You are on page 1of 10

1

bysDVWkfuDl % ,d Nan
izkjaHk vkf.k izokl
1970 lkyph xksV- cktkjisBsarhy ,dk
o;Ldj x`gLFkakP;k tkxsar iwohZ dakgha oks eh
HkkMsdjh gksrks- R;k cjsp fnolakP;k ifjp;keqGsa
R;akuk ek;kfok;ha Qkj vkiqydh o vknj
gksrkuarj eh fpapoMyk jkg.kklkBha xsyks,dnak dakgha dkekfufekkusa rGsxakoakr vkY;koj
eyk ckgs:u dGys dha] R;akuh VsijsdWkMZj
?ksryk vkgs- Eg.kwu R;akP;kdMs xsyks- ifgyh
vksG[k rj gksrhp- eyk cjsp fnolakuh
ikfgY;koj R;akuk Qkj vkuan >kyk- ^^ rqEgh
VsijsdWkMZj ?ksryk vls eyk dGys] rsOgak rks
dlk vlrks rs igkos Eg.kwu vkyks gksrks-**
^^igk uk** vls Eg.kwu dikV m?kMwu R;akuh rks
ckgsj dk<yk- eh ckitUeha d/kh ikfgyk uOgrk[kjs lakxw! eh brdk foLe;pfdr >kyks dha]
eyk okVysa R;akuh dikVakrwu vkBosa vkp;Z
ckgsj dk<ysa-

,[kk|k rkUk iksjkyk gkrkGkos rlk rks


dikVakrwu gGwp ckgsj dk<wu vfrk; gyD;k
gkrkus dWlsV Vkdwu R;akuh rks pkyw dsyk- rh
NksVh fjGsa fQjr gksrh vkf.k vkoktfg ;sr
gksrk- fjGsa fQjY;kcjkscj vkokt dlkdk; ;srks
;kfok;ha dYiuk dj.ksafg kD; uOgrs brds rsa
xw<jE; okVr gksrsaxaer vkh dha] R;k v/;kZ rklakr
R;akuh eyk VsijsdWkMZj toGfg tka fnys ukgh]
ex gkr yko.ksa rj nwjp jkfgys- R;k v/;kZ
rklakr rs Qkjp gGos >kysr vls eyk
tk.koys- dkj.k dk; rj ,o<kk egkxkeksykph
oLrw] t.kwa LoxhZ; ;a=.kk! dakgha dehtkLr >kys
Eg.kts ulrh cyker gksbZy Eg.kwu rs Qkj n{k
vkf.k lko/k fnlr gksrs- R;akuh eyk rks
nk[kfoyk] brdsp uOgsa rj rks ykowu nk[kfoyk
gsp dks.k egr~ midkj gksrs R;akps! rkUk
ckGkyk nk[kforkr i.k nql;akP;k gkrakr nsr
ukghr dkj.k ?ksrak djrakuk R;kph eku
voVkGyh rj ulrh iapkbZr Ogk;ph rls R;akpsa
okx.ksa okVr gksrsa- 1970 lky gksrsa rsa- dWlsVpsa
izFkepsa nkZu] VsijsdWkMZjpsa izFkepsa nkZu]
R;kosGha l`VhP;k vkf.k ekuoh cq)hP;k xw<

jgL;kusa vkp;Zpfdr >kysyh eukph rh


voLFkk d/khfg folj.ksa kD; ukgh- rsa jgL;
bysDVWkfuDlP;k vR;ar xguxaHkhj fFkvjhe/;sa
fk:u vkt?kMhykfg rlsp ftoar jkfgys vkgsEg.kwup dakgha t:jh ulrak eh gsa foLr`r ys[ku
d:a kdrks & vfrk; rUe;rsusaloZizFke dWlsV cktkjakr fohlkBha
vkY;k R;kosGha yksdakP;k vkp;kZyk ikjkokj
jkfgyk uOgrk- 1@2 oks rks ppsZpk fok; >kyk
gksrkT;kosGha ;w-Mh-lh-DykdZpk ixkj 500:Ik;kis{kak
tkLr uOgrk] vkk R;kosGha VsijsdWkMZjph fdaer
1500 :Ik;akP;k vklikl gksrh- R;keqGsa T;akph
vkfFkZd fLFkrh pakxyh vls] vlsp yksd rks
[kjsnh djhr vlr- ,[kk|kus rks fodr ?ksryk
Eg.kts lksU;kizek.ksa dikVakr Bsowu vkf.k
dikVkyk dqywi ykowu rks ek.kwl fdYyh lnSo
dejsyk okxohr vls- R;kus ,sjkor [kjsnh dsyk
vkgs vlsa R;kyk Lorkyk okVs vkf.k brj
yksdfg R;kp utjsus R;kP;kdMs ikgr vlrvkrak R;kpsa glwa ;srsaR;kosGha ,dnak ,d dWlsV nql;kyk
ns.kklkBha ek;k gkrha vkyh- vlyh oLraw

vk;q;akr d/kh ikfgyh uOgrh- cgqewY; jRu


ikfgY;koj tlsa gksras rlk eh egnkp;kr ikj
cqMwu xsyks- rh FkksMh ikjnkZd gksrh R;keqGsa
R;akrhy lxGkk xksVh fnlr gksR;k- NksVh nksu
psa] R;koj /ofuQhr my?kMyh vkf.k xqaMkGyh
tkr gksrh- gh psa fQjY;koj vkokt dlkdk;
;srks ;kfok;ha dYiukfg djrk ;s.ksa kD; uOgrsa
brds rsa xw< okVr gksrsa- vki.kkl gh oLrwa
ikg.kkl feGkyh Eg.kwu Lorkl /kU; letr
gksrkskkL=K tjh vlyk rjhfg ,danj ekuoh
cq)hp [kjks[kj foy{k.k oLrwa vkgs- rh fdrh
vn~Hkwr vkf.k vkp;Zdkjd foo fuekZ.k djrsa!
vkf.k R;kpsa voyksdu dsY;koj fdrh viwoZ
lek/kku ykHkrsa!
T;k xksVh r;kj dj.kakr ekuoh
cq)hph izHkk] frpsa rst] oSHko izdV gksrsa] R;k
ikg.kkpsa] uhV loZ cktwauh voyksdu dj.kkpsa
foy{k.k osM ek;akr vkgs- vlsa gsa vn~Hkwr
cq)hdkSkY; vkf.k R;kus fuekZ.k dsysysa gsa
foKkufoo] ;kpsa fgrhfg voyksdu dsysa rjh
ek>sa lek/kku gksr ukgh- R;kpk efgek xfjek

tltls voyksdu djkos rlrlk mkjkskj


vf/kdkf/kd tk.kowa ykxrksl`Vh rj foLe;dkjd vkgs & fu%lak;ek= kkL=Kakuh fuekZ.k dsysysa gsa foKkufoo
R;kfgis{kak foLe;dkjd okVrsa- gk ekuoh cq)hpk
peRdkj vkgs- vkp;Z vlsa dha] gh cqf)fufeZrh
gkfg l`VhpeRdkjp vkgs] gs foljrk dkek u;sukgharj lxGs eqlG dsjakr tkbZyfulxkZusa ek.klkP;k vgadkjkyk tkxkp
Bsoyh ukgh- vkf.k Eg.kwup ekuoh dr`Zokyk
vlk gk cgj vkyk vkgs- gsa dWkUVWfMDku vkgsgk fojks/kkHkkl vkgs- i.k foojpusph
oLrqfLFkrhp vkh vkgs] R;kyk dks.k dk;
dj.kkj! okLrfod ;k xksVhapk met iM.ksa gsap
cqf)ekspsa y{k.k vkgs-

Hkkx nqljk

1975 lkyph xksV- ;kosGha eh rGsxakoakr


dk;epk jkg.kklkBha vkyks- nksu fnolakuh
R;akP;kdMs xsY;koj vkf.k ;sFksa dk;epk
jkg.kkl vkyks vkgs vlsa lakfxrY;koj R;akuk
Qkj vkuan >kyk- vkrak R;akuh gWkyaM

fQfyIlpk uohu VsijsdWkMZj ?ksryk gksrk- gk


nqljk dakgha fnolkiwohZp R;akuh ?ksryk gksrkEkkxhy HksVhar R;akuh eyk VsijsdWkMZj
toGfg tk fnys ukgh- gkr yko.ks vkD;p
gksrs- vkrak ek= pkyw dj.kkpsa cVu dks.krs
vls fopkjY;koj ^^ gh ikgk gh dh vkgs
cksVkus vkh nkck ** eyk Qkj uoy okVysavkrak rs rCcsrhus gGos >kys gksrs- VsijsdWkMZjpk
gGosi.kk dsOgakp laiyk vkgs vlsa eyk
tk.koysR;k x`gLFkakuh ek>sa dakgha ys[ku
ek;kp vkoktakr jsdWkfMx dsys- iq<siq<s
R;akP;kdMs okjaokj tk.ksa gksr jkfgys- eh xsyks
dha] rs u pqdrk VsijsdWkMZj ckgsj dk<hr vkf.k
R;koj dFkkdFku] dhrZu bR;kfn fok;kojhy
dWlsV~l ,sd.ksa o dakgha jsdWkfMx dj.ksa vls
dk;Ze dakgha oks pkywa gksrs- eh xsyks dha]
R;akuk Qkj cjsa okVr vls- u pqdrk rs jkst
ek;klkBha ?kjakr pgk dj.kkl lakxr- ^^ rqEgh
jkst pgk nsrak gsa dakgha [kjsa ukgh ** vls ,dnak
EgVY;koj R;akuh ek>s nksUgh gkr gkrakr ?ksrys
vkf.k Eg.kkys] ^^ eyk Qkj lek/kku okVrsa gksrqEgh vls dakgha letwa udk vkf.k eyk nq%[kh

d: udk ** ek>k ukbykt >kyk- ,dnak 3@4


fnol eyk R;akP;kdMs tk.kkl teysp ukghikpO;k fnokha rs ek;k /kjha vkys- Qkjp
mnkl okVys rs R;kosGha! eh dkj.k
lakfxrY;koj Eg.kkys] ^^ Bhd vkgs] vkt ek=
uDdh ;k cja dk ** R;kosGha R;akps MksGs
ik.kkus McMcys- ek;k n;akr Qkj
dkyokdkyo >kyh- ;k ek.klkpk eh [kjks[kjp
Qkj vijk/k dsyk vkgs vls eyk rsOgak izdkkZus
tk.koys- R;kuarj ek= u pqdrk R;akP;kdMs
tkr vls- dkekP;k O;kiakr vlyks rjh R;akuk
u pqdrk mH;k mH;k HksVr vls,dnak isBsyk xsyks vlrak jLR;akrp rs eyk
fnlys- [kwi vkDr okVr gksrs! eh toG
xsY;koj R;akuh eyk ikfgys vkf.k jMk;ykp
ykxys- ^^ dk; >kys gks\ ** R;koj rs Eg.kkys]
^^ ldkGha jsfMvksoj ,d xk.ksa ykxys ^ ;s js
?kuk] ;s js ?kuk] Ugk ?kky ek;k euk * vkrak
ek;k eukyk dks.k Ugk ?kkyhy! ** ^^ eh
vkgs uk] dkGth d:a udk- ** R;akuk tjk /khj
vkyk- ikj [kpR;klkj[ks >kys gksrs rs- R;akuk
/k:u Ekk;k ?kjha vk.kys- dWkVoj clowu FkksMs
[kk.kklkBha fnys vkf.k dsoG nq/kkpk pgk

dsyk- pgk Qkj Nku >kyk Eg.kkys- uarj xIik


xksVh] dakgha fouksn >kys- rs Qkj galys- R;akP;k
eukojpsa eGHk nwj >kys- vkrk rs [kwip izl
fnlr gksrs- uarj R;akuk ?kjha lksMys- Eg.kkys]
ek;k ksoVP;k vk;q;akr rqEgh eyk nso
HksVykr- ek;k ik;kp iMk;yk ykxys rs!
Eg.kkyks] ^^ gs Hkyrsp dk; djrak\ rqEgh
ek;kis{kak o;kus eksBs vkgkr ** ^^ vkEgh
dsoG o;kus ok<yks- rqeph ;ksXkrk Qkj eksBh
vkgs- **
rs x`gLFk vkt g;kr ukghrbysDVWkfuDlP;k izkUrakr R;akP;keqGsa ek>sa ifgysa
iky iMysa- R;akuk folj.ksa d/khfg kD; ukghek= R;akP;k g;krhar 2@3 okkr
VsijsdWkMZj vkf.k Vh- Ogh- e/khy ek>sa Lora=
iz;ksx R;akuh ikfgys- ek;k bysDVWkfuDlP;k
{ks=akrhy ;k txkosxGkk izxrhpk R;akuk Qkj
foLe; vkf.k vfHkekufg okVr vls- eh R;akuk
Eg.kr vls dha] rqEgh ;k {ks+=akrhy ek>sa ifgys
xq: vkgkr- R;kosGha rs {kwi galk;ps vkf.k
vxnh ckfjd psgjk d:u Eg.kk;ps] ^^ rqEgh
dso<h izxrh dsyh gks! Ekyk ;akrys dakghap
dGr ukgh- eh dlyk xq:!** rjhfg eh R;akuk

fu%kadi.ksa lakxr vls dha] rqEgh dakghafg


Eg.kkykr rjh rqepsa xq:LFkku ek;k n;akr
v<G vkgs vkf.k vkt ?kMhykfg rsa rlsp
vkgs- R;akP;k _.kakrwu d/kh mrjkbZ gksrk ;s.kkj
ukgh- rsa lnSo fkjha jkghyek;k bysDVWkfuDlP;k iznh?kZ
Nankfok;ha fyfg.kkl clyks vkf.k vpkud
vfrk; rhozrsus R;akpsa Lej.k >kysa- vkk
jhrhus vHkkfori.ksa R;akuk J)aktyh okgwu eh
ek;k ys[kukpsa gsa vlsa x.kirh iwtu dsysa
vkgs-^-ek.kls
tkrkr
i.k
R;akps
xq.k
/kzqork;kizek.ks lnSo pedr vlrkr gsp [kjs!*
.k xksdqGakrwu eFkqjsl tk.kkl fu?kkyk
R;kosGha jk/kk vfrk; O;kdwG >kyh- .k
fu?kkyk] R;kpk jFk n`fVvkM xsykns[khy- jk/kk
.kkP;k iqdGp fudV gksrh- R;kyk v[ksjpk
MksGsHk:u igkok vkh rhoz vkl fryk gksrhvkf.k rjhfg jk/kk .kkyk ikgw kdyh ukghdq.khrjh fryk fopkjys] ^^ dk; xs jk/ks] rwa
.kkyk ikgwa kdyh ukghl] vls Eg.krsl] gsa
dls x\** R;koj frus mkj fnys] ^vHkkfxuhP;k
mHk; ykspuha ty/kkjakpk gksrk iMnk* ek>h
fLFkrh vxnh vkhp >kyh vkgs- fyfg.kkpsa

10

terp ukgha- rsOgak ;sFkasp Fkakcrks- m|kiklwu


lq:a djrksbfr
vkIik Bksacjs8@8@2004