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Database

DEFINITION

Database is a collection of
interrelated data stored together to
serve multiple applications .
Database Management system is
basically a computer based record
keeping system

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Need for Database

A typical file processing system


suffers from some major limitations
like data redundancy , data
inconsistency , unsharable data
, unstandardized data , insecure data
incorrect data etc . On the other hand
data base over comes all these
limitations .

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A D V A N TA G E S
Reduced data redundancy

Controlled data
inconsistency

Shared data

Standardized data

Secured data

Integrated data

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end –user
Person who is not a computer trainee but uses database to retrieve some infor

APPLICATION SYSTEM ANALYST


Types This user is concerned about all of the database
Of at the logical level
Users

PHYSICAL STORAGE SYSTEM ANALYST


This user is concerned with the physical implementation details of the datab

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ABASE DESIGN VIEW1 VIEW 2
…………... VIEW n

External level

CONCEPTUAL LEVEL

PHYSICAL LEVEL

DATABASE

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Sales officer Purchase officer
View 1 View 2
Item-name Item-name External level
price price (individual user views )

Conceptual level
Item-number character(6)
Item name character(6)
Price numeric (5+2)

Physical level
Stored item length =40
Item # type=Byte(6),offset=0,Index=lx
Name type=Byte(20),offset=6
Price type=Byte(8),offset=0

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