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Strategy: Analogy

Learning Area: Cell Division


Learning Objective: Understanding Mitosis
Learning Outcome: A student is able to explain the process of mitosis
Note: This activity is only used to explain the phases of mitosis only.
Constraints (to avoid misconceptions)
1. The number of chromosomes represented by the 5 fingers of the hand is
odd and do not actually indicate the 2n status of a diploid cell.
2. The clenched fists during prophase may mislead students to think that
replication occurs in prophase itself and not during S phase of the cell
cycle.
3. The fingers representing the chromosomes are attached to the palm may
indicate that chromosomes are bundled up. This does not show the
individual state of the separating chromosomes.
Method:
1. Use a clenched fist to represent a dividing
nucleus. The five fingers represent five
chromosomes.

2. PROPHASE Clench two fists together. The


ten fingers represent the replicated
chromosome.

3. METAPHASE join the two hands with


fingers pointing upwards. This shows the
alignment of the chromosomes at the
equator of cell.

4. ANAPHASE Move the two hands apart,


the fingers represent the chromosomes
moving towards the poles of the cell.

5. TELOPHASE Clench both left and right


hands. The two clenched fist represent the
two daughter nuclei with five chromosomes
each. Note that the size and the number of
chromosomes are same for both nuclei.