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Chapter 1 Analysis of Stress

1.1.

P = 4.27 kN

1.4.

P = 32.5 kN, = 26.56

1.6.

Pall = 38.3 kN

1.8.

x = 156 MPa, xy = 131 MPa

1.10.

x = 13.15 MPa, xy = 15.67 MPa

1.11.

F = 67.32 kN/m3

1.14.

Fx = Fy = Fz = 0

1.21.
a. = 153.3 MPa,
b. = 23.1 MPa

1.26.
a. 1 = 121 MPa, = 71 MPa, max = 96 MPa
b. 1 = 200 MPa, 2 = 50 MPa, max = 125 MPa

1.31.
a. x = 38.68 MPa, y = 12.12 MPa, xy = 7 MPa
b. 1 = 40.41 MPa, 2 = 10.39 MPa,
1.34.

P = 3pr 2

1.37.

max = 48 MPa, p = 29

1.38.

w = 61.5 MPa, w = 26.3 MPa

1.42.
a. = 0.237o , = 0.347o
b. 1 = 3.732o, 2 = 0.268o ,
1.44.

1 = 2 = 51.96 MPa,

1.46.

1 = 46.17 MPa, 2 = 13.83 MPa,

1.49.
a. x = 100 MPa, xy = 30 MPa
b. 1 = 110 MPa,
1.53.

P = 1069 kN, p = 467 kPa

1.55.
a. x = 186 MPa,
b. 1 = 188 MPa, max = 101 MPa,
1.58.

p = 494 kPa

1.62.

1 = 66.06 MPa, l1 = 0.956, m1 = 0.169, n1 = 0.242

1.64.

1 = 24.747 MPa, 2 = 8.48 MPa, 3 = 2.773 MPa, l1 = 0.647, m1 = 0.396, n1 = 0.652

1.69.
a. 1 = 12.049 MPa, 2 = 1.521 MPa, 3 = 4.528 MPa, l1 = 0.618, m 1 =

0.533, n1 = 0.577

1.73.

= 52.25 MPa, = 36.56 MPa

1.75.
a. 13 = 8.288 MPa, 12 = 6.785 MPa, 23 = 1.503 MPa
1.79.

oct = 12 MPa, oct = 9.31 MPa

1.82.
a. 1 = 108.3 MPa, 2 = 51.7 MPa, 3 = 50 MPa,
1.85.

= 12.39 MPa, = 26.2 MPa, px = 16.81 MPa, py = 3.88 MPa, pz = 23.30 MPa

Chapter 2 Strain and Material Properties


2.4.

c 0 = 2a0, c 1 = 2(a1 + b0)

2.9.
a. x = 667 , y = 750 , xy = 1250
b. 1 = 1335 , 2 = 82 ,
2.11.

1 = 758 , 2 = 808 ,

2.13.

QB = 0.008 mm, AC = 0.016 mm

2.15.
a. max = 200 , s = 45
b. x = 350 , y = 250 , xy = 173
2.17.

1 = 59 , 2 = 1141 ,

2.21.
a. J1 = 3 104, J2 = 44 108, J3 = 58 1012
b. x = 385
c. 1 = 598 , 2 = 126 , 3 = 772
d. max = 1370

2.28.
a. L = 5.98 mm,
b. d = 0.014 mm

2.33.
a. 1 = 1222 , 2 = 58
b. max = 1164 ,
c. (max)t = 1222
2.36.

BD = 0.283/E m

2.39.

x = 522 , y = 678 , xy = 1873

2.41.

x = 72 MPa, y = 88 MPa, z = 40 MPa, xy = 16 MPa, yz = 64 MPa, xz = 0

2.46.

(b) V = 2250 mm3

2.48.

3: 2: 1 = 1 : 1.086:1.171, 1 = 139.947 MPa, 2 = 129.757 MPa, 3 = 119.513


MPa

2.52.

x = (a x)/E, y = v x, x = (a x), xy = xy = y = 0. Yes.

2.55.

U1 = P2L/2EA, U2 = 5U1/8, U3 = 5U1/12

2.61.
a. U = 60.981T2 a/d4 G,
b. U = 2.831 kN m

2.67.
2.69.

Uov = 3.258 kPa, Uod = 38.01 kPa

Chapter 3 Problems in Elasticity


3.1.
(b)

3.2.

3.14.

All c onditions, exc ept on edge x = L, are satisfied.

3.16.

3.19.

Yes, 1 = 32.8 ,

3.20.

x = y = ET 1/(v 1), z = 2vT 1/(1 v) + T 1

3.24.

Px = 161.3 kN

3.31.
a. ( x)elast. = P/0.512L, ( x)elem. = P/0.536L
b. ( x)elast. = P/1.48L, ( x)elem. = P/3.464L
3.33.
a. ()elast. = 19.43F/L, ( x)elem. = 20.89F/L

(xy)elast. = 5.21F/L, (xy)elem. = 2.8F/L

3.38.

r = 6.67 mm, d = 26.7 mm

3.42.

T = 153.5 N m

3.47.
a. 1 = 36.5 MPa,
b. max = 16.96 MPa,

c. oct = 11.3 MPa, oct = 17.85 MPa


3.49.
a. c = 1233 MPa,
b. c = 1959 MPa
3.51.

c = 418 MPa, b = 0.038 mm

3.53.

a = 2.994 mm, b = 1.605 mm, c = 505.2 MPa

3.58.

c = 1014.7 MPa

Chapter 4 Failure Criteria


4.1.

Pall = 707 kN

4.3.
a. Yes,
b. No

4.6.
a. yp = 152.6 MPa,
b. yp = 134.9 MPa
4.8.

t = 8.45 mm

4.9.
a. d = 27.95 mm,
b. d = 36.8 mm

4.11.
a. T = 31.74 kN m,
b. T = 26.05 kN m

4.14.
a. R = 932 N,
b. R = 959 N

4.16.
a. p = 6.466 MPa,
b. p = 5.6 MPa

4.22.

(b) 1 = 75 MPa, 2 = 300 MPa

4.25.
a. = u /2,
b.

4.30.

t = 9.27 mm

4.36.

p = 11.11 MPa

4.39.

t = 0.973 mm

4.43.

Pmax = 18.7 kN

4.46.

max = 274.3 MPa, max = 4.76

Chapter 5 Bending of Beams


5.4.

Mo = 266.8 N m

5.6.
a. P = 3.6 kN,
b. P = 3.36 kN

5.9.
a. = 12.17,
b. A = 136.5 MPa
5.10.

(b) x = px3/Lth2,
(c) ( x )elast. = 0.998( x )elem.

5.13.

p = 3.88 kN/m

5.14.

P = 9320 N

5.16.

(a) A = 35.3 MPa,


(b) B = 23.5 MPa
(b) r Z = 205.48 m

5.19.
a. max/ max = h/L,
b. pall = 10.34 kN/m
5.20.

P = 15.6 kN

5.24.

e = 4R/

5.28.

R = 13pL/32

5.30.

v = Mox2(x L)/4EIL, RB = 3Mo/2L

5.34.

P = 1.614 kN

5.35.
a. max = 177 MPa,

b. max = 176.2 MPa


5.45.
a. = 182.3P,
b. p = 215.65P/E m

Chapter 6 Torsion of Prismatic Bars


6.2.

D = 60.9 mm

6.6.

( max )B = 130.4 MPa

6.13.

T = 1.571 kN m

6.14.
a. e > c;
b. Te > Tc

6.16.

T = 256.5 kN m

6.18.

k = G/2a2(b 1)

6.21.

A = aT /2r 4G, B = 2A

6.23.

6.26.

max = 76.8 MPa, = 0.192 rad/m

6.32.
a. C = 2.1 107G, max = 112,860T
6.33.

= 0.1617 rad/m

6.35.

= 2T /9Ga3t

6.37.

max = 5.279 MPa, = 0.0131 rad/m

6.39.

2 = 4 = max = 50.88 MPa, = 0.01914 rad/m

Chapter 7 Numerical Methods


7.3.

B = 0.0107G

7.6.

v(L) = 7PL3/32EI

7.10.

vmax = 0.01852pL3/EI

7.12.

vB = Pa3/16EI, A = Pa2/16EI

7.14.

vmax = 1.68182ph4/EI, max = 0.02131pL3/EI

7.15.

RA = RB = P/2, M = PL/8

7.18.

(b) u2 = 2PL/11AE, u3 = 3PL/11AE


(c) R1 = 2P/11, R4 = 9P/11

7.19.

(b) u2 = PL/9AE, u3 = PL/18AE


(c) R1 = 2P/3, R4 = P/3

7.24.

(c) u2 = 0.9 mm, v2 = 3.02 mm


(d) R1x = 4.5 kN, R1y = 6 kN, R3y = 4.5 kN
(e) F 12 = 7.5 kN, F 23 = 36 kN

7.27.

v2 = 5pL4/384EI

7.29.

v2 = 5pL3/48EI, 2 = PL2/8EI

7.32.

(c) v3 = 7PL3/12EI, 3 = 3PL2/4EI, 2 = PL2/4EI


(d) R1 = 3P/2, R2 = 5P/2, M1 = PL/2, M2 = PL

7.35.

(c) u2 = 1.0 mm, v2 = 3.9 mm


(d) R1x = 7.63 kN, R1y = 10.18 kN, R3x = 7.5 kN, R3y = 0

7.42.

{ x , y , xy }a = {66.46, 6.65, 92.12} MPa

Chapter 8 Axisymmetrically Loaded Members


8.2.

pi = 51.2 MPa

8.3.

a.
b. rx = 27.12 mm
8.5.
a. pi = 1.6po,
b. pi = 1.16po
8.7.

t = 0.59 m

8.11.
a. t = 0.825di,
b. d = 0.0074 mm
8.13.
a.

b.

8.16.

T = 5.073 kN m

8.21.

ds = 0.230 m

8.23.

,max = 1.95EbEs(T 2 T 1)/(Es + 3Eb)105

8.26.
a. pi = 155.6 MPa,
b. pi = 179.3 MPa

8.30.

Shaft: = r = 49.4 MPa


Cylinder: ,max = 63.8 MPa, r,max = 49.4 MPa

8.32.

T = 101.79 N m

8.36.

= 36,726 rpm

8.40.
a. ,max = 108.68 MPa,
b. = 4300 rpm

8.44.
a. ,max = 554.6 MPa

Chapter 9 Beams on Elastic Foundations


9.1.

P = 51.18 kN

9.3.

9.5.

vmax = 3.375 mm, max = 103.02 MPa

9.6.

P = 41.7 kN

9.8.

max = 196.3 kN

9.11.

9.14.

v = MLf2(x)/22EI

9.16.
a. v = 10 mm;
b. vL = 15 mm, vR = 5 mm
9.17.

vC = 0.186 mm

9.18.

vC = 2.81 108 m, E = 5 107 rad

Chapter 10 Applications of Energy Methods


10.3.

vp = (11Pc 1a4/12E) + (7Pc 2a3/3E) + (Pa3/3EI2)

10.6.

A = 3PL3/16EI, A = 5PL2/16EI

10.9.

D = Fab2/8EI

10.11.

10.14.

D = 8.657WL/AE

10.17.

vc = pL4/96EI

10.18.

NBD = 0.826P, NAB = 0.131P, NBC = 0.22P

10.23.

RA = 3Mo/2L, RB = 3Mo/2L, MA = Mo/2

10.27.

RA = 4poL/10, MA = poL2/15, RB = poL/10

10.29.

10.32.

E = 41.5(P/AK)3

10.37.

NA = P/2, MA = PR/4

10.43.

v = Px2(3L x)/6EI

10.44.

v = Pc 2(L c )2/4EIL

Chapter 11 Stability of Columns


11.1.

F = 357.5 kN

11.3.

F all = 12.93 kN

11.5.

cr = 183.2 MPa

11.9.

L = 4.625 m

11.12.
a. 6.25%,
b. Pall = 17.99 kN
11.15.
a. cr = 34 MPa,
b. all = 35.25 MPa
11.17.

Le = L

11.19.
a. T = /2L,
b. T = (/2L) + (2I/4L2 A)

11.21.

Bar BC fails as a c olumn; Pcr = 1297 N

11.23.

cr = 59.46 MPa

11.31.
a. max = 93.71 MPa, vmax = 150.6 mm
11.33.

P = 0.892EI/L2

11.35.

Pcr = 12EI/L2

11.37.

Pcr = 9EI1/4L2

11.38.

11.43.

Pcr = 16EI1/L2

Chapter 12 Plastic Behavior of Materials


12.2.

= 42.68

12.5.

max = 3Mh/4I

12.7.
a. Pmax = 471 kN,
b. ( AB)p = 0, ( BC)p = 7.66 mm
12.9.

12.13.

P = 189.8 kN

M = 11ah2 yp/54

12.15.
a. Myp = 15.36 kN m, M = 21.12 kN m
12.18.

f = 1.7

12.19.

f = 1.4

12.22.

P = 46.18 kN

12.25.

Pu = 9Mu/2L

12.28.
a. Mu = 2Myp ,
b. Mu = 16b(b3 a3 )Myp /3(b4 a4)

12.36.

t o = 6.3 mm

12.41.
a. pu = 25.53 MPa,
b. pu = 29.48 MPa

Chapter 13 Plates and Shells


13.2.

max = 1250 , max = 274.7 MPa

13.4.

(b) w = Ma (x2 y2)/2D(1 v)

13.6.

(b) po = 12.05 kPa

13.8.

w = Mo(a2 r 2)/2D(1 + v), r,max = ,max = 6Mo/t 2

13.10.

n = 3.33

13.11.

13.12.

d = 3.85 mm, Mmax = 320 N

13.16.
a. t = 18.26 mm,
b. wmax = 0.336 mm

13.21.

p = 1.2 MPa

13.23.
a. t = 11.11 mm,
b. t = 15.6 mm,
c. t = 17.1 mm

13.29.

max = 2.48 MPa

13.30.

13.31.
13.34.

t = 0.791 mm