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ShortNotes
Writtenbyadmin | May11,2015 | CommentsOffonShortNotes

ElectricCurrentandOhmsLaw
MultipleChoiceQuestionsofElectricCurrent
andOhmsLaw(115):
1.Resistivityofawiredependson(A)length
(B)material
(C)crosssectionarea
(D)noneoftheabove.

11.Onekilowatthourofelectricalenergyisthe
sameas(A)36x105watts
(B)36x10sergs
(C)36x105joules
(D)36x105B.T.U.

2.Whennresistanceseachofvaluerare
connectedinparallel,thenresultant
12.Anelectriccurrentof5Aissameas
resistanceisx.Whenthesenresistancesare
(A)5J/C
connectedinseries,totalresistanceis
(B)5V/C
(A)nx
(C)5C/sec
(B)rnx
(D)5w/sec.
(C)x/n
13.Anelectronofmassmkgandhavinga
(D)n2x.
chargeofecoulombstravelsfromrestthrougha
3.Resistanceofawireisrohms.Thewireis potentialdifferenceofVvolts.Itskineticenergy
stretchedtodoubleitslength,thenits
willbe(A)eVJoules
resistanceinohmsis
(B)meVJoules
(C)me/VJoules
(A)r/2
(D)V/meJoules.
(B)4r
(C)2r
14.Thevalueofthefollowingisgivenby100
(D)r/4.
(kiloampere)x(microampere)100milli
ampere*10ampere
5.Thediameterofthenucleusofanatomis
oftheorderof
(A)0.001A
(B)0.1A
(A)1031m
(C)1A
(B)1025m
(D)10A.
(C)1021m
(D)1014m.
15.Acircuitcontainstwounequalresistancesin
parallel
6.Themassofprotonisroughlyhowmany
timesthemassofanelectron?
(A)currentissameinboth
(B)largecurrentflowsinlargerresistor
(A)184,000
(C)potentialdifferenceacrosseachissame
(B)184,00
(D)smallerresistancehassmallerconductance.
(C)1840
(D)184.
16.Conductanceisexpressedintermsof
(A)ohm/m
7.Thechargeonanelectronisknowntobe
(B)m/ohm
1.6x1019coulomb.Inacircuitthecurrent
(C)mho/m
flowingis1A.Howmanyelectronswillbe
(D)mho.
flowingthroughthecircuitinasecond?
17.Whichofthefollowingcouldbethevalueof
(A)1.6x1019
resistivityofcopper?
(B)1.6x1019
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(C)0.625x1019
(D)0.625x1012.

(A)1.7x108ohmcm
(B).1.7x106ohmcm
(C).1.6x105ohmcm
8.Twobulbsmarked200watt250voltsand (D).1.7x104ohmcm
100watt250voltsarejoinedinseriesto250
voltssupply.Powerconsumedincircuitis
18.Acopperwireoflengthlanddiameterdhas
potentialdifferenceVappliedatitstwoends.
(A)33watt
Thedriftvelocityisvd.Ifthediameterofwireis
(B)67watt
maded/3,thendriftvelocitybecomes
(C)100watt
(D)300watt.
(A)9vd
(B)vd/9
9.Amperesecondcouldbetheunitof
(C)vd/3
(D)vd.
(A)power
(B)conductance
19.TworesistancesR1andR2givecombined
(C)energy
resistanceof4.5ohmswheninseriesand1ohm
(D)charge.
wheninparallel.Theresistancesare
10.Whichofthefollowingisnotthesameas (A)3ohmsand6ohms
watt?
(B)3ohmsand9ohms
(C)1.5ohmsand3ohms
(A)joule/sec
(D)1.5ohmsand0.5ohms.
(B)amperes/volt
(C)amperesxvolts
(D)(amperes)2xohm.
20.Wehavethreeresistancesofvalues2,
3and6.Whichofthefollowing
combinationwillgiveaneffectiveresistance
of4?(A)Allthethreeresistancesinparallel
(B)2resistanceinserieswithparallel
combinationof3and6resistance
33.Fiveresistancesareconnectedasshownin
(C)3resistanceinserieswithparallel
figurebelow.Theequivalentresistancebetween
combinationof2and6resistance
thepointsAandBwillbe
(D)6resistanceinserieswithparallel
combinationof2and3resistance.
21.Threeequalresistorsconnectedinseries
acrossasourceofemftogetherdissipate10
wattsofpower.Whatwouldbethepower
dissipatedinthesameresistorswhenthey
areconnectedinparallelacrossthesame
sourceofemf?
(A)10watts
(B)30watts
(C)90watts
(D)270watts.
22.CurrentIinthefigureis

(A)35ohms
(B)25ohms
(C)15ohms
(D)5ohms.34.Howmanydifferentcombinations
maybeobtainedwiththreeresistors,each
havingtheresistanceR?

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(A)3
(B)4
(C)5
(D)6.
35.Awireof0.14mmdiameterandspecific
resistance9.6microohmcmis440cmlong.The
resistanceofthewirewillbe
(A)1.5A
(B)0.5A
(C)3.5A
(D)2.5A23.Fouridenticalresistorsarefirst
connectedinparallelandtheninseries.The
resultantresistanceofthefirstcombinationto
thesecondwillbe
(A)1/16times
(B)1/4times
(C)4times
(D)16times.

(A)9.6ohm
(B)11.3ohm
(C)13.7ohm
(D)27.4ohm.
36.Ohmslawisnotapplicableto
(A)DCcircuits
(B)highcurrents
(C)smallresistors
(D)semiconductors.
37.Ametalresistorhasresistanceof10ohmat
0Cand11ohmsat160C,thetemperature
coefficientis

24.Twelvewiresofsamelengthandsame
crosssectionareconnectedintheformofa (A)0.00625/C
cubeasshowninfigurebelow.Ifthe
(B)0.0625/C
resistanceofeachwireisR,thentheeffective (C)0.000625/C
resistancebetweenPandQwillbe
(D)0.625/C.

Questions38to40refertoFiguregiven
below.

(A)R
(B)5/6R
(C)3/4R
(D)4/3R.25.WhenP=Power,V=Voltage,
I=Current,R=ResistanceandG=
Conductance,whichofthefollowingrelation
isincorrect?
(A)V=(PR)
(B).P=V2G
(C)G=P/I2
(D)I=(P/R)
26.Theunitofelectricalconductivityis

Fiveresistancesareconnectedasshownand
thecombinationisconnectedtoa40V
supply.38.VoltagebetweenpointPandQwillbe
(A)40V
(B)22.5V
(C)20V
(D)17.5V.
39.Thecurrentin4ohmresistorwillbe
(A)2.1A
(B)2.7A
(C)3.0A

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(A)mho/metre
(B)mho/sq.m
(C)ohm/metre
(D)ohm/sq.m.

ShortNotes|EEEPRESS

(D)3.5A.
40.Leastcurrentwillflowthrough

(A)25ohmresistor
27.Whichofthefollowingbulbswillhavethe (B)18ohmresistor
(C)10ohmresistor
leastresistance?
(D)5ohmresistor.
(A)220V,60W
41.Totalpowerlossinthecircuitis
(B)220V,100W
(C)115V,60W
(A)10W
(D)115V,100W.
(B)50.2W
(C)205W
28.Theratiooftheresistanceofa100W,220
(D)410W.
Vlamptothatofa100W,110Vlampwillbe
nearly
42.Aresistanceof5ohmsisfurtherdrawnso
thatitslengthbecomesdouble.Itsresistancewill
(A)4
nowbe
(B)2
(C)1/2
(A)5ohms
(D)1/4
(B)7.5ohms
(C)10ohms
29.Theresistanceofa100W,200Vlampis
(D)20ohms.
(A)100ohm
43.Specificresistanceofasubstanceis
(B)200ohm
measuredin
(C)400ohm
(D)1600ohm.
(A)ohms
(B)mhos
30.Two1kiloohm,1/2Wresistorsare
(C)ohmcm
connectedinseries.Theircombined
(D)cm/ohm.
resistancevalueandwattagewillbe
44.AwireofresistanceRhasitlengthandcross
(A)2k,1/2W
sectionbothdoubled.Itsresistancewillbecome
(B)2k,1W
(C)2k,2W
(A)4R
(D)lk,1/2W.
(B)2R
(C)R
31.Whichmethodcanbeusedforabsolute
(D)R/4.
measurementofresistances?
45.Ohmslawisnotapplicableinallthefollowing
(A)Ohmslawmethod
casesExcept
(B)Wheatstonebridgemethod
(C)Releighmethod
(A)Electrolytes
(D)Lortentzmethod.
(B)Arclamps
(E)Insulators
32.Three3ohmresistorsareconnectedto
(A)Vacuumratiovalues.
formatriangle.Whatistheresistance
betweenanytwoofthecorners?
(A)3/4ohms
(B)3ohms
(C)2ohms
(D)4/3ohm.
56.Astandard60Wbulbisinserieswitha
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46.Theelementofelectricheaterismadeof(A)
copper
(B)steel
(C)carbon
(D)nichrome.

roomheaterandconnectedacrossthemains.
Ifthe60Wbulbisreplacedby100Wbulb(A)
theheateroutputwillincrease
(B)theheateroutputwillreduce
(C)theheateroutputwillremainsunaltered.

57.Twoaluminiumconductorshaveequal
length.Thecrosssectionalareaofone
47.5xl016electronspassacrossthesectionofa
conductorisfourtimesthatoftheother.Ifthe
conductorin1minute20sec.Thecurrentflowing
conductorhavingsmallercrosssectionalarea
is
hasaresistanceof100ohmstheresistance
ofotherconductorwillbe
(A)1mA
(B)0.1mA
(A)400ohms
(C)0.01mA
(B)100ohms
(D)10mA.
(C)50ohms
48.Whichofthefollowingfiguresrepresentsthe (D)25ohms.
effectoftemperatureonresistanceforcopper?
58.Anichromewireusedasheatercoilhas
theresistanceof1ohm/m.Foraheaterof
1000Wat200V,thelengthofwirerequired
willbe
(A)10m
(B)20m
(C)40m
(D)80m.
59.Thehotresistanceofatungstenlampis
about10timesthecoldresistance.
Accordingly,coldresistanceofa100W,200
Vlampwillbe(A)4000ohm
(B)400ohm
(C)40ohm
(D)4ohm.
(A)figureA
(B)figureB
(C)figureC
(D)figureD.49.Threeelementshaving
conductanceG1,G2andG3areconnectedin
parallel.Theircombinedconductancewillbe
(A)1/(1/G1+1/G2+1/G3)
(B)(G1G2+G2G3+G3G1)/(G1+G2+G3)
(C)1/(G1+G2+G3)
(D)G1+G2+G3
Questions50to53refertoFiguregiven
below:

60.Variableresistorsare
(A)Wirewoundresistors
(B)Thinfilmresistors
(C)Thickfilmresistors
(D)Alloftheabove.
61.Lowresistancecanbeaccurately
measuredby
(A)Kelvinbridge
(B)Wheatstonebridge
(C)Weinsbridge
(D)Noneoftheabove.
62.Aheatingelementofahotplateonan
electriccookingrangedraws12amperes
from240Vmains.HowmanykWhofenergy

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willbeconsumedinonehourand15minutes
(A)1.2
(B)3.2
(C)6.0
63.Temperaturecoefficientofresistanceis
expressedintermsof
(A)ohms/ohmsoC
(B)mhos/ohmoC
(C)mhos/oC
(D)ohms/oC.
50.Thevariationofresistanceofironandsome
alloyswithtemperatureisshowninfigure.The
variationofcarbonwillberepresentedby(A)
curveA
(B)curveB
(C)curveC
(D)curveD.
51.CurvesAandBrepresentthepropertiesfor
materialswhichhave
(A)lowresistance
(B)lowconductance
(C)negativeresistance
(D)negativetemperaturecoefficient.
52.Whichofthefollowinghasnegative
temperaturecoefficient?
(A)Brass
(B)Mercury
(C)Electrolytes
(D)Silver.

64.IfR1istheresistanceofacoilofcopper
attoCandRTistheresistanceatToCand
alsotheresistancetemperaturecoefficientof
copperperdegreecentrigradeat0oCis
1/234.45,thenRt/RT
(A)(1+t)/(1+T)
(B)(1+234.45t)/(1+234.45T)
(C)(234.45+t)/(234.45+T)
(D)(234.45+t2)/(234.45+T2).
65.Resistivityisusuallyexpressedintermsof
(A)mho
(B)ohm/oC
(C)ohms/cmsquare
(D)ohms/cmcube.
66.Whichmaterialisexpectedtohaveleast
resistivity?

(A)Copper
(B)Lead
(C)Mercury
53.Allofthefollowinghavenegativetemperature (D)Zinc.
coefficientEXCEPT
67.Theshuntwindingofamotorhasa
resistanceof85ohmat22oC.Whenthe
(A)Paper
motorrunsatfullload,itsresistance
(B)Gold
increasesto100ohms.Theresistance
(C)Rubber.
temperaturecoefficientofwindingper0oCis
54.ForthecircuitshownbelowthecurrentI
0.004.Theriseintemperatureofthewinding
flowingthroughthecircuitwillbe
willbenearly
(A)20oC
(B)50oC
(C)70oC
(D)100oC.
68.Theresistancetemperaturecoefficientis
definedas
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(A)1/2A
(B)1A
(C)2A
(D)4A.55.Acubeofmaterialofside1cmhasa
resistanceof0.002ohmbetweenitsopposite
faces.Ifthesamevolumeofthematerialhasa
lengthof8cmandauniformcrosssection,the
resistanceofthislengthwillbe
(A)0.032ohm
(B)0.064ohm
(C)0.096ohm
(D)0.128ohm.

(A)increaseinresistanceperdegree
centigrade
(B)decreaseinresistanceperdegree
centigrade
(C)theratioofincreaseinresistanceper
degreecentigradetotheresistanceat0oC
(D)theratioofincreasesinresistanceper
degreecentigradetotherateofriseof
resistanceat0oC.
69.Twocoilsconnectedinserieshave
resistanceof600ohmand300ohmand
temperaturecoefficientsof0.1%and0.4%
respectively.Theresistanceofthe
combinationat50oCwillbe
(A)1050ohm
(B)1001ohm
(C)1600ohm
(D)990ohm.

70.A100W,200Vfilamentlamphas
operatingtemperatureof2000oC.The
filamentmaterialhasresistance
temperaturecoefficientof0.005at0oC
peroC.Thecurrenttakenbythelampat
theinstantofswitchingwith200Vsupply
withfilamenttemperatureof20oCwill
be(A)1A
(B)3A
(C)5A
(D)10A.
71.Afuseisalwaysinstalledinacircuitis
(A)Series
(B)Parallel.
72.Theratingoffusewireisexpressedin
76.Thecurrentthrough6ohmresistorwillbe(A)1A
termsof
(B)2A
(A)Ohms
(C)3A
(B)Mhos
(D)4A.
(C)Amperes
77.TheratioofpowerdissipatedincircuitADBto
(D)Watts.
thatincircuitABCwillbe
73.Whichofthefollowingmaterialisnot
(A)1
usedasfusematerial?
(B)1.5
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(A)Silver
(B)Copper
(C)Aluminium
(D)Carbon.

(C)0.67
(D)2.

Questions74to78refertoFigure
below.

(A)80W
(B)100W
(C)120W
(D)150W.

78.Totalpowerdissipatedinthecircuitis

79.Thecurrentcarryingcapacityofthefuse
materialdependson
(A)crosssectionalarea
(B)length
(C)material
74.Thevoltagedropacrosstheresistor9 (D)alloftheabove.
ohmwillbe(A)18V
80.Accordingtothefuselaw,thecurrentcarrying
(B)12V
capacityvariesas
(C)9V
(A)diameter
(D)6V.
(B)(diameter)3/2
75.Thevoltagedropwillbeleastinwhich (C)1/diameter
resistor?
(D)1/(diameter)2.
(A)2ohm
(B)3ohm
(C)6ohm
(D)3ohmand6ohm.
Questions81to83refertoFiguregiven
below.

81.ForthecircuitshowninFigureabove,the
valueofcurrentIwillbe(A)10A
(B)15A
(C)20A
(D)25A
82.Thecombinedresistanceofthecircuitis
(A)10ohms
(B)5ohms
(C)4ohms
(D)2ohms.
83.Totalpowerdissipatedinthecircuitis

91.40WbulbAwillbeleastbrightwhen(A)
onlykeysk1andk2areopen(B)onlykeys
k2isopen
(C)onlykeysk3isopen
(D)allkeysareclosed.
92.Thepowerconsumptionofthecircuitwill
bemaximumwhen
(A)keyk1andk3areclosedandk2isopen
(B)keyk1isclosed,k2andk3areopen

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(A)2.5kW
(B)5.0kW
(C)7.5kW
(D)10kW.
84.A100Wbulbisconnectedinserieswitha
roomheaterof750W.Whatwillhappenifthe
bulbisreplacedbya60Wbulb?
(A)Heateroutputwillincrease
(B)Heateroutputwilldecrease
(C)Heateroutputwillremainunchanged
(D)Bulbwillnotglow.

(C)keyk1andk2areclosedandk3isopen
(D)allthekeysareclosed.
93.Whichofthefollowinglampswillhave
leastresistanceatroomtemperature?
(A)200W,220V
(B)100W,220V
(C)60W,220V
(D)25W,220V.
94.Filamentsofelectricbulbsareusually
madeof

(A)Nichrome
85.Animmersionrodheatsabucketofwaterin
15minutes.Inorderthatthewatershouldboilin (B)Tungsten
(C)Copper
10minutes
(D)Carbon.
(A)lengthofheatingelementoftherodshould
95.Thevalueofsupplyvoltagefor500W,5
beincreased
ohmloadis
(B)lengthofheatingelementoftherodshould
bereduced
(A)500V
(C)supplyvoltageshouldbereduced
(B)100V
(D)heatingelementoflargerdiametershouldbe (C)50V
used.
(D)10V.
86.Alampof100Wat200Vissuppliedcurrent 96.Whichresistorwillbephysicallylargerin
at100volts.Itwillbeequivalenttothelampof size?
(A)50W
(B)40W
(C)25W
(D)10W.

(A)10ohm,50W
(B)100ohm,10W
(C)1kohm,1W
(D)10Mohm,1/2W.

87.Twoelectricbulbsof100W,200Vareput 97.FourresistancesR1,R2,R3andR4are
inseriesandthecombinationissupplied100V. connectedinseriesagainst220Vsupply.The
Thepowerconsumptionofeachbulbwillbe
resistancesaresuchthatR1>R2>R3>R4.
Theleastpowerconsumptionwillbein
(A)100/2W
(B)100/4W
(A)resistorR1
(C)100/8W
(B)resistorR2
(D)100/16W.
(C)resistorR3
(D)resistorR4.
98.100resistorsof100ohmseacharc
connectedinparallel.Theirequivalent
resistanceswillbe
(A)10,000ohms
(B)100ohms
(C)1ohm
(D)1/10000ohm.
99.Forafixedsupplyvoltagethecurrent
flowingthroughaconductorwilldecrease
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88.Threelampsareincircuitasshownin
Figuregivenabove.Thelampof100Wwill
havemaximumbrightnesswhen(A)keyk1is
closed,k2isopenandk3isclosed
(B)k1isopen,k2isclosedandk3isopen
(C)k1isopen,k2isclosedandk3isalso
closed
(D)k1isclosed,k2isopenandk3isalsoopen.

when
(A)crosssectionalareaoftheconductoris
increased
(B)lengthoftheconductorisincreased
(C)lengthoftheconductorisreduced
(D)crosssectionalareaisincreasedand
lengthisdecreased.

100.Whencurrentflowsthroughheatercoilit
89.Whenswitchesk1andk2areopenandk3is
glowsbutsupplywiringdoesnotglow
closed
because
(A)100Wlampwillglowbrighterthan40W
(A)supplywiringiscoveredwithinsulation
lamp
layer
(B)40Wlampwillglowbrighterthan100W
(B)currentthroughsupplylineflowsatslower
lamp
speed.
(C)Bothwillglowattheirfullbrightness
(C)supplywiresarcmadeofsuperiormaterial
(D)Bothwillglowatlessthantheirfull
(D)resistanceofheatercoilismorethanthat
brightness.
supplywires.
90.Whichofthefollowingstatementsis
101.Theresistanceof1meterlengthof18
necessarilycorrect?
gaugecopperwireiskohm.Theresistanceof
(A)40Wbulbswillalwaysglowatfullbrightness onemetrelengthof24gaugecopperwirewill
(B)100Wbulbwillalwaysglowsatfull
be
brightness
(A)k/2ohm
(C)Whateverbethepositionofkeys,atleast
(B)18/24kohm
one40Wbulbwillalwaysglow
(C)kohm
(D)Whenevercurrentflowsthroughthecircuit,
(D)morethankohm.
100Wbulbwillalwaysglow.
116.Forthecircuitshowninthefigure
givenbelow,themeterwillread

102.Inthecircuitshownbelow,theresistanceRhas
avaluethatdependsonthecurrentSpecially,Ris20
ohmswhenthecurrentIiszero,andtheamountof
increaseinresistanceisnumericallyequaltoonehalf (A)1A
(B)5A
thecurrent.Whatisthevalueofthecurrentinthe
(C)10A
circuit?
(D)25A117.Forthecircuitshownin
figuregivenbelow,thereadinginthe
ammeterAwillbe

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(A)8.33A
(B)10.0A
(C)12.5A
(D)50A.103.Ifthelengthanddiameterofa
conductoristripped,theresistancewillincrease
approximatelyby
(A)662/3%
(B)331/3%
(C)662/3%
(D)331/3%.
104.Iftheresistanceofanincandescentlightbulb
changesasthevoltageacrossthebulbischanged,
whichofthefollowingistrue?
(A)Theinternalinductanceofthebulbcausesthis
change
(B)Thebulbissaidtohavealowionizationpotential
(C)Thebulbhasconstantresistanceofthecurrent
throughthebulbischanged
(D)Thebulbisatypeofnonlinearresistance.
105.Whichmethodcanbeusedforabsolute
measurementofresistance?
(A)Ohmslawmethod
(B)Wheatstonebridgemethod
(C)Raleighmethod
(D)Lortentzmethod.

(A)2A
(B)0.5A
(C)0.4A
(D)0.2A.118.AccordingtoJoulelaw
heatproducedbyacurrentIwhilein
flowingthroughamaterialofresistanceR
foralengthoftimeT,isproportionalto
(A)Tonly
(B)(RT)
(C)(IRT)
(D)(I2RT).
119.Inthecolorcodeforresistances
blackcolorrepresentsthenumber(A)0
(B)1
(C)2
(D)3.
120.Inthecolorcodewhitecolor
representsthenumber

106.Two1kiloohm,1/2Wresistorsareconnectedin (A)9
series.Theircombinedresistancevalueandwattage (B)8
(C)6
willbe
(D)5.
(A)2kohm,1/2W
121.Inthecolorcodenumber3is
(B)2kohm,1W
representedby
(C)2kohm,2W
(D)1kohm,1/2W.
(A)blue
(B)orange
107.Theresistanceof100W,200Vtampis
(C)grey
(A)100ohm
(D)violet.
(B)200ohm
122.Theconditionforthevalidityunder
(C)400ohm
Ohmslawis
(D)1600ohm.
(A)Temperatureatpositiveendshould
108.Acylindricalwireiscompressedinlengthby
10%.Thepercentagedecreaseintheresistancewill bemorethanthetemperatureatnegative
end
be
(B)Currentshouldbeproportionaltothe
(A)16%
sizeofresistance
(B)19%
(C)Resistancemustbewirewoundtype
(C)20%
(D)Resistancemustbeuniform.
(D)25%.
123.Inwhichfiguretherelationship
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109.Threeresistanceof6ohmeachareconnected betweenvoltageVandcurrentIisin
asshowninFiguregivenbelow.Theequivalent
accordancewithOhmslaw?
resistancebetweenX1andX2is

(A)2ohm
(B)4ohm
(C)8ohm
(D)12ohm.110.Theunitofconductanceis
(A)perohm
(B)ohm/m
(C)mho/m
(D)mho.
111.Ohmslawisnotapplicableinallthefollowing
casesexcept
(A)Electrolysis
(B)Arclamps
(C)Insulators
(D)Vacuumradiovalves.

(A)FigureA
(B)FigureB
(C)FigureC
(D)FigureD.124.Productionofheatdue
tocurrentisrelatedbywhichlaw

112.Inwhichofthefollowingcircuitswillthevoltage
(A)Ohmslaw
sourceproducethemostcurrent?
(B)Jouleslaw
(A)10Vacrossa10ohmresistance
(C)Kelvinslaw
(B)10Vacrosstwo10ohmresistanceinseries
(D)Maxwellslaw.
(C)10Vacrosstwo10ohmresistancesinparallel
125.AfixedresistanceRisconnected
(D)1000VacrossMohmresistance.
acrossaDCvoltagesource.Ifthe
113.Apieceofsliverwirehasaresistanceof1ohm. voltageisgraduallyanduniformly
Amanganinwirehasspecificresistance30timesthat increased,therelationshipbetween
ofsilver.Theresistanceofamanganinwireofone
voltageandresistanceiscorrectly
fourthlengthandonethirddiameterwillbe
representedinwhichgroup?
(A)6/5ohm
(B)1ohm
(C)67.5ohm
(D)86.75ohm.
114.Acubeofmaterialofside1cmhasaresistance
of0.002ohmbetweenitsoppositefaces.Ifthesame
volumeofthematerialhasalengthof8cmanda
uniformcrosssection,theresistanceofthislengthw
illbe
(A)0.032ohm
(B)0.064ohm
(C)0.096ohm
(D)0.128ohm.
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115.Theunitofconductivityis
(A)mho/m
(B)mho/sq.m
(C)ohm/m
(D)ohm/sq.m.

ShortNotes|EEEPRESS

(A)GroupA
(B)GroupB
(C)GroupC
(D)GroupD.126.Themaximumpower
thatcanbedistributedintheloadinthe
circuitshownin

(A)3watts
(B)6warts
(C)6.75watts
(D)13.5watts.
127.AvariableresistanceRisconnectedacrossa
sourceofvoltageV.IfthevalueoftheresistanceR
isgraduallyvaried,therelationshipbetweenIandR
165.Foracarboncompositionresistor
willberepresentedbywhichcurve?
colorcodedwithyellow,violet,orange
andsilverstripesfromlefttoright,the
valueofresistanceandtoleranceare(A)
470ohm10%
(B)47ohm10%
(C)740ohm50%
(D)74ohm5%.
166.Foracarboncompositionresistor
colorcodedwithgreen,black,goldand
silverstripesfromlefttoright,the
resistanceandtoleranceare
(A)50ohm10%
(B)5ohm5%
(C)5ohm10%
(D)0.5ohm5%.

(A)FigureA
(B)FigureB
167.Aresistorwiththecolorcodedvalue
(C)FigureC
of1000ohmsand10%tolerancecan
(D)FigureD.128.A1k,1Wresistorcansafelypass haveanactualresistancebetween
acurrentof
(A)990ohmand1010ohm
(A)30mA
(B)900ohmand1100ohm
(B)100mA
(C)1000ohmand1100ohm
(C)150mA
(D)900ohmand1000ohm.
(D)500mA.
168.Forcarbonresistorswhatisthecolor
129.Theresistancetotheflowofcurrentthrougha for5?
copperwire
(A)Green
(A)increasesasthelengthofwiredecrease
(B)Black
(B)decreasesasthediameterofwiredecreases
(C)Orange
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(C)increasesasthelengthofwireincreases
(D)decreasesasthelengthofwireincreases.
130.Forthesamevoltage,theratioResistanceof
100WlampResistanceof25Wlampis:
(A)1
(B)4
(C)16
(D)1/4.

(D)Gray.
169.Forcarbonresistors,darkercolour
generallyhavevaluescloseto(A)1
(B)5
(C)8
(D)9.

170.Inacarbonresistorincasefourth
stripeisnotpresent,itcanbeconcluded
131.Thevoltagedropacrossaresistorof100ohm that
is10volts.Thewattageoftheresistormustbe
(A)theresistorishighlyaccurate
(A)1/2W
(B)theresistorisdefective
(B)1W
(C)theresistordoesnotcontaincarbon
(C)2W
(D)thetolerancelimitis20%.
(D)4W.
171.Thefourstripesofaresistorare
132.A100voltbulbhasaresistanceof500ohms. yellowvioletorangegold.Thevalueof
ThenumberofhoursitcanworkforeverykWhof
resistorshouldbe
energyconsumedwillbe
(A)470ohms5%
(A)20
(B)47kiloohm5%
(B)40
(C)47megaohms5%
(C)50
(D)4700ohms10%.
(D)60.
172.Thetoleranceforsilverstripeis
133.Asemiconductoris
(A)+5%
(A)onewhichconductsonlyhalfofappliedvoltage (B)+10%
(B)amaterialwhoseconductivityissameas
(C)5%
betweenthatofaconductorandaninsulator
(D)10%.
(C)amaterialmadeofalternatelayersofconducting
173.Whichofthefollowingcanhave
materialandinsulator
positiveornegativecharge?
(D)amaterialwhichhasconductivityahaving
averagevalueofconductivityofmetalandinsulator. (A)Electron
(B)iron
134.TworesistorsR1=47kohm,1WandR2=0
ohm,1Wareconnectedinparallel.Thecombined (C)Hole
(D)Neutron.
valuewillbe
(A)47kohm,1W
(B)47kohm,2W
(C)47kohm,1/2W
(D)0kohm,1W.
135.Arheostatdiffersfrompotentiometerinthe
respectthat
(A)rheostathaslargenumberofturns
(B)rheostatofferslargernumberoftappings
(C)rheostathaslowerwattagerating
(D)rheostathashigherwattageratings.

174.Whichofthefollowingparallel
resistanceswillhavethehighestvalueof
equivalentresistance?
(A)10kohmand25kohm
(B)1kohm,2kohmand3kohm
(C)Two500kohmresistors
(D)Four40kohmandtwo10kohm
resistors.

175.Inseriesaswellasparallelcircuits
theequivalent(total)valueofcertain
parameterisgivenbyX=X1+X2+X3+
136.TheequivalentresistanceatthepointsX1and X4+TheparameterXcouldbe
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X2inthecircuitshownbelow

(A)60ohm
(B)40ohm
(C)80ohm
(D)20ohm.137.Forthesameelectricalresistance,
theweightofaluminiumconductorascomparedto
copperconductorofidenticalcrosssectionis(A)
85%
(B)50%
(C)20%
(D)120%.
138.Adrawnwireofresistance25ohmisfurther
drawnsothatitsdiameterbecomesonefifth.Its
resistancewillnowbe
(A)625ohm
(B)125ohm
(C)25ohm
(D)1ohm.

(A)resistance
(B)current
(C)voltage
(D)power.
176.Theresistanceofa150scale
voltmeteris12000ohms.Thepower
consumedbythevoltmeterwhenitis
connectedacrossa125voltcircuit,willbe
nearly
(A)0.0013W
(B)0.013W
(C)0.13W
(D)1.3W.
177.Materialshavingelectrical
conductivitymuchlessthanmostofthe
metalsbutmuchgreaterthanthatof
typicalinsulators,areknownas
(A)thermistors
(B)varistors
(C)semiconductors
(D)variableresistors.
178.Matchthefollowing:

Column1
Column2
139.Whichofthefollowinghasnegativecoefficient CopperResistors
ofresistance?
SaltSolution
ElectrolyticConductor
(A)Wirewoundresistor
GermaniumGood
(B)Metals
ConductorFerronickel
(C)Nonmetals
alloysSemiConductors
(D)Thermistor.
(A)a(i),b(ii),c(iii),d(iv)
140.Thecurrentatagivenpointinacertaincircuit
maybewrittenasafunctionoftimet,asi(t)=3+ (B)a(ii),b(iii),c(iv),d(i)
(C)a(iiii),b(i),c(ii),d(i)
t.Thetotalchargepassingapointbetweent=99
(D)a(iii),b(ii)c(iv),d(i).
andt=102secwillbe
(A)112coulombs
(B)242.5coulombs
(C)292.5coulombs
(D)345.6coulombs.

179.Inthecircuitshownbelow,the
currentIis

Questions141and142refertothedatagiven
below:
Acertainpassivecircuitelementhasthe
characteristicthattheinstantaneousvoltageacrossit
isalwaysexactlythreetimesthecubeofthe
instantaneouscurrentthroughit
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141.Thepowerbeingdissipatedwheni=0.1Awill
be
(A)3W
(B)0.3W
(C)3x103W
(D)3x104W.
142.Thepowerbeingdissipatedwheni=10Awill
be
(A)3W
(B)30W
(C)3kW
(D)30kW.
143.Aresistorhasthevalueof30kohmandthe
currentinitismeasuredtobe0.5mA.The
conductanceis
(A)15
(B)30000
(C)3.33x105
(D)3.33x103

(A)1/45A
(B)1/15A
(C)1/10A
(D)1/5A.180.Inanickelcadmiumalkali
celltheelectrolyteis

(A)sulphuracid
(B)potassiumhydroxide
(C)zincchloride
144.Intheaboveproblem,theterminalvoltagemust (D)ammoniumchloride.
be
(A)15mV
(B)1.5V
(C)15V
(D)150V.
145.Thechargeofanelectronisknowntobe1.6x
1019C.Howmanyelectrondoesnot1makeitCof
charge?
(A)19.5ohms
(B)14.5ohms
(C)9.75ohms
(D)5.55ohms.182.Thereare8.5x
1028freeelectronsinonecubicmetreof
146.Thecurrententeringtheterminalofanelement copper.Whenthecopperconductoris
isgivenbytheequationi(t)=106t2107tA.The workedat155A/cm2thevelocityofthe
totalchargeflowing,intotheelementbetweent=1s axialdriftwillbe
andt=2swillbenearly
(A)1.14x106m/s
(B)1.14x105m/s
(A)2.2x106C
(C)1.14x104m/s
(B)1.6x106C
(D)1.14x103m/s.
(C)0.6x108C
(D)0.6x1010C.
183.Twobatterieshaveanopencircuit
voltageof12.8voltseachandaninternal
147.Anelectroninavacuumtubeisobservedto
lose1.6x1020JofenergyinmovingfrompointA resistanceof0.08ohms.Theshortcircuit
currentoftwobatteriesconnectedin
topointB.ThevoltageofpointBwithrespectof
parallelwillbe
pointAis
(A)one
(B)onemillion
(C)6.2x1018
(D)1.6x1019.

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(A)1V
(B)+1V
(C)0.1V
(D)+0.1V.

(A)80A
(B)120A
(C)160A
(D)320A.

148.Inelectronicmicrocircuits,aresistormaybe
Questions184and185refertodata
fabricatedfromaconstantthicknesslayerofsemi givenbelow:
conductormaterialwithconductorconnectionsatthe
edgesasshowninFiguregivenbelow.Iftheresistor Aradiatorelementsuppliedat240V
dissipates2.4MJin20minutes.
shownhasresistanceR,thenasimilarresistor0.2
millimeterby0.2millimeterhasaresistanceof
184.Thepowerdissipatedintheelements
is
(A)2000W
(B)1000W
(C)500W
(D)200W.
185.Theresistanceoftheelementis
(A)68ohms
(B)28.8ohms
(C)14.4ohms
(D)7.2ohms.

(A)4R
(B)2R
(C)R
(D)R/2149.Certainsubstanceslosetheirelectrical Questions186to188refertodata
resistancecompletelyatfinitelowtemperatures.
givenbelow:
Suchsubstancesarecalled
TwoloadsXandY,areconnectedin
(A)dielectrics
paralleltoa115Vsupply.LoadXtakes
(B)superconductors
35wattsandthetotalcurrentis2.6A.
(C)semiconductors
186.TheresistanceofXis
(D)perfectconductors.
150.Wehavethreeresistanceseachof1ohm.How (A)379ohms
manydifferentvaluesofresistancecanbeobtained (B)291ohms
(C)233ohms
bydifferentseriesparallelcombinationsifallthe
(D)190ohms.
threeresistancesaretoremaininthecircuit?
187.TheresistanceofYis
(A)Three
(B)Four
(C)Five
(D)Six.
151.Aresistorhasthevalueof3kohmandthe
currentthroughitismeasuredtobe0.3mA.The
conductanceis
(A)30000mho
(B)30mho
(C)0.33millimho
(D)30micromho.
152.ResistancebetweenX1andX2is

(A)200ohms
(B)100ohms
(C)50ohms
(D)20ohms.
188.ThepowerabsorbedbyYis
(A)528W
(B)264W
(C)132W
(D)66W.
Questions189and190refertodata
givenbelow:
Asourcewhosenoloadvoltageis220V

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delivers20wattstoaloadwhenthe
currentis0.4A.
189.Theinternalresistanceofthesource
is
(A)10ohm
(B)greaterthan10ohm
(C)0
(D)lessthan10ohm.153.Whencheckedwithan
ohmmeteranopenresistorreads
(A)zero
(B)highbutwithintolerance
(C)lowbutnotzero
(D)infinite.

(A)10ohms
(B)20ohms
(C)50ohms
(D)100ohms.
190.Themaximumpowerthatcanbe
deliveredbythesourceis

(A)51W
(B)102W
(C)152W
154.Acurrentof1mAflowsthrougha1Mohm,2W (D)242W.
carbonresistor.Thepowerdissipatedasheatinthe
191.Allgoodconductorshavehigh
resistorwillbe
(A)resistance
(A)2W
(B)electricalconductivity
(B)1W
(C)electricalandthermalconductivity
(C)0.5W
(D)conductance.
(D)0.1W.
155.Whichofthefollowingcarboncodedresistor
hasvalueof10kohmwith20%tolerance?

192.Alightdependentresistorisbasically
a

(A)Red,red,greenandsilverstripes
(B)Yellow,violet,yellowandsilverstripes
(C)Orange,orange,blackandgoldstripes
(D)Brown,black,orangeandnotoleranceband.

(A)powerresistor
(B)nonmetallicresistor
(C)carbonresistor
(D)variableresistor.

156.Acarbonresistorhastomeetthefollowing
requirementsIRdrop:5V,Current:100mA,Safety
factorforpowerdissipation:2.Whichofthe
followingresistorswillbesuitable?

193.Voltagedependentresistorsare
usuallymadefrom

(A)5ohm,10W
(B)0.5ohm,100W
(C)5ohm,10W
(D)50ohm,1W.
157.A10ohmresistorwitha10Wpowerratingis
expectedtobea
(A)carbonresistor
(B)wirewoundresistor
(C)eithercarbonorwirewoundresistor
(D)neithercarbonnorwirewoundresistor.
158.Two10kohm,5Wresistorsinparallelhave
equivalentresistancesof5kohmandpowerratingof

(A)graphite
(B)charcoal
(C)siliconcarbide
(D)nichrome.
194.Thepowerratingofa470ohm
resistorcarryingacurrentof40mA
shouldbe
(A)1/4W
(B)1/2W
(C)1W
(D)2W.
195.ResistanceacrossAandBinthe
circuitshownbelowis

(A)2.5W
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(B)5W
(C)10W
(D)25W.
159.Whichofthefollowingistypicalresistanceand
powerdissipationvalueforawirewoundresistor?
(A)1Mohm,1/3W
(B)50kohm,1/2W
(C)500ohm,1W
(D)10ohm,50W.
160.A100kohmresistorwitha1Wpowerratingis (A)R
(B)3R
likelytobea
(C)4R
(A)carbonresistor
(D)5R.196.Voltagedependentresistors
(B)wirewoundresistor
areused
(C)eithercarbonorwirewoundresistor
(A)ascurrentstabilizers
(D)neithercarbonnorwirewoundresistor.
(B)asheatingelements
161.Two5kohm,5Wresistorsinserieshave
(C)forinductivecircuits
equivalentresistanceof10kohmwithpowerrating (D)tosuppresssurges.
of
197.Metalsapproachsuperconductivity
(A)2.5W
conditions
(B)5W
(A)nearabsolutezerotemperature
(C)10W
(B)nearcriticaltemperature
(D)25W.
(C)attriplepoint
162.Whichofthefollowingaretypicalresistance
(D)undertheconditionsofhigh
andpowerdissipationvaluesforacarbon
temperatureandpressure.
compositionresistor?
198.Inwhichofthefollowingthe
(A)10,000ohm,10W
resistancedecreaseswithrisein
(B)1000,000ohm,1W
temperature?
(C)5000ohm,100W
(A)LDR
(D)10ohm,50W.
(B)NTCthermistors
163.Aresistoristobeconnectedacrossa45V
(C)Nichromeconductors
batterytoprovide1mAofcurrent.Therequired
(D)ACSRconductors.
resistancewithasuitablewattageratingis
199.Theequivalentresistanceof2N
(A)45ohm,10W
branchesinparallel,eachhaving
(B)4.5ohm,2W
resistanceN/2ohmswillbe
(C)450kohm,2W
(A)4ohms
(D)45kohm,1/4W.
(B)2ohms
164.Inthecircuitshownbelow,heatproducedin5 (C)1ohm
ohmresistanceis10cal/sec.Heatdevelopedin
(D)1/4ohm.
4ohmis
200.EquivalentResistancebetweenX
Picture
andYis
(A)1cal/sec
(B)2cal/sec
(C)3cal/sec
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(D)4cal/sec.

(A)50ohm
(B)75ohm
(C)275ohm
(D)noneoftheabove.

Answers:
1.B2.D3.B4.B5.D6.C7.C8.B9.D10.B11.C12.C13.A14.B15.C
16.D17.B18.D19.C20.B21.C22.A23.A24.B25.C26.A27.D28.A
29.C30.B31.B32.C33.D34.B35.D36.D37.C38.B39.D40.A41.C42.D
43.C44.C45.C46.D47.B48.A49.D50.B51.D52.C53.B54.C55.D
56.A57.D58.C59.C60.A61.A62.B63.A64.C65.D66.A67.C68.
C69.D70.C71.A72.C73.D74.A75.D76.C77.B78.C79.D80.B81.D
82.C83.A84.B85.B86.C87.D88.B89.B90.D91.A92.A93.A94.B
95.C96.A97.D98.C99.B100.D101.D102.B103.C104.D105.B106.B107.C
108.B109.A110.D111.C112.C113.C114.D115.A116.C117.C118.D
119.A120.A121.B122.D123.B124.B125.A126.C127.B128.A129.C130.D
131.B132.C133.B134.D135.D136.B137.B138.A139.D140.C141.D142.D
143.C144.C145.C146.A147.C148.C149.B150.B151.C152.C153.D154.B
155.D156.D157.B158.C159.D160.A161.C162.B163.D164.B165.B166.C
167.B168.A169.A170.D171.B172.D173.B174.C175.D176.D177.C178.D
179.C180.B181.C182.C183.D184.A185.B186.A187.C188.B189.C190.D
191.D192.D193.C194.C195.A196.D197.A198.B199.D200.D

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