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Unit 5 Ancient Rome, November 2nd November 24th

Unit Outcomes
At the end of this unit, student should be able to:
Rome developed the world's first known republic.
Roman society was divided into two groups. Citizens
were either wealthy landowners known as
patricians or poor, lower class plebeians who
were not able to serve in the Roman government.
While plebeians were not allowed to serve in the
Roman Senate, their rights were protected by the
Laws of 12 Tables.
Eventually, corruption, poor leadership, and outside
invasions from a variety of European and Central
Asian tribal groups collectively known as
barbarians led to the fall of the Roman Empire
After the fall of Rome, the eastern half of the Roman
Empire lived on as the Byzantine Empire.
Today, Christianity is the most widely followed religion
in the world.
Much of Roman culture was based on that of the
Greeks, and much of the cultural values of the
United States are modeled on Greece and
Rome. This is known as the Western tradition.
Key Standards Addressed
Connections to Common Core/NC Essential

Key Vocabulary
Terms to deepen understanding
Romulus and Remus
Laws of 12 Tables
Julius Caesar
Roman Empire
Augustus Caesar
Pax Romana

Byzantine Empire
Roman Republic

Essential Questions
Connections to prior and future learning

H.2.1 - What are the most important factors

H.2.1 - Explain how invasions, conquests, and
contributing to a society's ability to grow in size
migrations affected various civilizations, societies
and influence?
and regions.
G.1.2 - Explain the factors that influenced the
movement of people, goods, and ideas and the
effects of that movement on societies and
regions over time.
C&G.1.1 - Explain the origins and structures of
various governmental systems.

G.1.2 - How can a society's geographical location

impact its ability to expand its' political and
economic influence?

E.1.1 - Explain how conflict, compromise, and

negotiation over the availability of resources
impacted the economic development of various
civilizations, societies and regions.

E.1.1 - How did the unequal distribution of wealth

between the classes determine the rights and
daily lives of Roman citizens?

C.1.1 - Analyze how cultural expressions reflected

the values of civilizations, societies and
C.1.2 - Explain how religion transformed various
societies, civilizations and regions.

C.1.1 - How do a people's beliefs reflect and

influence their values?

C&G.1.1 - Why did the Founding Fathers of the

United States model our government on some
of the principals from the governments of Rome
and Athens but not on others?

C.1.2 - Why was Christianity able to spread

throughout the Roman Empire and become the
dominant religious and political institution in