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Title page

Alcatel-Lucent
1830 PSS-32 RAMAN Amplifier and EDFA | Release 2.0.0
USER GUIDE

8DG60013 MAAA
ISSUE 4
APRIL 2010

Legal notice
Legal notice

Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their respective
owners.
The information presented is subject to change without notice. Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies contained herein.
Copyright 2010 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved.
Conformance statements

Interference Information: Part 15 of FCC Rules


This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy. If the equipment is not installed and used in accordance with the guidelines in this document, the
equipment may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference,
in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at the expense of the user.
Security statement

In rare instances, unauthorized individuals make connections to the telecommunications network through the use of remote access features. In such an event,
applicable tariffs require that the customer pay all network charges for traffic. Alcatel-Lucent cannot be responsible for such charges and will not make any
allowance or give any credit for charges that result from unauthorized access.
Limited warranty

For terms and conditions of sale, contact your Alcatel-Lucent Account Team.
Ordering Information

For more ordering information, refer to How to order (p. xiii) in the section titled About this document .

Contents
About this document
Purpose

............................................................................................................................................................................................. xi
xi

Handbook applicability
Related documents
History

.............................................................................................................................................................. xi
xi

....................................................................................................................................................................... xi
xi

........................................................................................................................................................................................... xiii
xiii

Safety information
How to order

..................................................................................................................................................................... xiii
xiii

................................................................................................................................................................................ xiii
xiii

How to comment

........................................................................................................................................................................ xiii
xiii

Part I: Raman Amplifier 3 pumps module (RA3P)


1

Safety
1-1
Structure of safety statements ................................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1-2
Safety precautions ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1-2

The RA3P Raman amplifier


RA3P Raman amplifier hardware

........................................................................................................................................ 2-1
2-1

Safety and automatic power reduction

............................................................................................................................... 2-3

Additional RA3P Raman amplifier features

.................................................................................................................... 2-4

2-5
Automatic power reduction (APR) ...................................................................................................................................... 2-5
3

Hardware specifications and connectors


RA3P Raman module hardware

........................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3-1

Optical specifications and connectors


Communication ports

................................................................................................................................ 3-3
3-3

............................................................................................................................................................... 3-6
3-6

Power connector and cable

.................................................................................................................................................. 3-10
3-10

3-11
LED indicators .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-11
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Contents
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replacing a fan ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-13


3-13
Replacing the dust filter
4

........................................................................................................................................................ 3-17
3-17

RA3P Raman amplifier GUI


Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4-1
4-1
GUI setup ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-1
............................................................................................................................................................... 4-7
4-7

Parameter description

RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes


5

............................................................................................................. 4-12

Installation and commissioning


Introduction to installation and commissioning
Setting up the RA3P

............................................................................................................. 5-1

................................................................................................................................................................ 5-3
5-3

Basic operating instructions

................................................................................................................................................... 5-7
5-7

Procedure for GUI software upgrade .................................................................................................................................. 5-8


6

Installation
Overview ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-1
6-1
Rack installation of RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................... 6-2
6-2

6-4
Optical connections ................................................................................................................................................................... 6-4
Electrical connections
7

.............................................................................................................................................................. 6-9
6-9

Commissioning
Preparation

................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7-1

Initialization

................................................................................................................................................................................. 7-6
7-6

Checking the line for back-reflections

............................................................................................................................... 7-6

Powering the RA3P and checking the OSC band ASE


Line connectivity and OSC power verification
Verify C-band minimum power requirement
8

................................................................................................ 7-9

............................................................................................................ 7-11

................................................................................................................ 7-13

Adjustments and system commissioning with 1830 PSS-32


Overview and parameters

....................................................................................................................................................... 8-1
8-1

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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iv

Contents
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configuration

.............................................................................................................................................................................. 8-2
8-2

Part II: PB1 EDFA Power Booster


9

PB1 EDFA Power Booster


PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware
Mode of operation

.................................................................................................................................. 9-1

..................................................................................................................................................................... 9-3
9-3

Safety and automatic power reduction

............................................................................................................................... 9-4

Additional PB1 EDFA Power Booster features

.............................................................................................................. 9-4

Automatic power reduction (APR) and restart ................................................................................................................ 9-5


10

PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors


PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware

............................................................................................................................... 10-1

10-2
Optical specifications ............................................................................................................................................................. 10-2
Time Response Parameters

.................................................................................................................................................. 10-3
10-3

OSC booster card specifications

........................................................................................................................................ 10-3
10-3

10-4
Physical specifications ........................................................................................................................................................... 10-4
11

PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................... 11-1
11-1

GUI setup

................................................................................................................................................................................... 11-1
11-1

11-5
Parameter description ............................................................................................................................................................. 11-5
12

PB1 EDFA Power Booster installation and commissioning


Setting up the PB1 EDFA Power Booster
Basic operating instructions
GUI software upgrade

13

...................................................................................................................... 12-1

................................................................................................................................................ 12-4
12-4

........................................................................................................................................................... 12-5
12-5

Installation
Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................... 13-1
13-1

Rack installation of PB1 EDFA


Optical connections

......................................................................................................................................... 13-2
13-2

................................................................................................................................................................ 13-4
13-4

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Contents
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Electrical connections
14

............................................................................................................................................................ 13-9
13-9

Commissioning
Preparation

................................................................................................................................................................................. 14-1
14-1

14-5
Initialization ............................................................................................................................................................................... 14-5
Checking the line for back-reflections ............................................................................................................................. 14-5
A

Raman amplifier status codes


......................................................................................................................................................................................................... A-1
A-1

Glossary

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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List of tables
2-1

APR scenarios ............................................................................................................................................................. 2-6


2-6

3-1

RA3P Raman hardware available for order

3-2

RA3P Raman amplifier optical specifications

3-3

RA3P Raman optical ports

3-4

Default parameters and values after Reboot (power ON) ........................................................................... 3-5

3-5

Housekeeping connector pin assignments

3-6

Line degraded alarm

3-7

Raman degraded alarm

3-8

RS232 connector pinouts

3-9

Power connector pin out description ................................................................................................................ 3-10

3-10

Front Panel LEDs

6-1

RA3P Raman optical ports

7-1

List of RA3P parameters and status

8-1

RA3P configuration parameters

10-1

PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware available for order

10-2

PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical specifications ........................................................................................ 10-2

10-3

Time response parameters .................................................................................................................................... 10-3

10-4

Booster card specifications

10-5

PB1 EDFA Power Booster physical specifications ..................................................................................... 10-4

10-6

PB1 EDFA Power Booster physical specifications ..................................................................................... 10-5

10-7

Maintenance connector pin outs

10-8

RS232 connector pin outs

11-1

PB1 EDFA status codes

..................................................................................................... 3-1
................................................................................................ 3-3

..................................................................................................................................... 3-4

........................................................................................................ 3-6

................................................................................................................................................. 3-8
3-8
............................................................................................................................................ 3-8
3-8
........................................................................................................................................ 3-9

.................................................................................................................................................... 3-11
3-11
..................................................................................................................................... 6-5
.................................................................................................................... 7-2

........................................................................................................................... 8-1
......................................................................... 10-1

.................................................................................................................................. 10-3

........................................................................................................................ 10-7

.................................................................................................................................... 10-8

...................................................................................................................................... 11-10

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 4 April 2010

List of tables
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

13-1

PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical ports

......................................................................................................... 13-5

14-1

List of PB1 parameters and status ..................................................................................................................... 14-2

A-1

APR shutdown cause

.............................................................................................................................................. A-2

A-2

APR shutdown cause

.............................................................................................................................................. A-3

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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List of figures
2-1

RA3P Raman amplifier block diagram .............................................................................................................. 2-2

3-1

Width, height and length dimensions of the RA3P Raman amplifier ..................................................... 3-2

3-2

Front panel and front cover .................................................................................................................................... 3-2

3-3

Fan failure indication

3-4

Removal of RA3P Raman side cover

3-5

RA3P Raman fans label

3-6

New fan placement

3-7

3-17
Dust Filter replacement ......................................................................................................................................... 3-17

4-1

RA3P Raman GUI main window

5-1

Example of RA3P Raman Amplifier implementation in an 1830 PSS-32 system

5-2

5-4
Example of optical setup ......................................................................................................................................... 5-4

6-1

RA3P mounting bracket

6-2

Mounting the RA3P in a rack ................................................................................................................................ 6-3

6-3

RA3P positioning in rack ........................................................................................................................................ 6-4

6-4

Generic optical connection scheme ..................................................................................................................... 6-5

6-5

Optical connection in a 1-Degree R/TOADM

6-6

Optical connection in a 1-Degree FOADM

6-7

Optical connection in an ILA site with one long span

6-8

Optical connection in an ILA site with long spans on both sides

6-9

Optical connection in a FOADM with one long span

6-10

Optical connection in a R/TOADM sites with two long spans

6-11

Housekeeping connector

......................................................................................................................................... 6-9

6-12

Power supply connectors

........................................................................................................................................ 6-9

............................................................................................................................................. 3-13
3-13
.............................................................................................................. 3-14

........................................................................................................................................ 3-15

................................................................................................................................................. 3-16
3-16

........................................................................................................................ 4-3
............................ 5-2

.......................................................................................................................................... 6-2

................................................................................................ 6-7

..................................................................................................... 6-7
................................................................................. 6-7
............................................................ 6-8

.................................................................................. 6-8
................................................................. 6-8

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 4 April 2010

List of figures
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

6-13

Ethernet connector

.................................................................................................................................................. 6-10
6-10

6-14

RS232 connector

7-1

Graphical user interface

7-2

7-5
RA3P line connectivity ............................................................................................................................................ 7-5

9-1

PB1 EDFA Power Booster system application

9-2

PB1 EDFA Power Booster block diagram ........................................................................................................ 9-3

10-1

PB1 EDFA Power Booster connectors

10-2

PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical connectors

10-3

PB1 EDFA Power Booster power cable .......................................................................................................... 10-9

13-1

Mounting bracket

13-2

Mounting the PB1 in a rack ................................................................................................................................. 13-3

13-3

PB1 positioning in rack ......................................................................................................................................... 13-4

13-4

Generic optical connection scheme

13-5

Optical connection in a 1-Degree R/TOADM .............................................................................................. 13-7

13-6

Optical connection in an ILA site with one long span ............................................................................... 13-7

13-7

Optical connection in an ILA site with long spans on both sides

13-8

Optical connection in a FOADM with one long span

13-9

Optical connection in a R/TOADM sites with two long spans

14-1

Graphical user interface

14-2

PB1 EDFA line connectivity

..................................................................................................................................................... 6-10
6-10
.......................................................................................................................................... 7-2
7-2

............................................................................................... 9-2

............................................................................................................ 10-5
............................................................................................. 10-6

.................................................................................................................................................... 13-2
13-2

.................................................................................................................. 13-5

.......................................................... 13-7

............................................................................... 13-8
.............................................................. 13-8

........................................................................................................................................ 14-2
14-2
............................................................................................................................... 14-4

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

About this document


About this document

Purpose
WARNING
Alcatel-Lucent makes no warranty of any kind with regards to this manual, and specifically
disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
Alcatel-Lucent will not be liable for errors contained herein or for damages, whether direct,
indirect, consequential, incidental, or special, in connection with the furnishing, performance, or
use of this material.
NOTICE
The product specification and/or performance levels contained in this document are for
information purposes only and are subject to change without notice. They do not represent any
obligation on the part of Alcatel-Lucent.
COPYRIGHT NOTIFICATION
The technical information of this manual is the property of Alcatel-Lucent and must not be
copied, reproduced or disclosed to a third party without written consent.

Handbook applicability

This handbook is not applied to a specific Network Element product-release. It is a


common handbook for 1830 PSS equipment of different product-releases using the Raman
RA3P Amplifier. The use of this handbook is indicated in the list of the Technical
Handbook of the Network Element.
Related documents

The details of this document are:


HANDBOOK
Alcatel-Lucent RAMAN Amplifier and EDFA
User Guide

Part Number
8DG60013 MAAA

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
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Issue 4 April 2010

About this document


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

HANDBOOK

Part Number

Provides information for the RA3P Raman Amplifier regarding equipment description,
composition, features, product specifications. getting started, Graphical User Interface software
guide, commissioning

A complete list of handbooks related to the present one is detailed in the following table:
HANDBOOK

Part Number

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Release 2.0.0


Product Information and Planning Guide

8DG60013 AAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS Release 2.0.0 Safety


Guide

8DG60013 HAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Release 2.0.0


TL1 Command Guide

8DG60013 EAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Release 2.0.0


CLI Command Guide

8DG60013 FAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1354 RM-PhM Release 7.0.0


Photonic Manager Provisioning Guide

8DG60013 JAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Release 2.0.0


Engineering and Planning Tool User Guide

8DG60013 GAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Release 2.0.0


User Provisioning Guide

8DG60013 BAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Release 2.0.0


Maintenance and Trouble-Clearing Guide

8DG60013 CAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Release 2.0.0


Installation and System Turn-Up Guide

8DG60013 DAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-1 Release 2.0.0


GBEH Edge Device User Guide

8DG60013 KAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-1 Release 1.0.0


MD4H Edge Device User Guide

8DG60013 LAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 Release 2.0.0


Documentation CD-ROM

8DG60014 AAAA

Provides information regarding equipment description, composition, features, detailed unit


description, front view, product specifications. Dismantling and recycling procedures are
included.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

xii

About this document


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

In particular refer to the documentation to obtain the following information:

SAFETY NORMS AND LABELS


ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC)

ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGES (ESD)


LABELS AFFIXED TO THE EQUIPMENT
DISMANTLING AND RECYCLING.

History
ISSUE

DATE

CHANGE NOTE

Preliminary

May 2009

Released as an early reference for RA3P Raman/1830


application.

Final

November 2009

Released for 1830 R2.0.0 as reference for RA3P Raman/1830


application.

Safety information

For your safety, this document contains safety statements. Safety statements are given at
points where risks of damage to personnel, equipment, and operation may exist. Failure to
follow the directions in a safety statement may result in serious consequences.
How to order

To order Alcatel-Lucent documents contact your local sales representative or use Online
Customer Support (OLCS) (https://support.alcatel-lucent.com).
How to comment

To comment on this document, go to the Online Comment Form (http://infodoc.


alcatel-lucent.com/comments/enus/) or e-mail your comments to the Comments Hotline
(comments@alcatel-lucent.com) .

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
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Issue 4 April 2010

Part I: Raman Amplifier 3 pumps


module (RA3P)

Overview
Purpose

This part of the document provides information that describes the safety requirements,
product specifications, and implementation instructions for the RA3P module.
Contents
Chapter 1, Safety

1-1

Chapter 2, The RA3P Raman amplifier

2-1

Chapter 3, Hardware specifications and connectors

3-1

Chapter 4, RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

4-1

Chapter 5, Installation and commissioning

5-1

Chapter 6, Installation

6-1

Chapter 7, Commissioning

7-1

Chapter 8, Adjustments and system commissioning with 1830 PSS-32

8-1

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 4 April 2010

Safety
1

Structure of safety statements


Overview

Safety statements describe the safety risks relevant while performing tasks on
Alcatel-Lucent products during deployment and/or use. Failure to avoid the hazards may
have serious consequences.
General structure

Safety statements include the following structural elements:

D
CAUTION
Lifting hazard

Lifting this equipment by yourself can result in injury


due to the size and weight of the equipment.
Always use three people or a lifting device to transport
and position this equipment.
[ABC123]

F
G
H

Item

Structure element

Purpose

Safety alert symbol

Indicates the potential for personal injury


(optional)

Safety symbol

Indicates hazard type (optional)

Signal word

Indicates the severity of the hazard

Hazard type

Describes the source of the risk of damage or


injury

Safety message

Consequences if protective measures fail

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 4 April 2010

Safety

Structure of safety statements

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Item

Structure element

Purpose

Avoidance message

Protective measures to take to avoid the hazard

Identifier

The reference ID of the safety statement


(optional)

Signal words

The signal words identify the hazard severity levels as follows:


Signal word

Meaning

DANGER

Indicates an extremely hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will


result in death or serious injury.

WARNING

Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in


death or serious injury.

CAUTION

Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in


minor or moderate injury.

NOTICE

Indicates a hazardous situation not related to personal injury.

Safety precautions
Laser safety

The RA3P Raman amplifier emits invisible laser radiation through the line port that can
be potentially harmful to the human eye and skin.
Note: The safety information and classifications described in this section refer only to
pump laser radiation created within the RA3P Raman amplifier itself and exiting the
line port. Any external radiation (in particular the optical transmission signal) entering
the amplifier through any of the ports will exit through the other ports, and with
respect to such radiation the amplifier is considered a passive device.

DANGER
Eye hazard
Looking directly, or through a magnifying instrument (e.g. microscope), into any optical
fiber cable or connector can cause damage to the eye.
Do not look directly, or through a magnifying instrument, into any optical fiber.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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1-2

Safety

Safety precautions

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

During normal operation, when the RA3P Raman amplifier is connected through the line
port to a closed fiber transmission line, the amplifier may emit up to 700 mW of radiation
(limited by hardware). However, as this radiation is enclosed within the transmission line,
it poses no hazard. A potential hazard can occur when a fiber break or connector opening
occurs. To avoid this, the RA3P Raman Amplifier is equipped with four different
firmware mechanisms designed to detect a fiber break or connector opening, and activate
Automatic Power Reduction (APR) of the RA3P Raman pumps to reduce output power to
below the level defined for class 1M laser products
Note: When an optical cable is not attached, place a protective cap over the cable's
connector.

WARNING
Eye hazard
Invisible laser radiation may be emitted from the line port connector, or fiber connected
to this port.
Do not look into the beam or view it directly with optical instruments.
APR protection

DANGER
Eye and skin hazard
Once the product level of APR protection is disabled, the amplifier is classified as a class
4 laser product, and exposure to direct or scattered radiation may cause eye and/or skin
damage.

DANGER
Eye and skin hazard
Once the system level protection of the amplifier is disabled, the system may contain
locations classified as class 4 hazard levels, where exposure to direct or scattered
radiation may cause eye and/or skin damage.
There are two levels of APR protection, the product level and system level. The product
level APR involves only the RA3P Raman amplifier itself, and is based on detection of
the pump back reflection and Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) in the short-band
(1500-1520nm for C-Band amplifiers). The product level protection ensures that opening
the line port connector of the amplifier, or occurrence of any fiber break or connector
opening in jumpers in the vicinity of the amplifier will activate APR. The RA3P Raman
amplifier product is thus classified as a class 1M laser product according to IEC
60825-1:1993+A1:1997+A2:2001, and CDRH 21 CFR 1040.10.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 4 April 2010

Safety

Safety precautions

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The product level of APR protection is password protected, and may only be disabled
upon pump unit provider authorization.
The second level of APR protection is a system level protection, and refers to operation of
amplifier within a communication system. When system level protection is enabled, it
allows the entire system to be classified as a class 1M system according to IEC
60825-2:1993+A1:1997+A2:2001.
Note: For more information regarding APR mechanisms, refer to chapter Automatic
power reduction (APR) (p. 2-5)
Laser radiation information

When a potential safety hazard is present (when one or both of the APR protection levels
are disabled), the following should be noted:

Maximum output power of laser radiation emitted through the line port is 29dBm
(700 mW).
Emitted wavelengths are in the C or L Bands and pump bands, rendering the spectral
range of 1420nm to 1564nm.
Beam divergence from a broken fiber or open connector is higher than 6.9 / 0.12
radians (Numerical aperture).
Beam Mode Field Diameter at the output of a broken fiber or open connector is below
11 m.

Warnings

1. Only the upper covers of the RA3P may be opened to replace fans. No other panel
should be opened for any purpose.
2. Do not try to repair the RA3P (apart from fan replacement) - Only personnel certified
by pump unit provider are eligible to repair the RA3P
3. It is forbidden for any purpose to open the Raman pump module located within the
RA3P.
4. Opening the Raman pump module within the RA3P may expose you to harmful laser
radiation. An open Raman pump module is classified as a class 4 laser product
5. Do not look directly at or through any optical magnifying instrument (e.g.
microscope) into the optical connectors.
6. When Automatic Power Reduction (APR) mechanisms are disabled, the RA3P is
classified as a class 4 laser product
7. When connecting the RA3P to a fiber line, use only connectors having Mode Field
Diameter (MFD) less than 11 m (some nonstandard special purpose connectors may
have MFD larger than 11 m).
8. For more information on safety please refer to chapter 6

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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1-4

Safety

Safety precautions

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Electrical safety

WARNING
Product damage
Do not allow the device to come in contact with liquids. Keep the device dry.

WARNING
Product damage
Keep the device away from direct sources of heat. Storage temperature range: -45C and
+85C. Operating temperature (environment) range is: -5C to +55C.

WARNING
Physical hazard
With the exception of the upper covers, it is prohibited to open any other panel on the
RA3P. It is strictly prohibited to open the Raman pump module within the NIR. Only pump
unit provider certified personnel may open or repair the unit
The RA3P Raman amplifier should be installed in accordance with the National Electric
Code.
Potential for electrostatic hardware damage

Observe precautions for handling electrostatic sensitive devices

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 4 April 2010

Safety

Safety precautions

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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1-6

The RA3P Raman amplifier


2

RA3P Raman amplifier hardware


Distributed Raman amplification

A Raman amplifier is based on the Raman scattering process. In this process an incident
photon is scattered to a lower energy photon, while initiating a transition of the fiber
molecules between two vibration states. In the Raman amplifier, stimulated Raman
scattering produces a photon with the same wavelength, phase, and polarization as the
original signal and thus the stimulated scattering mechanism amplifies the signal. The
gain medium in the case of the distributed Raman amplifier is the silica transmission fiber
itself. Amplification occurs along a few tens of kilometers adjacent to the pump unit.
Hardware overview

The RA3P Raman amplifier contains an FPGA and micro processor-controlled Raman
pump module for C-Band (1528.4-1564.7nm) distributed Raman amplification. The pump
module includes three pump laser diodes at different wavelengths and/or polarizations. It
features multiple independent laser safety mechanisms based on Automatic Power
Reduction (APR). This allows both the RA3P Raman amplifier itself and the network
within which it is installed to be classified as class 1M laser products according to IEC
60825 parts 1 and 2, and CDRH 21 CFR 1040.10. This provides eye and skin laser
safely for the operating personnel, and also protects optical and electronic gear deployed
along the lines. The same mechanisms are used to alert system management of line
deterioration and reduction in the amplifier distributed gain.
In addition to the pump module the RA3P includes redundant user replaceable cooling
fans, as well as a communication module supporting the Small Network Management
Protocol (SNMP) through a standard Ethernet RJ45 connector.
Pump module block diagram

The following block diagram describes the main building blocks of the pump module
within the RA3P.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 4 April 2010

The RA3P Raman amplifier

RA3P Raman amplifier hardware

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 2-1 RA3P Raman amplifier block diagram

In counter propagating operation, the line port (through which the pump energy exits) is
connected to the output of the transmission fiber. The Raman amplified signal enters the
line port and exits through the EDFA port to an EDFA amplifier following the Raman
amplifier.
the following provides a brief description of the various detectors within the pump
module:

Detector Pes - Measures back reflected light in the pump wavelengths entering
through the line port
Detector Short Band DC - Measures ASE power within the "Short" band (1500-1520
nm for C-Band amplifiers) entering through the line port. In counter-propagating
direction the measured power also includes that of the supervisory channel, typically
located within the Short band.
Detector Short Band MOD - This detector is used only in counter-propagating
operation, and measures the modulation power of the OSC.

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The RA3P Raman amplifier

RA3P Raman amplifier hardware

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Detector Pump power - This detector measures the composite pump power exiting the
line port.
Detector Dpin Line - This detector measures the power within the C Band entering the
amplifier from the line Port.
Detector Dpin EDFA - This detector measures the power within the C Band entering
the amplifier from the EDFA Port.
Detector OSC forward - This detector is used in co-propagating operation, and
measures the supervisory channel power entering from the supervisory port.

Pump modes of operation

The RA3P Raman amplifier supports three operation modes:


1. Max pump power mode: In this mode maximum pump power is launched though the
line port into the transmission fiber. The Ratio between different wavelength pumps is
set according to the transmission fiber type.
2. Gain setting mode: In this mode the pump power of each wavelength is adjusted to
provide a required average gain and gain flattening according to the transmission fiber
type.
3. Manual pump power mode: In this mode the pump power for each of the pump laser
diodes can be set manually

Safety and automatic power reduction


OSC

The RA3P Raman amplifier uses the Optical Supervisory Channel (OSC) to provide for
the safety of operating personnel and to protect transmission equipment.
OSC protection ensures that the product is qualified as a class 1M device according to
IEC 60825-2. This mechanism ensures that when the transmission line fails, even tens of
kilometers from the amplifier location, the APR of the RA3P Raman pumps will be
activated.
This protection mechanism is essential for distributed Raman amplifications for the
following reasons:

Pump power launched from the amplifier line port is high, up to 700mW, which is
harmful to the human eye and skin, and can damage optical and electronic equipment.
Because the RA3P Raman amplifier is a distributed amplifier, it is possible that a loss
of input signal will not be detected, and the amplifier will not be shut down, even if a
fiber break has occurred only a few kilometers from the amplifier. This is due to large
Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) generated along the transmission line within
the operating band. In lumped amplifiers this is not a problem, because ASE is only
generated within the amplifier itself.

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The RA3P Raman amplifier

Safety and automatic power reduction

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

For a detailed discussion of laser safety, please refer to section Laser safety (p. 1-2).
When APR is activated, the total pump power is decreased to below the threshold for a
class 1M laser product. For a detailed discussion of the detection mechanisms and
scenarios that lead to activation of APR, see Automatic power reduction (APR) (p. 2-5).
OSC modulation detection enables the RA3P Raman amplifier to respond to a fiber break
or connector opening which requires APR activation.

Additional RA3P Raman amplifier features


Gain flattening

Pumping the transmission fiber with two different wavelengths provides gain flattening
over C band that is better than 1.2dB peak-to-peak.
The ratio between the powers for each pump wavelength is set according to the type of
transmission fiber specified. This ratio can be fine tuned by the user.
Small polarization dependent gain (PDG)

Because the pump wavelength differs from the signal wavelength by less than 100nm, a
residue correlation between pump and signal wavelengths exists. This phenomenon is
mostly exhibited in co-propagating pumping. A polarization dependent gain (PDG) of
better than 0.3dB is achieved by using a three pump configuration, with up to 700mW
pump power, where two of the pumps have the same wavelength, but are orthogonal in
their polarization. With no polarization multiplexing, using only two pumps with different
wavelength and output power up to 450 mW, the PDG is greater than 0.6dB.
Network ready communications

The RA3P Raman Amplifier is controlled using SNMP via a standard RJ-45 Ethernet
LAN connector. The unit is supplied with a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that can be
installed on any computer connected to the LAN, or a remote computer with network
access to the LAN.
Redundant hot-swappable fans

The RA3P Raman Amplifier contains four hot-swappable cooling fans. Three of the fans
are sufficient to keep the unit within operating temperature limits. The fourth fan provides
redundant cooling capacity.
The cooling fans can be accessed and replaced through the upper covers of the unit.

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The RA3P Raman amplifier

Additional RA3P Raman amplifier features

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Software Download

Operating software can be replaced or upgraded while the RA3P Raman amplifier is
operating without interrupting traffic passing through the amplifier, or degrading its gain.
The Software Download can be performed from a remote site via the system management
station, or through the RS232 connector on the RA3P Raman front Panel.

Automatic power reduction (APR)


Purpose

The RA3P Raman amplifier emits invisible laser radiation through the line port that can
produce eye and skin damage, as well as damage to optical and electronic equipment.
Please refer to Laser safety (p. 1-2) for detailed laser safety information.
During normal operation, when the RA3P Raman amplifier is connected through the line
port to a closed fiber transmission line, the amplifier may emit up to 700 mW of radiation.
This radiation is enclosed within the transmission line, and does not pose a hazard.
However, a hazard can occur when a fiber break or connector opening occurs. To manage
this, the RA3P Raman Amplifier is equipped to use OSC to detect a fiber break or
connector opening, and activate the APR of the RA3P Raman pumps reducing output
power to below the level defined for class 1M laser products.
This system level protection deals with operation of the amplifier within a communication
system. When this system level protection is enabled, it allows the entire system to be
classified as a class 1M system according to IEC 60825-2:1993+A1:1997+A2:2001.
OSC detection

The RA3P Raman amplifier continuously monitors the OSC signal. Loss of the signal
indicates an open connector or fiber break.
Single fiber cut example

Node (B)

Node (A)
Egress LD

Ingress LD

Ingress LD

Egress LD

RAMAN
(B)
CWR8

OSC

OSC

OSC

OSC

CWR8

RAMAN
(A)

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The RA3P Raman amplifier

Automatic power reduction (APR)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

When a single direction is cut on a span containing Raman amplifiers, the Raman
amplifier on the node ingress from span where there is fiber cut (Raman [B]), will see
OSC loss. Its pumps will be turned off. However, Raman (A) on the side where there is
no fiber cut, does not see OSC loss and does not turn the pumps off. Raman packs are
completely dependent on OSC loss for APR.
APR scenarios

The OSC, identified in OSC (p. 2-3), is used to detect various scenarios that require the
activation of product and system level APR. Some scenarios are specific to either
backward counter propagating configuration (BWD), or forward co-propagating
configuration (FWD), the rest are relevant to both configurations.
OSC can be configured by the user according to the specifics of the transmission system
within which the RA3P Raman amplifier is installed.
The Alcatel-Lucent RA3P Raman amplifier is designed for backward operation only. The
relevant APR scenarios are shown in the following table.
Table 2-1
#

APR scenarios

Shutdown
cause

Details

Standby

No shutdown event present

LOS of input
power

LOS on Line Input (C Band). If input to amplifier < -45 dBm the
amplifier shuts down and cannot restart until input > -42dBm.

OSC Loss

If the modulated OSC signal (1500-1520nm) power < -43dBm the


amplifier shuts down. The amplifier can restart if the modulated OSC
signal power > -42dBm.

OSC Band Low


Power

If optical power in OSC band (1500-1520nm) is 2dB lower than value


anticipated for the given fiber type, the amplifier shuts down.

OSC Band
Transient

If back reflection power in OSC Band is changed by a rate faster than >
1dB/150 msec, shut down occurs.

Automatic return from APR shut down

Two possible scenarios can automatically restart the RA3P :


1. When the RA3P detects a modulated OSC signal with power > -42dBm.
2. When the RA3P detects continuous wave (CW) power in OSC band > -52dBm.
If the RA3P turns on, and one of the reasons for APR still exist, it will shut down again
within 150 msec.

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3 ardware specifications
H
and connectors

RA3P Raman module hardware


Available hardware

The following RA3P Raman hardware, installation kits, and associated items are available
for ordering and use with 1830 PSS shelves.
Table 3-1

RA3P Raman hardware available for order

Mnemonic

Description

Product code

RA3P

Raman Amplifier (3 Pump)

8DG59967ABAA

RA3PIN19

RA3P EIA/ANSI Installation Kit for 19 or


23 Racks

8DG60098AAAA

RA3PINET

RA3P ETSI Installation Kit for ETSI Racks

8DG60099AAAA

1RU RAMAN AIR FILTER

3AL94515AAAA

RAMAN REPLACEMENT FAN

8DG60100AAAA

EIA/ANSI installation kit contents

The following items are included in the RA3PIN19 EIA/ANSI Installation Kit:

1 Assy Kit bracket for 19" rack


1 Assy Kit for bracket for 23" rack
2 Power Cable, 48V#C, NAR

1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 30M


1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 3M

4 12-24 x 3/8 Mounting screws, Pan Phil

ETSI installation kit contents

The following items are included in the RA3PINET ETSI Installation Kit:

1 Assy Kit bracket for ETSI

2 Power Cable, 48V#C, ETSI

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Hardware specifications and connectors

RA3P Raman module hardware

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1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 30M


1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 3M
4 M6 x 10 Mounting screws, Pan Phil

RA3P Raman module specifications

Module dimensions are described in the following Drawing:


Figure 3-1 Width, height and length dimensions of the RA3P Raman amplifier

43.6mm
240mm
46mm

442mm

Front Panel Connectors, optical and electronic, are identified in the illustration of the
front panel below:
Figure 3-2 Front panel and front cover
Disconnect Both Power Cords
Before Servicing.

Power A
FAIL
PWR

Ethernet

RS232

Housekeeping

Power B

SHUT DOWN
ABN
Line Out

CAUTION

CAUTION

REMOVAL OF THE COVER


WILL DISABLE AMPLIFIER

REMOVAL OF THE COVER


WILL DISABLE AMPLIFIER

Mon

Line In

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Optical specifications and connectors

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Optical specifications and connectors


Optical specifications
Table 3-2

RA3P Raman amplifier optical specifications


Specification

Unit

Min.

Type.

Max.

Signal Wavelength range

nm

1528.4

1564.7

Signal Input Power Range

dBm

1500

+8

-45
Composite pump power (3-pump)

mW

Signal Gain (3-pumps).


ON/OFF gain. Assuming
fiber condition is optimal.

SMF (G.652)

dB

14.5

LEAF

dB

16

True Wave

dB

20

TerraLight

dB

18

TWRS

dB

20

G653

dB

20

Gain Flatness (G.652 fiber) (3-pump)

dB

Equivalent Noise Figure (3-pump)

dB

-2

OSC wavelength range

nm

1500

OSC Gain (G.652 fiber @ 1510 nm) ON/OFF Gain

dB

10

OSC Gain (LEAF fiber @ 1510 nm) ON/OFF Gain

dB

12

OSC Gain (TWRS fiber @ 1510 nm) ON/OFF Gain

dB

15

OSC Modulation Range

680

690

720

1.3

1510

1520

Mbit/s

100

155

OSC Modulation Detection Range

dBm

-40

-13

OSC power required to keep unit Operating (when unit is


ON and OSC amplified)

dBm

-38

-15

OSC power required to turn ON unit for G652

dBm

-46

OSC power required to turn ON unit for LEAF

dBm

-48

OSC power required to turn ON unit for TWRS

dBm

-50

OSC Modulation detection accuracy


OSC band power detection range (including DC and
modulation power)
Tilt (at tilt below -3db tilt linearity is degraded)
Maximum Input power Without Damage

dB

dBm

-48

dB

-5

dBm

-8
0

5
22

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Optical specifications and connectors

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Table 3-2

RA3P Raman amplifier optical specifications


Specification

(continued)

Unit

Min.

Type.

Max.

Signal insertion loss

dB

1.6

1.8

OSC insertion loss

dB

1.6

1.8

Monitor port loss relative to Out port

Accuracy of all CW detectors

dB

PDL

dB

0.15

PDG

dB

0.3

PMD

ps

0.2

RIN

dB/Hz

-115

Return Loss

dB

Power Consumption

0.3

0.8
0.5

40
38

55

(Typical @ 25C, Maximum 55C EOL)

Optical connections

The RA3P Raman amplifier is equipped with three optical ports, as described in Table
3-3, RA3P Raman optical ports (p. 3-4) (see also Pump module block diagram
(p. 2-1)).
Table 3-3
Port

RA3P Raman optical ports


Type

Description
This port has an E2000 high power connector.

Line In

E2000

Pump power is launched though this connector into the optical transmission
line.
The signal enters the RA3P Raman amplifier from the transmission line
through this port.

Line
Out

LC

The signal exits the RA3P Raman amplifier through this port, which is
typically connected to an EDFA amplifier.

Monitor

LC

Used to monitor the signal exiting from the output port (0.5% tap)

The location of the connectors is shown in the following illustration.

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Optical specifications and connectors

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Power-on/reboot default settings


Table 3-4

Default parameters and values after Reboot (power ON)

Operational Switch

Default

Value after Boot

Raman On/Off

Off

Memory of last position

Pump Op Mode

Max Power

Memory of last position

Module Op Mode

Counter Propagating

Counter Propagating

W1 and W2 Power

50mW

Memory of last position

Gain

5dB

Memory of last position

Hi Back Reflection Thresh

-23dB

Memory of last position

OSC Band Thresh

2dB

Memory of last position

ARP Time

10s

Memory of last position

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Optical specifications and connectors

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Table 3-4

Default parameters and values after Reboot (power ON)

(continued)

Operational Switch

Default

Value after Boot

Tilt

0dB

Memory of last position

OSC switch

Enabled

Enabled

OSC band Drop

Enabled

Enabled

High back reflection

Enabled

Memory of last position

Input Loss

Enabled

Memory of last position

High Temp

Enabled

Memory of last position

Fiber Type

Enabled

Memory of last position

Communication ports
The RA3P Raman amplifier incorporates three communication ports:
1. Craft Terminal connector
2. Housekeeping
3. RS232 communication.
Housekeeping connector

The housekeeping connector allows the user to manage some electrical relays and
opto-couplers to monitor the status of the RA3P Raman amplifier or to remotely control
its restart and shutdown. Up to 8 status items and up to 8 commands can be managed
through the DB25 housekeeping connector. Pin assignments are shown in Table 3-5,
Housekeeping connector pin assignments (p. 3-6).
Note: The 1830 PSS-32 does not currently provide support for monitoring RA3P
Raman alarm indications from the housekeeping connector of the RA3P Raman
amplifier. Alarms must be monitored by another device.
Table 3-5

Housekeeping connector pin assignments

PIN

NAME

FUNCTION

ACTIVE STATE

Common

Common OUT (Raman)

IN1

Manual shutdown

Contact Closed

IN2

Manual restart

Contact Closed

NC

NC

NC

NC

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Communication ports

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Table 3-5

Housekeeping connector pin assignments

PIN

NAME

NC

(continued)

FUNCTION

ACTIVE STATE

OUT1

Line Degraded

Contact Closed

10

OUT2

Raman amplifier degraded

Contact Closed

11

NC

12

NC

13

GND

Housekeeping GND

14

Common

Common OUT (Raman)

15

NC

16

NC

17

NC

18

NC

19

NC

20

NC

21

OUT7

External Power Supply


Failed

Contact Closed

22

OUT8

Pumps Off

Contact Closed

23

OUT5

24

OUT5

25

GND

Housekeeping GND

Notes:

1.

NC means not connected, GND means ground.

2.

For IN opto-couplers, maximum voltage applied between IN and GND is 3V, Maximum
forward current is 30 mA.

3.

For OUT relays in closed state, Maximum current through IN relay is 100 mA, Voltage
between OUT and common OUT is less than 2.5V, and resistance of the closed rely is less
than 300 mOhms.

4.

For OUT relays in open state, voltage between OUT and common OUT is less than 72V.

Housekeeping functionality

The housekeeping alarms described below are supported.

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Communication ports

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Line degraded alarm

The Line Degraded Alarm is declared when any of the following alarm or warning
conditions are present. Most of these alarms will be masked by an APR switch, and will
be observed only when the switch is enabled.
Table 3-6

Line degraded alarm

Alarm/Warning

Status
Message

Depends
on Switch

Comment

OSC Band Transient

SBD

OSC Band
Drop switch

OSC-Band power change >


2dB/150msec

OSC Band Loss

SBL

OSC Band
Drop switch

OSC drop band threshold lower than


the table value.

Input power Loss

NOF

Input Loss
switch

C-Band power loss (no out fiber


connected on the Line interface, or
input power loss)

Modulated OSC Loss

DTL

OSC Loss

Modulated OSC < threshold value

Back Reflection
Transient

BKT

High Back
Reflection
switch

PES change > 3dB/150msec

High Back Reflection

HBR

High Back
Reflection
switch

Pumps power Back-reflected power


< Back reflection threshold

High Back Reflection

BKS

Not
Applicable

Back-reflected pump power > 3dBm

High OSC

HSB

OSC Loss

OSC power is higher than -15dBm

Raman degraded alarm

The Raman Degraded Alarm is declared when any of the following alarm or warning
conditions are present.
Table 3-7

Raman degraded alarm

Alarm/Warning

Status
Message

Comment

Very High PCB


Temperature

TSD

PCB temperature has reached 80C

High PCB Temperature.

TMX

PCB temperature has reached 75C

End of Life

EOL

One of the pumps has reached End Of Life threshold

Very High TEC


Temperature

HSD

One of the pumps has reached shutdown temperature


(35C)

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Communication ports

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Table 3-7

Raman degraded alarm

(continued)

Alarm/Warning

Status
Message

Comment

High TEC Temperature

HMX

One of the pumps has reached shutdown temperature


(30C)

TEC Off - abnormal


temperature

TOF

Permanent shutdown. E.g. One of the pumps has


reached shutdown temperature (35C)

Low TEC temperature

LMN

One of the pumps has reached minimum temperature


(20C)

Very low TEC


temperature

LSD

One of the pumps has reached minimum shutdown


temperature (15 C)

Software cycle
overtime

COF

Internal fan failure

F1 to F4

One of the fans has failed

External power supply failed

This alarm indicates the failure of an external power supply (A or B).


Pumps shut down

This alarm indicates that the pumps are shut down, either for safety reason, or because no
command has been given to turn them on.
RS232 connector

This connector is for terminal connection via RS232 on a DB9 connector. The pinout is
shown below in Table 3-8, RS232 connector pinouts (p. 3-9).
Table 3-8

RS232 connector pinouts

Pin

Function

Pin

Function

NC

NC

RxD

NC

TxD

NC

NC

NC

GND

The RS232 connector can be used to communicate with the communication card in the
RA3P Raman or directly to the Raman module, which is embedded within the RA3P
Raman amplifier. If PIN 9 of power connector (Table 5) is not connected, communication
(including software download) is to the communication card. If PIN 9 is connected to
ground, communication is directed to Raman module within the RA3P Raman amplifier.
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Hardware specifications and connectors

Communication ports

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Ethernet connector

This RJ45 connector is used to connect the RA3P Raman to an Ethernet network (LAN)
via a hub/switch device, or directly to a peer device, like a PC. The network interface on
the RA3P Raman supports either a 10Base-T or 100Base-T connection on the RJ45
connector, configured through the RS232 port. Control and monitoring of the RA3P
Raman via the RJ45 connector is accomplished with the SNMP Manager software on the
management side. This software uses the SNMP protocol to connect to the RA3P Raman.
RED-C provides SNMP Element Manger software for this purpose. Configuration of the
connection speed can be done via the craft terminal.

Power connector and cable


Power Connector

There are two redundant DB15 power connectors on the front panel of the RA3P Raman,
and described in Table 3-9, Power connector pin out description (p. 3-10). The RA3P
Raman can function with only one of the connectors connected to a power supply. If
neither connector is connected to power, an indicator will appear on the GUI (see Chapter
4, RA3P Raman amplifier GUI).
Table 3-9

Power connector pin out description

PIN

FUNCTION

REMARK

PIN

FUNCTION

-48VDC

RESERVED

-48VDC

10

RESERVED

NC

11

GND

NC

12

GND

-48VDC RETURN

13

Common IN

-48VDC RETURN

14

Common OUT

RESET IN
(Opto-Coupler)

15

RESERVED

NOT PRESENT
ALARM (Relay)

REMARK

1. No voltage applied regular operation. 3V applied Reset.


Maximum voltage applied between IN and common IN is 3 V
Maximum forward current is 30mA.
Minimum forward current required 10mA.
2. Indicates if software is malfunctioning or being upgraded.
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Hardware specifications and connectors

Power connector and cable

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Close state - A software problem exist.


Maximum current through OUT and Common OUT is 1A
Resistance of the closed relay is less than 100 mOhms
Open state - OK
Maximum voltage between OUT and common OUT is 60V
Power cable
3000

25

40

100

35

45
45

10

10

RED
YELLOW GREEN
BLACK

15

LED indicators
RA3P front panel has four LED indicators. The functionality of the LEDs is described in
Table 3-10, Front Panel LEDs (p. 3-11).
Table 3-10
NAME

Front Panel LEDs


LED COLOR

MEANING
GREENindicates the power supply is operational

PWR

ABN

Green/No Color

RED/No Color

No Color (off)when the internal 48 V power supply is


switched off, as at start-up, or when the power supply has
failed.
REDThe amplifier has been switched off for safety reasons,
due to abnormal input power, OSC power, or back reflection
No color (off)No problem

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Hardware specifications and connectors

LED indicators

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Table 3-10

Front Panel LEDs

(continued)

NAME

LED COLOR

MEANING

SHUT
DOWN

RED/No Color

REDThe amplifier is shut down for safety reasons, there is


a module failure, or the unit has not received a command to
turn ON.
GREENThe board is plugged-in, configured, and there is
no failure.

FAIL

Green/Red/
Amber

REDindicates failure due to hardware, power supply, or


communication on the board
AMBEROne of the power supplies has failed, one of the
fans has failed, or a firmware download is being performed.
The LED is Off when the module is powered but has not been
configured as ON through the GUI.

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Replacing a fan

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replacing a fan
The RA3P Raman amplifier has a redundant power supply and redundant fans. If one of
the power supplies or fans malfunctions, a system management alarm is received. The
power supplies are not field replaceable, but a malfunctioning fan can be replaced.
Fan replacement

Use the following procedure and illustrations to replace a fan.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Refer to the GUI error message (as shown in Figure 3-3, Fan failure indication (p. 3-13)
), or the EMS through SNMP, to determine which fans need to be replaced. The GUI
shown in Figure 3-3, Fan failure indication (p. 3-13) indicates that fans 1 and 4 have
failed.
Figure 3-3 Fan failure indication

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Replacing a fan

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power down the RA3P Raman Module, disconnect the two 48V power cables, and
remove it from the rack.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the seven screws that secure the side cover of RA3P Raman module (Figure 3-4,
Removal of RA3P Raman side cover (p. 3-14)).
Figure 3-4 Removal of RA3P Raman side cover

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Identify the defective fan from the label on the chassis (Figure 3-5, RA3P Raman fans
label (p. 3-15)). Fan 1 is closest to the back cover.

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Replacing a fan

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-5 RA3P Raman fans label

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disconnect the wire-to-wire connector of the defective fan.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the defective fan.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the new fan. Make sure that the wires and manufacturer's label are facing the inside
of the chassis (Figure 3-6, New fan placement (p. 3-16)).

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Replacing a fan

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 3-6 New fan placement

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the new fan with the wire-to-wire connector.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reinstall the side cover and secure it with the screws removed in Step 3.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Reconnect the two 48V power cables and power-up the RA3P Raman Module.
EN

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Hardware specifications and connectors

Replacing the dust filter

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replacing the dust filter


The RA3P Raman is equipped with a dust filter to prevent dust accumulation and ensure
sufficient air flow. The dust filter is located in front of the fans. The dust filter can be
replaced by removing the two dust filter cassette retaining screws in the front panel. The
replacement of the dust filter is illustrated in Figure 3-7, Dust Filter replacement
(p. 3-17).
Figure 3-7 Dust Filter replacement

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI


4

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes set up of the RA3P Raman GUI, its interface, and capabilities.
Contents
GUI setup

4-1

Parameter description

4-7

RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes

4-12

GUI setup
Opening the GUI

To access the GUI, connect an Ethernet cross-over cable to a PC Ethernet port, and then
open a Web Browser. The default IP address is 150.1.1.192. The GUI installation
procedure is described in GUI software installation (Peer-to-Peer Connection) (p. 5-5).
Prior to opening the GUI, a password dialog box is displayed (as shown below):

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Passwords can be set in the MIB to a value desired by client. The Read Password only
allows access to monitoring via the GUI, the Write Password to provides access to full
modification of parameters. By default, you may click the OK button to continue.
A second level password is required. The default password is Sup123. Enter the password
in the following dialog box to get full GUI access.

GUI main window

Figure 4-1, RA3P Raman GUI main window (p. 4-3), shows the main GUI window.
The GUI Panel consists of 5 tabs:
1. Main Main GUI controls
2. SNMP Management Monitoring and setting of SNMP traps
3. Pumps Power Chart Monitoring of pumps power stability over time
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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4. OSC Power Chart Monitoring of OSC power over time


5. Back Reflection Pwr Chart Monitoring of back reflection over time.
Figure 4-1 RA3P Raman GUI main window

The Main tab

The first tab, Main, shown above contains eight sub-windows and two operating icons.
The seven windows are:
1. Configuration General operating parameters
2. Status General Status information
3. Production Parameters Production related information
4. History Since Reboot Events that occurred since reboot.
5. Communication Indicates if communication is operative
6. Sample SNMP protocol related parameters
7. Alarms graphic presentation of high importance alarms
8. HSKU command status Indication for commands given through Housekeeping port
and not through management.

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Operating icons are:


1. On / Off switch (green / red icon).
2. Reboot button (blue icon).
3. Return to factory settings button (red arrow icon).
Help tips are available on the GUI screen when the cursor is placed on a specific
parameter.
The SNMP Management tab

The second tab is the SNMP Management tab, shown in Figure 9. It summarizes events
with time and date stamps. It also allows you to get or set SNMP parameters such as Real
Time clock time/date, IP addresses, and read/write passwords.

Note: If there is no real-time clock hardware in the RA3P Raman, events are logged,
but the time stamp will show "0-0-0 0:0:0:".
Note: Events are also logged when the GUI window is not open.

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

ALS event codes

The event log code for each ALS code is listed in Table 9.
Event
Log Code

ALS
Code No.

Current state including APR Shutdown cause (Brief)

Input Loss

High Back Reflection

High Back Reflection transient

64

64

OSC band loss

128

128

OSC Loss

256

256

High OSC Band

512

512

Simultaneous OSC-Band and C-Band drop

1024

1024

OSC Power too high

2050

High Back Reflection along with ARP time

2052

High Back Reflection transient along with ARP time

2048

None

ARP time (after APR shutdown or power up)

2112

64

OSC band Loss along with ARP time

2176

128

OSC Loss along with ARP time

2180

132

OSC Loss and High Back Reflection transient along with ARP time.

2181

133

OSC Loss, High Back Reflection transient and Input Loss along with
ARP time

2240

192

OSC Loss and OSC band Loss along with ARP time

2241

193

OSC Loss, OSC band Loss and Input Loss along with ARP time

2242

194

OSC Loss, OSC band Loss and High Back Reflection along with ARP
time

2243

195

OSC Loss, OSC band Loss, High Back Reflection and Input Loss
along with ARP time

2244

196

OSC Loss, OSC band Loss, High Back Reflection (static and
transient) along with ARP time

2246

198

OSC Loss, OSC band Loss, High Back Reflection transient along
with ARP time

2304

256

High OSC Band along with ARP time

4096

None

Not Stabilized mode (NST), Pumps on (after APR shutdown or power


up)

8192

None

Power supply problem

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

GUI setup

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16385

None

Temperature problem (either Ambient or Pumps or 1U temperature)

32768

None

Maintenance shutdown or restart command

The event history can be cleared by typing RSTEV in the craft terminal, remotely via the
MIB browser, or by pressing the Reset Events History button in the GUI.
Power charts

The other three tabs of the GUI panel are:


1. Pumps Pwr Chart A chart containing the pumps output power weekly averaged
samples.
2. OSC Band Pwr Chart A chart containing the OSC band power weekly averaged
samples.
3. Back Reflection Pwr Chart A chart containing the back reflection power weekly
averaged samples.
Note: If there is real-time clock hardware available in the RA3P Raman unit, logging
can be done without opening the GUI window.

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Parameter description
Overview

The following information lists and describes the parameters of the GUI Main tab. It also
provides a brief explanation for each parameter, and information about configuration
options.
Operating icons

On / Off switch - (green/ red icon):

Reboot button - (blue icon):

Enable (Green) or disable (red) pumps operation. Disabling pump operation using
this icon supersedes any other setting or condition.

Boots both the RA3P Raman module and the 1U box software.

Return to factory settings - (red arrow icon):

To return to the factory defaults push this button, followed by the Restart button.
Otherwise the last configuration will be kept, including all parameters except
eye-safety related switches.

Configuration

For the following parameters, press the change () button to change the parameter value.

Operating mode:

Pumps Operational Mode (Max pumps power mode, Manual pumps power set,
Gain setting). See section Pump modes of operation (p. 2-3) for more details
regarding each of these modes.

W1 manual power set (mW):

Power settings in mW of the 1454nm pump band. This is relevant only in manual
operation mode.

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

Parameter description

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W2 manual power set:

Power settings in mW of the 1426nm pump band. This is relevant only in manual
operation mode.

Manual gain set (dB):

This is relevant only in Gain Setting Operation Mode. It sets pump powers to achieve
the required gain and optimal gain flattening for the required fiber type. The value
entered in the field should be in dB. For example if 5dB of gain is required, set the
parameter to 5. If the required gain is higher than available, the RA3P Raman
amplifier will operate at the highest possible gain (pump current at 90% of
Maximum).

Line fiber Ttype:

Transmission line fiber type (for adaptive Gain Flattening)


- (ftSMF, ftLeaf, ftTrueWave, ftG654, ftTeralight, ftDSF, ftTWRS)

Input loss :

This allows you to enable or disable pumps shutdown or activation when there is a
line input loss in the C Band. A password is required to disable the switch

High temp:

This allows you to enable or disable pumps shutdown in the module when the PCB
temperature exceeds 85C. If pump temperature exceeds 35C, the module will
automatically shut down with no possibility of management control of the shutdown.

High back reflection::

This allows you to enable or disable pumps shutdown in the module when the High
Back reflection ratio Threshold (in dB relative to pumps power), or transient in back
reflection is exceeded. A Password is required to disable the switch.

OSC loss :

This allows you to enable or disable pumps shutdown when there is OSC modulation
loss. A Password is required to disable the switch.

OSC band drop:

This allows you to enable or disable pumps shutdown if there is less than the required
power in 1500-1520nm band, or if there is a sudden drop in this band. A Password is
required to disable the switch.

Change password:

This allows you to change the password that is required to disable switch status.
When this button is clicked, you are required to enter the old password. Then you are
required to enter the new password and verify it.

Hi back reflection threshold (dB):

This allows you to set the threshold, relative to pump power, at which back-reflection
alarm/shutdown becomes active. Pump power [dBm] + High BackR trsh [dB] > Back
reflected power [dBm].

OSC Band Threshold (dB):

This allows you to set the threshold for transients in the OSC band loss, at which a
change of ASE level in the 1500-1520 nm band for a period of less than 150msec,
activates alarm/shutdown.
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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Tilt Factor:

This is an optional adjustment for spectrum tilt.

ARP Time:

This allows you to set the delay between Automatic shut down and Restart. It can be
set to any value between 1 second to 100 seconds by the user. The default value is 10
seconds.
Status

The following status fields are displayed:

Status:

Detailed Raman Status. When OK, the RA3P Raman is properly operating.
Otherwise, detailed faults/alarms are reported. When a status item follows OK, this
item is minor. See RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes (p. 4-12) for
explanations of status item codes.

Fans Status:

OK or Fail Fan 1, 2, 3, or 4

Internal Pwr Supply Stat.:

Power supply status: OK or fail for Power Supply 1 or 2.

Pumps Status:

Raman pumps status: Active or Shutdown.

OSC State:

Modulated Optical Supervisory Channel signal status: Exists or Not_exists

1U Temp:

Temperature of PCB 1U box (Celsius)

Internal Module Temp:

Temperature (PCB) of Raman module (Celsius)

Pump #1 Temp:

Pump #1 temperature (Celsius)

Pump #2 Temp:

Pump #2 temperature (Celsius)

Pump #3 Temp:

Pump #3 temperature (Celsius)

Gain (dB):

Module Gain: shows the achieved gain, regardless of operating mode. Accuracy is
typically better than 1dB.

Input Power:

Input Power from the line (dBm), including signal and ASE power in the C Band.

Pumps Power:

Combined total Pumps power (dBm).

OSC Band Power:

Power in the 1500-1520nm Band (ASE power + OSC Power in dBm ).


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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OSC Power:

Power of the modulated OSC in dBm.

Back Reflection Power:

Back reflection power in dBm.

Back Reflection Ratio:

Ratio of the Back reflection power to pumps power in dB.

Power W1:

Pump Power in the 1454nm wavelength band in dBm.

Power W2:

Pump power in the 1426nm wavelength band in dBm.

Current (1):

Pump #1 current in mA

Current (2):

Pump #2 current in mA

Current (3):

Pump #3 current in mA
RA3P Raman production parameters

The following parameters are listed:

Serial Number
Software Version
Hardware Version

Firmware version
Production date

History

This window shows the number of times since reboot, or during the last 24 hours of the
following events:

A Pumps off event

An OSC Band Loss event


A High Back Reflection event

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarms

The following alarm indications are displayed:

Pumps On:

OSC Band Loss:

Green: OSC exists (modulated signal).


Red: OSC does not exist.

Orange: OSC does not exist but OSC switch is disabled.

Input Loss.:

Green: Internal power supply OK


Red: Internal power supply failed

Ext. Power Supply A

Green: Input signal in C band above threshold.


Red: Input signal in C band below threshold, restart can not occur.

Internal Power Supply

Green: No high back reflection in pump band.


Red: High back reflection (transient or threshold) occurred followed by a shut
down.
Orange: High back reflection in pump band exist but high back reflection switch
is disabled.

OSC Loss.:

Green: Power in 1500-1520nm band OK.


Red: Power in 1500-1520nm indicates fiber cut and shut down occurred.
Orange: Power in 1500-1520nm indicates fiber cut but OSC Band loss switch is
disabled.

High Back Reflection.:

Green: Pumps On.


Red: Pumps Off.

Green: Power supply A OK


Red: Power supply A failed

Ext. Power Supply B

Green: Power supply B OK


Red: Power supply B failed

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

ARP pause.:

Green: The RA3P Raman is operating normally.


Red: The RA3P Raman amplifier is in ARP pause, as dictated by the ARP time
parameter. The RA3P Raman amplifier will turn on when ARP pause is
terminated.

Local terminal status

Restart In:

ON - Restart command given through Housekeeping connector.


OFF - No command is given through Housekeeping connector.

Shutdown In:

ON - Shut down command given through Housekeeping connector.


OFF - No command is given through Housekeeping connector.

RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes


Overview

This section identifies the Status codes for the RA3P Raman GUI, and describes the
RA3P Raman ALS codes.
RA3P Raman amplifier status codes

The following table lists the codes that appear in the Status of the GUI, and the
meaning of each code.
Code name

Status
message

Response

Comment

OSC Band Loss.

SBL

APR 7

OSC drop band threshold lower than the


table value.

Input power
Loss.

NOF

APR 1

C-Band power loss (no out fiber


connected on the Line interface or if in
backward mode - also due to input
power loss)

Modulated OSC
Loss

DTL

APR 8

Modulated OSC < threshold value

Back Reflection
Transient

BKT

APR 3

PES change > 3dB/150msec

High Back
Reflection.

HBR

APR 2

Pumps power Back-reflected power <


Back reflection threshold

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Code name

Status
message

Response

Comment

High Back
Reflection.

BKS

APR 2

Back-reflected pump power > 3dBm

High OSC.

HSB

APR 9

OSC power is higher then -15dBm

Very High PCB


Temperature

TSD

Shutdown

PCB temperature has reached 80C

High PCB
Temperature.

TMX

Warning

PCB temperature has reached (75 C)

End of Life.

EOL

Warning

One of the pumps has reached End Of


Life threshold

Very High TEC


Temperature.

HSD

Shutdown

One of the pumps has reached shutdown


temperature (35 C)

High TEC
Temperature.

HMX

Warning

One of the pumps has reached


maximum temperature (30 C)

TEC Off
abnormal
temperature.

TOF

Shutdown

Permanent shutdown. E.g. One of the


pumps has reached shutdown
temperature (35 C)

Low TEC
temperature.

LMN

Warning

One of the pumps has reached minimum


temperature (20 C)

Very low TEC


temperature.

LSD

Shutdown

One of the pumps has reached minimum


shutdown temperature (15 C)

Software cycle
overtime.

COF

Warning

System is ready
for turning on.

ARP

Warning

Module is performing Automatic


Restart Procedure in which it waits a
number of seconds defined by the
ARPTime (AL command) before
activating pumps.

Pumps shut
down alarm

WSD

Shutdown

Pumps were shut down via hardware

Gain not locked.

GNL

Warning

AGC mode only.

Built in test
failed.

BIT

Warning

Power supply
alarm

PSF

Warning

Low/High voltage monitor to Raman


module

Discrete pins
simulation

HWS

Warning

Warning for hardware pin simulation


mode.

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Code name

Status
message

Response

Comment

Pumps in
shutdown status.

SD1 SD2

Shutdown

Pump Shutdown event has occurred for


each of pumps

Not Stable

NST

Warning

Triggered for 10 seconds when


changing operation mode, changing
gain (AGC mode), changing power
(MANUAL mode) and after pumps are
turned on.

Normal
Operation

OK

Low pump

PML

Warning

Pumps power is below threshold (400


mW)

Reduced pump
power

LOH

Warning

Pumps power reduced to eliminate high


Lineout power

Fiber quality

FBD

Warning

Fiber deterioration alarm

Pump shutdown
cause

ALSnnn

Shutdown

Pumps are shutdown because one or


more of the APR Scenarios (see Table
2-1, APR scenarios (p. 2-6))

Internal Power
supply failure

5V1F and/or
5V2F

Internal 5 Volt power supply (1 and/or


2) is malfunctioning.

Fans failure

nF

One of the fans (n) is malfunctioning.


Eg. If fan 1 and 2 are malfunctioning,
1F 2F will appear in the status bar.

No alarms detected. The RA3P Raman


amplifier is operating properly

ALS code numbers

The APR causes listed below are shutdown scenarios. The ALS code numbers
corresponding to the various APR scenarios are described in Table 2-1, APR scenarios
(p. 2-6). The sum of these numbers is displayed together with the ALSnnn status code
(see Appendix A, Raman amplifier status codes), where nnn is the sum (for example:
if both input loss and high back reflection: status: ALS 3).
APR shutdown causes

APR scenario number

ALS Code No.

Input Loss

High Back Reflection

High Back Reflection


transient

(Brief)

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RA3P Raman amplifier GUI

RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OSC band Loss

64

OSC Loss

128

High OSC band power

256

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I5nstallation and
commissioning

Introduction to installation and commissioning


Overview

The RA3P Raman Pump Module is used for long span masking in 1830 PSS-32 terrestrial
applications. It is inserted between the output of the long span and the input of the 1830
PSS-32 node. The 1830 PSS-32 nodes can be either a TOADM, FOADM, or in-line
amplifier (ILA).
The RA3P provides pump power through the line fiber and distributed amplification. This
improves transmission quality by improving the Optical Signal to Noise Ratio (OSNR).
The RA3P is able to address most common line fiber types: SMF (G.652), DSF (G.653),
PSCF (G.654), LEAF (G.655), TrueWave (G.655) and TeraLight (G.655). Over these
fibers, the RA3P provides a flat gain spectrum over the full C-band (1530-1562nm).
The RA3P is an external pizza-box. It does not fit in the 1830 PSS-32 shelf but is
installed in an Optinex ETSI rack, EIA cabinet, and 19" or 23" bay frames. Appropriate
mounting brackets are required for each mounting option. See Table 3-1, RA3P Raman
hardware available for order (p. 3-1) for installation kit information.
The RA3P is managed through its own Graphical User Interface running on a PC, either
locally or remotely through a LAN.
The RA3P incorporates optical detectors which ensure automatic shutdown in the case of
a line fiber break and automatic restart when the fiber integrity has been restored.
However, the shutdown and restart process relies on the 1830 PSS-32 Optical Supervisory
Channel (OSC). As a consequence, OSC is de-multiplexed within the Raman unit for
analysis.
The RA3P incorporates an optical monitoring port allowing the operator or installer to
check the spectrum at the output of the Raman unit (the input of the following 1830
PSS-32 node).
Except for the line connector, the RA3P is equipped with LC/SPC optical connectors for
full compatibility with the 1830 PSS-32. The line connector is an E2000 type connector
for reliability purposes.
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Installation and commissioning

Introduction to installation and commissioning

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 5-1 Example of RA3P Raman Amplifier implementation in an 1830 PSS-32


system

Functional requirements

The RA3P has the following functional restrictions:

Operating bandwidth is 1530-1562nm.

When used at maximum output power (usual case), the maximum achievable span can
not exceed 40dB at 1550nm. When used at lower power, possibly due to a bad fiber,
the maximum achievable span is lower. Please contact System Design Department for
an accurate value.
The RA3P Raman amplifier cannot work properly without OSC.
The 1830 PSS-32 OSC must always be enabled.

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Installation and commissioning

Setting up the RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Setting up the RA3P


Unpacking the RA3P

The following items are included in the RA3P shipping package:

The RA3P unit


Two Power supply cables

One LAN cable (TBC)


One Housekeeping cable
One yellow fiber jumper having a high power E2000 connector on one end, and no
connector on the other.
An installation disk for the GUI software

Optical set up example

The steps below provide an example of how to connect the RA3P to optical equipment.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Locate the yellow jumper with the High power E2000 connector on one side, and no
connector on the other.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Clean the connectors, connect the High power connector of the jumper to the RA3P unit
Line port, and the splice the other side to the SMF fiber line (at least 50Km of SMF
fiber).
Note: The jumper with the E-2000 High Power connector is the only one with a
yellow jacket.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Use LC/SPC jumpers to connect the Output, OSC, and Monitor ports of the RA3P to the
required measurement equipment. For example, the Output port to an OSA.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

By default the RA3P is set to operate in a counter propagating pumping configuration.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note: Extremely important: Before making any optical connection, thoroughly clean
all connectors.
Connect an input signal source to the end of the fiber line.

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Installation and commissioning

Setting up the RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows an example of an optical setup.


Figure 5-2 Example of optical setup

After the optical set up is complete, proceed to the next section to power-on the RA3P.
E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Powering-on the RA3P

Use the following instructions to power-on the RA3P


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the power supply voltage to 48 volt.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the current limit of the power supply to 3A.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect a communication cable to the LAN port of the RA3P , or use the supplied
turn-over cable between the RA3P and your PC.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the RA3P to the power supply with the supplied cable. The Black connector
should be connected to the power supply port with negative polarity. If a -48V power
supply is used, then connect the Black connector to the -48V port and the Red to the 0V
port. The 0V port can be floating or connected to ground.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Be sure to have the RA3P connected to an optical fiber line, as described for example in
Optical set up example (p. 5-3).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

DO NOT continue to next step until all in-use optical connectors are closed, and
connectors which are not in use have protective caps placed over them.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Turn on the power supply.

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Installation and commissioning

Setting up the RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the GUI software is not yet installed on your PC, then follow the installation
instructions in GUI software installation (Peer-to-Peer Connection) (p. 5-5). Once the
installation is complete, open the GUI Icon on the PC Desktop.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The RA3P is now ready for use. For basic operating instructions refer Basic operating
instructions (p. 5-7), and for a detailed description of the GUI software refer to
Overview (p. 4-1).
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

GUI software installation (Peer-to-Peer Connection)


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Use the steps below to install the GUI software on a PC with a peer to peer connection to
the RA3P.
1. Connect the target PC on which you wish to install the RA3P GUI to the Internet.
2. Download the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (http://java.sun.com/j2se/
desktopjava/jre/index.jsp) from the following link: http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/
download.jsp (http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/download.jsp) .
3. When the page for that link shows up locate the link named Download JDK 5.0
Update 6 (http://javashoplm.sun.com/ECom/docs/Welcome.jsp?StoreId=22&
PartDetailId=jdk-1.5.0_02-oth-JPR&SiteId=JSC&TransactionId=noreg) (or later
version) and click on that link.
4. You will receive a License Agreement page. Choose "Accept" and click on continue.
5. On the next page look for the link named: Windows Online Installation,
Multi-language (http://192.18.97.133/ECom/EComTicketServlet/
BEGIN25801F0DB7794C1949406F10132ACCA1/-2147483648/825356883/1/
592454/592418/825356883/2ts+/westCoastFSEND/jdk-1.5.0_02-oth-JPR/jdk-1.5.0_
02-oth-JPR:15/jdk-1_5_0_02-windows-i586-p-iftw.exe) and click on it.
6. Save the downloaded file a folder. After the file has been downloaded
7. Activate it by clicking on it in the folder. This will install JRE.
8. Wait a few minutes for the installation to complete. After successful completion
continue to next step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disconnect the target PC from the Internet.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the target PC to the RA3P. Use a cross-over network cable for the peer-to-peer
connection.

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Installation and commissioning

Setting up the RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Assign an IP address to the target PC within the default address range for the RA3P
(150.1.NNN.NNN). For example, assign the address 150.1.1.9 to the target PC using the
following procedure:
1. Right-click on "My network places" on the desktop of the target PC. Click on
Properties. Right-click on the "Local Area Connection"
2. Click on Properties. Select "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)" (if not already selected) by
clicking on it. Click on the Properties button.
3. Write down all the settings that now appear on the Properties dialog, so you can
restore them after completing the peer-to-peer connection.
4. Click on the "Use the following IP address:" (if it is not already selected). In the "IP
address" input following 4 numbers: 150.1.1.9. In the "Subnet mask" input the
following 4 numbers: 255.255.0.0. Erase all the numbers in the "Default gateway"
and leave it blank. Click on the "OK" button. Click again on another "OK" button.
5. If asked to restart the PC, do this and then continue with the next step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Activate RA3P Raman GUI (via Internet Explorer) by clicking on its icon on the target
PC's desktop. Leave the default IP address, 150.1.1.192, untouched.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On 1st activation a Java logo will show up for several seconds before the RA3P Raman
GUI page is displayed. On subsequent activations display of the Java logo may be
skipped.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

After completing the peer-to-peer connection with the RA3P Raman, return the PC to its
previous network connection using the procedure in paragraph 4 to reassign the settings
that were written down previously.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The RA3P Raman GUI can also be configured for network connection, but this is not
covered in this document.
EN

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

5-6

Installation and commissioning

Basic operating instructions

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Basic operating instructions


This section provides basic operating instructions for the RA3P, and assumes that it has
been set up according to the instructions given in Setting up the RA3P (p. 5-3). For
detailed information about the RA3P GUI software, please refer to Overview (p. 4-1)
Turning the pump module on and off, and module status

To turn the pump module on and off, use the large red/green icon on GUI. The icon is red
when the pumps are off, and green when the pumps are on.
If an automatic pump shut down has occurred, and you wish to restart the pumps, use the
large blue icon on the GUI.
The status of the pump module can be viewed in the "Status" parameter on the GUI. The
value "OK" indicates proper operation, any other value indicates a problem. See section
RA3P Raman amplifier status and ALS codes (p. 4-12) for detailed information on the
status codes.
Setting pumps operating mode, and pump monitoring information

The pumps operating mode is set using the Operating Mode parameter in the GUI. The
possible values for this parameter are Max Power, Manual power, Auto Gain Ctrl. See
section Pump modes of operation (p. 2-3) for a description of the modes of operation.
When the pumps operating mode is set to Auto Gain Ctrl, the required gain is set using
the parameter Manual Gain Set on the GUI.
When the operating mode of the pumps is set to Manual power, the pump power can be
set using the parameters W1 Power and W2 Power. W1 Power controls the power of the
higher wavelength pump, and W2 Power controls the power of the lower wavelength
pump.
Various pump monitoring information, including status, output power, temperature and
current, can be viewed in the PumpMonitoring window on the GUI.
Monitoring Optical Power

To monitor the input power to the EDFA and Line ports, see the parameters Input Pwr and
Forward Pwr in the Status window in the Main tab of the GUI. The Status window also
displays other monitored powers, such as back-reflection.

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8DG60013 MAAA
5-7
Issue 4 April 2010

Installation and commissioning

Procedure for GUI software upgrade

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure for GUI software upgrade


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Establish a PC to provide TFTP service. During the Software download process you will
use its IP Address. Open TFTP service on the assigned PC.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the TFTP server, save the raman_236a.bin and raman_138a.con in a directory named
C:\tftproot.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the RA3P to a COM port on your PC. Use the RS232 connector on the RA3P
and a standard RS232 cable for the connection.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the connected PC, open a Hyper-Terminal window (>Start >Programs >Accessories >
Communications > HyperTerminal) using the following parameters:
Connect To Tab Configuration:

Bits per second: 19200

Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None

Settings Tab Configuration

Function, arrow, and CTRL keys act as: Terminal keys


Back space key sends: Ctrl+H
Emulation: VT100
Input Translation: Shift-JIS

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Re-cycle the power supply on the RA3P , and observe the HyperTerminal window.
When it displays, Press any key to halt boot sequence. immediately press the Enter
key.
(Repeat if the boot sequence does not halt.)

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8DG60013 MAAA
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5-8

Installation and commissioning

Procedure for GUI software upgrade

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Several prompts will follow. You will be asked to respond to each as described below.
This sequence is for assigning to the RA3P the IP address you have received from your
network administrator.
1. For the prompt:
Please enter CLI password.
Type: webpass
2. For the prompt:
Change password? [Y/N] Type: N
3. For the prompt:
Please enter IP parameters
Acquire IP configuration using DHCP? [N] Type: N
4. For the prompt:
IP address [150.1.1.192 ] Press the Enter key.
5. For the prompt:
Netmask [255.255.0.0 ] Press the Enter key.
6. For the prompt:
Default gateway [150.1.1.254 ] Press the Enter key.
7. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C
8. For all the following prompts:
Please enter new boot parameters
SNMP get community [public] SNMP set community [private] TFTP server address [150.1.1.136] Type IP Address of a TFTP Server, (please consult your network administrator. )
9. For the following prompt:
TFTP filename [ ] Type: raman_236a.bin
10. For the prompt:
Boot operation [1:Download image, 2:Download content, 3:Run] Type: 1
11. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C

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Procedure for GUI software upgrade

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

12. Wait until the following prompt is displayed:


Please enter new boot parameters
13. For all the following prompts:
Please enter new boot parameters
SNMP get community [public] SNMP set community [private] TFTP server address [150.1.1.136] Press the Enter key.
14. For the prompt:
TFTP filename [raman_236a.bin] Type: raman_138a.con
15. For the prompt:
Boot operation [1:Download image, 2:Download content, 3:Run] Type: 2
16. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C
17. Wait until the following prompt is displayed:
Please enter new boot parameters
18. For all the following prompts:
Please enter new boot parameters
SNMP get community [public] SNMP set community [private] TFTP server address [150.1.1.136] TFTP filename [raman_138a.con] Press the Enter key.
19. For the prompt:
Boot operation [1:Download image, 2:Download content, 3:Run] Type: 3
20. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C
21. Wait until the following prompt is displayed:
About to issue init cmd...
done
PLD version 0x4
Turn off all Housekeeping alarms
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The RA3P has been assigned a valid IP address for connection to your network. You can
now disconnect the RS232 connection between the RA3P and your PC.

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8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

5-10

Installation and commissioning

Procedure for GUI software upgrade

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that both the target PC and the RA3P are connected to your network. Use a
standard straight-through network cable for each connection, not a cross-over cable.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that your target PC is assigned a valid IP.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Activate RA3P Raman Amplifier GUI via Internet Explorer (Activate Internet Explorer
by clicking on its icon on the target PC's desktop.)
In the Internet Explorer address bar change the default IP address (150.1.1.192) to the one
that was supplied by your network administrator.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

On first activation of the RA3P Raman Amplifier GUI, a Java logo will show up for
several seconds, then the RA3P Raman GUI page will be displayed.
On subsequent activations, display of the Java logo may be skipped.
END

O F

S T E P S

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8DG60013 MAAA
5-11
Issue 4 April 2010

Installation
6

Overview
Purpose

The RA3P Raman amplifier is an add-on unit to the 1830 PSS-32. It does not fit in the
1830 PSS-32 shelf but is installed in an Optinex ETSI rack, EIA cabinet, and 19" or 23"
bay frames. Appropriate mounting brackets are required for each mounting option. See
Table 3-1, RA3P Raman hardware available for order (p. 3-1) for installation kit
information. The RA3P is managed through its own Graphical User Interface running on
a PC, either locally or remotely through a LAN.
The RA3P can be implemented either as a TOADM, FOADM, or ILA. Several RA3P can
be used in a transmission system but only a few can be cascaded between regenerators
due to optical performance issues.
After rack mounting, optical connections must be established, then electrical connections,
and finally the RA3P must be configured and activated through the software tool.
Contents
Rack installation of RA3P

6-2

Optical connections

6-4

Electrical connections

6-9

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8DG60013 MAAA
6-1
Issue 4 April 2010

Installation

Rack installation of RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Rack installation of RA3P


Rack housing

The RA3P is intended for installation in Optinex ETSI racks, EIA cabinets, and 19 or
23 bay frames.
Installation

use the following procedure and information to physically install the RA3P Raman
amplifier in a rack.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Determine the type of rack in which the RA3P will be mounted, and locate the
appropriate mounting bracket kit, either the EIA (19") or ANSI (23") brackets from the
EIA/ANSI Installation Kit or the ETSI brackets from the ETSI Installation Kit. (Refer to
Table 3-1, RA3P Raman hardware available for order (p. 3-1).)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the brackets on both sides of the RA3P using the screws provided with the brackets
as shown in Figure 6-1, RA3P mounting bracket (p. 6-2).
Figure 6-1 RA3P mounting bracket

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Mount the RA3P to the shelf using 2 screws per side, as shown in Figure 6-2, Mounting
the RA3P in a rack (p. 6-3). For EIA/ANSI shelves, use the 12-24 x 3/8 Mounting
screws included in the EIA/ANSI Installation Kit. For ETSI shelves, use the M6 x 10
mounting screws included in the ETSI Installation Kit.

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8DG60013 MAAA
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6-2

Installation

Rack installation of RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 6-2 Mounting the RA3P in a rack

Note: It is recommended that the RA3P be mounted at the bottom of the rack as
shown in Figure 6-3, RA3P positioning in rack (p. 6-4) . If multiple RA3P units will
be installed at a site, it is recommended that they be mounted directly above one
another starting at the bottom of the rack.
Note: The RA3P fan takes in air on the left and exhausts it to the right. Care must be
taken not to block the intake or exhaust, or to heat the intake with exhaust from
adjacent equipment.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

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8DG60013 MAAA
6-3
Issue 4 April 2010

Installation

Rack installation of RA3P

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 6-3 RA3P positioning in rack

Optical connections
After installation in the rack, the RA3P must be connected to the 1830 PSS-32 and to the
line fiber. Optical connections to the 1830 PSS-32 may differ, depending on the location
of the RA3P (terminal site, line-repeater site, or OADM site) and the number of
consecutive long-spans to be masked.
Extremely important: Before making any optical connection, thoroughly clean all
connectors. Use of a camera to check connector cleanness is highly recommended. Please
note that all optical ports of the RA3P are of LC/SPC type, except the line port which is
of E2000 type for reliability reasons. The 30m long E2000 cable provided with the RA3P
must be spliced to the line fiber to avoid multi-connections between the RA3P and the
line.
Optical connection scheme

The generic optical connection scheme is as follows.

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8DG60013 MAAA
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6-4

Installation

Optical connections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 6-4 Generic optical connection scheme

Optical ports

The RA3P Raman amplifier is equipped with three Optical ports, as described in Table
6-1, RA3P Raman optical ports (p. 6-5) (also see Figure 2-1, RA3P Raman amplifier
block diagram (p. 2-2).
Table 6-1

RA3P Raman optical ports

Port

Type

Description

Line In

E2000

This port has an E2000 high power connector.


Pump power is launched through this connector into the
optical transmission line.
The signal enters the RA3P Raman amplifier from the
transmission line through this port.

Line Out

LC

The signal exits the RA3P Raman amplifier through this


port which is typically connected to an EDFA.

Monitor

LC

Used to monitor the signal exiting from the output port


(0.5% tap)

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8DG60013 MAAA
6-5
Issue 4 April 2010

Installation

Optical connections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the Output Port of the RA3P to the line input port of the 1830 PSS-32 ingress
line driver.
Connect the Line port of the RA3P to the line fiber (30m long E2000 cable).
If necessary, connect the Monitoring port of the RA3P to an Optical Spectrum Analyzer.
Note: When removing the monitoring cable, be careful to keep other connections in
place.
Optical connection in a 1-Degree TOADM/FOADM

Optical connections in a 1-Degree TOADM/FOADM are as follows:

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

6-6

Installation

Optical connections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 6-5 Optical connection in a 1-Degree R/TOADM

Figure 6-6 Optical connection in a 1-Degree FOADM

Optical connection for an in-line amplifier (ILA) site

The following illustration show optical connections for an in-line amplifier (ILA) site
when only one span (East or West) is long:
Figure 6-7 Optical connection in an ILA site with one long span

The following illustration show optical connections in a line-repeater site when both East
and West spans are long:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
6-7
Issue 4 April 2010

Installation

Optical connections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 6-8 Optical connection in an ILA site with long spans on both sides

Optical connection in an 1830 PSS-32 R/TOADM or 1830 PSS-32 FOADM site

The following illustration shows optical connections in an 1830 PSS-32 R/TOADM or


1830 PSS-32 FOADM site when only one span (West or East) is long:
Figure 6-9 Optical connection in a FOADM with one long span

The following illustration shows optical connections in an R/TOADM site when both
East and West spans are long:
Figure 6-10 Optical connection in a R/TOADM sites with two long spans

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8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

6-8

Installation

Electrical connections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Electrical connections
After installing in the rack and connecting the optical fibers, the RA3P must be
electrically connected to the 1830 PSS-32, to the Top Rack Unit power supply, and to a
PC for setting and starting.
Housekeeping cable

The Housekeeping connector of the RA3P is for future use. It allows the user to manage
some electrical relays and opto-couplers to monitor the RA3P or to manually shutdown
and restart the RA3P for safe maintenance of the optical link.
Figure 6-11 Housekeeping connector

Power supply cable(s)

Connect the power supply cable(s) of the RA3P to the Top Rack Unit (3 Amps fuses).
Note that the RA3P is equipped with redundant connectors for high reliability. It is
recommended, but not required, that you connect both power supply cables to the TRU.
Different power cables are required for ETSI and ANSI environments. Verify that the
correct cable is available before installation. (See Table 3-1, RA3P Raman hardware
available for order (p. 3-1) for installation kit information.)
Figure 6-12 Power supply connectors

Ethernet cable

Connect the Ethernet port of the RA3P to the local PC (using an RJ45 cross-over cable)
or to the LAN (using a standard RJ45 straight-through cable).
Note that this connection is mandatory for setting and starting the RA3P. It is not
necessary to maintain this connection during system operation.

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8DG60013 MAAA
6-9
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Installation

Electrical connections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 6-13 Ethernet connector

RS232 cable

If necessary, connect the RS232 port of the RA3P to the local PC. This allows the GUI to
be upgraded (see Procedure for GUI software upgrade (p. 5-8)).
Figure 6-14 RS232 connector

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8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

6-10

Commissioning
7

Preparation
GUI overview

When all optical and electrical connections are complete, put the RA3P front cover in
place. Then switch the 48V power supply on and launch the GUI application. (See GUI
software installation (Peer-to-Peer Connection) (p. 5-5) for the GUI installation
procedure.)
The GUI screen is divided in several zones: configuration parameters, production
parameters, status, alarms, communication, sample, local terminal status, and icons. (See
Chapter 4, RA3P Raman amplifier GUI for a detailed description of the parameters.)
Help tips are available on the GUI screen when the cursor is placed over a specific
parameter.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
7-1
Issue 4 April 2010

Commissioning

Preparation

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-1 Graphical user interface

Table 7-1

List of RA3P parameters and status

Item

Recommended
value before
starting RA3P

Allowable
parameters

Recommended
value after
starting RA3P

Configuration parameters
Max Power
Operating Mode

Manual Power

Max power

Max power

Auto Gain Ctrl


W1 Power

0 to 500 mW

50

N/A

W2 Power

0 to 320 mW

50

N/A

Gain Set

0 to 20 dB (based on
fiber type)

14.5

14.5

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8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

7-2

Commissioning

Preparation

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-1

List of RA3P parameters and status

Item

(continued)

Recommended
value before
starting RA3P

Allowable
parameters

Recommended
value after
starting RA3P

SMF
LEAF
TrueWave
Line Fiber Type

TeraLight

SMF

Based on operating
conditions

DSF, G.654
MetroCore
TrueWave RS
Input Loss

Enable / Disable

Disable

Disable

High Temp

Enable / Disable

Enable

Enable

High Back Reflection

Enable / Disable

Enable

Enable

OSC Loss

Enable / Disable

Enable

Enable

OSC Band Drop

Enable / Disable

Enable

Enable

High BackR Thresh

-17dB to -30dB

-26dB

-26dB

OSC Band Thresh

0dB to 5dB

>3dB

Tilt Factor

-5dB to +5dB

0dB

ARP Time

1 sec. to 100 sec.

10

10

Status

Refer toAppendix A,
Raman amplifier
status codes

SD1 SD2

OK

Fans Status

OK or NOK

OK

OK

Power Supply Status

OK / Fail Fan 1, 2, 3,
4

OK

OK

Pumps Status

Shutdown / Active

OK

OK

OSC Status

Not Exists / Exists

Not Exists

Exists

RA3P Temp

< 75C

Ambient 5C

Ambient 5C

Internal Module

< 75C

Pump #1 Temp

20C to 30C

<28C

<28C

Pump #2 Temp

20C to 30C

<28C

<28C

Pump #3 Temp

20C to 30C

<28C

<28C

Status parameters

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
7-3
Issue 4 April 2010

Commissioning

Preparation

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-1

List of RA3P parameters and status

Item

(continued)
Recommended
value after
starting RA3P

Recommended
value before
starting RA3P

Allowable
parameters

Gain

0 to 20dB

0dB

Based on operating
conditions

Input Power

-46dBm to +5 dBm

>-42dBm

Based on operating
conditions

Pumps Pwr

0mW to 720mW

Based on operating
conditions

OSC Band Pwr

-46dBm to -13dBm

>-46dBm

Based on operating
conditions

OSC Pwr

-40dBm to -15dBm

>-40dBm

Based on operating
conditions

Back Reflect Pwr

-55dBm to +3dBm

N/A

Based on operating
conditions

Back Reflect Ratio

-32dB to 0dB

<-26dB

<-26dB

Power W1

0mW to 520mW

0 mW

Based on operating
conditions

Pwr W2

0mW to 350mW

0 mW

Based on operating
conditions

Current #1
Current #2
Current #3
Communication and sample status
Communication
status

Connected / Comm.
Error

Connected

Connected

Interval

2, 3, 5, 10, 30, 60, or


120

Restart In

On/OFF

OFF

OFF

Shutdown In

On/OFF

OFF

OFF

HSKU command status

In the following procedures the RA3P unit is turned on in phases. Note that the 1830
PSS-32 is a two fiber system (Transmit and Receive). Therefore, two RA3P units are
required for a long span, one at each end of the fiber span as shown in the figure below.
The output port of each RA3P is connected to the ingress LD of their collocated 1830
PSS-32 node (a TOADM, ROADM, FOADM, or a line-repeater site).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

7-4

Commissioning

Preparation

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-2 RA3P line connectivity

As shown above, both RA3P units are completely independent. Therefore, all of the
following steps to set up the RA3P units must be completed individually for each unit.
The following procedures are performed in back-to-back, in sequence to verify line
connectivity, and to set up the RA3P.

Initialization
Load factory setting

Checking the line for back-reflections


WebUI settings
Checking back-reflection during power-on
Checking pumps power

Checking the back-reflection power to Pumps power ratio


Powering the RA3P and checking the OSC band ASE
Initializing the OSC band drop safety protection
Setting the value for the OSC band Thresh parameter
Line Connectivity and OSC power verification
Verify C-band minimum power requirement

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8DG60013 MAAA
7-5
Issue 4 April 2010

Commissioning

Initialization

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Initialization
Load factory setting

In the following procedure the RA3P unit will be turned on by phases.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Press the Return to Factory Settings button at the right hand side of the GUI screen.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reboot the RA3P by pressing the Reboot button.


EN

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Checking the line for back-reflections


Overview

In this section, the line is checked to verify that fiber is clean, and that there are no
unwanted back-reflections. Bad connectors along the transmission line can be damaged
by the RA3P and will cause the unit to not turn on.
WebUI settings
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the correct fiber type in the Line Fiber Type field:

SMF (G.652)
LEAF (G.655)
TrueWave (G.655)

PSCF (G654)
TeraLight (G.655)
DSF (G.653)
MetroCore
TrueWave RS

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Choose Manual Power in the Operating Mode field


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set W1 Manual Power Set (mw) to 50


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set W2 Manual Power Set (mw) to 50

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8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

7-6

Commissioning

Checking the line for back-reflections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify parameters are received in GUI.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disable the following safety Pumps Shutdown Switches:

Input Loss
OSC Loss

OSC Band Drop


Note: Safety switches are password protected. The default password is alcatel or
1234567

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enable High Back Reflection switch.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the High Back-Reflection Thresh to -20.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

WARNING

If values are higher than 50mW, do not activate the RA3P, because
safety switches are deactivated. Only low settings (50mW or less)
assure the RA3P Raman meets laser safety of CLASS 1 M.
Before moving on to the next step, verify:

Operating Mode = Manual Power


W1 Manual Power Set (mw) = 50
W2 Manual Power Set (mw) = 50

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Checking back-reflection during power-on


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch ON the RA3P unit using the WebUI ON/OFF button


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the RA3P was activated go to, Step 7.


If the RA3P was not activated, continue with the following step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disable High Back Reflection switch.

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8DG60013 MAAA
7-7
Issue 4 April 2010

Commissioning

Checking the line for back-reflections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify:

Operating Mode = Manual Power


W1 Manual Power Set (mw) = 50

W2 Manual Power Set (mw) = 50

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If RA3P is disabled (ON/OFF Button = Red): Switch the RA3P ON.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the RA3P does not turn on, call Technical Support.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Finish

E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Checking pumps power


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Record the Pumps power (mw) value: = _______


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the Pumps Power is between 80mW and 125mW.


If not, switch the RA3P off and call Technical Support.

E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Checking the back-reflection power to pumps power ratio

Note: If a Back Reflection Ratio < -25dB cannot be reached in the following
procedure, call Technical Support.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check and record the Back Reflection Ratio (dB) value = _______
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the value is less than -25dB go to Step 6.


If the value is greater than -25dB (i.e. -20dB) continue with the next step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch off the RA3P using WebUI ON/OFF button.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

7-8

Commissioning

Checking the line for back-reflections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Clean all Optical Connectors connecting the RA3P Raman to the transmission line,
reconnect them, and Switch the RA3P on.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Go to Step 1.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch off the RA3P using the WebUI ON/OFF Button.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enable the High back reflection the switch if previously disabled.


END

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Powering the RA3P and checking the OSC band ASE


Initializing the "OSC band drop" safety protection

WARNING
The OSC wavelength must not be present when performing this test.
Therefore, make sure the 1830 PSS-32 OSC is not enabled.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the RA3P is switched off.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enable the OSC band drop switch.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disable the OSC Loss switch.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the OSC Band Thresh value to 5.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

In Operating Mode, select Max Power


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch on the RA3P , using the WebUI ON/OFF button


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the RA3P is enabled, go to Step 11.


If the RA3P is not enabled, continue with the next step.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
7-9
Issue 4 April 2010

Commissioning

Powering the RA3P and checking the OSC band ASE

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the fiber type to G.652 (SMF)


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the RA3P is still not enabled, there is a serious fault with the fiber. Switch off the RA3P
, ask for OTDR trace of the line, and call Technical support. Go to Step 11.
If the RA3P is enabled continue with the next step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Select the correct fiber type in Line fiber type field.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

Finish

E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Setting the value for the OSC band Thresh parameter

Note: The expected value of the OSC Band Power is:


Fiber type

OSC Band Power (dBm)

G.652 (SMF)

-22.6

LEAF

-19.5

TrueWave

-18.7

G.654 (PSCF)

-22.6

TWRS

-18

Teralight

-22.5

G.653 (DSF)

-18

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Read and record the OSC Band Power as X.


OSC Band Power (X) = ___________
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Record the expected value of OSC Band Power for the designated fiber type and RA3P in
use as 'Y'.
Expected OSC band power (Y) = ___________

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

7-10

Commissioning

Powering the RA3P and checking the OSC band ASE

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If 'X' is more than 4dB lower than 'Y' there is an open fiber, or a problem with a fiber
connection. Stop and call Technical Support.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Calculate the OSC Band Thres as Y-X+1


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the calculated OSC Band Threshold is less than 3dB, set it to 3dB. Otherwise, set the
OSC Band Thresh value as calculated.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch off the RA3P.


END

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Line connectivity and OSC power verification


Overview

In this procedure, you will check the line to verify that the fiber plant is clean, and that
there are no unwanted back-reflections. Bad connectors along the transmission line can be
damaged by the RA3P and will cause the unit to not turn on. Therefore for this procedure,
enable the OSC at the transmit 1830 PSS-32 node.
Steps
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the RA3P is switched off.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the OSC power is present and greater than -46dBm.
Note: If OSC Band Power is NOT within specified range, verify line connectivity, but
do not continue with installation. Installation does not continue until OSC power is
within range. Verify with the system installer that the OSC signal is present on
the line.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Choose the Pump Op Mode option, Max Power.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enable the OSC Loss safety switch.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
7-11
Issue 4 April 2010

Commissioning

Line connectivity and OSC power verification

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch the RA3P on using the WebUI ON/OFF button.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Read and record pumps power


Pumps power = __________mW
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the pump power is greater than 650mW, switch the RA3P off, using the WebUI
ON/OFF button and continue to the next procedure, Verify C-band minimum power
requirement (p. 7-13).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check the Pump status.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If Pump status = not active, read and record the value of OSC Band Power.
OSC Band Power = __________
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

If OSC Band Power is lower than -48dBm, verify with the system installer that the 1830
PSS-32 OSC signal exists and is being transmitted along the line.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

If the OSC signal is not being transmitted call Technical Support.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

12

If the OSC Band Power is higher than -48dBm, capture the GUI screen and contact
Technical Support.
EN

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

7-12

Commissioning

Verify C-band minimum power requirement

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify C-band minimum power requirement


Overview

This procedure verifies that the received power meets the minimum required band power
for the RA3P unit to turn on. Therefore provision the OSC at the transmit 1830 PSS-32
node.
Steps
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch off the RA3P


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the Input Loss safety switch is disabled.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Observe and record the Input Power:


Input Power = ________
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If Input Power is less than -46dBm, verify that C-band signal is being transmitted and the
line is connected to the transmission line.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the signal is still too low, call Technical Support.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Note: At this point, installation and verification of the RA3P unit is completed.
Switch the unit off and enable all shutdown switches. Before starting the RA3P ,
check that all previously described parameters (configuration, status, and alarms) are
correct (see Table 7-1, List of RA3P parameters and status (p. 7-2)). The unit is now
ready to be commissioned for operation with the 1830 PSS-32 system.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
7-13
Issue 4 April 2010

8 djustments and system


A
commissioning with 1830
PSS-32

Overview and parameters


Parameters

The RA3P unit is primarily used in Max Power or Auto Gain Control modes. The
configuration parameters required to successfully commission each RA3P , are listed
below:
Table 8-1

RA3P configuration parameters

Configuration items

Allowable parameters

Recommended value

Operating mode

Max Power

Max Power

Manual Power
Auto Gain Ctrl
Gain set

0 to 20 dB (based on fiber
type)

14.5

Line fiber type

SMF

Based on actual fiber plant

Leaf
TrueWave
TeraLight
DSF, G.654
MetroCore
TrueWave RS
High BackR Thresh

-17 dB to -30 dB

-26 dB

OSC Band Thresh

0 dB to 5 dB

<3 dB

Tilt factor

-5 dB to +5 dB

0 dB

ARP time

1 sec. to 100 sec.

10

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
8-1
Issue 4 April 2010

Adjustments and system commissioning with 1830 PSS-32

Configuration

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configuration
Overview

When all fiber plant, line and OSC connectivity tests are successfully completed, and the
commissioning files are available, the commissioning procedure for the 1830PSS-32
system with the RA3P Raman Amplifier can continue.
This procedure is divided in several steps as follows:

RA3P configuration
1830 PSS-32 Commissioning

Setting verification and completion

RA3P configuration
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configure the RA3P parameters listed in the table above.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the Input Loss safety switch is disabled.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch ON the RA3P using the WebUI ON/OFF button 1830 PSS-32
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

As shown in Figure 7-2, RA3P line connectivity (p. 7-5), both RA3P units are
completely independent. Therefore the above steps must be completed for each RA3P
unit at both ends of the long span.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Once both RA3P units are ON, verify that the OSC data link between the 1830 PSS-32
nodes at both ends of the long span is up. Once the data link is up, the 1830 PSS-32 nodes
are ready to be commissioned.

E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

1830 PSS-32 commissioning


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power commissioning with the 1354 RM-PhM greenfield system wizard is not supported
when a RA3P Raman amplifier is present. If run, it will yield inaccurate results for the
nodes at both ends of the long span. To power commission the nodes with an included
RA3P Raman amplifier without using the wizard, the user must set the nodes at both ends

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

8-2

Adjustments and system commissioning with 1830 PSS-32

Configuration

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

of the long span to be power managed manually. This will allow the wizard to complete
commission all nodes with automatically managed lines and will force the user to follow
additional steps to complete commissioning of the nodes at both ends of the long span.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Once power commissioning is complete for all other nodes within the network, the user
must return the setting of the lines at both ends of the long span to auto power managed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To commission 1830 PSS-32 systems with RA3P Raman Amplifiers always follow the
steps required for a TOADM linear system or a FOADM system. Refer to the
Alcatel-Lucent 1830 Photonic Service Switch 32 (1830 PSS-32) Installation and System
Turn-Up Guide for detailed procedures.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note that to commission TOADM linear systems or FOADM systems, OTs must be
installed and wavelength services provisioned at both terminal nodes.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Once all commissioning and power adjustment procedures are completed on both nodes,
the system is ready for its final step before an additional channel can be added.
Note: When Raman Amplifiers are present in a span, the loss report generated by the
1354 RM-PhM provides inaccurate results for that span. The loss report does not take
into account the gain provided by the Raman Amplifier; therefore, the calculated loss
for that span is incorrect.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Setting verification and completion


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the RA3P units continue operating normally with the configuration parameters
entered above and that there are no outstanding alarms or red LEDs.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the Input Loss safety switch is disabled.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Note: At this point, commissioning of the 1830PSS-32 nodes and RA3P units is
complete. Since the RA3Ps are intended to be used in set and forget mode, no
additional adjustments are required. The initial configuration parameters provided by
the EPT must not be modified, if channels are added or deleted on this segment.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
8-3
Issue 4 April 2010

Part II: PB1 EDFA Power Booster

Overview
Purpose

This part of the document provides information about the product specifics of the PB1
EDFA Power Booster.
Contents
Chapter 9, PB1 EDFA Power Booster

9-1

Chapter 10, PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

10-1

Chapter 11, PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

11-1

Chapter 12, PB1 EDFA Power Booster installation and commissioning

12-1

Chapter 13, Installation

13-1

Chapter 14, Commissioning

14-1

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
II-1
Issue 4 April 2010

PB1 EDFA Power Booster


9

PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware


Overview

PB1 EDFA Power Booster is a cost-effective micro processor-controlled high power


EDFA module for C-band (1528.4 1564.7nm) signal amplification. The amplifier
provides a flattened gain spectrum at its preset fixed gain point and low noise. Fast
transient suppression circuitry keeps the gain constant in cases when there are fast
changes in input power.
The PB1 EDFA Power Booster has the ability to boost output power of existing line
EDFA to 25.5dBm. Though output power of the Power Booster is in the range of eye
safety Class 3B it incorporates three independent Automatic Power Reduction (APR)
mechanisms that enable the unit to be classified as laser safety Class 1M which makes it
possible to install the PB1 EDFA Power Booster in Restricted areas as opposed to
Controlled areas. For further details regarding the APR mechanisms, please refer to
Automatic power reduction (APR) and restart (p. 9-5).
The following EDFA Power Booster is available:

PB1 EDFA Power Booster, PN 8DG59966AA

This chapter describes the general features of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster.
Application

The main merit of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster is its ability to increase the launch
power into a fiber span and thus enable longer transmission spans, longer haul systems,
and a larger channel count. Figure 9-1, PB1 EDFA Power Booster system application
(p. 9-2), shows the system application of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
9-1
Issue 4 April 2010

PB1 EDFA Power Booster

PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 9-1 PB1 EDFA Power Booster system application


Ultraspan
Power-Booster
26dBm
Inline
+6dB

Receive Site

Transmit Site

Tx

Inline Site

Rx

Inline Site

Tx

Rx
MUX

Booster

Tx

Inline

Inline

Preamp

DMUX

Rx

As the PB1 EDFA Power Booster amplifies the C-band signals, the Optical Supervisory
Channel (OSC) power budget may be a limiting factor on some links. The PB1 EDFA
Power Booster is equipped with a general purpose slot that can accept an OSC booster
module that boosts OSC power to levels above 10dBm, to extend OSC reach.
EDFA module block diagram

The following block diagram describes the main building blocks of the EDFA module
within the PB1 EDFA Power Booster. The module contains 4 detectors:

Input monitor detector for EDFA and OSC EDFA


Output monitor detector For EDFA and OSC EDFA
Back-reflection detector for back-reflection eye safety mechanism
L-band detector for Raman process L-band back reflection eye safety mechanism

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

9-2

PB1 EDFA Power Booster

PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 9-2 PB1 EDFA Power Booster block diagram


OUTPUT TAP

D3
Input

EDF

C Band
INPUT

WDM 1510/
1550 nm

Tap

Isolator

Isolator

WDM

Tap
2x2

Tap

WDM 1510/
1550 nm
OUTPUT

D1
Input
SOA

Tap

OSC
Two Pumps of 980nm

WDM 1625/
1550 nm

Isolator

SOA

Isolator
D2
Input
SOA

WDM 1625/
1550 nm

D6
Output
power

D5 Back
reflected
C Band

D4 Back
reflected
L Band

Tap

Mode of operation
AGC Automatic Gain Control

The amplifier operates at a constant gain level. The system management supplies the
required operation gain. The calculation of gain inside the amplifier is made according to
the equation:
G = (POUT PASE) / PIN where PIN and POUT are the total power levels at the input
and output of the amplifier and PASE is the excess Amplified Spontaneous Emission
(ASE) created by the amplifier at the specific gain.
By subtracting PASE from POUT it is assured that the amplifier locks onto the exact
desired gain.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
9-3
Issue 4 April 2010

PB1 EDFA Power Booster

Safety and automatic power reduction

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Safety and automatic power reduction


The PB1 EDFA Power Booster is classified as a class 1M laser product according to IEC
60825-1:2001 and CDRH 21 CFR 1040.10. This means that the product is safe under
normal operating conditions, but can be hazardous when the output connector or fiber is
viewed using optical instruments. Please refer to Automatic power reduction (APR) and
restart (p. 9-5) for further details regarding eye safety APR mechanisms.
In order to achieve class 1M classification, the amplifier incorporates an Automatic
Power Reduction (APR) eye safety mechanism. This mechanism automatically reduces
output power to below 20 dBm within 200ms if the transmission line connected to the
output port of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster is opened at a location near enough to the
EDFA such that the power at that point would be higher than 20 dBm. This ensures that if
a break (open connector or broken fiber) occurs in the transmission line, then the
maximum power emitted from the fiber at the point of the break will always be below
20.8dBm. This is well below the level required for class 1M classification (21.2 dBm
assuming transmission in the C-Band, 1525-1565nm). Thus, even though the output
power of the amplifier is 26dBm, the APR mechanism enables class 1M classification.
For a detailed discussion of laser safety, please refer to section Laser safety (p. 1-2).

Additional PB1 EDFA Power Booster features


Network Ready Communications

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster is controlled using the SNMP protocol through a standard
RJ-45 Ethernet LAN connector. The unit is supplied with a Graphical User Interface
(GUI) that can be installed on any computer connected to the LAN (or remote computer
with connection to the LAN).
Redundant Hot Swappable Power Supplies and Fans

The Power Booster includes two redundant and hot swappable power supplies (120/220V
or 48V DC), and 3 to 5 redundant hot swappable cooling fans.
Software Download

Operating software can be replaced or upgraded while the PB1 EDFA Power Booster is
operative without any harm to traffic passing the amplifier. The Software Download can
be performed from a remote site via the system management station or through the RS232
connector at the PB1 EDFA Power Booster front Panel.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

9-4

PB1 EDFA Power Booster

Additional PB1 EDFA Power Booster features

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Amplification for OSC

OSC is separated from C band at amplifier input. It passes through an EDFA to be


amplified to 11dBm.

Automatic power reduction (APR) and restart


Overview

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster emits invisible laser radiation through the line port that
can be potentially harmful to the human eye and skin, as well as to optical and electronic
equipment. Refer to Laser safety (p. 1-2) for detailed laser safety information.
During normal operation, when the PB1 EDFA Power Booster is connected through the
line port to a closed fiber transmission line, the amplifier may emit up to 400 mW of
radiation. However, as this radiation is enclosed within the transmission line, it poses no
hazard. A potential hazard can occur when this radiation is emitted out of the transmission
line, such as in case of a fiber break or connector opening. To avoid this, the PB1 EDFA
Power Booster is equipped with three different firmware mechanisms designed to detect a
fiber break or connector opening, and activate Automatic Power Reduction (APR) of the
PB1 EDFA Power Booster to reduce output power to below the level defined for class 1M
laser products (20dBm).
The APR mechanisms are based on detection of two effects:

C-band back reflection - Fresnel based.

Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) in the L-band (1600-1650nm) - Raman


scattering based.

APR protection ensures that opening the line port connector of the amplifier, or
occurrence of any fiber break or connector opening in jumpers in the vicinity of the
amplifier will activate decrease amplifier output power level to 20dBm in less then
200msec. The PB1 EDFA Power Booster product is thus classified as a class 1M laser
product according to IEC 60825-1:1993+A1:1997+A2:2001, and CDRH 21 CFR
1040.10.
APR detection mechanisms

There are three different APR detection criteria. These criteria are used either
independently or collectively to detect various scenarios, which indicate a potential safety
hazard and consequently result in APR activation. The criteria can also be used to detect
and alert system management with regard to deterioration of the transmission line.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
9-5
Issue 4 April 2010

PB1 EDFA Power Booster

Automatic power reduction (APR) and restart

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The three APR criteria are:


1. Back-reflection in C-band: Output power in C band of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster
and the back reflected C Band is continuously monitored and compared to the output
power. Changes in the back reflection ratio level ( Back reflection ratio = Back
reflected power / Output power) indicate an open connector in the system and triggers
an APR event. The threshold of the ratio between the output power and reflected
power is can be set from -28dB to -20dB. The default is -26dB. If the back reflection
ratio is higher than the threshold, the PB1 EDFA Power Booster reduces its output
power to 20dBm.
2. Transient in back scattered Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) in the L-band:
This mechanism continuously monitors the ASE in the L-band (1600-1650nm) caused
by Raman process of the high power C-band output entering the PB1 EDFA Power
Booster from the output port. Changes in ASE indicate an open or degraded line (high
loss points). If a change is detected which is greater than 1dB per 200ms, PB1 EDFA
Power Booster reduces its output power to 20dBm.
3. Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) in the L-band lower then Threshold: This
mechanism continuously monitors the ASE in the L-band (1600-1650nm) caused by
Raman process of the high power C-band output entering the PB1 EDFA Power
Booster from the output port. Low ASE indicates an open or degraded line (high loss
points). If low ASE is detected lower than X[dBm], the PB1 EDFA Power Booster
reduces its output power to 20dBm. Default value for X: -37dBm.
Return from shut down

If the input loss switch is enabled, the PB1 EDFA Power Booster will restart based on the
input power (>-3dBm). It will shut down if input power is below -5dBm. If the PB1
EDFA Power Booster is in automatic restart procedure (ARP) due to APR, it will restart
according to following logic:
1. APR due to High Back-reflection: After APR the power level will drop to 20dBm
(Mode=APC). Once the back-reflected power is within normal range, the power level
will increase to normal operating level.
2. APR due to L-band back scattering: If L-band power level/output power increases by
0.5dB (following a link restoration and at output 20dBm) compared to L-band power
level/output power prior to restoration, power level will increase to normal operating
level. If new L-band power is higher than X-Y (default value for Y=1.5dB), amplifier
will maintain power level. If L-band power is lower than X-Y, power level will go
down again to 20dBm.
RAMAN/EDFA APR LD reset behavior

With the RA3P Raman and PB1 EDFA Power Booster packs in a span, a hard reset or
cold reset of an ingress LD will trigger APR in the span. The APR condition is raised in
the up-stream node but not on the on the node where the ingress LD pack is rebooted. The
following illustration and sequence of events describe this behavior.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

9-6

PB1 EDFA Power Booster

Automatic power reduction (APR) and restart

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

1830 PSS-32 TOADM (B)

1830 PSS-32 TOADM (A)


Egress LD

Ingress LD

Ingress LD

EDFA
(A)
CWR8

OSC

to line fiber

RAMAN
(B)

OSC

OSC

RAMAN
(A)

from line fiber

Egress LD

OSC

CWR8

EDFA
(B)

When the ingress amp for TOADM (B) is rebooted:


1. RAMAN (A) sees OSC loss and turns off
2.
3.
4.
5.

This triggers APR only on TOADM (A)


The egress amp on TOADM (A) turns off
This turns off EDFA (A)
RAMAN (B) does not turn off as it does not see OSC loss
Note: In some cases EDFA (B) may not turn the pumps off, depending on the los
threshold setting on the PB1 EDFA Power Booster, and the number of channels
passing through this EDFA pack.

Settings for APR

Proper operation of APR requires settings for the PB1 EDFA Power Booster as shown in
the following illustration.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
9-7
Issue 4 April 2010

PB1 EDFA Power Booster

Automatic power reduction (APR) and restart

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Safety Switches & Thresholds:

Input Loss: Enabled

High Back Reflection: Enabled


L-Band Scattering: Enabled
High Back Reflection Threshold (dB): -25.0
L-Band Scattering Threshold (dB): -37.0

L-Band Scattering Tolerance (dB): 1.5


Input Loss Threshold )dB): 0.0

SOA Switches & Thresholds:

Input Loss Threshold (dB): -6.0


Shutdown on EDFA Input Loss: Disabled

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

9-8

10

10 EDFA Power Booster


PB1
specifications and
connectors

PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware


Available hardware

The following PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware, installation kits, and associated items
are available for ordering and use with 1830 PSS shelves.
Table 10-1

PB1 EDFA Power Booster hardware available for order

Mnemonic

Description

Product code

PB1

Power Booster (EDFA)

8DG59966AAAA

PB1IN19

PB1 Installation Kit - 19" or 23" Rack

8DG60162AAAA

PB1INET

PB1 Installation Kit - ETSI Rack

8DG60109AAAA

EIA/ANSI installation kit contents

The following items are included in the PB1IN19 EIA/ANSI Installation Kit:

1 Assy Kit bracket for 19" rack

1 Assy Kit bracket for 23" rack


2 Power Cable, 48V#C, NAR
1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 30M
1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 3M

4 12-24 x 3/8 Mounting screws, Pan Phil

ETSI installation kit contents

The following items are included in the PB1INET ETSI Installation Kit:

1 Assy Kit bracket for ETSI


2 Power Cable, 48V#C, ETSI
1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 30M

1 Jumper, LC-E2000, 3M
4 M6 x 10 Mounting screws, Pan Phil

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
10-1
Issue 4 April 2010

PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

Optical specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Optical specifications
Table 10-2

PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical specifications

Parameter

Units

Specification
Min.

Typ.

Notes
Max.

Bandwidth

nm

1528.4

1564.7

Saturation Output Power

dBm

25.5

Optimal Gain

dB

5.5

Input Power

dBm

-5

21

Output power

dBm

26.5

Output power stability

dB

Gain Flatness Versus WL

dB

0.5

0.75

Gain Accuracy at
Optimal Gain

dB

0.3

0.5

Accuracy for all


detectors (minimum is
worst case)

dB

Noise Figure

dB

Input and Output Return


Loss

dB

Pump Leakage

dBm

-30

PDL+PDG

dB

<0.4

PMD

ps

<0.2

Power Supply

38

55

Current

Power Supply Voltage

At optimal gain
with OSC filter at
Output (filter
IL=0.5dB)
6

6.5

Fixed Gain EDFA

At powers lower
than 5dBm output
stability worse than
0.1

0.1
At optimal gain

0.5

40

-36

The 2A Current is
required only at
turn ON of unit for
a few milliseconds
(at -48V)

-72

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

Optical specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 10-2

PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical specifications

Parameter

Units

Specification
Min.

Typ.

(continued)
Notes

Max.

Laser Safety

Class 1M

Time Response Parameters


The following table contains the EDFA module time response parameter specifications at
all operational conditions.
Table 10-3

Time response parameters

Parameter

Units

Specification
Min.

Typ.

Notes
Max.

Transient Gain Excursion

dB

1.5

Transient Gain Error

dB

0.5

Transient Settling Time

150

Return from Loss Rise


Time

ms

300

Shutdown Fall Time


from Input LOS

ms

40

16dB add/drop in 1
s

16dB add/drop in
1s

150

OSC booster card specifications


The PB1 EDFA Power Booster is equipped with an OSC booster EDFA which is used to
amplify the OSC at 1510nm for very long spans without repeaters.
The PB1 EDFA Power Booster mode of operation for OSC is APC (Automatic Power
Control). The amplifier is set to operate at APC with output power at 11dBm, regardless
of input power.
Table 10-4

Booster card specifications

Parameter

Units

Specification
Min.

Bandwidth

nm

1503.5

Typ.

Notes
Max.
1516.5

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OSC booster card specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 10-4

Booster card specifications

Parameter

Units

(continued)

Specification
Min.

Typ.

Notes
Max.

Saturation Output Power

dBm

11

Measured at output
port of Pizza Box.
Regardless of input
power.

Input Power Range

dBm

-4

PDG

dB

0.3

Noise Figure

dB

11

Physical specifications
Dimensions

The module physical dimensions are as described in the table below:


Table 10-5

PB1 EDFA Power Booster physical specifications

Parameter

Specification

Size

442mm x 44mm x 240mm (W


x H x D)

Front Panel Power


Connectors

2x3 Pin D Type (-48V DC)

Front Panel Communication


Connectors

Two RJ45, Three 9 Pin D


Type, One 25 Pin D-Type

Front Panel Optical Adaptors

2 x LC (Input, Out Tap


monitor)

Remarks

Ethernet 10/100Base-T,
RS232, high-speed interface,
I2C, Housekeeping.

High power E2000 output


connector
Cooling Fans

LEDs

1. Power

Two color LEDs.

2. ABN
3. FAIL
4. SHUT DOWN

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

Physical specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Environmental specifications

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster has the following environmental specifications:
Table 10-6

PB1 EDFA Power Booster physical specifications

Parameter

Specification

Environment Operating
Temperature

-5 - +55 DegC

Storage Temperature

-40 - +85 DegC

Humidity

5 90 %

Remarks

Ports and connectors

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster has three groups of connectors on the back panel as
shown in the following illustration.
Figure 10-1 PB1 EDFA Power Booster connectors

Optical connections

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster has the following optical connections:
Port

Description

LINE IN

LC - Amplifier input port

LINE OUT

E2000 - High power amplifier output port

MON

LC Amplifier output monitor port

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Physical specifications

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Figure 10-2 PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical connectors

Communications ports

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster has four communication ports:

Craft Terminal connector x 2


Maintenance (Housekeeping) port
RS232 communication port

INT1 and INT2 - I2C communication ports

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

Physical specifications

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Maintenance port connector

The DB-25 - Male connector (Maintenance) allows for direct-I/O via relays connected
directly to an FPGA. Alarms can be configured according to client's request (FW
programming). All output pins are relayed via an opto-coupler. The fault alarm also
includes also the case were as result of eye safety event output power is reduced to
20dBm. The pin out is shown below:
Table 10-7

Maintenance connector pin outs

PIN

Name

Function

Active State

Common

Customized input 1
Common OUT (Raman)

IN1

Manual shutdown

Contact closed

IN2

Manual restart

Contact closed

NC

INC

NC

NC

NC

OUT1

Line Degraded Eye


safety

Contact Closed

10

OUT2

Raman amplifier degraded

Contact Closed

11

NC

12

NC

13

GND

Housekeeping GND

14

Common

Common OUT (Raman)

15

NC

16

NC

17

NC

18

NC

19

NC

20

NC

21

OUT7

External Power Supply


Failed

Contact Closed

22

OUT8

Pumps Off

Contact Closed

23

OUT5

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

Physical specifications

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Table 10-7

Maintenance connector pin outs

24

OUT5

25

GND

(continued)

Housekeeping GND

RS232 communication port connector

The RS232 connector can be used to communicate to the PB1 EDFA Power Booster for
basic configuration (IP address setup, SW download, setting different passwords etc.).
This DB9 connector has the following pin outs.
Table 10-8

RS232 connector pin outs

Pin

Function

Pin

Function

NC

NC

RxD

NC

TxD

NC

NC

NC

GND

Craft terminal port connector

This RJ45 connector is used for connecting the PB1 EDFA Power Booster to an Ethernet
network (LAN) via a hub/switch device or a peer device (e.g. a PC equipped with
Ethernet network card). The network interface on the Power Booster supports either
10Base-T or 100Base-T connections via the RJ45 connector. Controlling and monitoring
the PB1 EDFA Power Booster via the RJ45 connector is done with the help of SNMP
management software, which uses the SNMP protocol to connect to the PB1 EDFA Power
Booster. SNMP Element Manger software is available for that purpose. Configuration of
the connection speed can be done via the craft terminal.
High-speed communication port

The high speed interface is used to communicate between network interfaced units in
high-speed protocol. The signal levels are compatible with LVDS and cabling between
the modules can be done using twisted-pair (100-ohm) cabling to ensure signal integrity.
Power connector

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster accepts 2x3 Pin D-Type (-48V DC) connectors. (See
Figure 10-1, PB1 EDFA Power Booster connectors (p. 10-5).)
The power cable drawing is illustrated below. RED is connected to 0, BLACK is
connected to -48V, and YELLOW/GREEN connected to Ground.

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Physical specifications

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Figure 10-3 PB1 EDFA Power Booster power cable


3000
100
30

40

RED
YELLOW GREEN
BLACK
N

GND

LED indicators

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster front panel has four LED indicators. Their functionality is
described in the table below.
Name

Color

Indication

POWER

Green/no light

GREEN - power operational.


No light- the internal AC/DC power supply is
switched off (e.g. at unit start-up) or when it is
failed.

ABN

Green/Red

GREEN No power reduction due to eye safety


event
RED - Amplifier output power reduced to 20dBm
for safety reasons.

SHUT
DOWN

Green/Red

GREEN Pumps are ON.


RED Amplifier is shut down. It can be either for
safety reason, Module failure or that unit did not
receive command to turn ON.

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Physical specifications

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FAIL

Green/Red/Amber

GREEN The board is plugged-in, configured,


and no failure exists.
RED A hardware failure in the Raman module
or mother board, which renders the unit unusable.
AMBER One of power supplies failed, One of
Fans failed, or firmware download is being
preformed.
OFF: when the board is plugged and not declared
(i.e. not configured)

Replacing a fan

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster has a redundant fans. If one of the fans malfunctions, a
system management alarm is received. A malfunctioning fan can be replaced using the
following procedure.
Refer to the GUI error message, as shown in the following illustration, or the EMS
through SNMP, to determine which fans need to be replaced. The GUI shown in the
following illustration indicates that fans 1 and 4 have failed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Refer to GUI error message, or EMS through SNMP, to find out which fan needs to be
replaced. For example, in GUI snapshot below FAN 1 and FAN 2 have failed.

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

Physical specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Take out the eight screws connecting the side cover of PB1 EDFA Power Booster as seen
in the three pictures below. Three of the screws are short (circled in yellow) and the
remaining five are longer (circled in red).

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster specifications and connectors

Physical specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Identify the defective fan(s) from labels beside the fans, as shown in picture below.

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Physical specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disconnect the wire-to-wire connector on the defective fan. (The connector with same
number as the failed Fan. For example, if Fan 2 is failed disconnect connector 2.)
Disconnect the connector on the side opposite where the number appears.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the defective fan.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the new fan. Make sure that the fan wires and label are facing into the chassis as
shown in the picture below.
Note: The orientation of the fan is critical to insure that the fan moves air in the
correct direction.

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Physical specifications

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect new fan with the wire-to-wire connector.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reinstall the side cover and 8 screws.


EN

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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11

11 EDFA Power Booster


PB1
GUI

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes setup of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI, its interface, and
capabilities.
Contents
GUI setup

11-1

Parameter description

11-5

GUI setup
Opening the GUI

To access the GUI, connect the Ethernet cross-over cable to the PC Ethernet port, and
open a Web- Browser on the PC. The default IP address of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster
is 150.1.1.192.
Prior to opening the GUI, a password dialog box is displayed (as shown below):

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

These passwords can be set in the MIB to value desired by client. The Read Password
allows access to monitoring only GUI access, the Write Password to full modification as
well. By default, you may click the OK button to continue.
A second level of password is required. By default, type Sup123 in the following dialog
box to get full GUI access

GUI Main window

The GUI Panel consists of 2 tabs:

Main Main GUI controls


SNMP Management Monitoring and setting SNMP traps

The main GUI window is shown in the Figure below:

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The Main tab

The Main tab, shown above is the first tab. It contains seven sub-windows and three
operating icons.
The seven windows are:
1. Configuration General operating parameters
2. Status General Status information for EDFA and OSC EDFA
3. Production Parameters Production related information
4. History since reboot Events that occurred in the past 24 hours since reboot.
5. Communication Indicates if SNMP communication is operative
6. Alarms graphic presentation of high importance alarms for EDFA and OSC EDFA
7. HSKU Command Status Indicates if Housekeeping (Maintenance) is controlling the
On/Off functionality
The operating icons are:
1. On / Off switch (green / red icon).
2. Boot button (blue icon).
3. Load Factory settings (arrow).
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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Help tips are available on the GUI screen when the cursor is placed on a specific
parameter.
SNMP management chart

The SNMP management chart shows parameter settings related to SNMP communication
and a summary view of events, time and date stamped as shown below.

Note: If there is no real-time clock hardware in the PB1 EDFA Power Booster, events
will be logged, but the time stamp will show "0-0-0 0:0:0:".
Note: Events will be logged also when the GUI window is not opened.
Event Log Code

Current state including APR Shutdown cause (Brief)

Input Loss

High Back Reflection

Eye Safety

Output Power or gain limited

16

Output Loss

32

End Of Life

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

GUI setup

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

256

OSC EDFA Input Loss

512

OSC EDFA End Of Life

1024

OSC EDFA High Temperature

2048

OSC EDFA Output low

8192

Power supply problem.

16385

Temperature problem (either Ambient or Pumps or 1U temperature).

32768

Maintenance shutdown or restart command.

The events history can be cleared either by typing RSTEV in the craft terminal window,
or remotely: via the MIB browser or by pressing Reset Events History button in the GUI.

Parameter description
Overview

The following information lists and describes the parameters of the GUI Main tab. It also
provides a brief explanation for each parameter, and information about configuration
options.
Operating icons

On / Off switch - (green/ red icon):

Reboot button - (blue icon):

Enable (Green) or disable (red) pumps operation. Disabling pump operation using
this icon supersedes any other setting or condition.

Boots both the EDFA module and the 1U box software.

Return to factory settings - (red arrow icon):

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

To return to the factory defaults push this button, followed by the Restart button. Otherwise the last
configuration will be kept, including all parameters except eye-safety related switches.

Configuration

For the following parameters, press the change () button to change the parameter value.
Configuration

Operating mode:

EDFA Operational Mode (Auto Gain Control). See Mode of operation (p. 9-3) for
more details.

Manual Gain Set:

Target gain setting for auto gain control.


Safety Switches

Input Loss:

If Enabled, then if Power below Input Loss threshold (-3dBm) EDFA shuts down. If
Disabled, EDFA will remain turned ON.

High Back Reflection:

If Enabled, then if there are occurrences of back reflection either in C band unit
reduces output power to 20dBm (eye safety protection). If disabled then C band
back-reflection safety protection mechanisms are disabled and unit will maintain its
high power regardless of transmission line situation. Disabling the safety requires a
password. When safety switch is disabled unit is not anymore class 1M laser safety
product.

L Band scattering:

If enabled and transient occurs in L Band ASE back scattering or L band reflected
power is lower than threshold, then output power is reduced to 20dBm. If disabled
unit does not reduce output power if L band safety event occurs. Disabling the safety
requires a password. If operator tries to enable switch while it is disabled than unit
will not perform operation till boot is preformed. A balloon in GUI will tells operator
that safety state will not be changed. When safety switch is disabled unit is not
anymore class 1M laser safety product.

L Band scattering Threshold:

If power of back scattered ASE in L band is below this value, unit will not be able to
be set power higher than 20dBm. Default is -37dBm.

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

L Band scattering Tolerance:

What is transient level in L band scattering, which unit recognizes as line


discontinuity. Defaults is 1dB.

Input Loss threshold:

Threshold is the input power into EDFA that below this level, unit recognizes input
signal loss to EDFA. Default is -3dBm.
OSC switches and thresholds

Input Loss threshold:

Threshold is the input power into OSC for PB1 EDFA Power Booster. Below this
level, the unit recognizes an input signal loss of OSC. The default setting is -6dBm.

Shutdown on EDFA Input Loss:

If Enabled and the PB1 EDFA shuts down because of input loss, OSC EDFA will also
shut down automatically. If disabled, a shut down of EDFA does not automatically
cause a shut down of OSC EDFA.
Status

The following status fields are displayed:

Status:

Detailed EDFA and OSC EDFA Status. First are displayed status of EDFA, followed
by ";" and then status of OSC EDFA. OSC EDFA status has prefix of SOA: XXXX.
When EDFA and OSC EDFA are OK then status is: Ok; SOA:Ok. Otherwise detailed
faults / alarms are reported. When a status item follows OK then this item is of minor
importance.

Fans Status (Pizza Box):

OK or Fail Fan 1, 2, 3, or 4

Internal Power Supply Status (Pizza Box):

Power supply status: OK or fail for Power Supply 1 or 2.

Pumps Status (EDFA):

Active or Shutdown.

Internal Module Temp (EDFA):

Temperature (PCB) of internal module (Celsius)

1U PCB Temp (Pizza Box):

Temperature of the 1U (pizza box) PCB (Celsius)

Pump #1 Temp (EDFA):

Pump #1 temperature (Celsius)

Pump #2 Temp (EDFA):

Pump #2 temperature (Celsius)

SOA status (OSC EDFA):

OSC EDFA active or shutdown.

SOA temp (OSC EDFA):

OSC EDFA Temperature (Celsius)


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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

SOA Gain (OSC EDFA):

OSC EDFA Gain (dB)

Gain (EDFA):

EDFA Gain when it is operated in Automatic Gain Mode.

EDFA Input Power (EDFA):

Input Power calibrated to Input port (dBm).

Output Power (EDFA):

Output power of EDFA (dBm) calibrated to Output Port.

Back Reflection Power (EDFA):

Ratio of the Back reflection power to the pumps power in C Band (dB).

L Band Scattering Power:

Power of back-reflected L-band (dBm)

Total Current (EDFA):

Current for operating the two Pumps in EDFA (mA)

OSC Input Power (OSC EDFA):

OSC Input power to Pizza Box (dBm)

OSC Output Power (OSC EDFA):

OSC output power at output port of Pizza Box (dBm)

SOA current (OSC EDFA):

Operating current of OSC EDFA (mA)


Production parameters

The following parameters are listed:

Hardware Revision (HW Rev)

EDFA operating software (FW Ver)


EMS software revision (EMS Rev)
GUI software revision (GUI Rev)
Production Date (Date)
Serial Number (SN)

Alarms

Alarms are displayed in three different colors:

Green OK
Red Fault
Orange Fault but related switch was disabled

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

EDFA alarms

The following alarm indications are displayed:

EDFA On:

Eye Safety:

Green: Input signal in C band above threshold.


Red: Input signal in C band below threshold, and input loss switch Enabled.

Orange: Input signal in C band below threshold and input loss switch Disabled

End-Of-Life

Green: Both Internal power supplies are OK.

Red: At least one of the internal power supplies has failed.


Ext. Power Supply A
Green: External power supply connected to connector "Power A" is OK.

Green: EDFA PCB Temperature/Pump temperature OK.


Red: PCB Temperature/Pump temperature warning.

Internal Power Supply

Green: Pumps current status OK.


Red: Pump current approaching end-of-life current.

High Temperature

Green: Output above 0dBm


Red: Output above 0dBm

Input Loss.:

Green: Gain or Output within target range.


Red: Gain or Output limited alarm.

Output Loss:

Green: No eye-safety problem.


Red: Eye safety warning.

Gain/Output limited:

Green: Pumps On.


Red: Pumps Off.

Red: External power supply connected to connector "Power A" is not operative.

Internal Power Supply

Green: Both Internal power supplies are OK.


Red: At least one of the internal power supplies has failed.

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Ext. Power Supply A

Green: External power supply connected to connector "Power A" is OK.


Red: External power supply connected to connector "Power A" is not operative.

Ext. Power Supply B

Green: External power supply connected to connector "Power B" is OK.


Red: External power supply connected to connector "Power B" is not operative.

SOA (OSC EDFA) alarms

The following alarm indications are displayed:

End-Of-Life

Low OSC out power

Green: Output Power is above 5dBm.


Red: Output power is below 5dBm.

High temperature

Green: OSC EDFA operating current is below 0.98 of EOL current.


Red: OSC EDFA operating current is above 0.98 of EOL current.

Green: OSC EDFA case temperature below 70C.


Red: OSC EDFA case temperature above 70C.

Input Loss

Green: OSC EDFA input power above -6dBm.


Red: OSC EDFA input below -6dBm

Status codes

The following table lists the codes that appear in the Status parameter, and the meaning
of each code.
Table 11-1

PB1 EDFA status codes

Code name

Status message

Response

Pump over-current alarm

ILD

Warning

Pump temperature alarm

TMP1 or TMP2

Shut-Down

High module (case)


temperature alarm

MTH

Warning

Low module (case)


temperature alarm

MTL

Warning

Coil temperature alarm

CT

Warning

Loss of signal (input) alarm

LOS

Shut-Down (only if inloss


switch enabled)

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI

Parameter description

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 11-1

PB1 EDFA status codes

(continued)

Code name

Status message

Response

Loss of output power (or


gain) alarm

LOP

Warning

Low output power (or gain)


alarm due to the optical power
required higher than
maximum output power

LOPMA

Warning

Excessive reflected output


power alarm

RFL

Power Reduction to 20dBm

Module disabled due to


amplifier disable input or
alarm

DIS

Shut-Down

Loss of DCF higher then


maximum loss allowed

DCH

Warning

Module in eyesafe mode due


to eyesafe input or alarm

ES

Power Reduction to 20dBm

Module gain or output power


limited by software gain
limitation

LIM

Warning

EDFA Module is operating


normally

OK

OSC EDFA is operating


normally

SOA:OK

Pump over-current alarm

SOA:ILD

Warning

Pump temperature alarm

SOA:TMP

Shut Down

High module (case)


temperature alarm

SOA:MTH

Warning

Low module (case)


temperature alarm

SOA:MTL

Warning

Loss of signal (input) alarm

SOA: LOS

Shut-Down (only if inloss


switch enabled)

Gain not locked

SOA:LOP

Warning

Module disabled due to


amplifier disable input or
alarm

SOA: DIS

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12

12 EDFA Power Booster


PB1
installation and
commissioning

Setting up the PB1 EDFA Power Booster


Unpacking the PB1 EDFA Power Booster

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster package comprises the following:

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster unit

A power supply cable


A LAN cable
One yellow fiber jumper having a high power E2000 connector on one end, and an
FC/PC connector on the other.
Two hybrid fiber jumpers with LX 0.5/SC connectors.
Optional accessories, if ordered.

PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical setup

The steps below will guide you as to how to connect the PB1 EDFA Power Booster to
optical equipment:
1. In the Power Booster package, find the yellow jumper with a High power E2000
connector on one side and an LC/PC connector on the other.
2. After cleaning both connectors, connect the High power connector of the jumper to
the PB1 EDFA Power Booster unit (Line port) and the LC/PC connector to the SMF
fiber line (at least 25Km of SMF fiber). Note that the jumper with the E-2000 High
Power connector is the only one with a yellow jacket.
3. Connect an input signal source to the other end of the fiber line.
Note: Before making any optical connection, thoroughly clean all connectors.
An example optical setup is shown in the following illustration.

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster installation and commissioning

Setting up the PB1 EDFA Power Booster

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

>25km
C-band
Sources

Booster

NIPX

OSA

After the optical setup is complete, you can proceed to power-on the PB1 EDFA Power
Booster.
Powering-on the PB1 EDFA Power Booster

Follow the instructions below to power on the PB1 EDFA Power Booster.
1. Set the voltage of the power supplies to 48 volts.
2. Set the current limit of the power supplies to 2A.
3. Connect a communication cable to the LAN port of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster, or
use supplied cross communication cable between the PB1 EDFA Power Booster and
your PC.
4. Connect the PB1 EDFA Power Booster to the two power supplies with the supplied
cables. The Black Banana connector should be connected to the power supply port
with more negative polarity. For example if a 48V supply is used then connect the
Black Banana connector to the 48V port and the Red Banana to the 0V port. The 0V
port can be connected to ground or floating.
5. Be sure that the PB1 EDFA Power Booster is connected to an optical fiber line, as
described in PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical setup (p. 12-1).
6. DO NOT proceed to next step before all optical connectors in use are closed, and
those which are not in use, have protective caps placed over them.
7. Turn on the power supplies.
8. If the Java software is not yet installed on your PC, then follow the installation
instructions in section 3.3.4. Once the installation is complete, operate the GUI Icon
on the PC Desktop.
9. The PB1 EDFA Power Booster is now ready for use. For a detailed description of the
GUI software, refer to Chapter 11, PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI.

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PB1 EDFA Power Booster installation and commissioning

Setting up the PB1 EDFA Power Booster

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI software installation (Peer-to-Peer connection)


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Use the steps below to install the GUI software on a PC with a peer to peer connection to
the PB1 EDFA Power Booster.
1. Connect the target PC on which you wish to install the PB1 EDFA Power Booster
GUI to the Internet.
2. Download the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (http://java.sun.com/j2se/
desktopjava/jre/index.jsp) from the following link: http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/
download.jsp (http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/download.jsp) .
3. When the page for that link shows up locate the link named Download JDK 5.0
Update 6 (http://javashoplm.sun.com/ECom/docs/Welcome.jsp?StoreId=22&
PartDetailId=jdk-1.5.0_02-oth-JPR&SiteId=JSC&TransactionId=noreg) (or later
version) and click on that link.
4. You will receive a License Agreement page. Choose "Accept" and click on continue.
5. On the next page look for the link named: Windows Online Installation,
Multi-language (http://192.18.97.133/ECom/EComTicketServlet/
BEGIN25801F0DB7794C1949406F10132ACCA1/-2147483648/825356883/1/
592454/592418/825356883/2ts+/westCoastFSEND/jdk-1.5.0_02-oth-JPR/jdk-1.5.0_
02-oth-JPR:15/jdk-1_5_0_02-windows-i586-p-iftw.exe) and click on it.
6. Save the downloaded file in a folder. After the file has been downloaded
7. Activate it by clicking on it in the folder. This will install JRE.
8. Wait a few minutes for the installation to complete. After successful completion
continue to next step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disconnect the target PC from the Internet.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the target PC to the PB1 EDFA Power Booster. Use a cross-over network cable
for the peer-to-peer connection.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Assign an IP address to the target PC within the default address range for the PB1 EDFA
Power Booster (150.1.NNN.NNN). For example, assign the address 150.1.1.9 to the
target PC using the following procedure:
1. Right-click on "My network places" on the desktop of the target PC. Click on
Properties. Right-click on the "Local Area Connection"
2. Click on Properties. Select "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)" (if not already selected) by
clicking on it. Click on the Properties button.
3. Write down all the settings that now appear on the Properties dialog, so you can
restore them after completing the peer-to-peer connection.

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Setting up the PB1 EDFA Power Booster

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4. Click on the "Use the following IP address:" (if it is not already selected). In the "IP
address" input following 4 numbers: 150.1.1.9. In the "Subnet mask" input the
following 4 numbers: 255.255.0.0. Erase all the numbers in the "Default gateway"
and leave it blank. Click on the "OK" button. Click again on another "OK" button.
5. If asked to restart the PC, do this and then continue with the next step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Activate the GUI (via Internet Explorer) by clicking on its icon on the target PC's
desktop. Leave the default IP address, 150.1.1.192, untouched.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On 1st activation a Java logo will show up for several seconds before the PB1 EDFA
Power Booster GUI page is displayed. On subsequent activations display of the Java logo
may be skipped.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

After completing the peer-to-peer connection with the PB1 EDFA Power Booster, return
the PC to its previous network connection using the procedure in Step 4 to reassign the
settings that were written down previously.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI can also be configured for network connection, but
this is not covered in this document.
EN

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Basic operating instructions


Overview

This section provides basic operating instructions for the PB1 Booster amplifier, and
assumes that it has been set up according to the instructions given in Setting up the PB1
EDFA Power Booster (p. 12-1). For detailed information about the PB1 GUI software,
please refer to Chapter 11, PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI
Turning the PB1 EDFA Booster Module on and off, and checking status

To turn the PB1 EDFA Booster Module on and off, use the large red/green icon on GUI.
The icon is red when the pumps are off, and green when the pumps are on.
If an automatic pump shut down has occurred, and you wish to restart the pumps, use the
large blue icon on the GUI.

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Basic operating instructions

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The status of the PB1 EDFA Booster Module can be viewed in the "Status" parameter on
the GUI. The value "OK" indicates proper operation, any other value indicates a problem.
See section Table 11-1, PB1 EDFA status codes (p. 11-10) for detailed information on
the status codes.
Setting pumps operating mode, and pump monitoring information

The PB1 EDFA Booster Module operating mode is set using the Operating Mode
parameter in the GUI. The possible value for this parameter is Auto Gain Ctrl. See section
Mode of operation (p. 9-3) for a description of this mode of operation.
With the operating mode set to Auto Gain Ctrl, the required gain is set using the
parameter Manual Gain Set on the GUI.
Various monitoring information, including status, output power, temperature and current,
can be viewed in the PumpMonitoring window on the GUI.
Monitoring Optical Power

To monitor the input power to the EDFA and Line ports, see the parameters Input Pwr and
Forward Pwr in the Status window in the Main tab of the GUI. The Status window also
displays other monitored powers, such as back-reflection.

GUI software upgrade


Procedure for GUI software upgrade
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Establish a PC to provide TFTP service. During the Software download process you will
use its IP Address. Open TFTP service on the assigned PC.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the TFTP server, save the edfa_5813.bin and pwrex_8alc.con in a directory named
C:\tftproot.
Note: Be sure that you are using the most recent files for the EDFA.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect the PB1 EDFA Power Booster to a COM port on your PC. Use the RS232
connector on the PB1 EDFA Power Booster and a standard RS232 cable for the
connection.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the connected PC, open a Hyper-Terminal window (>Start >Programs >Accessories >
Communications > HyperTerminal) using the following parameters:

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GUI software upgrade

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Connect To Tab Configuration:

Bits per second: 19200


Data bits: 8

Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None

Settings Tab Configuration

Function, arrow, and CTRL keys act as: Terminal keys


Back space key sends: Ctrl+H
Emulation: VT100
Input Translation: Shift-JIS

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Re-cycle the power supply on the PB1 EDFA Power Booster, and observe the
HyperTerminal window.
When it displays, Press any key to halt boot sequence. immediately press the Enter
key.
(Repeat if the boot sequence does not halt.)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Several prompts will follow. You will be asked to respond to each as described below.
This sequence is for assigning the IP address you have received from your network
administrator to the PB1 EDFA Power Booster.
1. For the prompt:
Please enter CLI password.
Type: webpass
2. For the prompt:
Change password? [Y/N] Type: N
3. For the prompt:
Please enter IP parameters
Acquire IP configuration using DHCP? [N] Type: N
4. For the prompt:
IP address [150.1.1.192 ] Press the Enter key.
5. For the prompt:
Netmask [255.255.0.0 ] Press the Enter key.

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GUI software upgrade

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6. For the prompt:


Default gateway [150.1.1.254 ] Press the Enter key.
7. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C
8. For all the following prompts:
Please enter new boot parameters
SNMP get community [public] SNMP set community [private] TFTP server address [150.1.1.136] Type IP Address of a TFTP Server, (please consult your network administrator. )
9. For the following prompt:
TFTP filename [ ] Type: edfa_5813.bin (Be sure that you are using the most recent .bin file for the
EDFA.)
10. For the prompt:
Boot operation [1:Download image, 2:Download content, 3:Run] Type: 1
11. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C
12. Wait until the following prompt is displayed:
Please enter new boot parameters
13. For all the following prompts:
Please enter new boot parameters
SNMP get community [public] SNMP set community [private] TFTP server address [150.1.1.136] Press the Enter key.
14. For the prompt:
TFTP filename [ ] Type: edfa_5813.bin (Be sure that you are using the most recent files for the EDFA.)
15. For the prompt:
Boot operation [1:Download image, 2:Download content, 3:Run] Type: 2
16. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C
17. Wait until the following prompt is displayed:
Please enter new boot parameters
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GUI software upgrade

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18. For all the following prompts:


Please enter new boot parameters
SNMP get community [public] SNMP set community [private] TFTP server address [150.1.1.136] TFTP filename [pwrex_8alc.con] - (Be sure that you are using the most recent .con
file for the EDFA.)
Press the Enter key.
19. For the prompt:
Boot operation [1:Download image, 2:Download content, 3:Run] Type: 3
20. For the prompt:
Modify the above or continue? [M/C] Type: C
21. Wait until the following prompt is displayed:
About to issue init cmd...
done
PLD version 0x4
Turn off all Housekeeping alarms
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The PB1 EDFA Power Booster has been assigned a valid IP address for connection to
your network. You can now disconnect the RS232 connection between the PB1 EDFA
Power Booster and your PC.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that both the target PC and the PB1 EDFA Power Booster are connected to your
network. Use a standard straight-through network cable for each connection, not a
cross-over cable.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that your target PC is assigned a valid IP.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Activate the GUI via Internet Explorer (Activate Internet Explorer by clicking on its icon
on the target PC's desktop.)
In the Internet Explorer address bar change the default IP address (150.1.1.192) to the one
that was supplied by your network administrator.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

On first activation of the GUI, a Java logo will show up for several seconds, then the
Raman GUI page will be displayed.

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GUI software upgrade

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On subsequent activations, display of the Java logo may be skipped.


END

O F

S T E P S

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Installation
13

Overview
Purpose

The PB1 EDFA booster amplifier is an add-on unit to the 1830 PSS-32. It does not fit in
the 1830 PSS-32 shelf but is installed in an Optinex ETSI rack, EIA cabinet, and 19" or
23" bay frames. Appropriate mounting brackets are required for each mounting option.
See Table 3-1, RA3P Raman hardware available for order (p. 3-1) for installation kit
information. The PB1 EDFA booster amplifier is managed through its own Graphical
User Interface running on a PC, either locally or remotely through a LAN.
After rack mounting, optical connections must be established, then electrical connections,
and finally the PB1 EDFA booster must be configured and activated through the software
tool.
Contents
Rack installation of PB1 EDFA

13-2

Optical connections

13-4

Electrical connections

13-9

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Installation

Rack installation of PB1 EDFA

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Rack installation of PB1 EDFA


Rack housing

The PB1 EDFA booster amplifier is intended for installation in Optinex ETSI racks, EIA
cabinets, and 19 or 23 bay frames.
Installation

use the following procedure and information to physically install the PB1 EDFA booster
amplifier in a rack.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Determine the type of rack in which the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier will be mounted,
and locate the appropriate mounting bracket kit, either the EIA (19") or ANSI (23")
brackets from the EIA/ANSI Installation Kit or the ETSI brackets from the ETSI
Installation Kit. (Refer to Available hardware (p. 10-1).)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the brackets on both sides of the PB1 EDFA booster using the screws provided
with the brackets as shown in Figure 13-1, Mounting bracket (p. 13-2).
Figure 13-1 Mounting bracket

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Mount the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier to the shelf using 2 screws per side, as shown in
Figure 13-2, Mounting the PB1 in a rack (p. 13-3). For EIA/ANSI shelves, use the
12-24 x 3/8 Mounting screws included in the EIA/ANSI Installation Kit. For ETSI
shelves, use the M6 x 10 mounting screws included in the ETSI Installation Kit.
Note: Some 19" racks do not use 12-24 mounting hardware. When this is the case, use
the hardware that is supplied by the frame manufacturer.

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Installation

Rack installation of PB1 EDFA

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Figure 13-2 Mounting the PB1 in a rack

Note: It is recommended that the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier be mounted at the
bottom of the rack as shown in Figure 13-3, PB1 positioning in rack (p. 13-4) . If
multiple PB1 EDFA units will be installed at a site, it is recommended that they be
mounted directly above one another starting at the bottom of the rack.
Note: The PB1 EDFA fan takes in air on the left and exhausts it to the right. Care
must be taken not to block the intake or exhaust, or to heat the intake with exhaust
from adjacent equipment.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

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Installation

Rack installation of PB1 EDFA

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Figure 13-3 PB1 positioning in rack

Optical connections
After installation in the rack, the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier must be connected to the
1830 PSS-32 and to the line fiber. Optical connections to the 1830 PSS-32 may differ,
depending on the location of the PB1 EDFA.
Extremely important: Before making any optical connection, thoroughly clean all
connectors. Use of a camera to check connector cleanness is highly recommended. Please
note that all optical ports of the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier are of LC/SPC type, except
the line port which is of E2000 type for reliability reasons. The 30m long E2000 cable
provided with the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier must be spliced to the line fiber to avoid
multi-connections between the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier and the line.
Optical connection scheme

The generic optical connection scheme is as follows.

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Installation

Optical connections

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Figure 13-4 Generic optical connection scheme

Optical ports

The PB1 EDFA booster amplifier is equipped with three Optical ports, as described in
Table 13-1, PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical ports (p. 13-5) (also see Figure 9-2, PB1
EDFA Power Booster block diagram (p. 9-3).
Table 13-1

PB1 EDFA Power Booster optical ports

Port

Type

Description

Line In

LC

The signal from the TOADM/FOADM egress LD enters


the PB1 EDFA Power Booster through this port.

Line Out

E2000

This port has an E2000 high power connector.


The signal exits the PB1 EDFA Power Booster through this
port to the optical line, which is typically connected to a
Raman amplifier.

Monitor

LC

Used to monitor the signal exiting from the output port


(0.5% tap)

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Installation

Optical connections

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Connect the Output Port of the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier to the line input port of the
1830 PSS-32 ingress line driver.
Connect the Line port of the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier to the line fiber (30m long
E2000 cable).
If necessary, connect the Monitoring port of the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier to an
Optical Spectrum Analyzer.
Note: When removing the monitoring cable, be careful to keep other connections in
place.
Optical connection in a 1-Degree TOADM/FOADM

Optical connections in a 1-Degree TOADM/FOADM are as follows:

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Installation

Optical connections

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Figure 13-5 Optical connection in a 1-Degree R/TOADM

Optical connection for an in-line amplifier (ILA) site

The following illustration show optical connections for an in-line amplifier (ILA) site
when only one span (East or West) is long:
Figure 13-6 Optical connection in an ILA site with one long span

The following illustration show optical connections in a line-repeater site when both East
and West spans are long:
Figure 13-7 Optical connection in an ILA site with long spans on both sides

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Installation

Optical connections

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Optical connection in an 1830 PSS-32 R/TOADM or 1830 PSS-32 FOADM site

The following illustration shows optical connections in an 1830 PSS-32 R/TOADM or


1830 PSS-32 FOADM site when only one span (West or East) is long:
Figure 13-8 Optical connection in a FOADM with one long span

The following illustration shows optical connections in an R/TOADM site when both
East and West spans are long:
Figure 13-9 Optical connection in a R/TOADM sites with two long spans

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Installation

Electrical connections

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Electrical connections
After installing in the rack and connecting the optical fibers, the PB1 EDFA Power
Booster must be electrically connected to the 1830 PSS-32, to the Top Rack Unit power
supply, and to a PC for setting and starting. The connectors used to do this are shown
below, and described in the following text.

Housekeeping cable

The Housekeeping connector of the PB1 EDFA booster amplifier is for future use. It
allows the user to manage some electrical relays and opto-couplers to monitor the PB1
EDFA booster amplifier or to manually shutdown and restart the PB1 EDFA booster
amplifier for safe maintenance of the optical link.
Power supply cable(s)

Connect the power supply cable(s) of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster to the Top Rack Unit
(3 Amps fuses). For power cable details see Figure 10-3, PB1 EDFA Power Booster
power cable (p. 10-9).
Note that the PB1 EDFA Power Booster is equipped with redundant connectors for high
reliability. It is recommended, but not required, that you connect both power supply
cables to the TRU. Different power cables are required for ETSI and ANSI environments.
Verify that the correct cable is available before installation. (See Table 3-1, RA3P
Raman hardware available for order (p. 3-1) for installation kit information.)
Ethernet cable

Connect the Ethernet port of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster to the local PC (using an
RJ45 cross-over cable) or to the LAN (using a standard RJ45 straight-through cable).
Note that this connection is mandatory for setting and starting the PB1 EDFA Power
Booster. It is not necessary to maintain this connection during system operation.
RS232 cable

If necessary, connect the RS232 port of the PB1 EDFA Power Booster to the local PC.
This allows the GUI to be upgraded (see GUI software upgrade (p. 12-5)).
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Commissioning
14

Preparation
GUI overview

When all optical and electrical connections are complete, put the PB1 EDFA Power
Booster front cover in place. Then switch the 48V power supply on and launch the GUI
application. (See PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI software installation (Peer-to-Peer
connection) (p. 12-3) for the GUI installation procedure.)
The GUI screen is divided in several zones: configuration parameters, production
parameters, status, alarms, communication, sample, local terminal status, and icons. (See
Chapter 11, PB1 EDFA Power Booster GUI for a detailed description of the
parameters.)
boostergui
Help tips are available on the GUI screen when the cursor is placed over a specific
parameter.

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Commissioning

Preparation

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Figure 14-1 Graphical user interface

Table 14-1

List of PB1 parameters and status

Item

Recommended
value before
starting PB1

Allowable
parameters

Recommended
value after
starting PB1

Configuration parameters
Operating Mode

Auto Gain Ctrl

Auto Gain Ctrl

Auto Gain Ctrl

Manual Gain Set

0 to 520 mW

Safety Switches and Thresholds


Input Loss

Enable / Disable

Enable

Enable

High Back Reflection

Enable / Disable

Enable

Enable

L -Band Scattering

Enable / Disable

Enable

Enable

High BackR
Threshold

-20dB to -28dB

-26dB

-25dB

L -Band Scattering
Threshold

-17dB to -30dB

-37dB

-37dB

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Commissioning

Preparation

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Table 14-1

List of PB1 parameters and status

Item

Allowable
parameters

(continued)

Recommended
value before
starting PB1

Recommended
value after
starting PB1

L -Band Scattering
Tolerance

-17dB to -30dB

1dB

1.5dB

Input Loss Threshold


(dB)

0dB to 5dB

0dB

-6dBm

SOA Switches and Thresholds


Input Loss Threshold

0dB to 5dB

-4dBm

-6dB

Shutdown on EDFA
Input Loss

Enable/Disable

Disable

Disable

Status

Refer toTable 11-1,


PB1 EDFA status
codes (p. 11-10)

SD1 SD2

OK

Fans Status

OK / Fail Fan 1,2,3,4

OK

OK

Internal Power
Supply Status

OK / Fail Pwr.
Supply 1,2

OK

OK

Pumps Status

Shutdown / Active

Shutdown

Active

Internal Module
Temp (C)

-5C to 85C

Room temperature

-5C to 80C

1U PCB Temp (C)

-5C to 65C

Room temperature

-5C to 55C

Pump #1 Temp

20C to 30C

<28C

<28C

Pump #2 Temp

20C to 30C

<28C

<28C

OSC AMP Status

Shutdown / Active

Shutdown

Active

OSC AMP pump


Temp (C)

20C to 30C

25C 2C

25C 2C

OSC AMP power


(dBm)

11dBm

11dBm

11dBm

Gain

4 to 18dB

Cannot be set

Cannot be set

Status parameters

In the following procedures the PB1 is turned on in phases. Note that the 1830 PSS-32 is
a two fiber system (Transmit and Receive). Therefore, two PB1 units are required for a
long span, one at each end of the fiber span as shown in the figure below. The output of
the egress LD of the 1830 PSS-32 node (a TOADM, ROADM, FOADM, or a
line-repeater site) is connected to the input of their collocated PB1.
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Commissioning

Preparation

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 14-2 PB1 EDFA line connectivity

As shown above, both PB1 units are completely independent. Therefore, all of the
following steps to set up the PB1 units must be completed individually for each unit.
The following procedures are performed in back-to-back sequence to verify line
connectivity, and to set up the PB1 units.

Initialization
Load factory setting

Checking the line for back-reflections


Initial WebUI settings
Line Connectivity and OSC power verification
Checking back-reflections during power-on

Checking back-reflection ratio


Final WebUI settings

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Commissioning

Initialization

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Initialization
Load factory settings

In the following procedure the PB1 unit will be turned on in phases.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Press the Return to Factory Settings button at the right hand side of the GUI screen.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reboot the PB1 by pressing the Reboot button.


END

O F

S T E P S

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Checking the line for back-reflections


Overview

In this section, the line is checked to verify that fiber is clean, and that there are no
unwanted back-reflections. Bad connectors along the transmission line can be damaged
by the PB1 and will cause the unit to not turn on.
Initial WebUI settings
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Chose Auto Gain Ctrl in the Operating Mode field.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set Manual Gain Set to 6.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disable the following safety Pumps Shutdown Switches:

Input Loss
Note: Safety switches are password protected. The default password is alcatel or
1234567

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the High Back-Reflection Threshold to -20.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the LBand Scattering Threshold to -40.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set Input Loss Threshold to -6.

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Commissioning

Checking the line for back-reflections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the SOA Input Loss Threshold to -6.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set Shutdown on EDFA to Disabled.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the parameters are received in the GUI.

E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Line connectivity and OSC power verification

In this procedure, you will check the line to verify system connectivity between the 1830
PSS-32 system and the PB1. Therefore for this procedure, enable the OSC at the transmit
1830 PSS-32 node.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the PB1 is switched off.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the OSC power at the input of the PB1 unit is present and greater than -2dBm.
You can do this by reading the OSC Input Power from the PB1 in the Web UI.
Note: If OSC Band Power is not within specified range, verify line connectivity, but
do not continue with installation. Installation can not continue until OSC power is
within range. Verify with the system installer that the OSC signal is present on the
line.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Once the OSC power is within range, proceed to Checking back-reflections during
power-on (p. 14-6).

E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Checking back-reflections during power-on


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Commission at least one channel on the transmit 1830 PSS-32 node to the PB1 under test.
Verify that the OSC at the transmit 1830 PSS-32 node is still enabled.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch On the PB1 unit using the WebUI On/OFF button.

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14-6

Commissioning

Checking the line for back-reflections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the PB1 was activated go to, Step 7.


If the PB1 was not activated, continue to the following step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disable the High Back Reflection and Lband Scattering switches.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the PB1 is disabled (On/OFF Button = Red): Switch the PB1 On.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the PB1 does not turn on, call Technical Support.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Finish
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Checking the back-reflection ratio

Note: If a Back Reflection Ratio < -25dB cannot be reached in the following
procedure, call Technical Support.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check and record the Back Reflection Ratio (dB) value = _______
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the value is less than -25dB go to Step 6.


If the value is greater than -25dB (i.e. -20dB) continue with the next step.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch off the PB1 using WebUI ON/OFF button.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Clean all Optical Connectors connecting the PB1 to the transmission line. Then reconnect
them, and Switch the PB1 on.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Go to Step 1.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Switch off the PB1 using the WebUI ON/OFF Button.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
14-7
Issue 4 April 2010

Commissioning

Checking the line for back-reflections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enable the High back reflection the switch if previously disabled.

E....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
N D O F S T E P S

Final WebUI settings


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the PB1 unit is off. If it is on, switch it off using the WebUI On/OFF Button.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Chose Auto Gain Ctrl in the Operating Mode field.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set Manual Gain Set to 6.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enable the following safety switches:

Input Loss
High Back reflection
L-Band Scattering
Note: Safety switches are password protected. The default password is alcatel or
1234567.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the High Back-Reflection Threshold to -26.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set LBand Scattering Threshold to -37.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set Input Loss Threshold to -6.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the SOA Input Loss Threshold to -6.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set Shutdown on EDFA to Disabled.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Verify that the parameters are received in the GUI.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

14-8

Commissioning

Checking the line for back-reflections

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note: At this point, installation and verification of the PB1 unit is complete. Before
switching the PB1 unit on, check that all previously described parameters
(configuration, status, and alarms) are correct (see Table 14-1, List of PB1
parameters and status (p. 14-2)). The unit is now ready to be commissioned for
operation with the 1830PSS-32 system.
END

O F

S T E P S

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
14-9
Issue 4 April 2010

Appendix A: Raman amplifier


status codes

This section lists the codes that appear in the Status parameter, and the meaning of each
code.
"SD1 SD2": Pump Shutdown event has occurred
"TSD": PCB shutdown temperature was reached (80 C)
"TMX": PCB maximum temperature was reached (75 C)
"HSD" or " TOF": One of the pumps has reached shutdown temperature (35 C)
"HMX": One of the pumps has reached maximum temperature (30 C)
"LSD": One of the pumps has reached minimum shutdown temperature (15 C)
"LMN": One of the pumps has reached minimum temperature (20 C)
"EOL": One of the pumps has reached End Of Life threshold.
"ESA": Eye Safety Alert.
"PML" Pumps power is below threshold (400 mW)
"ARP": Module is performing Automatic Restart Procedure, in which it waits a number of
seconds defined by the "ARPTime" (AL command) before activating pumps.
"DTL": Dithering (OSC) loss alarm.
"DTS": Dithering (OSC) loss while pumps are shutdown (pumps will not be activated)
"FBD": Fiber deterioration alarm
"INH": High input power (> 0 dBm) on EDFA port (while in backward mode)
"LOH": Pumps power reduced to eliminate high Lineout power (exceeding 27 dBm) at the
Line interface. (This is a clear-on-read alarm.)
"NOF": C-Band power loss (no out fiber connected on the Line interface or, if in
backward mode, also due to input power loss)
"ALSnnn" (e.g. ALS1): Pumps are shutdown because one or more of the APR Scenarios.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
A-1
Issue 4 April 2010

Raman amplifier status codes


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The number "nnn" is calculated as the sum of the ALS code numbers, which correspond
to the APR Scenarios that have caused Pumps shutdown. The "first" encountered APR
Scenario that caused Pumps shutdown is reported by the APRStatus parameter (AS
command).
Table A-1

APR shutdown cause

ALS Code No.

APR Shutdown cause (Brief)

Input Loss

High Back Reflection

High Back Reflection transient

128

OSC Loss

64

OSC band Loss

16

OSC Band transient

"WSD": Pumps were / are disabled by hardware control pin. (This is clear-on-read alarm).
"SCD": Sticky APR Status codes (CSDnn). Used as history for causes of shut down.
Can be cleared by RESTART icon:
1 - Core APR is Enabled and may cause pumps shutdown (Disabled by default).
2 - High Back Reflection (Ratio of back reflection power to the combined pumps
power is higher than -17dB)
4 - OSC band power after pumps start-up failed (didn't rise by 2dB or more)
8 - OSC band power dropped (by 2dB or more compared to 1st reading after pumps
on).
16 - OSC band power is low (less than -43dBm).

"OF1 OF2": Pumps are disabled (by an On/Off switch (Amplifier Switch).
"PESnnn" or "WESnnn" (e.g. PES-3 or WES-55): Pumps were shutdown due to High
Back Reflection power. If "WES" (Was PES) appears then pumps were reopened due to
existing dithering (OSC).
The number "nnn" is the back reflection power (ddBm) that caused pumps shutdown, in
case APR Scenario is Back Reflection Transient.
Following the PES / WES Status Code there are more details relating to the back
reflection hazard BEFORE pumps shutdown:
"prvnnn" (e.g. prv-28): Previous reading of back reflection power in case pumps
shutdown was because of APR Scenario is Back Reflection Transient, where "nnn" is the
previous back reflection power (ddBm).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

A-2

Raman amplifier status codes


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

"hinnn" (e.g. hi21): High back reflection power with regard to pumps power, where
"nnn" is the high back reflection power (ddBm) in case pumps shutdown was because of
APR Scenario is High Back Reflection. The threshold ratio for back reflection power with
regard to pumps power is specified by the HiBackRThresh parameter (AB command).
"pwnnn" (e.g. pw266): Combined pumps power before shutdown - in case pumps
shutdown was because of APR Scenario is High Back Reflection, where "nnn" is the
combined pumps power (ddBm).
"nNS" (e.g. 4NS) (optional): Shutdown because of high back reflection will NOT be
performed, due to maximum allowed "n" consecutive times of immediate pumps open
(because of existed dithering) following a close as result of high back reflection.
"COn" (e.g. CO3) (optional): There were "n" consecutive times of immediate pumps open
(because of existed dithering) following a close as result of high back reflection.
"SMOnnn" (e.g. SMO64): Pumps were shutdown right immediately after open due to
potential eye-safety hazard.
The number "nnn" is calculated as the sum of the SMO Code Numbers, which correspond
to the APR Scenarios that have caused Pumps shutdown. The "first" encountered APR
Scenario that caused Pumps shutdown is reported by the APRStatus parameter (AS
Command).
Table A-2

APR shutdown cause

SMO Code No.

APR shutdown cause (Brief)

Fiber deterioration alarm

64

Drop in the short band power by more than 2 dB

"IBL" or "WBL": Forward mode only: Pumps were shutdown because C-Band power
detected on the PinBwd detector is less then the normal.
(0dBm when PinFwd 10dBm, or -5dBm otherwise). This happen when line-out fiber is
torn at a short distance from the amplifier. If "WBL" (Was IBL) appears then pumps were
reopened due to reestablished input power on the PinFwd detector.
"GEL": The recent requested Gain (GainSet parameter) is too high for the pumps to
achieve (with regard to the pumps' maximum allowed power and current and over the
connected line fiber), and it was not accepted. Instead, it was reverted (decreased) to the
previously used requested Gain. (AGC Mode only).
"NST": First ten seconds stabilizing of pumps after open.
"OK": No alarms detected. Raman amplifier operates properly.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
A-3
Issue 4 April 2010

Glossary
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

APR

Automatic Power Reduction


ASE

Amplified Spontaneous Emission


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CDRH

Center for Devices and Radiological Health


CW

Continuous wave: The constant optical output from an optical source when it is turned on, but not
modulated with a signal.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

DCF

Dispersion Compensating Fiber


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

EDFA

Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier


EOL

End of Life
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

FIT

Failure in Time
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

GUI

Graphical User Interface


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

IEC

International Electro-technical Commission

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
GL-1
Issue 4 April 2010

Glossary
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

IL

Insertion Loss
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

LOS

Loss of Signal
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

MTBF

Mean Time Between Failure


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

NF

Noise Figures
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OSC

Optical Supervisory Channel


OSNR

Optical Signal to Noise Ratio


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

PDG

Polarization Dependent Gain


PDL

Polarization Dependent Loss


PMD

Polarization Mode Dispersion


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

RMPM

Raman Pump Module


...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

SMF

Single Mode Fiber


SNMP

Small Network Management Protocol

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
Issue 4 April 2010

GL-2

Glossary
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TEC

Thermo-Electric Cooler

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
8DG60013 MAAA
GL-3
Issue 4 April 2010

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