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Chapter3:TheBritishAtlanticWorld

2.1.II.D:ThecoloniesofthesouthernmostAtlanticcoastandtheBritishWestIndiesusedlong

growingseasonstodevelopplantationeconomiesbasedonexportingstaplecrops.They

dependedonthelaborofenslavedAfricans,whooftenconstitutedthemajorityofthepopulation

intheseareasanddevelopedtheirownformsofculturalandreligiousautonomy.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

5WsforSouthAtlantic

   

System.

Howwereslavesable

   

toestablishtheirown

communitieswithinthe

systemofslavery?

5WsfortheMiddle

   

Passage.

5WsfortheStono

   

Rebellion.

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2.1.II.E:DistanceandBritain’sinitiallylaxattentionledtothecoloniescreatingself­governing

institutionsthatwereunusuallydemocraticfortheera.TheNewEnglandcoloniesbasedpower

inparticipatorytownmeetings,whichinturnelectedmemberstotheircoloniallegislatures;in

theSoutherncolonies,eliteplantersexercisedlocalauthorityandalsodominatedtheelected

assemblies.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

Describethemethods

   

throughwhich

SouthernGentrywere

abletodominate

assemblies.

Whatissalutary

   

neglect?

5Wsforcolonial

   

assembliesinNew

England.

2.1.III.A:AnAtlanticeconomydevelopedinwhichgoods,aswellasenslavedAfricansand

AmericanIndians,wereexchangedbetweenEurope,Africa,andtheAmericasthroughextensive

tradenetworks.Europeancolonialeconomiesfocusedonacquiring,producing,andexporting

commoditiesthatwerevaluedinEuropeandgainingnewsourcesoflabor.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

5WsfortheSouth

   

AtlanticSystem.

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2.1.III.B:ContinuingtradewithEuropeansincreasedtheflowofgoodsinandoutofAmerican

Indiancommunities,stimulatingculturalandeconomicchangesandspreadingepidemicdiseases

thatcausedradicaldemographicshifts.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

Whatistribalization?

   

Whatcaused

   

tribalizationinAmerica

andwhataspectsof

NativeAmericanlife

weretransformed

becauseofit?

2.1.III.C:InteractionsbetweenEuropeanrivalsandAmericanIndianpopulationsfosteredboth

accommodationandconflict.French,Dutch,British,andSpanishcoloniesalliedwithandarmed

AmericanIndiangroups,whofrequentlysoughtallianceswithEuropeansagainstotherIndian

groups.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

HowweretheIroquois

   

abletoplaytheFrench

andEnglishagainst

eachother.Whatwere

theirgoalsfordoing

so?

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2.2.I.C:TheBritishgovernmentincreasinglyattemptedtoincorporateitsNorthAmerican

coloniesintoacoherent,hierarchical,andimperialstructureinordertopursuemercantilist

economicaims,butconflictswithcolonistsandAmericanIndiansledtoerraticenforcementof

imperialpolicies.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

Whatismercantilism?

   

Describethreeacts

   

throughwhichEnglish

parliamentattemptedto

controltradewithinthe

Americancolonies.

2.2.II.A:AlltheBritishcoloniesparticipatedtovaryingdegreesintheAtlanticslavetradedueto

theabundanceoflandandagrowingEuropeandemandforcolonialgoods,aswellasashortage

ofindenturedservants.SmallNewEnglandfarmsusedrelativelyfewenslavedlaborers,allport

citiesheldsignificantminoritiesofenslavedpeople,andtheemergingplantationsystemsofthe

ChesapeakeandthesouthernmostAtlanticcoasthadlargenumbersofenslavedworkers,while

thegreatmajorityofenslavedAfricansweresenttotheWestIndies.

2.2.II.B:Aschattelslaverybecamethedominantlaborsysteminmanysoutherncolonies,new

lawscreatedastrictracialsystemthatprohibitedinterracialrelationshipsanddefinedthe

descendantsofAfricanAmericanmothersasblackandenslavedinperpetuity.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

Whatischattel

   

slavery?

HowwereEnglish

   

lawspertainingto

intermixtureof

races/socialclasses

differentthanthoseof

theSpanish?

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2.2.II.C:Africansdevelopedbothovertandcovertmeanstoresistthedehumanizingaspectsof

slaveryandmaintaintheirfamilyandgendersystems,culture,andreligion.

 

HomeworkNotes

ClassNotes

DescribetwoOVERT

   

methodsthroughwhich

AfricanAmericans

resistedthe

dehumanizingaspects

ofslavery.

Describetwo

   

COVERTmethods

throughwhichAfrican

Americansresistedthe

dehumanizingaspects

ofslavery.

ThematicEssayQuestions:

Geography:Explainhowgeographicandenvironmentalfactorsshapedthedevelopmentof

variouscommunities,andanalyzehowcompetitionforanddebatesovernaturalresourceshave

affectedbothinteractionsamongdifferentgroupsandthedevelopmentofgovernmentpolicies.

NationalAmericanIdentity:Explainhowideasaboutdemocracy,freedom,andindividualism

foundexpressioninthedevelopmentofculturalvalues,politicalinstitutions,andAmerican

identity.

Culture:Explainhowdifferentgroupidentities,includingracial,ethnic,class,andregional

identities,haveemergedandchangedovertime.

Culture:Explainhowideasaboutwomen’srightsandgenderroleshaveaffectedsocietyand

politics.

Work,Exchange,andTechnology:Explainhowpatternsofexchange,markets,andprivate

enterprisehavedeveloped,andanalyzewaysthatgovernmentshaverespondedtoeconomic

issues.

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Work,Exchange,andTechnology:ExplainhowdifferentlaborsystemsdevelopedinNorth

AmericaandtheUnitedStates,andexplaintheireffectsonworkers’livesandU.S.society.

Work,Exchange,andTechnology:Explainhowculturalinteraction,cooperation,competition,

andconflictbetweenempires,nations,andpeopleshaveinfluencedpolitical,economic,and

socialdevelopmentinNorthAmerica.

AmericaintheWorld:Explainhowculturalinteraction,cooperation,competition,andconflict

betweenempires,nations,andpeoplehaveinfluencedpolitical,economic,andsocial

developmentsinNorthAmerica.