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A REVIEW ON ARTIFICIAL LEAF

Need:
The worldwide average energy
consumption rate was approx.
16.2 TW in 2007. This figure is
going to escalate further with
the unprecedented increase in
world
population
and
the
increase in GDP, especially of
developing countries like India
and China. The solution is
naturally
available
carbonneutral energy source: SOLAR
ENERGY

Vision:
Sunlight + Water = Useable
Energy
A
centralized
energy
distribution system is not
feasible in developing countries
since it is not cost-effective.
Solar technologies should be
developed with emphasis on
low-cost and decentralization of
energy systems. This was Prof.
D G Noceras vision behind his
innovation The Artificial Leaf,

Photosynthesis can be broadly


divided into two phases: Light
dependent and Light Independent
phases. Most of the sunlight is
captured during the first phase.

Mechanism:
Photosynthetic sites of the leaf are
organized into Photosystem 1(PS1)
and Photosystem 2 (PS2). During
the first phase, sunlight is used to
produce a wireless current which is
captured by the Oxygen Evolving
Complex (OEC) of PS2 to oxidize
water to oxygen. The electrons
produced are transferred to PS2
where Hydrogen is produced by
the
Hydrogen
Evolving
Catalyst(HEC).

BHARGAVA
KIREETI V S MARA
NEMMARU
Artificial Leaf:
Artificial Leaf mimics this
process by performing the solarpowered electrolysis of water to
H2 and O2. The product is
constructed by coupling a triple
junction,
amorphous
silicon
photovoltaic with a ternary alloy
NiMoZn(OEC) and the Cobalt
Phosphate Cluster(HEC). H2 thus
produced can be stored and can
be converted to electricity by
fuel cells.
Advantages:
Reduced Cost due to the use
of earth abundant materials

Better
energy
storage
because energy is stored in
the form of Chemical Energy
instead of electrons
Production of a carbonneutral fuel which can be used
either for transportation or
converted to electricity
References:
1. Nocera, D.G. The Artificial
Leaf.
Acc.
Chem.
Res.,2012,45(5), pp 767
776
2. Ciamician,
G.
The