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DAFTAR ISI

JUDUL
ABSTRAK ......................................................................................................................... i
DAFTAR ISI ..................................................................................................................... ii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ......................................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR TABEL .............................................................................................................. iv
BAB I PENDAHULUAN .................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.1 Latar Belakang ........................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.2 Perumusan Masalah ................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.3 Batasan Masalah...................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.4 Tujuan ..................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.5 Manfaat ................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.1 Penelitian Terdahulu ............................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.2 Sistem Pendinginan PLTG ...................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.3 Alat Penukar Kalor .................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.3.1 Shell and tube heat exchanger ......................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.3.2 Compact heat exchanger .................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.4 Plate-fin Heat Exchanger ....................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.4.1 Plate fin heat transfer surfaces ......................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.5 Tinjauan Perpindahan Panas ................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.5.1 Perpindahan Panas secara Konduksi, Konveksi, dan RadiasiError! Bookmark not
defined.
2.5.2 Metode Beda Temperatur Rata-rata Logaritmik (LMTD)Error! Bookmark not
defined.
2.5.3 Tinjauan perpindahan panas pada Shell-and-tubeError! Bookmark not defined.
2.5.4 Tinjauan Perpindahan Panas pada Plate Fin Heat ExchangerError! Bookmark
not defined.
2.6 Penurunan Tekanan (Pressure Drop)...................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.6.1 Pressure Drop pada Shell and Tube ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.6.2 Pressure Drop pada Plate-Fin Heat ExchangerError! Bookmark not defined.
2.7 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient ........................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.8 Menghitung performa heat exchanger dengan metode NTU . Error! Bookmark not
defined.
BAB III METODOLOGI.................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.1 Umum ...................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2 Flowchart Penelitian................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.3 Analisis Evaluasi Performa Existing Pre-cooler ..... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.4 Analisis Perancangan Pre-cooler............................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.5 Data-data pendukung .............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.6 Perancangan pre-cooler ........................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.6.1 Metode TLMTD ............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.6.2 Metode Number of Transfer Unit (NTU) ........ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.7 Parameter-parameter yang divariasikan .................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.8 Flowchart perhitungan performa existing pre-cooler Metode TLMTD ......... Error!
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3.9 Flowchart Perhitungan Performa Existing Pre-cooler dengan Metode NTU . Error!
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3.8 Flowchart re-design Pre-cooler ............................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
DAFTAR PUSTAKA

DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 1.1 Timeline Kebocoran Pipa pada Pre-cooler...1
Gambar 2.1 Pengaruh Jarak antar fin (S) pada tipe perforated fin terhadap bilangan Reynold
untuk fluida kerja udara.3
Gambar 2.2 Pengaruh panjang fin (Lo) pada tipe offset strip fin terhadap bilangan Reynold
untuk fluida kerja air.4
Gambar 2.3 Pengaruh jarak pin arah longitudinal (Sl) pada tipe pin fin terhadap bilangan
Reynold untuk fluida kerja oli.4
Gambar 2.4 Pengaruh wavelength (Lw) pada tipe wavy fin terhadap bilangan Reynold untuk
fluida kerja Ethylene Glicol.4
Gambar 2.5 Pengaruh variasi laju aliran massa terhadap efektivitas..5
Gambar 2.6 Pengaruh variasi laju aliran massa terhadap pressure drop.6
Gambar 2.7 Sistem Pendingin PLTG 3 Alstom Sektor Keramasan7
Gambar 2.8 Skema Pre-cooler.7
Gambar 2.9 Gambar dan Spesifikasi Pre-cooler PLTG 3 Alstom...8
Gambar 2.10 Shell and tube heat exchanger (U-Tube) ..8
Gambar 2.11 Macam-macam Compact Heat Exchanger...9
Gambar 2.12 Basic view of plate fin heat exchanger10
Gambar 2.13 Tipe-tipe permukaan fin11
Gambar 2.14 Distribusi Temperatur tipe counter13
Gambar 2.15 Distribusi Temperatur tipe paralel.13
Gambar 2.16 shell side heat transfer factor...14
Gambar 2.17 Heat Transfer and J-Colburn factor for plate-fin..16
Gambar 2.18 Efisiensi dari straight fins (rectangular, triangular, dan parabolic profiles)
.18
Gambar 3.1 Flowchart Penelitian...20
Gambar 3.2 Geometri dari Offset Strip Fin...23
Gambar 3.3 Surface designations dari konfigurasi: 1/8 15.2, 1/8 16.12(D), 1/8 16.12(T)

.24
Gambar 3.4 Flowchart Perhitungan Performa Metode ..26
Gambar 3.5 Flowchart Perhitungan performa existing pre-cooler dengan metode NTU

..28
Gambar 3.6 Flowchart Re-design Pre-cooler...31

DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 2.1 Konfigurasi Geometri Fin.3
Tabel 3.1 Data dimensi Pre-cooler.21
Tabel 3.2 Data desain dan Operasi.22
Tabel 3.3 konfigurasi surface designation untuk plate-fin surfaces, offset strip.23