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MSM07G8_RESBK_Ch10_037-044.

pe 2/6/06 10:31 AM Page 38

Name Date Class

LESSON Practice B
10-5 Independent and Dependent Events
Determine if the events are dependent or independent.
1. choosing a tie and shirt from the closet independent
2. choosing a month and tossing a coin indeendent
3. rolling two fair number cubes once, then rolling them
again if you received the same number on both number
cubes on the first roll deendent
An experiment consists of rolling a fair number cube and
tossing a fair coin.
1
4. Find the probability of getting a 5 on the number cube and tails 
on the dime. 12
1
5. Find the probability of getting an even number on the number 
4
cube and heads on the dime.
1
6. Find the probability of getting a 2 or 3 on the number cube and 
heads on the dime. 6
A box contains 3 red marbles, 6 blue marbles, and 1 white
marble. The marbles are selected at random, one at a time, and
are not replaced. Find the probability.
7. P(blue and red) 8. P(white and blue) 9. P(red and white)
1 1 1
  0.2  ⬇ 0.066
苶  ⬇ 0.033

5 15 30
10. P(red and white and 11. P(red and red and 12. P(red and blue and
blue) blue) blue)
1 1 1
  0.025   0.05   0.125
40 20 8
13. P(red and red and 14. P(white and blue 15. P(white and red
red) and blue) and white)
1 1
  0.00833
苶   0.0416

120 24 0

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38 Holt Mathematics
MSM07G8_RESBK_Ch10_080-099.pe 2/6/06 10:48 AM Page 88

LESSON Reading Strategies LESSON Puzzles, Twisters & Teasers


10-4 Draw Conclusions 10-4 That’s Odd!
Theoretical probability describes what might be expected to Using the chart, write the probability for each outcome as a
happen in an event. It helps you draw conclusions. fraction. Unscramble the letters to answer the riddle. The
number of ways an event can occur fractions under the riddle will give you hints to get you started.
Probability(event)  
total number of events
When you flip a coin, there are two possible events. 1
HTT Probability:  E Penny Dime Quarter Outcome
land on heads 4
1 H H H HHH
land on tails THT Probability:  O
8 H H T HHT
You have a 1 out of 2 chance for each.
1 H T T HTT
1 1 
P(heads)  2 P(tails)  2 TTT Probability: 8 P
H T H HTH
These events have the same probability, so you can draw the 1
HHT Probability:  F T H H THH
conclusion that they are equally likely to occur. 4
T H T THT
1
A number cube has six faces. The numbers on the six faces are HHH Probability:  A T T H TTH
8
2, 3, 4, 2, 3, and 4. Answer the following about this number cube. 1 T T T TTT
6 TTH Probability:  S
1. How many ways can the number cube land? 4
2 ways 1
2. How many ways can you get a 2 on the cube?
HTH Probability:  R
2 1 8
 or  1
3. What is P(rolling a 2)? 6 3 THH Probability:  K
4
4. How many ways can you get an even number? 4 ways
4 2 TH Probability: 0 C
 or 
5.What is P(rolling an even number)? 6 3
THHT Probability: 0 Y
6. Can you conclude that P(rolling a 2) and P(rolling an even
number) are equally likely to occur? Explain.
2
No: The probability of rolling a 2 is  and the probability of rolling of an
6
4
even number is .
6 What did the boy do when he wanted to see time fly?
7. What can you conclude about rolling an even number or an odd number? He dropped his clock

You are more likely to roll an even number than an odd number. O F F A
1 1
 
8 4

S K Y S C R A P E R
1 1 1 1 1 1
  0 0    
4 4 8 8 8 4

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.


All rights reserved. 35 Holt Mathematics Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
36 Holt Mathematics

LESSON Practice B
10-5 Independent and Dependent Events
Name Date Class
Determine if the events are dependent or independent.

Practice A 1. choosing a tie and shirt from the closet independent


LESSON
10-5 Independent and Dependent Events 2. choosing a month and tossing a coin independent
Determine if the events are dependent or independent.
3. rolling two fair number cubes once, then rolling them
1. drawing a card from a deck of cards and tossing a coin again if you received the same number on both number
cubes on the first roll dependent
independent
2. drawing two cards from a regular deck of cards and not An experiment consists of rolling a fair number cube and
replacing the first tossing a fair coin.
1
4. Find the probability of getting a 5 on the number cube and tails 
dependent on the dime. 12
1
3. spinning a number on a spinner and drawing a marble from a 5. Find the probability of getting an even number on the number 
container 4
cube and heads on the dime.
independent 1
6. Find the probability of getting a 2 or 3 on the number cube and 
heads on the dime. 6
4. drawing two red marbles without replacement from
a container of red and blue marbles A box contains 3 red marbles, 6 blue marbles, and 1 white
marble. The marbles are selected at random, one at a time, and
dependent are not replaced. Find the probability.
An experiment consists of spinning each spinner once. Find 7. P(blue and red) 8. P(white and blue) 9. P(red and white)
the probability. For each spin, all outcomes are equally likely. 1 1 1
  0.2  ⬇ 0.066
苶  ⬇ 0.033

5. P(A and 2) 6. P(D and 1) 5 15 30
2 1
1 1
 ⬇ 0.083
苶   0.125 1 2 10. P(red and white and 11. P(red and red and 12. P(red and blue and
12 8 blue) blue) blue)
3 1
1 1 1
7. P(B and 3) 8. P(B and 1 or 3)   0.025   0.05   0.125
40 20 8
1 1
 ⬇ 0.0416
苶  ⬇ 0.166

24 6 13. P(red and red and 14. P(white and blue 15. P(white and red
D A red) and blue) and white)
9. P(C and 1 or 2) 10. P(A and not 1)
1 1
5 1 C B   0.00833
苶   0.0416

 ⬇ 0.2083
苶   0.125 120 24 0
24 8
11. Georgiana wants to toss three coins and get
all heads. What is the probability of tossing
3 coins and getting 3 heads?
1
  0.125
8
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
All rights reserved. 38 Holt Mathematics

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.


All rights reserved.
88 Holt Mathematics