Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 184

,

2 (10) / 2015

2015

27-1(051)
86.37
38

. 200 8 2012 .


: . . () (. )
., - . . . () (. )
., - . ., - . . . (. )
. () (. , )
., - . . . (. )
, - . . . (. )
- . . . (. )


:
,

:
. .,
()
:
. . , . ;
. . . ;
. . . ();
- . , . . ;
- . , . . ;
- , . . ;
. . , . . ;
. . ; . . ;
. ., . . .
( )

-
http://epds.ru/bulletin
ISSN 2224-5391

, 2015

EKATERINBURG THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

BULLETIN
OF THE EKATERINBURG
THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

Issue 2 (10)/2015

Ekaterinburg 2015

UDC

27-1(051)
H57

EDITORIAL COUNIL
Chairman: Prof. Metropolitan Constantine (Goryanov) (Petrozavodsk)
Prof. Archimandrite Makary (Veretennikov) (Sergiev Posad)
Prof. Natalia Yu. Sukhova (Moscow)
Archpriest Marek Lawreszuk (Poland)
Prof. Alexey G. Mosin (Ekaterinburg)
Docent Irina V. Pochinskaya (Ekaterinburg)
Natalia D. Zolnikova (Novosibirsk)
EDITORIAL BOARD
Editor-in-chief:
Archpriest Nikolay Maleta,
Vice-Rector
Managing editor:
Metropolitan of Petrozavodsk and Karelia
Prof. Constantine (Goryanov),
Members of the board:
Prof. Olga B. Akimova; Prof. Oksana E. Sheludyakova;
Docent Archpr. Petr Mangilev; Archpr. Sergey Alexeev; Fr. Moisey (Pilats);
Docent Dmitry I. Makarov; Docent Anna V. Mangileva;
Sergey Y. Akishin; Nadezhda S. Karimova;
Pr. John Nikulin (Senior secretary)

The academic journal issued by Ekaterinburg Theological Seminary publishes materials


and research articles on theology, church history and related disciplines, extracts from the
protocols of the seminary academic council meetings, reviews and comments on the diploma
papers of the seminary students, reviews and bibliographical notes on new research in the area
of theological studies. The journal is addressed to teachers and students of religious schools,
historians, theologians, philosophers and all those interested in the above mentioned topics.

Site: http://epds.ru/bulletin
ISSN 2224-5391

Ekaterinburg Theological Seminary, 2015


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

I.

(), .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
. . 1870- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
., .
1920- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
. .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

II.


20082009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
2008/2009 . . . . . 109

III.
. . :
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159

, . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174

CONTENTS
List of Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

I. RESEARCH ARTICLES
HISTORY CHURCH AND ARCHEOGRAFY
Antony (Malinsky), hieromonk. Some Questions Connected with the Study of
the History of the Non-possessors Movement within the Russian Church of
the Late Fifteenth Early Sixteenth Centuries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Andrey V. Shamanaev. The Project of a Christian Museum in Sevastopol,
Chersonesos, in the Second Half of the 70-es of the 19th Century . . . . . . . . 29
Alexander Mazyrin, priest. On a failed attempt to find the truth before the
Patriarch of Constantinople and his Moscow representative in the late 20-es
of the 20th century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Natalia V. Anufriyeva. The Apocalyptic Image of the Archangel Michael in the
Russian Tradition and its Reflection in the Iconography of the Nizhny Tagil
Manuscript . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Irina V. Pochinskaya. The Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery Obikhodnik from
the Ural Federal University Laboratory of Archival Research (LAR) . . . . . . 65

II. ACADEMIC LIfE


Protocols of the meetings of the Scientific Council for 2008/2009 . . . . . . .106
Reviews and comments on the diploma papers in the academic year
2008/2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109

III. CRITIQUE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY


Natalia A. Mudrova. Some Remarks Concerning the Historical Context of the
Formation of the Collection Named Statyros and the Person of Its Author: A
Propos of the Article by Archpriest Petr I. Mangilev and Larisa S. Soboleva .159
Petr Mangilev, Archpriest. Once Again on the Statyros: Some Remarks on
the Ovccasion of Natalia A. Mudrovs Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Summaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
About the authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174

. ., 1958.

, . . .,
1868.

(. ).

. , 18441919.

. ,
18871920.


. . . (. ).


, (. -).
,

- (. ).

(. ).

(. ).

( )
(. -).

. . 13. .; .,
19872004.

. ., 1934.


. ., 19461908.

10

. . 2 (10). 2015, 1128

()




. , .

, , , .
. ,
. , .
, ,
. .
, . ,
, , , .
-

(), 2015

11

()

- ,
.
,
. - , .
,
. 1503
. 1503 , ,

.
: XVI , , . , , , , .

-
- ,
. ,
1503
. , , , ,
, , . , ,
. .
, .
. .

.

. . 1, , , , 1

, . : 2 . . 2. ; ., 2000. . 181202.

12

, ,
( 35. 6, 7). .

( 19. 21; 10. 21). , , ,
. , ;
,
( 4. 32). ,
, , , . 2 ( II .), , , ; . 3
( III .),
; . ,
, . ,
4.
C

. , . :
, ,
, 5. 6 7. , . . // . . 3. ., 2001. . 599.
.
4
.
5
, . 2- . ., 1895. . I. . 369.
6
. . 42.
7
(), . . . 6. ., 2011. . 46.
2
3

13

()

8, 9, 10, 11, 12, . 13, . 14, . 15, . 16, . 17 ,


18, , .
, . . , ,
(),
. , 19.
(), . . . 6. . 82.
: : ,
: .
, -. , , ( (), . . . 6. . 92).
10
. . 121.
11
. . 219.
12
: , ( (), . . . 6. . 352).
13
, . ., 1858.
. II. . 99.
14
(), . . . 6. . 4142.
15
. ., 1859. . 1. . 291.
16
, . - - , 1994. . 132.
17
,
, (
, , . . 2- . , 1893.
. 295).
18
:
; , : ,
. , ( (), . . . 6. . 382; 8283).
19
. . :
XIV XVI . ., 2002. . 172.
8
9

14

.

. .
, : ,
,
, 20.

. - . 21 ,

. .
22.
,
, XVI

.
23 . , , 1503 . XVI . - ,
: ,
, .
,
1503 .
. . IX . ., 2001. . 294295.
- , - / . .-. . . . ., 2012. . 26.
22

. - , 1904. . 9798. . .
( / . . . . ., 2001. . 3857).
23
(), . . . 4. . 1. ., 1996. . 7476.
20

21

15

()

. . . : -, -. <>

, 1503 . , 24.
1503 . ,
. , . ,
1503 25, 1562/63 .,
;
. 26, 27;
28,
40- 50- XVI .;
2930;
. . . ., 1993. . 452.
/ . . . . . . .; ., 1959. . 322329.
26
, . // . 1903. . 3. . 3739.
27
[] XVI . [] ( . , ), , . . , ( . . . //
. 1915. . 3. . 173190).
. . ( . . // . . 2. . 1. . 273276),
. . ( . . // . . 2. . 5). ( . . 25. . 559585).
28
// . . 366369.
29
. . . , , ,
, , 1550- . (: . . XVI . ., 2002. . 155173).
30
. . : [ ]. .; .,
1960. . 279.
24
25

16

31, 60- XX . . , 15061508


1503 ;
32.
: , , .
, , , ,
. . .
. , ,

, , , ,
? ,
33.
III . .
1503 . ,
, III, .
. , 1503 .
, 34.
. , . . XVI .
III // . . XX. .; .: , 1964. . 251252.
32
. . // . .; ., 1965. . 21. . 155157.
33
. 367.
34
. . XVXVI ( -
). ., 1982. . 204.
31

17

()

III ,
35 .
, , 36,

-: - . :
1) , , - ;
2) . : , , , ,
. , ,
. , , ;
3) . ,
;
4) ,
, ,
. , ,
.
, , 37
III38.
. . . 156.
. -,
- ( . . . 1. , 1871. . 40).
37
. , III , ,
( . . 39).
38
III , . ,
, 35
36

18

,
. , III, ,
.
.

, .
,
,
,
39. , , : 32, 33,
34, , 14, 15, 14,
30, 12, 1840.
,
, 41.
. .
, , . 42. . . . 43, . . 44,
( . . 52).
39
1503 . // . 322.
40
. . 324.
41
. . 324325.
42
. . XVXVI . . 197211.
43
Ostrowski D. A Fontological Investigation of the Muscovite Church Council of 1503.
Ann Arbor. Michigan, 1986. P. 332.
44
. . 1503 . // XIV
XVI . . IV. ., 1988. . 811.

19

()


1503 .45 . . 46
. , ,
, ,
1503 . .
, , .
. , ,
. 1503 .
.
, . .
, , 40- XVI ,
.
: . . 47, . . 48, . . 49, . . 50, . 51 . . 52 . . . ,
, , 53.
. . .
XIV . XVI . . 248.
46
. . 294.
47
. . // . . IX. ., 1953.
. 170; 1503 ., .: . . 373374; XVXVI . ., 1982. . 205.
48
. . // . .; .,
1960. . XVI. . 460.
49
. . // . 1961. 2. . 92.
50
. . - , XV . // . ., 1897. . 113. . XL.
51
Ostrowski D. A Fontological P. 120, 227.
52
. . 1503 . . 812.
53
. . //
. ., 2011. . 76.
45

20

54 :
,
. , .
. , , : , .
, [],
-
, ,
55. . ,
, , , ,
. ,
.
. ,
, , :
, . , ; ,
: ; , , , ; , , ,
( , .
- - , 1994. . 9). ,
. .
, ,
XI . . XIV . , . . (
, . ( ). , 2002.
. 84), . , . , , ,
. (.: 188990 . // . 1895. . 23. . 296). , . , . .
55
, . . . 7.
54

21

()

, . . , :
,
, , ;
,
[]
?!56
. . ,
.
, , , , . , , . . , , ,
.
.
( , )57.
, .
, , ,
. , ,
.
- . ,
58, . . .
. . . . 59.
. . // . / . . . .
2- ., . ., 2008. . 59, 4041.
58
. . XV
XVI // : - . URL: http://www.pravostok.ru/ru/journal/jhistory/?id=1449
( : 12.12.2014).
56
57

22

, , ,
,

.
. : :
,
, , ,
, , , ,
,
59.
, .
1503 . ,
, .
, , , : ? . ,
,
.
,
. , -
,
, , , , . . : 60,
, , 460. 1513 . 16.
. , -
. . 58.
.: . .
. 184.
59
60

23

()

, []
. . , , . .61. 464, 46562 .63
[]
<> <> , , () ( . . .),
( . . .), , , , ,
,
64.
. . ,
, 65 .
, , , - . , ,
66.
, ,
67. - , . .
61
. . 2: . ., 1997.
. 145.
62
. . 146.
63
XVI .
-, -, - ( . . XVI . // . 1940. 10. . 101).
64
. . . . , 1915.
. 397398.
65
. . . 185.
66
.
67
/ . . . . ;
. . . . ., 1971. . 107.

24

, .
, - ,
, 68.
.
1503 . , ,
-,
.

- .
, 69 70 71 ,
72. ,
,
- .
. .
. ,
: , ,
. , , ,
. , , , ,
( . . . 278292).
69
. . ( . . // . . 2 ( XIV XVI .). . 2: / . ;
. . . . . ., 1989. . 164165.
70
// . ., 1973. . 10. . 177222 ( ).
71
. . 179180.
72
. 190.
68

25

()

,
, ,
- .
. . , 73.
:
(. . .) 74,
75,
76. . . . , ,
. , . ,
.
. . 77, . 78, . . 79 . . 80, , , , ,
, , 81.
. . ,
: . ,
. . . . 261.
. 367.
75
.
76
.
77
. . . .,
1882. . 4445.
78
Ostrowski D. A Fontological Investigation of the Muscovite Church Council of 1503.
P. 120, 227.
79
. . 1503 . // XIV
XVI . . IV. ., 1988. . 811.
80
. . XVI . //
. , 1994. . 133148.
81
.
73
74

26

82,
,

83. ,
. .
. .
84. , ,
85
1503 . ,
.
, 1531 . ( . . . ).
: ,
, . ,
[] [] , 86.
,
,
. . -.
:
. , ;
- , . ;
() ( 1986 . ) ,
, ( (), .
// . ., 1973. 10. . 175).
83
. . . .; ., 1960. . 297.
84
. . . 263.
85
/ . . . . ., 1865.
86
. . () // . . 2. . 1. . 201.
82

27

()

XVI , . 1503 .;
,
. ;
. 1503 . , .
,
.

. . 2 (10). 2015, 2939

. .


1870-
XIX .
. . - ( , , )
. . (- , , ) (
). - (. ).
1850- ., ,
, .
. . ,
, . , , .
. . - , , .
,
. , . ,
, . . - .

, .
- : ,
, , - .

. . , 2015

29

. .

: , - , , , . . -, . . , , .


XIX . ,
- .

( , ), , - 1.

(, , - , ), .
, 2. , 1914 . 180 .
1872 .3
,
- . 1863 .
- .
1917 . 52- -
. 4. 1870- . . . . ., 2003. . 251.
. . - // . 1974. ., 1975. . 3855; . . - XIX XX . // . 1990.
., 1992. . 8388; . . ( XIX XX ).
., 2011. . 1872.
3
. . . . 252254.
4
. . - XIX XX . . 8385.
1
2

30

1870-

( 1872, 1878, 1880)5. XX .


35 6.
, , .
(). ,
II (-, 1871) , . . (18351899)7. 1887 .
VII () . . (18401924)

8. X (, 1896)9.
,
XIX . : (1811), (1825), (1826)10. 1839 .
()
- .
, . . (18061883), - ,
(18391875), - (18751883). 1858 .
. . XIX XX .
// - : 75-
. . . ., 2002. . 81.
6
. . - ( XIX XX .) // . . . -. .: , , . 2009. 3. . 122.
7
. : I. (11 ) // II -. ., 1881. . 2. . 6061.
8
. . // VII .
1887 . ., 1891. . 2. . 259281; // . . 282284.
9
14 , // X
. 1896. ., 1900. . 3. . 126.
10
. . (XVIII .
XIX .). ., 2002. . 207226.
5

31

. .

. . ,
1883 .11 1850- .
12. 1869 .
- , 13.
1876 . , (1000 .)
14. . . . . (), - . . (?1898)
. . (18151894)15. 1876 .
,
16.

- . . 17. . . . . 288290;
. . . 185
(18252010). , 2010. . 3242.
12
, 14 1862, 14 1866 // . ,
1867. . 6. . 480481; . . :
-
. 17711871 . , 2011. . 150.
13
. .
// . , 1886. . 14. . 5556; . . . . // : - IV
. , 2003. . 291.
14
. . . , 1927. . 923.
15
14
1875 . 14 1876 . , 1877. . 10.
16
. . 19. . 1. . 10. . 21 21 .; . . 1876 . // . , 2012. . 17. . 215222.
17
. . // 11

32

1870-

1830- .,
18. (
18501860- . , . . (18251884)),
19. -,
1878 .,

,
. , 20. , , .

- . , , , ,
21.
, 1876 . . ,
( . . . .) , 22.
. ., 2001. . 1. . 411; . . . , 2006. . 7392. ( ; . 7).
18
.: . . . , 1836. 14 .
19
. . . . 1416; . .
. . 533; . . . . 7888.
20
14
1878 . 14 1879 . , 1880. . 9.
21
. . . . 224; . . . , , ,
, XIXXX . , 2004. . 4245.
22
. . 19. . 1. . 10. . 21 . , .

33

. .

.
, ,
. . , , 18781879 .
, 23.
1879 . . . . . - (18421920). , 3 (15) 1879 .
. .
( )24.
-
, . (1864) , 18741887 . . , . 1860- 1870- .
.
, , , , - . ,
. . , 1870- .25
. .
. , , -
. . . - ,
,
. . 603. 68. . 5 . 6.
. . 37.
25
. . // - :
75- . . . . . ., 2002. . 170; . .
. . - - XIX XX // . , 2004. . 1530; .
. . 112144; - . . // . . . , 2009. . 1. . 719; . . XIX XX . // : . , 2006. . 6667.
23
24

34

1870-

. ,
, ,
. - .
:
,
.
: ,
,
; , ,
, , ,
.
; , .
, 26. , , ,
27.
. . - . , 1870- .,
, ,
.
. 28.
. . - . .
.
:
, , , 29.
.: Fittipaldi A. Museums, safeguarding and artistic heritage in Naples in the eighteenth
century: some reflections // Journal of the history of collections. 2007. 19/2. . 194199.
27
. . 603. 68. . 4 4 .
28
. . ( ) // .
. ., 1875. . 34; . . : , . , 2006.
. 119120.
29
. . 603. 68. . 4 .
26

35

. .

,
, . ,
, 30.
. , ( ,
.).
,
. , 1850- .
. ,
31.
. . -

32. , 1869 .,
() 5
, . . (18181884)33.
.
, . . . ,
:
, , , , ;
, ., .: - . . : . .,
2005. 276 .
31
. . , // . 1888. 5. . 99100; . . . . 527.
32
. . 603. 68. . 4 .
33
. . // . () 18531856 .:
. , 2005. . 176.
30

36

1870-

; .<>, .<> , ,
, , .
,
, 34.
: , 1844 . . . (18101881), 1888 .,
;
1895 .35
, .
, ( . . .) 36.
. . -
- .
, , -
, : , ,
, ,
, ;
, , , , , , , . . 37. ,

38. , ,
, , , , . . . , : ,
, -
. . 603. 68. . 4 . 5.
. . : . , 1983. . 69;
. . . . 176.
36
. . 603. 68. . 5.
37
. . 5 . 6.
38
. . 5 .
34
35

37

. .

. , ,
; , , , , , 39.
,
78 . .
.

,
40.
. . - . ,

: ,
, , 1500 .<>;
, 41.
: , ,
,
; , , 42.

. . -.
600 ., 43. ( 1888 .
). 1887 . , 44.
. . 603. 68. . 6 6 .
. . 5 .
41
. . 6 .
42
.
43
. . //
. , 2006. . 15. . 231234.
44
, . . 1. 1887 . . 22. . 35.
39
40

38

1870-

. . (18581916), . . (18441925), . . 45. .


1903 . 40 . . - - 46.
, . . - ,
, XIX . ,
, .
. , -

. ,
, , , .

, . . 1. 1887 . . 22. . 29, 65 . 66; 1890 . . 26. . 115 115 .


. . . . 3031; . . //
(18591917): 150- . . ., 2009. . 536540.

45
46

39

. . 2 (10). 2015, 4050

. .



1920- .
,
,

. () 1927 .
()
.
,
(), . ,
. , ,
(
,
).
,
. ,
. III,
.
. ,

40

. . , 2015

, .
, .
,
.
: , , ,
().

19201930- . , , . ,
,
, , , .
( ), ,
.
,
.
, , , ,
,
.
, , ,
.
, VII 1924 . ,
1.
()
// . 1924. . 2. . 2.
, .
1

41

. .

2. VII III
. 1925 .
(),
: 3. () , , .
1927 ., , . , ()
1927 .
,
.
4. 7 1927 .,

(
, 33485).
, . ,
.
:
, // . 1924. 12 . 1718. . 75.
() III // . 1926. 6 (2). . 7.
4
.: , ,
, 1917
1943 / . . . . ., 1994. . 522, 530532.
5
.: // . 1928. . 529533.
2
3

42

. , ,
, ,
. ,
,
<> , ,
6. ,
III
,
, . ,
7 ,
7.
, , .
23 1927 .,

. , (), ,
, . , ,
(
). , ,
15 1928 .: ,
, ,
. 1928. 2 (25). . .
. 23.
7
.
6

43

. .

, ,
, . , , ,
, (, . . . .).
, : , ,
[] , : ! !
: ,
, , ,
.
,
, 1018 23 1927 . 8.
, 9 ,
-
.

10. : ,


.
, , . , . . -13011. . 20 . 21.
,
, : ( . . 19).
10
. . 5.
8
9

44

,
,
. , 11.
,
.
.
.
.
, 1925 .
, : , , ,
12. , ,
,
,
, ,

13. ,
, , ,
,
.
: . . :
(1920- 1930- ).
., 2011. . 195.
12
2731 1925 // . 1925. 15 . 4. . 12.
13
III- , 1 1925 ,
, // . 1926. 25 . 1. . 5.
11

45

. .

, ,
, ,
, .

. ,
, (),
,
. , ,
, , . ,
12 1928 .
, , []
, , ,
[] .-
, 14. , , (, ),
15 .
, ,
, .
,
, (. .
. .), ,
. 15. ,
. 12 1928 .
, , , ,
. , 26 , , ,
: .
. , ,
14
15

. . -13011. . 1.
. . 42.

46

. , ,
( . . . .),
. <> , , , ,
1925 ., . 16.
.
, 26 1928 .,
,

. , , , ,
17.

. 1928 .
: , -
, III
.
.
- - . , .
,
() . , III . ,
. , , , , :
.
, , , 18.
. 4. II . . 529 // . 1928.
. 3. . 14.
17
. . 13.
18

16

47

. .

,
, ,
( , : . . ,
, , 19). : 1018 23 1927 .
, . ,
:
, 23
1927 1018, , , ,
, ,
,
, , ,
[] ,

. ., , .
, , ,
,
23 .
, : 7 1927
3348, , ,
( ,
).
// . 1928. 2 (25).
. 13.
19
. . : () // , (18621937) / . .
. . . ., 2012. . 329.

48



,
20. ,
, ,

,
. 10 1928 .
21. ,
.

, 15 : <> , ,
,
III
. , ,
, , . <>
22. 12 :
( .
. . .) .
,
,
23.
. 1928. 34 (2627).
. . . 2.
21
.: .
22
. . -13011. . 25.
23
. . 42.
20

49

. .

- ,
, ,
.
, 17 1928 .
: ( . . . .) - , 24. , ,
,
. : 1930 .
. ,
.
, , . , 1936 .
(): ,
, , ,
25.

1940- .,
, . (), , . 1937 . 26.

. . -13011. . 49.
// . 1936.
789. . 7.
26
.: (), . , :
. . 3. , 1999. . 275294.
24
25

. . 2 (10). 2015, 5164

. .





XVIII . - ,

.
,
, ,
.
,
. . ,
XVII XVIII .
, ,
.

,
.

.

, .
,

,
,
. . , 2015

51

. .

,
, , XVI .
: , - , , , , , , , , .
<>
,

- (. -18104),
, ,
,
.
,
XVIII .1, ;
.
, . 66 4 2. 67 ,
2 . 3.
, XVII . .: . . // :
- .-. . , 1992. . 113118; . .
// . , 1999. . 234244.
2
64, 65, 67, 68, 69, 72 , , 1 .
3
.: . ., . . . , 2014. . 2834, 6280.
1

52

,
,
.

?

,
, , ,
.
,
, ,
.
,
, , , , , ,
.
4.
. .
XVI . XIX . []. ., 1884. . 490492, 521525; .
() // . . ., 1917. - . URL: http://www.lomonosov.org/article/russia_ikon.
htm ( : 24.04.2015); . .
( ) // . ., 1985. . 38.
. 186209; . . .
//
. ., 2003. . 4147; . . XXVII . ., 2007. . I. . 172173, 237240, 281; . . : . . . . . ., 2008 // DisserCat . URL: http://www.dissercat.com/content/
kult-arkhangela-mikhaila-v-vizantiiskoi-imperii ( : 24.04.2015); . . . // . 325 (). , 2009. . 6568; . . , ? ( ) // . -. , 2009. . 149165; . .
4

53

. .


. I . , 5.

, ,
, , , , -
, , , , .
.
,

6. , -,
. :
, , ;
, , 7.
, , 1550- . : . . . . ., 2012 //
. URL: http://cheloveknauka.com/obraz-arhangela-mihaila-groznyh-silvoevody-v-russkom-iskusstve-pozdnego-srednevekovya ( : 24.04.2015); . .
// . , 2013. . III. . 152160; XVIII
/ .-. . . , . . , . . . , 2014. . 100
105; .
5
.: . .
6
.: . . - // . - . , 1997. URL: http://kizhi.karelia.ru/library/ryabinin-1995/172.html ( : 12.04.2015); . . . 6568; . .
, ? . 149165; . . . 152
160; . . ; XVIII . 100105 .
7
10. 1.

54

,
.
( 21. 1021) ( 22. 1) ,
, , ( 18. 26, 1820)8. , , .

, ,
9,
(
)10, 11. XV .
, ,
12.
( , , ,
,
.) IX ., . . // . ., 2002. . V. . 325; . : . .
. 186209; . . X
XVII . 237240; . . . 3941.
9
10. 13, 21; 12. 1.
10
( 1Q+[4Q]) //
. URL: http://www.gumer.info/bogoslov_Buks/History_Church/Article/voina_sveta.php ( : 19.04.2015).
11
. / ., .
, . . . . ., 2001. C. 255263.
12
.: . ; . . XXVII . 172173; . .
. 4147; . . ( .
) // . 2005. 23. URL: http://www.agiograf.globalfolio.
net/dimitriy/month/mihailarhulianov.htm ( : 25.04.2015) .
8

55

. .

(112)
: 8 13
, 14 (8 , ).
.
6070- . XVI .,
. XIV .
, , ,
15. , ,
, :
, ,
. , 33016.
1638 . , 72
5 , 4

. . .
.
,
- (
-: , , , .
14
.: . . 112. ., 1897. . 243282.
15
.: . ., . . // . ., 2004. . 55. . 441450.
16
.: . . (. . 98. 1844): // , , . , . - . . . 75- - . , .-.
. ., 2013. . 167169.
13

56

)17,
-
18.
, .
,
6070- . XVI . (. .
), (. . , 7), 80- . XVI .19
, ,
XVI . , .
( )
, , , . , ,

, -, 1638 . .
1638 . , . . XVII ., . . 20. , ,
.
,
, , .: . . . 162.
.: . . 171172, 468525.
19
.: . . . // . ., 2010. . XXIV. . 740745.
20
. . . I. . 491.
17
18

57

. .

,
,
.
. . . XVII . . . ,
, 4 . XVII ., . XVII .
. . 21. , .
4 . .
(. 1) .
: .
34 : ,
: ,
, ,
22. : -,
(). ,
(, ), . ,
, : [] , [] ,
,
[] [] [], , , <>
,
23.
64
: 21
22
23

. . . I. . 490492.
. -18104. . 92 92 .
. . 13 13 .

58

, ,
24.
( ) ,
.
,
.

(. 2). :
; ;
; ; .
; .
; , ,
. , <> , ,
, : () . 25.
64 .
, ,
. , , ,
, .
, ,
,
. (
) ( , ; , . -18104. . 173 .
XVIII . .: . . // . ., 2001. . 187.

24
25

59

. .

). ,
(. 3).
: [] : ! ,
, [][]
[][], , [][][] , , , []
26.
, ,
, 64 (. 4).
. 64
,
: ,
( . 2),
, ,
( . 3)27. ,
, .
, , ; .
, (. 5).
, , ,
, . . . ,
. . . ( 528): , ; .
26
27

. -18104. . 171 171 .


., ., : .V.354/5598. . 191 .

60

, ,
, crus gemmata. ,
, 28.
, . . . : , ,
, 29.

: ,
[] :
30.


.
. . . , ( . . ,
. . ), :
1. , 2. ,
3. , 4. ( ), 5. 31.
, (.
). . .
, .

.: . . . I. . 490. . .
,
, , , . , , , .
29
. . . I. . 15.
30
. -18104. . 199.
31
. . . I. . 490492. . .
72, 73, 74, 75, 76
.
28

61

. .



. .

. .

, . , . . . . 32, ,
. , .
,
, , .
, 1638 ., ,
. , .
XVIII
XIX ., ,
. , .
,
32

. . . I. . 524525.

62

, XVII XVIII . 70
74, XVI .
, , . , 1638 .

. 1

. 2

63

. .

. 3

. 4

. 5

. . 2 (10). 2015, 65105

. .



- (16251628 .). , ,
,
, ,
. , ,
, . . 11 XVI 30- .
XVII . , 12-
.
XVI . 1630- . 16 1622 .
.

XVII .
.
, .
.
, , 15931594 . ,
15951601 . ,

. , XVI 1630- . . . , 2015

65

. .

, .
.
: - , , , , .

, , - .

1. ,
,
,
, 2.
-.
3.
- . 1601
1637 . / . . . . .; ., 2012. . 3.
2
.
3
. . - XVII (13971625). . 1. . 1: . .,
1897; . 1. . 2: . ., 1910; . 2: .
. . ., 2006; . .
XVI // . ., 1955. T. IV; . X. - -
XVII . // - . , 1956. . 2.
. 1. . 9496; XIVXVII . ,
/ . . . . . . . . ., 1994; . .
- // : , , . ., 1995. . 5161; . . 16201660- // . , 1997. . 2. URL: http://www.booksite.ru/fulltext/2ki/ril/lov/17.htm (
: 12.04.2015); . . -
XVII . ( 1655 . 1

66

, , ,
.
-

. 1995 ., ,
.
,
16251628 .
-
. . . , . . 4.
. . 11 XVI
30- . XVII .5 , 12 .
- 1397
1893 . : . , ,
.
1601 .) // : , , .
., . 2. 1997. . 2546; - 1601 : / . 3. . M. . . ., 1998; . . - XVIXVII . // : . . . . , 1999. . 1737; . .
- : 15601630- . //
.RU. URL: http://www.sedmitza.ru/lib/text/4591442/ ( :
12.04.2015); . . - XVI
XVII . // XIVXVII . ., 2002; . . -
(16541660 .) // : . . 75- . ., 2006. . 441468. - . 16011637 .; . . XVIXVII . ., 2013; . . - XVIXVII . ., 2012; .
4
. . - ; . . -
: 15601630- .; .
5
. . -
: 15601630- .

67

. .

.
: , , .
: , , 6.
,
,
, , ,
.
, . . ,
, , :
, , . .
,
1640- .7 .
,
, . . .

. , 64 ., XVII . .
, . ( 1223 1233)8.
1636 . , .
- 13971893 . / . . . . . // . , 1997. . 2. URL: http://www.booksite.
ru/fulltext/2ki/ril/lov/17.htm ( : 12.04.2015).
7
. . -
: 15601630- .
8
. . , ,
, - , , ,
, . ., 1844.
6

68

(. ) , , ,
1625 1628 .9
-
1593 ., 15931594 ., . , . . ,
. 1620- .,
.
.
, , 15951601 . , , 15931594 .
,
.

16 1622 .
. 1397 1657 . -
. ,
- , ,
, 10. ,
, ,
.
, 1625 .11,
12
. ,
, - . . 628.
- 13971893 . // . URL: http://www.booksite.ru/
fulltext/2ki/ril/lov/17.htm ( : 20.04.2015).
11
. . .
., 1877. . 291, 731.
12
. . -
: 15601630- .
9

10

69

. .

XVI 1630- .
(. 2 . 3), .
XVII .
.
1616 .
. 1616 .
12 30 . - 1615/16 .
:
10 . 13.
. 1570- .
, ,
I,
, , , . . .
1622 .
50 14.
1624 . ,
, .
, I, .
, - , , I , .
, ,
. . 1620- . . 1624 . ( ) , 1627.
, , . ,
13
14

- . . 135.
. . 218.

70

- . , . . . .
.

; . , 1637 .15
,
(.
).
? . - , . ,
,
:
1625 .; 1626 1627 .;
1627 1628 .16 , .

. . -
: 15601630- .
16
- . . 231277, 467471.
15

71

. .


-
IX.361/5293. . , XVII . 20- .
: : . . , 1223, 1233. : 80, 100152.
64 . . 14 ., 50 ., 54 . .
: .
:
- 1593 ., . 1 1 .;
, . 2 2 .;17
,
. 2. 3 .;
, . 3 . 4;
, . 4 4 .;
, . 4 .;
, . 4 . 5;
30 20 , 20 , ,
. 4 . 5;
6 , . 5 .;
, ,
. 6 6 .;
, . 6 . 7;
, . 7;
, . 7 7 .;
, . 7 .;
, . 7 .;
, . 7 . 8;
, . 8;
,
. , : . . -
: 15601630- .
17

72

, . 8;
, . 8 8 .;
, . 8 .;
, . 8 .;
, ,
, . 8 . 9;
, . 9;
, , , , . 9 9 .;
, , . 9 .;
, . 9 .;
,
. 9 . 10;
, . 10 10 .;
, . 10 . 11;
, . 11;
,
, . 11 11 .;
, . 11 .;
, . 11 . 12;
, . 12;
, . 12 12 .;
, . 12 .;
, . 12 .;
() ,
. 13;
,
. 1314;
2 , . 14;


, . 15 38 .;

, . 39 39 .;
73

. .

, . 40;

, . 40 40 .;
,
. 40 . 41;
, . 41 .;
, . 41 .;
, . ( , ), . 41 . 43 .;
2 ( , ,
), . 43 . 44;
6905
( - ), . 44 . 46 .;
130 16 , . 46 . 47 .;
124 18 ,
. 47 . 48;
132 19 , . 48;
. , . 48 . 49 .;
, . 49 . 50;
, , . 5154;
, . 55;
, , , . 5664.
: XIX ., , . 1 .
:
: 1995 .
18
19

1616 .
1624 .

74

75

. .

76

77

. .

78

79

. .

80

81

. .

82

83

. .

84

85

. .

86

87

. .

88

89

. .

90

91

. .

92

93

. .

94

95

. .

96

97

. .

98

99

. .

100

101

. .

102

103

. .

104

. . 2 (10). 2015, 106158


2008/2009

15 2009
: .
15 2009 . .
2008/2009
:
.
(. .: . );
.
(. .: . );
. (. .: .
);
. . (. () . . ) (. .: . . );
.
( ) (. .: . );
.
XIX
XX (. .: . );
. (. .: . . );
.
(. .: . . );
.
:
(. .: . );

106

2008/2009
. 1917 . . (. .: . . ).
:
. ,
, (. .: . . );
, . (.
.: . . );
, . I: (. .: . . );
, .
(19581964 .) (. .: . );
, .
XIX . (), (), () (. .: . . );
. : (. .: . . );
. .
(. .:
. . ).
2008/2009
:
, . . , ,
- (. .: . );
, .
XVIII . (.
.: . );
, . .
(. .: . );
, . , - (. .: . . );
, . : ? (. .: . . );
, . (. .: . . );
, . (. .: . . );

107

:
, . .
(. .: . . );
. , ,
( 18. 8) (. .: . );
, .
(. .: . ).

21 2009
: .
21 2009 . .
2008/2009
:
, . (. .: .
);
( ), . -: (. .: . . );
( ), . -53 . (. .:
. );
, .
(. .: . . );
, . (13831918 .) (. .: . );
, . ,
(. .: . ).
2008/2009 33 , 10 , 7 , 16 .

108

2008/2009



2008/2009
1.1. , : .
, ,
-

, . . , ; , ,
, ,
.
, , .
.
.
, .
. ,
, , .

. .
.
1.2. , : .
, ,
-
.
. , .

109

:
, , ,
.
, , ,
, . ,
. , , , , , , - . . . ,
, .

, ,
. ,
, .
, . , ,
.
.
.
, , , , .

. , ,
, .
, ,
.
.
, ,
, . , .
.
2.1. , : XVIII .
-
,
. -

110

2008/2009
, , ,
,
, -
.
, , , . . . ,
.
. , .
.
, , .
2.2. . .
, : XVIII .

.
, , .
, . , (,
, ). ( ,
, , , ), , .
, , , .
, , ,
, , , , .
,
, .
, , .

111

:
3.1. . . , :
,
XX . ,
, . , . .

.
, .

.
.
.
XX .
.
.
, ,
.

. . ,
, .
3.2. . . , :
. .
. .
, , ,
.
, ( ) . , , . ,
.

. -

112

2008/2009
-, : ,
. , ,
.
. .
.
. ,

, .
. 1. . 47, (XVII .), . .
XVII . , . ( XVII .)
. 2. . 50
1913 . , 1919 . 1913 . .
3. 1918 . . , 31 1918 .
, . , . .
, ,
, . , . .
.
4.
. . , : , ,

IV- . ,
, .
, , , :
(, , ), ,
, .
, ( ). :
-

113

:
, , , . :
. XX- .
, , , - , ,
. .
,
.
, (
),
V . , ( , ), IV ., ,
III ,
.
, 3- .
.
: (, ., . . ),
(
. . ). .
.
. ,
, -,
, ; -,
, .

, .
, ; , . Filioque.
, ,
. , (
, ) .
. , 7 (44),
( . . ).
, . , TLG 125; 22.

114

2008/2009
, ,
.
5.1.
, : .
, .
.
,
; , , , ,
, .
,
, .
,
.
, . :
.
. ,
.
, , .
5.2. . .
, : .

. .
,
, . ,
,
. ,
, .
, . , . .
, , -

115

:
, .
, , .
,
.
,
. , . 9 : ,
, . :
. -,
, , , - . -, ,
, ,
.
. . 10 : .
. , (
). ,
. 14: ,
1- 1812 (?!)
,
.
, - .
, , . ,
,
.

. . ,
. .
.
, , .
6. . .
, :
, -
-
. - . , , , .
, .

116

2008/2009

. .
, .
, . , .
.
. . ,
( ), .
, .
. , , . . , , .
.
7.

, :
: ?
,
-
, ,
, . ,
, , .
, . , .
. ,
, : ,
. .
, , . , , XX- ,
( , )
.
, . . .
: . ,
,
(. 50). . ,

117

:
. , , .
, , .
8. . . ,
:

. ,
, , , , ,
, , ,
, , (,
, ).
, . , , . , :
. : ,
(, . . , : 19171922 (, 2004)
).
, , .
.
, . , XX . . , ,
. . :
.

( ), . - , .
, , , , .

118

2008/2009
9.1. . . ,
: .


.

, , .
, . ,
.
,
, , .
, ,
, , .
116 ,
, ,
, , . ,
, .
,
. , .
.

.
, , .
.
9.2.
. . , : .
, , . , , , . , ,

119

:
. , . , , 2000 11 , , 70
260 .
, , . .
. .
,
.
.
, . : ,
.
, . : , , ,
(. 54).
,
.
.
, , , .
10.

, :
57 . 4 ,
, .

.
.
,
. , .
, , . , ,
, , .

.

120

2008/2009
,
XIX XX , ,
,
,
.
,
( ).
, .
, .
.
, , .
.
. ,
, . ,
, .
.
, , ,
.

: , , , , . ,
.

.
,
, . ,
.
.
11.1. . .
(), : -:
()
. -,
.

121

:
, . -, , -, , ,
- .
: , . (
, ),
, . , ,
, , . - .
. , ,
( ),
- . , .
, .
XX . ,
, ;
, , , , , .

.
11.2.

(), : -: .
() - ,
. ,
, . -
. , ,
, .
.

-

122

2008/2009
-. ,
,
(. 3). ,
. ,
.
-: 1917
. . , , . 1917 .
. . 12 :
1863 1 <> <>
II, , , II 18 1881 .
. , , - .
, -.
.
.
. ,
( , ), ,
. ,
,
, .
, , , -
. ,
.

.
12. . .
,
: I
, ,

123

:
, , , I
. ,
.
, 19171918 .,
.

, , .
, , , , ,
.
,
, ,
, .
:
, : , ?
2.1 , , .
,
.
13.
(), :
-53 .

. ,
.
, , ,
. , .
, , , :

.
, , . -

124

2008/2009
,
.

,
: 1. (, ?); 2.
(, ?); 3. (
?); 4. .
, . , , : ,
.

, 20 .
, , , .
,
, , .
,
, . 2005
2006 , . , . 61:
.
, , ()
.
14.1. . .
, : .
. , .
, , . , . , .
, .

125

:
.
, , , , . , , .
.
14.2.
, :

67 . ,
, , , . .
().
, .

, .
, ,
, -
.
, . , . . , ,
. , .
. ,
.
. , : , , .
, , , . . ,
. , .

, , (
), -

126

2008/2009
, , .

, .

. ,
.

. , ,
.
, . .
15.

, : (13831918 .).
,
. . ,
: , , .
,
.
. , ,
. , .
, ,
.
,
. , .
, , .

127

:
16.1. . .
, :
. .
(): ; ; . , ,
, .

.
.
16.2. . .
, :
. :
, ,
. , , . , , , .
,
,
, ,
, , .
. .
. , ,
. , - , : -
(. 38), ,

128

2008/2009
1904 . (
, ). . 5657 , .
. ., :
, .
.
,
.
- .
, .
, , .
17.1. . . , :
- . ,
, .
, . ,

,
.
.
.
.
. .
. , .
. . ,
, .

129

:
17.2. . . . . ,
:

. . . . , ,
: -,
. ; -, , .
, . , , ,
. ,
. - .
. . .
: , -
, .
. . . ,
-. ,
, , . .
. . . , . . .
.
18.1.

, :
,

. - 19501960 .,
.
, , .
, .

130

2008/2009
. . , -
. .
: , , , , . ;
. : , ,
.
, , , , . .
,
,
. .
18.2.
, :

1954
1964 . .
, , , . ( ) ,
.
, .
, , . , . , ,
( ).
- 19541959 ., .

131

:
1961 .,
.
, .
,
, . ,
1961 , .
. . .
.
. ,

1960- . ,
, ,
.
.
.
. 19 ,
. . . . 21 . . . , , ,
. . 44 .
. 53 , . (), , , ,
. . . , , .
.
. , , . ,
. , , .

132

2008/2009
19. () , :


,

, , .
, , , , .
.
,
. XIX
,
. , . ,
,
- , ,
.
. , , , ,
. , , ,
.
,
.
: ; , ,
. : 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4)
; 5) ,
. , .

, ,
, . . . , ,
().

133

:
20.1. . . . . , : .
(. () . . )
, .
(
. ). ,
.
. : ,
? ,
,
. , , ,
. .
20.2. . . . . , :
. (. () . . )
,
, , , ,
.
.
. (. 45 ) - . . , ,
, .
, .
. ,
. . . . . , (
. 4, 15).
, , , .
. , - .

134

2008/2009
, , 1935
, . , ,
. (. 26, 27). 2 , ,
, (. 33).
. . .
. . , ,
, . . ,
: , ,
, ,
.
.
, ,
(. 37), (. 3839), (. 4446)
. . ,
(. 74)
(. 75).
,
, , ,
, .
, , ,

, , , , , , .
. () . . . ,
, .
(), , ,
(. 81).

. . 82 . . ,
, .
. , .
(. 89).

135

:
. . , , . ,
, , ,
. .
, , ,
.
-: ,
. , , , ,
. , , (. 16), . ,
(. 38). ?
? (. 38). , , ,
?
? , ,
. , , , ,
.
-:
, (. 28), ,
, . , .

. .
-: , , 8, 9, 20, 25, 33
. ,
, , . , 209(!) ,
. ,
. , , ?
.
, , , ,
.

136

2008/2009
21. . . . . ,
:

. , - , .
, ,
1917 . . ,
XIX . , - . , , , ,
.
, , .
. . , 50 ,
, , , , ,
.
, , , ;
, , . , : <> , . XIX
XX .; XIX . , XX .
, ,
, 1971 .
1 (. 729), ,

.
:
. (), , ,
. , 1 , 2.
5 . :
, (,

137

:
,
, , , ).

, , . , , ,
. . ,
. , . , , . , .
, , .
, ,
. .
-, ( . . ,
22 ), , ,
, , . -, .
, . . ,
. .

; ,
, , , .
: , ,

. , :
Botte B. Presbyterium et Ordo episcoporum //
Irnikon. T. 29. 1956. P. 527?
, , , . ,
, - . ,
, . 12
. . () , - 1; . 78 , , ;
2
2; 5 1

. : http://science.ncstu.ru/articles/law/05/27.pdf/file_download

.: http://www.referat.ru/download/$onlftBUITtkPb$R7dajuQ!!/ref-16727.zip

138

2008/2009
3; 45 2-
. . . . ,
.
, , , , .
,
, .
3

, . // http://www. rulex.ru/01272038.htm

22. . .
. . , : XIX XX
II, - 1. , ,
. , .
- 2, II.
. .
XIX XX , ,
2- , . :
, , , , , ,
,
;
,
;
,
.
, , .
:
1

http://www.seminaria.ru/chsing/eparhsobr2006.htm

139

:
, , , ;
;
;
(. 7, 2- );
(, . 3031).
.
, : , , , . .
,
- ,
- ; , , , , ,
, .
, . ,
, .
23.1. . . . . , :

, , ,
,
. , .
, . ,
.
,
. , ,

. . .
. .

140

2008/2009
. ,
. . .
.
, .

. ,
. , .
, .
23.2. . . . . , :


- (. 6). ,
, .
,
, , .
, , , ,
, . . ,
. .
, , , . , , , , ,
. .
13 . , , , , .
, ,
, , . . ,
, .
, , , ,
, 2.2. ,
,
. , 2.4 , -, -

141

:
,
.

(
), , . . , , ,
.

.
.
, .
, . . , , , , ,
. -,
. , .
. , . , -, , , ,
. ,
, ,
, . , . .
. . ,
, . . , , , ,
.
, . ,
, .

142

2008/2009
, ,

.
. . , . ,
(

, , , ).
, , , , ,
, , .
23.3.
. . , :

, .
, ,
.
,
. ,

.

, ,
,
.
, .
, , .
, .
, ,
.

, ,
.
. . 13

143

:
, . , , ,
.
,
.
, -
. , , - .
. . 48 ,
, () , ,
. - ,
.
, <> ,
, 1905
. , . , ,
,
2002 . ( 2 . .).
. , ,
.
, , ,
. , . . 1942 (. 39), XIX . 9 1905 9 (. 47).
. , . , . ,
. , , .
24. . .
, : .
, - , .

144

2008/2009
. ,
. .
,
, .
, , . (. 56). (, , , , )
( ).
. . .
1.3 .
- . . .
, . . -,
XX .
.
, . . , .
, , . , . .

.
( ,
, ).
.
25.1. . .
. . , :
, ,
.
,
, , , ,
, .
, . , ,
, , ,
,
, .

145

:
,
, .
: , , . ,
, .
, ,
.
, , ,
, , .
25.2. . . . . , :

,
, , ,
. , .
; , . ; ,
.
, ,
, . , . , , , , , .
1- . , , . . 2-
. .
. 3- , translatio
interpretatio . . ,
. . . , -

146

2008/2009
.
.

. ,
: ,
. . . , , , ; : ,
. .
, . : translare
interpretare, .
, , .
, , .
.
:
( , , ); ,
, ,
; , ; - (32 ). , .
: , , , , .
, .
,
().
?
. 42 , . . , , , . ?
?
() , . , . . ?
, . . .

147

:
26. . . . . , :

:

-.
,
. , , , .
. .


.
, -
, ,
.
. . 63 , 2- , , , , 6 ,
,
.
, ,
, ; , . ,
.
, ,
1- , 2- .
,
.
,
. , : ,
, , , . ,
().

148

2008/2009
27.
, : XIX (), (), ()
.
, ,
. , ,
.
, . , , . -,
.

. , , .
. ,
, .
, ,
.
.
28.1.
. . . . , :
:
. ,
, - .
, 57 %
1. , ,
, .
, ,
, , . ,
, , , 2.
( ).
1

. . . 2-, . . ., 2002. . 609.

, 18 % 1998 . (.: .
. . 609).
2

149

:

. , , - , - . , .

, - .
, , ,
. . . .
. . .
- . , . .
, , ;
, , , . ,
, ,
, .
. .
. , , , ,
. , , ,
. , , . . .
. ,
- .
, .
28.2. () . . , : :


, -

150

2008/2009

,
, . ,
, , , .
.
, , : . , , ,
( -, !) ! ,
,
- , , .

. , ,
, , . , , , . ,
, .
:
,
.
: 1) ( , ,
); 3)
; 4) ; 5) ,
, (., . 20 . 10).

, ,
, . . , . . , . . . , ,
.
29.1. . . . . , : 1917 . .
90 . , .
, , .
. . , , . ,
. , -

151

:
. ,
, . . .
, ,
, , , , .
.
. . . .
.
.
, , . .
.
29.2. . . . . , :
1917 . .

1917 . .
. ( ) , ,
, , , , . , , .
. . . . . , . . . , . , , . .

, . . . , . , , ,
.
. . , , ,
.
: ,
. , .
. . .

152

2008/2009
, , ,
. . ,
. , .
, ,
. , .
-: , . . ( ) ,
. , ,
. . . , ,
. . 5,
.
,
, .
. ? , ,
? ?
-: ? (. 16) . . (. 17). , ,
? ? ? . ? ,
, . , , ,
. , . , .
. . .
( ), , ,
, . , . . 50
, . .
(. 18), . ,
, . . 47 ,
-

153

:
. ? , ? ,
, , . , , , . .
-: , , . . .
. 27, , . , . .
, , ,
,
. , .
30.1.

. . , : , ,
( 18. 8)
-. : ? ,
. .
, , , .

. , ,
, , ,
. , .
, , - ,
.

30.2.

. . , : , ,
( 18. 8)
, , , -

154

2008/2009
. , ,
, .
, . (, ,
), . ,
, .
.
, .
, ,
, . 2 1- . ?
. . 15:
? 4 1- 4- . ?
1 ,
, 27 33
. . , , ,
.
,
(., . . 30
. . 31). ,
. .
, 1. , . 19 .
8- .
- ,

, .
2 , , , ,
(?!)
. : ,
. ( . 82), ,
, , ,
. ,
. , 1993.
.

. 2.

155

:
, , (. 6).
, .
31. . . , :

- .
, , .
,
, , .
, , , .
, . . , ,
.
1- . ,
, ,
. , , , , .
2- 19802009 . , , , . ,
, .
.
, , .
, . ,
,
. . .
, , .
.
, .

156

2008/2009
, , .
, , , ,
.
, . .
32.1.
. . , :
.
. .
.

. .
, . . .
, , ,
; 130 .
, , ,
,
,
.
, , , ,
,
, , - , , , .
32.2.
. . ,
: .

. -

157

:
- . .
, ,
, , . , ,
.
. .
, , . .
, .
.
. , . ,
,
-. , ,
, .
. , , . , .
, , , . , .
.
. .

. . 2 (10). 2015, 159164

. .



:
. . . .
,
, , XVII
. . . ,
, , , XIXXXI ,
, .
, ,
, ,
XVII
XVIII .1
, ,
: . . (-,
1

. . , 2015

159

. .

. . . .
, II - , 12 2014 . 2. .
,
. . . .
( ), . . 3. .
, 1690 . 1683 .;
1693 . 1683 .

: ,
( ), ?
, - ,
16831684 ) // . -. .: , .
2011. . 10. 8. . 175186; .
(XVIIXVIII .). // . . XIV XVIII . ., 2012.
. 158172; . . XVII . :
// : - . .-. . ( 3: ). ,
2007. . 8789; . : XVII . // -. . 2. . 2011. 2. . 223237; . .
XVII // . . : - II
. .- . (, 12 2014 .). ,
2014. . 120126.
2
. ., ., . .
// . . : II - (, 12
2014 .). , 2014. . 134144.
3
. . ( XVII ) // 1964 . ., 1965. . 92101.

160

,
, .
. . . . , .
,
. , . . , . .
1980 . . . 4.
.
,
-
? ( ) ,
5 . .
. . . , ,
, , . . . . , , ,
, . . .
. . ,
1678 . , ,
6.
,
1991 .7
. 1273 1991 . .
. . // . 1980. 3. . 139140.
5
. XVII / .-.
. . , . . . , 2011.
6
.: . . //
. 347348.
7
. . //
XVIXIX . , 1991. . 2333.
4

161

. .

1678 .: 1680 ., 1679 .8 : 188 9


. 188 7188
1679 , .
, . . . , . . . . . 140
:
( ).
.
: , , , 1683
1684 ., ,
,
? ,
, ,
. , , ,
, , (1682 ., 6 ),
: ,
, , , 9 (
).
16831684 .
, ,
,
. . , 16831684 . - . , .
. . , . .. //
. 343.
9
. F.XVII.19
.: . .
, , ( ).
. . . / .
-. , 2014. . 313.
8

162


,
1686 ., ,
.
10. , , .
-
. , ,
, ,

.
,
, 1683 ., . . (
),

. . .
-
. . . , . .
, <>
6 14 . , ( . . .) ( 1600 ) (614 ), 11. ,

,
1684 .
,
.: . . 137 ( ). . 2. 29. . 116 . 117, 120.
. . 80- . XVII . // - . , 1983. . 4344;
. : . ., . . ()
XVIXVII . , 1993. . 249.

10
11

163

. .

(5500 . .).
, .
(1614 . 1606 .). , , .
1610 . (
, 1633 .
, 12). (7114 . . . 1614 . . .
71157118 . . . 16151618 . . . ).
, , ,
,
, , ,
5508 .,
.
,
( , ), 8 1683 2 1684 .
,
, . (?).
[7]193 [1694],
: [7]192 (1684) 20 .
. . .
,
. ?
!
, . .
. . , , , , ,
,
.
.: . . // . 2002. 2. . 140148, . 13.
12

164

. . 2 (10). 2015, 165169

: . .

:
. .
. . 1 2,
, , , ,
, . ,
. . , , , .
, . . .
1). . . . , , ,
.
. 1686 ., 8 1687 .3,
1682 .4

.
, . .
: . . . . // . 2015. 2 (10). . 159164.
2
. ., ., . .
// . . : II - (, 12
2014 .). , 2014. . 134144.
3
. // . .: . ., 1909. . 137; . . ., 2001. . 280281;
. . . ., 1999. . 76.
4
. . . 7677.
1

. , 2015

165

,
.
2). . . . , , , . . .
, ,
5.
( ) (
) .
. ,
.
5508 , ,
5508 . ,
55006.

, : 5500 =
. 5508 = ,
?
. 7, 8.
, XVII .
. ,
. . . ,
, , .
3). . . . , ( (.: . ., ., . . . 144; . ., . ., . .
: , , . , 2010. . 152),
, .
6
., .: . ., 06.12.1646. . 118.
7
. . - . ., 2005. . 48 ( ).
8
. . . 164.
5

166

: . .

, ),
8 1683 20 1684 .9
, , 10.
.
, : 1) ,
? 2) ? 3)
( ,
)?
, , , : ,
11. -. . . . :
() ()()(), , () () ()(), ()
<> ()() ()
() <> () ,
() : (),
() () .
, , () () ,
()() <>
() , , ()() , ()()
()() <> ()() ()()
12.
1694 . (.: . ., ., . . . 144), . . : . . . 164.
10
. . . 164.
11
. . 256. 411. . 5.
12
. . 45.
9

167

, 8 [7]191 [1683] . 20 [7]193 [1684] . 13,



(
-) . :
1675/1676 . 1680/1681 .
( 14)
- ,
, 15.
1680/1681 . 1682/1683 .16
( 17)
.
1682 . 1683 ., ,
- .
, 1684 .
. , : 1
() () () ()
() (.: . . 256. 411. . 1 ( )).
8 1683 . .: // ,
. ., 1992. . 1146, 1159. 8
11 , 1694 . .: . . 1146. , 45 (.: . . 256. 411. . 187 ( )).
10- . 1683 .
.
14
. . 256. 411. . 3 .
15
. ., ., . . . 139.
16
. . : 16751679/1680 . 1679/16801680/1681 . . .: . .
// . XVII
/ .-. . . , . . . , 2011. . 347348.
. ,
(17 1675 .).
1679 ., .
17
. . 256. 411. . 3 .
13

168

: . .

1684 . . 1685/1686 ., , , ,
( 18).
XIX .,
. 1686 ., 19. , , 20,
, ,
, , .
, , 1686 .
.
: . ,
.

. . 256. 411. . 1 .
. . : , , XVIII XIX . ( ) : , 155 , 1686 ,
. .: . . // . XVII
. . 125.
20
.: . . 125126.
18
19

SUMMARIES

BEThS. 2015. Issue 2(10), p. 1128


Hieromonk Antony (Malinsky). Some Questions Connected with the Study of the History of
the Non-possessors Movement within the Russian Church of the Late Fifteenth Early
Sixteenth Centuries
The article deals with the phenomenon of nestjazhatelnost (ungreediness) as one of the
most fundamental conditions of asceticism. This concept is recorded in a large number of
sources, including the hagiographic and patristic literature of the first millennium. In the
history of medieval Russia nestjazhatelnost received special emphasis in the tide of the
secularizing policy of the Moscow grand dukes who were seeking, basing themselves on the
views of a certain group of representatives of ascetic monasticism, to return the monastic
lands to the state funds. These views were represented by Saint Neilus of Sora and found
themselves in agreement with the patristic teaching. The study of historical sources leads
us to the conclusion that Neilus of Sora didnt participate in the polemics himself whereas
his teachings had as their object the internal monastic asceticism that required privacy and
freedom from the state power. A comparison of Neilus views with those of his later followers
authorizes us to stress the lack of correspondence of the latter both with St. Neilus or with
the patristic tradition. The most uncompromising fighter for the idea of the ungreediness
of the monasteries was the monk-prince Vassian Patrickeyev who authored several sermons
and canonic works. Being of aristocratic origin, Vassian tried to translate St. Neilus ideas to
his own social and political activities. Probably, Vassian inaugurated an oral legend that told
the then Russian noblemen about St. Neilus speech at the Moscow Council of 1503, which
contained the proposal to reject for the Russian monasteries land possession. The Letter
about nelyubki (those unloved) as a source of information about the Council in question
requires further study, including not least the issue of its authorship, since its author was
certainly influenced by Vassian or used the Vassian`s information in his presentation of the
historical details.
Keywords: history of Russia in the 16th century, non-possessors, St. Neilus (Nil) Sorsky, Vassian
Patrikeyev, Dosifey Toporkov, Vassian Koshka, legend.

BEThS. 2015. Issue 2(10), p. 2939


Andrey V. Shamanaev. The Project of a Christian Museum in Sevastopol, Chersonesos, in the
Second Half of the 70-es of the 19th Century
The article is devoted to the problem of the formation of the museum organization principles
in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The author analyses the letter by Alexandre
L. Berthier Delagarde (a military engineer, archaeologist, and a numismatist) to Nicholas N.
Murzakevich (the then vice-President of the Odessa Society of History and Antiquities, an archaeologist and a manager of science) from the collection of the Manuscript Division of the

170

Institute of Russian Literature (the Pushkin House). The document contains an analysis of a
project of establishing an ecclesiastical and archaeological Christian Museum (which would
be situated at Sevastopol, Chersonesos). There were some attempts at the foundation of the
museum. The first of them took place in the early 50-es of the 19th century. It was connected with the activities of the Archbishop of Kherson and Tauride Innokentij. The St. Vladimir
monastery was established as a part of the Russian Athos project. The establishment of the
museum was a common effort by the monks and the members of Odessa Society of History
and Antiquities. The collection consisted of the artifacts dating back to the Medieval period
of Crimean Christianity. They were excavated at Chersonesos site. The special building was
planned for finds exposition it was styled after a medieval church. A. Berthier Delagarde has
analyzed aesthetic, historical, economic and museological aspects of the project. He has criticized both the location of the museum on the site and the idea of an unscientific stylization. He
believed that Sevastopol or Odessa museums were more suitable for a Christian exposition.
As alternative, A. Berthier Delagarde has suggested an ordinary house or the basilica which
had been scientifically reconstructed on the Chersonesos site. Thus the document describes
the characteristic features of the late 19th-century approach of the Russian archeologists to
the foundation and activity of such a museum, i. e., towards its publicity, accessibility, costeffectiveness, a correspondence between the exposure profile and the artistic and historical
image of the museum building.
Keywords: history of Christian archeology, Christian and archeological museums, history of archeology, Alexandre Bertier-Delagarde, Nicholas Murzakevich, Crimea, Chersonesos.

BEThS. 2015. Issue 2(10), p. 4050


Priest Alexander Mazyrin. On a failed attempt to find the truth before the Patriarch of Constantinople and his Moscow representative in the late 20-es of the 20th century
The article is dedicated to a particular yet rather symptomatic episode in the relations between
the Russian and Constantinopolitan Churches, in the center of which turned up to be a simple
village priest from the Russian countryside. Hieromonk Sophrony (Nesmeyanov) came to
Moscow from the Saratov diocese in December 1927 with the aim to visit the Provisional
Patriarchal Holy Synod around the locum tenens of the Patriarch of Moscow, Metropolitan
Sergius (Stragorodsky), and to make certain that the Moscow Patriarchate held relations with
the Eastern Patriarchates. It came to pass that at the very moment of his visiting the Synod
the Moscow representative of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Archimandrite Basileios
(Demopoulos), who was an honorary member of the false synod of the Church renewers
(obnovlentsy), arrived there. So the Greek archimandrite had to give a written answer to
hieromonk Sophronys direct question; that answer was at odds with the pro-renewers attitude
both of the Constantinopolitan Patriarchate and of his own. Father Basileios affirmed that
Metropolitan Sergius and his Synod were in communion with all the Eastern Patriarchates,
while the Ecumenical Patriarchate did not recognize either married bishops, or secondmarried clergy. This did not prevent either Demopoulos himself from sitting in one assembly
with the married false bishops of the renewers, or some Patriarchs of Constantinople from
holding a warm correspondence with that false synod. Hieromonk Sophrony had tried to

171

make that answer public, which entailed a quick reaction on behalf of the renewers and of
the United State Political Department (OGPU), i.e., the secret political police which backed
them). Father Sophrony was imprisoned, while Father Basileios publicly renounced from his
statement which was found to be unfavourable for the dissenters. Before his imprisonment
hieromonk Sophrony had managed to send a request to the Patriarch of Constantinople Basil
III himself, but that letter remained unanswered. Patriarch Basil III stood then up in all ways
possible for the union between the patriarchal Church in Russia, on the one hand, with the
graceless renewed pseudo-ecclesiastical community, on the other. From his standpoint, the
Holy Synod of the renewers (obnovlentsy) and the Moscow Patriarchate were absolutely
equal in honour, so he saw no obstacles for convening their common synod. Such a position
of the Patriarchate of Constantinople was determined not by ecclesiastical considerations, but
by political ones. So Phanar showed up one more time its full unscrupulousness in what his
willingness to support the renewers schism in Russia was concerned, and the Russian Orthodox
Church has acquired one more holy martyr in the person of the hieromonk Sophrony.
Keywords: The Russian Orthodox Church, the dissension of those who tried to renew
the Church (obnovlentsy), the Patriarchate of Constantinople, the holy martyr Sophrony (Nesmeyanov).

BEThS. 2015. Issue 2(10), p. 5164


Natalia V. Anufriyeva. The Apocalyptic Image of the Archangel Michael in the Russian
Tradition and its Reflection in the Iconography of the Nizhny Tagil Manuscript.
The paper provides the analysis of the early 18th-century engrossed manuscript from
the book collection of the Nizhny Tagil memorial estate The Mining Urals. The manuscript
contains explanatory Apocalypse and a fragment of the Legend of Archangel Michael. This
structure of the manuscript represents the uniform conceptual complex narrating about the
Second Coming of Jesus Christ, the events preceding this coming and the following Judge of
Quick and Dead. Such combination of the two eschatological monuments in the uniform code
is characteristic for early and fairly rare copies of the Apocalypse of the 17th beginning of
the 18th centuries. Such type of translation was later termed Chudovsky translation by the
famous Russian booklore researcher, Fedor I. Buslayev.
The article identifies the source of the literary monument treating about the Archistratige
Michael as an early Byzantine work, which was later to be included in the Great Menaion
Reader by Metropolitan Macarius. Also the author justifies the reason of its combination with
the explanatory Apocalypse. The author considers and analyses those basic prototypes of the
Archangel Michael iconography of eschatological character which were rooted in Byzantine
art and therefore reflected in iconography and fresco painting. The following subject of the
study is the formation history of the iconographic edition Chudovsky translation". The
research itself is based on the detailed analysis of the miniatures of the Archangel Michael
Legend (from the Nizhny Tagil copy) in terms of their supplementation and interaction with
the Apocalypse miniatures.
The article provides the table, which shows some specific features of the structure of
the Nizhny Tagil copy miniatures by comparing this monument with the other Chudovsky
Translation copies possessing the similar structure.

172

The author comes to the conclusion that the Nizhny Tagil copy enriches our views
on the development of Russian engrossed Apocalypse manuscript iconography. Subsequent
Chudovsky Translation copies demonstrate the same tradition of combining the text
with the iconography of the two eschatological compositions. The copy also allows us to
track down the sources of the Russian apocalyptic book iconography which began to take a
definitive shape in the second half of the 16th century.
Keywords: culture, book and hand-written tradition, Apocalypse, Archangel Michael,
eschatology, iconography, miniature, Chudovsky translation, edition, varieties of Church
Slavonic.

BEThS. 2015. Issue 2(10), p. 65105


Irina V. Pochinskaya. The Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery Obikhodnik from the Ural Federal
University Laboratory of Archival Research (LAR).
The paper analyzes the Cellarers Obikhodnik (16251628) from the Kirillo-Belozersky
(St. Cyrils White Lake) Monastery. Those monks who were elected to the position of a cellarer
were responsible for many things. They had to remember numerous arrangements and
traditions, including a lot of figures and numbers, so they used to keep obikhodniks, viz., the
books where they logged the necessary information. These books have some typical common
features, but each of them possesses its specific characteristics. It makes each Obikhodnik a
unique source. Historiography considers 11 obikhodniks dated back to the the second half of
the16th the 30-es of the 17th centuries. Thus, the copy kept in LAR became the 12th in this
batch. The article compares the LAR copy with other everyday books dated back to the late
16th century and up to the 30-es of the 17th century.
The Obikhodnik section devoted to the reception of Archbishop Cornelius of Komel
and Perm on January 16, 1622 characterizes the monastery relations with the neighboring
diocese. Some original entries of the Obikhodnik show the definitive role of the monastery
in the spiritual life of the Russian aristocracy in the early 17th century. They demonstrate the
monastery having received some rules of particular high-ranking persons. The major part of
the Obikhodnik is the section called A Cellarers Reminder, which contains the information
about quantitative and qualitative structure of the food rationing for various purposes. The
structure of entries in this section is variable. The Reminder section of the LAR Obikhodnik
consists mostly of entries typical for all the known obikhodniks, several sections being
available only in the Book of 15931594. The number of entries taken from the Book of 1595
1601 is significant. Some entries are original and are available only in this copy. They couldnt
be traced to older books and were not to be rewritten in the later ones. Thus while comparing
the UrFU LAR Obikhodnik with the books dated back to the second half of the 16th the
30-es of the 17th centuries, the author establishes the degree of its typological uniformity, on
the one hand, and its originality, on the other, and gives its academic description. The article
also provides the photocopy of the Book.
Keywords: Kirillo-Belozersky (The White Lake St. Cyril) Monastery, record keeping
documentation, cellarers, monastic economy, cellarers Obikhodnik.


(), , C . E-mail: priest-anatoly@rambler.ru

. . . (. ). E-mail: lai@usu.ru
,
, , ,
- (. ).
E-mail: am@pstbi.ru
, , , , . . .
(. ). E-mail: mangilev_petr@mail.ru
, - (. ).
E-mail: mudrova@cbibl.uran.ru
, ,
. . . (. ). E-mail: lai@usu.ru
,
.
. . (. ). E-mail: shamanaev@mail.ru

. . 2(10). 2015

4

()
( 406-12/2011R)
,
().

7742826 01 2010 .

2016 .

.
: 93623.

, : vestnik@epds.ru

:
. :
:

. . , . .
. ()

:
:

. . , . .
. .

-
-
: 620026, . , . , . 57
./: +7 (343) 311-99-41
E-mail: vestnik@epds.ru

38

/ - . , 2015. . 2(10). 176 .: . .



,
, ,
,
. , , ,
, .
27-1(051)
86.37

ISSN 2224-5391

7742826 01 2010 .
: 15.07.2015 . 70100/16
. . .
Minion Pro
. . . . 14,3
500 . 5408




-
620026, . , . , 57.
vestnik@epds.ru

. , . , 35-, . 2.
: (343) 362-91-16, 362-91-17


. 2016. , , IV - . . ,
100- .
:
t
t
t
t
t
t
,
- .
( 1 2015 .) . (),
, , , , , , .
: 1) [], , , ; 2)
,
, e-mail ( )
; 3) ; 4)
500 , ,
, ; 5) 57 , ,
; 6) (

12 . (0,3 )
), Times New Roman 12 .
RTF.
. (epds.ru) ().
.
, . . . .

.
: 620026, . , .
, 57; : conf@epds.ru
.+7(343) 311-99-41.
, , . 15 .


, .
... E-mail: petroff@petroff.ru
. .



, , ,
. : ,
, , .
.
: (-),
, , , ,
.

1.
,

-, 2. 3
. . . , 1893. 322
.; .. (XVIII XX .) // . URL: http://www.sati.archaeology.nsc.ru/Home/pub/Data/
LARYCH/ ?html=Shub.htm&id=1330 ( : 12.08.2011).
2
. . . XVII . .I. .,1995. .30213; .. .. //
(). .3 (XVII .) .2. .
.,1993. .2631.
3
. ., . ., .
//
. 2011. . 2. . 185206.
1


:
, , , ( )



E-mail


ISSN 2224-5391

9 772224 539000

15002