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Cassette Tape-Recorder

dWlsV Vsi-jsdWkMZj

ekk;k Open Cassette Tape-Recorder pas


gsa jaxhr Nk;kfp= vkgas- gk ,d vfHkuo mie
vkgas- ;akrhy fujfujkGh Electronic Circuits vusd
okkP;k lakks/kukuarj r;kj dsyh vkgsr- iakp gtkj
#i;akP;k eksBkk VsijsdWkMZje/;safg brdh pakxyh
;kstuk rqEgakl feG.kkj ukgh- vkk ;k egkxM;k Vsi
jsdWkMZje/;sa foukdkj.k Complicated Circuits dak
okijrkr vkf.k vkh xqarkxqarhph jpuk dak djrkr gsa
dksMsa eykrjh vtwu myxMysa ukgha- ;keqGsa Recording quality e/;sa dakgha foksk Qjd iMrks vlsfg
fnlr ukgh- ;klkBha v;k izdkjph xqarkxqarhph
fo|qr-eaMy ;kstuk eyk ekU; ukgh- vkrak ek>h
jpuk igky rj rh vfrk; ljG vkgs- rlsp
xq.koksarfg rh deh iMr ukgh gsa rqeP;k /;kuha
;sbZy- vkrak ek;k ;k jpuspha oSfkBksa lakxrks&

{1}

IC LA 3161 gk ,dp IC eh Play vkf.k


Recording ;k nksUgha dk;kZlkBha okijyk vkgs- ;kyk
Pre-amplifier Eg.krkr- Play P;k osGha vlysyh ;k
IC ph lfdZV vWlsCyh txtkghj vkgs- tkLr

fdaerhP;k eksBkk VsijsdWkMZje/;sa jsdWkfMxlkBha osxGk


IC okijyk tkrks- eyk vkh t#jh iMr ukghjsdWkfMxP;kosGha R/P Lohpe/kwu LA 3161 pas lfdZV
fM>kbZu eh iw.kZi.ksa cnyysa vkgsa- High Frequency ,
Bypass dj.kklkBha R;k fVusap eh LA 3161 ph
lfdZV vWlsaCyh cnywu fufpr dsyh vkgsEqualisation lkBha ek>h gh ;kstuk Qkj mi;q >kyh
vkgs- ;keqGsa Low vkf.k High Frequences lq;ksX;
Boost gksrkr vkf.k Distortion, Reduce gksrsa- ek;k
Recording System psa gsa ,d [kkl oSfkBk vkgsa{2} Main amplifier lkBha okijysY;k TDA 1010
IC P;k e/kY;k nksu fiuke/;sa ,d O . 1 mf pk
fljWfed vFkok iWkfyLVj diWflVj vlrks- ;keqGsap
;kp ,dk IC e/khy nksu Lora= foHkkxakrhy nksu
lfdZV~l tksM.kkjk rks ,d fczt vkgs( gk viwoZ kks/k
eyk ykxyk- ;kpk Advantage eh dk; ?ksryk
ekghr vkgs\ rks difyax diWflVj dk<wu R;k
eksdGkk >kysY;k nksu fiuake/;sa Bass Treble

lfdZVps Input vkf.k Output lekfoV dsys vkf.k


xaer vkh dha] ;kp IC 1010 e/;sa rks Bass Treble
csekywe clyk- pakxyh dWlsV Vkdyh vkf.k uqlR;k
IC pk Iuput gsMyk tksMyk rjh Bass Treble pk
bQsDV vxnh O;ofLFkr tk.korks- eyk gk ?kckM
ykHk >kyk R;keqGsa IC LA 3161 Pre-Amplifier laiw.kZ
eksdGk >kyk vkgs- jsdWkfMxP;kosGha R;akrhy
lfdZVP;k R;k R;k cnyklkBha vusdfo/k Alternets
eyk Bsork vkys- ;kfkok; Play vkf.k Recording
nksUghaosGha Bass Treble lfdZV dk;e jkgr
vlY;keqGsa Sharp Equalisation izkIr dj.kklkBha
eyk R;kpk Qkj mi;ksx >kyk vkgs-gkeksZfu;e o
rcyk ;akps rkjLoj vkf.k eUnzLoj lq;ksX; Boost
gks.kklkBha izR;{k ok|sa oktrkuk Recording P;k osGha
Earphon ykowu vkf.k Monitoring d:u Bass Treble
lfdZVe/;sa fizlsV}kjsa eyk gok rlk Sharpness
feGfork vkyk- Recording Quality e/;sa lq/kkj.kk
dj.kkl ;keqGsa eyk Qkj enr >kyh- gsa nqljsa
oSfkBk3 jsdWkfMx flXuYl [Recording Signals]
eWkfuVfjax d:u ,sdrakuk tjh O;ofLFkr vkf.k
lq;ksX; okVys rjh izR;{k /ofufQrhoj jsdWkfMx

gksrkuk dekyhps fMLVWkVZ gksrkr- R;k flXuYlpk


Amplitude vfrk; vfu;fer gksrks vkf.k R;keqGsa
jsdWkfMx Qkjp for gksrs vkf.k gsa vls rjh dak
gksrs rj Magnetic Recording e/;sap ewyr% gk nksk
vkgs- gk nksk ?kkyfo.kklkBha /ofufQrhoj izR;{k
jsdWkfMx gksrsosGha jsdWkfMx flXuyl~P;k Linearity ph
vfrk; vkokdrk vlrsa ;k dk;kZlkBha ;k
Signals e/;sa Ultrasonic Frequency Eg.kts Loukrhr
daiula[;k vWM djkoh ykxrs- lsdankyk 20 is{kk
deh vkf.k 20]000 is{kk tkLr fDosUlh ekuoh
dku xzg.k d:a kdr ukgh- 20]000 is{kkfg cjhp
tkLr Eg.kts Very high Frequency, Recording
Signals e/;sa vWM dsY;koj rs Lineare gksrkr- R;akps
Transfer
Characteristics
cnyrs vkf.k rs Vsi
jsdWkfMxlkBha lq;ksX; gksrkr- gh vWM djkoh ykx.kkjh
Ultrasonic Frequency r;kj dj.kklkBha ,dk Local
Oscilletor ph t#jh ykxrs- ;kyk Bias and Erase
Oscilletor Eg.krkr- eksBeksBkk VsijsdWkMZje/;sa ;klkBha
,d dWkbZy vkf.k nksu VWfU>LVlZuh ;q ,d lfdZV
vlrs- ;akrhy ;k VWfU>LVlZP;k tksMhyk Darlington
Eg.krkr- iWkf>fVOg vkf.k fuxsfVOg gkQ lk;dYl~
leku gks.kklkBha gh ;kstuk vlrs-eh ;k ;kstusyk
laiw.kZp QkVk fnyk vkgs- ;klkBha eh dsoG ,d IC 555
pair

okijyk vkgs- c;kpkk [kViVhuarj eh R;kph


lfdZV vWlsaCyh fofkB jsf>LVlZ vkf.k diWflVlZ
oki:u fufpr dsyh vkgs- R;keqGsa gk Square
Signal Generator ;k Lo:iakr dk;Z djrks- ;ke/;sa
Bias vkf.k Erase Frequency tkLr fLFkj feGrs- gs
AC Biasing vkf.k AC Erasing vkgs- gh i)r tkLr
kkL=kq) vkgs- AC Biasing pk kks/k teZuhus
ykoyk- AC eqGsa Distorshion vkf.k Noise gs nksk
tku jsdWkfMx mke gksrs- vkoktakr ojhy dlyhfg
fofr u ;srk rks eqGkcjgqdwe tlkP;krlk ;srks- gas
frljsa oSfkBk4 Recording Level Indicator lkBha Q ,dp
VWfU>LVj vkf.k ,dp L . E . D . [Light Emitting
Diode] okijyk vkgs- gsa pkSFks oSfkBk5 Automatic Level control gsa ,d lfdZV eh
v;ko;d ekuysa vkgsa- ;k loZ dusDkulkBha R/P
Lohp nksu okijkoh ykxyh vkgsr6
Condensor Microphone
rhu yhMpk
vf/kd Qualitative vlY;keqGsa rksp okijyk vkgs-

7 Play, Forword, Reverse, Pause, Stop,


Eject ;akuk ejkBh Hkkksar izfrkCn feGr ukghr;klkBha eh lar Hkkkspk vkJ; ?ksryk vkgs1]

iqj%lj laFkxfr vFkok fogkj mnkgj.kkFkZ&kCnfogkj] xkufogkj] Lojfogkj-

Play

2] Forword

-3]

Reverse

4] Pause

nzqrxfr vFkok iqj%lj nzqrxfr


nzqrkxfr nzqr vkxfr
vFkok ipkr nzqrxfrfojke

5] Stop

foJke

6] Eject

mPpyu

vls vk.k[khu cjsp dakgha vkgas( foLrkjHk;kLro


ys[ku vkojrs ?ksrys vkgs-

bfr ys[kulhek
vfou oAA 13 /ku=;ksnkh kds 1926-