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Hints for Tutorial 1

Q1.
In primary school, you have solved problems such as this
find the shaded area between the two concentric circles.

2
1

(a) Extend the same idea to 3-D for concentric spheres to find the volume of inner core, outer core
and mantle separately. Knowing the volume of each region and the respective densities, you can
work out the mass of each region, 1 , 2 and 3 . This allows us to compute the total mass and
the total volume of Earth V can be obtained by just using the radius of the Earth. From there the
average density of the entire Earth can be compute since
, () =

Note: try not to do any intermediate rounding off so that your answer is accurate as possible.
(b) % =

100%

Q2. Easy
Q3.

Ocean
= +

Note that =

Window

Cabin
=

The 8.0 cm thick window


can withstand forces up to
1.0 106

Q4. Easy, refer to lecture notes week 1 pg 12.


Q5. Fluid at same level => same pressure =
Q6.

1. Do a sketch of the forces acting on the man-balloon.


2. Let there be balloons and write an expression relating the total
upward and total downward forces.
You have to use Archimedes Principle to calculate upthrust on each
balloon.
(The upthrust on man will be very small compared to upthrust on the
balloons see diagram. So you can ignore the upthrust on man. But
if you also want to consider the upthrust acting on man, you can just
estimate the volume of man by using density of water (just an
estimate). Every 1kg corresponds to 1 litre or 1000 cm3.)
[Google to check out atmosphere on moon.]

Q7.

1. Do a sketch of the forces acting on the ice.


2. Write an expression relating the total upward and
total downward forces.
You will need to apply Archimedes' principle and the
definition of specific gravity.
[Consider a cylinder of seawater with a 1 cm3 of
pure ice and say the volume reading of the seawater
level is cm3. Calculate the new seawater level
when the pure ice melts.]

Q8. Deduce first the volume of crown using the two scale reading, Archimedes' principle and the
fact that density of water is 1000 kg/m3 . Once you deduce the volume of the crown, you can
deduce the density of the crown because you already known its mass. Compare the density of
crown with density of gold (assuming that the crown is solid - not hollow inside).
Q9. TA will discuss in class. Skip part (a) first.