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. 2014. . 19.

ISSN 1998-4812

85



-

. . *, . .

, , 450076 . , . , 32.
.: +7 (347) 229 96 71.
E-mail: dubovikie@mail.ru
-
.
, , .
34 , 24. .
: , , ,
.


, .

,
,
,
[1].

[2].
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, ), , , , ( 850 ), 1000 .. ( 600 ) [3].
, ,
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[6] [7].
* ,

( )
[810]; [2]. Chlorococcales,
Chlorosarcinales Tetrasporales . .
[11].

.
: (Cupressus sempervirens),
(Feijoa sellowiana), (Araukaria heterophylla), (Cinnamomum
camphora), (Hibiscus rosasinensis),

(Gleditsia
triacanthos), (Ligustrum japonicum), (Ficus rubiginosa), (Ficus elastica), (Eucaliptus camaldulensis).

: ,
, ,
, (. 1)
( ),
(), ()
. 110 .


34
,
: Cyanoprokaryota
(47.1%) 16 Chroococcales,
Entophysalidales, Oscillatoriales, Nostocales,
Chlorophyta (47.1%) 16 3 Chlorococcales, Ulotrichales, Chlamydomonadales. ,
. Bacillariophyta Xanthophyta ( 2.9%) 1 ,
.

86

1

(Betula pendula), (Populus petrowskiana), (Tilia cordata),
(Salix alba), (Acer negundo), (Acer platanoides),
(Ulmus laevis), (Quercus robur)
(Picea engelmannii), (Larix sibirica), (Pinus sylvestris), (Larix czekanowskii)
(Crataegus volgensis), (Syringa vulgaris),
(Sambucus racemosa)
(Juglans mandshurica) (Catalpa spiniosa) (Thuja occidentalis) (Pseudotsuga menziesii) (Padus
maackii) . (Thuja occidentalis Aurea) . (Picea
glauca voss Conica) (Robinia pseudacacia) (Picea omorica) (Phellodendron amyrensa)


Xanthophyta ,
,
( , , ..).

Desmococcus vulgaris, Trentepohlia lagenifera
, . , Desmococcus vulgaris 74.6 1
[12].
, :
Mychonastes homosphaera, : Desmococcus vulgaris (95%),
Trentepohlia lagenifera (85%), Chlorella vulgaris
(80%), Chlorococcum infusionum (76%). Chlorophyta.
Cyanoprokaryota Gloeocapsa dermochroa (67%).
(32.4 % ),
(11.8%).

:
(11 )
(10) (10) (9) (9)
(7)

(6) (6), (6),


(4).
, [13, 14]. : Ch11C8P4CF4Ar3X2PF1B1. Ch, -,
, -, , , [6]. , ,
(. 3).

24 , Chlorophyta 12 (50 % ),
Cyanophyta 7 (29%),
anthophyta 3(13%),
Bacillariophyta 2 (8 %), . 2.


[2, 13, 15, 16].

, Chlorococcales,
Ulotrichales.

2
( , )

Cyanoprokaryota
1
1
3
3
7
3
12
4
16
7
Chlorophyta
1
1
3
3
7
6
14
8
16
12
Bacillariophyta
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
Xanthophyta
1
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
3

4
5
9
9
16
12
28
14
34
24

ISSN 1998-4812

. 2014. . 19. 1

87
3

(%)



9
4

26
37.5

30
17

6
4

29
37.5

Chlorococcaceae (5
), Oscillatoriaceae (3) Trentepohliaceae (3). :
Spirulina (3), Trentepohlia (3).
, Desmococcus vulgaris
, 100%. ,
, : Trebouxia
arboricola (84%), T. umbrina (56%), T. gobii (52%),
T. lagenifera (44%).
C 16 ,
(7),
(11 9 ).
, , (100%) ,
,
(
,
, ).
.


,
(
50%). . ,

. .

, ,
. ,
, . .

: Ch6Aer6hydr2X2CF22C2H2 , -

h- Aer.
,
,
(37.5 % ), 17 %.
( 4 %
).
,
,
,
[12, 17].
42
.

.

,

. ,
, Ch-, Aer-, C-.
, .

1.
2.

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

8.

9.
10.

: / . . . :
, 1989. . 608.
. .
// . .
2007. . 92. 4. . 469477.
URL: http://ufabotgarden.ru/
. ., . . . .: , 1976. 144 .
. ., . .
. .: , 1984. 149..
. ., . . . : - , 2001. 58 .
. ., . ., . . .
. : ,
1993. 288 .
Komrek J., Anagnostidis K. Modern approach to the claccification system of cyanophytes. 3. Oscillatoriales // Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 1988. Bd.80. 14. Algol. Stud. 5053. P.
327472.
Komrek J., Fott B. Chlorophyceae (Grnalgen). Ordnung:
Chlorococcales. // Stuttgard, 1983. Vol. 7. 3. 1044 p.
Komrek J., Anagnostidis K. Modern approach to the claccification system of cyanophytes. 4. Nostocales // Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 1989. Bd. 82. 3. Algol. Stud. 56. P. 327472.

88
11.

12.

13.

14.

. . (Chlorophyta: Tetrasporales, Chlorococcales, Chlorosarcinales). -.: , 1998. 315.


. . // : . 2005. 18. . 114119.
. . Betula
pendula // ;
. , 1997. C. 5960.
. .
// . 2002.
. 67. 1. C. 125132.

15.

16.

17.

. . Betula pendula
Tilia cordata. . 1998. 11. C. 140
145.
. . : : .
. ... . . . -, 2006. 19 .
. ., // : , ,
// 1 . .-. . (,
1315 2013 ). , . , 2013. C.
2628.

26.11.2013 .
26.03.2014 .

ISSN 1998-4812

. 2014. . 19. 1

89

DIVERSITY AND STRUCTURE OF CENOSES OF EPIPHYTIC ALGAE


IN OPEN GROUND AND GREENHOUSE
I. E. Dubovik*, M. Y. Sharipova
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Russia.
Phone: +7 (347) 229 96 71.
E-mail: dubovikie@mail.ru
The species composition of epiphytic algae were studied for the first time on the territory of the Botanical Garden-Institute, Ufa
Science Centre RAN in open ground and greenhouse. The taxonomic and ecological structure of algae cenoses are studied, species
with the highest occurrence: Mychonastes homosphaera, Desmococcus vulgaris, Trentepohlia lagenifera, Chlorella vulgaris,
Chlorococcum infusionum were identified. The 34 species and intraspecific taxa of algae with a predominance of Cyanoprokaryota
and Chlorophyta were identified on the back of trees in greenhouse, the 24 with a predominance of Chlorophyta in open ground.
The greatest diversity of algae in the greenhouse on the bark of Ficus elastica (11 species), and the lowest on the Gleditsia triacanthos (4) has been detected. In open ground the greatest diversity of species was found in the study group of deciduous trees 16 species and intraspecific taxa, the lowest on shrubs (7). Analysis of algae on ecobiomorphs and morphotypes was conducted. The
greatest diversity of species has a stable group of algae, representatives of Ch-, Aer-, C- forms well carrying various adverse conditions.
Keywords: epiphytic algae, greenhouse, biodiversity, botanical garden.
Published in Russian. Do not hesitate to contact us at bulletin_bsu@mail.ru if you need translation of the article.

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Received 26.11.2013.
Revised 26.03.2014.