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- 1

127

: -144 .
:

..

2015


, :
1) ;
;
;
4) ;
5) ;
6) I6,
7) .

2)
3)

127

1,

2,

3,

10

20

I)

R1,

R2,

R3,

R4,

R5,

R6,

R1=4, R2=3 , R3=3 , R4=8 , R5=8 , R6=8 , E1=10 B , E3=20 B.

n=4 () m=6()

N p Nq 1 NJ 6 4 1 0 3

N q 1 4 1 3

Np

- ,
.

Nq

NJ
- ,

:
a )-I1+I2+I4=0
b) -I2+I3+I6=0
c) I3-I4+I5=0
:
I2*R2+I3*R3-I4*R4=E3
I1*R1+I4*R4+I5*R5=E1
I1*R1+I2*R2+I6*R6=E1

I1 I 2 I 4 0
I I I 0
2
3
6

I 3 I 4 I 5 0

I 2 R 2 I 3 R3 I 4 R 4 E 3
I 1 R1 I 4 R4 I 5 R5 E1

I 2 R2 I 6 R6 I 1 R1 1
:

I1=1,275A ;

I4=-0,843A ;

I2=2,118A

I5=1,456A

I3=2,3A

I6=-0,182A;

2) . .

(R 1 R 5 R 4 ) I 11 R 1 I 22 R 5 I 33 1

R 1 I 11 (R 2 R 6 R 1 ) I 22 R 6 I 33 1
- R I - R I (R R R ) I
5 11
6 22
3
6
5
33
3

R11 I11 R12 I 22 R13 I 33 E11

R21I11 R22 I 22 R23 I 33 E22


R31I11 R32 I 22 R33 I 33 E33
R11, R22, R33 1, 2 3 (
, ); R12=R21
1 2 (
1 2 , R12 , R12
); R13=R31 1 3; R23=R32
2 3;
:
I1=I11-I22; I2=-I22; I3=-I33; I4=I11; I5=I11-I33; I6=-I22+I33
:

R11=R1+R2+R4; R22=R2+R1+R6; R33=R3+R6+R5


R12=R21=-R1; R13=R31=-R5; R23=R32=-R6
E11=E1 ; E22=0; E33=-E3;

I1=I11-I22=1.275A

I4=I11=-0.843A

I2=-I22=2.118 A

I5=I11-I33=1.456 A

I3=-I33=2.3A

I6=-I22+I33=-0.182 A

3) :

G11=(g1+g2+g4);

G12=G21=-g2; G13=G31=-g4

G22=(g2+g3+g6);

G23=G32=-g3; G33=(g4+g3+g5)

I11=-E1/R1;

I22=E3/R3;

I33=-E3/R3.

Fn- .

g.n

1
Rn

4) :

I1

1.274

1.274

1.274

I2

2.118

2.118

2.118

I3

2.3

2.3

2.3

I4

-0.843

-0.843

-0.843

I5

1.456

1.456

1.456

I6
-0.182
-0.182
-0.182
: , ,
,
.

5) :

P=P

6) I6,
:
:

I6 I6 = E/(R + R6)

1)
Udb
E = Udb

abcd I11 , adc I22.


:
Udb + I11R3 + (I11 I22)R5 = -E3

I11R11 + I22R12 = E11

I11R21 + I22R22 = E22


11 = -E1 E3 = -30 B; E22 = E1
R11 = R1 + R2 + R3 + R5
R22 = R1 + R4 + R5
R12 = R21 = -(R5 + R1)

E11
E
E22

R11 R12
Rm
R21 R22

Im Rm

Udb I11 R3 E3 R5 I11 I22

R
R . R
adc .

R :
R = Rd + (Ra + R2)(Rc + R3)/(Ra + R2 + Rc + R3)
R = 4,241
I6 = E/(R + R6) = -2,222/(4,241 + 8) = -0,182A

7) :
a = 0;
1 = a +E1 = 0 + 10 = 10 ;
d = 1 I1R1= 10-1.275*4 = 4.902 ;
c = d I5R5 = 4.902-1.456*8 =-6.747 ;
2 = c + 3 =-6.747+20=13.253 .
b = 2-I3R3=13.253-2.3*3=6.354B
a= b-I2R2=6.354-2.118*3=0B