Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

-

: 2



.

: ...,
..

-
2 0 1 2


............................................................................................................. 3
.............................................................................. 4
.............................................................................. 6
: .......................................................................... 7
............................................................... 8
.................................................................... 9
................................................... 13
........................................................................................ 16
....................................................................................................... 17
............................................................... 18



.
.

$63,1 . [1, .2],
FOREX1.
, /
.

IPO, SPO *2., .94-95] .

.
.
.
:*2, .28+

.
102 ,
. NYSE Euronext

1
2

, , $4 ., Wikipedia
, Wikipedia

*1, .6+ ($11,8 . 2011 ).


.
, ,
. .


.
,

.. , ,
..
..
.

, ,
.
.
.
, (, ),
.
.

, .
, , ..
.
.
, 1469 ,3 1531
.4
, ,
.
, .

XVI .

, XVI-XVII .
, , , - ,
- .

XVIII

1790 .
, 1817 - (NYSE),5
.
,
.
1929
, .6

- XVI - XVIII . , ,
, Wikipedia
5
NYSE, New York Stock Exchange > History
6
, Wikipedia
4


*2, .34+7:


(, , , )
,
*3, .1+.
[4, .342-343],[2, .32-33]:



, /
.
.
,
.
.
,
,
. , ,
.
.
,

, Wikipedia

().

:[5, .10]





:

. , ,
, . 50
. ,

, .
.[3, .2+

.
. 1885 Wall Street Journal
.
1986 . 12 ,
20, 30.

:


(,
,
)

)
(

, , )


,
40% .
:
.
.
:
[3, .4+,
,

..


- [ , .4]
8


,
, ,
10 :
1) (Amex)
2)
3)
4) HedgeStreet
5) NASDAQ
6)
7) -
8) - (NYSE)
9) NYSE Arca
10)


.

Dow

Jones

Industrial

Average,

Standard & Poors 500 NASDAQ.

Dow Jones Industrial Average


Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA)
, 30
8.

.
..

.

, .
, ,
9. ,

10.
DJIA 1946
177,2 12 801,211.
$3,41 .12 , 65
7124,2%.

-, Wikipedia
Yahoo! Finance, Dow Jones Industrial Average, Components
10
Dow Jones , 20.02.2008
11
Yahoo! Finance
12
Google finance
9

10

1. DJIA, 1946 2012.

Standard & Poors 500


Standard & Poors 500
(S&P500) .. , 500
$4 .13
1957 14.
15. S&P500
DJI, , ,
. ,
.

10

.
: 400 , 20 ,
40 40 .
, 10.02.2012 $12,15 .16

13

,
S&P 500,
15
S&P 500, Wikipedia
16
S&P 500,
14

11

1957 .

2. S&P500

Nasdaq Composite Index


Nasdaq Composite Index
, 1971 .
NASDAQ 1968
, IT-.
NASDAQ
- .17
Nasdaq Composite Index
NASDAQ. Nasdaq Composite, ,
. 5 .18

17
18

NASDAQ, Wikipedia
Nasdaq Composite Index, Wikipedia

12

3. Nasdaq Composite



.
,
.

.
, ,
24 28 29 1929
. 12,8 11,7%
.
. ,
13

. ,


.
,
1987 , ,
, 28 29 1929 .
19 1987 DJIA 22,6%.
, 1929

.
- .19
2000 NASDAQ
-.20
IT-
. ,
,

. P/E 100 .21

.

19

(1987), Wikipedia
, Wikipedia
21
, 52 26.03.2010
20

14

4. .
,
, - 2008
Lehman Brothers.22 ,
, (
). 1929

.
, ,
: ,
, , ,
..23

22

, Wikipedia
: / .., -.:
2/2008, .30-45
23

15

,
.

. ,
,
, ,
.

.
,
.

/ .

,
,

.[6, .14-15]

,
, ,
.

16



.
.

.
:

5.
DJIA S&P500
.

17

,
,
, , .


1) 2011 WFE Market Highlights
2) : / ..
, .. , .. . - .: , 2010
3) / .., -.:
2003
4) - :
/ . .. . - 3- ., . . -.:
, 2005
5) / .., .10
6) : /
.., -.: 2/2008
-
http://ru.wikipedia.org
http://corporate.nyx.com
http://finance.yahoo.com
http://www.standardandpoors.com
http://www.kommersant.ru
http://www.izvestia.ru

18