Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

s c

..
..

--

2016

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

ufl 373.167.1:53
ccl 22.372
ltl 444
e85

85
e85

e .o.



/ .. /,
.. .

v


.o. e,
j.o. d.

j.
4-. /
r
/f : v,
: .

5-
.

: ,
2016. 2014.
189
. 185
: ..
(
(c ).
).

ISBN 978-5-222-26246-7
978-5-222-22484-7
ISBN
d , ,
. q ,
.
q , , , ,
.

ISBN 978-5-222-26246-7
978-5-222-22484-7

ufl 373.167.1:53
ccl 22.372

t: e .o., d j.o., 2011


p: ppp v, 2013

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.
1.1.


.


; = const; a = 0.
:
S = x x0,
x, x0 .
:
  
r = x x 0.

S = r = x x 0
.
0

. 1



r
=
,
t


r ;
t , .


r.
:



r 
= lim = lim
= r (t ),
t 0
t 0 t


;
.
3

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


S
,
t
S ;
t , .
=

x
x =x=x
x00 -V
+ tt

S = t
S = t
= const

x0

S
0

. 2

. .
.


( ):
  
= 1 + 2 ,


;

1 ;

2
.

a = const.

 
 0
a=
, 2 ,
t

4

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.

 
0 ;
t ,
.
:


at 2
 
x = x 0 + 0t +
.
2
:
 

= 0 + at.



a = const; const; a > 0.
:
x = x 0 + 0t +

at 2
.
2

:
S = 0t +

at 2
.
2

:
= 0 + at.

 
: 0 > 0, a > 0, . . 0 , a
.

2
2
x x=x+v
= x00 + 0t+at
0t + at
/2 /2

=0 0 + at

ax

X0
0

ax = const > 0

. 3

- www.phoenixbooks.ru




a = const; const; a < 0.
:
x = x 0 + 0t

at 2
.
2

:
S = 0t

at 2
.
2

:
= 0 at.


:

0 > 0, a < 0, . . 0

, a .

ax
x

x = x0 + 0t at2/2

= 0 at

x0

t
ax = const < 0

S
a
0

. 4


:
g = 9, 81

.
2
.
g < 0 ;
g > 0 .

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.



gt 2
 
y = y 0 + 0t +
.
2

,
0
0 = 0
H

. 5

g
0

0 0

y = y 0 + 0t +

(S = h)

h = 0t +

0 = 0
gt 2
2

gt 2
2

y = y0 +
h=

gt 2
2

gt 2
2

= 0 + gt

= gt

2 20 = 2gh

2 = 2gh

,
y

0 = 0

hmax

. 6

:
y = y 0 + 0t

gt 2
.
2

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

(S = h):
h = 0t

gt 2
2

0 0

0 = 0

= 0 gt

t max =

0
g

2 20 = 2gh

h max =

20
2g

,
0

X
x
h

. 7

tg =
y

y
x

(0x = 0).
Y (0y = 0) W.

 

= x + y.

x = 0.

y = gt.

= 02 + g 2 t 2 .

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.

:
x = x 0 + 0t; y = y 0 +

gt 2
.
2

(S = h):
S = 0t; h =

gt 2
.
2

:
x = 0 ; y = gt.
,
Y

0y

0 y
x

0x

0y

h
S

hm

0x

. 8
(0x = 0cos).
Y (0y = 0sin).
hmax .
hmax .

x = x 0 + 0 t cos

y = y 0 + 0 sin t

S = 0 t cos

h = 0 sin t

x = 0 x = 0 cos

gt 2
2

gt 2
2

y = 0 sin gt

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

= 02 2gh

t =

0 sin
g

h max =

02 sin 2
2g

S max =

02 sin 2
g

t = t =

t =

0 sin
g

2 0 sin
g


M1
R

M2

. 9

:
=

n 1 =
;

t c
10

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.

n ;
t , .
.
t
, [c];
n
t
1
2
T = T = T =
.
n


T=


,
,
t
c

;
t .
2 n

= 2 = .
t
t

=

2 R
;
T

=

S
,
t

S = 2R ;
t = T .
2 R
= 2R =
T
.
:
= R.
. ,
(
):
2
R
a = 2R, = 42 2R.
a=

11

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

, , :

2 R
T

= 2 Rv
=

2 Rn
t

= R


2
T

= 2 v
=


2

a=

2
R

a = 2R

2 n
t

a =

a = 4 2v 2 R

a=

4 2 n 2 R
t2

a = 2 v

1.2. .

:


F = 0, = const.
,

,
.
( )


p=m
,

m ;
.
12

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


1. ......................................................................................... 3
1.1. .................................................................................... 3
1.2. . .......................12
1.3. ..........................................................................22
1.4. .....................................................................30
1.5. . .
............34
1.6. ..............................................................39
2. ................................43
2.1. -
..............................................................................................43
2.2. .............................................................48
2.3. .
. .
.................................................................56
3. .......................................................62
3.1. ...........................................................................62
3.2. .........................................................69
3.3. .................................................73
3.4. ...........................................................................88
3.5. ......................................................99
4. ...................................................................103
4.1. .........................................................103
4.2. ................................................................108
4.3. ............................................................................................109
4.4. .
................................................ 110
4.5. ........................................................ 116
5. ..........................................................................................121
5.1. ............................................................121
5.2. ................................................................127
188

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

5.3. .......................................................................136
5.4. ......................................145
6. ......................................................................149
6.1. - ..........................................149
6.2. . ..................................................150
6.3. ............................................................................151
7. ..............................................................158
7.1. . . ...............158
7.2. . ..............160
7.3. .............................................................161
7.4. ...............................................164
7.5. . ..............165
7.6. ......................................................................166
7.7. . . .............168
7.8. .
................................................................170
.....................................................................................176
..........................................................................187

189

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

24.07.2015.
84108/32. . 2.
2500 . .

344011, . --, . , 150


./: (863) 261-89-50, 261-89-75
: www.phoenixrostov.ru
-: www.phoenixbooks.ru

- www.phoenixbooks.ru