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COLOMBO AMERICAN SCHOOL

Educating Transformative Leaders


HISTORY
9th GRADE
TEACHER: GLORIA SOUTO

NAME: ________________________________

DATE:___________________________

9: ___

INSTRUCTION: Place the letter of the word next to the correct meaning. Then complete the Frayer
Model.
CYCLE ONE
Zollverein

The union of north German states under Prussia was


formed in 1850 was the first step in getting out from under
Austrian control.

Frankfurt Parliament

Declaration of Rights

Erfurt Union

In December 1848, the Frankfurt Parliament released this


document based on similar declarations made in France
and the United States
Prussian economic union, removed tariff barriers between
German states, in step toward political unity.
First freely elected parliament in Germany

CYCLE TWO
Treaty of Olmutz

Also known as the Seven Weeks' War. This war was


between Austria and Prussia, with Italy helping Prussia. It
was over control of the German Confederation. Prussia
won, and created the North German Confederation, of
which Austria was not a part, and Italy received Venetia.

Otto von Bismarck

The peace settlement at the end of the Seven Weeks war.


Italy was given Venetia and Austria was permanently
separated from Germany.

Austro-Prussian war

Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he


became chancellor of Germany. A conservative nationalist,

he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France


(1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German
Empire.
D

The Peace of Prague

This treaty in 1850 restored the Bund under Austrian


leadership and dissolved the Erfurt Union.

CYCLE THREE
Franco-Prussian war

The King of Prussia (2 January 1861-9 March 1888) and


the first German Emperor (18 January 1871-9 March
1888), as well as the first Head of State of a united
Germany.

Treaty of Frankfurt

Kaiser Wilhelm I

A conflict between the Second French Empire and the


Kingdom of Prussia. The complete Prussian and German
victory brought about the final unification of Germany
under King Wilhelm I of Prussia.
This treaty ended the Franco-Prussian War. By this treaty,
France ceded to Germany the provinces of Alsace and
Lorraine (rich in coal and iron and inhabited by many
French people), agreed to pay Germany a huge war
indemnity and consented to military occupation until the
indemnity was paid.

CYCLE FOUR
Kaiser Wilhelm II

300+ German states became 39 in 1815. Strong enough to


defend itself, but too weak to be a threat.

German
Confederation

Became ruler of Germany in 1888 and dramatically


changed Germany's foreign policy. He wanted to show the
world how mighty Germany had become and did not want
to share his power with anyone. He let Germany's treaty
with Russia lapse in 1890, which allowed Russia to form a
defensive military alliance with France. Next, Wilhelm
began a shipbuilding program in order to make the
German navy equal to the British fleet. This led Britain to
form an alliance with France.

A
B