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Physical Constants

Name

Common

c.g.s.

Newtons Constant (GN )

6.67 108 cm3 g1 s2

6.674 108

Speed of Light (c)

10

3 10

2.998 10

cm/s

15

m.k.s.

27

6.674 1011

other

L3 M1 T2

Natural Unit

L T1

Natural Unit

2.998 10

Natural Unit, 4.136 1015

4 10

Plancks Constant (~)

7 1016 eVs

1.055 1027

1.055 1034

L2 M T1

~ h/2, 6.582 1015

Boltzmann Constant (kB )

9 105 eV/K

1.381 1016

1.381 1023

L2 M T2 K1

Natural Unit, 8.617 105 eV/K

Stefan-Boltzmann Constant (B )

6 105 erg cm2 s1 K4

5.670 105

5.670 108

M T3 K4

Avogadros Number (NA )

6 1023 mol1

6.022 1023

Molar Gas Constant (R)

eVs

8 10 erg K

Fine Structure Constant ()

mole

1/137

6.626 10

34

Plancks Constant (h)

6.626 10

10

units

L MT

2 k4
60~3 c2

8.314 10

8.314

7.297 103

ML T

ac
4

(mole

R = NA kB = 5.189 1019 eV K1 mole1




2
1
40

e
~c

SI

8 e2
3 me c2

Thomson Cross-Section (T )

7 1025 cm2

6.652 1025

6.652 1029

L2

Electron Mass (me )

9 1028 g

9.109 1028

9.109 1031

511 keV; 1/2000 u

1.673 10

24

1.673 10

27

938 MeV; 1.01 u

1.675 10

24

1.675 10

27

4.803 10

10

1.602 10

19

940 MeV; 1.01 u

qcgs = qSI / 40

Proton Mass (mp )


Neutron Mass (mn )
Elementary Charge (e)
Bohr Radius (a0 )

24

2 10

24

2 10

10

5 10

statC

5 10

5.2918 10

cm

5.2918 10

11

9 1012 Fm

8.854 1012

M1 L4 T2 Q2

Permeability of Free Space (0 )

4 107

4 107

M L2 Q2

Coulomb Constant (ke )

1010 N m2 C2

8.988 109

M L4 T2 Q2

Bohr Magneton (B )

9 1012 Fm

8.854 1012

M1 L4 T2 Q2

Hubble Constant (H0 )

70 (km/s) Mpc

18

2 10

8 2
r
3 e

(40 )SI

Permittivity of Free Space (0 )

~2
m e e2

0 (0 c2 )1
p
Bcgs = BSI 0 /4
1
40
(0 c2 )1

ke
0

Baryon Density (b )

0.05

0.045

b b /c

Dark Matter Density (c )

0.22

0.22

b c /c

0.734

Dark Energy Density ( )


Critical Density (c )
Planck Length (lP )
Planck Mass (mP )
Planck Time (tP )

0.73
10

29

g cm

1035 m
108 kg
1045 s

Planck Charge (qP )

1018 C

Planck Temperature (TP )

32

10

30

7 10

1.616 1037
2.177 105
5.391 1044
5.623 109
1.417 10

Distance (L); Mass (M); Time (T); Temperature (K); Charge (Q)

32

b /c

27

7 10

1.616 1035
2.177 108
-

ML
L

M
T

1.876 1018

1 p/cm3 , c
q
~ GN
c3

q
q

~c
GN

~ GN
c5

40 ~c
q
5
~c
2
GN kB

3H2
8GN