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ENVIRONMENTAL AND

ENERGY LAW
BY MALIK WALKER AND ALEXIA REID

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION AGENCY

The EPA was founded on December 2, 1970.


It was created for the purpose of protecting human
health and the environment by writing and
enforcing laws passed by congress.

EPA RESPONSIBILITIES

ENFORCEMENT OF ENIVIRONMENTAL LAW


ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING, EDUCATION, AND
GUIDANCE
WASTE MANAGEMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL LICENSING
RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION

THE CLEAN AIR ACT

The clean air act was passed in 1973 and amended in 1970
A law made to protect human health and the environment
from air pollution
The clean air act programs have shown that protecting
public health and building the economy can go hand and
hand
The clean air act have lowered levels of six common
pollutants- particles, ozone, lead, carbon monoxide, nitrogen
dioxide

THE CLEAN WATER ACT

The primary law in the US that governs


water pollution
Establishes the structure for regulating
water pollution and standards for surface
waters
Made in 1948 and expanded in 1972
Gave the EPA the authority to implement
pollution control programs such as
wastewater standards

ENVIRONMENTAL VIOLATIONS

Smoke or other emissions from local industrial facilities


Improper treatment, storage, or disposal of hazardous wastes
Unpermitted dredging or filing of waters and wetlands
Any unpermitted industrial activity
Late-night dumping or any criminal activity including
falsifying reports or other documents

COMPANIES VIOLATION
TO THE ACTS(BP)
On April

20, 2010, The BP oil spill took place in the Gulf of Mexico.
BP violated The Clean Water Act because Thousands of gallons of
oil was spilled into the ocean.
Over the course of 87 days, the damaged Macondo wellhead leaked
an estimated 3.19 million barrels (over 130 million gallons) of oil
into the Gulf of Mexico
What the company did wrong was they didnt take the necessary
steps to prevent an oil spill and ignored the possibility of the gulf
oil spill.

VIOLATION

ENERGY LAW

FEDERAL ENERGY
REGULATION COMMISSION

United states federal agency


Jurisdiction over interstate electricity sales, wholesale
electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural gas pricing,
and oil pipeline rates
Regulates the transmission and sale of natural gas for
resale in interstate commerce
Licenses and inspects private, municipal, and state
hydroelectric projects
Monitors and investigates energy markets

NUCLEAR REGULATORY
COMMISSION

Is an independent agency made by congress


Evaluates if nuclear power plant emergency plans are suitable to
protect public health and safety.
Review FEMA evaluations of offsite emergency preparedness.
Make decisions on the overall state of emergency preparedness,
such as issuing of nuclear power plant operating licenses or taking
enforcement actions (e.g., violations, civil penalties, orders, or
shutdown of operating reactors).

ENERGY VIOLATIONS

Improper Sample Collection, Preservation, Handling and/or


Analytical Techniques.
Not Maintaining or Maintaining Incomplete Monitoring
Records; Not Submitting or Submitting Incomplete DMRs.
Discharging Wastewater Without a Permit.
Submitting a Late Permit Application.
Improper Operation & Maintenance of Monitoring Equipment
and Alarms.

COLUMBIA GAS TRANSMISSION, LLC

Columbia Gas 'failure to post the notices of the


auctions of its available firm capacity on its
public website for a period of four years. posed
a serious threat to transparency in the market,
and may have compromised the Commissions
open-access transportation requirements.
This violated part 4 of the General Terms and
Conditions of its FERC gas Tariff.

INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR VIOLATION

Kewaunee nuclear power plant issued violation


April 5, 2013
NRC inspectors said the plant failed to identify the
loss of an indicator to monitor system and effluent
parameters for accurately classifying and declaring a
general emergency and a site area emergency.

SOURCES
www.Ferc.gov
www.ct.gov
www2.epa.gov

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