NIP, T1, T2, T3, T4:
SHRF - . 5/6,
( ) 1.
NIP ,
, NIP (
Shell163 element type options, . ).
T1
I ( 79).
T2 -
J ( 79).
T3 -
K ( 79).
T4 -
L ( 79).
OK.

86

79. Shell163
Real Constant Set Number 1, for THIN SHELL163
( 80)
:
1. S(i)
i.
2. WF(i), ..
,
.
3. ID
MAT(i).
Real Constants lose.

80. Real Constant Set Number 1, for Shell163

87

.


Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Bulk Viscosity

, .

( , ).
Bulk Viscosity
(
81),

Quadratic Viscosity Coefficient ( 1.5)


Linear Viscosity Coefficient ( 0.06).
OK.

81. Bulk Viscosity



Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Damping

Damping Options for LS-DYNA Explicit ( 82),
(part)
PART number,
Curve ID. :

88
0 - ,
System Damping Constant.
N (N > 0) - (
System Damping Constant

).

f f = -d(t)m v, d(t)
, , m , v
- .
OK.

82. Damping Options for LS-DYNA Explicit


Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Hourglass Ctrls> Global



Hourglass Controls ( 83),
Set Hourglass Coefficient to (0.1).
0.15
.

83. Hourglass Controls

89

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Hourglass Ctrls> Local



Define Hourglass Material Properties ( 84),
(Material Reference Number),
(VAL1 Hourglass control type),
6 :
0, 1 - LS-DYNA ( ).
2 - Flanagan-Belytschko.
3 - Flanagan-Belytschko
.
4 - Flanagan-Belytschko.
5 - Flanagan-Belytschko
.
! ,
1-3 4, 5 .
, Define Hourglass Material Properties
:

VAL2 Hourglass coefficient.


0.1, 0.15
.

VAL3 Quadratic bulk viscosity coefficient


1.5.

VAL4 Linear bulk viscosity coefficient 0.06.



VAL5 Hourglass coefficient for shell bending

VAL2.

VAL6 Hourglass coefficient for shell warping
VAL2.
OK.

90

84. Define Hourglass Material Properties



Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Local CS> Create Local CS
Main Menu> Preprocessor>
Local CS> Create Local CS

LS-DYNA Options>

Constraints>

Apply>

Main Menu> Solution> Constraints> Apply> Local CS> Create Local CS



Create Local CS at Specified Location ( 85), :

CID Coordinate system ID Number.


X1, Y1, Z1 X, Y, Z
X-.
X2, Y2, Z2 X, Y, Z
XY .
X3, Y3, Z3 X, Y, Z
( X3 = 0, Y3 = 0, Z3 = 0).
OK.
!
.

91

85. Create Local CS at Specified Location



Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Local CS> List
Main Menu> Preprocessor>
Local CS> List

LS-DYNA Options>

Constraints>

Apply>

Main Menu> Solution> Constraints> Apply> Local CS> List



List Local CS ( 86), CID Coordinate system ID
Number ,
, ALL (
)
. OK.
EDLS Command ( 87),
.

86. List Local CS

92

87. EDLS Command


Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Local CS> Delete
Main Menu> Preprocessor>
Local CS> Delete

LS-DYNA Options>

Constraints>

Apply>

Main Menu> Solution> Constraints> Apply> Local CS> Delete



Delete Local CS
(
88),

CID Coordinate system ID Number

, ,
ALL,
. OK.

88. Delete Local CS

93



:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Material Models

Define Material Model Behavior ( 89),

, .

89. Define Material Model Behavior


Material Models Defined Material Models Available
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
ANSYS. , ,
, ..
, Material Models Available
ANSYS/LS-DYNA ANSYS.
Favourites Material Models Available
Linear Static. LS-DYNA
,
.

,
, .

94
!
ANSYS / LS-DYNA.

LS-DYNA> Linear Material Models Available


-
()
(EX),
/ -
(NUXY),
(GXY),
: EX/(2(1+NUXY)).
(DENS).
, -

Material Models Available:


LS-DYNA> Linear> Elastic> Isotropic

Linear Isotropic Properties for Materi ( 90),


DENS, EX, NUXY ,
, .
OK
Cancel.

90.

95



(EX, EY, EZ),

/
(NUXY, NUYZ, NUXZ),

(GXY, GYZ GXZ),


(Coord ID).
(DENS).
,
,
Material Models Available:
LS-DYNA> Linear> Elastic> Orthotropic

Linear Orthotropic Properties for Mate ( 91),


.
OK
Cancel.
, .

91.

96

ANSYS
6 x 6. ()
-.
21 ,
(DENS) (Coord ID).
,
,
Material Models Available:
LS-DYNA> Linear> Elastic> Anisotropic

Anisotropic Elasticity for Mate ( 92),


.
OK
Cancel.
,
.

92.

97


Material Models Available:

LS-DYNA> Linear> Elastic> Fluid

Elastic Fluid Properties for Materi ( 93),


(DENS) (Bulk Modulus),
(EX)
(NUXY). (Bulk Modulus)
.

93. Elastic Fluid Properties for Materi

LS-DYNA> Nonlinear
Material Models Available

,

( ), ,
,
. , ,
.
,

98
, ,
,
, .. .

Material Models Available> LS-DYNA> Nonlinear> Elastic> Hyperelasticity



.
-
! Bilinear Kinematic LS-DYNA.
k- Plastic Kinematic,
.

.
.
!

,
.
(
EX, NUXY).
(Yield Stress),
,
(Tangent Modulus), , .
, , ,
.
(DENS).
Material Models Available:
LS-DYNA> Nonlinear> Inelastic> Kinematic Hardening> Bilinear Kinematic

Bilinear Kinematic Hardening for Mat . ( 94).

99

94. Bilinear Kinematic Hardening for Mat


Plastic Kinematic
, .

Cowper-Symonds.
. ,

.
Material Models Available:
LS-DYNA> Nonlinear> Inelastic> Kinematic Hardening> Plastic Kinematic

Plastic Kinematic Hardening for Mate .

(DENS), (EX),
(NUXY), (Yield Stress),

(Tangent Modulus),

(Hardning Parm), Cowper-Symonds


( Strain Rate (c) Strain Rate (P)),
(Failure Strain).
! Hardning Parm
0 1.
( ), (
).

100
-
ANSYS / LS-DYNA ANSYS
!
( )
. ANSYS/LSDYNA ,
.
- ANSYS
ANSYS/LS-DYNA . ,
ANSYS,
ANSYS/LS-DYNA.
( 2).
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
,
MeshTool ( : Main Menu> Preprocessor>
Meshing> MeshTool).
2. ANSYS ANSYS/LS-DYNA
ANSYS
ANSYS/LS-DYNA
1.
ANSYS

2.
ANSYS

3.
ANSYS


4.
ANSYS
5.
ANSYS

6.

ANSYS
7.

ANSYS/LS-DYNA:

1. -


;
2.

101

8.
9.
10.


,
,
,
, , ,
,
.

ANSYS

ANSYS
ANSYS/LS-DYNA:

1.

;
2. Beam Tool

;
3.

! ANSYS ANSYS/LS-DYNA (
)
, ..

ANSYS
.


LS-DYNA
-
: MeshTool,
,
. , , ,
. .

102

:
, (
) .
.

.

.

.
-
: MeshTool
.
. .
1.

1. db-
Utelity Menu> File> Resume from

Resume DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example1\),
,
(, example1.db)
Resume DataBase From, .
2. LS-DYNA Expliit
Main Menu> Preferences
Preferences for GUI Filtering.

LS-DYNA Expliit
( 54).
OK Apply .

103
3.
,
. :
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type> Add/Edit/Delete

95. Elements Types


Element Types (
95) None Defined, ,

. :
Add .
Library of Elements Types ( 96)
LS-DYNA Explicit (..
) 2D Solid 162.

96. LS-DYNA Explicit Library of Elements


2D Solid 162

104
OK Library of Elements Types.
Options Element Types.
Stress/Strain options
PLANE162 element type options ( 97),
Axisymmetric, .. ,
.
OK PLANE162 element type options.
Volume weighted, ,
. OK
PLANE162 weighting option ( 98).
Close Element Type ( 95).

97. PLANE162 element type options

98. PLANE162 weighting option

105
4. Plastic
Kinematic

:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Material Models
Define Material Model Behavior,

.
3.

(/3)

7865

()

2E11

0.27

()

3.10E8

()

7.63E8

() (-1)

40.0

()

5.0

0.75

Material Models Available ( 99):

LS-DYNA> Nonlinear> Inelastic> Kinematic Hardning> Plastic Kinematic

106

99. Plastic Kinematic

Plastic Kinemaic Properties for Mat ( 100). :


( 3).
OK.
!

Material Models Defined

Define Material Model Behavior>

Plastic Kinematic

Define Material Model Behavior.

100.

107
5.


.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( , )
Element Attributes
MeshTool ( 101):
Areas
Element Attributes
MeshTool ( 101).
Set.
Area Attributes Pick All.
Area Attributes OK.
Close MeshTool.

101. MeshTool

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh Attributes> All Areas
Area Attributes OK.

AATT,1,0,1,0

108
6.

, ,
, .
.
.

Utility Menu> PlotCtrls> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

LINE;

KP;
OK
( 102).
!

Utility Menu> Plot> Replot

/PNUM,KP,0
/PNUM,LINE,1
/REPLOT

109
6

102. 1
7.

( Meshtool, LESIZE)
.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( )
MeshTool:
Set Lines
MeshTool ( 103).
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L3, L4.

110

103. MeshTool

104. Element Size on Picked Lines


OK Apply.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
, 10
.

111

105. Element Sizes on Picked Lines


Apply Element Sizes on Picked Lines (
105), ..
.
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L10.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 15


.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L5.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 8


.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L1, L11, L6, L18.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 4


.
OK Element Sizes on Picked Lines.

112
Close MeshTool.

Main Menu>
Preprocessor>
ManualSize> Lines> Picked Lines

Meshing>

Size Ctrls>

:
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L3, L4.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
, 10
.
Apply Element Sizes on Picked Lines (
105), ..
.
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L10.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 15


.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L5.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 8


.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L1, L11 L6, L18.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 4


.
OK.

113

LESIZE,3,,,10
LESIZE,4,,,10
LESIZE,5,,,8
LESIZE,10,,,15
LESIZE,1,,,4
LESIZE,11,,,4
LESIZE,6,,,4
LESIZE,18,,,4
8.
5
, 4 .
,
.

.
!
MeshTool.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Concatenate> Lines
:
Concatenate Lines L1,
L11 ( 102),
.
Apply.

114
Concatenate Lines L6,
L18 ( 102),
.
OK.

LCCAT,1,11
LCCAT,6,18

9. 4

MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> MeshTool

() MeshTool:
Area ..
.
, Quad ,

.
, Mapped
.
3 or 4 sided
(
106).
Mesh.
Mesh Areas ,

Pick All.
Close MeshTool.

115

106. MeshTool



:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh> Areas> Mapped> 3 or 4 sided

Mesh Areas. Pick All.
10. db-
Utelity Menu> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example1\),
( 107), . ,
(example1.db)
Save DataBase to Yes ( No)
.

116
1

107.
1

117
2.

1. db-
Utility Menu> File> Resume from

Resume DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example2\),
,
(, example2.db)
Resume DataBase From, .

2. LS-DYNA Expliit
Main Menu> Preferences
Preferences for GUI Filtering.
LS-DYNA Expliit.
OK Apply .

3.
,
. :
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type> Add/Edit/Delete
Element Types
None Defined, ,
. :
Add .
Library of Elements Types
LS-DYNA Explicit 3D Solid 164 ( 108).
OK Library of Elements Types.
Close Element Type ( 95).

118

108. LS-DYNA Explicit Library of Elements


3D Solid 164

4.


:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Material Models
Define Material Model Behavior,

.
4.

(/3)

7865

()

2E11

0.27

Material Models Available ( 109):


LS-DYNA> Linear> Elastic> Isotropic

119

109. Isotropic

Linear Isotropic Properties for Mat ( 110). :


( 4).
OK.
!

Material Models Defined

Define Material Model Behavior>

Linear Isotropic,

Define Material Model Behavior.

110.

120
5.


Utility Menu> PlotCtrl> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

LINE;

Area;
OK .

/PNUM,AREA,0
/PNUM,LINE,1
6.

Utility Menu> Plot> Lines

LPLOT
7.
( 111)
Isometric View

Utility Menu>
PlotCtrl> Pan Zoom Rotate . Pan-Zoom-Rotate
Iso.

121

111.

8.


.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( , )
Element Attributes
MeshTool ( 101):
Volumes
Element Attributes
MeshTool.
Set.
Volume Attributes Pick All.
Volume Attributes OK.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh Attributes> All Volumes

122
:
Volume Attributes Pick All.
Volume Attributes OK.

VATT,1,0,1,0
9.
-

( Meshtool, LESIZE)
.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( )
MeshTool:
Set Lines
MeshTool ( 103).
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L13, L21, L29, L37, L45.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
( 105) , 10
.
Apply Element Sizes on Picked Lines (
105), ..
.
Element Size on Picked
L10.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 12


.
Apply.

123
Element Size on Picked
L8.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 3


.
OK.

Main Menu>
Preprocessor>
ManualSize> Lines> Picked Lines

Meshing>

Size Cntrls>

:
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L13, L21, L29, L37, L45.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
( 105) , 10
.
Apply Element Sizes on Picked Lines (
105), ..
.
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L10.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 12


.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L8.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 3


.
OK.

124

LESIZE,13,,,10
LESIZE,21,,,10
LESIZE,29,,,10
LESIZE,37,,,10
LESIZE,45,,,10
LESIZE,10,,,12
LESIZE,8,,,3
10.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> MeshTool

() MeshTool ( 106):
Volumes
.. .
Shape , Hex
,
.
, Mapped.
Mesh.
Mesh Volumes
Pick All.


:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh> Volumes> Mapped> 4 or 6 sided

125

Mesh Volumes. Pick All.
11. db-
Utility Menu> File> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example2\),
( 112), . ,
(example2.db)
Save DataBase to Yes ( No)
.
1

112.
2

126
3.


1. db-
Utelity Menu> File> Resume from

Resume DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example3\),
,
(, example3.db)
Resume DataBase From, .

113. 1
2. LS-DYNA Expliit
Main Menu> Preferences
Preferences for GUI Filtering.
LS-DYNA Expliit.
OK .

127
3.
,
. :
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type> Add/Edit/Delete
Element Types (
95) None Defined, ,

. :
1. Add .
2. Library of Elements Types ( 96)
LS-DYNA Explicit
2D Solid 162.
3. OK Library of Elements Types.
4. Options Element Types.
5. Stress/Strain options

PLANE162 element type options


( 97) Axisymmetric, ..
, .
6. OK PLANE162 element type options.
7. Volume weighted, ,
.
OK PLANE162 weighting option ( 98).
8. Close Element Type ( 95).
4.

,
,

( 5), -
( 6). ()
, ()
( 6).
! (
) Plastic Kinematic Explicit Dynamics
Material Model Descriptions.
5.

128

(/3)

4000

()

4.9E11

0.3

6.

(/3)

8330

7865

2720

()

1.4E11

2E11

7.6E10

0.35

0.27

0.34

()

9.0E7

3.10E8

1.5E8

()

2.92E8

7.63E8

2.5E7

40.0

40.0

40.0

, ()

5.0

5.0

5.0

0.54

0.75

0.65

() (-1)


Material Models Available ( 114, 115, 6):
LS-DYNA> Linear> Elastic> Isotropic

129
( )
Define Material Model Behavior> Material>
New Model ( 116). Define Material ID
OK, .. 2 .

114. Isotropic

115. Isotropic

116.
Define Material Model Behavior

130
( 2)
Plastic Kinematic.
Material Models Available:
LS-DYNA> Nonlinear> Inelastic> Kinematic Hardning> Plastic Kinematic

Plastic Kinemaic Properties for Mat . :


( 6).
OK.

Define Material Model Behavior>


Material Models Defined Material Model Number 2
Plastic Kinematic, .

Define Material Model Behavior>
Material> New Model . Define Material ID
OK, .. 3 .
Plastic Kinematic
.
!
Plastic Kinematic 4,
( 6).
Define Material Model Behavior.

5.


Utility Menu> PlotCtrls> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

AREA Area numbers.

LINE Line numbers.
OK ( 117).

131

/PNUM,LINE,0
/PNUM,AREA,1
/REPLOT

117.

6.

.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( , )
Element Attributes
MeshTool ( 101):

132
Areas
Element Attributes
MeshTool ( 101).
Set.
Area Attributes
A1.
OK.
Area Attributes ( 118)
Apply.

118. Area Attributes


Area Attributes
A2.
OK.
Area Attributes ( 118)
MAT Material number
2.
Apply.
Area Attributes
A4, A6.
OK.
Area Attributes ( 118)
MAT Material number
3.
Apply.

133
Area Attributes
A3, A5.
OK.
Area Attributes ( 118)
MAT Material number
4.
OK.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh Attributes> Picked Areas
:
Area Attributes
A1.
Area Attributes ( 118)
Apply.
Area Attributes
A2.
OK.
Area Attributes ( 118)
MAT Material number
2.
Apply.
Area Attributes
A4, A6.
OK.
Area Attributes ( 118)
MAT Material number
3.
Apply.
Area Attributes
A3, A5.
OK.
Area Attributes ( 118)
MAT Material number
4.
OK.

134

ASEL,S,AREA,,1
AATT,1,0,1,0,0
ASEL,S,AREA,,2
AATT,2,0,1,0,0
ASEL,S,AREA,,4
AATT,3,0,1,0,0
ASEL,S,AREA,,6
AATT,3,0,1,0,0
ASEL,S,AREA,,3
AATT,4,0,1,0,0
ASEL,S,AREA,,5
AATT,4,0,1,0,0
ASEL,ALL
7.


Utility Menu> PlotCtrls> Numbering

Plot Numbering Controls. :

AREA Area numbers.

LINE Line numbers.
OK ( 119).

135

/PNUM,LINE,1
/PNUM,AREA,0
/REPLOT

119.

8.

( Meshtool, LESIZE)
-
.

136
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( )
MeshTool:
Set Lines
MeshTool
( 103).
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L6, L7.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
, (>2)
( 105).
Apply Element Sizes on Picked Lines, ..

- .
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L3.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element
Sizes on Picked Lines , 6
.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L2.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element
Sizes on Picked Lines , 4
.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L12.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element
Sizes on Picked Lines , 20
.

137
OK.

Main Menu>
Preprocessor>
ManualSize> Lines> Picked Lines

Meshing>

Size Cntrls>

:
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L6, L7.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
, (>2)
.
Apply Element Sizes on Picked Lines, ..

.
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
L3.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element
Sizes on Picked Lines , 6
.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L2.
OK Apply.

NDIV

Element Sizes on Picked Lines , 4


.
Apply.
Element Size on Picked
L12.
OK Apply.
NDIV Element
Sizes on Picked Lines , 20
.
OK.

138

LESIZE,6,,,4
LESIZE,7,,,4
LESIZE,3,,,6
LESIZE,2,,,4
LESIZE,12,,,20

9. 3 4

MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> MeshTool

() MeshTool:
Area ..
.
( Quad
).
( Mapped
).
3 or 4 sided
(
106).
Mesh.
Mesh Areas

Pick All.

139


:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh> Areas> Mapped> 3 or 4 sided

Mesh Areas. Mesh Areas
,
Pick All ( 120).
10. db-
Utelity Menu> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example3\),
( 120), . ,
(example3.db)
Save DataBase to Yes ( No)
.
3

120.
3

140
4.

1. db-
Utelity Menu> File> Resume from

Resume DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example4\),
,
(, example4.db)
Resume DataBase From,
( 121).

121. 1
2. LS-DYNA Expliit
Main Menu> Preferences
Preferences for GUI Filtering.
LS-DYNA Expliit.
OK .

141
3.
,
. :
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type> Add/Edit/Delete
Element Types ( 95)
None Defined, ,
. :
Add .
Library of Elements Types
LS-DYNA Explicit Thin Shell 163.
OK Library of Elements Types.
!
.

Close Element Type ( 95).

4.
,
.
:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Real Constants
:
Real Constants ( 122)
Add .
Element Type for Real Co ( 123)
OK, .. SHELL163
( ).
Real Constant Set Number 1, for THIN SHELL163
OK, ..
.
Real Constant Set Number 1, for THIN SHELL163
( 124,
7) .
Real Constants ( 122) Close.

142

122. Real Constants

123. Element Type


for Real Co

7.

SHRF

0.83333

NIP

T1

0.05

T2

0.05

T3

0.05

T4

0.05

143

124. Real Constant Set Number 1, for THIN SHELL163


5.

! ,
Plastic Kinematic ( 8).

Bilinear Kinematic.
, .

:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Material Models
Define Material Model Behavior,

.

144

8.

(/3)

7865

()

2E11

0.27

()

3.10E8

()

7.63E8

, () (-1)

, ()

Plastic Kinematic.
Material Models Available ( 99):
LS-DYNA> Nonlinear> Inelastic> Kinematic Hardning> Plastic Kinematic

Plastic Kinemaic Properties for Mat . :


( 8).
OK.
Define Material Model Behavior ( 99).

6.

.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool

145
( , )
Element Attributes
MeshTool ( 101):
Areas
Element Attributes
MeshTool ( 101).
Set.
Area Attributes Pick All.
Area Attributes ( 118) OK.

Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh Attributes> Picked Areas
:
Area Attributes Pick All.
Area Attributes ( 118) OK.

AATT,1,1,1,0,0

7.


( Meshtool, LESIZE)
.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( )
MeshTool:
Set Lines
MeshTool ( 103).
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
Pick All.

146
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
( 105) , 20
.
OK.

Main Menu>
Preprocessor>
ManualSize> Lines> Picked Lines

Meshing>

Size Cntrls>

:
Element Size on Picked ( 104)
Pick All.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
( 105) , 20
.
OK.

LESIZE,ALL,,,20
8. 3 4

MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> MeshTool

() MeshTool:
Area ..
.
, Quad

.
, Mapped
.

147
3 or 4 sided
(
106).
Mesh.
Mesh Areas Pick All.


:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh> Areas> Mapped> 3 or 4 sided
Mesh Areas

Pick All ( 125).
9. db-
Utelity Menu> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example4\),
( 125), . ,
(example4.db)
Save DataBase to Yes ( No)
.
4

125.
4

148
5.

1. db-
Utelity Menu> File> Resume from

Resume DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example5\),
,
(, example5.db)
Resume DataBase From,
( 126).

126. 1

2. LS-DYNA Expliit
Main Menu> Preferences
Preferences for GUI Filtering.
LS-DYNA Expliit.
OK .

149
3.
,
. :
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Element Type> Add/Edit/Delete
Element Types
None Defined ,
. :
Add .
Library of Elements Types
LS-DYNA Explicit 3D Beam 161.
OK Library of Elements Types.
Close Element Type.
!
.
4.
! ANSYS/LS-DYNA Beam Tool
.

:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Real Constants
:
Real Constants Add .
Element Type for Real Co
OK, .. BEAM161 (
).
Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161
OK, ..
.
Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161
( 127,
9) .
Real Constants Close.

150

9.

SHRF

0.83333

TS1

0.5

TS2

0.5

TT1

0.1

TT2

0.1

127. Real Constant Set Number 1, for BEAM161


151
5.

, (
3). :
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Material Props> Material Models
Define Material Model Behavior,

.
Plastic Kinematic.
Material Models Available
( 99):
LS-DYNA> Nonlinear> Inelastic> Kinematic Hardning> Plastic Kinematic
Plastic Kinemaic Properties for Mat :
( 3).
OK.
, Define Material Model Behavior ( 99).

6. ( )


.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool

Element Attributes MeshTool:
Lines
Element Attributes
MeshTool.
Set.
Line Attributes L1
( 126).
OK Apply.

152
Line Attributes ( 128)

Pick Orientation Keypoints OK.

128. Area Attributes


Line Attributes
3 ( L1).
Apply.
Line Attributes L2 (
126).
OK Apply.
Line Attributes OK, ..
.
Line Attributes
1 ( L2).
Apply.

L3 L9 ( 126, 10).

153

10. ( 126)

L1

L2

L3

L4

L5

L6

L7

L8

L9


Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh Attributes> Picked Lines
:
Line Attributes L1
( 126).
OK Apply.
Line Attributes

Pick Orientation Keypoints OK.


Line Attributes
3 ( L1).
Apply.
Line Attributes L2 (
126).

154
OK Apply.
Line Attributes OK, ..
.
Line Attributes
1 ( L2).
Apply.

L3 L9 ( 126, 10).

LSEL,S,LINE,,1,,,0
LATT,1,1,1,,3
LSEL,S,LINE,,2,,,0
LATT,1,1,1,,1
LSEL,S,LINE,,3,,,0
LATT,1,1,1,,2
LSEL,S,LINE,,4,,,0
LATT,1,1,1,,5
LSEL,S,LINE,,5
LATT,1,1,1,,4
LSEL,S,LINE,,6
LATT,1,1,1,,6
LSEL,S,LINE,,7
LATT,1,1,1,,3
LSEL,S,LINE,,8
LATT,1,1,1,,3

155
LSEL,S,LINE,,9
LATT,1,1,1,,2
LSEL,ALL
7.
-

( Meshtool, LESIZE)
.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> MeshTool
( )
MeshTool:
Set Lines
MeshTool.
Element Size on Picked
Pick All.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
, 10
.
OK Element Sizes on Picked Lines.

Main Menu>
Preprocessor>
ManualSize> Lines> Picked Lines

Meshing>

Size Cntrls>

:
Element Size on Picked
Pick All.
NDIV Element Sizes on Picked Lines
, 10
.
OK Element Sizes on Picked Lines.

156

LESIZE,ALL,,,10

8.
MeshTool
Main Menu> Preprocessor> MeshTool
()
MeshTool:
Lines ..
.
Mesh.
Mesh Lines
Pick All.

:
Main Menu> Preprocessor> Meshing> Mesh> Lines

Mesh Line.
Pick All.

9. db-
Utelity Menu> Save as

Save DataBase. ,
, (, C:\example5\),
( 129), .
(example5.db)
Save DataBase to Yes ( No)
.

157
5

129.
5

158

1.
. .

/
. . ,
. . ,
. . // : .
. . . , 3-7 2008 . 2.
: , 2008. . 115.
2.
. .

/ . . , . . , . . ,
. . //
: . . . 14-19 . 2009 . ,
. : , 2009. . 65.
3. . ANSYS
[ ] :
. .-. . 1-31 03 02
( ). 5 . . 1.
. /
. . , . . , . . . .
. : , 2013. 130 .: . .: . 128 . . .
. 001228052013. . 28.05.2013.
4. . ANSYS
[ ] :
. .-. . 1-31 03 02
( ). 5 . . 2.
.
ANSYS
/ . . , . . ,
. . . . . : , 2013. 145
.: . .: . 143. . . . 001328052013. .
28.05.2013.
5. . ANSYS
[ ] :
. .-. . 1-31 03 02
( ). 5 . . 3.

.
/ . . , . . , . . . .

159
. : , 2013. 193 .: . .: . 190.
. . . 001428052013. . 28.05.2013.
6. . ANSYS
[ ] :
. .-. . 1-31 03 02
( ). 5 . . 4. .
Solution General Postproc .
, /
. . , . . , . . . .
. : , 2013. 118 .: . .: . 116 . . .
. 001528052013. . 28.05.2013.

160

...................................................................................................................... 3
ANSYS/LS-DYNA.
............................................................... 4
.............................................. 4
.................................................. 4
.................................................................... 4
LS-DYNA
ANSYS ...................................................................................................................... 6
. ................ 7
1.
.................................................................................. 7
2. .................. 22
3.
......................................................................... 38
4. ....................................................... 50
5. ............................................................................... 58

LS-DYNA ................................................................................................................... 63
ANSYS / LS-DYNA. .............................................. 64
................................................................................... 64
..................................................................... 64

Real Constants..................................................................................................... 66
LS-DYNA Explicit ................................ 67

.
....................................... 87
..................................................................... 87
.......................................................................... 87

........................................................................................................... 88

........................................................................................................... 89
............................................................................ 90
........................................................ 90
................... 91
......................................................... 92
.................................. 93

161
................................................................................................. 93
LS-DYNA> Linear Material Models Available ............................. 94
LS-DYNA> Nonlinear
Material Models Available .................................................................................. 97
-
ANSYS / LS-DYNA ANSYS ............................................................ 100

LS-DYNA ................................................................................ 101
1.
................................ 102
2.
............................................................................................... 117
3.
...................................................... 126
4.
........................................................................................................... 140
5.
.......................................................................................... 148
.............................................................................................................. 158