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Design of Anaerobic fuel digester

EXPECTED LOAD

ELECTRICAL
LOAD
Lamp

NUM OF
UNITS
8

WATT PER
UNIT
60

OPERATING
HOURS
2 from 0 to 6 ,
5 from 19 to 24,
1 from 0-24
from 1-2

Washing
machine
Refrigerator
A/C
TV
Water pump
Computer

1
1
1
1
1

From
From
From
From
From

100
1200
150
80
50

12-14
13-15
19-24
14-17
22-24

250

AVERAGE DAILY LOAD DEMAND

The average daily load demand can be calculated from the


above figure, to be 9730Wh/day

Energy content per head =1158.3 BTU/hr


Energy needed equivalent to 10 kwh =34121 BTU/hr
Energy content
Number of heads

x
34121
1

1158.3
X=29.4 =30 cows

Designing an Anaerobic fuel digester to compensate the waste of 30 cows


with average waste is 50 kg/head per day and a volume of 0.05

m3 /day

50=1500 kg

Total daily weight produced by 30cows =30

3
Total daily volume produced by 30 cow =30 0.05=1 .5 m

Dry matter is assumed to be 15% =1500

Concentration of dry matter in slurry is 13 %

Total Weight of slurry=225/0.13 =1730 kg

Density of slurry is approximately 990 kg/ m

Total Volume of slurry = 1730 / 990 = 1.75

0.15

=225 kg

Assuming retention time of 14 days


m3

Tank Volume = 1.75 *14 = 24.5

Daily Loading rate of Volatile solids = 225* 0.85 = 191.25 kg

Daily loading rate= 191.25 / 24.5 = 7.8 kg/ m

Cost analysis
1) Tank
A tank of 2 m radius and 1.5m high would be sufficient to compensate a volume of
approximately 24.5 m

With an estimated cost of 1700LE for the bricks ,1500 LE for the concrete and 1500
LE for the labor giving a total of 4700 LE

2) Mixer
Electric motor,(mixer ) 1000LE

3) 6m3 Soft Biogas Bag Excellent Mini Food Waste Treatment Biogas Plant 2250 LE
(biogas storage bag ,desulfurizer ,dewater device ,biogas pump ,piping
connections )
4) High head centrifugal slurry pump 6375 LE

5) Natural gas generator 20000LE

Total cost =4700+1000+2250+6375+20000= 34325 LE