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Teachers copy of answer key (2007 N level Paper 2, Passage B)

Purple text represents the words Ss are to paraphrase.


Yellow text represents the paraphrase.
Question 21
Shortage of water has both immediate and long-term effects (line 32)
Explain in your own words the immediate and long-term effects that the fetching of
water has on the children.
1. Extract the relevant information
Immediate effects
- This daily drudgery keeps the children from school
- OR the mothers have to leave their babies in the care of immature brothers and
sisters, so that accidents often happen.
Long-term effects
- Children are kept from all hope of well-paid work when they grow up
- OR they develop permanent injuries to their spines from the heavy loads they carry
on their heads.
2. Paraphrase
Immediate effects
- The immediate effect is that children are not able to go to school
- OR mishaps occur when mothers get their older children to look after the young
ones.
Long-term effects
- The long-term effect is that in future, children will be unable to secure high paying
jobs.
- OR children develop lasting spinal injuries because of the weight of the water that
they carry.
Question 15
Explain in your own words why rainfall is wasteful in a) tropical rainforests and b)
the monsoon season.
1. Extract the relevant information
a) Much of the rain falls where populations are sparse on tropical rainforests, for
example.
b) or comes at only a certain time of the year (the monsoon season) in torrents which
cause storage tanks to overflow and break river banks.
2. Paraphrase
a) Because in tropical rainforests the number of people living there is small. (Note:
little and much cannot be used to describe the number of people.)
b) Because in the monsoon season the rain comes in such large downpours that
storage tanks and rivers cannot contain these.

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