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d'/d Fe 415

0.04 355
0.05 355
0.06 354.6
0.07 354.2
0.08 353.8
0.09 353.4
0.1 353
0.11 350.8
0.12 348.6
0.13 346.4
0.14 344.2
0.15 342
0.16 339.4
0.17 336.8
0.18 334.2
0.19 331.6
0.2 329
CONCRETE M20 7
STEEL Fe415 230
m 13.33
k 0.29
%age steel 0.44%
TENSION REIN. COMPRESSION REIN.
%AGE STEEL FE 415

0.1
0.2 1.06
0.3 1.09
0.4 1.3
0.5 1.2 1.13
0.6 1.1
0.8 1
1 0.95
1.2 0.9
1.4 0.88
1.6 0.87
1.8 0.85
2 0.82
2.2 0.81
2.4 0.8
2.6 0.79
2.8 0.77
W 50 KN
a 2M
L 6M
B.M. 44.44 KN/M
B.M. CENTER 33.33
B.M. CENTER
L B H w (kn/mt3)
Column 0.69 0.34 3.66 25 21.5
Beam 5.49 0.34 0.63 25 14.78
Slab 4.19 6.9 7.5 216.76
253.05
Bearing capacity 100
sqm sft
Area 2.78 29.96
2.53 27.24
INPUT DATA: DUBLY REINFORCED BEAM BY L. S.
M.
DESIGN CONSTANTS:
M 20 20 N/Sq.mm FT
Fe415 415 N/Sq.mm 8
Modulus of elasticity steel, Ec 25490 N/Sq.mm
Modulus of elasticity steel, Es 210000 N/Sq.mm
Max strain allowed in concrete 0

BEAM IDENTIFICATION 4
SHORT SPAN,Lx 5.26 MTR 10.5
LONG SPAN,LY 5.26 MTR 18.1
LOAD INTENSITY DEAD LOAD 5.5 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD INTENSITY IMPOSED LOAD 3 KN/SQ.MTR
NO OF SPAN CONTRIBUTING LOAD 2
DEAD LOAD ON LONG SPAN FOR B.M. 19.28 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON LONG SPAN FOR B.M. 10.52 KN-MTR
DEAD LOAD ON SHORT SPAN FOR B.M. 19.28 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON SHORT SPAN FOR B.M. 10.52 KN-MTR WALL THK.
WEIGHT OF WALL 0 KN-MTR 0.23
BEAM TO BE DESIGNED LONG BEAM
DEAD LOAD ON BEAM 19.28 KN/MTR
LIVE LOAD ON BEAM 10.52 KN/MTR
TOTAL LOAD 29.80 KN/MTR
SPAN OF BEAM C/C 5.26 MTR
WIDTH OF SUPPORT EVERAGE 0.3 MTR
CLEAR SPAN OF BEAM PROVIDED 4.96 MTR
TYPE OF BEAM END SPAN BEAM
ASSUME SPAN/DEPTH RATIO 10
DEPTH OF BEAM REQUIRED FROM DEFLECTION
CRITERIA 496 MM =(19.8 INCH)
OVER ALL DEPTH, D PROVIDED 450 MM =(18 INCH)
WIDTH OF BEAM, b 230 MM
THICKNESS OF THE SLAB 112.5 MM
EFFECTIVE SPAN OF BEAM TAKEN FOR DESIGN 4.96 MTR
DESIGN DEAD LOAD INCLUDING BEAM RIB WT 21.22 KN/M
DESIGN IMPOSED LOAD 10.52 KN/M
TOTAL DESIGN LOAD ON BEAM 31.74 KN/M
LOAD FACTOR FOR D.L. AND I.L. 1.5
FACTORED LOAD ie Load x 1.5 47.61 KN/M
COVER, C ( 0.05 or 0.1 x D) 25 MM
COVER 0.05 OR 0.1 OF D 0.06
fsc FROM TABLE CORRESPONDING d'/d 355 N/Sq.mm Refer Compressive stress
DIA OF RINGS FOR SHEAR 10 mm
NO OF LEGS FOR RINGS 2
EFFECTIVE DEPTH, d 415 MM
DEPTH OF N-A, Xm 201 MM
Limiting B.M, Mlim. CAPACITY OF concrete 110.3 KN-M

DESIGN STEPS: AT MID AT SUPPORT


B.M FAC 8 16
MAX B.M. BASED ON FACTORED LOAD 146.28 73.14 KN-M
B.M. TAKEN BY CONCRETE 110.30 73.14 KN-M
BENDING MOMENT conc load
BENDING MOMENT 146.28 73.14 KN-M
Balanced B.M, M2 to be taken by compression steel 35.98 Not reqd KN-M
Area of tension steel , At1 required 924.13 612.80 Sq.mm
compression steel, Asc required 266.60 0 Sq.mm
Corresponding Tension steel, At2 262.13 0 Sq.mm
TOTAL TENSION STEEL required, At 1,186.26 612.80 Sq.mm
TOTAL TENSION STEEL , At provided 1256 1030 Sq.mm

Compression steel , Asc provided 402 628 Sq.mm


Comp. steel OK Comp. steel OK

TOTAL STEEL CRANKED FROM BOTTOM TO TOP 628.00 Sq.mm

Xu/d provided 0.47 0.23


STEEL CHECK STEEL OK STEEL OK
SPACING

minimum dia of steel 20.00 MM


EVERAGE DIA OF BAR 18.00 MM
MAX NO OF BARS IN 1 ROW 4.00

APPX GAP BETWEEN REINFORCEMENT PROVIDED 36.00 MM


SPACING CHECK BAR SPACING OK
CHECK FOR SHEAR
CONTINUITY FACTOR FOR BEAM 1.000
SHEAR FORCE,V 48.82 KN
SHEAR STRESS,q 0.51 N/SQMM
% STEEL PROVIDED AT SUPPORT 1.08 %
SHEAR STRESS PERMISSIBLE,q 0.67 N/SQMM Refer Shear table
Maximum shear stress in concrete 3.00 N/SQMM OK
SHEAR CAPACITY OF CONC X-SEC, V/b*d 63.50 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF BENT BARS 113.37 KN value not considered
BALANCE SHEAR TO BE RESISTED by strips 0.00 nominal shear force for stirup
DESIGN BALANCE SHEAR TO BE RESISTED 17.07 KN
MAX STIRRUP SPACING REQD AT CORNER BY
CALCULATION 1,584.00 mm
MAX STIRRUP SPACING REQD AT CORNER BY
EMPIRICAL FORMULA 104 mm upto
MIN STIRRUPS REQD AS PER FORMULA 708 mm
MAX SPACING AS PER DESIGN BETWEEN STRIPS IN
MIDDLE OF BEAM BY EMPIRICAL RESULTS 208
LENGTH FROM SUPP. FOR STIRRUP REDUCTION -0.75 MTR.
PROVIDE SPACING OF RINGS NEAR SUPPORT 125.00 MM upto
MAX SPACING PROVIDED BETWEEN STRIPS IN
MIDDLE OF BEAM 225.00 MM
RESULTS:
DEPTH OF BEAM 450 MM
WIDTH OF BEAM 230 MM
TENSION STEEL AT MID 1,256.00 Sq.mm PROVIDE 3BARS 16dia
COMPRESSION STEEL AT Mid 402.00 Sq.mm PROVIDE 4 NOS 16 DIA
TENSION STEEL AT SUPPORT 1,030.00 Sq.mm PROVIDE 4 NOS 16 DIA
COMPRESSION STEEL AT SUPPORT 628.00 Sq.mm CARRIED 3BARS THROUG
SPACING OF 8-DIA 2- LEGGED STIRRUPS PROVIDE 8MM DIA 10 nos RINGS @100MM C/C+rest @225MM

APPX COST OF CONCRETE PER CUM 2470.5


APPX COST OF STEEL PER KG 30
APPX COST OF CONC IN BEAM RS 1268
APPX COST OF STEEL IN BEAM IN RS 2977
APPX TOTAL COST OF THE BEAM IN RS 4245 @ Rs. 807 per mtr

CHECK FOR DEFLECTION

M_FACTOR TENSION 0.93


M_FACTOR COMPRESSION 1.13
SPAN/DEPTH RATIO ALLOWED 20.00
SPAN/DEPTH RATIO PROVIDED 11.95
DEFLECTION CHECK DEFLECTION WITHIN LIMIT
NEAUTRAL AXIS FACTOR AT SERVICE LOAD 0.37
NEAUTRAL AXIS DEPTH 153
SHORT TERM DEFLECTION CO-EFFICIENT 5
INCH. BEAM DEP.METER
7 0 2.62

21.45
19.5

WALL HT. DENSITY


0 12 X 0

SPAN/DEPTH RATIO REQUIRED SHORT BEAM


SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM 20 LONG BEAM
CONTINUOUS BEAM 26
END SPAN BEAM

DEPTH CHECK OK
BEAM WIDTH CHECK OK

SIDE FACE REIN NOT REQD

fer Compressive stress

Xu/d 0.48
Doubly Reinforced

NEUTRAL AXIS FACTOR 0.485


AREA STEEL B.M. capacity
AREA REQD IF SINGLY REINFORCED 923.35 110.42

0.957% For balanced section


1.20% 1.00%
WITHIN LIMIT
0.40% 0.60%

WITHIN 4% STEEL WITHIN 4%

109.3

SHEAR STRESS< 2.8N/SQMM FOR M20 2.82


BETA 38.2 As*100/b*d <4% OK
STRESS,q 0.86 FROM Table 17 of IS 456

Provide Nominal shear reinforcement


ue not considered
minal shear force for stirups

830 mm 7 NOS

< 0.7D,OK

800 mm 7
x=L/2-x, x=.5L*shear cap/shear load

OVIDE 3BARS 16dia


OVIDE 4 NOS 16 DIA
OVIDE 4 NOS 16 DIA
RRIED 3BARS THROUGH
0MM C/C+rest @225MM C/C

Rs. 807 per mtr


M

HORT BEAM
B.M. TAKEN
110.42
S NO 100*As/b*d M15 M20
0.15 0.28 0.28
0.25 0.35 0.36
0.5 0.46 0.48
0.75 0.54 0.56
1 0.6 0.62
1.25 0.64 0.67
1.5 0.68 0.72
1.75 0.71 0.75
2 0.71 0.79
2.25 0.71 0.81
2.5 0.71 0.82
2.75 0.71 0.82
3 0.71 0.82

VAL_LOWER 0.5 0.46 0.48


VAL_UPPER 0.75 0.54 0.56

VALUE 1.08 0.65 0.67


BASIC MODULE

SHORT SPAN,Lx 2.6 MTR 16.88


LONG SPAN,LY 6.6 MTR
LOAD INTENSITY DEAD LOAD 4.85 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD INTENSITY IMPOSED LOAD 2 KN/SQ.MTR
NO OF SPAN CONTRIBUTING LOAD 2
DEAD LOAD ON LONG SPAN 14.1 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON LONG SPAN 5.81 KN-MTR
DEAD LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 8.4 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 3.46 KN-MTR WALL THK. WALL HT. DENSITY
WEIGHT OF WALL 0 KN-MTR 0 0 20

BEAM WITH WALLS


SHORT SPAN,Lx 1.83 MTR
LONG SPAN,LY 2.51 MTR
LOAD INTENSITY DEAD LOAD 7 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD INTENSITY IMPOSED LOAD 2 KN/SQ.MTR
NO OF SPAN CONTRIBUTING LOAD 2
DEAD LOAD ON LONG SPAN 10.43 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON LONG SPAN 2.98 KN-MTR
DEAD LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 8.53 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 2.44 KN-MTR
LOAD OF BRICKWALL PARAPET 0 KN/M 0.23 X 0
LOAD OF BRICKWALL 6.9 KN/M 0.12 X 3
TOTAL LOAD KN/M

SHORT SPAN,Lx 5.26 MTR


LONG SPAN,LY 5.26 MTR
LOAD INTENSITY DEAD LOAD 5.35 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD INTENSITY IMPOSED LOAD 4 KN/SQ.MTR PER SPAN 10.16
NO OF SPAN CONTRIBUTING LOAD 2 PER SPAN 6.55
DEAD LOAD ON LONG SPAN 18.75 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON LONG SPAN 14.02 KN-MTR
DEAD LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 18.75 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 14.02 KN-MTR

SHORT SPAN,Lx 3.05 MTR


LONG SPAN,LY 4.88 MTR
LOAD INTENSITY DEAD LOAD 5.19 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD INTENSITY IMPOSED LOAD 3 KN/SQ.MTR
NO OF SPAN CONTRIBUTING LOAD 1.5
DEAD LOAD ON LONG SPAN 10.54 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON LONG SPAN 6.1 KN-MTR
DEAD LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 7.9 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 4.57 KN-MTR

SHORT SPAN,Lx 3.05 MTR


LONG SPAN,LY 4.88 MTR
LOAD INTENSITY DEAD LOAD 5.19 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD INTENSITY IMPOSED LOAD 3 KN/SQ.MTR
NO OF SPAN CONTRIBUTING LOAD 1.5
DEAD LOAD ON LONG SPAN 10.54 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON LONG SPAN 6.1 KN-MTR
DEAD LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 7.9 KN-MTR
IMPOSED LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 4.57 KN-MTR
WIDTH OF THE PASSAGE 1.05 MTR
LOAD FROM PASSAGE 2.73 KN/M
UDL ON BEAM 7.3 KN/M
POINT LOAD AT CENTRE 66.83 KN
TOTAL LOAD ON BEAM 76.85
SPAN OF BEAM 6.38 MTR
OVER ALL DEPTH, D 450
WIDTH OF BEAM, b 300
WEIGHT OF BEAM/MTR 3.38 KN/M
TOTAL DESIGN LOAD ON BEAM 10.67 KN/M
BM DUE TO POINT LOAD 106.59 KN-M
BM DUE TO UDL 54.3 KN-M
TOTAL B.M 160.89 KN-M
SHEAR MAX 67.46

SHORT SPAN,Lx 5.26 MTR


LONG SPAN,LY 5.26 MTR
LOAD INTENSITY 5.35 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD ON LONG SPAN 9.37 KN-MTR
LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 9.37 KN-MTR
NO OF SPAN 2
LOAD ON LONG SPAN 18.74 KN-MTR
LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 18.74 KN-MTR
LOAD OF BRICK WALL 0 KN/M 0.12 THK 0
LOAD ON LONG SPAN 18.74 KN-MTR
LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 18.74 KN-MTR
SHORT SPAN,Lx 3.2 MTR
LONG SPAN,LY 7.13 MTR
LOAD INTENSITY 8.19 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD ON LONG SPAN 12.22 KN-MTR
LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 8.73 KN-MTR
NO OF SPAN 1
LOAD ON LONG SPAN 12.22 KN-MTR
LOAD ON SHORT SPAN 8.73 KN-MTR
LOAD FROM PASSAGE 21 KN-MTR 2.29 WIDTH 9.19
LOAD OF BRICK WALL 6.48 KN/M 0.12 THK 2.82
TOTAL LOAD ON BEAM 36.21 KN/MTR
LENGTH OF THE BEAM 6.38 MTR
BENDING MOMENT DUE TO UDL 311 KN-MTR
BENDING MOMENT DUE TO POINT LOAD
198.58 KN-MTR 124.5
BENDING MOMENT AT SUPPORT -614 KN-MTR
BENDING MOMENT AT CENTRE 202 KN-MTR

SPAN CONTRIBUTING LOAD 1.8 MTR


LOAD INTENSITY 9 KN/SQ.MTR
LOAD ON BEAM 16.2 KN-MTR
DEAD LOAD OF WALL 2
TOTAL LOAD INTENSITY 18.2
SPAN ON LEFT SIDE PASSAGE 2.44 M
SPAN ON RIGHT SIDE PASSAGE 0M
LOAD INTENSITY 9.19 KN/SQM

TOTAL LOAD /MTR 11.2 KN/M

LOAD OF BRICKWALL PARAPET 4.2 KN/M

M
HEIGHT
LOAD INTENSITY
HEIGHT