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2016

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373.167.1:811.111
81.2-92
441
31

31

, .
. / . / : , 2015. 94 . (
).
ISBN 978-5-222-25727-2

. ,
, . , . , ,
.

,
.

ISBN 978-5-222-25727-2

373.167.1:811.111
81.2-92

., , 2015
, , 2015

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


a/an
A ,
: a book, a bird.
An ,
: an eye, an apple.
A/an

A/an

This is a cat.
! These are cats ( , ..
cats
).
I see a very beautiful house.
The house belongs to Jack Smith (
).
I am a student.
He is a businessman.
She is a housewife.
He is a man of courage.

A/an
(
)
A/an
A dog has a tail (
- ).

A car has four wheels ( ).
A/an ,
,

A/an +

I go to school 3 times a/per week.


I never drive over 60 miles an/per hour.
Please, give me a pound of carrots.
I usually do my shopping 4 times a week.
I have a splendid idea.
I live in a big city.
Thats a pretty hat you are wearing!
A/an What a beautiful dress!
- I have never met such a clever student in
, my life!
such, rather, He is rather a nice man.
It is quite a remarkable fact.
quite
He gave me such an interesting book.
3

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A/an : there is;


it/this is; I have; etc.
A/an
to take,
to give, to have

There is a beautiful vase on the table.


This is a pen.
I have a dog.
It is a nice place to live in.
to take a shower
to have a free hand
to give a start of something
to have a look of somebody
-,

the
The / /

Courage is a special kind of knowledge; the


knowledge of how to fear what ought to be
feared and how not to fear what ought not to
be feared. David Ben-Gurion (
).
These are sandwiches. The sandwiches are
tasty ( ).
The Ive just read a book. The book is about

animals.
The , - Give me the handbag, please! It is on the
, - sofa ( ).
/
Close the door, please!
The - The dress I bought yesterday fits me well.
- The film I watched last week is very

thought-provoking.
The The sun, the moon, the universe, the sky,
the world, etc.

The - You are the first to come.
(the first / ).
+ You are the prettiest girl in the world.
The , - The English often grumble about the
, - weather.
: the poor, the old, The Assembly of the Russian Nobility is a
the French, the Republicans, etc. non-political organization.
4

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The - In the morning (), in the afternoon



(), in the evening (), to the
right/left (/), on the whole
( ), in the beginning (), in
the course of time ( ),
in the long run ( ), etc.
Where is the? ?
:
, , , , the Thames, the Main ();
, - the Caspian Sea, the Mediterranean ();
, ,
the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean
();
the Alps, the Himalayas, the Urals (
);
the Sahara ();
the Alaska Peninsula, the Crimea [kram:]
()
the United States of America, the Russian
Federation, the United Kingdom of Great
,
Britain, the Dominican Republic, the
: state,
republic, kingdom, federation Netherlands, the Philippines, the Antarctic
:
,
, ,

, , , , ,
,

the Smiths, the Browns


the Ritz-Carlton, the Titanic, the Times
the Kremlin, the British Museum, the
Covent Garden, the Bolshoi Theater, the
NASA, the Cavalli Restaurant and Lounge

I like apples.
Dogs are the best friends and
companions.

+ Open page 5, please!



5

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/
+

This is my house ().


Johns book is so exciting.

+ - Those children are so smart.

Look at that boy who is standing over


there.

I detest violence ().


I like white wine ().
Knowledge is power ().
When there is life, there is hope ().
What fine weather! (weather a/an)

, ,

On Sunday I usually have my day off.


I am going to the USA in July.
It often snows in winter.

I speak English fluently.


! The English language
Physics is my favorite subject at
school.

Good morning, children!

My dream is to study at Oxford


University.

For breakfast/supper/dinner/lunch (
///); at night/
noon (/ ); to go home
by car/bus ( /
); to learn by heart (
); on business ( );
at home/work (/ ); to
watch TV ( ), etc.

:
, , ,

Wall Street, Fifth Avenue, Trafalgar


Square,
! The Strand, the Mall
Hyde park, Tower Bridge
6

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, , ,

,
,

London, New York, Paris, Tokyo


Australia, Athens (! The Hague
)
Colorado, California (); Latin
America, Europe
! The Arctic, the Antarctic, the Far
East, the Middle East
Cyprus, Greenland, Sakhalin,
Kamchatka, Alaska, Lake Baikal, Lake
Victoria
Mont Blanc, Everest, Elbrus

:
,

John, Mary, Sam

/ +
, +
, :
,

Mr. Smith, Dr. Brown


Aunt Mary, Uncle Tom, Admiral
Nelson
Buckingham Palace, St. Pauls
Cathedral
London Heathrow Airport,
Victoria Station

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, ,
, . -s/-es. .
1) N () + -s: : bags, books.
2) N+ -es: (-s, -ss, -x, sh, -ch, -tch): branches, bushes, watches, boxes, bridges.
3) N + -ies:
, : copy => copies, lady => ladies.
4) N + -s: ,
: zoo => zoos, day => days.
5) N + -es: -, : potato => potatoes, tomato => tomatoes
(O! Pianos, photos).
6) N + -ves: -f/-fe: knife
=> knives, thief => thieves, life => lives (! Chiefs, roofs, safes).
:
Man => men
Woman => women
Child => children
Foot => feet
Goose => geese
Tooth => teeth

Mouse => mice


Ox => oxen
Sheep => sheep
Deer => deer
Fish => fish
Crisis => crises

Basis => bases


Phenomenon =>
phenomena
Analysis => analyses

7) , -ese, -ss,
: the
Chinese (), the Japanese (), the Swiss (),
the Portuguese ().
8) ! :
Italian => Italians
German => Germans
Roman => Romans
Russian => Russians

Englishman => Englishmen


Frenchman => Frenchmen
Sister-in-law => sisters-in-law
Housewife => housewives
8

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8) , :
Hair (): Your hair looks fabulous today!
Money (): Money is tight.
Time (): Time is precious.
Information (, ): Your personal information is valuable.
Weather (): The weather is fine today.
Politics (): Politics is the art of the possible.
Knowledge (): Knowledge is power.
: Physics, Phonetics, Mathematics, Statistics, etc.:
Mathematics is my favorite subject at school.
News (): No news is good news.
Advice (): Your advice is always welcome = your pieces of
advice are always welcome.
Furniture (): Modern furniture is designed to meet the needs
of any exacting customer.
Progress (): How is your progress so far?
Fruit (): Fruit is healthy.
! I like bananas, apples, oranges and other fruits (
).
9) , :
Clothes (): Your clothes are so smart and stylish.
Goods (): The goods are not available at the moment.
Scissors (): The scissors are sharp. Be careful! Dont cut
yourself with them.
Glasses (): Glasses are not only correct vision but also play the
role of a fashion accessory.
Jeans/trousers/shorts/tights (///):
My favorite jeans are Calvin Klein.
People (): Many people are fond of sports.
Police (): Dallas police are looking for a man who robbed
the store.
! people
, .
10) , : the poor,
the French, the sick, the rich, etc.: The poor are being taken care of by
our volunteers.
9

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some, any, no, every

SOME

ANY

NO

EVERY

Somewhere
(-,
-)

Anywhere ( / - Nowhere
; - (,
; , / )
)

Everywhere
(,
)

Somebody
(-,
-)

Anybody (- - Nobody
; ; ()
)

Everybody
()

Something
(-,
-)

Anything (- - Nothing
; ; , ()
)

Everything
()

Someone
(-,
-)

Anyone (- - No one
; - ()
; )

Everyone
()

Some
1. Some :
1) :
There are some letters for you, Mr. Smith. , .
2)
-:
I am looking for some gala dress. (-) .
3) C
, :
Give me some juice, please. , ,
.
10

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catch up with , Tom had to work hard to catch up with
his studies. ,
.
come across , I came across my best friend at the su
permarket yesterday. .
come along
, Mary decided to come along with me
-
to the theater. .
come back

When will you come back?


?
The price came down. come down
, ; .
come down
-
Mary has come down with pneumowith
nia.
.
come out
, - Do you mind if well come out to the

restaurant tonight?
,
?
come up
At last I managed to come up with
(with)
,
her. - .
call on
-, Ill be happy if you call on me one

day. ,
.
call back

Could you call back in a while?


?
drop out (of) ,
She dropped out of school at the age
(, )
of 15. 15 .
get along
, People cant get along without food
(with)
; and water. .
They will get along with each other.
.
66

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get down (to) ,



get off
( , ..)

get over

get rid of

get through
with

get up
give away

give back

give up

go away

Lets get down to work.


.
Where do we get off at? We can get
off the bus at the next bus stop.
?
.
,
John was badly wounded but he got
, over it. ,
-
.
Our company managed to borrow
cheaply to get over the difficulty.

, .
/ To succeed you should get rid of your
-
accent. ,
.
If you get through with the article in
,
time, John will be indebted to you.
, .
You need work hard to pass your exams successfully. ,
.
, I usually get up at 10 a.m.

10 .
, Please, dont give my secrets away. I

trust you. , . .
, Every time he borrows money from
;
me, he never gives it back.
,
.
,
I gave up smoking last year.
-;
.

Dont give up without even trying.


, .
,
Lets go away this weekend! - .
67

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................................................................................................3
a/an ..................................................3
the........................................................4
............................................................................5
................................................................................8
..................................................................8
.....................................................................................10
some, any, no, every ..............10
Much / many, little / a little, few / a few .......................................12
Either, neither, both .......................................................................13
....................................................................................15
..................................................15
.........................................................15
.................................................................................17
..........................................17
..............................................................................................19
.......................................................26
........................................................................44
..................................................................................45
........................................................................47
There is/There are ...............................................................................50
.....................................................................51
...........................................51
.............................................52
...........................................................................53
.....................................................................62
.............................................................................66
.............................................................................73
..................................................................................................75

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