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ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

Author
FirstandLastName

JeffZimmerman

School/Organization

OurLadyofTepeyacHighSchool

Step1UnitOverview
UnitTitle

Unit3:CitingSources

Subject/Class
Name

ResearchMethods

Learner
Ages/Grades

th
10
grade

Semester/Year

Semester1,20132014

UnitSummary
Provideabriefsummaryoftheunit.Whatisthetopicandhowdoesitfitintotherestofthelearners
education?
rd
th
Thisisthe3
unitofa10
graderesearchcourse.Unit1introducedthecourseandtopicssuchasplagiarism,
academicintegrity,andplanning.Unit2trainedlearnersaboutdifferentsourcesofinformationandtoolsand
techniquestofindsourcesandjudgetheircredibility.Unit3isdesignedtogivelearnerstheprinciplesand
practicalfoundationsnecessarytocitesourcesinMLAformatreliablyandconsistently.Skillsdevelopedinthis
unitwillbeusedthroughouttherestoftheResearchMethodscourse.Studentswilldemonstrateasecure
knowledgeofwhenandwhycitationsarerequiredandhowtointegratethemintoaproject.

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

PreRequisiteSkills
Whatshouldthelearnerknowbeforebeginningthisunit?Includecontentknowledge,technologyskills,and
attitudesnecessarytosucceedwiththisunit.

ContentKnowledge
Planningaresearchproject:topic,focus,organization,backgroundreadingandkeywords
Themeaningandconsequencesofplagiarisminschoolandsociety
JudgingtheappropriatenessofsourcesfoundontheInternetandelsewhere
TechnologySkills
Wordprocessing:adjustmargins,font,textsize,andspacing
Usingvarioustoolstofindappropriatesources
GoogleSearch,Scholar,andBooks
ChicagoPublicLibraryAdvancedSearch
Crawlingthecitationsofarticlesandbooks
Attitudes
Integrityandintellectualhonesty
Attentiontodetail
Prideinone'swork
Desirefor,andconfidencetowards,academicsuccess

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

Standards/OrganizationorSource
Whatstandardsgovernthiscontent?Identifytheorganizational,professional,orstate/nationalstandardsthat
requirethiscontentbetaught.
IllinoisLearningStandards
5.A.4a.
Demonstrateaknowledgeofstrategiesneededtoprepareacredibleresearchreport(e.g.,
notes,planningsheets).
5.B..4b.
Usemultiplesourcesandmultipleformatsciteaccordingtostandardstylemanuals.
CommonCore
CCSS.ELALiteracy.W.910.8.
Gatherrelevantinformationfrommultipleauthoritativeprintand
digitalsources,usingadvancedsearcheseffectivelyassesstheusefulnessofeachsourceinanswering
theresearchquestionintegrateinformationintothetextselectivelytomaintaintheflowofideas,
avoidingplagiarismandfollowingastandardformatforcitation.
NETSS

3a.
Planstrategiestoguideinquiry.
3b.
Locate,organize,analyze,evaluate,synthesize,andethicallyuseinformationfromavarietyof
sourcesandmedia.
3c.
Evaluateandselectinformationsourcesanddigitaltoolsbasedontheappropriatenesstospecific
tasks.

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

LearningOutcomes(InstructionalObjectives)
Whatwilllearnersbecapableofaftercompletingthisunit?Remembertophraseobjectivesusingactiveverbs
andincludethelevelofproficiencyexpected(refertoR.F.Magers
PreparingInstructionalObjectives
).

Givenselectacademicorprofessionalorganizations,seekandfindofficialpolicydocumentsdetailing
acceptablecitationstyleforresearchworkpublishedontheirbehalfwithatleast75%success

Givenselectacademicorprofessionalscenarios,makereasonededucatedguessesaboutwhichcitation
styleismostappropriateforthetask(MLA,APA,Chicago),eachtime(100%)makingreferenceto
thatstyle'scontextandpurpose.

ComposeaWorksCitedpage,withouttheuseofonlinecitationgenerators,thatreliably(100%)meets
th
theexpectationsofMLA7
editionasdocumentedbythePurdueOnlineWritingLab.

Useacombinationoftools,includingthePurdueOWLandonlinecitationgenerators,tocomposea
WorksCitedpagewithoutinstructorassistanceandintroducingno(zero)computergeneratederrorsor
typosintothedocument.

Integratecitationsintoaresearchcompositionviaparentheticalcitationsforevery(100%of)
nonobviousorcontestablefactorquotation.

Composeparentheticalcitationsmeetingtherequirementsforavarietyofsourcetypesand
circumstances,includingall(100%)ofthefollowing:singular,multiple,ornoauthorsdocuments
withandwithoutnumberedpagesandrepeatedcitationofthesamesource.

CiteavarietyofsourcesaccordingtoMLAstandards,includingatleastfourofthefollowing:books,
journalarticles,Webdocuments,personalinterviews,photographsand/orvideos.

Produceacompleteresearchprojectthatisresearchdense(atleast4citedfactsperpage)andcredits
sourceswithparentheticalsandaWorksCitedwithatleast85%accuracy.

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

UnitTimeline
Provideabriefdescriptionofhowtheunitwillbebrokenintolessonsovertime.Whatisthesequenceof
events?

Unit3:Citations(Timeframe:4weeks.Majorassessment:ExpositorySpeechProject)
Module1:IntroductiontoMLA
Topic1:Backgroundinformation
Topic2:Whentouse(andnottouse)MLA
Topic3:AlternativestoMLAandtheircontexts
ProjectStageComplete:Planning
Module2:TheWorksCitedpage
Topic1:Formattingexpectations
Topic2:Writingacitation(andtypesofsources)
Topic3:Onlinecitationgenerators(usefulness,types,andpitfalls)
Minorassessment:Module1and2quiz
ProjectStageComplete:Sourcecollection
Module3:Parenthetical(orintext)citations
Topic1:Thebasicparentheticalcitation
Topic2:Exceptionstotherules
Topic3:Afootnoteonfootnotes
ProjectStageComplete:Roughdrafts
Module4:PuttingMLAintopractice
Topic1:Bookmarking,notetakingandorganizingsources
Topic2:Onlinetoolstoorganizesources
Topic3:Whenindoubt:thePurdueOnlineWritingLab
Minorassessment:Module3and4quiz
Projectpresentations

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

Step2UnitImplementation
LearnerInterview
The10gradestudentsIinterviewedwereambivalentabouttheprospectofanallonlinecourse.Theywere
intriguedbythenoveltyoftheidea.Onestudentsaidthatshecouldperhapsfocusonthecontentbetterwithout
thedistractionsofpeersinatraditionalclassroom.Theotherstudentexpressedtheoppositeconcernthatthe
presenceoftheInternetwithoutsupervisionwouldbeaconstanttemptationtodistraction.
BothstudentssaidthattheyusetheInternetmostoftenforsocialnetworkingpurposes.Onestudentalso
mentionedonlinemusicandgamesservices.Bothstudentsexpressedaconcernthattheymightnotbeableto
acquirethenecessaryguidanceforsuccessfulcompletionofprojects.
Fromtheseinterviews,Iinfertheextremeimportanceofprovidingsufficientsupports,guidance,andclarityof
objectivesforonlinelearners.Forthestudentwhowouldhaveadifficulttimeavoidingonlinedistractions(and
otherslikeher),Imightconsiderbeginningtheprogramwithlessonsintimemanagementstrategiesand
peersupportstructures.

DistanceEducationSetting/Rationale
IwillbeusingEdmodoforthedistanceeducationdeliverysystemforseveralreasons.First,itisthepreferred
onlineservicebymostofmycolleagues,whichwillmakejointprojectsandinterclasscommunicationeasier.
Second,thesoftwarehashigherproductionvalueandeaseofusethanMoodle,andunlikeBlackboard,itis
free.MostoftheprojectedlearnersforthiscoursewillbeveryfamiliarwithFacebook,andEdmodoisquite
similarinlook,feel,andinterface.
Forvideoconferencingpurposes,wewillbeusingAdobeConnect.Itisreasonablypriced(about$45/month
per100users)andoffersthegreatestflexibilityoffeaturesandcompatibility.

TechnologyHardware
(Clickboxesofallequipmentneeded.)

Computer(s)

VCR

ProjectionSystem

Printer

Video

35mmCamera

Camera/Web
Camera

DigitalCamera

Scanner

VideoConferencing

Television

DVDPlayer

Microphone

Other:

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

TechnologySoftware
(Clickboxesofallsoftwareneeded.)

MicrosoftWord

MicrosoftFront
KidPix
Page

MicrosoftExcel

Microsoft

Inspiration

InternetExplorer

Microsoft

Worldbook

PowerPoint

Online

Microsoft

LiveText

ELibrary

Blackboard/WebCT

Publisher

Other:GoogleDocsOfficeSuite

AdobeConnect
AccommodationOptions(addressingspecialneedsorissues)
IEP
(Individualized
Education
Program)
Students

IEPstudentswillneedtospendextendedtimewiththeinstructorover
AdobeConnect.Thesesessionscanbescheduledatthetimeof
synchronoussessions,andtheirobjectivewillbetoguidestudents
throughthebasicstagesofestablishingathesisstatement,findingand
judgingsources,andcreatinganoutline,amongothertasks.

Hearingimpaire
d

Mostoftherequiredcontentforthecoursewillbeavailableforreviewon
EdmodoandwithinsharedGoogledocuments,powerpointsandthe
interactivestudyguide.Synchronoussessionswillbeaccompaniedby
large,simplegraphics,andtranscriptsofsynchronoussessioncontent
willbemadeavailableafterthefact.

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

Step3UnitDesign,Module1:IntroductiontoMLA
Objective
and
Standard

Instructional
Strategy

Givenselect
academicor
professional
organizations,seek
andfindofficial
policydocuments
detailingacceptable
citationstylefor
researchwork
publishedontheir
behalfwithatleast
75%success.

Reviewof
reallifepolicy
documentsfrom
academicandother
organizationsto
establishnorms.

Givenselect
academicor
professional
scenarios,make
reasonededucated
guessesabout
whichcitationstyle
ismostappropriate
forthetask(MLA,
APA,Chicago),
eachtime(100%)
makingreferenceto
thatstyle'scontext
andpurpose.

Reviewof
reallifepolicy
documentsfrom
academicand
publishing
organizations.

UseofGoogle
andothersearch
enginestopry
policydocuments
fromacademicand
institutional
websites.

Lectureand
readingsonthe
historyandpurpose
ofMLA,APA,
Chicagoandother
citationstyles.

Technology
Requirements

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Standardscomplian
tWebbrowser

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Standardscomplian
tWebbrowser

Specific
Outcomes

Assessment
Technique

Iwillsee(read)
generallyaccurate
selectionsby
learnersofthe
designatedcitation
stylesofselected
universitiesand
institutions

Objective,
shortanswertest
question:Fora
universityofyour
choice,identifythe
universityandits
preferredcitation
styleaccordingto
itsofficialpolicy
documents.

Iwillsee(read)
learnerresponsesto
scenarioswith
reasoned
explanationsforhis
/heropinionabout
themostfitting
citationstyle.

Subjective,
shortessaytest
question,e.g.,
Whatcitationstyle
mightabook
publisherinOak
Brook,ILmandate
forpublishing
candidates?Why?

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

Step3UnitDesign,Module2:TheWorksCitedPage
Objective
and
Standard

Instructional
Strategy

ComposeaWorks
Citedpage,without
theuseofonline
citationgenerators,
thatreliably
(100%)meetsthe
expectationsof
MLA7theditionas
documentedbythe
PurdueOnline
WritingLab.

Findingsuitable
sourcesfora
researchproject
(requires
prerequisiteskills).

Useacombination
oftools,including
thePurdueOWL
andonlinecitation
generators,to
composeaWorks
Citedpagewithout
instructor
assistanceand
introducingno
(zero)
computergenerate
derrorsortypos
intothedocument.

Findingsuitable
sourcesfora
researchproject
(requires
prerequisiteskills).

Introductionto
PurdueOnline
WritingLabwith
navigationpractice
andasurveyor
resources.

Introductionto
mostpopularonline
citationgenerators,
andthemost
commonmistakes
intheuseofeach.

Technology
Requirements

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Standardscompliant
Webbrowser
Wordprocessor
(MicrosoftWord,
Libre/OpenOffice,
orGoogleDocs)

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Standardscompliant
Webbrowser
Wordprocessor
(MicrosoftWord,
Libre/OpenOffice,
orGoogleDocs)
Citationgenerator
(citationmachine.net
,bibme.org,or
easybib.com)

Specific
Outcomes

Assessment
Technique

Iwillsee(read)a
WorksCitedpage
thatexemplifies
most,ifnotallof
theguidelines
printedbyPurdue's
OWL.

Submissionofa
WorksCited
documentinan
acceptableformat
thatmeets
conditionsina
rubric.Extrapoints
lostforevidenceof
errorsfromuseof
anautomatic
generator
(following
directions).

Ifthere
are
mistakes,theywill
beartheearmarks
ofhumanerror
(e.g.,incorrect
punctuation)rather
thancomputer
error).
Iwillsee(read)a
WorksCitedpage
thatexemplifies
most,ifnotallof
theguidelines
printedbyPurdue's
OWL.
Ifthere
are
mistakes,theywill
beartheearmarks
ofmisuseof
automatic
generators(e.g.,
erroneousspaces,
datainthewrong
placebutwith
correct
punctuation).

Submissionofa
WorksCited
documentinan
acceptableformat
thatmeets
conditionsina
rubric.Extrapoints
lostforevidenceof
nonuseof
automatic
generators
(following
directions).

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

Step3UnitDesign,Module3:Parenthetical(InText)Citations
Objective
and
Standard

Instructional
Strategy

Technology
Requirements

Integratecitations
intoaresearch
compositionvia
parenthetical
citationsforevery
(100%of)
nonobviousor
contestablefactor
quotation.

Lesson/
powerpointonthe
principlesbehind
determiningwhich
statementsdemand
parenthetical
citations.

Compose
parenthetical
citationsmeeting
therequirements
foravarietyof
sourcetypesand
circumstances,
includingall
(100%)ofthe
following:singular,
multiple,orno
authorsdocuments
withandwithout
numberedpages
andrepeated
citationofthesame
source.

Lesson/
powerpointonthe
principlesbehind
determininghowa
parenthetical
citationshould
appearandwhat
dataitincludes.

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Reviewof
correctlycited
examplesand
identificationof
whichinformation
isincludedinthe
parentheticaland
why.

Wordprocessor
(MicrosoftWord,
Libre/OpenOffice,
orGoogleDocs)

Reviewof
correctlycited
examplesand
identificationof
whichstatements
arecitedandwhy.

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Standardscomplian
tWebbrowser
Wordprocessor
(MicrosoftWord,
Libre/OpenOffice,
orGoogleDocs)

Standardscomplian
tWebbrowser

Specific
Outcomes

Assessment
Technique

Iwillsee(read)
researchedoriginal
compositionsin
whichall
nonobvious
statementsand
quotationsreceive
somekindofa
parenthetical
citation(no
emphasisoncorrect
format).

Written
compositionof
researchedcontent
basedonsources
includedinprior
WorksCitedpages,
gradedaccordingto
arubric.

Iwillsee(read)
researchedoriginal
compositionsin
whichall
parenthetical
citationsmeettheir
contextual
requirements(e.g.,
existenceofpage
numbers,multiple
authors,noauthor,
etc.).

Written
compositionof
researchedcontent
basedonsources
includedinprior
WorksCitedpages,
gradedaccordingto
arubric.

ZimmermanInstructionalUnitPlan:CitingSources

Step3UnitDesign,Module4:PuttingMLAIntroPractice
Objective
and
Standard

Instructional
Strategy

Citeavarietyof
sourcesaccording
toMLAstandards,
includingatleast
fourofthe
following:books,
journalarticles,
Webdocuments,
personal
interviews,
photographsand/or
videos.

ReviewofPurdue
OWL'ssamplesof
MLAcitationsfor
differentsources.

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Identificationof
whatdifferent
citationshavein
commonvs.whatis
differentbetween
them.

Standardscomplian
tWebbrowser

Produceacomplete
researchproject
thatis
researchdense(at
least4citedfacts
perpage)and
creditssourceswith
parentheticalsanda
WorksCitedwith
atleast85%
accuracy.

Reviewof
principlesandsteps
identifiedwithin
thisunit.

Internet
connection
(broadband
preferred)

Technology
Requirements

Wordprocessor
(MicrosoftWord,
Libre/OpenOffice,
orGoogleDocs)

Standardscomplian
tWebbrowser
Wordprocessor
(MicrosoftWord,
Libre/OpenOffice,
orGoogleDocs)

Specific
Outcomes

Assessment
Technique

Iwillsee(read)a
WorksCitedpage
thatrespectsthe
differencesbetween
differenttypesof
sources,and
includes
sourcetypesthatI
hadnotpreviously
seenfromthat
learner.

Amended
compositionand
WorksCitedpage
thatreflectthe
additionof12new
sourcetypesand
gradedaccordingto
arubric.

Iwillsee(read)a
complete
compositionthat
consistentlycredits
nonobvious
statementswith
parenthetical
citationsthat
correspondto
correctlyformatted
citationsinthe
WorksCitedpage.

Finalcomposition
thatisgraded
accordingtoa
comprehensive
rubric,including
onecomponentthat
quantifiesthe
numberofcitable
statementswhether
theyarecorrectly
cited.