Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

MathFluencyStrategiesSummary

K2

Strategy

Explanation

Example

CountingAll/On

PreKtoKindergartenlevelthat
involvescountingeachitem.
Thenextstepisstartingwiththe
largernumber,thencountingon

5+2...1,2,3,4,5,and6,7

6+3...6,and7,8,9
6+3=9

Making10

Two
(thenumbersbeing
Learningthecombinationsthat
make10(1+9,8+2,6+4,7+3).

7+5+3
(7+3)+5
10+5=15
7+3equals10so10+5equals15

Doubles/NearDoubles

Doublesarefactsthathavethe
sametwo
(thenumbers
Neardoublesarefactsthat

Doubles:1+1,2+2,5+5,etc.

Neardoubles:9+8,5+6,7+6,4+5

toalandmark/friendlynumber,
numbersyouused.

Removal(subtraction)

Landmark/
FriendlyNumbers

Breakinguptheamountthats
takenawaysothattheonesare
thesameasthefirstnumberso
thatyoucaneasilysubtractthem.
Removethe
subtrahend
(part
beingsubtracted)inpartsthatare
thesameasthedigitinthe
minuend
(isthelargernumberthat
isbeingtakenawayfrom).

(22istheminuend,8isthesubtrahend)

228
thinkof8as2+6
so222=20then206=14

(41istheminuend,4isthesubtrahend)

414
thinkof4as1+3
so411=40then403=37

Landmarkorfriendlynumbersare
numbersthatareeasytousein
mentalcomputation.

Breakingeachnumberintoits
placevalue

Involvesbreakingupmultidigit
numbersintotheirplacevalue
quickly.

Compensation

Involvesdecidingwhichnumberto
changingtheothernumber.

keepingonenumberwholeand
thenbreakingaparttheonesinto
friendlycombinations.

thinkof52+40=92,
the39atthestart
so52+401=91

Forsubtraction:3518,
the2thatisthedifference
betweenthe18andthe20,
so3518+2=17

MathFluencyStrategiesSummary
35

Strategy

Explanation

Example

Landmark/
FriendlyNumbers
(Multiplication)

Landmarkorfriendlynumbersare
numbersthatareeasytousein
mentalcomputation.

9x25
10x25=250
25025=225
(Yousubtract25becauseyouonly
need9groupsof25,not10groups
of25.)

PartialProduct

Thefactorsinamultiplication
problemcanbebrokenapartinto
(thenumbersbeing
smallerproblemstosolvemore
difficultones.

9x15=
9x(10+5)
9x10=90
9x5=45
90+45=135

DoublingandHalving

Inthisstrategystudentsdouble
one
factor
(numberbeing
multiplied)andhalftheother
factor,restructuringtheproblem
sothatitiseasiertosolve.

8x25

2x2

4x50

2x2

2x100=200

BreakingFactorsintoSmall
Factors

The
associativeproperty
(youcan
numbersaregrouped)isatthe
coreofthisstrategy.

12x25
(4x25)+(4x25)+(4x25)
100+100+100=300

RepeatedSubtraction

Startwiththe
dividend
(thewhole
beingdividedup)andsubtractthe

305

305=25
255=20
205=15
155=10
105=5
55=0
yousubtract5sixtimesso305=6

Sharing/DealingOut

Thestudentsknowsthewholeand
howmanygroups,butthestudents
doesnotknowhowmanywillgoin
eachgroup.Thestudentdealsout
intoeachgroup,untilthewholeis
alldividedup.

MultiplyingUp

multiplythe
divisor
(thenumber
doingthedividing)

withfriendly
numbersuntiltheyreachthe
dividend
(thewholebeingdivided
up).

PartialQuotients

Inpartialquotientsdivision,ittakes
severalstepstofindthe
quotient
.
Ateachstep,thestudentfindsa
(calledapartial
quotient);thenthestudentfinds
the
product
(solutiontoa
multiplicationproblem)ofthe
partialquotientand
divisor
(the
numberdoingthedividing)and
subtractsitfromthedividend.

partialquotientstofindthefinal
Demonstratesusingfriendly10sand2s
quotient.

tosolvetheproblem.Asthe10sand2s
arerecordedtothesideoftheproblem,
theyrepresent10x16and2x16.

ProportionalReasoning

Dividingthe
dividend
andthe
divisor
bythesameamountto
createasimplerproblem.Ifthe
dividendanddivisorsharecommon
factors,thentheproblemcanbe
simplified.

stoppingatanystepyouwillstillgetthe

Нижнее меню

Получите наши бесплатные приложения

Авторское право © 2021 Scribd Inc.