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T

KWU GOVERNING SYSTEM


BASICS OF GOVERNING SYSTEM
DRAWINGS ARE NOT AS PER
ACTUAL
THIS PRESENTATION HAS BEEN
PREPARED
JUST FOR UNDERSTANDING THE
SYSTEM

HP TURBINE

IP TURBINE

LP TURBINE

TG SET

MS

CRH
NRV

HPSV

IPSV

HPCV

IPCV

HPCV
CRH
NRV

HPSV

GENERATOR

IPCV
IPSV

MS

HRH

BOILER

Condenser

Opening SV
Opening CV

GENERAL SCHEME
Steam from
boiler

Turbine Rolling

Turbine/Unit LockOut Tripping

Synchronization
De-acceleration
Acceleration
Tripping

120MW
100MW
120MW
80MW
80MW
3000rpm
2900
rpm
3000rpm
3100rpm
3000RPM

Steam to
turbine

80MW
100MW
120MW

Generating
Station

Turbine

Load
Consumer

Generator Speed
3150

3100

3000

2900

2850

1500

180

Different oils, their colour codes, sources and purpose in KWU


Governing System
S.No
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Name of Oil

Control Oil

Trip Oil
Aux Trip Oil
Start-up Oil
Aux Start-up
Oil
Aux Secondary
Oil
Secondary Oil

Source & pressure


MOP/AOP ( 7-8.5 Kg/cm2)

Purpose
To establish Trip Oil, Aux Trip Oil,
Trip Oil, Start-up Oil, Aux Start-up
Oil, Aux Secondary Oil, Secondary
Oil, Primary Oil, Etc
2
Main Trip Valve (4.8-6 Kg/cm ) To reset , Open & Trip stop valve
Main Trip Valve (4.8-6 Kg/cm2)

To trip Hydraulic Trip Device

Starting Device ( 5.5 Kg/cm2)

To assist Resetting & Opening


Stop Valves
To Reset Main Trip Valve &
Hydraulic Trip Device

Starting Device ( 5.5 Kg/cm2)


Speeder Gear ( 2.3-4.8 Kg/cm2)

Input Signal to Hydraulic


Converter

Hyd/Electro-Hyd Converter ( 0-6


Kg/cm2)

To govern HP/IP Control Valve


opening

Primary Oil Pump ( 0-2.3 Kg/cm2)

Feedback speed signal for HG

Over Speed Test Device ( 2.0


Kg/cm2)

To test Over Speed Test Device

(HP/IP)
8.
9.

10.

Primary Oil
Test Oil
Drains

LEGENDS
Colour Code

CONTROL OIL OIL TAKEN FROM AOP/MOP DISCHARGE HEADER FOR


THE GOVERNING SYSTEM
TRIP/AUX TRIP OILTHESE TWO OIL CIRCUITS ARE ESTABLISHED
THROUGH MAIN TRIP VALVES UNDER RESET CONDITION.
START-UP/AUX START-UP OIL THESE TWO OIL CIRCUITS ARE
ESTABLISHED TO ITS PEAK PRESSURE THROUGH STARTING DEVICE AT
0% POSITION AND PRESSURE STARTS REDUCING WHEN POSITION OF THE
STARTING DEVICE IS RAISED.
AUX SECONDARY OIL THIS OIL CIRCUIT IS NOTHING BUT OUTPUT OF
HYDRAULIC GOVERNOR AND INPUT TO HYDRAULIC CONVERTER.
SECONDARY OIL
CONVERTER.

OUTPUT

OF

HYDRAULIC/ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC

TEST OILTHIS OIL CIRCUIT IS ESTABLISHED TO TEST OVER SPEED TRIP


DEVICE WHEN TURBINE IS RUNNING AT RATED SPEED.

REMOTE TRIP SOLENOID VALVESTHESE ARE TWO IN Nos. AND WHEN ANY TURBINE
TRIP GETS INITIATED, THE SOLENOIDS GETS ENERGISED AND CONTROL OIL GETS
DRAINED THROUGH THE VALVES AND TRIPS THE MTV.

MAIN TRIP VALVESTHESE ARE TWO IN Nos. AND CALLED THE MAIN TRIP GEAR. ALL
THE TURBINE TRIPPINGS TAKE PLACE THROUGH THIS DEVICE. UNDER NON-TRIP
CONDITION ESTABLISHES TRIP & AUX TRIP OIL AND USED FOR RESETTING/OPENING
THE STOP VALVES AND PRODUCING HP/IP SECONDARY OIL.

STARTING DEVICE AS THE NAME OF THIS DEVICE SUGGESTS, THIS DEVICE IS USED
FOR RESETTING AND OPENING THE STOP VALVES AND , MAIN TRIP VALVES &
HYDRAULIC TRIP DEVICES. THIS DEVICE EITHER BE OPERATED MANUALLY BY HAND
WHEEL OR FROM REMOTE (MCR) THROUGH MOTORISED ACTUATOR.
SPEEDER GEAR THIS DEVICE IN COMBINATION WITH STARTING DEVICE FORMS
HYDRAULIC GOVERNOR AND PROVIDES INPUT HYDRALIC SIGNAL TO HYDRAULIC
CONVERTER. THIS DEVICE EITHER BE OPERATED MANUALLY BY HAND WHEEL OR
FROM REMOTE (MCR) THROUGH MOTORISED ACTUATOR.
HYDRAULIC/ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC CONVERTERAMPLIFIES&CONVERTS HYDRAULIC
/ELECTRICAL SIGNALS TO HYDRAULIC SIGNALS ( HP/IP SECONDARY OIL) FOR THE
OPERATION OF HP/IP CONTROL VALVE.
HYDRAULIC TRIP DEVICESTHESE DEVICES PROVIDE MANDATORY PROTECTIONS OF
THE TURBINE BY DRAINING AUX TRIP OIL. THESE DEVICES ARE RESET BY AUX STARTUP OIL.

TEST V/V

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF
GOVERNING SYSTEM
Filtered
Control Oil

STOP V/V
SERVO MOTOR

Main Trip
Valves

Remote Trip
Solenoid
Valves

STOP &
CONTROL
VALVE
CONTROL
VALVE
SERVO
MOTOR

AOP
Trip Oil

Filter

MOP
AOP Discharge
header

Start-up Oil

Starting
Device

Filtered Controlled Oil

Hyd. Trip Device

Electro-Hyd
Converter

Aux Start-up Oil

Hyd
Converter

Aux Trip
Oil

Secondary Oil

RAISING STARTING DEVICE POSITION TO DE-PRESSURISE


BRINGING
TO 0STOP
POSITION
TOAND
BUILD
START-UP &THE
AUXSTARTING
STATR-UPDEVICE
OIL TO OPEN
VALVES
START-UP &PRODUCING
AUX STATR-UP
OIL
TO RESET STOP&
MAIN TRIP
AUX
SECONDARY
OIL
VALVES AND HYD. TRIP DEVICE
Hand Wheel
Motor

Drain

STARTING DEVICE

(5.5
Aux Start-up Oil (0
Kg/cm2)
Kg/cm2)

TO MTV & HTD V/V


CONTROL OIL FROM AOP/MOP

TO TEST V/V OF STOP V/V


Start-up Oil (0
(5.5Kg/cm2)
Kg/cm2)

Drain

75

100

50
25

Starting
Device
In %

0
Position at MCR

STARTING
STARTING
DEVICE
DEVICE

RESETTING OF MTV FOR


TRIPPING OF MTV
FOR
ESTABLISHING
TRIP/AUX
KILLING
TRIPTRIP
OIL OIL

MAIN TRIP VALVE

DRAIN

TRIP OIL TO RESET/OPEN STOP VALVE


& FOLLOW-UP VALVES ETC TO PRODUCE
SECONDARY
SECONDARY
OILOIL
(4.8-6.0
(0 Kg/cm2)
Kg/cm2)

CONTROL OIL FROM


AOP/MOP(6-8.5
Kg/cm2)

AUX TRIP OIL TO


HYDRAULIC TRIP DEVICES
(4.8-6.0
(0 Kg/cm2)
Kg/cm2)

AUX START-UP OIL FROM STARTING


DEVICE (0 POSITION)

RESETTING OF MTV
REMOTE TRIP SOLENOID
OPERATED VALVES
TRIP OIL TO HOLD STOP
V/VS & AND TO PRODUCE
SECONDARY OIL

AUX START-UP
OIL TO RESET
MTV & HTD

CONTROL OIL
FROM AOP/MOP
DRAIN

Filter

A
O
P
D
i
s
h
a
r
g
e
h
e
a
d
e
r

AUX TRIP OIL TO HYDRAULIC


TRIPING DEVICES

AOP/
MOP

TRIPPING OF MTV THROUGH RTSV


(ELECTRICAL)

TRIPPING THROUGH
RTSV
REMOTE TRIP SOLENOID
OPERATED VALVES

TRIP OIL TO HOLD STOP


V/VS & AND TO PRODUCE
SECONDARY OIL

AUX START-UP
OIL TO RESET
MTV

CONTROL OIL
FROM AOP/MOP
Filter

DRAIN

AUX TRIP OIL TO HYDRAULIC


TRIPING DEVICES

TRIPPING THROUGH HYD


TRIPDEVICE

TRIPPING OF MTV THROUGH


HYDRAULIC TRIP DEVICE
(MECHANICAL)

REMOTE TRIP SOLENOID


OPERATED VALVES
TRIP OIL TO HOLD STOP
V/VS & AND TO PRODUCE
SECONDARY OIL

CONTROL OIL
FROM AOP/MOP
Filter

DRAIN

AUX START-UP OIL TO RESET


HYD TRIP DEVICES

AUX START-UP
OIL TO RESET
MTV

AUX TRIP OIL TO HYDRAULIC


TRIPING DEVICES

HYDRAULIC
TRIP DEVICE
AUX TRIP OIL TO THE
HYDRAULIC TRIPING
DEVICES

RESETTING OF RTSV, HYD. TRIP


DEVICES & MTV THROUGH

RESETTING OF RTSV, HYD. TRIP DEVICES &


MTV THROUGH
REMOTE TRIP SOLENOID
OPERATED VALVES

TRIP OIL TO HOLD STOP


V/VS & AND TO PRODUCE
SECONDARY OIL

AUX START-UP
OIL TO RESET
MTV

CONTROL OIL
FROM AOP/MOP
Filter

DRAIN

AUX START-UP OIL TO


RESET HYDRAULIC
TRIP DEVICES

HYDRAULIC
TRIP DEVICE
AUX TRIP OIL TO THE
HYDRAULIC TRIPING
DEVICES

STOP V/V OPERATION


TEST
VALVE

START-UP OIL TO TEST V/V


TRIP OIL TO STOP V/V

MTV

RTSVS

Filter

AUX START-UP
OIL TO MTV

DRAIN

S/D

STOP VALVE
SERVOMOTOR

AUX START-UP OIL TO


HYD TRIP DEVICE
HYD TRIP
DEVICE
AUX TRIP OIL TO HYD
TRIP DEVICE

OPENING OF STOP VALVES BY RAISING


RESETTING OF RTSV(DE-ENERGIZING) &
STARTING DEVICE
HYD. TRIP DEVICES & MTV THROUGH
DRAIN
STARTING DEVICE AT 0 POSITION

STOP VALVE

STOP VALVE SERVO-MOTOR


TRIP OIL ABOVE PISTON

RESETTING/OPENING/TRIPPING
OF STOP VALVE

CYLINDER
SPRING

Drain

PISTON
SPRING DISC
PISTON DISC

TRIP OIL BELOW


PISTON DISC

TRIPPING
RESETTING

OPENING

TURBINE OVERSPEED
TRIP DEVICE
AUX START-UP OIL
TO RESET
AUX TRIP OIL

FLY BOTL
Drain

Aux Trip Oil

TURBINE OVERSPEED TRIP DEVICE

THRUST BEARING
TRIP DEVICE
AUX START-UP OIL
TO RESET

AUX TRIP OIL

TURBINE
SHAFT

TEST OIL

RESETTING
OFThrust
ThrustBearing
Bearing
TRIPPING OF
TRIP DEVICE

Drain

Resetting Of Low
Vacuum Trip Device

Low Vacuum Trip


Device

Tripping Of Low
Vacuum Trip Device
Vacuum
Atmosphere

Drain
Control Oil
Aux Trip Oil
Drain

LOW VACUUM TRIP DEVICE

HYDRAULIC
GOVERNOR

Aux Follow-up
Piston

Starting Device

Speeder Gear

Aux Secondary Oil To


Hyd. Governor

75

100

50
Trip Oil
From MTV

25

Speeder
Gear
In %

75

Aux Follow-up Valve

50
Control
Oil

Starting Device

Link

Primary Oil
(0-2.3Kg/cm2)
Speeder Gear

Primary Oil
Pump

25

Starting
Device
In %

100

Aux Follow-up
Piston

Starting Device

Aux Secondary Oil To Hyd.


Governor

Speeder Gear

Start-up oil

75
50
25

Control oil

100

Starting
Device
In %

0
Aux Start-up oil

75
50
Primary Oil
LINK

Primary Oil
Pump

25

In %

Trip oil From MTV

Starting
Device

100

HP Sec. Oil

HG & EHG
Aux Sec Oil
from S/G

Follow - up valves
IP Sec. Oil

Hydraulic Converter
Amplifier
Piston
Trim
Device

Control Oil

HP Sec. Oil
Electro-Hydraulic Converter
0-10V Supply
from ATRS
Control Oil

Trip Oil
From MTV

Follow - up valves
IP Sec. Oil

Amplifier
Piston
Trim
Device

Trip Oil
From MTV

HG/EHG

INPUT

GOVERNER OUTPUT
100% DRAIN 0%
OPEN OR 100%
CLOSE

HYD MINM SELECTION

ORIFICE

GOVERNER OUTPUT
0% DRAIN 100%
OPEN OR 0% CLOSE

HYDRAULIC
MINIMUM SELECTION

ELECTRO-HYD
GOVERNOR

HYDRAULIC
GOVERNOR

DRAIN-1

OUTPUT

DRAIN-2

CONTROL V/V
SERVO-MOTOR

What happens when


What happens
when
secondary
oil pressure
secondary
oil
pressure
decreases
very
fast? ?
decreases
slowly
rises ?

Pilot Valve of HPCV

Drain

d Spring side

e Valve side

Drain

Control
Oil

e Valve side

Drain

Secondary
Oil

THANKS GIVING

THANKS FOR LISTENING TO AND


SPARING YOUR
VALUABLE
END OF
SHOW TIME
FOR THIS PRESENTATION

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