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1.

8
17 2009

-1515,
-1516,
-1517,
-1518,
-1519,
-1520,
-1521
15.11.07


_______________ ..
___ ____ 2009.

6656-002-73952702-2007

-

1.0.7.10

2009


........................................................................................................................ 3
..................................................................................................................... 6
1.
, . ................................................................... 7
1.1.
............................................................................................. 7
1.1.1.
........................................................................... 8
1.1.2.
.................................................................................. 9
1.1.3.
.............................................................................. 10
1.1.4.
........................................................................................... 10
1.1.5.
.................................................................................. 11
1.1.6.
................................................................................................. 11
1.1.7.
.......................................................................... 11
1.2.
.......................................................................... 12
.......................................................................................... 13
1.2.1.
1 ................................................................................................... 14
1.2.2.
STP (Spanning Tree Protocol) .................................... 19
1.2.3.
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) ............................................................... 20
1.2.4.
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) ............................................................ 21
1.2.5.
IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol
) ................................................................................................................ 24
1.2.6.
DHCP.......................................................................................................... 27
1.2.7.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol ) .................................................. 28
1.2.8.
VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) .29
1.3.
...................................................................................... 32
1.4.
.............................................................................................. 34
2.
.............................................................................................. 35
2.1.
.......................................................................................... 35
2.2.
.................................................................... 35
2.3.
..................................................................................... 35
2.3.1.
.......................................................................... 36
2.3.2.
IP .......................................................................... 36
2.3.3.
G.703. .......................................................................... 37
2.4.
................................................................... 37
2.5.
................................................................... 38
2.6.
....................................................................................... 38
2.6.1.
( ) ................................................................... 38
2.6.2.
(IP ) ................................................................................. 38
2.6.3.
........................................................................... 38
2.6.4.
..................................................................................................... 39
3.
........................................................................................... 40
3.1.
.......................................................................................................... 40
3.2.
..................................................................................................... 40
3.2.1.
........................................................................................... 40
3.2.2.
............................................................................ 41
3.2.3.
.................................................. 41
3.2.4.
1 ........................................................................................... 42
3.2.5.
Ethernet 100Base-TX .................................................................... 42
3.2.6.
Ethernet 1000Base-T .................................................................... 42
3.2.7.
................................................................................. 43
3.2.8.
(Console).................................................................. 43
3.2.9.
AUX .................................................................................................... 45
4.
. ............................................................................ 47
4.1.
............................................................................ 47
4.2.
. .................................................................................................. 47
4.3.
. ........................................................................... 47
4.4.
............................................................................. 49
4.4.1.
........................................................................................ 49
4.4.2.
......................................................................... 50
4.4.3.
................................................................................ 51
4.5.
......................................................................................... 52
4.5.1.
....................................................................... 52

4.5.2.
.............................................................. 52
4.5.3.
................................................................................................ 52
4.5.4.
........................................................................................ 52
4.5.5.
...................................................................................................... 53
4.6.
E1 ..................................................................................................... 53
4.7.
Ethernet ............................................................................................. 54
4.8.
.................................................................................................................. 54
4.9.
......................................................................................... 55
5.
. ........................................................ 56
5.1.
. .................................................................... 57
5.1.1.
........................................................................................ 57
5.1.2.
................................................................................ 57
5.1.3.
. .................................................................................... 58
5.1.4.
. ..................................................................... 63
5.1.5.
Ethernet TCP/IP....................................................... 66
5.1.6.
1. .......................................... 78
5.1.7.
......................................................................... 85
5.1.8.
....................................... 86
5.2.
..................................................................................... 87
5.2.1.
........................................................................................... 89
5.2.2.
Brief status overview ......................................................................... 90
5.2.3.
Device configuration.......................................................................... 90
5.2.4.
Network settings .............................................................................. 91
5.2.5.
Passwords management .................................................................... 91
5.2.6.
Restrict access by IP ......................................................................... 92
5.2.7.
SNMP parameters ............................................................................. 92
5.2.8.
Auxiliary port parameters................................................................... 92
5.2.9.
Date&time ....................................................................................... 93
5.2.10.
E1 port configuration -> E1 subchannel ................................................ 94
5.2.11.
Eth configuration .............................................................................. 96
5.3.
SNMP ........................................................................................................ 97
5.3.1.
(MIB) .......................................................... 97
5.4.
HTTP Browser...................................................................................................... 97
5.4.1.
Main ........................................................................................................... 98
5.4.2.
General config .............................................................................................. 99
5.4.3.
Time&date ................................................................................................. 100
5.4.4.
IP configuration .......................................................................................... 100
5.4.5.
E1 State .................................................................................................... 101
5.4.6.
Ethernet state ............................................................................................ 105
5.4.7.
AUX.......................................................................................................... 107
5.4.8.
CFG.sys .................................................................................................... 107
5.4.9.
Log .......................................................................................................... 108
................................................................ 108
5.5.
..................................................................... 108
5.5.1.
............................................................................ 109
5.5.2.
................................................................................. 109
5.5.3.
........................................................................................ 109
5.6.
............................................................................... 109
5.7.
...................................................................................... 110
5.7.1.
............................................................ 110
5.7.2.
Ethernet ..................................................... 111
5.7.3.
E1 ............................................................. 111
5.7.4.
........................................................... 111
5.8.
......................................... 112
5.8.1.
............................................................................ 112
5.8.2.
....................................................................................... 113
5.9.
................................................................................ 113
5.10. .................................................................................... 118
6.
..................................................................... 119
6.1.
......................................................................................................... 119
6.2.
............................................................................. 119
6.3.
1.0.7.7sr3 120
6.4.
1.0.7.7sr4 120
6.5.
bootloader .................................................................... 120
7.
............................................................................................. 121
4


E1

, ITU-T G.703 2048 /, ITU-T G.704 ( 30), .

ITUT G.703.

Ethernet

, 10BASE-T 100BASE-TX
IEEE
802.3.

net

Ether-

IEEE
802.3.

Ethernet

IEEE 802.3.

Ethernet,
1
.

Ethernet,
Ethernet
.

, , .

, .

, ,
, ,
.

, .

1. , .
-
, .

1.1.
-TX - ,
1 Ethernet 10/100/1000Base-T
, .
.

E1 - TDM-over-packet (TDMoP). :
1. E1
2. , 1 Ethernet,

3. , , , ,
1
4. 1

5. E1 .
, PDH SDH, Voice-over-IP (VoIP).
TDMoP PDH E1 ,
.
, SDH, - 1
.
VoIP , E1 - , 1
ITU-T G.703. , .
. , ,
G.703, ,
.

1.1.1.
-
1 (G.703, G.704)
Ethernet, ,
IP, .

Ethernet-
, MDI/MDI-X, . , 1 ,
, 1 .

20 ( 120 ) .
TDM-over-packet Ethernet IP
, QoS ( 802.3ac
IPv4 TOS).
-TX , IP
Ethernet , . , .
Ethernet/IP 1
.
- :
;
;
1 Ethernet-.

;
;

;
Ethernet/IP/MPLS;

1.1.2.
- :
(
), ( ) 1.
, 1, , , ..
9

1 - Ethernet
.
1 2- 3- .
1 Wi-Fi.
TDM
.
1ppm.
, 1, VLAN ( 802.1 p&Q) .
Type of Service (ToS) IP , 1 .
1 ,
, .
, 1, Ethernet .
1 Ethernet .
( ) Ethernet 10/100 Base-T.
.
Ethernet
.
Ethernet 1.
RS-232.
telnet,
snmp, ftp, http.
.
1.
RS-232 ( ).
XModem FTP.
.
.

1.1.3.
G.703, G.704, G.706, G.823, ANSI T1.102,
ANSI T1.403, G.824, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3D, IEEE 802.1 p&Q.

1.1.4.
36..72 (1872 ), 220 .
.
TX19G24 TX19G32 12 .
1

1.0.7.0

10

, ,
. , 4.4 . ( 100 ) . TX19G24 TX19G32
+12 , ,
11..14.5 30 . , , .

1.1.5.
- :

E1

100BaseTX

1000BaseTX

Fiber Optic

-48

2-4

2-4

0-2 100BaseBX

-10

2-8

2-4

0-2 100BaseBX

-19

16-24

0-2 100BaseBX

-10G

2-8

2-4

2 SFP

-19G

16-24

2 SFP

-10G24

0-4

24

2 SFP

-10G32

0-4

32

2 SFP

-10G16

0-4

16

6 SFP

1.1.6.
-
:

()

0.5, 1, 3

RJ12 -> DB9



AC 220V DC 48V

1.1.7.
- : 22517040 ,
21515043 ,
19 43025043 . , .

11

Sprinter TX -10 .

Sprinter TX -10 .

Sprinter TX -19 .
S
p
r
i
n
t
e
r
Sprinter TX - 48 .

Sprinter TX - 48 .
48V DC , ,
220V AC, , .

1.2.
, : (), 1 , Ethernet 2- .
, :

12

;
1 ;
1 Ethernet;
;
;

telnet, HTTP, SNMP.
AC 220V

Reset

MEM

DC 36-72V

Ethernet 100Base-FX

Clock

SC
SC

E1 G.703 interfaces

RJ45
RJ45
RJ45

MII

Ethernet

2-

Ethernet 100Base-TX
RJ45
RJ45

UART 1,2

RJ45

RJ45
Serial interfaces

FLASH

RJ12

.
E1 . ( , ,
) 1 .
128 1024 , 4 32 G.704. , . , ,
( )
VLAN ,
1 , , , .
, ,
, Ethernet,
.
LP
OS. -, .

RS-232, TCP/IP FTP.
13


IP .

1.2.1. 1
1 (2048 /) (PDH). . , , AMI (Alternate Mark Inversion) HDB3 (High
Density Bipolar 3), . , . , (bit
error rate BER) .
1 . ,
32 64 /.
(frame) 1 32 , 0 31. -
: (FAS Frame Alignment Signal)
NFAS (Not contain Frame Alignment Signal),
. - , (FAS)
-31. -31 , ISDN.
- 16-
(A, B, C, D)
(MFAS MultiFrame Alignment Signal),
(MFAS) -30. 16
, 30
. -30 .
-30 -31 1, , . .
. 1, , .

1.2.1.1.

-TX 1 (, IP Ethernet).
, , ,
1.
1 Ethernet IP
, . , TDM E1
32 64 /.
, 1 32 - (), : , . ,
1 . ,
,
TCP. TCP , ,
.
, ,
.
() :
Ethernet (14-18 ), UDP IP (8+20 ),
14

TDMoP (4 ) FCS (4 ). 50
IP/UDP 22 (+4 VLAN ). 256- . - , 125 .

1 , 15- 8 /, IP-.
, , TDM,
-, , . 1, , , 1 (. .
). Fractional E1,
IP- .
32- -.
:
(in-band), (CAS) (CCS).

, . (,
DTMF MFCR2) E1oIP
. CAS 1, ( 16- -),
. E1oIP . 7
QSIG, 64-/ . (-) 1. E1oIP.
( ) 1 . ,
Ethernet- ( IP-), , . IP-
TDM , . - 1 .
1.2.1.2.

1 , (,
)
,
, .
:
E1 . 128 1024 , 4 32 G.704. ,
, ,
.
, . ,
.
.
20 ,
.
15

.
1-2
(ppm).

E1 .

1.2.1.3.

1, .

, 1
, VLAN , .
.. 1
, 1
, IP 1
.
.
. , , , listen mode.
:
:
VLAN ID
. VLAN,
. 0 4095, 0 VLAN
VLAN Priority

6- 7- ,
1, ,
VLAN. , 1 Ethernet.
Compressed
/ . ,
, , , , , .
Keyframe interval

(..
() ).
IP ToS byte
IP TOS ,
.
ToS (Type of Service) - , IP ( 3) : "PRECEDENCE",
, " TOS", 16

, , , ,
"MBZ", .
RFC791, RFC1349 RFC2474.
( ) ToS IP.
:
101 IP PRECEDENCE 1000 TOS 10110000, .. D0.
Payload size, bytes
( 128),
256.
, , . .
.
:
Jitter buffer
, .
, . , 2.5 6.5 , 4 , . ,
, . , ,
.
Maximum gap
M ( ,
Ethernet )
1. 0 4000.
Out frequency source
1, 1
; -1 (
) .
:
Left slip bound, bits
Right slip bound, bits
- ( ).
(.. ,
-) .
Pkt's number for slip add
- (
-).
Pkt's number for slip rem
- ( -).

.
e1setup.
E1
, IP .

.
:
e1setup < > [-d|-e|-r|-l|-i IP [-k] <
>] [-z] [ ]

:
17

1 .
, :
1:0-31
1:0,1,2,5
1:1-20
, , 0-31
:
d

-b
-c

-e

-f

-h

i
j

l
n
o

p
q


(
);

Ethernet- ( 1
32, 10);
, , ;
(yes) (no) PRBS 15 ;
(yes) (no) E1
; , ;
;
,
, , (
);
,
( 10 300000) (keyframe
);
0 4000 ( 1000);
1 , .
, ,
.
IP , ;
2 512 ; 4;
, pure
Ethernet IP/UDP ;
, , .
;
;
VLAN ID 802.1p
,
0 7; 6;

32 1454; 526;
IP ToS
, 0 FF;
;
18

;

( );

;
VLAN ID 802.1p , 1 4095. 0 ; 32;
1,
1 ; -1 ( ) ;
;

;

-reset
s

u
v

-y
z

:
E1 E1 : LPOS_1 c IP- 192.168.0.21 LPOS_2 IP-
192.168.0.22.
LPOS_1 > e1setup 1 i 192.168.0.22 1
LPOS_2 > e1setup 1 -i 192.168.0.21 1

HTTP.
,
:
E1 state -> Configuration
IP , , Destination

1.2.2. STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)


Spanning Tree Protocol , OSI. ,
(. Radia Perlman).
STP Ethernet
, .
. IEEE 802.1D.
1.2.2.1.

STP

1.
19

2. . . !
3.
. , , . .
4. , . ( ) .
1.2.2.2.

STP

, - (!) (root).
Hello
BPDU 2 .
Hello BPDU , root, .. .
root port designated port .
Hello- 20 , .

1.2.3. Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP)


Rapid STP (RSTP) STP,

.
STP: , , , ( ) ( ). ,
.
,
, , .
1.2.3.1.

RSTP

RSTP ethmod
-p
:
ethmode <port number> [-p no|rstp]

:
-p

: no, rstp;

RSTP rstp .
:
rstp [<port number>] [-i port priority] [-e yes|no] [-c port cost]
[-p yes|no|auto] [-g no|yes]

:
-i

port priority, , 20

0 240, 128;
-e

edge port ; ,
, ;


10

Mb/s: Cost=2 000 000

100

Mb/s: Cost=200 000

1000 Mb/s: Cost=20 000


-p

/ -;

-g

/ Root Guard.

-z

RSTP , rstpbridge.
:
rstpbridge [-p bridge priority] [-f forward delay] [-h hello time]
[-a max message age] [-b no|dis|pdown] [-m minutes]

:
-p

bridge priority, ; 0 61440, 32768;

-f

Forwarding ( );
4 30, 15 ( 1.0.7.7SR6
4);

-h

BPDU ( );
1 10, 2 ( 1.0.7.7SR6 1);

-a

( );
6 40, 8 ( 1.0.7.7SR6 6).

-b

untrusted: no , dis , pdown


Power down ;

-m

BPDU (0 ).

1.2.4. Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP)


Multiple STP (MSTP) STP, . MSTP (VLAN) . MST
.
MSTP IEEE 802.1w (RSTP)
STP. , VLAN. 802.1s MSTP 802.1Q.
MSTP 802.1D STP 802.1w Rapid
Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP), STP VLAN VLAN
(spanning tree).
.

21

. , ..
( ) , ,
.
MSTP : VLAN .
IEEE 802.1s.
MSTP STP 802.1q VLAN. VLAN STP, , .
MSTP .
( ) MSTP RSTP .
1.2.4.1.

MSTP.

MSTP MSTP
MST.
MSTP . STP VLAN.
, MST
:
1.
2.
3. VLAN STP
1.2.4.2.

MSTP.

3 , . 2 VLAN
VID 10 20. 1 VLAN 10 20 , VLAN 10 20 .
,
VLAN.
STP.
3 STP,
1 2 . VLAN 20
. ,
VLAN 10 20 , STP .

22

802.1S :
VLAN 10 MSTP 1, VLAN 20 2.
.. STP.
3 MSTP 2 1 2.
802.1D STP, VLAN 10.
VLAN 20 .
, MSTP 2 2
1 3
VLAN 20.
, :
VLAN
.

23

1.2.4.3.

MSTP

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

STP .
STP MSTP. ( RSTP)
MSTP .
VLAN.
STP , .
32768. , . ,
MAC, .
6. , VLAN, .
7. .
, 1.0.7.10.

1.2.5. IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol


)
, ,

,
. - Internet Group Management
Protocol (IGMP) -
. IGMP , "".
, . IGMP
, . , , ,
, . , . , .
1.2.5.1.

IGMP

IGMP . IGMPv2, .
IGMPv2 : , .
, (. 1).

. 1. IGMP
1.2.5.2.

2. IGMP ( 2) .
24

. 2. IGMP
. 8 , 7.1. , .
7.1. IGMP

0x11 00010001

0x16 00010110

0x17 00010111

. 8 ,
. ; , 100, 10 .
, .
.

. 16 , . 8- .

. "0" . groupid ( ) ,
.
1.2.5.3.

IGMP

IGMP . , ,
.
,
, . ,
, ,
(groupids) .
.
, , ( ) . , , ,
, . ,
.
.
1.2.5.4.

.
, . , .
. , . ,
25

, ;
.
, , . ,
. , , ,
, . ,
, , .
7.3. , .

. 7.3.
, ,
. ,
, .
1.2.5.5.

IGMP

IGMP- ethmod -i
:
ethmode <port number> [-i no|yes]

:
-i

/ IGMP snooping;

IGMP-
igmp
:
igmp [-d] [-e] [-f ports] [-r ports] [-s ports] [-v VLAN] [-z][-d][-e][-f][-a]

:
-d
-e
-f

IGMP snooping;
IGMP snooping;
, fast leave ;

-q

, Fast
Leave
, -
, -

-r
-s
v

-z

VLAN ID 802.1p
multicast (MVR ), 1 4095. 0 ;

:
26

multicast 1232.
LPOS > igmp e v 1232

1.2.6. DHCP
DHCP - TCP/IP, IP-. ( " IP-", Automatic IP Address Assignment,
, , AIAA , ,
). TCP/IP
- IP-,
. IP-.
, ,
. ,
. DHCP "",
IP-, .
Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) Domain Name Service
(DNS),
IP- WINS DNS-.
, .
. - DHCP- , IP- . , ,
.
1.2.6.1.

DHCP ( TX19G24 TX19G32)

DHCP relay option 82


ethmod r
:
ethmode <port number> [-r no|yes]

:
-r

/ DHCP relay;

DHCP relay option 82 dhcprelay


:
dhcprelay [-d] [-e] [-i IP|-f]
no|dis|pdown] [-v VLAN] [-z]

[-t

ports]

[-u

ports]

[-m

minutes]

[b

:
-d
-s

DHCP ;

-e

DHCP ;

-i

IP- DHCP-, ;

-t

trusted () ;

-u

untrusted () ;

-m

untrusted DHCP
;

-b

untrusted: no
, dis , pdown

IP ;

27

Power down ;
-f

DHCP-;

VLAN ID 802.1p ,
1 4095. 0
;

-z

:
DHCP 192.168.1.1.
LPOS > dhcprelay e i 192.168.1.1
ok

1.2.7. SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol )


TCP/IP.

SNMP -

,
, , , . SNMP Internet. SNMP
( , , ),
.
SNMP
. , , . SNMP
(
, , ).
GET, GETNEXT GETBULK.
, TRAP INFORM. ,
SET .
,
. .
SNMP .
( )
(. Management Information Bases (MIBs)).
1.2.7.1.

SNMP

snmpcom
snmp community.
:
snmpcom [-r read community] [-w write community] [-t trap community] [-z]

:
read community

(
public);

write community

(
28

public);
trap community

trap' (
public);

-z

:
snmp community.
LPOS > snmpcom public specific trap

snmptrapip
snmp trap.
:
snmptrapip [ip] [-d|-e] [-z]

:
ip

IP send traps;

-d

traps;

-e

traps;

-z

:
snmp traps.
LPOS > snmptrapip 192.168.0.1 -e

1.2.8. VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) .


VLAN LAN, VLAN, .
, , 802.1Q.
1.2.8.1.

VLAN

, ,

-
1-2 .

,
(,
)
VLAN
(GVRP)
ISL ,
( )
IEEE 802.1Q ,
( ) 802.3ab, 802.3u .

29

plug-n-play ( )
1.2.8.2.

VLAN VLAN,
. (, 1-5,7 VLAN 3,
6,9-12 VLAN 2). VLAN VLAN.
VLAN 1 (Native VLAN, Default VLAN)
. (
VLAN) , , VLAN 1. VLAN
.
VLAN,
IEEE 802.1Q. , Cisco ISL (InterSwitch Link, IEEE 802.10) VLT (Virtual LAN Trunk), 3Com. ISL
Cisco.
VLAN
Ethernet, . Ethernet- , VLAN ( MAC).
, VLAN ( VLAN Hopping)
.
(2-) OSI. VLAN
IP- , . ,
VLAN /, (. Policy based VLAN).
1.2.8.3.

VLAN

VLAN ,
VLAN , (, ).
VLAN-: -. ( Cisco : Link
Aggregation, Port Trunking). ( )
(backbone) VLAN.
Cisco, VTP (VLAN Trunking Protocol)
VLAN- . VTP
, VLAN ,
VLAN-.
1.2.8.4.

Native VLAN

Native VLAN , (Native VLAN), VLAN, .


1.2.8.5.

VLAN

30

(Port-based, 802.1Q): VLAN.


, VLAN (,
VLAN ), . VLAN , VLAN ( 3Com - untagged, Cisco - access mode).
VLAN
. VLAN .
, VLAN. ,
,
( VLAN). , VLAN , .
MAC- (MAC-based): VLAN MAC-
. MAC-
VLAN, .
(Protocol-based): 3-4
VLANe. , IP
VLAN, AppleTalk .
, , , , IPv4
IPv6 .
(Authentication based): VLAN
802.1x
1.2.8.6.

VLAN

ethmod
VLAN ethmod v.

m.

:
ethmode <port number> [-m mode] [-v VLAN]

:
-m

: down, trunk, multi, access, qinq;

-v

VLAN;


:
down

trunk

milti

access

qinq

double tagging.

VLAN ipconfig v.
:
ipconfig [-v VLAN]

:
-v

VLAN (0 );

VLAN
vlan
:
vlan [VLAN ID] [-n name] [-d] [-p ports_list] [-t ports_list]
[-u ports_list] [-b db] [-s] [-z]

31

:
-n

VLAN ID;

-d

VLAN;

-p

, VLAN; ;
VLAN ID ,
VLAN, ;

, VLAN; ;

-u

, VLAN; ;

-s

VLAN ID;

:
VLAN 100 0,2,3
LPOS > vlan 100 -p 0,2,3
#
0
1
2

VID
1
32
100

name
Eth port
E1 stream
user

0
M
M
M

1
M
M

2
M
M
M

3
M
M
M

cpu slv
M
M
M
M

VLAN, 1,2
LPOS > vlan -p 2,3
port 1
member vlans

: 1,32

port 2

1.3.
:
E1

120

RJ-45

2.048 / +-50 ppm

-18 102 - 2048

HDB3

G.704

G.823

2.5 ,

Minimal header Ethernet, TDMoP (UDP


41000)

PDV

0-800 ()

Ethernet
32

Auto-negotiating 10/100 /c Auto


MDI/MDI-X RJ45

IEEE 802.3, 802.3u, 10 BaseT, 100BaseTX

100 /c ( 1)

2048 MAC

0-100/,

VLAN QoS

802.1p, 802.1q

1 ,2

IEEE802.3 100BaseBX


SMF 9/125, G.652

SC

-12 , 0

0 -32

1310 / 1550

, 2

RS232 115 /c, ANSI

telnet, , SNMP v1, HTTP

IP

2730 , , ,
5

-36 72
-18 72 2
220 (+10% -15%) 50 3

2
3

TX-48

4 6

TX-10

4 6

TX-19

7 10

TX-19G24

15 20

TX-19G32

20 25

TX-19G24 TX-19G32

,
12 ,
2 100 ( 2.5..3
)

11..14.5
2.5

.
.

33

TX-19G24 TX-19G32

,
TX-48

225 () 165 () x 40 ()

TX-10

215 () 150 () x 44 ()

TX-19

430 () 150 () x 44 ()

TX-19G24

430 () 150 () x 44 ()

TX-19G32

430 () 150 () x 44 ()

,
TX-48

0.55

TX-10

1.2

TX-19

+5 +35 , 5 80%

-30 +70 , 5 95%

1.4.
- :
(. . 1.3);
;

220 ( );
A-006 RJ-45 DB9;
;
.

34

2.

1 - UDP/IP.

2.1.
( )
SC , RJ-45
Ethernet, , 1 . .3.2-3.4.

220, -48, , .3.5-3.6.

.
,
.

2.2.
.
RJ-45 G.703

1, 2

3, 6

RJ-12 RS-232
TxD

RxD

GND

3, 4

2.3.
. 35

, 6.7. , , .

2.3.1.
passwd admin.
18 . .
admin.
LPOS > passwd
Enter old password
Enter new password
Enter new password again

2.3.2. IP
telnet
LAN . IP
192.168.0.24 255.255.255.0. , .
ping. telnet ,
admin, admin.
LPOS>

.
, ? TAB .
ipconfig, IP ,
, .
-s , , :
ipconfig a 192.168.0.24 m 255.255.255.0 g 192.168.0.1 s

( 1 8, 8 1 ) IP . , 1 .
-19 24 1 , 192.168.0.21
192.168.0.22 192.168.0.23. :
ipconfig a 192.168.0.21 m 255.255.255.0 g 192.168.0.1 s
ipconfig b 192.168.0.22 n 1 -s
ipconfig b 192.168.0.23 n 2 s

, ,
. , ,

1 .
IP-. hosts , . -s , ,
:
hosts
hosts
hosts
hosts
hosts

g
l
p
a
d

s
-
s
- ,
s
- , ( 5 )
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx s
-
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx s
-

36

2.3.3. G.703.
E1 , .
G.703.
G.703 1 :
e1setup port_1 -i ip_2 -v id port_2

2 .
e1setup port_2 -i ip_1 -v id port_1

port_1

E1 1, TDM;

port_2

E1 2, TDM.

ip_1

IP- 1;

ip_2

IP- 2;

Id

VLAN, , TDM. TDM;


6.7.
,
reset.
E1 , , 6.5.

2.4.
/mnt/cfg.sys 6.7 , . mnt Xmodem FTP,
7. show /mnt/cfg.sys.
, ( ), :
1. 2.3.2 ,
,
AUX . AUX
3.4.5. , ,
Ethernet , AUX
.
2. FTP . IP- 192.168.0.24.
,
Xmodem, - HyperTerminal.
115200 , 8 , 1 -, . Enter.
(login) (password) admin.
admin.
37

3. cfg.sys mnt . mnt


cfg.sys;
upload /mnt/cfg.sys <len>, <len> ,
cfg.sys Xmodem.
6. , reset.

2.5.
, IP , .., .
. , , , .
, .
2-3 . ,
.

2.6.

2.6.1. ( )
1:
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.21 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,1,2,3 -i 192.168.0.22 0,1,2,3

2:
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.22 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,1,2,3 -i 192.168.0.21 0,1,2,3

2.6.2. (IP )
1:
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.21 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,1,2,3 -i 192.168.0.22 v 0 q 28 0,1,2,3

2:
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.22 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,1,2,3 -i 192.168.0.21 v 0 q 28 0,1,2,3

2.6.3.
3- RSTP.

1:
ethmode 0 -p rstp
ethmode 1 -p rstp
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.21 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,2 -i 192.168.0.22 0,2
e1setup 1,3 I 192.168.0.23 0,2

38

2:
ethmode 1 -p rstp
ethmode 0 -p rstp
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.22 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,2 -i 192.168.0.21 0,2
e1setup 1,3 -i 192.168.0.23 1,3

3:
ethmode 0 -p rstp
ethmode 1 -p rstp
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.23 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,2 -i 192.168.0.21 1,3
e1setup 1,3 -i 192.168.0.22 1,3

2.6.4.
-
1: (IP-: 192.168.0.21):
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.21 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,1 -i 192.168.0.22 0,1
e1setup 2,3 -i 192.168.0.23 0,1

2: (IP-: 192.168.0.22):
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.22 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,1 -i 192.168.0.21 0,1

3: (IP-: 192.168.0.23):
ipconfig -a 192.168.0.23 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1
hosts -g
e1setup 0,1 -i 192.168.0.21 2,3

39

3.
3.1.
.
19 .
,
.
.
5
5
.
+5 +30 80%, .

RJ-45 E1 Ethernet, .
3.2.

, .2.5-2.6.

3.2.
.

3.2.1.
-48 , -36...72 (-18-72 ).
. .
.
40

.
,
.

3.2.2.
TX19G24 TX19G32 12 .

Phoenix.
2 100 GROUND (

+12VDC BATTERY ( ). GROUND


.
. 100
, , . 2
,
.

0.6..0.7 . .
.
. 11 .
, , .
( 3..6 ) , (
6 ).

3.2.3.
TX19G24 TX19G32
, 11..14.5 .
Phoenix,
+12 VDC. , GND, , , +12 V,
. , EMPTY, .
, , 14.4
, 11
. 2.5 .
3 . .

/ . ,
.

41

3.2.4. 1
E1
2048 /, G.703. , 120 . E1 RJ-45, . UTP STP,
.
1

TD+

()

TD-

()

TD+

()

TD-

()

E1 LINK FAIL, RJ-45. ,


50 ppm
G.703.

3.2.5. Ethernet 100Base-TX


Ethernet 10/100BaseTX
10 100 /
IEEE802.3. Ethernet RJ-45,
. Ethernet UTP STP 5. .
1

TD+

()

TD-

()

TD+

()

TD-

()

Ethernet LINK ACT, RJ-45. LINK , Ethernet. ACT


.

3.2.6. Ethernet 1000Base-T


Ethernet 10/100/1000BaseT 10, 100 1000 / IEEE802.3. Ethernet RJ-45, . Ethernet
UTP STP 5. .

42

TD+

( 1)

TD-

( 1)

TD+

( 2)

TD+

( 3)

TD-

( 3)

TD-

( 2)

TD+

( 4)

TD-

( 4)

Ethernet LINK ACT, RJ-45. LINK , Ethernet. ACT


.

3.2.7. SFP
SFP (. Small Form-factor
Pluggable) ,
.

(, ) ,
.

3.2.8.
SC , FIBER BN FIBER BL. NT LT 100BaseBX. BN
1550 , 1310 . BL 1310 , 1550 .
FIBER
. 9/125, G.652.

Ethernet ,
- LINK FAIL. LINK ,
Ethernet. FAIL .

3.2.9. (Console)
, , USB RS-232.
USB (. Universal Serial Bus) , . USB .
, Internet.

43

RS-232 - 15 . , 5, .
.
RS-232 :
1. RJ-12;
2. RJ-45;
3. DB-9M;
4. AUB-33 (MiniJack).

, .

3.2.9.1.

RJ-12

-48

-10

RJ-12

RJ-45

DB-9M

AUB33

3,4

4,5

115
/

115
/

115
/

115
/

RJ-12 DB-9, . 3 .

, MiniJack,


, GND .

44

3.2.10. AUX
AUX, RS-232.
RS-232 :

1. RJ-12;
2. DB-9F.

45

3.2.10.1.

DB-9F

RJ-12

DB-9F

3,4

115 /

115 /

RJ12

46

4. .
4.1.
+5 C, .
:
1. , ,
.
2. (. 3.4). .
3. . ( .)
5. .
2. 6.
6.
. (
) , 3.7.2, 3.9.1.2
3.9.2.2. .
. .

4.2. .
-
. , .

, , .
.
E1 - ( ).
. , - , , telnet
FTP.
:
( , , );
;

;
.

4.3. .
SYST
. SYST
:
47


SYST

System ID

SYST ,
. . 2.6 .
, FAIL LINK,
.

LINK

FAIL

( )

Ethernet , LINK ACT, RJ-45 .



Ethernet

LINK

ACT

E1 , LINK FAIL, RJ-45 .


, ,
E1.

E1

E1


LINK


FAIL

(
Power down)

48

(
Listen)

RAI


( )


(
)


( )


(
)

4.4.
.
/mnt/cfg.sys 6.7 , . . mnt
Xmodem FTP, 7.

show /mnt/cfg.sys.
, , cfg.sys. mnt
- .

4.4.1.
, , . :
dev
49

mnt
o

kernel.bin

kernel.bkb

fwXXX.rbf

log

cfg.sys

menu

htdocs

svc
sys

/mnt. :
kernel.bin

. . . .

.

kernel.bkb

.
kernel.bin.

fwXXX.rbf

. . XXX
.

log

. . .

menu

. ,
.
.

cfg.sys

. ,
.
, . ,
.
, ,
ipconfig IP , e1setup E1.

htdocs

, , http .

4.4.2.
FTP Xmodem .

50

4.4.2.1.

FTP

FTP-,
.
FTP-. (passive mode). , Internet Explorer
: Tools->Internet Options->Advanced->Use passive FTP; Total Commander
FTP Use passive mode for
transfers. FTP
admin.
4.4.2.2.

Xmodem


USB- ( RJ-12, RJ-45, DB-9M AUB-33)
, ( COM-1, COM-2
COM- ). (, HyperTerminal) : VT100, , 8 , 1 -, 115200 /.
,
. ( )
upload , . , .
.
,
.
. cfg.sys 177
HyperTerminal.
LPOS > upload /mnt/cfg.sys 177

Transfer->Send file-> cfg.sys Xmodem


- .

4.4.3.
,
,
.
, . : admin oper1 oper2.
, .
:

admin

admin

oper1

oper1

oper2

oper2


passwd.
18 .

51

,
. 2.5 (, )
, 1-2 .
. , IP
192.168.0.24, 255.255.255.0.
/mnt/config.sys . ,
. config.sys ( ) .

4.5.
.

4.5.1.
.
. .
date
time, SNMP .

4.5.2.
,
.
setdevname,
SNMP .

4.5.3.
Ethernet ,
. MAC , IP , .
MAC-, . MAC-
.
MAC , IP , setmac ipconfig , SNMP .

4.5.4.
(
).
52

IP-, ( ), . hosts, SNMP


.

4.5.5.
, telnet ftp . 15 timeout. .

4.6. E1
E1 ITU-T
G.703.
, , ,
E1 2048 /,
G.703. ,
120 .
E1 . e1setup.
,
Ethernet, E1 Ethernet,
IP. . , E1, ,

Ethernet MAC- . E1 IP-
E1, , VLAN
, E1.
.
TDM-,
802.1p 802.1Q.
TDM. .
,
- . MAC- IP E1.
.
1
, .
.
, , e1stat 0,2,3. -, , :
: - ( - ) -
, e1stat 0:0-16 e1stat 1:0,1,16.
- , 32 -.

53

4.7. Ethernet
Ethernet - IEEE
802.3.
Ethernet 10/100/1000BaseT
10,100 1000 /
IEEE802.3.Ethernet- ,
.
! Ethernet
Ethernet
, !

! 1 Ethernet
BER !
ethmode ,
VLAN, , , .
.
:
down

trunk

, ;

multi

; , , . , , 3- , ;

access

. VLAN ID . , , , VLAN ID;

qinq

double tagging. , VLAN ID,


.

4.8.
E1, ,
Ethernet .

. ,
.
Ethernet-
ethmode
master, slave. e1virtual
E1 - .
:
master MAC-
5A-00-3b-33-05-72 slave MAC- 5A-00-3b-33-05-73.
54

master > e1virtual 4,5,6,7 -m 5A-00-3b-33-05-73 0,1,2,3


slave > e1virtual 0,1,2,3 -m 5A-00-3b-33-05-72 4,5,6,7

4.9.
,
, RS-232
AUX (. .6.1)

. 6.1. RS-232 .

COM (, Lantronix ComPort
Redirector, ), IP
, , TCP
8000 (RAW). Lantronix ComPort
Redirector . 6.2
RS232 (// ) sersetup.

AUX
DB9(M)

RJ12

Rx

Tx

GND

55

5. .
,
,
.
, . : admin oper1 oper2.
, .
:

admin

Admin

oper1

oper1

oper2

oper2

.

, .2.6, , ANSI Xmodem , , Hyperterminal Windows.
115000 /,
8 , , . , , , , :
LPOS>
,
.
IP telnet.
Ethernet
.2.4 , .
telnet, , Hyperterminal Windows. IP , hosts ,
,
IP . ( IP ), , . ping .
telnet ANSI .
telnet
, :
LPOS>
,
.
, telnet .
15
timeout.
FTP. FTP, , Internet Explorer.
passive mode ( IE Tools > Internet Options > Ad56

vanced > Use passive mode). /mnt


, . ,
.

5.1. .
, () telnet.
,
.3.5, telnet. <CR>.
, help ?
,

? _<CR> help _<CR>


/mnt/cfg.sys, , .
.

5.1.1.
, :
[ | ] [ []]
:

, .

, IP-, , MAC-, , ,
.

- .

, .
:
<> ;
[] ;
| ;
.
:
, ,
.
IP- A.B.C.D , .
A.B.C.D ,
.
MAC- HH-HH-HH-HH-HH-HH , - .
. , () ().

5.1.2.
. 6.2 , .
. 6.2. .
57

syntax error: invalid parameter

syntax error: omitted parameter

syntax error: invalid type

syntax error: missed value

syntax error: invalid delimeter

privileged comand: no
rights enough

su
admin

is not recognized as a
command

?
.

open error

5.1.3. .
, , ..

help
, . (
/mnt/help.txt )
:
[] TAB

menu
/mnt/menu
. , Esc .
:
menu [menu file]

:
file

defmenu
, d , , d .
:
defmenu [-d]

:
-d

.
58

cls
.
:
cls

date
( - ) , . . , DD.MM.YY
, DD , MM , YY , .
:
date [DD.MM.YY]

:
7 2007 .
LPOS > date 07.11.07
The current date is: 07.11.07

time
.
.
. , HH:MM:SS, HH
, MM , SS , .
0 24. .
NTP .
:
time [HH:MM[:SS]] [-z time zone] [-i IP] [-s] [-a no|yes][-p days]

:
-z

, ;

-i

IP ;

-s

-a

/ ,
.

-p

( 1 30). 7.

:
15 5 .
LPOS > time 15:05 z 6
The current time is : 15:05:00 (GMT+06:00)
Internet time server: 62.149.2.1
Next synchronization: 30.09.07

.
LPOS > time -s
The current time is : 15:05:37 (GMT+06:00)
Internet time server: 62.149.2.1
Next synchronization: 30.09.07

passwd
59

(
).
18 . . admin .
:
passwd [ ]

:
oper1 admin.
LPOS > passwd oper1
Enter old password
Enter new password
Enter new password again

reset
. .
:
reset

activate
(yes) (no) .
:
activate [-t (no|yes)] [-r (no|yes)] [-h (no|yes)] [-s (no|yes)] [-f (no|yes)]

:
-t

telnet ;

-r

rs232 ;

-h

http ;

-s

snmp ;

-f

ftp .

:
snmp.
LPOS > activate -s yes

snmpcom
snmp community.
SNMPv1. (Community-based Security Model). , , , SNMP .
:
snmpcom [-r read community] [-w write community] [-t trap community] [-z]

:
read community

(
public);

write community

(
public);
60

trap community

trap' (
public);

-z

:
snmp community.
LPOS > snmpcom public specific trap

snmptrapip
snmp trap.
:
snmptrapip [ip] [-d|-e] [-z]

:
ip

IP send traps;

-d

traps;

-e

traps;

-z

:
snmp traps.
LPOS > snmptrapip 192.168.0.1 -e

setdevname
, . .
:
setdevname < > [-z]

:
-z

:
Gate_1.
LPOS > setdevname Gate_1
Gate_1 >

setdevloc
.
.
:
setdevloc <> [-z]

:
-z

su
, .
61

:
su < >

:
admin.
LPOS > su admin
Enter password
LPOS >

timeout
( 0, ),
telnet . , .
s telnet ( ).
:
timeout [-s] []
-s

:
, 20 , .
LPOS > timeout -s 20
timeout is 20 min

whoami
(admin, user1, user2).
:
whoami

exit
. telnet
.
:
exit

ver
:
System ID

ID ;

Hardware version

Bootloader version

Software version

Firmware version

1 ;

Environment probe version

:
ver

stats
.
:
62

stats

:
LPOS > stats
The current date&time
System ID
Hardware version
Software version
Firmware version
Bootloader version
Environment probe version

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Case Temperature
Physical Address
System uptime

: 32.875C
: 5A-00-3B-17-F6-AB
: 3 days 0 hours 10 mins

26.10.07 13:23:58
TXABF61700
354.1.00
LP ARM OS 1.0.7.7 SR 6 (Oct 19 2007)
4.19
v 1.0.0.9
4.1

E1 channels equipped
: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Ethernet channels equipped: 2, 3
Feature block
: RHSFMT

Feature block ,
:
R RS-232;
H HTTP;
S SNMP;
F FTP;
M ( menu);
T telnet.

exec
, filename.
:
exec <filename> [-s]

:
-s

5.1.4. .
.

cd

<dirname>
dirname (
/, . .. ,
).
:
cd

<dirname>

:
mnt .
LPOS > cd mnt

ls
.
:
ls

pwd
63

.
:
pwd

show
.
:
show <filename>

:
cfg.sys.
LPOS > show /mnt/cfg.sys
ipconfig -a 192.168.111.21 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.111.1
hosts -g
e1setup 1 -m 5A-00-3b-33-05-73 -v 0 1
e1setup 2 -m 5A-00-3b-33-05-74 -v 0 1

mkdir
dirname
:
mkdir

<dirname>

:
htdocs.
LPOS > mkdir htdocs

delete
filename.
:
delete

<filename>

:
cfg_old.txt.
LPOS > delete /mnt/cfg_old.txt

upload
( , XModem ) XModem, .
.
:
upload <filaname> <len>

:
startup.cmd 208 mnt.
LPOS > upload /mnt/startup.cmd 208
CCCCwrite 208

tftpsend
TFTP .
:
tftpsend <filaname> <tftp server IP> [-r remote file name]

:
64

filaname

tftp

tftp server IP

IP

-r

, tftp .
,

:
startup.cmd TFTP 192.168.0.23.
LPOS > tftpsend /mnt/startup.cmd 192.168.0.23

tftpget
TFTP, .
:
tftpget <filaname> <tftp server IP> [-r remote file name]

filaname

tftp ( )

tftp server IP

IP

-r

, tftp .
,

:
startup.cmd mnt, TFTP
special.cmd.
LPOS > tftpget /mnt/startup.cmd 192.168.0.23 -r special.cmd

uploadboot
XModem,
. .
! !
:
uploadboot

setboot
.
! !
:
setboot

<filename>

testfs

:
testfs [-c]

:
65

-c

5.1.5. Ethernet TCP/IP.



Ethernet. Ethernet , .

setmac
MAC HH-HH-HH-HH-HH-HH,
. .
MAC-
. MAC-. MAC
arp d *
MAC IP .
! MAC-
.
:
setmac [MAC|-d] [-z] [-s]

:
-d

MAC ;

-s

, ;

:
MAC- 5A-00-3b-33-05-73.
LPOS > setmac 5A-00-3b-33-05-73
Physical Address . . . : 5A-00-3B-33-05-73
Ok

ipconfig
IP- , .
.
.
.
( 1 8, 8 1 ) IP . , 1 .
-19 24 1 192.168.0.21,
192.168.0.22 192.168.0.23. :
ipconfig a 192.168.0.21 m 255.255.255.0 g 192.168.0.1 s
ipconfig b 192.168.0.22 n 1 -s
ipconfig b 192.168.0.23 n 2 s

, ,
. , ,

1 .

! IP- telnet- .

66

:
ipconfig [a <IP >] [-b <IP slave->] [-n slave][-m < >] [-g < >] [-v VLAN] [-p vlan
PRI] [-s] [z] [-r] [-i]

:
-a

IP- ;

-b

IP slave- (
);

-n

slave-, IP
-b ( );

-m

-g

IP- ;

-v

VLAN (0 );

-p

, VLAN ;

-s

, ;

-r

IP DHCP.

-i

IP .

:
IP- 192.168.0.24;
255.255.255.0;
IP- 192.168.0.1.
:
IP-, , .
LPOS > ipconfig -a
LPOS > ipconfig
Physical Address .
IP Address . . . .
Subnet Mask. . . .
Default Gateway. .

192.168.0.21 -m 255.255.255.0 -g 192.168.0.1


.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

:
:
:
:

5A-00-3B-33-05-71
192.168.0.21
255.255.255.0
192.168.0.1

hosts
IP , (trusted hosts),
. .
.
.
! telnet-

, .
:
hosts [-g|-l|-p][a <IP address>[-m <IP mask>]] [d <IP address>] [-r yes|no] [-f
yes|no][-s][-z]

:
-g

- ;

67

-l

- , ;

-p

- , ;

-r

(yes) (no) ping;

-f

(yes) (no) FTP ;

-s

, ;

-m

,
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx ( a).

:
IP- 192.168.0.15.
LPOS > hosts -p -a 192.168.0.15
Trusted host list:
192.168.0.15

ethstat
.
:
ethstat [ |cpu] [-m] [-c] [-q] [-r] [-h] [full] [-b]

:
-m

-c

-q

-h

-r

( )

-b

full

:
Ethernet , :

power down

no link

, ;

negotiation in progress

OK half duplex 10Mb/s

, , 10 ;

OK full duplex 10Mb/s

, 68

, 10 ;

OK half duplex 100Mb/s

, , 100 ;

OK full duplex 100Mb/s

, , 100 ;

OK full duplex 1000Mb/s

, , 1000 ;

ethmode
, VLAN, , .
. , ,
,
.
:
ethmode <port number> [-m mode] [-d 802.3mode] [-v VLAN] [-n monitor]
[-s nolearn|mac|no] [-p no|rstp] [-c tag|ip|tagip|iptag|no] [-o pri] [-i no|yes]
[-z] [-x port] [-q maxMAC] [-r no|yes] [-e] [-f VLAN ID] [-a]

:
-m

: down, trunk, multi, access, qinq;

-p

: no, rstp;

-v

VLAN;

-d

auto, half10, full10, half100,


full100, full1000,auto10;

:
nolearn MAC-,
;
mac - MAC-, MAC- (
mapmac);
no ( );

,
, -1 ;

MAC
(0 , 255);

- : tag, ip, tagip,


iptag, no; ;

( , -c no);
0 7;

-i

/ IGMP snooping;

-r

/ DHCP relay;

, ;

-f

VLAN ID (no|yes)

.
69

-a

smart vlan (no|yes)


:
down

trunk

milti

access

qinq

double tagging.


:
no

rstp

RSTP

:
10 /
.
LPOS > ethmode 1 -d half10
ok

, 3- .
Site1 > ethmode 0 -p rstp
Site1 > ethmode 1 -p rstp
Site2 > ethmode 1 -p rstp
Site2 > ethmode 0 -p rstp
Site3 > ethmode 0 -p rstp
Site3 > ethmode 1 -p rstp

dhcprelay
DHCP ( ).
:
dhcprelay [-d] [-e] [-i IP|-f]
no|dis|pdown] [-v VLAN] [-z] [-s]

:
-d
-b

-e
-f
-i
-m
-s
-t
-u

[-t

ports]

[-u

ports]

[-m

minutes]

[b

DHCP ;

untrusted: no ,
dis , pdown Power down ;
DHCP ;
DHCP-;
IP- DHCP-, ;
untrusted
DHCP ;
IP ;
trusted () ;
untrusted () ;
70

VLAN ID 802.1p ,
1 4095. 0 ;

.

-z

:
DHCP 192.168.1.1.
LPOS > dhcprelay e i 192.168.1.1
ok

igmp
igmp snupping.
:
igmp [-d] [-e] [-f ports] [-v VLAN] [-z] [-q ports] [-s ports] [-r ports]

:
-d

IGMP snooping;

-e

IGMP snooping;

-f

, fast leave
;

VLAN ID 802.1p multicast (MVR ),


1 4095. 0 ;

-q
-s
-r

, Fast Leave
- -;
, -.

-z

:
multicast 1232.
LPOS > igmp e v 1232

switchcfg
.
:
switchcfg [-t yes|no] [-z] [-b no|yes]

:
-t

QinQ (double tagging). yes () , no


,
;

z
-b

.
BPDU (no|yes);

:
.
LPOS > switchcfg t no

vlan
71

VLAN.
:
vlan [VLAN ID] [-n name] [-d] [-p ports_list] [-t ports_list]
[-u ports_list] [-b db] [-s] [-z]

:
-n

VLAN ID;

-d

VLAN;

-p

, VLAN; ;
VLAN ID ,
VLAN, ;

, VLAN; ;

-u

, VLAN; ;

-b

MAC ;

-s

VLAN ID;

:
VLAN 100 0,2,3
LPOS > vlan 100 -p 0,2,3
#
0
1
2

VID
1
32
100

name
Eth port
E1 stream
user

0
M
M
M

1
M
M

2
M
M
M

3
M
M
M

cpu slv
M
M
M
M

VLAN, 1,2
LPOS > vlan -p 2,3
port 1
member vlans

: 1,32

port 2

member vlans

: 1,32,100

mapmac
.
:
mapmac [mac] [-n name] [-d] [-p dest_ports] [-f] [-s] [-z] [b db] [-o pri] [-d
all|dynamic] [-c all|dynamic] [-p MAC] [-i]

:
-n

mac-;

-d

mac-;

-c

mac- (all , dynamic


);

-p

,
mac-;
mac- , mac-,
;
72

-f

mac-, ;

-b

MAC ;

-o

mac-;

-i

-s

:
mac- 00-10-20-30-40-50 0 2
LPOS > mapmac 00-10-20-30-40-50 -p 0,2
# MAC address
0 00-10-20-30-40-50

name pri ports


user 1 0,2

ttl
F


LPOS > mapmac -f
#
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

MAC address
00-10-20-30-40-50
00-13-D4-4A-9B-30
00-16-EC-2B-36-D4
00-18-F3-06-D1-94
00-30-4F-3E-06-61
01-80-C2-00-00-00
5A-00-3B-19-DD-A8
5A-00-3B-1C-2F-F5
5A-00-3B-1D-30-F6

name pri ports


user 1 0,2
learned 0 3
learned 0 3
learned 0 3
learned 0 3
learned 3 cpu
learned 0 2
learned 0 cpu
learned 0

ttl
F
D
E
D
D
E
E
E
E

ethrate
.

:
ethrate <port_number> [-r ingress_rate_limit] [-s egress_rate_limit] [-p pri]
[-m 0|1|2|3] [-z] [-l]
[-f uuni|umulti|broad|multi|uni|mgmt|no|arp|tcpdata|tcpctl|udp|nontcpudp]

:
-r

. 128
16*1024 ( ) 250*1024 (
), 0 ;

-s

. 128
16*1024 ( ) 250*1024 (
), 0 ;

-m


0 ( )
1 broadcast, multicast flooded unicast
2 broadcast multicast
3 broadcast

-l
-f

( 424)
73

.
:

uuni - unknown unicast


umulti - unknown multicast
broad - broadcast
multi - multicast
uni - unicast
mgmt - MGMT
no - ( )
arp - arp
tcpdata - TCP Data
tcpctl - TCP Ctrl
udp - UDP
nontcpudp - TCP/UDP (IGMP, ICMP, IGRP ).
-z

:
16 / 1,
32/
LPOS > ethrate 1 -r 16384 p 211

512 / 2
LPOS > ethrate 2 -s 512

ethtype
Ethernet (, BL BN).
, . .
:
ethtype < > <no|cu|bl|bn> [-z]

:
no

cu

100Base-TX;

bl

100Base-FX 1310 1550;

bn

100Base-FX 1550 1310;

ethdesc
Ethernet
d. .
:
ethdesc < > [ |-d] [-z]

:
z

.
74

:
.
LPOS > ethdesc 0 important channel

ethreportlevel
SNMP . 0 , 2
( )
5 ( )
:
ethreportlevel [<port numbers>] [-l log level] [-t trap level] [-d]

:
-l

-t

snmp;

-d

rstp
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
.
:
rstp [<port number>] [-i port priority] [-e yes|no] [-c port cost]
[-p yes|no|auto] [-g no|yes] [-z]

:
-i

port priority, , 0 240, 128;

-e

edge port ; ,
, ;


10

Mb/s: Cost=2 000 000

100

Mb/s: Cost=200 000

1000 Mb/s: Cost=20 000


-p

/ -;

-g

/ Root Guard;

-z

rstpbridge
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
.
:
rstpbridge [-p bridge priority] [-f forward delay] [-h hello time]
[-a max message age] [-b no|dis|pdown] [-m minutes] [-z]

:
-p

bridge priority, ; 0 61440, 32768;

-f

Forwarding ( );
4 30, 15 ( 1.0.7.7SR6
75

4);
-h

BPDU ( );
1 10, 2 ( 1.0.7.7SR6 1);

-a

( );
6 40, 8 ( 1.0.7.7SR6 6).

-z

-b

untrusted: no , dis , pdown


Power down ;

-m

BPDU (0 ).

ipprimap
IP-. ToS,
( 6 ), . ,
, ToS.

:
ipprimap [-t ToS] [-p pri] [-r] [-z]

:
-t

ToS, ( , 4);

-p

ToS ( 0 3);

( -t
Tos, -v );

:

LPOS > ipprimap
ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri
---------------------------------------------------------------------00 00 | 04 00 | 08 00 | 0C 00 | 10 00 | 14 00 | 18 00 | 1C 00
20 00 | 24 00 | 28 00 | 2C 00 | 30 00 | 34 00 | 38 00 | 3C 00
40 01 | 44 01 | 48 01 | 4C 01 | 50 01 | 54 01 | 58 01 | 5C 01
60 01 | 64 01 | 68 01 | 6C 01 | 70 01 | 74 01 | 78 01 | 7C 01
80 02 | 84 02 | 88 02 | 8C 02 | 90 02 | 94 02 | 98 02 | 9C 02
A0 02 | A4 02 | A8 02 | AC 02 | B0 02 | B4 02 | B8 02 | BC 02
C0 03 | C4 03 | C8 03 | CC 03 | D0 03 | D4 03 | D8 03 | DC 03
E0 03 | E4 03 | E8 03 | EC 03 | F0 03 | F4 03 | F8 03 | FC 03

ToS 98 0
LPOS > ipprimap -t 98 -p 0
ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri
---------------------------------------------------------------------00 00 | 04 00 | 08 00 | 0C 00 | 10 00 | 14 00 | 18 00 | 1C 00
20 00 | 24 00 | 28 00 | 2C 00 | 30 00 | 34 00 | 38 00 | 3C 00
40 01 | 44 01 | 48 01 | 4C 01 | 50 01 | 54 01 | 58 01 | 5C 01
60 01 | 64 01 | 68 01 | 6C 01 | 70 01 | 74 01 | 78 01 | 7C 01
80 02 | 84 02 | 88 02 | 8C 02 | 90 02 | 94 02 | 98 00 | 9C 02
A0 02 | A4 02 | A8 02 | AC 02 | B0 02 | B4 02 | B8 02 | BC 02
C0 03 | C4 03 | C8 03 | CC 03 | D0 03 | D4 03 | D8 03 | DC 03
E0 03 | E4 03 | E8 03 | EC 03 | F0 03 | F4 03 | F8 03 | FC 03

76

ToS 40-5C ( 2)
LPOS > ipprimap -v 2 21300201
ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri ToS pri
---------------------------------------------------------------------00 00 | 04 00 | 08 00 | 0C 00 | 10 00 | 14 00 | 18 00 | 1C 00
20 00 | 24 00 | 28 00 | 2C 00 | 30 00 | 34 00 | 38 00 | 3C 00
40 02 | 44 01 | 48 03 | 4C 00 | 50 00 | 54 02 | 58 00 | 5C 01
60 01 | 64 01 | 68 01 | 6C 01 | 70 01 | 74 01 | 78 01 | 7C 01
80 02 | 84 02 | 88 02 | 8C 02 | 90 02 | 94 02 | 98 00 | 9C 02
A0 02 | A4 02 | A8 02 | AC 02 | B0 02 | B4 02 | B8 02 | BC 02
C0 03 | C4 03 | C8 03 | CC 03 | D0 03 | D4 03 | D8 03 | DC 03
E0 03 | E4 03 | E8 03 | EC 03 | F0 03 | F4 03 | F8 03 | FC 03

tagprimap
.
.
:
tagprimap [port_number] [-g] [-t tag] [-p pri] [-r] [-z]

:
-g

-t

IEEE Tag, ( 0 7);

-p

IEEE Tag ( 0
3 7
);

-r

( t IEEE Tag);

:

LPOS > tagprimap
remap remap remap remap remap remap remap remap
# pri 0 pri 1 pri 2 pri 3 pri 4 pri 5 pri 6 pri 7
---- -----------------------------------------------------0
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
1
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
2
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
3
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
glob
01
00
00
01
02
02
03
03

IEEE Tag 5 0
LPOS > tagprimap -t 5 -p 0 -g
remap remap remap remap remap remap remap remap
# pri 0 pri 1 pri 2 pri 3 pri 4 pri 5 pri 6 pri 7
---- -----------------------------------------------------0
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
1
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
2
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
3
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
glob
01
00
00
01
02
00
03
03


LPOS > tagprimap 2 -v 12300011

77

remap remap remap remap remap remap remap remap


# pri 0 pri 1 pri 2 pri 3 pri 4 pri 5 pri 6 pri 7
---- -----------------------------------------------------0
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
1
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
2
01
02
03
00
00
00
01
01
3
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
glob
01
00
00
01
02
00
03
03

ethtest
,
.
:
ethtest [port number]

:
normal cable

short in cable

open in cable

test fail

test not completed

amplitude ( 0x1F
+1, 0x10 0, 0x00
-1).

distance ( ), .
:
2 3
LPOS > ethtest 2,3
#
2
3

status
open in cable
normal cable

amplitude
18
10

distance
1

5.1.6. 1.

E1/G.703, E1 . E1/G.703 , .
, .
-,
, :
: - ( - ) .

e1stat
G.703.

1.
15- . , 96 ,
78

.
, , . 0 95, 0 .
3 , , .
, .
:
e1stat [-m] [-d] [-s] [-t] [-c] [-e] [-l] [-p] [-g] [-b] [-i beg] [-j end] [-r] [h]
[< >]

:
m

-d

1;

-s

( -, ...);

1;

-e


1;

-l


1;

-p

-g

( l, c, t -e);

-b

, ( l, -c -e; i j,
);

-i

beg , ( beg=0); ( l, -c or e);

-j

end , (
end=4); ( l, -c or e);

(
);

:
E1 , :
OK

RAI

1 ( );

NOS

AIS

LOS

G.704;

EOS

G.704.

79

e :
sliprem

, - ;

slipadd

, -
-;

resync

, ;

interp

,
- ;

jund

, ;

jovf

, - ;

lost

recov

resent

,
.

m :
metric

,
;

remote
ch, TS

- E1-;

remote
address

IP- ;

VLAN
pri
TOS
stacking
(ch:MAC)

VLAN ID 802.1p E1-;


VLAN ID 802.1p E1-;
IP ToS E1-;
MAC- E1- ,
.

s :
keyframe
interval
delay


;
;

jbuf

-;

gap

pkt

E1 ;

real buf
delay
queue len
avg
speed reg

-;
-;
Ethernet-;
PID- .

t :
Eth delay

Ether80

net;
income
delay

t :
jitter left
bound

- ( );

jitter right
bound

- ( );

number of pkts
for slip add

, , slip add;

number of pkts
for slip rem

, , slip rem.

:
E1 .
LPOS > e1stat
Channel 1 No remote mux address found, Local OK
Channel 2 No remote mux address found, Local AIS

1 20 ,
.
LPOS > e1stat b j 20

e1hist

G.703. , 15- .
:
e1hist [-m|-t|-r] [< >]

:
m

-t

-r

:
E1

LPOS > e1hist t
Histogram for channel 0
delay interaval,ms number pkt
P
-------------------------------------[-inf ; -0.25)
0
0.000
[-0.25; -0.20)
1
0.000
[-0.20; -0.15)
6
0.000
[-0.15; -0.10)
8
0.000
[-0.10; -0.05)
35
0.000
[-0.05; 0.00)
16277
0.130
[ 0.00; 0.05)
108752
0.869
[ 0.05; 0.10)
36
0.000
[ 0.10; 0.15)
7
0.000
[ 0.15; 0.20)
7
0.000
[ 0.20; +inf )
0
0.000
Histogram for channel 1
delay interaval,ms number pkt

81

-------------------------------------[-inf ; +inf )
0
0.000

E1
LPOS > e1hist 0
Histogram for channel 0
1.00
0.95
0.90
0.85
_
0.80
| |
0.75
| |
0.70
| |
0.65
| |
0.60
| |
0.55
| |
0.50
| |
0.45
| |
0.40
| |
0.35
| |
0.30
| |
0.25
| |
0.20
| |
0.15
| |
0.10
|"|| |
0.05
| || |
0.00_________|"|______|"||"||"||"|| || ||"||"||"|______|"|____________
-0.55
0.0
0.55ms

e1desc
1 d.
.
:
e1desc < > [ |-d] [-z]

:
z

:
.
LPOS > e1desc 0 important channel

e1setup
E1 , IP . .
:
e1setup < >
>] [-z] [ ]

[-d|-e|-i

IP

[-k]

<

:
1 .
, :
1:0-31
82

1:0,1,2,5
1:1-20
, , 0-31
:
d

(
);

-e

;
,
, , ( );

IP , ;

, pure Ethernet IP/UDP


; , , .

VLAN ID 802.1p ,
1 4095. 0 ; 32;

VLAN ID 802.1p
, 0 7;
6;

IP ToS ,
0 FF;

( );

2 512 ;
4;

Ethernet-
( 1 32); ,
, ;

0 4000 ;

32 1454; 526;

-c

(yes) (no) E1 ; , ;

-f

, ( 10
300000) (keyframe );

1, 1 ; -1 ( ) ;

-b

(yes) (no) PRBS 15


;

z
-h

-y

1 ,
. , , , ,
.
83

;
reset

:
802.1p

6;

ID 802.1p

32;

ToS

(=0);

4 ;

1000 ;

256 ;

keyframe

500 .

:
E1 E1 : SITE_1 c IP- 192.168.0.21 SITE_2 IP- 192.168.0.22.
SITE_1 > e1setup 1 i 192.168.0.22 1
SITE_2 > e1setup 1 -i 192.168.0.21 1

e1slip
().
( x e1setup). ,
-
, . (slip rem),
(slip add).
:
e1slip < > [-l left bound] [-r right bound]
[-a left bound pkts] [-b right bound pkts] [-z]

:
l

- ( );

- ( );

-a

,
, slip add;

-z

-b

,
, slip rem.

:
l

1500 ( - 3 );

4500 ( - 3 );

10;

10;

e1test
1. .
:
84

e1test < > [-r] [-d] [-u]

:
r

RAI .

d
-u

.

.

e1loop
1.
.
:
e1loop [-l|-r|-d|-u|-s] < >

:
l

- .

- .

d
-u
-s

- .
- ;
- ( );

:
E1.
LPOS > e1loop -l 1

e1virtual
. ( )
( ). .
:
e1virtual <
> [-z]

>

[-m

MAC

<

:
d

:
master MAC 5A-00-3b-33-05-72 slave MAC- 5A-00-3b-33-05-73.
master > e1virtual 4,5,6,7 -m 5A-00-3b-33-05-73 0,1,2,3
slave> e1virtual 0,1,2,3 -m 5A-00-3b-33-05-72 4,5,6,7

5.1.7. .
, . 2730 , ,
, , . ,
85

,
,
.

envir
, .
:
envir

log

.
:
log [-a][-e]

:
a

, .

-e

syslog
syslog. ,
IP- syslog-.
:
syslog [-i IP] [-f] [-d] [-z]

:
i

IP- syslog-;

-f

-d

syslog;

-z

ping
ICMP-
.
:
ping <IP > [-w timeout ms] [-t repeat]

:
-w

( 1000 )

-t

( )

:
IP- 192.168.0.2.
LPOS > ping 192.168.0.2
Echo reply 0.384ms

5.1.8.

86

, RS-232 AUX .

sersetup
:
:
sersetup s <baud rate> [-p <stop bits>] [-n|-o|-e] [-z]

:
-s

(, 2400, 4800, 9600,115200)

-p

(1 2)

-n|-o|-e

((-e) (-o)) (n).

:
-1.
LPOS > sersetup -s 38400 -p 1 n

arp
MAC IP .
:
arp [-r]

:
-r

:
LPOS > arp
ARP table
#
IP
0 192.168.000.182
1 192.168.000.157
2 192.168.000.137
total 3 items

MAC
00-16-AC-2B-36-D4
00-18-A3-06-D1-94
00-16-A4-5C-9D-61

time
118
118
0

5.2.
. menu
<Enter>. (1,2)
() () <Enter>.
<BackSpace> <Esc>.

87

Main Menu / System


-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. Show system
>
2. System date and time
>
3. Device name and location
>
4. Host MAC and IP settings
>
5. Management station settings
>
6. Auxiliary port parameters
>
7. Passwords management
>
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
.

88

5.2.1.
Main Menu
0.Brief status
1.Device config
2.Eth config
3.E1 config
4.Counters
5.Log
6.Command
line

Brief status overview


Eth ports status
Case temperature
Hardware version
Firmware version
Bootloader version
Operating system version
Probe software version

Device configuration
Network settings
Passwords management
Restrict access by IP
SNMP parameters
Auxiliary port parameters
Date&time
Device name
Device location
Web access
FTP access
Telnet access
Autostart menu
Autosave cfg
Allow RS-232 pipe

Network settings
Device MAC
Device IP
Subnet mask
Default gateway IP
Default VLAN

Passwords management
Administrator password
Operator password #1
Operator password #2
Restrict access by IP
Pass from any IP
Pass from the same subnet
Pass from IP
SNMP parameters
Enable SNMP agent
Read community
Write community
Enable alarm traps
Trap community
Send alarm traps to
Auxiliary port parameters
Auxiliary port baud rate
Stop bits
Parity
Date&time
System date
System time
Time zone
Internet time server
Auto synchro
Next synchro
Synchro time now

ETH
ETH
ETH
ETH
ETH
E1
E1
E1
E1
E1
E1

Configuration
port 0
port 1
port 2
port 3
port stacking

Perfomance counters
Show E1 error counters
Reset E1 error counters
Show Eth counters
Show Eth utilization
Reset Eth counters

configuration
port 0
port 1
port 2
port 3

E1 Subchannel
E1 subchannel 1
...

ETH port N
Port description
Port status
Port type
Port role
Port mode
Rate limiting
VLAN ID
Priority mode
Default priority
Reserv mode
Remote MAC
Remote Port
Ring ID

E1 subchannel N
Time slots
Protocol version
Trunk description
Status
Mode
E1 encapsulation
Destination IP
Destination E1 port
Destination E1 mask
VLAN ID
VLAN priority
IP ToS byte
Jitter buffer, ms
Maximum gap, ms
Averaging time, s
Payload size, bytes
Compressed
Keyframe interval, ms

Stacking
E1 port #1
E1 port #2
...
E1 port #15
E1 port #16
E1 port N
Remote device MAC
Remote E1 port

89

5.2.2. Brief status overview


Brief status overview
Ethernet , , ( ).

Menu / Brief status overview


-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. Ethernet port 0 . . . . . no link
2. Ethernet port 2 . . . . . OK full duplex 100Mb/s
3. Ethernet port 3 . . . . . no link
4. Case temperature . . . . 37.750
5. Hardware version . . . . 304.1.02
6. Firmware version . . . . 4.10
7. Bootloader version . . . v 1.0.0.9
8. Operating system version LP ARM OS 1.0.7.0 alpha 1 (Aug 30 2006)
9. Probe software version . 1.2
------------------------------------------------------------------------

5.2.3. Device configuration


Device configuration ( ), .

Menu / Device configuration


-----------------------------------------------------------------------0. Network settings
>
1. Passwords management
>
2. Restrict access by IP
>
3. SMNP parameters
>
4. Auxiliary port parameters
>
5. Date&time
>
6. Device name . . . . . . . LPOS
7. Device location . . . . .
8. System date . . . . . . . 10.10.06
9. System time . . . . . . . 14:47:47
A. Allow Web access. . . . . YES
B. Allow FTP access. . . . . YES
C. Allow telnet access . . . YES
D. Autostart menu in telnet. NO
E. Allow to autosave cfg . . YES
F. Allow RS-232 pipe . . . . YES
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Device name

Device location

System date

System time


Telnet access
Web access
90

FTP access
RS Pipe
YES/NO, YES , ,
NO , .

5.2.4. Network settings


Network settings MAC-, IP-
, .

Menu / Device configuration / Network settings


-----------------------------------------------------------------------0. Device MAC . . . . . . . 5A-00-3B-12-01-08
1. Device IP . . . . . . . . 192.168.0.42
2. Subnet mask . . . . . . . 255.255.255.0
3. Default gateway IP . . . 192.168.0.1
4. Default VLAN . . . . . . 0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Device MAC

- .

Device IP

IP .

Subnet mask

Default gateway IP

IP .

Default VLAN

VLAN.

5.2.5. Passwords management


Passwords management
admin, oper1 oper2. 18
.

Menu / Device configuration / Passwords management


-----------------------------------------------------------------------0. Set password for user 'admin'
1. Set password for user 'oper1'
2. Set password for user 'oper2'
------------------------------------------------------------------------

admin .
:
admin : admin
oper1 : oper1
oper2 : oper2

91

5.2.6. Restrict access by IP


Restricy access by IP , IP.

Menu / Device configuration / Restrict access by IP


-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. Pass from any IP . . . . YES
2. Pass from the same subnet YES
3. Pass from IP : . . . . .
4. Pass from IP : . . . . .
5. Pass from IP : . . . . .
6. Pass from IP : . . . . .
7. Pass from IP : . . . . .
------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 :
1. , .. IP
2. IP ,

3. IP , .

5.2.7. SNMP parameters


SNMP parameters
SNMP.

Menu / Device configuration / SNMP parameters


-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. Enable SNMP agent . . . . YES
2. Read community. . . . . . public
3. Write community . . . . . public
4. Enable alarm traps. . . . YES
5. Trap community. . . . . . public
6. Send alarm traps to . . .
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Enable SNMP agent

/ SNMP

Read community

snmp-

Write community

snmp-

Enable alarm traps

Trap community

Send alarm traps to

IP ,

5.2.8. Auxiliary port parameters


Auxiliary port parameters .
92

Main Menu / System / Auxiliary port parameters


-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. Baud rate . . . . . . . . 115200
2. Stop bits . . . . . . . . 1
3. Parity. . . . . . . . . . NO
------------------------------------------------------------------------

:
Baud rate

: 115200, 57600, 38400, 19200,


9600, 4800, 2400, 1200;

Stop bits

. 1,1.5,2

Parity

( ,
).
NO,ODD,EVEN

5.2.9. Date&time
Date&time , .

Menu / Device configuration / Date&time


-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. System date . . . . . . . 31.08.07
2. System time . . . . . . . 12:02:14
3. Time zone . . . . . . . . 6
4. Internet time server. . . 62.149.2.1
5. Auto synchronization. . . YES
6. Next synchronization. . . 30.09.07
7. Synchronize time now
------------------------------------------------------------------------

System date

System time

Time zone

Internet time server

IP ,
.

Auto synchronization

/
.

Next synchronization

Synchronize time now

93

5.2.10. E1 port configuration -> E1 subchannel


E1 subchannel 1 .

Menu / E1 ports configuration / E1 port 1 / E1 subchannel 1 0


-----------------------------------------------------------------------0. Time slots. . . . . . . . 0-31
1. Trunk description . . . .
2. Status. . . . . . . . . . OK uptime 35 min 58 sec
3. Mode. . . . . . . . . . . TRANSMIT
4. E1 encapsulation. . . . . IP/UDP
5. Destination IP. . . . . . 192.168.0.42
6. Destination E1 port . . . 1
7. Destination E1 mask . . . 0-31
8. VLAN ID . . . . . . . . . 32
9. VLAN Priority . . . . . . 6
A. IP ToS byte . . . . . . . 0
B. Jitter buffer, ms . . . . 3
C. Maximum gap, ms . . . . . 5500
D. Averaging time, s . . . . 20
E. Payload size, bytes . . . 1408
F. Compressed. . . . . . . . NO
G. Keyframe interval, ms . . 0
H. Out frequency source. . . 0
I. Gateway bypass. . . . . . NO
J. Ut frequency source . . . -1
K. Left slip bound, bits . . 2250
L. Right slip bound, bits. . 5750
M. Pkts number for slip add 1000
N. Pkts number for slip rem 1000
O. Used time slots . . . . . 0
------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
Time slots

Trunk description


, NGTS to 4200 port0

Status

Mode

1 POWER DOWN, TRANSMIT, LOCAL LOOP,


REMOTE LOOP, TEST MODE
, , , 1 .

E1 encapsulation

1 ethernet Ethernet
MAC IP/UDP

Destination IP

IP ,

Destination E1 port

Destination E1 mask

-,

VLAN ID

VLAN ID ,
94

IP ToS byte

IP TOS ,

Jitter buffer, ms

Maximum gap, ms

( ) 1. 0 4000 .

Payload size, bytes

(
128), 256.

Compressed

E1 . ,
.

Keyframe interval


(.. () ).

Out frequency source

1, 1 ; -1 ( )
;

Averaging time

Ethernet ( 1 32);
E1. ,
,
;

Left slip bound


Right slip bound

- (
). (.. ,
-) .

Pkt's number for slip


add

-
( -).

Pkt's number for slip


rem

-
(
-).

Gateway bypass

Used time slots

1 , . , Ethernet
, IP .
1 , .

95

5.2.11. Eth configuration


ETH configuration
Ethernet:

Menu / Ethernet ports configuration / Ethernet port 0


-----------------------------------------------------------------------0. Port description. . . . .
1. Port status . . . . . . . no link
2. Port type . . . . . . . . COPPER
3. Port role . . . . . . . . MULTI
4. Port mode . . . . . . . . AUTO
5. Ingress rate limiting . . 0
6. Egress rate limiting. . . 0
7. Rate limit mode . . . . . ALL
8. VLAN ID . . . . . . . . . 1
9. Priority mode . . . . . . TAG
A. Default priority. . . . . 1
B. Reservation mode. . . . . NONE
C. IGMP snooping . . . . . . NO
------------------------------------------------------------------------

th
Port role

: down, trunk, multi,


access, qinq

Port mode

: auto, half10,
full10, half100, full100, full1000

Ingress rate limiting

.
128 16*1024 ( )
250*1024 ( ), 0

Egress rate limiting

.
128 16*1024 ( )
250*1024 ( ), 0

Rate limit mode


ALL (
)
BMF broadcast, multicast flooded unicast

BM broadcast multicast
B broadcast

VLAN ID

VLAN

Priority mode

- :
tag, ip, tagip, iptag, no;

Reservation mode

: no, rstp

IGMP snooping

/ IGMP snooping

96

5.3. SNMP
SNMP. SNMP
, ,
, .
SNMP
:
Enable SNMP agent SNMP
;
Read community ;
Write community ;
SNMP (traps) . :
Enable alarm traps ;
Trap community ;
Send alarm traps to IP- .
SNMP- (traps) :
COLD START;
SNMP
AUTHENTICATION FAILURE;

LINK DOWN;
LINK UP;
E1 PORT DOWN;
E1 PORT UP.

5.3.1. (MIB)
(MIB):
NSC-EMUX-MIB , E1 . NSC-EMUX-MIB http://www.nsc-com.com.

5.4. HTTP Browser


http . http , , 4.
http .
, , :

1.0.7.0

97

:
admin : admin
oper1 : oper1
oper2 : oper2

password, : Menu / Device configuration / Passwords management.

5.4.1. Main

Name
Case temperature
Physical Address
System uptime




, .

E1 state Ethernet state 1 Ethernet , , . :

.
98

5.4.2. General config

Device name
Device location

:
None
Local network
White-list

;
IP .
IP ,

c IP ,
wite-list

99

5.4.3. Time&date

Date
Time
Auto synchronization
Time-zon
Timeserver IP adress

.

/
.

IP ,

5.4.4. IP configuration

Physical Address
IP address
Subnet Mask
Gateway
VLAN ID
Prioriry


IP

IP
VLAN
( 0 7)
100

5.4.5. E1 State
5.4.5.1.

E1 state -> Configuration

State

Name

Destination E1 port

Destination IP

IP ,

Jitter buffer, ms

Maximum gap, ms

( ) 1. 0 4000 .

VLAN ID

VLAN ID ,

VLAN Priority

, 0 7

Type

1 ethernet Ethernet
MAC IP/UDP

IP ToS byte

IP TOS ,

101

Gateway bypass

1 , . , Ethernet
, IP .

Out frequency source

1, 1 ; -1 ( )
.

Payload size, bytes

(
128), 256.

Compressed

E1 . ,
.

Keyframe interval


(.. () ).

Left slip bound


Right slip bound

- (
). (.. ,
-)

Pkt's number for slip


add

-
( -).

Pkt's number for slip


rem

-
(
-).

Mode

1 POWER DOWN, TRANSMIT, LOCAL LOOP,


REMOTE LOOP, TEST MODE
, , , 1 .

102

5.4.5.2.

E1 state -> Show Statistic

Reset statistic E1 .

E1 , :
OK

RAI

1 ( );

NOS

AIS

LOS

G.704;

EOS

G.704.

local 1, remote 1 (, , ).

sliprem

, - ;

slipadd

, -
-;

resync

, ;
103

interp

,
- ;

jund

, ;

jovf

, - ;

lost

recov

resent

,
.

keyframe
interval
delay


;
;

jbuf

-;

gap

pkt

E1 ;

real buf
delay
queue len
avg

-;
-;
Ethernet-;

speed reg

PID- .

Eth delay

Ethernet;

income
delay

104

5.4.6. Ethernet state


5.4.6.1.

Ethernet state -> Configuration

Port role

: down, trunk, multi,


access, qinq

Port mode

: auto, half10,
full10, half100, full100, full1000

Ingress rate limiting

.
128 16*1024 ( )
250*1024 ( ), 0

Egress rate limiting

.
128 16*1024 ( )
250*1024 ( ), 0

Rate limit mode


ALL (
)
BMF broadcast, multicast flooded unicast

BM broadcast multicast
B broadcast

VLAN ID

VLAN
105

Priority mode

- :
tag, ip, tagip, iptag, no;

Secure mod

: no learn
; no ,
; mac
.

Reservation mode

: no, rstp

IGMP

/ IGMP snooping

5.4.6.2.

Ethernet state -> Show statistic

Reset statistic - Ethernet


Input
number

error

discarded

K ,
-

filterded

,
- VLAN ID MAC-

Output
number

collisions

discarded

, -

106

5.4.7. AUX

Baud rate

: 115200, 57600, 38400, 19200,


9600, 4800, 2400, 1200;

Stop bits

. 1,1.5,2

Parity

( ,
).
NO,ODD,EVEN

5.4.8. CFG.sys

CFG.sys .
,
. ,
.

107

5.4.9. Log

Log - . . . : /.
, .


, ,
, , . . -
.
, , , , -.
.

5.5.

. . , , , .
.
, telnet, , HTTP

108

5.5.1.

1, Ethernet, .
4.3. 1 ,
. Ethernet : , .

.

5.5.2.
,
:
1
e1stat

Ethernet
ethstat

,
, (. .
5.1).

5.5.3.

.
log

5.6.
6.2 .


, .

telnet
ftp

Ethernet

telnet
ftp
telnet
ftp

IP


( ,

)
,
() .
,


109

telnet
ftp


baud
rate, ,
,

1 , 1,

1 , 1,

Ethernet
, Ethernet HalfDuplex,
-

, -

,

115000 /, 8 , , .

1 ,
,
1,

1 ,
-

Ethernet , , Duplex



( 8)
.

5.7.

.

5.7.1.
Windows ping IP .
. ICMP- IP- 192.168.111.21.
C:\>ping 192.168.111.21
Pinging 192.168.111.21 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.111.21: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.111.21: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.111.21: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=64
Reply from 192.168.111.21: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=64
Ping statistics for 192.168.111.21:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms

Loss, 0%, .
(
, . .).

ping. Echo request
110

time out
.
.
.
IP-

192.168.0.22.
LPOS > ping 192.168.0.22
Echo reply 0.231ms

5.7.2. Ethernet
ethstat.
. Ethernet.
LPOS >
1. ETH
2. ETH
3. ETH
4. ETH

ethstat
0 OK full duplex 100Mb/s
1 no link
2 OK half duplex 10Mb/s
3 no link

, .

5.7.3. E1
e1stat.
, .

5.7.4.
, , ,
.
E1.
E1 .
(. 6.3) E1 . ,
E1, , ,
E1, .

e1loop.

111

5.8.

5.8.1.
e1stat.
15 .
e
1 .
resync

interp

,
-

jund

jovf

, -

lost

recov

resent

e1stat
G.703 1 ( )
nos

, NO SIGNAL

eos

los

, LOST OF
SINCHRONISATION

rai

, REMOTE ALARM
INDICATION

ais

, ALL ONES (
)

local 1, remote 1 (, , ).

f l
tx ovf

tx und

rx und

rx ovf

lazs

, ALL ZEROS

razs

, ALL ZEROS

prbs

PRBS-15 ( )

rprbs

PRBS-15 ( )
112

tx idle

IDLE ,

rx dbl

, ,

t
Eth delay

Ethernet

income delay

. e1hist.
, 15- .

5.8.2.
e1stat r 1, .

5.9.
1?
1 Ethernet :
1:
:
LOS ( ) IDLE , AIS.
, E1 ( timeslot 0),
, .
:
LOF/AIS, , , , , .
Ethernet:
( , 1
) max gap compensation 1, AIS.
1
Ethernet/IP?
,
E1:
VLAN ID ( 2)
ToS ( 3)
UDP ( 4).
QoS OSI 1 . , TDMoP , (, )
113

. , , , ,

.
VLAN ID
IEEE 802.1p&Q.
VLAN ID VLAN.
MAC ( 2) Ethernet .
VLAN ID, VLAN, 0-7.
, 6- 7- ,
, .
1, , VLAN. ,
1 Ethernet.
ToS
ToS (Type of Service) - , IP ( 3) : "PRECEDENCE", , " TOS", ,
, , ,
"MBZ",
. RFC791, RFC1349 RFC2474.
( ) ToS IP.
:
101 IP PRECEDENCE 1000 TOS 10110000, .. D0
UDP
TDMoP UDP (
4) UDP
41000. .
, TDMoP UDP.
?
, 1, , (,
), :
. 1
( - ,
). - , , ..
( 300 ), .
-
.
, - .
-
(/) - , , , ..
, 1
.
, E1 , ,
.
114



, G.703/E1?

1. .
. , , 10 , 20-30
. .
2. .
. , -
, .
3. .
- , -
1 .

1-
G.703 IP-
Ethernet-? ?

256 / . , ,
N , , 802.3 UDP.
:

14
VLAN 4
TDMoP 4
IP 20
UDP 8

256 / * (1+xx/N) 802.3


256 / * (1+yy/N) UDP
N=256

256 / * (1+22/256) 802.3


256 / * (1+50/256) UDP
?

. E1:
115

t1=2048 / ( , *8),
. :
t2=tbuf

, (
)
? CAS, CCS? ?
- ? PRI ISDN, SS7, proprietary out of band?
. .

? /
? ?
E1

FAS, CRC4?

FAS/NFAS , E1
s. .
CRC4 , .
, ?
1518 untagged / 1522 tagged 1536.
1518/1522.

WAN- E1 ? , , ?
. , E1, . strict priority, E1,
.
,
, .
. round robin ,
Ethernet
E1.
. ,
E1.
, .
116

, E1? - ?
.

u s?

u . , -
HDB3. s FAS/NFAS. . ,
- .
-? ?

, . ,
2.5 6.5 ,
, 4 , . ,
, .

. , Wi-Fi ,
, , 0.1%, . - . , , 10 , , .
.
,
, .

? ?

. . .
?
.


?
41000 src / 41001 dst

117

?
, , RS-232. , IP
. RS-232 IP .
E1 -Ethernet.
.
, ?

, , E1. 0..10 .
, , 15 . , ,
, .
. E1, ,
jitter buffer.
, maximum gap interpolation ,

E1 , . , ,
AIS.
Wi-Fi , ,
~800 , ~1600 . maximum gap interpolation 2000 .

5.10.
,
. , , .

118

6.
6.1.
- /mnt/ , . kernel.* - , .
fwXXX.rbf ( XXX , fw314.rbf,
fw314l.rbf) 1 ()
. help.txt menu , . htdocs
web web-.
/mnt/
uploadboot setboot,
.
, , .

6.2.
ver
, .
(bootloader) 1.0.0.8 , , , .
, ,
, ,
.

(), Hardware
version

304.1.02, 304.1.04

fw304.rbf

316.1.00, 316.1.00s,
316.1.00l, 316.1.00sl,
314.1.00,314.1.00l

fw314.rbffw314l.rbf

354.1.00, 358.1.00,
378.1.00, 354.1.00l,
358.1.00l, 378.1.00l

fw354.rbffw354l.rbf

324.1.01

fw324.rbf

328.1.00, 328.1.00L,
328.1.00R, 338.1.00,
338.1.00L, 338.1.00R

fw338.rbffw338r.rbffw338l.rbf

368.1.00, 368.1.00L

fw368.rbf


FTP, Total Commander,
. FTP.

119

6.3.
1.0.7.7sr3
1. ;
2. fwXXX.rbf, ;
3. , FTP Total Commander
Windows Explorer ;
4. 1 2
/mnt/;
5. /mnt/ fw.rbf, kernel.elf
kernel.bkp, , ;
6. , /mnt/cfg.sys ,
,
cfg.sys;
7. (16 )
3-5) ( ip
ipconfig);
8. reset.

6.4.
1.0.7.7sr4
1. , FTP Total Commander
Windows Explorer ;
2. LPOS_XXXXXXX.zip ( XXXXXXX ) /mnt/,
;
3. , /mnt/cfg.sys ,
,
cfg.sys;
4. (16 )
1-2) ( ip
ipconfig);
5. reset.

6.5. bootloader
! ,
. .
bootloader FTP /mnt lposboot.bin, :
setboot /mnt/lposboot.bin
.
bootloader (, hiperterminal)
uploadboot
X-Modem lposboot.bin

120

7.
48 .
, .
.
.
:
,
3.5, , 3.4;
;
,
.
.
, ( , ).

121