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Aiman Priester 5 Al Rusyd

Aim: To investigate the effect of concentration on the rate of reaction


Hypothesis: The higher the concentration of Sodium Thiosulphate solution, the
higher the rate of reaction
Variables;
1. Manipulated: Concentration of Sodium Thiosulphate solution
2. Responding: Time taken for the cross X to disappear from sight
3. Controlled: Temperature of solution
Materials: 0.2 mol dm-3 sodium thiosulphate solution, 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric
acid, distilled water, white paper marked `X` at the center
Apparatus: 100 cm conical flask, 50 cm3 and 5 cm3 measuring cylinder,
stopwatch, distilled water.
Procedure;
1. 50 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 sodium thiosulphate is measured using
measuring cylinder and poured into a conical flask.
2. A piece of paper marked `X` is placed under the conical flask.
3. 5 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid is measured and poured into the
conical flask.
4. Stopwatch is started immediately.
5. The mixture in the conical flask is swirled and placed it on the paper
marked `X`.
6. Mark `X` is observed vertically from the top through the solution
7. Time, t, is recorded for the mark `X` to disappear from sight.
8. The experiment is repeated four more times using different volumes of
0.2 mol dm-3 sodium thiosulphate solution to be diluted with different
volumes of distilled water as shown in Table 1.
Data:

Graph on Graph Paper

Interpreting data;
1. Concentration of Sodium Thiosulphate solution in the reacting mixture

2.

Based on the graphs,when the


concentration of sodium thiosulphate is higher,the time taken for the
mark `X` to disappear from sight is shorter
3. The rate of reaction directly proportional to the concentration of
sodium thiosulphate solution used.

Conclusion: The hypothesis is accepted.