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..

--

2016

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

811.11136(07)
81.2-9
8032
54
54

..
/ .. . / : ,
2016. 110, [1] . ( ).

ISBN 9785222243299
.
, , , , .
, . , .
, , , .
811.11136(07)
81.2-9
ISBN 9785222243299

.. , , 2014
: , 2015

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


.
:
1) (the Innitive);
2) (the Participle);
3) (the Gerund).
, , , , , ,
. .


(1- );
-,
(2- );
-
,
(3- )

, ()


I read/you read/he reads.
/ /
.

We are students/I am
a student.
/ .

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.
(
), (
) (
, )



(, , ,
)


Peter always gets up
at 7 oclock.
7
().
Sit down, please. ,
().
I wish I were you.

().
I am/was/will be a student.
(/
).

:
, ,
.


,
,
(),

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,
,
.


:
( )
()



,
Indenite
Continuous,
Perfect Perfect Continuous.
Perfect:
has spoken
has been speaking
had spoken
had been speaking
will have spoken
will have been speaking
would have spoken
would have been speaking
Non-Perfect:
speaks
is speaking
spoke
was speaking


.



,

():
I am glad to see you
(
).
.
I am glad to have seen you
( ).
,
().

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(The Continuous Innitive)
: to be + Participle I
Peter seems to be watching us. , .
The Continuous Innitive :


Mary may be doing her homework
now. ,
.
Peter cant be painting the fence.
I met him at Marys half an hour ago.
,
.
.
Tom must be coming by plane.
, .
You shouldnt be watching
TV. You should be doing your
homework.
. .
10

The Continuous Innitive


,

,
.

must, may, can the Continuous
Innitive
, ,
,

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to appear,
to happen, to pretend, to seem

to hope
to promise, ()
to agree,
to arrange,
to decide,
to determine,
to be determined,
to plan,
to undertake

Peter seems to be living in this


village. ,
.
Peter seemed to be living in that
village. ,
.
I hope to be living in London next
year.
.
I plan to be living in London
next year.
.
I promise to be working hard.
.
I am determined to be working hard.
.

The Continuous Innitive


,

,
to appear, to happen,
to pretend, to seem
to determine,
to be determined, to plan
to hope
(
).
to agree, to arrange,
to decide, to determine, to be
determined, to plan, to undertake

to promise (
)

to believe,
Peter is believed to be living in
to consider, to suppose, to think, London. ,
etc.
.
11

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II :

to stop stopped

to omit omitted

l,

l ,

to expel expelled,
to travel travelled

(
) -r

to stir stirred,
to occur occurred

-ed y
i,

to carry carried

-y

-d

to arrive arrived

-e

! to play played

86

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II (3- ),
(the Innitive, the Past Indenite).
II
. ,
().
II ;
.
.

II

; a broken vase ;
II
This is a neatly kept house.

.

,
; the vase broken into pieces ,
;
Things done are more important than things

spoken about. , , ,
, .
87

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.................................................................3
I. (The Innitive) ...................................8

(The Continuous Innitive).....................................10
(The Perfect Innitive) .... 12
-
(The Perfect Continuous Innitive) ........................16
................17
................................26
(The Complex Object) .......28
(The Complex Subject) ....36
for
(The For-to-Innitive Construction) .......................40
.................41
to .........42
to ....47
to .................48

..........................................................49
too, enough
and so... as ...............................................................50
II. (The Gerund) ......................................53
.............54


.....................................................55
......................56

.........................................60

......65
III. (The Participle)...............................75
I (The Participle I) ...............................76
I .................78
II (The Participle II) .............................85
II ................87
,
II .................................90

(The Perfect Participle Active)................................92

(The Participle I Passive) ........................................93

(The Perfect Participle Passive) ..............................94
IV.
(The Irregular Verbs) ................................................95

.........................................98

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