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1.

0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 COMPANY FOR INDUSTRIAL PROGRAM
For this industrial training, YI DA Engineering Sdn. Bhd has been chosen as my internships
company and it is glad that YI DA Engineering Sdn. Bhd accepted me after requires.
All trainees in YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd are under supervision of Mr Teo Wei Kok who is
project manager of YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd.
The time table for intern in YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd is shown as below except Saturday
work from 8.30am-1.00pm and Sunday is holiday.
TIME

ACTIVITY

8.30am-12.30pm
12.30pm-1.30pm
1.30pm-5.30pm

Practical
Lunch break
Practical

1.2 BACKGROUND OF COMPANY

YI DA Engineering Sdn.Bhd. is an engineering company established by government under


the Company Act of Malaysia. The company provided engineering services on engineering
design, consultancy, manufacture, installation, commissioning, inspection& maintenance
work of palm oil mill. Therefore, this company is acted as integrated engineering provider
with a diversity services to meet customers' stringent requirements.
In early phase, YI DA Engineering Sdn. Bhd did not have its own factory. For further
development of company, YI DA Engineering Sdn. Bhd took over a factory with 0.5866
hectare on 8/7/2013 which under Hong Ta Constructuin Sdn. Bhd held at industry area
around Sri Gading. Hence, YI DA Engineering Sdn. Bhd able to fabricate and installed
machine in factory by its own and this make the company more advance and more toward the
vision of company which is to achieve due recognition as a leadership turnkey contractor in
the world of palm oil industry by providing technologically innovation designs and solutions.
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Besides that, the mission of company is to build their excellence engineering service in every
aspect of meet customers' stringent requirement.
There are four core values for YI DA Engineering Sdn. Bhd. The first core value is pursuit of
excellence. The company wants to provide higest professional, knowledge and technologies
in their work and achieve to be the best in everything they do. The second core value is
integrity where they strive for fairness in all their business and working relationship without
deviation. The third core value is in accountability where they fulfill their commitments and
take full responsibility for their customer. The last core values is citizenship where they
responsible to all governmental laws, safety requirement and welfare of public.
The picture below is some of the facilities in factory:
1. Crane

2. Milling machine

3. Drilling machine

4. Cutting machine

5. Roller machine

1.3 CHART ORGANIZATION


There are total 18 persons in YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd and they are two directors, project
manager, financial manger and others with respective position. The organization chart of YI
DA Engineering Sdn Bhd is as shown as below:

YI DA ENGINEERING SDN BHD

SALES & MARKETING


DIRECTOR

PROJECT MANAGER

FINANCIAL MANAGER

MR. TEO WEI KOK

MR. LOAI CHANG KENG

MR. TIU ENG KOK

IN HOUSE

ON SITE

PURCHASING
EXECUTIVE
MS TAN YU HUI

MECHANICAL
ENGINEER
MR. CHONG KOK TONG

PROJECT ENGINEER
MR. NG TONG
KWAN/MR.HUE LOY
SANG

ASSITANT ENGINEER
CIK NOREMI BT. MOHD
SHAHIMI

DRAUGHTSMAN

ACCOUNT EXECUTIVE
MS. TAN SOOK FANG

1.4 SERVICE PROVIDED BY COMPANY


YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd supplies a comprehensive range of products and systems for the
whole palm oil industry including sterilizers, boiler, conveyor, waste water treatment,
thresher, cyclone, digester and press machine, pressure vessel, ripple mill, mechanical winch,
biogas generation, bio-composting etc. The company also provide retro fitting, upgrading,
refurbishing and modernizing plant equipment. Furthermore, the company is also experience
for all kinds of plant systems, from small scale to large, from standalone equipment to
turnkey solutions. With the innovative integration concepts, they strive to maximize the oil
mill plant performance, while complying with environment regulations and obligations.
Normally YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd acts as main contractor which divide work and
commissioning to other sub contractor after successfully get a project. Most of the civil
foundation work mechanical and electrical work on site will be sub divide to sub contractor.
However, mechanical work such as fabrication and assembly operation will be done in Yi Da
Engineering Sdn Bhd own factory.
For every construction of palm oil mill, the first step is constructed of civil foundation
according section of palm oil mill. Then, build building and service platform. After that, all
mechanical components such as boiler, sterilizers, conveyor and others machine will be
install according to their own respective location. Then, piping system will be installed and
last the electrical component will be installed in these machines to execute control or supply
power to them.
The flow chart of a project to build a palm oil mill is shown as following:

1.5 PROJECT REFERENCE


I.

Project Title: Supply and Installation of Belt Press Machine for Sludge Dewatering
System at Kluang Oil Palm Processing Sdn. Bhd., Kluang.

Work Scope: Supply, fabricate and installation of Belt Press Machine, including all
piping, electrical system, pumps, civil foundation building structure and full complete
system.

d
II.

Project Title: Supply and Installation of 60mt/hr Boiler at Kluang Oil Palm Processing
Sdn. Bhd., Kluang.

Work Scope: Design and consultancy, building structure, civil foundation, mechanical
conveyors, and electrical system including boiler water treatment system.

III.

Project Title: Installation of New Elliot Steam Turbine at TH Plantation Pasir


Besar Oil Mill, Gemas.
Work Scope: Civil and mechanical piping work for complete installation of new
steam turbine.

IV.

Project Title: Reconstructing of Topaz Emas Oil Mill from 30mt/hr upgradeable to 60
mt.hr at Lot 1597, 40km, Jalan Taiping Bruas, Perak.

Work Scope: Turkey Contractor for entire construction including civil, mechanical,
electrical, testing and commissioning of sterilizing, threshing, depricarping, pressing,
clarification, kernel plant, boiler house, boiler water treatment, engine room till full
process run of palm oil mill.

V.

Project Title: Refurbishment Depricarping Station at Kilang Kelapa Sawit Bukit Pasir,
Muar.
Work Scope: Mechanical upgrading and refurbishment of Depricarping Station
including fibre cyclones and nut polishing drum.

VI.

Project Title: Construction of POME (Palm Oil Mill Effluent) system at Kluang Oil
Palm Processing Sdn Bhd., Kluang, Johor.
Work Scope: Construction work (Civil, Mechanical and Electrical work) for Palm Oil
Mill Effluent System, including the sludge tanks, aerobic ponds, anaerobic ponds,
piping work and complete POME system.

VII.

VIII.

Project Title: EFB Conveyor at Kluang Oil Palm Processing Sdn Bhd

Project Title: FFB Conveyor at Kluang Oil Processing Sdn Bhd

2.0 SCOPE OF TRAINING


Internship program is an important component for curriculum program for degree bachelor
offered by University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM).In this internship program
student will have chance to learn new things and enhance technique skill so that can adapt
themselves with working environment at future.
The scope of training of internship program in YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd includes:
1. Engineering drawing

The main engineering drawing software used in industry including YI DA


Engineering Sdn Bhd is AutoCAD. AutoCAD is used to draw 2D drawing for
mechanical component, electrical component and civil foundation. Besides that,
SOLIDWORK is also used during internship period to draw 3D drawing because it
is more convenient to use.

Besides that, intern able to explore to all kind of engineering drawings for civil,
mechanical and electrical diagram. Furthermore, intern able to apply knowledge of
AutoCAD learning form University to drawing work.

2. Engineering technique

During internship period some engineering techniques have been learned. For
example, unfold techniques for different type ducting has been learned. The types
of ducting are curve duct, square to round adapter, and tee pipe. The engineering
techniques used to unfold them are pipe segmentation method, 2d drawing method
for square round adapter and by used of SOLIDWORK.

3. Specification for engineering component

During internship period, some of the engineering components such as bolt,


sprocket and I beam have been drawing to add on drawing library of YI DA
Engineering Sdn Bhd. Furthermore, material list for common size of components
such as angle bar, flat bar, universal beam and others have been arrange according
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type of engineering components. In this process, intern got to know the normal
specification for each type of engineering material.

4. Finding information

Sometime the intern needs to help manager find information on certain product for
reference for manager to do their proposal.

5. Measurement and record dimension

During internship program in Yi Da Engineering Sdn Bhd, the interns have to


measure and record dimension of drawing subject such as thresher drum.
Afterward, the intern has to draw back the drawing subject in AutoCAD according
the record dimension.

6. Inspection and observation

Sometime, the intern has chance to inspect and observe the workers in company
install machine and fabricate mechanical components. For example, installation
works of conveyor system. Furthermore, the intern also able to inspect many
engineering product around the company.

7. Explore to some new software

Sometime, the intern has chance to explore to other softwares. For example, PLC
program which is a program to write and execute program for electrical component
in machine.

8. Design

Sometime, the intern has to design things. For example, design of curve roofing by
used of SOLIDWORK. Designing require artistic skills and some engineering
knowledge to make sure the design is safe and beautiful to look.

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9. Understanding on palm oil mill

During internship program, the intern will be had more understand and clearer
image on palm oil mill with constantly drawing on things related to it and go on
site palm oil mill.

10. Cleaning

Sometime intern require also to cleaning factory area with worker at every
Saturday. This day is standard day for cleaning factory and also a standard
operating procedure for every factory.

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3.0 CONTENT OF TRAINING


In the content of training, the main activity in the 10 weeks has been explained with aid of
illustration.
3.1 THRESHER DRUM

Thresher drum is a main component found in thresher station which separate oil palm fruit
brunches by rocking slam in a rotating drum to make the process of threshing the fruit of the
bunches of fruit that goes from the auto feeder was slammed with a round drum which
normally have (23 rpm) and with the help of a stripper which is on drums. Fruit will be lifted
and slammed so the fruit falls off from bunches. Through the grating drum, brondolan fall
onto the conveyor under threshers while empty jajangan pushed out by referring to the
horizontal plate bunch empty inclined conveyor next to a conveyor leading to the empty
bunch hopper.
3.1.1 MEASUREMENT DIMENSION OF THREHSER DRUM

First week, the intern has given a task to measure of thresher drum. There are two thresher
drum put in the factory of YI DA Engineering. Since, they are similar therefore only one of
the thresher drum have been measured. The dimension of the thresher drum has been
measured and record in a piece of paper.
The measurement tool used in this activity is measuring tape, vanier caliper and outside
caliper. Measuring tape is used to measure the certain length of thresher drum and vanier
caliper is used to measure the thickness of bar found in thresher drum. For outside caliper, it
used to determine the diameter of the shaft with semi-precision
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There are some of problems have faced in the activity:


1. Lack of knowledge on usage of measurement tool
2. Some part of thresher drum is hard to measured
3. The dirt on thresher drum affect the performance of activity
4. The environment is hot
3.1.2 DRAWING OF THREHSER DRUM

Later, the thresher drum is drawn in AutoCAD. The recorded dimension is used in drawing.
The front, side, and some detail is drawn according the sample given by supervisor. Since the
work is large, therefore it was divided into several parts among colleague. However, there are
some parts of dimension is modify according to the requirement which has given by
supervisor.

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3.2 P&ID FOR PALM OIL MILL


The term P&ID stated here is pipe and instrument diagram which is a plan view diagram
shows the process flow of palm oil mill from one machine to others with symbol. The
symbols in the P&ID normally represented the valve, joint, controller, mechanical flow meter,
recorder, pump and etc.
The example of P&ID symbols is show as below:

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3.2.1 Drawing of P&ID FOR PALM OIL MILL


At first week, 12 pieces of P&ID for difference section in palm oil mill have been given to
the intern to draw in AutoCAD. The 12 drawing title are list as below:
1. P&ID SYMBOL
2. P&ID FOR PRESSING STATION
3. P&ID FOR KERNEL RECOVERY STATION
4. P&ID FOR ENGINE ROOM
5. P&ID FOR GEN-SET
6. P&ID FOR BOILER WATER TREATMENT
7. P&ID FOR EFB OIL TANK
8. P&ID FOR SLUDGE PIT
9. P&ID FOR COMPRESS AIR
10. P&ID FOR CLARIFICATION STATION
11. P&ID FOR DECANTER SYSTEM
12. P&ID FOR RAW WATER TREATMENT
Furthermore, several schematic diagrams with pipe and instrument symbols are given to draw
in AutoCAD and there are:
1. BIOGAS SYSTEM SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
2. POME VAP SYSTEM SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
3. AEROBCI EFFLUENT TREATMENT AND POLISHING PLANT SCHEMATIC
DIAGRAM
4. STERILISER P&ID COMPLETE

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3.2.2 COMMON TYPE OF VALVE


During the process of drawing, the intern has meet different type of valve. However, the three
common types of valves found in market are:
1. Butterfly Valve

The figures above are the picture of butterfly valve and symbol of butterfly valve.
A butterfly valve is a valve which can be used for isolating or regulating flow. The
closing mechanism takes the form of a disk. Operation is similar to that of a ball valve,
which allows for quick shut off. Butterfly valves are generally favored because they
are lower in cost to other valve designs as well as being lighter in weight, meaning
less support is required. The disc is positioned in the center of the pipe, passing
through the disc is a rod connected to an actuator on the outside of the valve. Rotating
the actuator turns the disc either parallel or perpendicular to the flow. Unlike a ball
valve, the disc is always present within the flow, therefore a pressure drop is always
induced in the flow, regardless of valve position.

2. Ball Valve

The pictures above are picture of ball valve and its symbol. A ball valve is a form of
quarter-turn valve which uses a hollow, perforated and pivoting ball (called a
"floating ball") to control flow through it. It is open when the ball's hole is in line with
the flow and closed when it is pivoted 90-degrees by the valve handle. The handle lies

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flat in alignment with the flow when open, and is perpendicular to it when closed,
making for easy visual confirmation of the valve's status

3. Gate Valve

A gate valve, also known as a sluice valve, is a valve that opens by lifting a round or
rectangular gate/wedge out of the path of the fluid. The distinct feature of a gate valve is
the sealing surfaces between the gate and seats are planar, so gate valves are often used
when a straight-line flow of fluid and minimum restriction is desired. The gate faces can
form a wedge shape or they can be parallel. Gate valves are primarily used to permit or
prevent the flow of liquids, but typical gate valves shouldn't be used for regulating flow,
unless they are specifically designed for that purpose. Because of their ability to cut
through liquids, gate valves are often used in the petroleum industry. For extremely thick
fluids, a specialty valve often known as a knife valve is used to cut through the liquid. On
opening the gate valve, the flow path is enlarged in a highly nonlinear manner with
respect to percent of opening. This means that flow rate does not change evenly with stem
travel. Also, a partially open gate disk tends to vibrate from the fluid flow. Most of the
flow change occurs near shutoff with a relatively high fluid velocity causing disk and seat
wear and eventual leakage if used to regulate flow. Typical gate valves are designed to be
fully opened or closed. When fully open, the typical gate valve has no obstruction in the
flow path, resulting in very low friction loss.

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3.3 SPECIFICATION OF ENGINEERING PRODUCT


In engineering field, specification of engineering product is very import because most of the
products have their own specification according to standard or company itself. Therefore, the
designers have to take the specification of engineering product or component as consideration
to fulfill the requirement of design.
There are several tasks have done by the intern is related to specification of Engineering
product. The tasks are 2D-library add on and making of common size material list. For 2Dlibrary add on, the intern have been drawn several common size of engineering components
such as I-beam, sprocket and bolt. For common size of material list, the type of engineering
materials have been separated and then unit weight is shown for each type of engineering
materials with its specification and material. The purpose of doing this is to make the project
manager convenient to calculate the weight of material.
Furthermore, the handbook often refer by YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd is Yi Hock Handbook
Engineering Handbook where inside have specification for different type of engineering
product such as I beam, angle bar, flat bar and etc. Beside that other catalog also have been
refer such as catalog for sprocket.
Some of engineering products are shown below:
1. I-BEAM

An I-beam, also known as H-beam, W-beam (for "wide flange"), Universal Beam (UB),
Rolled Steel Joist (RSJ), or double-T (especially in Polish, Bulgarian, Spanish, Italian and
German), is a beam with an I- or H-shaped cross-section. The horizontal elements of the
"I" are known as flanges, while the vertical element is termed the "web". I-beams are
usually made of structural steel and are used in construction and civil engineering.

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The web resists shear forces, while the flanges resist most of the bending moment
experienced by the beam. Beam theory shows that the I-shaped section is a very efficient
form for carrying both bending and shear loads in the plane of the web. On the other hand,
the cross-section has a reduced capacity in the transverse direction, and is also inefficient
in carrying torsion, for which hollow structural sections are often preferred. The material
are mild steel and stainless steel.
2. BOLTS AND NUTS

For bolt and nut, there are two different systems which is metric system and inch system
for their dimensions. Metric system using SI unit however inch system using BG unit.
However, the standard used by YI DA Engineering is JIS 1008 Grade A and which is
hexagonal head bolt in both metric and inch system.
3. SPROCKET

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A sprocket or sprocket-wheel is a profiled wheel with teeth, cogs, or even sprocket that
mesh with a chain, track or other perforated or indented material. The name 'sprocket'
applies generally to any wheel upon which radial projections engage a chain passing over
it. It is distinguished from a gear in that sprockets are never meshed together directly, and
differs from a pulley in that sprockets have teeth and pulleys are smooth.
For sprocket, there are some important dimensions have follow there are chain pitch,
pitch circle diameter, bore diameter and number of teeth.
3.4 WELDING
By inspection around the factory we observed that the factory main activity is welding. Arc
welding and oxy-acetylene welding is the most used typed found in factory.

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3.5 UNFOLD TECHNIQUE


Unfold technique is the engineering technique learned in YI DA Engineering Sdn Bhd. The
unfold technique is important because we need to know the size and geometry of metal sheet
to cut before folded into required ducting shape. The accuracy is needed during this process
therefore the drawing methods have to be correct and accurate. The interns have learn
difference unfold techniques during the training there are pipe segmentation method, 2D
drawing method for square to round ducting and usage of unfold function of SOLIDWORKS.
There difference orientation of ducts or pipes connection, however in YI DA Engineering
Sdn. Bhd only consider on:
1. Unfold of 90 bend or elbow
2. Unfold of square to round duct
3. Unfold of segmented pipe tee
3.5.1 PIPE SEGMENTATION METHOD
The pipe segmentation method is used to unfold 90 bend or elbow. The fundamental
principle of segmentation method is numerical method to draw the shape of unfold for every
orientation of connection. During usage of pipe segmentation method the interns have
discovered the reason of every step pipe segmentation method. Before going any detail, the
steps of pipe segmentation have been shown:
1. Draw a view of the pipes that shows the angle of intersection.
2. Draw a circle under the vertical pipe and divide it into 16 equal spaces and number as
shown.
3. Extend vertical lines from the point where the lines drawn in #2 intersect the circle to
the angle of cut.
4. Obtain the circumference of the pipe by multiplying the diameter X 3.1415.
5. The length of this line will be that obtained in step 4.
6. Subdivide the line drawn into 16 equal segments and number the lines 1 to 9 then
back down to 1 as shown.
7. Intersect the numbers as show. (1 to 1, 2 to 2, 3 to 3 etc..)
8. Draw a line through these intersecting points as shown then cut out the template.
9. Wrap the pipe and mark and counterpunch.

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10. Cut with a torch keeping the tip pointed towards the imaginary intersection of the two
pipe centerlines.

The important key for this theory is the relative height of line for position 1 to 9 by taking the
position of height for 1 as origin. With these relative height a curve can be drawn by
connected all these point. However, the curve is just an approximate curve for further
accuracy more position might be used to the relative height of them.
However, to trace the relative height the vertical lines from each position of the bottom circle
to the line of cut is drawn, but by doing this we just can get the relative height therefore
another horizontal line is drawn to intersect the straight line beside with respective position.
The point of intersection can be used to drawn the shape of curved after unfold. However
only half of curved have been plot another half have to plot using the same way.
Therefore, by using this method any orientation of pipe with different cut of line can be
unfolded. The 90 bend or elbow and segmented pipe tee can used this method to draw
although the cut of line is different. For 90 bend or elbow, the cut of line is just a inclined
line. However for segmented pipe tee the cut of line is a curved line.
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3.5.2 2DRAWING METHOD FOR SQUARE TO ROUND DUCTING


Square to round ducting is a ducting with two ends with difference geometry shapes. There
are round and square as shown as below:

The step of drawing of unfold pattern for square to round is shown as below:

First step is to find all true lengths. The only way to able to see a true length line is
perpendicular to its plane. Develop a true length bar. Using the dividers or trammel points,
transfer from the top views points A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, B6 and B1.Draw a line from the
top of your True length bar (which must be the total height of the fitting) down to each
reference mark on the base of the true length bar

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Take the dimension A to A from the top view and draw a straight line. Set the dividers to
dimension A to B and draw a small arch as a reference point. Once the dividers are set, place
one end on A and make a reference mark as in Fig.1.

Set the dividers on points 6,5 in the top view and transfer this dimension to the
drawing as in Fig.2

Set the dividers to the A5 length from true length bar and make a reference mark that
intersects with 6,5 reference mark

Reset the dividers to the distance of 5,4 from the top view and transfer this to the
drawing.

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Continue what were doing in Fig.2 until all A6 through A1 lines transferred.

Determining line B1, B is half the distance from A to A and referenced this with an arch.
Transfer line B1 from the true length bar by setting the dividers to that distance and
transferring it by placing one end on point 1 and drawing an arch across the arch is labeled B.
The intersection of these two arch's becomes point B. Draw a line from point 1 down to point
B and draw another line from point A to point B 2 pieces required to make one fitting. One
last thing to do is to connect the points 1 through 6.

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3,5.3 SOLIDWORK
However, the quickest way to unfold these things is usage of SOLIDWORK. The picture
below shows picture of unfold for these things:
1. Unfold of elbow:

The picture above is unfolds of one segment of elbow, unfold of elbow has curved
line.
2. Unfold of pipe-tee

The picture above is unfolds of pipe-tee where the pipe head to another pipe is
unfolded which has almost similar shape as elbow.
3. Unfold of square to round duct

The picture above is unfold of square to round duct.

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3.6 PALM OIL MILL


Palm oil is extracted from fresh fruit bunches (FFB) by mechanical process, where a mill
commonly handles 60 to 100mt per hour of FFB. The modern palm oil mill of today is based
predominantly on concepts developed in the early 50s (Mongana Report). An average size
FFB weighs about 20-30kg and contains 1500-2000 fruits. The FFBs are harvested according
to harvesting cycles, and delivered to the mills on the same day. The quality of crude palm oil
is dependent on the care taken after harvesting, particularly on the handling of the FFBs.
A palm oil mill produces crude palm oil and kernels, as primary products and biomass as
secondary product. The capacity of mills varies between 60- 100 tons FFB/h. A typical mill
has many operation units as shown in Figure 2. This comprises of sterilization, stripping,
digestion and pressing, clarification, purification, drying and storage. For the kernel line,
there are steps such as nut/fibre separation, nut conditioning and cracking, cracked mixture
separation, and kernel drying, storage. The dried kernels are often sold to palm kernel
crushers for extraction of crude palm kernel oil. In some integrated plants, kernel crushing
facilities exist side by side at the same complex.
The flow chart shows the process of palm oil mills:

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3.6.1 DRAWING OF SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF PALM OIL MILL


In this internship training, the intern have been drawn a lot of schematic diagram of palm oil
mill. Therefore, in this process the intern able to learn more about the palm oil mill process
but continual drawing of them. The title of drawing had been mention in section 3.2.1.
3.7 POME VAP
Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is the waste water discharged from the sterilization process,
crude oil clarification process and cracked mixture separation process. POME produced huge
amount of methane gas from its anaerobic process and has 21 times Global Warming
Potential (GWP) compared to the other gasses. However it can be solved, if it can be utilized
as fuel for power generation and cogeneration. Notwithstanding the huge potential, existence
of proven technologies and availability of knowledge and incentives, biogas utilization is still
in a very early stage in Malaysia.
Wastewater treatment facility is amongst the most important component in the palm oil mill
system. This is because the facility is to treatment palm oil mill effluent (POME) that is being
generated in large volume during the production of crude palm oil (CPO). Due to the
chemical and physical properties of POME, the most efficient system used in the initial stage
of the wastewater plant is the anaerobic treatment. The current systems meet the requirement
of the palm oil mill operators to safely discharge the treated POME. However, the systems
release one of the green house gases (GHG), CH4 into the atmosphere as the by-products of
anaerobic digestion of POME.

However, YI DA Engineering companies are planning on using POME VAP instead of


original water treatment system. POME VAP is usage of heat exchanger plate to drying and
concentrated the effluent to semi-solid or solid with little water content and final convert to
animal food by adding fiber on it. This will make the place for water treatment smaller and
the cost will be cheaper.
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The flow diagram below is the schematic diagram of POME VAP:

3.7.1 Helping of doing proposal


The interns have chance to helping the project manager doing proposal for POME VAP. The
interns have helps the project manager finding information on POME VAP about the
maintenance of heat exchanger plate for Alfa Lava.
Some of the pictures about POME VAP have shown as below:
1. Type of heat exchanger:AlfaCond 600

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2. POME VAP SYSTEM

3.8 INSPECTION ON INSTALLATION OF CONVEYOR


During the internship program, the company has manufacture conveyor for Ash submerged.
The pictures below are taken during assembly operation of conveyor:
1. Sprocket for conveyor

2. Conveyor body

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3. Front view of conveyor system

4. Transmission system of conveyor

5. Tensioning system of conveyor

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3.9 MEASURE DIMENSION OF COMPOSER PLANT


During the internship period, the interns also have chance to visit palm oil mill at Kluang.
The purpose of visit is to go measure dimension of composer plant then come back to office
to draw the plan view for it then put the plan view picture to fit the location in existing palm
oil mill plan to update and renew information.
In measuring activity, two persons have been involved in measuring activity and one person
involve in recorded.
The dimension of distance between I-beam, width of drain, distance of drain from boundary
and distance of beam from one building to another have been recorded.
The figures below are activity of measure dimension of composer plant:
1. Composer plant

2. Measurement activity at composer plant

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3. Measurement on I-beam

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3.10 DESIGN PRODUCT


During the industrial training, the interns have given a task to design curved roofing on the
wall of 160ft long and 30 ft height. There are several design have been proposed and some of
the design are shown as below:
1. For first design, the roof is design as two half eclipses.

2. For second design, the roof is design as curved like shaped

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3. For third design ,the roof is design as mountain shaped

From this design task, the intern have learned about for a design project is not no sufficient to
just fulfill physical requirement but the requirement of customer also have to take as
consideration because their comment is the most important part to make a design project
successful.

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3.11 SUMMARY OF CONTENT OF TRAINING


WEEKS

DATE

29/6-4/7

5/7-11/7

13/7-16/7

ACTIVITY
Drawing project:
1. Thresher drum
2. P&ID Symbol
3. P&ID for difference palm oil mill system
Raw material list-Common size
Description-Unit weight cost
Drawing project:
1. I-beam, bolt and sprocket library
2. 3D-Circular staircase ,3D-circular
handrail
3. Adapter-square to round
4. Unfold elbow
5. Unfold hopper from 3D to 2D
6. Steriliser P&ID complete

Unfold pipe-tee
PLC program
Pipe segmentation method

Unfold square to round adapter by using


2D drawing method
Drawing schematic flow diagram of palm
oil mill and mass balance chart
Convert electrical diagram from PDF to
AutoCAD
Reading on book about ASME Standard
for welding on pressure vessel and piping
Finding information on maintenance of
plate heat exchanger

20/7-25/7

27/7-1/8

Drawing schematic diagram for:


a. Biogas system
b. POME VAP
Find information on boiler component:
a. Yokogawa Pneumatic Controller
b. Bias relay
c. Differential Pressure Transmitter
d. Draught pressure gauge
Drawing nut polishing drum idler in
AutoCAD.

37

LOCATION

OFFICE

OFFICE

OFFICE

OFFICE

OFFICE

3/8-8/8

Adding information on material common


list
Drawing Aerobic Effluent Treatment and
polishing plant schematic diagram

OFFICE

Designed a curved roofing

OFFICE

Measure significant dimension on


compost plant at palm oil mill factory

Designed a curved roofing

Inspection on conveyor body


manufacturing

Drawing of some important detail part of


machinery of palm oil mill.

OFFICE

Drawing of some important detail part of


machinery of palm oil mill

OFFICE

8/10-14/10

17/8-22/8

24/8-29/8

10

1/9-5/9

38

PALM OIL
MILL AT
KLUANG

OFFICE

4.0 RECOMMENDATION
4.1 RECOMMENDATION FOR THE COMPANY
After 10 weeks of industrial training, some of the problems exist in the company have been
observed. There are some of recommendations have been given as below:
1. Using 3D software such as SOLIDWORKS.

Since, the company used AutoCAD as their drawing software. Therefore, the
company is suggested to use 3D software such as SOLIDWORKS. The reason why
SOLIDWORKS is recommended because it is more convenient to use compare to
AutoCAD to draw 3D drawing. The SOLIDWORKS has difference drawing
characteristic with AutoCAD due to SOLIDWORKS is dimension driven which mean
the drawing can be change by input dimension. It is slight difference compare to
AutoCAD which need to input dimension first before drawing. In other word, the
drawing in SOLIDWORKS can be modify but AutoCAD cannot and have to redraw
if meet mistake. Furthermore, the SOLIDWORK can used to stimulate and analysis of
product but the AutoCAD cannot. So, by using SOLIDWORK will enhance the
efficiency of company.

2. Using machine with higher precision.

After several inspections on factory, the equipment of cutting metal sheet is manual
cutting machine which mean the motion of cutting machine is control by hand. The
several disadvantages usage of this kind of equipment first vibration of cutting
machine will cause health problem of workers such as hand shake and reduce of
accuracy. Therefore, company may be could buy in some automation cutting machine
so that the worker can cut metal under safety environment and high accuracy.

3. Hire safety officer.


After observed the organization chart, the organization didnt hire safety officer.
However there is important to have a safety officer to guide the worker so that the
worker would work under safety environment. There are several situations I saw the
worker are unsafe while working. For example, the wrong standing position of worker
39

while lift up heavy things. This happen because dont have proper working procedure
hence safety officer is required to do hazard management in factory to make sure all
the workers are work under safety environment.
4.2 RECOMMENDATION FOR FALCULTY
The recommendation for falculty of mechanical and manufacturing engineering (FKMP) is
supervisor from FKMP should visit the trainees twice during the industrial training.
Supervisor from faculty should visit the trainee once in the first two weeks of their training to
make sure they are properly having their industrial training and once in the last two weeks to
evaluate their performance.
4.3 RECOMMENDATION FOR TRAINING SCOPE
There are some recommendation is given for training scope as shown as below:
1. Given students chance to go on-site if the company has this kind of opportunity.

As a mechanical student, they required many practical and contact to real life machine
instead of merely obtain knowledge in book. Therefore, go on-site is the best choice
to learn new thing and related what they seen to theory obtain from book. For
example, when installation of machine in factory student can observe and learn how
the workers install them.
2. Given project based task.

Furthermore, the LI supervisor may be can gave the interns a project base work to do
so that the interns can learn more thing and faster to adapt to environment by
cooperate with profession in engineering field.

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5.0 CONCLUSION
As a conclusion, through this internship training program which offered by University of Tun
Hussein Onn Malaysia the intern have chance to explore to engineering working environment
for enhance professional skill and interpersonal skill as a professional in Yi Da Engineering
Sdn Bhd. The intern also have chance to communicate and cooperate with profession from
engineering field. Furthermore, the intern is also gain working experience from YI Da
Engineering.
In this internship program, the interns have given different task which required creativity,
technical skill, interpersonal skill and communication skill. Therefore, in this period the
intern has to connect work experience with knowledge learn from IPT by applied theory and
academic knowledge on work. Besides that, the intern also forced to enhance soft skill and
communication skill because without all these skill the interns would not survive in future
engineering works. Furthermore, the intern can obtain some experience and knowledge for
benefit of chooses work after graduate.
At last, the intern also learned a lot in YI DA engineering and have chance to explore in palm
oil mill industry. However, there are still have a lot of things need to learn because the intern
just have two month duration to go through the intern life.

41