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SL IB Chemistry

Relative Atomic Mass worksheet

Complete each of the problems below involving relative atomic mass.
All atomic masses are measured relative to the mass of the carbon-12 isotope.
1.

Boron has two common isotopes. Calculate the Relative atomic mass
10B, mass = 10.012939 amu; percent abundance = 19.91 %
11B, mass = 11.009305 amu; percent abundance = 80.09 %

2.

Magnesium consists of three isotopes. Calculate its relative atomic mass.

24Mg, mass = 23.9850 amu; percent abundance = 78.99 %
25Mg, mass = 24.9858 amu; percent abundance = 10.00 %
26Mg, mass = 25.9826 amu; percent abundance = 11.01 %

3.

Argon consists of three isotopes.

Mass number = 36, relative abundance 0.337%
Mass number = 38, relative abundance 0.0630%
Mass number = 40, relative abundance 99.6%
Calculate the relative mass of argon.

4.

Antimony consists of two isotopes. The antimony-121 isotope

has an abundance of 57.35%. The other isotope is antimony-123.
Calculate the relative atomic mass of antimony.

5.

Bromine consists of two isotopes. The 79Br isotope has a mass

of 78.918336 amu and an abundance of 50.69%. The 81Br isotope has a mass
of 80.916289 amu. Calculate the relative atomic mass of bromine.

6.

Gallium (relative atomic mass = 69.723amu) has two naturally occurring isotopes, 69Ga and 71Ga,
with masses of 68.9257 amu and 70.9249 amu, respectively. Calculate the percent abundances of these
isotopes.

7.

Lithium(relative atomic mass 6.941) has two naturally occurring isotopes, 6Li and 7Li, with masses of
6.015121 amu and 7.9249 amu, respectively. Calculate the percent abundances of these isotopes.

8.

Nitrogen consists of two naturally occurring isotopes, 14N and 15N.

Using the periodic table, state and explain which isotope is more abundant.

9.

The relative atomic mass of Hafnium is 178.49 amu. Suppose that Hf consists of
two isotopes. Explain why 178Hf and 179Hf seem like reasonable possibilities for

these two

isotopes. Explain why 178Hf and 180Hf might also be possible.

10. Using the periodic table, write the names of the most likely common isotopes of the following
elements:
Na, Al, Ca, I, Au.

SL IB Chemistry

Although significant figures are not being assessed here, it should be noted that all significant figures
are to be corrected at the END of a question. At least one more figure than that which is significant
should be carried through intermediate calculations. This way you do not accumulate errors throughout a
question, known as rounding error.

1. 10.81 amu
2. 24.31 amu
3. 40.0 amu
4. 121.9 amu
5. 79.90 amu
6. Ga-69: 60.119%
Ga-71: 39.881%
7. Li-6: 51.52%
Li-7: 48.48%
8. N-14 must be more abundant, as the relative atomic mass (Mr) is
closer to 14 than 15.
9. Hf-178 and Hf-179 seem like reasonable possibilities because
178.49 is half way in between these 2 values.
Hf-178 and Hf-180 might also be possible because 178.49 is
also in between these values.
10.

Answers may vary. Likely isotopes are:

Na-22, Na-23 / Al-26, Al-27 / Ca-40, Ca-41 / I-126, I-127 / Au196, Au-197

SL IB Chemistry