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Microsoft

Excel 2010

Excel 2010
Bible
John Walkenbach

WILEY

Wiley Publishing, Inc.

M icrosoft

Excel 2010


-
2013

32.973.26-018.2.75
62
681.3.07

. .
..
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info@dialektika.com, http ://www.dialektika.com
, .
62

Microsoft Excel 2010. . : . . . : ..


, 2013. 912 . : . . . .
ISBN 978-5-8459-1711-9 (.)
32.973.26-018.2.75


.

, ,
, Wiley US.
Copyright 2013 by Dialektika Computer Publishing.
Original English language edition Copyright 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
All rights reserved including the right o f reproduction in whole or in part in any form. This translation is published
by arrangement with Wiley Publishing, Inc.
Wiley, the Wiley logo, and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley &Sons, Inc. and/or
its affiliates, in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Excel is a registered
trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.

Microsoft Excel 2010.


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09.04.2013. 70x100/16
Times.
. . . 73,53. .-. . 48,2
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199034, -, 9- , 12/28
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ISBN 978-5-8459-1711-9 (.)

- , 2013,
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ISBN 978-0-470-47487-7 (.)

by Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010

I.
1. Excel
2.
3.
4.
5. Excel
6.
7. Excel
8.
9.

II.
10. Excel
11. ,
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

III.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

IV. EXCEL
23.
24.
25.
26.

29

33
35
61
79
97
125
141
163
181
191

211
213
243
261
287
311
329
351
369

389
391
423
467
487
499

519
521
529
545
555

27.
28. Excel
29.
30. Excel
31.
32.

V.
33.
34.
35.
36. -
37. :
38.

VI. EXCEL
39. Visual Basic
40. VBA
4 1 .
42.
43. Excel
44. VBA
45. Excel

VII.
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563
579
589
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645
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Excel
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29
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30
30
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31
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35
35
36
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44
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50
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55
56
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61
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74
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79
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82
83
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184
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231
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502
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IV. EXCEL

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23.

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18

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28. Excel

579
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V.
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645
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21

34.

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36. -
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39. Visual Basic

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A p p l i c a t i o n . W o r k b o o k s ( "1 . x l s x " ) . W o r k s h e e t s ( "1" )

:
Ap p l i cation.Workbooks(" !.xlsx") .Worksheets("!") .Range("Al")

39. Visual Basic

775

,
Excel .
, 1 . x l s x .
:
W o rk s h e e ts ( " 1 " ) . R a n g e ( " A l ")
, :
R a n g e ( " A l" )

. , .
, R a n g e () , V a lu e () Name
(), C h a r t () H a s T i t l e () ().
V B A , .

, ,
, . ,
( V a lu e ) , 1
1 , :
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. I n t e r
e s t 1 1 ,
V B A :
In t e r e s t = W o rk s h e e ts ( " 1 ") .R a n g e ( " A l " ) .V alu e

. , .
, R a n g e () C l e a r C o n t e n t s
( ). .

, , ,
. ,
1, :
W o rk sh e e ts ( " 1 ") . R a n g e ( " A l " ) .C le a r C o n te n t s

VBA ,
, , ..
, , V B A .
,
.


V B A - . ,
, ,
. . A p p l i c a t i o n
( Excel) . , A p p l i c a t i o n
:

A d d i n s ( A d d in );

W in d o w s ( W in dow ());

W o r k b o o k s ( W o rk b o o k ( )).

. ,
W o rk b o o k ( ) :

776

VI. Excel

C h a r t s ( C h a r t ());

Nam es ( Name ());

S t y l e s ( S t y l e ());

W in do w s ( W indow () );

W o r k s h e e t s ( W o r k s h e e t ( )).

, , .
W o r k s h e e t ( ), , :

C h a r t O b j e c t s ( C h a r t O b j e c t (
-));

P a g e S e t u p ( );

P i v o t T a b l e s ( P i v o t T a b l e ( ));

R a n g e ().

. ,
(W o rk b o o k ) W o rk b o o k s.
, . ,
, 1 , 2 3,
:
W o r k s h e e t s (1)
W o r k s h e e t s (" 1 ")

, , . , - R a n g e
, C o lu m n (), Row (), W id t h ()
V a lu e (). - C h a r t , L e g e n d (),
C h a r t T i t l e ( ) .
, C h a r t T i t l e F o n t (), O r i e n t a t i o n
() T e x t (). Excel ,
.
V B A :

,
. , V B A
V a l u e () 15 (..
15):
R a n g e ( " " ) . V a l u e = 15
, .. .
, , .
( R an g e ), , Row () C o lu m n ()
. , ,
, .
- F o r m u la (), ,
.. , F o r m u la .

39. Visual Basic

777

1 2 F o r m u l a
.
Range("12") .Formula = "=SUM(Al:A10) "

, , ( C e ll) ,
. , , R a n g e
(), .

A p p l i c a t i o n ,
Excel. A p p l i c a t i o n .

A p p l i c a t i o n . A c t i v e W o r k b o o k .
( W o r k b o o k ).

A p p l i c a t i o n . A c t i v e S h e e t . (
S h e e t ) .

A p p l i c a t i o n . A c t i v e C e l l . (
R a n g e ) .

A p p l i c a t i o n . S e l e c t i o n . ,
- A p p l i c a t i o n . ,
, - , .

, .
. , A p p l i c a t i o n . A c t i v e C e l l
- R a n g e .
:
Application.ActiveCell.Font.Size = 15
A p p l i c a t i o n . A c t i v e C e l l . F o n t (,
), a S i z e () .
S i z e 15. ,
15 .

A p p l i c a t i o n ,
A p p l i c a t i o n . , , ,
ActiveCell.Row
.
, . x l s x ,
. :
Workbooks(".xlsx") .Worksheets("")
Workbooks(1).Worksheets(1)
Workbooks(1).Sheets(1)
Application.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet
ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet
ActiveSheet
, , ,
. , , .
, ( ),
. ,
,
.

778

VI. Excel


, . ,
. , - C le a r ,
. V B A R ange . (
^ ^

^ .)
R a n g e ( " A l : 12 " ) . C l e a r
V B A :
. .

VBA,


, . ,
, V B A
(
).

VBA O p t i o n E x p l i c i t ,
.
, .
1

1:
= W o r k s h e e t s ( " 1" ) . R a n g e ( " A l" ) . V a lu e
.
, , .
, .


V B A
. .

V B A .

If-Then
V B A
I f - T h e n .
. I f - T h e n :
I f Then [ E l s e ]
, , .
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, E l s e .
( E l s e ) .
.
, .
.
Sub _ ()
I f A c t i v e C e l l . V a l u e < 0 Then A c t i v e C e l l . F o n t . C o l o r I n d e x = 3
End Sub

39. Visual Basic

779

For-Next
F o r - N e x t , ,
.
F o r - N e x t .
Sub _ ()
T otal =
F or Num = 1 10
T o t a l = T o t a l + (Num * 2)
N e x t Num
MsgBox T o t a l
End Sub
F o r N e x t .
10 . Num
1 10. T o t a l 1
10 ( ).
.

With-End With
, , W i t h - E n d
W it h .
. :
Sub _ ()
W ith S e l e c t i o n
'.H o rizo n ta lA lig n m en t = x lC e n te r
.V e r tic a lA lig n m e n t = x lC e n te r
.W rapText = F a l s e
.O r ie n ta tio n = x lfr o r iz o n ta l
End W ith
End Sub
,
W i t h - E n d W it h :
Sub _ ()
S e le c tio n .H o r iz o n ta lA lig n m e n t = x lC e n te r
S e le c tio n .V e r tic a lA lig n m e n t = x lC en ter
S e le c tio n .W r a p T e x t = F a ls e
S e le c t io n .O r ie n ta t io n = x lH o r iz o n ta l
End Sub

Select Case
S e l e c t C a s e ,
.
S e l e c t C a s e . .
0, , 0 , 0 .
Sub _ ()
S e l e c t C a se A c t i v e C e l l . V a l u e
C ase I s < 0
A c t i v e C e l l . F o n t . C o l o r l n d e x = vbRed 1
C ase 0
A c t i v e C e l l . F o n t . C o l o r l n d e x = v b B l u e '

780

W. Excel

C ase I s >
A c t i v e C e l l . F o n t . C o lo r ln d e x = vb B la ck
End S e l e c t
End Sub

'

C ase
, , C ase .

,
V B A ,
Excel.
. .
Sub ()
D^m I n p u tR a n g e As Range
Dim O u t p u t S h e e t As W o r k s h e e t
Dim OutputRow As Long
Dim C e l l As Range
' -
S e t In p u t R a n g e = A c t i v e S h e e t . U s e d R a n g e
'
, S e t O u t p u t S h e e t = W o r k s h e e t s .A d d
'
OutputRow = 1
1
For Each C e l l I n I n p u t R a n g e
I f C e l l . H a s F o r m u l a Then
O u t p u t S h e e t . C e l l s ( O u t p u t R o w , 1) =
& C e ll.A d d r e ss
O u t p u t S h e e t . C e l l s ( O u t p u t R o w , 2) = " 1" & C e l l . F o r m u l a
OutputRow = OutputRow + 1
End I f
N ext C e ll
End Sub

-, .

, ,
.
1. - In p u tR a n g e ( ).

( ).
2. ,
- O u tp u tS h e e t ( ). OutputRow
( ) 1.
1.
3. F o r -N e x t In p u tR a n g e.

, O u tp u tS h e e t,
OutputRow 1.
. 39.13
. ( , V B A ,
. . .)

39. Visual Basic

781

. 39.13.


V B A .
V B A , , , ,
. ,
,
V B A -.
, . , ,
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.
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.
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, ,
1.

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.

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VI Excel

VBA


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Excel. .
V B A , .

40

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:

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Visual Basic . 39.


,
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V B A . V B A ,
Visual Basic.


_, , .
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0, , 0. - . 40.1.

. 40.1. , Excel
,
, :
= ( 1 = 0 ; " " ; ( 1 > 0 ; " " ; " " ))

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.


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. ,
. ,
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.
. _ .
(. 40.2).
.

. 40.2.

784

VI. Excel


. :
F u n c t i o n _ ( )
S e l e c t C ase
C ase I s <
_ = ""
C ase
_ = ""
C ase I s >
_ = ""
End S e l e c t
End F u n c t i o n
, F u n c tio n (
Sub), _.
, .
, .
, (, 1)
(, -123). ,
, , .
S e l e c t C ase (. 39),

. 0, _
, 0, ,
0, _ .
, , .
,
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. ,
. , , ,
.
V B A IsN u m eric. , .
, E ls e I f -T h e n -E ls e .
F u n c t i o n _ ( )
I f Is N u m eric(n u m ) Then
S e l e c t C ase
C ase I s < 0
_ = ""
C ase 0
_ = ""
C ase I s >
_ = ""
End S e l e c t
E lse
NumSign = ""
End I f
End F u n c t i o n

-
- . .

40. VBA

785

, - .
, .
, .

1. Visual Basic. ,
<Alt+Fl 1>.

2. Project
3. Inserts Module (=>),
VBA ( ).
V B A .
4. F u n c t io n ,
( ), .
, V B .

5. VBA, ,
,
( ).

6. E n d F u n c t io n .
/
/

3 .
T hisW orkboo k ( ) (, 1 ) , Excel # ?.

,
.

, VBA, :
, .
, ,
. , , .
, , , - , .
, .
VBA, , ,
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- .
-, :


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V B A . , _,
:
= _ ( ; )

786

VI. Excel

_,
.
.




. , Excel . ,
. ,
Excel, . .

. ,
,
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=_. x l s ! ( A l : 1000)
,
. :
=' .x l s ' ! ( A l : 1000)

.

. ,
,
.
T o o ls^ R e fe re n c e s (^),
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. ,
. ( , Brow se ().)

. ,
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40. VBA

787

( 1 60);

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, , .
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, .
U s e r N a m e ( ) A p p l i c a t i o n . ,
. ,
,
.
F u n c t i o n ()
'
. = A p p l i c a t i o n . U s e r N a m e
End

F u n c tio n

,
.
()
Excel,
.



, Excel, .
F u n c t i o n _ ( )
A p p lic a tio n .S p e e c h .S p e a k
( )
End

F u n c tio n

, Excel 1
:
=_( 1)
.
, , , .
=IF(SUM( : ) > 1 0 0 0 , _ ( " " ) , )

788

VI. Excel

. 1 ,
: .

0, .


,
, .
, ,
. ,
( ,
). , ,
, .

()

(%)

0 -9 999

10 000-19 999

10,5

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40

14


, . , , :
=((1>=0;1<=9999/ 9 9 ) ; 1 * 0 , 0 8 ; ((1>=10000;
1 < = 1 9 9 9 9 , 9 9 ) ; 1 * 0 , 1 0 5 ; ((1>=20000; 1 < = 3 9 9 9 9 , 9 9 ) ;
1 * 0 , 1 2 ; (1>=40000; 1 * 0 , 1 4 ; 0 ) ) ) )
. -,
, -, .
, .
,
, :
=( 1 ; ; 2 ) *1
, .
F u n c t i o n ()
'
1 = 0 . 0 8
2 = 0 . 1 0 5
= 0 . 1 2
4 = 0 . 1 4
S e l e c t C a se
C a se 0 9 9 9 9 . 9 9
= * 1
C ase 10 0 0 0 1 9 9 9 9 . 9 9
= * 2
C ase 2 0 0 0 0 3 9 9 9 9 . 9 9
= *
C ase I s >= 4 0 0 0 0
= * 4
End S e l e c t
End F u n q t i o n

40. VBA

789

V B A
V B A .
, 3
( 25 12% ):
(2 5 0 0 0 )
D23,
:
(D 23)


. ,
: 1%
.
, ( ).
2.
F u n c t i o n 2(, )
'
1 = 0 . 0 8
2 = 0 . 1 0 5
= 0 . 1 2
4 = 0 . 1 4
S e l e c t C ase
C ase 0 9 9 9 9 . 9 9
2 = * 1
C a se 1 0 0 0 0 1 9 9 9 9 . 9 9
2 = * 2
C a se 2 0 0 0 0 3 9 9 9 9 . 9 9
2 = *
C a se I s >= 4 0 0 0 0
2 = * 4
End S e l e c t
2 = 2 + (2 * /
End F u n c t i o n

100)

:
( F u n c t io n )
.
,
( , 1,
1).
= 2(A l , 1 )

-
,
. , Excel
.
,
. Excel ,
:

790

VI. Excel

= ( ( ; 1) + ( ; 2) +11 (; 3 ) +
(; 4 ) + (; 5 ) ) / 5
Excel ,
- .
, 5. , , .
? ?
, , !
, , Excel _. :
= _ ( ;5 )
, .
_.
:
F u n c t i o n _ ( , _)
'
=
F or i = 1 _
= + W o r k s h e e t F u n c t i o n . L a r g e ( , i )
N ext i
_ = / _
End F u n c t i o n
: ( ) _
( , ).
. F o r - N e x t
, _. , _
, _.
V B A Excel, ,
V B A . , Rnd V B A ,
. V B A
RAND () Excel.


- , -.
, ,
,
. # ! . ,
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.
,
.

MsgBox,
.
- .
, ,
,
.

40. VBA

791

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.
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,
Excel. .
<F9>, , ' , .
,
( <F8>).
V B A .


Excel
. ,
.

/
/

, P r i v a t e . , VBA,
P r iv a t e .

,
. .

1. - .
2. Excel.
3. ^,

.
4.
.
,
,

.
5. ,
(. 40.3).

6.
.

. 40.3.
,
.


V B A ,
M a c r o O p t io n s .
.
,

.
792

VI. Excel

Excel 2010.

. 40.4 ,
.
3 (). , ,
.
Sub ()
A p p l i c a t i o n . M a c r o O p t i o n s M a c r o : = " _ " , _
D e s c r i p t i o n s
", _
C a t e g o r y := 3 , _
A r g u m e n t D e s c r i p t i o n s : = ( " " , _
" ")
End Sub
V B A .
. ,
.

. 40.4.
,


, ,
, ,
.
,
Visual Basic. , 44
V B A .

40. VBA

793

...
Excel,

,

. Excel,

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: ,
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, , ,

.

, VBA

(UserForm).



,
. ,
, ,
, .

.
,
-
.
.
,

( ,
).
S tr C o n v .
Sub _ ()
For Each cell In Selection
If Not cell.HasFormula Then

c e ll.V a lu e
End I f
Next c e l l
End Sub

= S t r C o n v ( c e l l . V a l u e , vb U p p e rC a se)

, . ,
,

. , ,
,
. ,
, . 41.1. ,
Visual Basic V B A .

. 41.1. ,

,
.
.
, ,
.


,
V B A . , V B A M s g B o x In p u t B o x ,
, .
, , ,
, .


I n p u t B o x ( ), E x
cel, V B A .
V B A I n p u t B o x :
I n p u t B o x ( [ , ] [ , _ ])
.

. , ( ).

. , (
).
I

796

VI. Excel

_ . , (
).

In p u t B o x :
= I n p u t B o x ( " :" ,

" " )

11 V B A Excel ,
. 41.2. , ,
_ .
, .

. 41.2. ,
In p u tB o x

VBA MsgBox
V B A M s g B o x ,
,
. ,
. M s g B o x :
M sgBox( [ , ] [ , ] )
.

. , ( ).

. , (
).

. , (
).

M s g B o x ,
, - .
, .
M s g B o x :
Sub MsgBoxDemo()
MsgBox " "
End Sub
. 41.3 , .

41.

797

..

. 41.3. ,
M sgBox
, , M s g B o x
- .
( . 41.1), ,
M sgB o x .
Sub ()
= M sg B ox ( "?", vbYesNo)
S e l e c t C ase
C ase vb Y es
'
[ , ,
1
] . . .
C ase vbNo
'
[ , ,
'
] . . .
End S e l e c t
End Sub
,
v b Y e s vbN o, . S e l e c t C a s e
, .

. . 41.1 V B A ,
M s g B o x . ,
,
.

4 1 .1 . , M s g B o x

vbOKOnly

vbOK Cancel

vb A b o rtR etry lg n o r

vbY esN oC ancel

vbY esN o

vb R e t r y C a n e 1

v b C r itic a l

16


( )

798

VI. Excel

. 41.1

v b Q u estio n

32


( )

v b E x c 1 amat i on

48


( )

v b ln fo r m a tio n

64

i
( )

v b D efa u ltB u tto n l

vb D e f a u l t B u t t o n 2

256

v b D efa u ltB u tto n 3

512

,
( v b Y e s N o )
( v b Q u e s t i o n ) . ( v b D e f a u l t B u t t o n 2 )
, , <Enter>.
,
M sg B o x .
Sub ()
C o n f i g = vbY esNo + v b Q u e s t i o n + v b D e f a u l t B u t t o n 2
= M sgB o x( " ? " ,
I f = v b Y es Then
I f = vbNo Then End
End Sub
. 41.4 ,

. ,
R u n R e p o r t (
). (
<Enter>),
. M s g B o x t i t l e
,

Microsoft Excel.

M sgB o x:

. 41.4.
MsgBox
,

Sub 2 ()
Msg = " ?
Msg = Msg
&
vbLf & vbLf
Msg = Msg
&
"
"
Msg = Msg
&
"15 .

"
Msg = Msg
&
" 3 0 - . "
T i t l e = " "
C o n f i g = vbY esNo + v b Q u e s t i o n
Ans = MsgBox(M sg, C o n f i g , T i t l e )
I f Ans = v b Y es Then
I f Ans = vbNo Then End
End Sub

41.

799


. M s g (&)
. v b L f ,
(
).
, . . 41.5 ,
.

. 41.5.



I n p u t B o x M sgB o x ,
.
, Visual Basic (UserForm).
, .

1. ,
.
2. Visual Basic .
3. .
4. VBA .
V B A .

5. ( )
.
.
.


,
Visual Basic. Visual Basic,
^Visual Basic < A lt+ F ll> . ,
Project () , Inserts
UserForm (^ ). ,

800

VI. Excel

. 41.6. T o o lb o x C o n tro ls
( ),
.

. 41.6.



, ,
T o o lb o x ( ).
- ,
T o o lb o x , .
T o o lb o x ,
, .
T o o lb o x
. 41.2.
% .

, 42.

41.

801

41.2. Toolbox

S e l e c t O b j e c t s ( )

L a b e l ()

( )

T e x t B o x ()

( )

( )


( )

L i s t B o x ()

(
)

C h e c k B o x ()

( )

O p t i o n B u t t o n ()

( )

T o g g l e B u t t o n ()

( )

Frame ()

( )

C om m a nd B utton ()

T a b s t r i p ( )

(
)

M u l t i P a g e ( )

( )

S c r o l l B a r ( )

S p i n B u t t o n ()

Im a g e ()

R e f E d i t ( )


( )


, ,
, . ,
H eig h t () W id th (), ,
. P ro p ertie s ().
P ro p e rtie s , V ie w 1^ P r o p e r tie s W in d o w
( ^ ) <F4>. P ro p e rtie s
(
). , . . 41.7
P ro p e rtie s .
- , P ro p e rtie s ,
. , B a c k C o lo r ( ),
. P ro p e rtie s ,
. ,
, , .
P ro p e rtie s , ,
. , V B A ,
, ,
.. .

802

VI. Excel

I Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications - show m essage . . . B Is E s

Puc. 41.7.
.
, Properties <F1>.
-'
. (
. . .)


, , V B A , , .
, ,
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. ,
.
.
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). ,
. . .

41.

803


, ,
, S h o w () U s e r F o r m
( ). U s e r F o r m l ,
, :
Sub _ _ ()
U s e r F o r m l . Show
End Sub
V B A ,
. V B - V B A , , ,
In s e rt^ M o d u le .

U s e r F o r m l . , .


.
. :
.
M sg B o x ,
.

-.


, .
.

1. ^ ^ ! B a s ic
<A lt+F ll>, Visual Basic.
2. Visual Basic
.
3. In s e r t s U s e rF o rm .
U s e r F o r m l T o o lb o x .

4. <F4>, P ro p e rtie s (),


.

()
C a p t i o n ()

Name

5. T oolbo x L a b e l ()2.

2 ,
. . .

804

VI. Excel

6. L a b e l . P ro p e rtie s C a p
t i o n () , .

7. P ro p e rtie s L a b e l F o n t ()

. , ..
. . 41.8
.

8. ,
.
I

Name ()
C a p t i o n ()

D e f a u l t ( )

T ru e ()

9. , . ,
, .

...

. 41.8.


. . ,
, .

1. , Insert^Module (1^ ).
2. :
Sub _ _ ()
_. Show
End Sub

3. Excel (,
< A lt+ F ll> ).

,
^ <Alt+F8>.
5.
. .

4.

41.

805

,
. . :
, , .

, .

- 42.


, ,
. , .

1. <Alt+Fll>, Visual Basic.


2. ,
Project.
3. .
4.
, . 41.9.

I Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications - ! - [...

Puc. 41.9.
5.

E n d Sub:
U n lo a d _

.
, .

806

VI. Excel

P r i v a t e Sub _()
U n lo a d _
End Sub



, ,
_, .
,
.
: , .

-, .


, :
, . ,
, .
( ).

1. < A lt+Fll>, Vis


ual Basic.
2. Visual Basic In s e rts U serForm .
U s e rF o rm l Toolbox.
3. <F4>, ,
, .

Name ()

__

C a p t i o n ()

4. ( C o m m a n d B u t t o n )
, .

Name ()

C a p t i o n ()

D e f a u l t ( )

True ()

5. .

Name ()

C a p t i o n ()

C a n c e l ()

True ()

41.

807

6. ( O p t i o n B u t t o n ) .
( , V a lu e
() rue.)

Name ()

C a p t i o n ()

V a l u e ()

True ()

7. .

Name ()

C a p t i o n ()

8. .

Name ()

C a p t i o n ()

9. ,
, . 41.10. ,
.

Puc. 41.10.

808

VI. Excel

Visual Basic , .
, Form at.


.
.
.

1. , Visual Basic .
2. , Inserts Module.
3. :
Sub _ ()
_ _ . Show
End Sub

4. RuiT=>Run Sub/UserForm (^
/) <F5>.
Excel,
(. 41.11). ,
.
. ,
.

. 41.11.


:
C l i c k () ,
C l i c k .

41.

809

,
V B A .
.
C l i c k ,
.

1. __,
Project.
2. . Visual Basic
.

3. E n d Sub:
U n lo a d _ _
. , .
P r i v a t e Sub _ ()
U n lo a d _ _
End Sub
.
, _ _ _ .
C l i c k .
, .

1. ,
, . , . _ 1 1 .

2. (
):
P r i v a t e Sub _11()
A p p lic a tio n .S c r e e n U p d a tin g = F a lse
'

I f T y p e N a m e ( S e l e c t i o n ) <> "Range" Then

I f _ Then
F or Each c e l l I n S e l e c t i o n
I f N ot c e l l . H a s F o r m u l a Then
c e ll.V a lu e = S tr C o n v (c e ll.V a lu e ,
End I f
Next c e l l
End I f
1

I f _ Then
F or E ach c e l l I n S e l e c t i o n
I f N ot c e l l . H a s F o r m u l a Then
c e ll.V a lu e = S tr C o n v (c e ll.V a lu e ,
End I f
Next c e l l
End I f
1

I f _ Then
F or E ach c e l l I n S e l e c t i o n
I f N ot c e l l . H a s F o r m u l a Then
c e ll.V a lu e = S tr C o n v (c e ll.V a lu e ,
End I f

810

E x i t Sub

v b U p p e rC a se)

v b L o w erC a se)

vbProperCase)

VI. Excel

N ext c e l l
End I f

U n lo a d _ _
End Sub
(
). . ,
.
, , .
V a lu e , True.
().


, .

1. Excel.
2. - .
3. .
4. ^
<Alt+F8>.
5. _
, .
6. .
. , ,
, -
.
, (
, ).


, , .
. ,
- ,
. Excel , .

1. ^.

2. .

3. Excel .
4. _. ,
.
5. ,
.

41.

811


. Excel
A ctiveX.
42.

-,
. , , ,
, .
, .

1. , , , .
2.
.
3. Excel
.
4. .
5. -,
.
6. Excel
.



, .
, ,
, Excel. ,
, ,
Excel.


,
, . Excel
, ,
. ,
<1- >.

. Properties () ,
. A c c e l
e r a t o r ( ).

812

VI. Excel

, , ,
, (
). .

, (..
).
( ) C a p t i o n
(), .

( ,
).



. <>
<Shift+Tab> .
, ,
. ,
.
,
V ie w ^ T a b O rd e r (^ ). T a b O rd e r ( ).
M o v e U p (
) M o v e D o w n ( )
.


,
. , , Excel,
.
.

Visual Basic.

41.

813

4
...

, L
.
,

, . , ,

,
, .



.
, , ,
,
,

.

, .
, ,
,
. ,

. ,
,
.


ActiveX

. 42.1 , ,
.

. 42.1.
-, .

,
.
, *^
^. (. 42.2),
, .

.
Excel.

ActiveX. ActiveX,
(. ), Excel.
. 42.2 , ^ *^ .
Excel , .
. , ,
.
. ActiveX ,
.

816

VI. Excel

. 42.2.
ActiveX.

. 42.1

ActiveX

42.1. ActiveX

(CheckBox)
(TextBox)
(CommandButton)
(OptionButton)
(ListBox)
(ComboBox)
(ToggleButton)
(SpinButton)
(ScrollBar)
(Label)
(Image)


( )

(
)
( )

( )
( )

( )
,
( )
ActiveX,

,
, ..
. . 42.1 ,
ActiveX. . .

42.

817


.
, , , ,
.


,

,
.
,
.

ActiveX,
. .


Excel .
,
.

Excel ,
. /
.
Excel ,
.
.


,
. .
Excel
. ,
.
, .

1. , Excel .
2. , .
3.
Properties (), -

Properties,

. 42.3.

4. .

818

VI. Excel

. 42.3.
.
, .
, F o n t (), ,
. ,
.
.

( ), Properties <F1 >.

P ro p e rtie s . A lp h a b e tic ( )
, C a te g o riz e d ( )
. , .


()
. , . 42.2.

42.

819

42.2.

A u t o S i z e ()

T ru e (),

B a c k C o l o r ( )

B a c k S t y l e ( )

( )

C a p t i o n ()

L i n k e d C e l l ( )

L i s t F i l l R a n g e (

, ,
L i s t B o x ()
ComboBox ( )

)
V a l u e ()

L e f t ( )

w i d t h H e i g h t ( )

V i s i b l e ()

- False (),

Name ()

.
.
, :

P i c t u r e ()


. (
)



ActiveX, ,
- . L i n k e d C e l l
( ), ,
.
,
L i n k e d C e l l 1. ,
,
1. .

/
/

L i n k e d C e l l Properties,
(.. ) - .
.

820

VI. Excel


Visual B a
sic. , ,
,
. , C l i c k (),
D b l C l i c k ( ) .

VBA - ( , Excel ). , c h e c k B o x C l i c k . Excel Visual Basic


c l i c k (. 42.4).

Puc. 42.4.
Visual Basic
,
, .
, .
, ,
( C o m m a n d B u t t o n ) ,
.

42.

821

1. .
2. ActiveX
.
3. ,
. Excel .
4. .
Visual Basic .

5. VBA E n d Sub:
MsgBox " "

6. <A lt+Fll>, Excel.


7. ( .) Properties .
,
Properties .
8.
, .
, ,
, .

VBA .
VBA . , . ,
, VBA- C a l l .
.

ActiveX
ActiveX,
Excel.
CD J lfcL

- ,
ActiveX.

(C h e c k B o x ) ,
: , , ..
.

A c c e l e r a t o r ( ). ,
. ,
, < A lt+A >
.

L i n k e d C e l l ( ). ,
. , ,
.

822

VI. Excel


Com boBox,
, .
.
, ,
.
. 42.5 , D l : D12
L i s t F i l l R a n g e ( ), 1
L i n k e d C e l l ( ).

. 42.5.

B o u n d e d u m n ( ). ,
, .

C o lu m n C o u n t ( ). .

L i n k e d C e l l ( ). ,
, .

L i s t F i l l R a n g e ( ). ,
.

L i s t R o w s ( ).
.

L i s t S t y l e ( ). .

S t y l e ( ).
: () .
.

,
. 25.

42.

823


(C o m m an d B u tto n ) ,
, .
, ,
Click. , _,
C l ic k . ,
.

Im a g e .
.

A u t o S i z e (). T ru e (),
, .

P i c t u r e (). ,
P ro p e rtie s , Excel ,
, .
, P ro p e rtie s P i c t u r e
<Ctrl+V>.

..-;

, ^ ^ . im age .

( L a b e l) .
,
.

( L i s t B o x ) ,
( ).
.

B o u n d C o lu m n ( ). ,
, .

C o lu m n C o u n t ( ). .

I n t e g r a l H e i g h t ( ).

T ru e (), ,
.
.

824

L i n k e d C e l l ( ). ,
.

VI. Excel

L i s t F i l l R a n g e ( ). ,
.

L i s t S t y l e ( ). .

M u l t i S e l e c t ( ).
.

L in k e d C e 11 . ,

( O p t i o n B u t t o n ) ,
.
, .
.

A c c e l e r a t o r ( ). ,
. , -
, <A lt+C >
.

G roupN am e ( ). ,
,
.
/

L i n k e d C e l l ( ). ,
. ,
, .

/
/

, ,
( GroupName),
.
,
.


( S c r o l l B a r ) .
, ,
. . 42.6
,
, .
.
.

V a lu e (). .

M in (). .

(). .

42.

825

Pwc. 42.6.

L i n k e d C e l l ( ). ,
.

S m a l l C h a n g e ( ).
.

L a r g e C h a n g e ( ). ,
.

( S p l i n B u t t o n )
( , ).
.

V a lu e (). .

M in (). .

(). .

826

VI. Excel

L i n k e d C e l l ( ). ,
.

S m a llC h a n g e ( ). ,
. 1,
.

, (T e x tB o x ) ,
, .
, ,
. ,

.
. 42.7 ,
. ,
S c r o l l B a r s .

. 42.7t
.
A u t o S i z e ().
.

I n t e g r a l H e i g h t ( ).
True (), ,
.

.

M ax L en g th ( ). ,
. 0,
.

M u l t i L i n e ( ). T r u e ,
.

T e x t A l i g n ().
.

42.

827

W ordw rap ( ). , .

S c r o l l B a r s ( ).
: , , .

( T o g g le B u t t o n ) : .
,
. ru e (),
F a ls e ( ).
.

828

VI. Excel


Excel


VBA
. Excel
.
Excel,
.

Excel
Excel
,
,
VBA.
, .
. ,
.
O pen (
), B e f o r e S a v e (
), N e w S h e e t (
). VBA,
,
T h is W o rk b o o k .
. ,
.
C h a n g e (
), S e l e c t i o n C h a n g e (
), C a l c u l a t i o n (
).
VBA,
, ,
(, S h e e t l ) .
, .
-

43
...
Excel


: O nTim e ( ) ( ).
.


, .
T h is W o r k book. ,
(, S h e e t l) .
, .
, , , Visual Basic .
,
.
. 43.1 T h is W o r k b o o k ( ).
, P ro je ct. ,
W o rk b o o k .
,
.
, E n d Sub.

Puc. 43.1.
Visual Basic
, W o rk b o o k ,
O pen (), Visual Basic () :
P r i v a t e S u b ' W orkbook_Open()
End Sub
.
. ,
, (
S h e e t A c t i v a t e ) . ,
, Visual Basic :

830

VI. Excel

P r i v a t e Sub W o r k b o o k _ S h e e t A c t i v a t e ( B y V a l Sh As O b j e c t )
End Sub
S h,
. , S h O b j e c t ,
W o r k s h e e t ( ),
, ( C h a r t ) .
, , ,
. ,
, Name () ,
. W o r k s h e e t C h a r t .
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k b o o k _ S h e e t A c t i v a t e ( B y V a l Sh As O b j e c t )
MsgBox " " & Sh.Name
End Sub
C a n c e l (),
B o o l e a n . , , B e f o r e P r i n t ( ) , Visual Basic :
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k b o o k _ B e f o r e P r i n t ( C a n c e l As B o o l e a n )
C a n c e l, ,

F a ls e . T ru e , .
:
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k b o o k _ B e f o r e P r i n t ( C a n c e l As B o o l e a n )
Msg = " ?"
= MsgBox(M sg, vbYesNo)
I f = v b Y es Then C a n c e l = T ru e
End Sub
.
,
. , C a n c e l
rue, .


. ^
. 43.1. ,
, T h i s W o r k b o o k .

43.1 .

A c t i v a t e ()

A d d i n i n s t a l l ( )

A d d i n U n i n s t a l l ( )

B e f o r e c i o s e ( )

B e f o r e P r i n t ( )

( -,
)

43. Excel

831

. 43.1

B e f o r e s a v e ( )

D e a c t i v a t e ()

N e w S h e e t ( )

()

Open ()

S h e e t A c t i v a t e ( )

S h e e t B e f o r e D o u b l e C l i c k ( - .

S h e e t B e f o r e R i g h t C l i c k (

-
.
,

S h e e t C a l c u l a t e ( )

( )

S h e e t C h a n g e ( )

S h e e t D e a c t i v a t e ( )

S h e e t F o l l o w H y p e r l i n k (

,
,

S h e e t S e l e c t i o n C h a n g e (

)
w i n d o w A c t i v a t e ( )

W i n d o w D e a c t i v a t e ( )

w i n d o w R e s i z e ( )

,
.
T h i s W o r k b o o k ,
.

Open

O p e n (),
W o r k b o o k _ O p e n .
:

, ,
.

832

VI. Excel

, workbook_Open . , . ,
<Shift>, W orkbook_Open .

W orkbook_O pen.
V B A W e e kd ay ( ), .
, ,
. , .
P r i v a t e Sub W orkbook_Open()
I f Weekday(Now) = 5 Then
= " ."
= & vbC rLf & _
" !"
MsgBox , v b l n f o r m a t i o n
End I f
End Sub
,
Excel, ? ,
V B A Excel .
.
S e n d K e y s .
<Alt+H>, .
<F6> Excel.
P r i v a t e Sub W orkbook_Open()
A p p l i c a t i o n . S e n d K e y s ( "%h{F6}")
End Sub
.
Excel, D a t a E n t r y
. D a t a E n t r y ,
.
P r i v a t e Sub W orkbook_Open()
A p p lic a t io n .W in d o w S ta t e = xlM a x im ized
A c tiv e W i n d o w .W i n d o w S t a t e = x l M a x i m i z e d
W o r k sh e e ts( "D ataEntry") . A c t i v a t e
R a n g e (" A l" ).E n d (x lD o w n ).o ffse t( 1 , 0 ) .S e le c t
End Sub

SheetActivate
-
. 1.
On E r r o r R esum e N e x t ,
, :
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k b o o k _ S h e e t A c t i v a t e ( B y V a l Sh As O b j e c t )
On E r r o r Resume N e x t
R a n g e (" A l" ).S e le c t
End Sub

. Sh, .
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k b o o k _ S h e e t A c t i v a t e ( B y V a l Sh As O b j e c t )
I f TypeName(Sh) = "W orksheet" Then R a n g e ( " A l" ) . S e l e c t
End Sub

43. Excel

833

NewSheet
.
. ,
, .
, 1 :
P r i v a t e Sub W ork b o ok _ N ew S h eet(B yV a l Sh As O b j e c t )
I f TypeNam e(Sh) = "W orksheet" Then _
R a n g e (" A l" ) = " " & Now()
End Sub

BeforeSave
W o r k b o o k _ B e f o r e S a v e
. , ^
,
. W o r k b o o k _ B e f o r e S a v e
, :
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k b o o k _ B e fo r e S a v e _
(ByVal S aveA sU I As B o o l e a n , C a n c e l As B o o l e a n )
I f S aveA sU I Then
MsgBox " OK "
End I f
End Sub
W o r k b o o k _ B e f o r e S a v e
.
, S a v e A s U I T ru e .
,
.
B e f o r e S a v e
C a n c e l. C a n c e l T ru e ,
.

Bef oreClose
, W o rk b o o k _ B e f o r e C lo s e .
W orkb ook_O pe n ,
. W o rk J
b o o k _ B e f o r e C lo s e !
.
, , -
, Excel
.

834

Excel , , B e f o r e C lo s e , , W orkb ook_B e f o r e C lo s e


.

VI. Excel


Excel.

.
. 43.2 .
.
1 , 2 ..

43.2.

A c t i v a t e ()

B e f o r e D o u b l e C l i c k ( )

B e f o r e R i g h t C l i c k (

)
C a l c u l a t e ()

( )

C h an g e ()

D e a c t i v a t e ()

F o l l o w H y p e r l i n k (

,
,

)
)

P i v o t T a b l e U p d a t e (

S e l e c t i o n C h a n g e (

Change
C h a n g e , -
. ,
.
( W o rk s h e e t _ C h a n g e ) (
Visual Basic T a r g e t (,
)), R a n g e () ,
, C h an ge .
, :
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k s h e e t _ C h a n g e (B y V a l T a r g e t As E x c e l . R a n g e )
MsgBox " " & T a r g e t . A d d r e s s & " "
End Sub
, C h a n g e ,
W o r k s h e e t ( ),
Excel (, , ,
, ..). C h an g e ,
, .

43. Excel

835

, C h a n g e ,
, ,
. , , .

C h a n g e (
), ^^^
.

(, <Del>) .

Excel, ,
C h an ge , .

Excel C h ange ,
. ,
C h ange. ,
.

- V B A ,
C h an ge .



C h a n g e ,
.
. W o r k s h e e t _ C h a n g e
R an g e . R a n g e ,
.
, _
. R a n g e
() C h a n g e ,
W o r k s h e e t_ C h a n g e , T a r g e t ,
, _.
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k s h e e t _ C h a n g e (B y V a l T a r g e t As E x c e l . R a n g e )
Dim As Range
S e t = R a n g e ( "_")
I f U n i o n ( T a r g e t ; ) . A d d r e s s = .A d d r e s s Then
MsgBox " "
End I f
End Sub
, ,
. , ,
V B A U n io n () T a r g e t
( ), ^
, , _(.
, 1
.
j
. C h a n g e ^,
,
(, ).
T a r g e t , ,
_, .
W o r k s h e e t_ C h a n g e , ,

836

VI. Excel

T a r g e t (.. _),
, .
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k s h e e t _ C h a n g e (B y V a l T a r g e t As E x c e l . R a n g e )
S e t = R a n g e ( "_")
For Each I n T a r g e t
I f U n i o n ( , ) .A d d r e s s = .A d d r e s s Then
MsgBox " "
End I f
N e x t
End Sub

SelectionChange
S e l e c t i o n C h a n g e ,
.
:
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k s h e e t _ S e l e c t i o n C h a n g e ( B y V a l T a r g e t _
As E x c e l . R a n g e )
C e l l s . I n t e r i o r . C o lo r ln d e x = xlN on e
W ith A c t i v e C e l l
. E n t i r e R o w . I n t e r i o r . C o l o r l n d e x = 35
. E n t i r e C o l u m n . I n t e r i o r . C o l o r l n d e x = 35
End W ith
End Sub
,
, .
,
- , . 43.2.

-, .

S3 Sz

selection change vent [ ]

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
I 10
11
j 12
j 13
j 14
j 15
?

* 1.

S h e e tl

551
548
665
699
640
649
538
618
587
573
613
657

664
572
513
667
581
689
516
533
546
616
692
518

582
577
546
663
661
569
660
611
584
6I 2P "
617
597


.. \

.........
<3

607
675
529
500
678
673
562
504
586
510
591
518
626
523
681
585
575
538
602|
696
603
544
630
638

3 * 1........

w ....

..1 "

513
681
566
626
542
607
560
641
624

557
635
693
595
537
625
689
618
648
620
678
652

621
601
602

.......

..

. 43.2.

43. Excel

837

, ,
. -
, .

Bef oreRightClick
,
. -
, R i g h t C l i c k (
). C a n c e l ()
T ru e , R i g h t C l i c k
. :
P r i v a t e Sub W o r k s h e e t _ B e f o r e R i g h t C l i c k _
(ByVal T a r g e t As E x c e l . R a n g e , C a n c e l As B o o l e a n )
C a n c e l = T rue
MsgBox "He !"
End Sub

,
, , ,
, , ..
: O nTim e ( ) (
), .
A p p l i c a t i o n .

, ,
On VBA.

OnTime
O nTim e . ,

3 :
Sub _ ()
A p p l i c a t i o n . OnTime 0 . 6 2 5 , ""
End Sub
Sub ()

MsgBox "! ! "


End Sub
_ O nTim e
A p p l i c a t i o n OnTime. :
( 0,625, 15 ) ,
O nTim e (
). _ 15
, .

838

VI. Excel

,
Excel. V B A
T im e V a l ( ), ,
, , Excel.
_ :
A p p l i c a t i o n . OnTime T i m e V a l u e ( " 1 5 : 0 0 : 0 0 " ) ,

""

,
(, 20 ), :
A p p l i c a t i o n . OnTime Now + T i m e V a l u e ( " 0 0 : 2 0 : 0 0 " ) ,

""

OnTim e ,
. , Excel .


Excel ,
.
.
.
<PgD n> <PgUp>.
_ <PgD n>
P gD n_ Su b, <PgUp> P gU p _ Su b .
.
Sub _ ()
A p p l i c a t i o n . "{P gD n}",
A p p l i c a t i o n . "{P gU p}",
End Sub

"PgDn_Sub"
"PgUp_Sub"

Sub P gD n_Sub()
On E r r o r Resume N e x t
A c t i v e C e l l . O f f s e t (1 , 0 ) . A c t i v a t e
End Sub
Sub P gU p_Sub()
On E r r o r Resume N e x t
A c t iv e C e ll.O f f s e t (-1,

0 ) .A c tiv a te

, () .
Visual Basic (
).
P gD n _S ub P g U p _ Su b On E r r o r R esum e N e x t ,
. ,
, ,
.
, <PgDn> <PgUp> ,
.
<PgDn> <PgUp>
:

43. Excel

839

Sub C a n c e l_ O n K e y ()
A p p l i c a t i o n . O n K e y "{PgDn}"
A p p l i c a t i o n . O n K e y "{PgUp}"
End Sub

,
. " Excel
( ),
. <Alt+F4> (
<Alt>):
A p p l i c a t i o n . O n K e y "%{F4}"/

840

""

VI. Excel

VBA

V B A
.
,
.
V B A .
: -,
, -, V B A
Excel.
,
V B A .

.
.
.

V B A .

, ,
-, .


, V B A ,
.
.

V B A .

, ,
, .

, .
, ,
.

V B A . ,
R a n g e ( " " ) 1 , R a n g e ( " D 4 5 " ). ,
,
45, .

, ,
: (
. 39).
.

, ,
, ,
. ,
.
, .
(

U se d R a n ge ).

, Excel . ,
, <Ctrl>, .
, )
,
.


, .
1 :5 1 :5,
:
Sub _ ()
R a n g e (" 1: 5" ). S e l e c t
S e l e c t i o n . Copy
R a n g e (" B l" ).S e le c t
A c tiv e S h e e t. P aste
A p p lica tio n .C u tC o p y M o d e = F a l s e
End Sub
,
.
:
Sub _ 2 ()
R a n g e ("A l : 5 " ) . Copy R a n g e ("1")
End Sub
1

1 V B A Range. . .

842

VI. Excel

, ,
, .
Visual Basic.
, ,
. , ,
. , . ,
.



,
.
. 44.1 , ,
.
, ,
, .

. 44.1.

,
, 1.
C u r r e n t R e g io n ( ), -,
. ,
,

.
Sub __()
Range ( " 1 " ) .CurrentRegion.Copy Sheets ( " 2 " ) .Ra n g e ( " 1 ")
End Sub

44. VBA

843


, <Ctrl+Shift+ >
> <Ctrl+Shift+i>
.
, ,
, .. ( )
.
,
. ,
, , , ..
Sub _ ()
R a n g e ( A c t iv e C e ll, A c t i v e C e l l . E n d (xlD ow n )) . S e l e c t
End Sub
, R a n g e .
, .
E n d () R a n g e (),
Range. E n d ,
: x lU p (), x lD o w n (), x l T o L e f t (),
x l T o R i g h t ().


, ,
. E n t ir e C o lu m n ( ),
, .
Sub _ ()
A c t i v e C e l l . E n tireC o lu m n . S e l e c t
End Sub

He , E n t ir e R o w ( ),
, .
,
. ,
, :
Sub _()
A c t i v e C e l l . E n t i r e R o w . F o n t . B o l d = True
End Sub


: ,
.
, :
Sub _ ()
R a n g e ( " A l : " ) . S e l e c t
S ele c tio n .C u t
R a n g e (" A 1 0 " ).S e le c t
A c tiv e S h e e t. P aste
End Sub

844

VI. Excel

, , ,
( ) .
V B A :
Sub _ 2 ()
R a n g e ( " A l : " ) . Cut R a n g e ( "10")
End Sub
, C u t ()
, , ,
.


, ,
, .
F o r - N e x t , .
, .
, . (
R an ge .) C e l l ()
, . F o r - N e x t
, ,
(v b R e d ,
).
Sub _ ()
Dim C e l l As Range
For Each C e l l I n S e l e c t i o n
I f C e l l . V a l u e < 0 Then C e l l . F o n t . C o l o r = vbRed
N ext C e ll
End Sub
. ,
.
, Excel .
, ,
, .
.
S e l e c t S p e c i a l
( ). S e l e c t S p e c i a l
- ,
, .
, :
Sub _ _ ()
Dim C o n s t a n t C e l l s As Range
Dim C e l l As Range
'
On E r r o r Resume N e x t
'
S e t C o n s t a n t C e l l s = S e l e c t i o n . S p e c i a l C e l l s ( x l C o n s t a n t s , 23)
For E ach C e l l I n C o n s t a n t C e l l s
I f C e l l . V a l u e < 0 Then C e l l . F o n t . C o l o r = vbRed
N ext c e l l

44. VBA

845

S e t F o r m u l a C e l l s = S e l e c t i o n . S p e c i a l C e l l s ( x l F o r m u l a s , 23)
For Each c e l l I n F o r m u l a C e l l s
I f C e l l . V a l u e < 0 Then C e l l . F o n t . C o l o r = vbRed
Next c e l l
End Sub
_ _ ,
, . , ,
, .
, .
_ .
:
On E r r o r Resume N e x t
Excel
. , S p e c i a l C e l l s
( ) ,
,
. Excel
, :
On E r r o r GoTo


41, ,
I n p u t B o x V B A (. 44.2).

. 44.2. In p u tB o x

!
. ^
,
1 :

.....

846

"

*...

.......................

VI. Excel

Sub _ ()
R a n g e ( " A l" ) . V a l u e = I n p u t B o x ( " A l" )
End Sub


,
, ( - ).
.
:
Sub _ ()
MsgBox T y p e N a m e ( S e l e c t i o n )
End Sub
, M s g B o x
R a n g e (). ,
I f , , .
,
, ( R an ge ).
Sub _ ()
I f T y p e N a m e ( S e l e c t i o n ) <> "Range" Then
MsgBox " "
E x i t Sub
End I f
'
. . . [ ]
End Sub
,
T r u e (), , F a l s e ( )
. .
F u n c t i o n _ ( ) As B o o l e a n
_ = F a l s e
I f TypeNam e() = "Range" Then _ = True
End F u n c t i o n
_ , _
:
Sub _ ()
I f _ ( S e l e c t i o n ) Then
'
. . . [ ]
E lse
v
MsgBox " "
E x i t Sub
End I f
End Sub


, Excel
<Ctrl> . -
,
. , ,
:

44. VBA

Sub _()
If Selection.Areas.Count > 1 Then
MsgBox " "
Exit Sub
End If
1

...

End Sub

A r e a s (),
. C ount ()
.
, T rue (),
.
Function _() As Boolean
_ = Selection.Areas.Count > 1
End Function


, .
C ount Range.
:
MsgBox Selection.Count
Excel 2007 Count
. Long ( ),
, 2 147483647. ,
2 048 Excel 2007 ( 21 4 7 483 648 ), Count
. , Microsoft CountLange,
Double ( ) 1.79+308.
, Count .
(, ),
Count CountLange.

.
_:
_ = R a nge("").Count

VBA .
:
Selection.Columns.Count

, , Rows ()
.
_:
_ = Range("").Row s .Count

Excel
VBA
Excel.

848

VI. Excel


W orkbooks
, :
Public Sub _()
Dim As Workbook
For Each In Workbooks
If .Path <> "" Then .Save
Next
End Sub

P a th ()
. P a th , ,
(.. ).
, P a th .


W orkbooks,
:
Public Sub _()
Dim As Workbook
For Each In Workbooks
If .Name <> ThisWorkbook.Name Then
.Close savechanges:=True
End If
Next
ThisWorkbook.Close savechanges:=True
End Sub

F o r -N e x t ,
, . ,
, .


VBA ,
.
, -
, Excel .
, , ,
.
. , ,
. C h a r tO b je c t, C h a r tO b je c t C h art.
, C hartO bj e c t .
,
( ),
, . ,
- _
1:

44. VBA

849

Dim _ As Chart
Set _ = ActiveSheet.ChartObjects("1" )


, ,
.
. C hart ( )
C hart. x lC o lu m n C lu s te r e d .
Sub ChartType()
Dim ChtObj As ChartObject
For Each ChtObj In ActiveSheet.ChartObjects
ChtObj.Chart.ChartType = xlColumnClustered
Next ChtObj
End Sub

C hartO bj e c t
F o r -N e x t. ,
.
,
:
Sub ChartType2()
Dim Cht As Chart
For Each Cht In ActiveWorkbook.Charts
Cht.ChartType = xlColumnClustered
Next Cht
End Sub



. F o r -N e x t C hartO bj e c t ,
Has L eg en d , ,
. F on t (),
Legend:
Sub _()
Dim ChtObj As ChartObject
For Each ChtObj In ActiveSheet.ChartObjects
ChtObj.Chart.HasLegend = True
With ChtObj.Chart.Legend.Font
.Name = "Arial"
.FontStyle = "Bold"
.Size = 8
End With
Next ChtObj
End Sub



( C h a rt 1 ).

850

VI. Excel

S u b _ ()
W ith A c t i v e S h e e t . C h a r t O b j e c t s ( "C h a rt 1 " ) . C h a rt
. C hartType = x lA rea
. C h a r tA r e a . Font.Nam e = " A r ia l"
.C h a rtA re a .F o n t.F o n tS ty le = "R egular"
.C h a rtA rea. F o n t.S ize = 9
.P lo tA re a . I n t e r i o r .C olorlndex = 6
.A x e s (x lV a lu e ) .T ic k L a b e ls . F o n t .B old = True
.A x e s (x lC a te g o ry ) .T ic k L a b e ls . F o n t .B old = True
End W ith
End Sub


VBA
VBA- , -
. , .


, , ,
. , ,
, .
,
. :
A p p lic a tio n .ScreenU pdating

= F alse

, -
, :
A p p lic a tio n .ScreenU pdating

= True


,
. ,
, Excel , . Excel
, . ,
, , . 44.3. ,
, .

. 44.3. Excel

44. VBA

851

, VBA
:
Application.DisplayAlerts = False

:
Application.DisplayAlerts = True


, , , ,

. , R a nge ()
:
Workbooks("_") .Worksheets("1") .Range("")

,
Set (). ,
Range,
Set = Workbooks("_") .Worksheets("1") .Range("")

, .
.Value = ,0725

,
.
.


, VBA
, . Excel
. , ,
. ( )
.
, , ,
Excel, .
.
. 44.1 VBA.
, ,
.

44.1 VBA

Byte ()


255

Boolean
()

True () False ()

Integer
()

-3 2 768 32 767

Long
( )

-2 1 4 7 483 648 2147 483 647

852

VI. Excel

. 44.1

Single
(
)

Double
(
)

Currency
(:
)

-9,2 -149,2 +14

Decimal ()

14

+/-7.928

Date ()

1 100 31 9999

Object
()

String
( )

10 +

0 2

String
( )

1 65 400

Variant
( )

16

Double

Variant
( )

22 +

0 2

User-defined
(
)


Or 3.438 - 1 ,4-45
1,4-45 4+38
- 1 .7+308 -4,9-324
4.9-324 0.7+308

, Excel Variant.
,
.
, .
D o u b l e
( Single).
Integer. , L o n g
, .
, ,
VBA .
, , VBA
.
, Dim.
, , :
Dim

as Integer

_ ,

Dim

_ '

as String

44. VBA

853

,
. (
), .

. :
Dim as Object
Set = Workbooks("_") .Worksheets("1") .Range("")

,
:
Option Explicit

Excel ,
. , ,
, . -
, .

854

VI. Excel


Excel

Excel
.

.


,
,
. Excel ,
,
.
,
.
Excel
. Excel
.
,
.

? .x la m .
, ,
,
.
,
.

Excel.

.
,
.
Excel. VBA
,
Excel.

. ,
( ) ,
, VBA .
, ,
. ,
, .
Excel ( ,
, Excel 2010)-
, .
, Excel ,
. , , ,
.

, Excel 2010.
, . ,
Excel.


(. 38)

<=>

VBA-

VBA-


,
Excel

1^ S o lu tio n s ^ E u ro
C o n v e rs io n 1^
S o lu tio n s ^ E u ro F o rm a ttin g

,

, .

1^ ^



Excel, .

1. ^ .
2. Excel .
3.
Excel .
(. 45.1)
Excel. , (
) .
, .

856

VI. Excel

. 45.1.
< A lt+ T I> .

&
!

^ ,
<=> .
- Excel ,
.
.

Excel ,
Excel. ,
, 1^

^ .
, Excel,
Excel.
( ) Excel 2007 ^
^ .
Excel - h t t p : / / o f f i c e ,
m i c r o s o f t .com.


Excel .

Excel , .
,
. .
'

45. Excel

857

.
, Excel , ,
.
, .
.
, ,
. , MOVAVG,
N ew fu n cs . x l s ,
:
=NEWFUNCS.X L S !MOVAVG(A l :5 0)
>

, ,
, :
=MOVAVG(Al:50)

.
,
.
.
Excel, , .
.
, ...?.


, ,
. , ,
(.. ),
, .

, . , ,
( ),
.
. ,
.
1. VBA .
2. ^ ^ ^
,
.
. ,
.
, (X).
3. VBA. () VBA
. Visual Basic Tools'1^
_ Properties (1^ _).
Properties Protection () Lock
project for viewing ( ). ,
.

858

VI. Excel

4. , ^
.
Excel (*.xlam ).

. , .

1. ^ . Excel
.
2.
Excel .
.
3. ,
( .xlam ).
,
, .

XLAM-
Visual Basic. , Excel,
Visual Basic, F ile ^ S a v e .


,
41. , ,
. . 45.2
.

. 45.2.
Excel

45. Excel

859

-,
.


,
. , ,
, , , .
Visual Basic I n s e r t s M o d u le
VBA (M od u lel), I n s e r t ^ U s e r F o r m
(U serF orm l).

Modulel
M o d u le l . ShowUserForm
. ,
, U serF o rm l. , (, ),
.
C hangeC aseO f T e x t
, (.
).
ShowUserForm .
Sub ShowUserForm()
If TypeName(Selection) = "Range" Then
UserForml.Show
Else
MsgBox " ."
End If
End Sub
Sub ChangeCaseOfText(ByVal control As IRibbonControl)
Call ShowUserForm
End Sub


. 45.3 U serF o rm l (
). ,
. ,
: A c c e l e r a t o r ()
, .
U serF o rm l
. ,
.
Private Sub OKButton_Click()
UserForml.Hide
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
'
,
If TypeName(Selection) <> "Range" Then Exit Sub

860

VI. Excel

If OptionUpper Then
For Each cell In Selection
If Not cell.HasFormula Then
cell.Value = StrConv(cell.Value, vbUpperCase)
End If
Next cell
End If
'

If OptionLower Then
For Each cell In Selection
If Not cell.HasFormula Then
cell.Value = StrConv(cell.Value, vbLowerCase)
End If
Next cell
End If
'

If OptionProper Then
For Each cell In Selection
If Not cell.HasFormula Then
cell.Value = StrConv(cell.Value, vbProperCase)
End If
Next cell
End If
End Sub

iMicrosoft Visual Basic for Applications - ! - [.

. 45.3. , Visual Basic

45. Excel

861

, .
Private Sub CancelButton_Click()
UserForml.Hide
End Sub


,
. , .
, , (
, ).
, .
, , .
<Alt+F8>, .
ShowUserForm
.


, .
^ ^ ^ ,
(. 45.4).
,
.

.

. 45.4.



. , .
1. Visual Basic.
2. Project-VBAProject (-VBAProject)
.
3. Tools'^ VBAProject Properties ( ^ VBA
), VBAProject - Project Properties (
VBA).
4. Protection (), . 45.5.
5. Lock project for viewing (
).

862

VI. Excel

6. .
7. .

. 45.5. P roject P roperties


, Excel
^ .
Excel (*.xlam ).
. Excel
Add Ins, .


, , ,
, . .
( ). ,
23.
( Excel 2007). ,
.
,
. 23,
.

Excel .
( ) Excel,
, CommandBar (
). Excel 2010 - CommandBar s.

45. Excel

863

, CommandBar, M e n u C o m m a n d s C u s to m
T o o lb a rs .
change case.xlsm , C o m
mandBar s, ThisWorkbook :
Private Sub Workbook_Open()
Set NewMenuItem = Application.CommandBars("Worksheet Menu Bar") _
.Controls("Tools").Controls.Add
With NewMenuItem
.Caption = "Change Case of Text... "
.BeginGroup = True
.OnAction = "ChangeCaseofText"
End With
End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_BeforeClose(Cancel As Boolean)
On Error Resume Next
Application.CommandBars("Worksheet Menu Bar").Controls("Tools"). _
Controls("Change Case of Tex t ...").Delete
End Sub
, M e n u
C o m m a n d s . ,
. .

Excel.

=>, Excel
.
Excel .
, (
.xlam ).
. .

864

VI. Excel


.
Excel.
-.
Excel,
.
, Excel.

VII
...


Excel



Excel


Excel


Excel.
,
.

,

.
,
, -.

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FPACI1

F-

FPACEIOBP

F-

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k-

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, -

868

VII.

Excel 2010.
.
.

.2.

OLAP

,
,
Excel

0LAP

OLAP

,
()

* Excel 2007

..

, ,

()

, ,

. Excel

869

.4.

( ),

360

, , 360

.*

.*

* Excel 2010

.5.

.I

in ()

.J

Jn ()

( )

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Yn ()

. .

. .

870

VII.

. .5

..

. .

..

..

. .

..

..

,
,

.ABS

()

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.SIN

- ,

.*

. .

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* Excel 2010

. Excel

871

..


100 .

872

VII.

. .6

,
,

,
,

, , ,

, , ,

100 . ,

100 .

100 .

100 . ,

100 .

100 . ,

. Excel

873

. .6

,
,

,
, ( )
( )

,
,

.7.

,
# /

,
Excel, # /

,
Excel

# /

874

VII.

.8.

, ;

.9.


,
(
)

, ,
,

()

. .
.

, (
)

. Excel

875

. .9


........

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| . 10.

ABS

ACOS

ACOSH

AS IN

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ATAN

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COS

COSH

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TANH

**

, ,

876

VII.

. . 10

.**

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, ,

71, 15

0 1

* Excel 2007
** Excel 2010

. Excel

877

.11.

F . * *

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. . 11

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)

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880

VII.

2.**

,
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,
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2.**

2 . .* *

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** Excel 20

. 12.

(
)

(
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29 . 3596

881

. . 12

, , ,
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882

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-.
.
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,
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Windows PC Microsoft
Excel 2010.
-.

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2. , ,
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12
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886

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14
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15
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16
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17
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887

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18
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19
c o n d i t i o n a l c o l o r s . x l s x . ,
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.
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.

21
c o l o r s c a l e e x a m p le . x l s x . ,
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c o n d i t i o n a l f o r m a t t i n g e x a m p le s . x l s x . ,
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888

VII.

c o n d i t i o n a l f o r m a t t i n g f o r m u la s . x l s x . ,
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d a t a b a r s e x a m p le s . x l s x . ,
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.

21
s p a r k l i n e e x a m p le s . x l s x . ,
.

22
p h o to s t y l e s . x l s x . , ,
.
s m a r t a r t demo . x l s x . , SmartArt.
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, SmartArt.
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w o r d a r t e x a m p le s . x l s x . , WordArt.

24
num ber fo r m a ts . x l s x . ,
.

25
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26
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27
d e p e n d e n t . x l s x . ,
( s o u r c e . x l s x ) .
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889

28
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33
b u d g e t d a t a . a c c d b . Microsoft Access 2007,
Microsoft Query.

34
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.
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35
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.

36
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m o rtg a g e lo a n d a t a t a b l e . x l s x . ,
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p r o d u c t io n m o d e l. x l s x . .

890

VII.

37
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38
a t p e x a m p le s . x l s x .
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39
c u b e r o o t . x l s m . VBA
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l i s t fo r m u la s .x l s m . ,
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40
v b a f u n c t i o n s .x l s m . VBA.

41
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show m e s s a g e x l s m . , .

42
m o r tg a g e l o a n . x l s m .
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w o r k s h e e t c o n t r o l s .x l s m .
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43
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. -

891

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c h a r t m a cro s .x l s m . VBA
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s e l e c t i o n t y p e . x l s m . ,
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s k i p b la n k s w h i l e l o o p i n g . x l s m . VBA.

45
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901

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904

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, 862
, 864
, 862
, 299
, 857; 858
, 863
, 862
, 847

Excel 2010
, 218

, 428

, 248
, 158
, 725
, 149

Application, 776; 788


ChartObject, 849
Range, 778
UserForm, 804
V B A , 775
, 777
Workbook, 776
Worksheet, 777
, 775

Code, 766; 774


Project, 766; 862
Properties, 819
, 796
, 92
V B A
If-Then, 779
Select Case, 780
, 779
, 780
, 214
, 238
, 745; 749

, 199

, 635

, 726
, 710

, 621
, 630
, 623

, 745; 746
, 747

Toolbox, 801
, 110; 590
, 48; 522
, 48
, 52
, 513

, 673

, 105

907

, 80
, 84
, 402
, 149
, 238

, 404
, 191
, 201
, 506
, 58
, 447
, 727; 728; 729
, 154
, 517
V B A , 762
, 809

, 728; 730
, 734
, 737
, 255

, 37; 117
, 199
, 38
, 188
, 65
, 813
72, 345
, 208
Backstage, 163
, 590
, 120
, 215

, 545

, 550
, 641

, 635
V B A , 841
, 844
, 842

, 852
, 847
, 844

, 849
, 841
, 848
, 845

, 608
, 632
, 764

, 37; 79
, 168

908

, 79
, 88
, 563
, 177
, 613
, 80
, 563
, 603
, 80
, 617
, 164
, 208
, 163
, 58; 169; 849
, 37; 79
, 82
, 83
, 61
, 90
, 610
, 87
, 87
, 83
, 37; 84
, 89
, 85
, 555
, 83
, 89
, 200
, 381
, 754
, 746; 754

, 768
, 124
, 568
, 67
, 225
, 358

Visual Basic, 770; 783; 821

, 236
, 236
, 236
, 818

, 192

, 193
, 193
, 193; 194
, 93
, 193; 194
, 648

, 665; 685; 726


, 677

, 693
, 694
, 687
, 668
, 702
, 676
, 678
, 672
, 710
, 685
, 669
, 675
, 704
, 563
, 595
, 563

, 601
Excel, 261
, 746; 752
-, 108
, 803; 829
BeforeClose, 834
BeforePrint, 831
BeforeRightClick, 838
BeforeSave, 834
Change, 835; 836
NewSheet, 834
OnKey, 839
OnTime, 838
Open, 830; 832
RightClick, 838
SelectionChange, 837.
SheetActivate, 833
, 803
, 835
, 829
, 831
, 829
, 178

Word Excel, 598


, 695

, 117
, 116
, 355
, 858
, 653
, 163
, 157
, 298; 692
, 670
, 704
, 558
, 715

, 231
, 364
V B A , 784
, 533
, 184


, 85
, 94
, 136
, 663
, 126
, 425

SmartArt, 507
WordArt, 511
, 170
, 70
, 116
, 71; 642
, 70; 109; 271
, 219
, 216
, 755
, 301; 750
, 734
, 617

, 654
, 259
, 561
, 754
, 754
, 752
, 141
,228
, 226
, 565
, 239
, 228
, 232
, 226
, 226
, 234

, 158

, 40
, 40; 214
, 726
, 559
, 560
, 561
, 614
, 561
, 555
, 558
, 562
, 715
, 725
, 725

Excel, 125

, 132
, 132
, 230
, 133
, 133

, 139
, 128
, 231
, 136
, 232
,129
, 134

,
'
135
, 133
, 133
, 138
, 337; 715
, 716
, 338; 718
, 337; 716
, 40; 68
, 159
, 161

, 61
, 50
, 44
, 63
, 115

, 660
, 252
, 135
, 124
, 252
, 83
, 441
, 66
, 94
, 94
, 562
, 485
, 402

, 306
, 467
, 470
, 480
, 477
, 469

, 472
, 471
,467
, 471

, 485
, 475

, 513
, 179
, 499
, 502
, 505
, 505
, 503
, 138
, 154

.xlt, 183
.xltx, 183
H T M L, 581
PDF, 616
X L S B , 179
X L S K , 179
X L S M , 179
X L S X , 179
X L T A, 179
X L T M , 179
X L T X , 179
X M L , 179
, 76; 532
, 77; 532
, 76; 532
, 76; 532
, 77; 532
, 77; 532
, 76; 532
, 77; 532
, 77; 532
, 76; 532
, 76; 532
, 77; 532
, 73; 141
, 663
, 850
, 266
, 155
, 121
, 674
, 503
, 74; 530
, 73

, 265
, 263
, 75
, 62; 213
, 219
, 219; 221
, 222
, 256
, 241
, 351; 357; 369; 718
, 357
, 632
, 233

909

, 287; 292

, 242
, 238
, 311
, 225
, 564
, 226
, 228
, 287; 303
, 306
, 867
V B A , 764; 783
InputBox, 796; 846
MsgBox, 791; 796; 797; 847
TimeVal, 839
Union, 836
Weekday, 833
, 787
, 786
, 791
, 784
, 374
, 869
, 218
, 869
, 345
, 314
, 281
, 281; 285
, 214; 217
, 275
, 315
, 270; 279
, 271
, 269; 870
, 363
, 277
, 252; 364

, 331
, 291
, 291
, 291
, 291
, 370
, 257; 370
, 245
, 254
, 318; 357; 375
, 870; 871
, 874
, 868
, 246
, 749
, 333
, 254
, 875
, 876; 877; 879;
880; 881; 882
, 374
, 296
, 305; 371

910

, 305
, 255
, 377

, 784
, 332
, 378
, 252
, 331
, 250
, 254
, 287
, 255
, 317
, 867
, 254
, 253
, 253
, 316
, 312
, 332
, 333
, 254; 376
, 349
, 274
, 275
, 381
, 381
, 250
, 444
, 270
, 252
, 246
, 380
, 372
, 875
, 332
, 878
, 363; 379
, 253
, 304; 370
, 306
, 287
, 249
, 293
, 292
, 290; 380
, 290
, 249
, 244; 881
, 357; 362
, 872; 873; 874
, 299
, 290
, 273
, 290

, 475
, 730

, 761
V B A

For-Next, 780
, 234
, 235
, 235
, 617

, 158; 181
, 454
, 183
, 184
, 188
, 187
, 184; 188
,
185;187

, 185
, 535
, 144

, 764; 795; 860


, 804

, 806
,
746; 750

, 50; 765; 801; 815


ActiveX, 816
, 818
, 828
, 824
, 824
Properties, 819
, 825
, 824
, 827
, 823
, 825
, 802; 818; 819
, 820
, 824
, 826
, 822

, 40; 82
, 37; 97
, 37; 97
, 37
, 632
, 97
, 610
, 632
, 722; 730
, 116
, 120
, 730