Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3


camps and Extermination Camps belonged to two widely different camp systems
Concentration Camps
The concentration camps formed an important part of the Nazi regimes systematic suppression of Jews, gypsies, political
dissident, homosexuals and other groups that were viewed as socially and racially undesirable in the Nazi state. The
concentration camps were established with different purposes. For instance, there existed ordinary concentration
camps, forced labour camps, work- and reformatory camps, POW camps and transit camps. Their common denominator
was the fact that the living conditions were extremely horrible and cruel for the inmates. With very insufficient food, the
terrible conditions resulted in the deaths of an enormous amount of prisoners, especially in the work camps. There were at
least 22 main camps distributed all over Germany and Europe. Many hundreds of thousands of non-Jews and tens of
thousands of Jews perished in these camps. Many site were pre-existing Army barracks that were converted and run by the
SS. The forced labour camps were essential to the Nazi Economy as the war progressed and were well organised. Victims
worked 12-hour days; those who failed to work were killed.
Extermination Camps
Unlike the Concentration Camps, six Extermination Camps were constructed between 1941 and 1943 with only one
purpose: to exterminate the Jews. A total of three million Jews were murdered in these camps, using gas chambers and
crematoriums. They can be divided into two groups: the pure extermination camps and the combined extermination- and
concentration camps. All the camps were situated in undisturbed rural areas in far away Poland, out of sight from
German and the International Community. All sites were situated near railways in order to systemically clear the ghettos of
Europe. These types of camps were specific and unique to Nazi Germany, controlled by the SS and extremely well