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A. WL PYPBO, 0. Bb, OEMONUDA, Us, De bene eet M. H. PhBIKEGHHHA AAA MOAQAEXH (BTOPOE WSj/AHHE) TOCY LAPCTBEHHOE WS, ATEJIECTEO BCCP Pedanyus Haywno-TexHuyecKow aureparypo. Muncx 1962 HOCTPOEHME BbIKPOEK OCHOBHAA BEIKPOHEA INIATHA (pue. 8) Yeprexk OcHOBHOI REIKpOfinM naTEA (paa- mep 48) erpoaT mo cnezyioujum MepKan (8 eat): 1. Oxpyacocrs mex (OI) . . - - +--+ +s + 18 2, Tlepsaz onpymuocts rpyau (JOT) . - . - . + 45 3. Bropas onpyanocre rpyma (JOT) . . . . . « 48 4, Oxpymnocts tanua (OT) . . + +. .+. - 38 5, Oxpyxnocre Gegep (OB) . . es Baan Be: 6. Jinwua pynona (JP) . . . s © Sune 60 7. flauua cnnunn fo tammm (ACT) . a + = 88. 8. Iimmma manenna (JH). . 2. . + - - + = 106 9, Tmrma nepeaa go Tanun (477) ices ae ceee tel: (a stolt neTHUMHEI CaeqyeT BETecTL Muy pocr- Ha 10 BOTHYTON auuuK — 7 cat). RouTpoapube MEPKU 1, Wupwia cmaunm (WIC) . . - 17,5 cx 2. upuua Gmcta (WB) . . . 29,5 * Ha cpoGogHoe oGneraHle UnaThx qAerca mpu6aBka K OKpy2HOCTH rpyan 4 cu, K Okpy2- HocTu Gemep— 3 ca. Tpy6anna 4 ca nemo- crosuua. Ova MeHAeTCA B GABRCHMOCTH OT Mop- MEI OMG2K ME, T. e€. OTeranHaA H MO;BI. Yeprex cCIHHKM M Tepeza cTpost oTzemno. Pacuerst K Wepremy ocHoBiHon BEIEpOHKH WaTbsA Cnruuka Or A go H 106 ex —mno mepKe QmuHEI Taha. Or A no fT 38 cu — 0 MepKe LAWHEL cou KH 20 TamHH, Or A gol 21 cx —'o wacts Annie! COHHEE HO Tammy mmoc 2 ca. Or T go GB 18 ew — nocrosHHo 21a BCex pas- Mepos. Or Poo H 24,5 en —'/, uncrn pasmepa mmoc '/> aacTh HpHbaskH Ha cRodogsHoe obsme- rauue munye '/; UACTE pasHocTH MemLy Mepka- MH BTOpOH 1 MepRoit onpy2eHocTell TpyaH. Or KE no C 6 ca —'/5 4acrh pasmMepa (m0- TOBHHa IHpMEEI npoliact). Bes mupnHa mpoli- mnt 12 eu, T. @. ‘fi WacTh pagmepa. Or A go P 6,5 cm — '/5 uacrs MepKH OKpYA- HOCTH men mmoc 0,5 cH. Or B no B, 25,5 ew —'/> vacrh mepKH oKpyxHocta Gemep mmoc '/s yacTa npHbaBRit Ha cHoOogHoe ObmeraHHe m0 JUIHMM Gegep MH- Hyc 2 cM. Ilepeg Or A zo H 106 ca—m0 MepKe ANHHET IMIATES. Or A no f 38 ¢# — lo Mepke ANHHEI CNHHEH 0 Tas. Or A go I 21 cw — 1); acre AJUIHET CIHHKH BO TanMn maroc 2 cat. Or fT go B 18 cw paamepos. Or? no K 27,5 cat — '/o 4actTh pasmepa mm10C lf) uacra npubaBKU Ha CBoGoyHoe obmeraune moc |/> 4acTh PasHOCTH Memay MepKAaMH BTO- pol 1 TepEoOl oKpymHocreit rpyaH. Or K no Hf 6 cm — '/, uacts pasmepa (nono- BMHA UMpHHE! mpoliMnt). Or f no T, 2 cx — '/3 uacre. pasHocTH mez- TY Me€PHAMM JJHHEI Mepesza fo TATM H AEE CHMHKE 0 Tamu. TOCTOHHHO IH BCeK Or T, xo B 44 ex —no mepxe qanner nepe- 7a 20 Tannn. c Ot B x0 B; 6,5 cat — 1/3 yacth MeprM OKpy2K- HOCTH Wer noc 0,5 cat. Or Bao J 7,5 cv — 5 uacts oxpymuocrn Ime mnoe 1,5 car. Or E prpano mo ayre 2 ca — xpaii mneuero- To ¢pesa nonouKm (TouKa 2 nenuunHa Hemo- CTOHHHAN, OHA MeHAeTtCH B SABHCHMOCTH OT pasHOCTH Meatzy MepKaMH wBropoii u mepRoit OKpy=HocTelt rpyazu. Tipu paswocra se 3 ex o7 rourn E Bnpapo ortnagiinaror 2 ca, ¢ yBemt- WeHHeM PasHocTH Ha 1 cH SsTa BeNHIHHA yMeHE- qaeren Ha 0,5 cat. Ipw moboli pasvocrn mex- ZY MepKAMH ETOpOH Hm Mepsoit oKpyRHocreli TPYAH Kpali mmeuenoro cpesa Hepema He qon- EicH TEPeXOLUTE SA THHHIO DMMpPHHE! npoltmnt, T. €. ann HE). : AUKUR OMpesE Gna ompeswoed AnaMee Puc. 3. Ocnosnas puxpotina miatea: G—chuuKs; G—peper; 6— HaMepeaHe oxpyRHOeH! fpofimu: 20 — pyxaga: ¢—soporsrK nan aakpe- Or B; a0 M 4,5 em mo myre — 1/5 uacte met. PHHEI Mmeyenoro cpesa, Or 2 go J 9 car no gyre —*/; uactH mupi- HBL Weveroro cpesa. Or B go B; enero 29,5 cu — Yo uacts mepri OKPYHOcTH Gegep noc |/. yacTh npHbasKH Ha CROOONHOE obneraHne mo mHHIHIH Gezep nmige 2 cM. Pyras Or O yo H 60 cu —no mepke omen py- Rana. Or O no A 15,7 co — 1/5 uacrs oxpymuoern Tpolimer mtoc 1 cm (BEIcoTa oKaTa). point Pyxaza). TIpovimnr pykana). Or A go C 19 ex — (oxpysnocrs munye 6 cm): 2 (monosmHa DMMIpHHEt Or A go Hf 19 em — (onpysxnocrs Munye 6 em): 2 (MonoBHHA TMpHiter Henan orpesd \ eapomnceo, pyeada untls mBepmal 4 Hpexvenp 0 TOR satiemnu; 2 — BOpOTHK AAA OTKpLITOA SacresiK. 8 Tlocrpocnue yeprema. ocnonHol BEIKpoLKH WAaATha Cnuuxa (pue. 3, a) _ B aesom sepxuem yray aucra Gymaru HaMe- valor TouKy A. Iipi MoMOUyH yronBHHka ‘wepes ary TOUKY NPOBOJAT Ahe BsaHMHO nepmeHzH- RYJADHBIE HHH: TOPHSOHTAABHYIO — JTHIO mei, REPTUKATEHYIO — JUTHHIO cepeqHHE! CHHHEH. Or A go H oTknagLBawT AHHyY WaaTea (106 car). Hs rouxu H enpaso mposogar ropn- SOHTAALHYIO mMUNIO —mHHMio Hua. Or A fo T orknagHipaioT [HY CHHHEN gO TANHH (88 cu). Ha touku 7 Bupaso nponosar ropu- S30HTANBHYIO AMHHIO — munHIO Tamm. Or A go I orknagiinaior 21 cu, 7. 6. WOMOBHHY Au: HbI CIHUHKM 70 Tam moc 2c¢u (88: 2+2—21), His touxn [ smpano nposomar Tropus0HTanBHy1o RHHHIO — IUHHIO rayouHE! npolimet. Or T go B OTKIATEIBAIOT 18 cot (TOCTOAHHO [1A BCex pas- mepos). Hz tourn 6 snpaso mpoBogaT ropH- BOHTANIBHYIO HHO —uHo Oegep, Or I no EH otknappramT 24,5 ¢M, T, &. TONORMHY pasMepa Idec TOTOBHHY mpHOabku Ha cEobop- Hoe oOneranne MHHYC IOJOBHHY DPasHoOcTH MEIAY MePpKAMM BTOpoli HM MEepRoii oKpy2stHO- eveit ppymu (48 : 2+4: 2— (48 — 45). 2= =24,5], 4em OMpPeMeNAIOT MNpPHHY CHBHKH If WMpHHy npolMEL cHHHET. Ws tourn H sus npoBoxar BepTHkKawbHy1 AHHIO Wo TepeceueHtia ee c munueli Gegep. Ha mporu6 GoKoBoro cpesa cniHKM to Tanmit Byle~ BO OTKNapbiBawT 2 ca. Or G go B; orkmagbi- Baw 25,5 Ci, T. €. MONOBHHY MeDKH oKpyHtHo- cTH Gexep moc womOBHHY npHoaBKH Ha cBO- GoqHoe obmerantie no munnn bemep Muntye 2 cat (62: 24+3;2—-2=25,5 cu), 4em onpezenmor IWHPUHY CIHR To mHHHM Genep. Ulupuna CHHHKH 10 JHHUH Higa PABHA UIMpwHe ee 10 mun Gegep (25,5 ca) umm Ha 2 ¢ Gone (27,5). Brruepumsator Goxonoii cpes cnuHKH, coelunaa Touxy AH 1 WHO HUSA, Kak ToKa- 3A8HO Ha teprese. Bokonoli cpes ChMHKH OF JH- Hilt TATUM JO HUSA PABEH AWHHE CcepeaHHEI cnHHKH or J’ no A. Or # no C otxanansizaiot 6 cat, 7. e. '/; uacta pagmepa (48 : 8=6), uem ompesxemmor nonoRH- HY IMHpHHEt upoilimer. Bea mupuna TmpoHMbr papua '/, uacra pasmepa (48 : 4=12). Ws rou- KH C BRePX MPOBOAAT KEPTHKAN_HYIO NHHHIO 70 TICPCCRYeHHA ee C ANHHei wen. ITA AuHuA Onpeyerner WHpUHy cmH. Or A go P orxnageimator 6,5 cm, 7. e.'/; 4acte MePKN OKpyKHOCTH len moe 0,5 on (18 + 34-0,5=6,5 ca). Bro 6yfeT IINpHHa poct- xa. Or P esepx orkmapiipaior 2 cx — BEICOTY poctka. BsetiepunBaioT IHMIO POCTKA, CoeqH- Has TOUKM A 1“ 2 oBaNBHOL MuHHeli, KAK 1OKa- 3aHO Ha YWepTeme (POCTKOM HagbIEBeTCH Ta MACTh BRIPESA AIH MeN, KOTOPaA OTHOCHTCA K cnuuke. BMecte ¢ BLIDesOM AIM We HA MOTOd- Ke pocron cocrannser EbIpes, HagblBpaeMbiit TOp.OBHHOLL). Ckoc Iieveroro cpesa CHHHEH OT JIHHHM 1en 1,5 cu. Iponogar awnuio mmeuenoro cpesa, co- eanuas Tourn 2 u 1,6. Jimnmio muevesoro cpe- Ba TPOTOMHAIOT SA° AMHHIO TIMpHits! CMH Ha 2 cat (41a WocagkKH CIWHKH B Tmesenon qne), Brruepunsalor Gpolimy enuHKU, coesu- HA Kpali Imeyesoro epesa ¢ GOKOBEIM cpeson Yepes BCHOMOPATeIbHbIé TOUKH, KaK MOKAIAHO Ha ‘“epTeme. Tiupnuy counkn no Junin rayomHE: mpoti- MEL oT T 70 C AenaT NONONAM HM OT NOT yueHHO TOUKH BEBO OTENAALIBaioT 1 cu. Ma rouxn 1 EHH2 IPOROAAT BEPTHKANEHYIO JHMIO Jo Tepe- CeYEHHA €& C JHHHeH Oegep, KoTOpan ABUIAeTCA MHHHeH cepesMHEL BLITAUKH. Toyonna BEITAdKIt HO THHHH Tana 3 cm, T.e. m0 1, 5 cu B obe CTOPOHDE OT IMHHH cepesuHEL BEITauKy. JImina BEITAUKI OT JHHHH TATHH BEEpX He FOxo_uT Bo HHH rtyGuHpt mpolimpl Ha 4 ci, a OT TANHH BHHS He JOXOHT JO AMHUH Gemep Takme Ha 4 cm. Tlepeg (pe. 3, 6) B mpazom Bepxuem yray mucta 6yMarn Ha- MeyaioT toury A. Tip momoma yroubHuka we- pes sty TOUKY MPOBO_AT 7Be BsAMMHO Tepren- TWEYISADHBIC JMHMM:. TOpPHS0HTaIbHyI0 — sHi- HHO ie, BEPTHKATBHY!O — THHUIO cCepexiibt Tlepema. Or A go H orknagpiBawrT TaHHy ATA (106 cm). Ms touxn H Bneso mponoyat ropu- B3OHTAJIBHYIO AMHHIO— muWIMO Husa, Or A no T oOTHMa,bIBAIOT ANHHY CUHHKH YO Tain (88 em). He touxn T pmezo mponosxar ropusox- TAIbHYO WHHIO — ano Tamu, Or A zo F oTHaampBaiotT 21 eM, 1. &. TONOBHHY TAMHEI CHHHKH 0 Tamm mmc 2 en (88: 2+2—21). Ha rouxn I’ saeso nporogar ropusonransHyio THHHIO — AHHHIO rny6unEt npolinst, Or T 70 B oTKIamEBaT 18 cw (TlocTOAHHO TA Bcex paa- mepok). Ha rou 6 Bnero npono_aT ropHzoH- TAMbHYIO IHHHIO — auMMO Gegep. Or I’ no OTHTaqLBaoT 27,5 cu, T. 6. NOWOBHY pasmepa Toc NONOBIHY mpHbaBKu Ha croboguoe obme- TAHHe TTC TONOBMHY PaSHOCTH Mem ,y MepKa- MH BTOPOH MH TMepEoli okpytuocreli rpyan [48 : 2+4: 2+(48—45) : 2=27,5], uem onpe- HengOT IUPUNY epeqa wm wuripuny mpotimer mepeza. Hs rouxn HK sans 1 BEEpX MPOBOXAT Hep- THRAMLHYIO NMHMIO: HHS — no mepeceuewun c wHHHeli Genep, BEepx — yo Tepecevenna c H- Huelt men. Ha mporué §ororore cpesa mepeza TiO IWHWM Tamu BUPaEO OTKIALIBAOT 2 cM. Or B xo B; orknagpmawr 29,5 cm, 7. e. mono- BHHy MEPKIt OKpyshocTu Gegep noc nomoBH- HY wpm0abKu Ha cEoboquoe obmeranne mo smu- Hun Genep moe 2 ca (52: 2-38: 24+2=—29,5), eM ONpesens0T INPHHY Nepeza no xanHu Geyep. Wupiina mepefa mo mut HH3a paBHa TIIpHHe ero fo TMHMH Gegzep (29,5 ca) nan Ha 3 cm Gonbme (22,5 cat). Bersepunsaiot Gorosoii Cpes Tepeqa, coequuas Touxy A ¢ amaneli u- Sa, KAK MOKasaHO Ha ueprexe. Borozott epes Tepeya OT TMH TATE 70 Hu3A BEIDPABHHBAIOT TO AauHe GOKOBOrS cpesa CIMHKH OT TANHuH 70 HUA. Or & no 77 ornnapurpator 6 car, v. e. '/a uacte. pasmepa (48: 8=6), 4em ompexeusior nomoBH- HY WHPHHSI Upolime Bea mapwa mpotimer pasia '/; waerH paamepa (48 : 4=12). Ha rou ku IT asepx MpoBogaT BeprnnanbHyw THAW 70 TepeceveHut ee C aitHHel mew. Sra mana ONpewenAxeT WHpPHHY mepena. Or rouxn T go 7, orkmagnmar 2 CM, T. Gy '/, waeTh pasHocTH mMexpy MeDEAMH [HHL me- peza FO TanuH HW DAWHEI ChHHEH fo Tanmt (44-88) : 8=2], uem onpegemsior nomomenne THEHM Tag tepena. Touxy 7, okanpyoit au- uHeit CoequHsior ¢ uporuGom GoKosoro cpesa To-taauu (rourot 2). Or rourn 7) BRepx oT- HUaQBIBaOT MePpKY TAMHEL nepeza 70 Tami (44 cx) wo cranar roury B, yen ompezenaioT Bephiiny ropionnnnt. Hs touxn B Brena mpo- BOLUT TOPHSOHTAILHYIO NHHMIO WU 10 Heit OT- Huasepaior IHpuNy TopopHHbr 6,5 cat, v, 6, \/; user. MepRE oKpY2XHOCTH Ime mmc 0,5 em (18:3+0,5—6,5), u crapar roury A), a BHHS OT TOUKH B orknaguiBator rayOuny ropso- BUHEI 7,5 cat, T, e. '/s 4acTh MepK ORpymHOCTH men mmuoc 1,5 cx (18 : $+1,5=7,5), 1 crapar Toury J]. Brrtepuneaior BbIpes ropaAORHET, wax TokagaHo Ha ‘“eprese. Pagnyeom 7,2, (or onymennott mmo ram XO BPH TOpMOBMHbI) ONUCHIBAIOT Ayry ETe- BO 40 llepecetenus ee c¢ MHNel nonoBUBEI nM- PEEL mpoiimer, Tlepeceyenne gyrm c muted o6osHa4uaior To4Kol Z. Or FE pnpano no gyre or- Kilagpiparr 2 ew, Yen onpezenmor Kpalt 17e- "eBoro cpeza nepea. JInnio mupHHE nepena ot TouxH Jf fo THHMH Wen qenaT Ha 4“erEtpe yactu. Bteryn mpoiimer paxoxar na |/, wacru OT THHHH riyOunE: mpolimer Toury 2 coegu- HMIOT C BEICTYNOM NPOHME, T. ¢. npoBogat BECNOMOPATGABHYIO NHHIO INA BEYepUnZAHAA HpPOHME Tepega. Barmepunsaior mpoiiny mepe- Wa, COCuMHAA Kpali Mieyeboro epesa c GoKo- BEIM cpesom (rouKoi A) uepes scnomoraren- Hble TOUKH, KAK TIOKasaHO Ha 4uepTeme. Or rouxn By (epicmelt rows TOPIOBHHEI) To Ayre preno 70 Tourn M orkaagbiearor |/; uacrh IUHPHHEI ITewenoro cpesa mepega (4,5 em) — aTo GYLeT nepBan AMHUA BRITA. Or rouKH 2 110 AyTe BIpabo oTkNAaREnarrT 2/; uacru moede- Bore cpesa Tepegza (9 car) mw eTaRaT Touxy JJ — sto Oyger Bropag muHua BEIrauKU, Bea mupu- HA TWI€¥eBOro Cpesa Tepela MeHBIe MMIpHHEt IeuveBOrO Cpesa CHUHKH na 2 cM (17a MocankH Cnn). Or 7 saezo no muHuE pry6mr npolimer or- KiagEiBaior paccrosune, paBHoe orpesky BML MuHyc 1 cm, 4yem onpegensior nonomenne yeHT- pa BbITAUKH. Touxn Mf u JT wa gyre coenumator c nent- POM BEITaAUKH. DIHHy BTOpOl NHHHH BEITadKH BEIPABHHBAIOT i10 TepBolt. Ana BEYePUMBAHUNA BLITAYKH mo mH Ta- UHH OT WeHTpa M1eueBOH EBLITAYKH BHHS MpoEo- AAT ECHOMOPATENLHYIO BEPTHKANEHYIO HHO Ao trepeceyvenuan ee ¢ munMeli Gegep. Tny6una BRITAUKH 0 AHHUM Tam 4 es, T. e. no 2 cat B oGe cTopoHEr oT BCHoMoraTemBHoit «HHI. F[awHa BHTAUKE oT TAIN BREPpX He joxoauT 20 AMHUM riyOnHL mporMEr Ha 6 ce, ot TanHT BH He FOXOUHT 2O IuHmt Gegep na 2 eax. Cepeaquny Uepega or Tourn H yamunator na CTOIBKO, HA CKONBKO OnycTHIach THHUA Ta- HH, T. €. Ha oTpesox TT), 1 BEraepunRaior nua Tepefa, CO@AHHAA TINaBHOM mMNHMelt yooMHeH- HylO cCepequHy Nepesa c BLIPAaBHeHHEIM GoKo- BEIM cpegom. Ilonyuennntit veprex act BErKpoliKy maaTEx 6e3 mpudaBku Ha msn, [Ip packpoe x BEIKpoti- Ke UpHOapiaiwT Ha UINpHHy mumor: B pocrKe H roprosune — 0,5—0,7 cat, B Heuenom cpese CHUHK It nepeqa — 1,5 cm, B Goronom cpesze CIHAKH HW nepeza — 2—3 cm, no mpolime ennn- KW H Tepeqa— 1 ca, Ha noOgxWMEKyY H5A — 4—5 em. Tie ocnonnoit EHKpolike momHo xpouTE TMaThe, OTPesHoe 0 JHMM TAaTHH, “ Gmysy. {jai mata, oTpestoro no Tamm, BETKpoiiKy OTPe3aloT 110 AHHH Tai COMHKH 1 nepeza. flaa Gyrysnt BEIKpOliky oTpesaior mo enmEKe 1 tepeny BHUS of Tanum Ha 15—16 cw. (Ha pe. 3 nmHHa oTpesa noKasaHa nyHKTHpom). Ilpa packpoe tara, orpesHoro mo rami, K HHSY Wuba npubablaoT na WOR W sanac 3—4 em. K woke no tammy npHoasnaor ua mos 1—1,5 eat. [ua nogmuskH naa 6ay3Er Mpidarnawor 2—3 ca. 10 Pykaeza (puc. 3, 6, 2, 0) Tlpetge Uem eTpouTs ueprem BHEpOK py- KABA, H3Me@PAINT OKPY2KHOCTL IPOHMEI, coeAn- HMB BEIKPOHKY CHHHKM H Tepega t1mexeBnt- MH cpeSaMl, KAaK OKAasaHO Ha pic. 3, 6. OKPYRHOCTh polmMEr B ZaHHOM ciyyae 44 cm. Ha «mere OymMarn Hameusior roury O (pue. 3, 2). Ms rourn O sums mposogzar nep- THRAIBHYIO JIMHWIO — AWHWIO CepeaANHET py- napa. Or O x0 A orknapppaior ~Amuny pykana mio mepKe (60 car). ‘epes rouky H nponoyzar TOPHS0HTaIBHyIO JMHMIO — JHHHIO HH3a py- kana. Or O go A orTenantBatot 15,7 cat, gt. @. ‘/; 4acTb OKDYHOCTH Mpolimbt moc 1 ex (44:3+1=15,7), — puicory okata py- Kapa. Ms rourn A snpazo BeBO NpOEOLAT ropu- SOHTANBHYIO JHHHIO — JIHHHED BEICOTET onaTa pyKaEa HHA Heli or TOUKH A go Tower C nu IZ OTEIATbIBAOT TO HOJOBHHE LIHDPMHBI pyKaBa (19 cm). Bex mupmea pyKara pana 38 cu, T. €, ORDPYKHOCTH pOHMbt minye 6 car (44—6=38 em). Hs rourn C un TU npn nomomp YOIbHHKA BHHS TPOBOLAT EePTWKANEHEIe JH- HMM JlO NepeceveHuA WE C THHMeit Husa pyKa- Ba. Touxy O coemunaior ¢ roukamn C un 7. fing ELMUYCPYHBAHNA Okava sapueli “acTH pyKaBa nuumo OC genat Ha TpH uacTH. [ima Bidepun- BaHHA OKaTa Nepegueli vacth pyKaza AMHM0 OW genst wa 4 4actu. Briyepunsawr muHH10 OKATA DYKABA Wepes BCHOMOTATeIEHEIe TOUKH, Kak WOKasaHO Ha wepTeme. Tlomyyenuntit ueprem gact Bbixpolixy Ges TIPHHYCKOB Ha WEE Ip packpoe npuOapaoT Ha IHPHHY DIBA To cpesaM W HUSyY pyHaRA 1—1,5 cu. Tlo nun okaTa pykaba upubaBKn Ha MOB He MemaroT. Brrkpoliky TpexuergepTHoro pykaspa (pHc. 3, 0) crpont mo BLIXpolixe ocHoBHOTO, Jina oTO- TO OT HUSA pyKana oTpesazoT |/, uaerh ANHHBI ero, COXPAHHA opMy H¥MHero cpesa PyKaBa. fina BEIKpOKH pyKasa, saykeHHOorO HHUBZYy, CHHMAIOT IIMPHHY ero EB lepegHemM u gagHeMm cpese. IllupwHa sayntenHoro KHMay pyraBa foOu+#Ha ObITh paBHa OKDYKHOCTH PyKU HIDKe HOKTSH mai0e 2c Ha cBo6omHos ofmeranue. Hisaumek DIpHHLE pykaba DaciipeseiawT Tak: 4 cM — 2 EBMTAYKY HA SARHEI YWacrH pyKa- pa, ‘/; acth ocTaTKA amma cH MAIOT OT Tepeguero cpesa, a 3/;— oT 3aqnero cpesa. Koporkei pykas pmol 20—25 cat pni- Kpanhaior no OCHOBHOH BBIKpOlKe. Cpesn py- Kaa yEopaumnaiT Ha 1 cit, ii BopoTHaer OTAORHOH BOPOTHHK Ana SaKPHTONH BacremkH (puc. 3, e) Ha anere 6ymarui Hameuator roury A. Ip TOMO YrOMDHUKA wepes TouRy A nporo_sT Be EBsgaiMHO NepheHauKyIApHEIe HHUH. Io TOPHsONTANbHOn anna or TOUR A go B o7- HamErpaioT 18,5 ci, 7. 6. MepKy okpyixHocTH men mmoc 0,5 et (18+0,5—18,5) — anuny Bopotinna. Hs rourn G sans mpoBosaT Bepru- KaNBHYH IuHuIO. OT TOURH A BHI oTKTAALI- Bat 2 cM, BEMepineaot ANHMHio IpHIIMBA BO- POTHIHKA, COBNHHHA TWAaBHOlt mine TouKH 2 u 5, Kak TlokasaHo Ha wepreme, Or rouKn 2 BHHG oTRIAa_ETRaIOT INpUAy BO- potHuka 7—8 cu. M3 rouxn 7—& suparo mpo- EOLAT TOPUSOHTANEHYO TMHHIO, Mposomman ec BA NHHHWO [JMIHbI BOPOTHHKA Ha 2 cH (TJIA BEI- cryna yriob BopoTHuKa). Touxu 6B u 2 coenu- HAT IIpAMol sMHHeli. OrmomHo BOPOTHHER Aaa BacTeMEKH C OTKDHTHMEH GCopTamn (pwc. 3, ac) Ha maecre Gymara nHameuaror troury A. Ip TOMO yrOIbHHKA wepes TOoUKy A mpoRozAtT Ree BSANMHO TepleHqukysapible auminr. Io TOPUSOHTANSHOH THM oT ToUKH A go B or KagEpaot 18,0 cM, T. €. Mepky oKpynoctit men naioc 0,5 ca (18+0,5=18,5),— qonny nopoTHuka. He Tour 5 BHHS NpoROAAT Bep- THKAIbHYIO JIMHWIO MH Ha Hell OTKIAEBAIOT 1,5 cm, Brruepunmaior auniio TpHmiiba BOpOT- HEKA, COe@MMHAA DaaBHoit munvelt Tourn A u 1,5, Kak DoKasano Ha ‘wepTeme. Or trourn A BHHS OTKTATDIBAIOT MMpNny sopotHuka 7—8 cm (aa Bcex pasmepos), Hz TOWKH *7—6& BIPABO MpOBO_AT ropHsonTaueHy10 AHHHIO, IpOMOTKAR €e SA WHHWIO ANHWHEI BOpoT- Hina Ha 2 cat (419 BLICTYHa YriOB BOpoTHHHa), Tourn 1,6 a 2 coegimawr upAmoit munnell, Tlenmpuekpoenni otraomnoit BopoTHUE (pue. 4, a) Ha nucre Gymarn ofs0gAT BEINpOLKY mepesa anda u K Heli mpwuepunEaioT BopotHim. [na NMOCTPOCHHA THEW pHa OT HiatHero yria TOPMOEHHE! To CepemHHe nepesa BANS OTKTa- Teper 2 ¢M, Touky 2 coeqmasior c BepxHnM YPAOM TOPIOBHHLI, Wposomikad NWHHIO BEGDX oT Timewenoro cpesa Ha 8 cH, T, €. Ha WMpHHy pocrra moe 1,5 cu (6,5-+-1,5=8 em) (ase PHETCH TO BLIKDOlke cHMNKH). Tlog NpaAMEIM rom K ANE mpHUIHEa oT- EJAUEIBaIOT LIMpHHY BOpOTHHKA csagu 8— 10 cm, Brrepunzawr oraetuoii cpes u yraEt BOPOTHHKA CorfacHo cbacouy. K cepegiine me- pena ipiGannsior wa saxoy sacrexnit 2—3 cat. Ormedaior MecrTo Bepxueii neTau MH BRICTYD JIVIOE BOPOTHHKA CBOAAT K SAXOAY sacTexKKH. Tle qpHoKpoenHit nmewxatnit BOpoTHUE (pyc. 4, 6) Ha auere Gymaru o6bonaT BRIKpOHKYy Mepena THPA 1 ik Hell mpuyepurnaior BopoTHuK. [ina TOCTPOcHHA IHN TIPHWIIBa OT HMIKHero yrua FOPIGBKHEL BREpK OTKIagbiBaIT 8 cH. Touny 3 COeAHHAIOT C BEPSHHUM YOM TOpNOBUHEI, mpo- HOMKad THHWIO BREPX OT Tmeyenoro cpesa Ha 8 cm, T. e. Ha UIMpHHy pocrka moc 1,5 car (6,5+1,5=8). Ilog, UPAMEIM YraOoM K AHHHH IpHiinna oT RUALBIBAIOT INMPHNY BopoTHAKa csagu 10— 12 cat, Bariepuupaior ornerHoit cpes HM Yrabt BOPOTHHKA cormacno thacony. KH cepesune mepe- Pue, 4, Densyoxpoeume sopornunn: e—oTomuoh; Om aexaunh; ¢ — aoporsiKx-cTonka, 12 Ha Npybapimior Ha gaxoq aactemku 2 — 3 cH, OTMeUaIOT MecTO REpXHEelt TeTAW H BbICTYN YINOB BOPOTHMKAa CROAT K BaxOTY SacTeKKH. fimmuy ofietHoro cpesa BOpoTHUKA csagu yze- THuBaMT Ha 2 cst, JIMHMIo IpHWINBa BOpOTHH- Ka K pOCTKY BbIKpaHnaloT c IporHOom Ha 0,5 ca. Ilenbuorpoennlt BOPOTHHK-cToOlta (puc. 4, a) Ha sucre 6ymarn obsonaT BLIKpOlKy Mepega IH@a W K Heli IpHuepunNBaloT BopoTHHE. [lag TOCTPOGHHMA JIMHMM TIPHUHEa OT HAIKHErO ya TOPJOBHHEI BHHS HO JWGHHH CepeyHHbI Tepeza oTKiagEipanr 4—5 cu. Toury 4—5 coefnHawrT © BePXHUM YOM TOPNOBMHE HW NpoLonmator JMWHHIO BREPX OT Wleweroro cpesa Ha 8 em, T. €. HA IWHpiny pocrka nmoc 1,5 ca (6,5-+-1,5=8). Tog IpAMEIM yIJIOM K NHHEH TpHIIMBA oT- HUAMBIBANWT IWHpPHHY BOpOTHHKA c3aqH 3— 5 cw. Hameyaior otnernoit cpes napammenbuo HHI IPHIBa (IIPHMepHO oO KDaAA I1meweRO- TO cpesa), OCTAMLHY! yacTh OTAeTHOTO cpesa H EBICTYN YOR BOPOTHHKA CTpOAT cormacHo tba- couy. K cepegune nepega npHOapngior Ha 3a- xog Bactesxuu 2—3 cw. OTMeuawT MecTO Bepx- Heli MeTIH, BLICTYH YrAOR BOPOTHHKA CBORAT K saxogzy sactemnm, Ecrm nepen memuitt (fea sa- CT@KKH), TO BLICTYN YOR BOPOTHHKa CEORAT K OTMeweHHOH rayGuHe TOpmOBHHEI. BbIKPOHKA TIPHIETAIOMIETO HDA (puc. 5) Ueprem Bikpolinu npumerasomero mba (pasmep 48) erpont mo cleqyIOWMM MepkKam (B car): 1. Orpymnocts men (OHA) . . - - é 18 2. Tleppan oxpyuocrp rpyan (JOP) . . . . . . 46 8, Bropax okpysknocts rpygu (/IOF) . ~ AS 4. Onpyinnocre Tanna (OT) 2 1. + ee. ss 88 5. Oxpysmnocr, Gezep (GB) . , = = 62 6 [inna pyrana (HP) es ee ho 160 7. [inuna cnunkn fo rannn (FCT) . . . , 38 8. [inuia negenua (7H) . 2... ee 2 108 9. [inaHa mlepema go tTanun (FT)... . 51 (44 Tol DeAMUMHE caeAyeT BHYECTh RmHny pocr- Ka 00 BOPHYTOH Aus T CM, JIA Yeprexa mony- unten mepsa 51—7=44), KRouTponmnyupe MeEepKH 1, Ultpeua enuaxn (HC) c ws 17,5 em 2, Ulapuwa Gwcra (QB)... .. - . . 28,5 » Ha esoboguoe obmeranie muda jaercn mpit- 6aBKa HK OKpyseHocTH Tpymn 2 cat. Wepre CHHHKH I Mepega CTPOAT OTMETBHO. Puc. 5. Buxpoiixa mprneratontero smbat @—cnunsd; G—nepen: a — pyeas, Pacuernt K Ueprexy BLINDOLNM MpHTeraoulero amtpa. Couuka (pre. 5, a) Or A no T 38 ca — nO Mepke AMAbI CIMHTIL qo Tas. Or A no f19 car — '/) tacTR ATHHEI CHUHKE HO Taq. “Or f x0 K 23,5 ea —'/, acts pasmepa mmoc '/; “acts ipliGasnu na cpobognoe obme- rawHe munye '/) uacrs pasHocTH Meztay Mep- KAM BTOpOt u mepBoll oKDystHocTeli rpyAu. Or K ao € 5,5 cw —'/y "acta pasmMepa Mu nyc 0,5 cat (romonuHa wupHanr mpolimer). Ber mupHia mpolimer 11 car ('/; 4acth pagmepa Mu- Hye 1 em). Or A no P 6,5 ca — 1/5 uacTE MepRH OKpyoK- HocTH men mmoc 0,9 cat. Tlepeg (puc. 5, 5) Or A zo T 38 ch — 00 Mepke (NHB CITT no Tam. Or A no I 19 cu — '/o vacTh HEE CIHR fo TasHH. Or [ no K 26,5 cm —'/> uacts pagmepa nmoe '/, uacth upHdasKku Ha caobogHoe obze- rane miunoc '/, uacrh pasHOcTH Mealy MepKa- MH BTOpoli H NWepBolt okpysnocTe Tpyau. Or KH no W 5,5 ca —'/, uacts pasmepa wi- nyc 0,5 cat (1onoBHHAa IWMpHHEI npolimst). OrT no T, 2 cm — '/5 tacts pasHocTm Mezm- ZY MepKan QAMHEI Nepesa LO TANNH HW DAME CHHHEH [0 TauHu. Or 7; n0 B 44 cw — m0 Mepke AHHEI Tepeza oO Tanuy, Or B go B, 6,5 cm — |/5 uacrs MepKu oKpya- HocTH wien moc 0,5 ca. Or B po 7 7,5 em —‘/; 4acth oxpystHocTH qien moc 1,5 cM, Or # snpazo mo gyre 2 ca — Kpali naeweno- To epesa NonouKH. Touka 2 — BeNHUNHA Herlo- croguuad. (Iloqpo6Hoe onncanue ee cM. Ha erp. 8). Or 8, ao M 4,5 cm mo ayre — ‘js uacTs mt PHHEI [eyeroro epesa. Or 2 70 JI 8 cm wo pyre — 7/s 4acTH UEIpHHEL TeweBoro cpesa. TpexueTBepTHol pyxkaeB (puc, 5, 6) Ot O no H 45 cu — 0 MepKe AJMHEI pykana. Or O po A 14,5 cw — '/; uneTs oRpystHocTH Tpoiimer moe 1 cw (BBICcoTa okaTa). Or A no C 17 cn — (oxpysHocrs mpolimnr muuye 6 cm): 2 (non0BHHA IIHPHHEI pyrana). Or A go W217 ca — (oxpy2tnocts mpolimn MuHye 6 cCM):2 (NONOBHHA IIMpHHET pyka- na). Oxpymnocrs poiiMEt 3 TaHHOM MpuMepe 40 em. Ueprexs 1punerawmero Uda crporrca, Kak “eprest ocHoBHoll BLIKpoliku muaTba (cM. puc. 3). HOCTPOFHHE BLIKPOHKIL IWJIATbLA C KOPOTRHM TEJIBHOKPOEHBIM PYKABOM (puc. 6) Bsixpoiiky Matha ¢ WeMbHORpOeHbIM Kopor- KUM DYKABOM CTpOAT No OCHOBHOH BEIRpOIKe TLIATh A. CnounKa (pue. 6, a) Ha neve Gymarn obbogaT ocHOBHYIO BEI- Kpoiiky couHK maths. Ha obpeqenHyio BbI- Rpoliky HAaHOCAT ANH TAH, Gegep, raryGi- HbI NPOHME H JMHHIO WIMPMHbI CHUM. Tiete- HOH cpeS CIHHKH B pocTKe MomHIIMalI0oT HA 0,5 ex, mo-KDaro Ie4enoro cpesa Ha 2 cI, Tpo- OMRUB OTY WHHHIO HA WmAy pykapa 5—6 cat. Borogoii cpes nogHumarr spepx Ha 1 ca. Jia BEIMCPYHBAHHS Chesa PYKABA JNTIO DOMpMHET CHHHEM JeAT Ha Tp daeru u on |/; wacru o7- Rianpizaior 3,5 cu. Beriepanpaior epes pyKana YWepes ECHOMOraTeIbHEIe TOUKH, Kpait pykana ckammsaiot Ha 1 ca, To cepenmne maeuenoro epesa obopmimor mporn6é ua 0,5 ca. a5 a o Puc, 6. Moerpocana BHEPOMKH Matha © RODOTKUM MenbHORDOSHLIM pyraBort: a —cnnAka; 6 — nepor, Hepex (pie, 6, 6) Ha acre 6ymarn o6nomar BHIKpOKY Nepena maaTas. Ha o$seqennyio BLIKpOLKY HanocaT HHH Tanun, Gezep, rry6mas mpotimer w m- Huio UlMpunbr Tepega. Ineyenolt epes nepeza Y FPOPNOBHHE! if 10 AWHHH BhITauKE onycKaloT Ha 0,5 cH, a Ilo HDA mera NOZHUMAIOT HA 1 cm. Satem mpozommaior era na THY pyKa- Ba 5—6 cx. Boxozoil cpes nepena noauumaror BRepx Ha 1 om, [lua BErepunania €pesa PYKaBAa JHIHO IIHPHHEI nepefa Tenar wa tpn uacty wm or '; yacTH oTKTagEinaior 2 ex. Barmepunsair epées PYKaBa Yepes BCOMoraTensubie rouKn. Kpali pykasa ckammeaior ya 2 cay, a4 NOCTPOEHHE BBIKPOIHEH TATRA € KOPOTKHM I{EJIbHOKPOEHBIM PYKABOM H JACTOBHUEH (puc. 7) Bukpoliky mmataa ¢ Koporkium WeubHORpOe- HEIM PYKABOM H JaCroniuweit erpoar me ocHos- HOH BEIKpolike nmaaTBa, Cama (puc, 7, a) Ha amcre. 6ymarn o6pogar OCHOBHYI0 BEI- KpPOHKY COHHEH mmaTaa, Ha oGgexennyi #BbI- Kpoliky Hanocar miunm Tamim, benep, riyOunst HPOHMEL H IMHIHIO WMDHEEI cHHHKH. Tlneveroii Cpes CHHHKH B pocTKe TO_HHMAWT Ha 0,5 cm, mo Kpaio [evenoro cpesa—na 2 ca. [laa OHPeACIeHHA HANDARTeHHA NMompeson xns sa- CTOBHNLI 10 NHHHH UWMPHHEI CHHHKM BHepx oT TUHHH THyGuHb! mpolime: oTKmagbisaior 2 cx 1 OT TOHKH 2 & cTOpoHy GoKoRoro epeaa — 1,5 cat, Tio Gokonomy epeay nuua or sy Daly GHHBI MpoliMbl orKmanbinawr 2 ca. Tourn 1,5 1 2 (mo Goxonomy epesy) coenuHaor. Ujaia Gonee quHHOre pykaka ametio TOoypesa mpowomEaior BHUs Ha 8—5 em. Tog npaAMEim JTIOM K IHMBM NOmpesa oF ToEKI 2 oremayzt BaioT 15 cH, T. e. mupity PYKaba, papHyio mo- MOLNHEe MePKM OKpyIHOCTH PYKH BbIte moRTA muny¢e 1 eat (nanpumep, ecan OKPYIKHOCTE py- kn 32 cu, mupuna Pykana 6yget papua 32: 2—1=15 em). Kpait nog#aTore naeuenoro cpesa (TouKy 2) coemuator c ormeueHHoit un PHHOt pykana, [Imumy pynana HaMepaiorT or Kpaa Nieyeporo cpesa (21 cm). Io cepennne IMIEXEBOrO Cpesa OopMaior nporvo ua 0,5 cM. Tepeg (puc, 7, 6) Ha mucre Gymarn o6soqa7 OCHOBHY1O BEI- KpolKy Tepeya mnaraa. Ha obneqenHyIo Bul KpoHKY HAHOCHT JME Tam, Gexep, ray6unzt HPOHMBI It THHIWIO mnEpuHEr trepefa. Tayouny nuevenol BEITaTKH or Bropolt mmm yMerh- maior Ha 1—2 eM (qm ManeHBKoro Giocra Ha 1 cw, a ana Gontmore — na 2), CoorszeTcrreHHo YMeHEUAIOT AIMAY Weyerore cpeza Ha 2 cay, (Ytenpmennag eprrauka 1 TepeqBHAy TSM Kpait MTe4enoro epesa OTMeyTeHET WMTPHxAaMH,) BaTen MMeTeBOH Ches noTOYRN y TopTOBUHET UY To mH HHAM BBITAYEN onycKalor na 0,5 cat, a mo Kpaio Tlevenoro cpesa mWogHuMatoT Ha 1 car, Aus ompenexeuus Hanpabaenua nompesa ana TACTOBUEE 110 AWHHH WIMpHHEt epega oT mt Hun TuyGunsr Tpotimbt Bsepx orknagitzaror 2 em, OT TOURH 2 B cropoHy Gokororo cpesa oTkagEiBaioT 1,5 cat. To Goxozomy Cheay BHye pmpeso nega @ 0 Puc, 7. Iocrpoenme niixpolixn maatha ¢ KopoTHHa TGABHORPOCHLIM PYKABOM HW TacToBuneit: @— chupxa, 6 —nepen; 9 —ndezouitna. OT NUHEH PMYOHHEI Npoiimpr orkmappmaior 2c, Touxu 1,5 u 2 (10 GoxoBomy cpeay) co- eXuHaI0T. Aaa Sonee ANHHHOTO pyKaBa nHHIIO NOmpesa UpoLOmRAIOT BHUs HA 3—5 ca. Ton mpamei YOM HK WHHWM nWorpesa oTEnAgLBawr 13 cat, T. €, IHPHHY DYKABA, PABHYIO MONOBHHe MepKH OKPYEHOCTH PYKM BBINIe JIOKTH MuHYc 3 car. Kpaii nogHaroro mmeyuenoro cpeza (rouxy I) co- G0HHAIOT ¢ OTMCYCHHOH IWIMpuHOK pyKana. Jm- HY PYKABA Tepexa HSMePHIOT IM BRIPABHHBAIOT COrmacHo [JIHHe PYKAEA CNMHK. JiactToBHia (pune. 7, 4) Tipu ToMomHu yroIbHHKa MpoBO_AT TEe Baa- IMHO TepleHsHKYIApHEIe mun. Toury mepe- cedeHna obosHauaioT 6yKEoH A. Or rourn A B ofe CTOpOHb! 10 ropHsOHTasIbHOl JHE OTKTa- @binaior m0 4,5 cs, T. ©. 10 TOmOBMHe TIMpUEEI 15 HACTORIMET (1OM0BHHA DIMDHHEI TacToBMiEt pas- Ha TONOBMHE IMIPHHE! upolimer muuye 1,5 car). Buns of Toukn A orkuagsipaior 4 cx (HatEtit KOHEY JACTORHMHI, KOTOPEL BIMEAIOT B GoKO- Bolt nios), Brepx or Touxm A orksaybinaior 10 ca — orpesox, paRHErit anuHe nopxpesa or Tourn J,5 20 19a pyKana. Or TouRn 10 Bneso H BUPABO OTKMIALLIBAIOT To TOmORHHE MEMpNHEt JIACTOBHINEE B PyKane, T. e. no 2 cm, Wlupuny UACTOBUIE! B NPOMe COCHHHIOT IPAMEIMIE JIE- HUAMH C IHPHHOH B Pykane H HWM KOHOM JIACTOBHTLBE. TIOCTPOEHHE BLIKPOHKH TWAThA C TENTbHOKPOERBIM TJIHHABIM PYKABOM H JLACTOBHIKEM (puc. 8) BEIKpOliky TaTba ¢ LeNHOKpCeHbIM [JIHH- HEIM PYKABOM H JIACTOBMIeH CTpoAT m0 ociLoB- HOH BEIKpOKe maaThs. Ilo sTroli me BEIKpOKe MOJKHO CKPOHTh IWAaTbe ¢ TpeXteTRepTHbIm py- HABOM. Cuuura (pxe. 8, a) Ha mucte GymMarn 5 JenoM BepxHem yray o6- BORAT OCHOBHYIO BEIKpOLKy COHHKH Maths. Ha o6zenenityio Bixpolixy HanocAT mun Ta- num, Genep, TiyOuHEI MpPOHME! 1H HHO mopH- HEI CUHHER. [[mevenoii cpes chiHRH NO_HUMAarIOT B pocTke ua 0,5 cm, mo Kpalo mmeueRoro cpe- Sa — Ha 2 cH, [na onpeyeleHua HAIpAENeHuA Tompesa pA TACTOBHULI OT AHHH IIHPHHbl CHHHEH 10 JIH- HHM MIyOMHEI MPOUMLI B CTOpOHy HoROBOTO cpe- 88 OTKTagEIBaIT 1,5 cw, mo OokoBOMy cpesy BHHS OF JHHHH TIYOUHET 1poHME OTKIAALIBAIOT 6 cat. Tourn 1.5 1 6 coexntaioT n npo;onmanr JIHHMIO Tompesa Ha 5 cat 3a OOKOBOL cpes. Or Tourn 6 (m0 GokoBomMy cpesy) mox mpaz- MBIM YFJIOM K TMH Tloqpesa oTkTaaqbimanT 19 ca, T. 6. WIMpHHy pykaba BBepxY, PaBHYy0 TOWOBHHEe WIMPHHEI BTAUHOTO pyRKaBa. Jina Ha- HPaBleHHA BepkHero chesa PykaBa MOMHATHIL Kpalt Tmeuerora cpeta coequnaior ¢ oTMeyeH- HOW MIMpHHolt pykana (Touka 19) u mpofor- IKAIOT IMHO BHAS. OT Kpan Mmeyenoro cpesa WO MpokexeHHOli THHUM OTKNagbInaioT poy pykaza 60 ca. [lox mpawemt yrmom kK AmmHe PYRAEA MPOBOLAT IMHO WIHPUHEI DyKaBa BHH- ay, Ilo mint umpuHLt pykaba Bua oTKTagEI- Batt 2 cu. Touxy 2 10 JIMHelike coeqHHaI0T € OTMGYCHHOI IMMDPHHOM DYKOBA BREpKY H oop- MJIAIOT BLILYKAOCTE BepxHero cpesa DyKaBa, Hak MOKASAHO Ha wepTeme. To HHH H138 pyKaBAa oT TOURN 2 oTKRAALI- BAIOT WIMpUHY pyKaza BHHsy 12 cH. [na obop- wijenis HWIEHeTO cpesa pyKana TouKy 12 co- ORHHMOT € KOHIOM Togpesa AJ TacTOBHIDI, rourol 5. Tepe, (puc. 8, 6) Ha acre Gymaru B HepxHemM MpaBOM Yay OOsORAT CCHORHY!O. BLIEpOWKY MmaTbA. Ha o6ze- feHwylo HLKpOHKy HaHOcAT AMAMH rayOuter TpolMET, TAIN, Oeqep 1 WHMIO IWNDIHET me- pea. TPayOuny BbITauKI OT BTOpol HHI yMeHb- maior Ha 1—2 em (a7 Manenpkoro 6rocTa Ha 1 caw, 448 Gonpmore— Ha 2). CooTBeTcTBeHHO a Ana onpemelenia HaTIpaBIeHHiA Tlozpesa IA JACTOBHILBI OT HHL TiM{pHHs! Tepesa moO UHHH PIVOHHEL Mpolimp! B cTopoHy OoKOBOoro cpesa oTKmagbipaioT 1,5 cat, no GoKOROMY cpe- Sy BHHS oT muni raoyOHHEr mpolimnt —6 cas. Tourn 7,5 um 6 coequHAIoT 1 Mposonmaior TH- HHIO Topesa Ha 5 cat ga GoKoROH cpes. Or rouxn 6 (10 GoKosomy cpesy) mom mpa- MEIM YOM K JHHHH Togpeda OTKAaLbIBa‘oT 16 cm, 7. €. WINPHHY PYKABA BEepXY, pasHy1o TMOUJOBMHE INHpHHE! BTadnoro PyKABA MHHyC 3 cu. [ing HanpaBmeHia BepxXHero cpesa pyka- Ba IOLHATEHI Kpali WeweROro cpesa CoemHHAIOT ¢ OTMENCHHOM IMpPMHO PYKABA H MPOMOTKaoT D Puc. 8. Tlocrpocne sikpoiikm mxatsA ¢ MenDHOKPOOHMIM AMMHHEIM pyKABOM i Jactosmteli: a—= compxa; 6 —Nnepen; # — aacToniua. YMCHBIUNaIOT ,HHy mmewesoro cpesa (yMecHb- {HeHUAA BLITAUKA H MepeMeIMeHHEI Kpalt m7e- WeBorO cpesa OTMCYEHB! MITpUxaMi). datem me- “enoit cpes TOOUKH y TOPIOBHHEI H IO JIHHUAM BHITATKH onyckatT Ha 0,5 cw, a oO Kpaio 7e- yenoro cpese nonHuMAaIoT Ha 1 cm. 16 mMHHIO BHHS. OT Kpas 1eYeBOTO cpesa To mpo- BeeHHON IHW OTKIag_biBaloT AaHHy PYKaBa Tlepeza Ha 2 cit MeHBIe, uem y cnuunn (58 cat). Tio, npaMsim yrioM K WHHe pykaBa mpoBKosar JMHHIO UpHHET pyxasza BHHsy. Ilo AMMEN UIH- PHHEI pykasa BHUS OTKMAanEiRaloT 5 cat. Toury 5 70 qmHelike coequHAIOT c oTMeueHHOM mMpH- Holt pyKana BRepxy (BepxHHii epes pyKana). OtbopMaaw? BEINYKAocTh BepxHErO cpe3a, Kak ToKAsaNo Ha yepreme. Tlog npAMbim yroom i BepXHEMY Cpeay OTKIALLIBAIOT LINpHHy PYKa- Ba BHusy (11 car). Dua obopmienna HaeHero epesa pykapa Toury if coeaNHaior e ROHTIOM HoApesa AMI acTORMUbI, ToUKOR 5, [na IONYYeHUA BEIKDOMKH TPeKYeTBEPTHOTO py- KaBa JTHHY PyKaBa CIWHRE HM nepeya yMeHE- mart wa '/; 4acTh BCei AMHEI, T. e. YKODAYH- BaloT pyKaB Ha 14—15 ca. Jlactosnuma (pune. 8, 6} Tip momo yroubHika IpoBomAT abe Bsa- UMHO TepleHMUKyIApHEIe TuHNH. Toury mepe- ceyennsa o6oaHauaioT 6yKBoii A. Or TouKH A no TOpHs0uTaNbHolt MMMM B OGe CrOpoHE! oTKma- ABIBAIOT 10 4,5 CM, T. €. TO MOWOBHHe INTpHHET MACTOBMILE (MOA0BHHA LHPHHGI 2acToBHIDi PAaBHA NOMOBHHE IIMPHHEL IpolimMEr -MMHyc a = s 3 Sy & g NOCTPOEHHE BLIKPOMKH WHOA PETIAH {puc. 9) Buikpoliky auda perian cTpoaT m0 ocHoBHO BBIKDOHKE Titha WiaThs 1 pykapa. Ha Bpmpoil- Ke pykana (pic. 9, a) oTmewaioT KOHTPOEHEIE TOUKH; B SaQHeH wacTH — Ha TepeceyveHuH OKa- Ta CO BCIOMOPATeIBHOM smTHTel, B TepeqHelt YAcTH — Ha 2,0 CM HiwKe TepeceueHHa HHH OKaTa co BeMoMoraTenBHOl mune, Bercpoliny DYKABA PASPesaHOT TO AHHH CcepexMHEI, UroOLt OTMCNHTE SANHIOIO HacTE OT TepeqHelt. CIHHKA H 340A YACTE pyKaBba perman (puc. 9, 6, 4) Ha mucte Oymara OOBORAT OCHOBHYIO BBI- Kpolky CHHHKH wHda Wiatas. Ha ofpeqeHHyio BRIKDOWKY HAHOCHT JMHHIO riyOUHEL MpotiMer Mi AHHHIO WApHHbI canHku, IIpoituy yrayonsior na 1,5 cm. Sarem HaxoOyST KOHTPOILHYH ToOUKy HpouMEL perwan HA HHH IWHpUNET CnHHKtH. fims store or 2HHHH MiyOMHEI WpOlMEr OTK1a- {IbIBAIOT BREpx 4 cat. OT KOHTPONBHOT TOUR 70 yrayOneHna mpolimer mo GoKoBomMy cpesy (Tou- Pue. 9. Toerpoeuue siipolina mtha pernzau: a — pykas; 6¢— cniika Ww oamian wacty pykana 1,5 cm). Baus or rourn A orkaappipawr 6 cat (HIGRHHH KOHeM TacTOsHIb, KOTOpLIi BXOTUT B 6oropol mon), Baepx or Tou A oTKMayEr- BaloT oTpesok 12 cv, PaBHEI qHe Wo_pesa or roukn 1,5 70 Tourn 6 (ua pyKane). Ulupany 1 KOHUE TACTOBHIIB COeAMHAIOT To JmHeHKe. 2 Onexna aan MomonemH i7 Peraan; @.¢— tepea mw nepenuna yacte pyKana per Ka 1,5) BEUepwNBAIOT MaBHOl aMnueli HuK- HOW) “acTh TIpOHMEI periaH, Kak NOKasaHo Ha yepreme. Jina otbopmnenua nepxHeit uacrit TIpOMB1 PperiaH JHHHWIO pocTKa JenAT Tonmo- aM WH MONYYCHHYIO TOUKY COeLMHAIOT BCTOMO- TATENLHOM aAmnMelt c KOHTpOMBHOH TouKoit J. BcnomorarewbHyl0 IUHMIO ReIAT WOTOaM MW OT- Knagsinaiot BBep= 1 cn. BrruepumparrT Bepx- HIOIN YACT IPOMMBI Periak, COeRUHAA TNONOBH- HY DOCTKA ¢ KOHTPONLHO! TOUKOH WIABHOH Jn- Hue, Kak HoKasaHO Ha wepreme. Ilneuenoit cpes ciuHEH B pocTKe nogHHMawT Ha 0,5 cat, A Kpaii mmeyenoro cpesa — Ha 1,5 cw, To pat EDYGHHOH IMHHH WPOHMbI PeriaH BHKpOHKY paspesaror. Aa WocTpoecHHA BIKPOMKM sannel Wacrn © PYRABA PeTWAn K OCHOBHOL pBHIKpolike sanqueit MACTH BTAUHOTO PYRABA MPWKNATLIBAIOT OTpe- SAHHYIO SACTh BIKDONKR CIHHKA Tak, ¥TOOEE COBIANH KOHTPONEHEIG TOUKH PYKABa H TpOli- MBI peliaH, & Kpali mmevesoro cpeza cmuHKH — € cepesHHol aummi oxara pykaza. [upuny pykasa yeenuuunaiot ua 1 em, Yacth pyKasa, KOTOPAR BHEORMT ga Tmevenoit cpes ciMHKM, cpesaioT WABHOit AHHHell, KAK loKagaHO HA uepTemke. Tlepeg nu mepequaa wacrTsh pykapa peraan (pue. 9, 2, 0) Ha amcre Gymarm oGBoqaT ocHOBHYyIO BEI- Kpoiky nepega muda ntatbs. Ha obpezenHyi0 BLEKpOWKY HAHOCAT mHHMIO TryOHHEI MmpolMEt Hi JEMHEIO IMpHHE nepega. Ha HM WIMpHHET Tepegxa HAMeC4AIOT TOUKY BEICTYia MPOMMEI it OT Hee B CTOPOHY CepeZHHEI Mepeza OTKTAREIBAWT 1 cu. Sra rouka 6yger ABIATECA KOHTPOABHON TOURKOH MmpoHMEt pertan. Ilo bonkosomy cpesy mpolimy yryOnawr ua 1,5 cm. Jimamo BEIpesa TOPIOBHHE! FeuAt nononam. Ilo nepsoi sani BHITAUKE OT Teyeporo cpeg3a BHU OTKIATbI- naiot 10 cu WH ypaBHMBaIoT ZAMHY Bropol mH- HEM BRITAUKH 10 DepHol, Coemiumior miaBHoit THHHeH TOUKY MONOBHHEL BEIpesa TOPNOBHHEI & rounKoh I0 1 c¢ rouKoit J B BBICTYNe Mpolimn, a ‘gaTem ¢ Touro 1,5 mo GokOoROMY cpesy, Kar T10- KagaHo Ha depreme. IInevenoit cpes mepeza y TOPMHOEHHEL H 110 THHMAM BLITAUKM omycKaloT Ha 0,5 ca. Ilo BLIdepuecHHOH AHHH Tpolnby PeriaH BEIKPOHKY Daspesaior HW B OTpPesAHHOit YacTH BEIKPOHKH IWewebyio BLITAIKY Banpbl- Baw. Ais Tocrpocnua Biikpolikm mepezneit uacrin PYKaba peraan K OCHOBHOM sBLIKpolike mepen- Heli 4ACTH ETAYHOTO PyKaBa TpUKTA_LBaioT OTDeSaHHYH YACTE BMIKPOIKM Mepeza ¢ SAKpEI- TOH BLITAUKOH Tak, UTOOET CORMAN KOHTpOL- HEI€ TOUKH PYKABA HW IpoliMEr Wepeya, a Kpaii mmeweRoro epesa Mepeya — ce MHHHeH oKATA py- Kaba. Ulupany pyKaba yEemmunsaor na 1 cat, YWacTh PYKABA, KOTOPAA BEIXOTUT 8a mie4eRoti epes, Cpesai0T WWIaBHOH MMHHel, KAK TokasaHo Ha wepteme. 18 TOCTPOEHHE BLIKPOMKH JHDA C TETBHORPOEHBIM PYRKABOM BES JIACTOBHOBI ({pue. 10) Bukpoiky amba ¢ WemBHOKpOeHEIM pPykanoM Ges MACTOBHNEI CTPOAT 10 OCHOBHO BEIKpolixe qua Wares. CnuHea (pue. 10, a) Ha micte GymMaru oGnomAT OCHOBHYI0 BEI- Kpoliky CHHHKH muha maaTea. Ha obbemennyio BLEKPOHKY HAHOCAT THEM IyOUHE! IpOuMEI Uw IUPHHE! CIMHKH, IlneveRoli cpea cmuHkM B po- eTke nogHuMaroT Ha 0,5 Cit, 10 Kpalo Wieyenoro cpesa — Ha 2 eH. fins onpeyenenua Hanpanrentia pyKaBa To §OROBOMY cpesy BHUS OT THHUH rityOuHE! IpoH- MEI OTRAagLIBAIoT 4 cat. Or TouKN 4 BIpABO Tpo- BOAT TOPUSOHTAMBHYH IHHHIO HW HA Heli OTHIA- impart 35 cM, T. e. ANHHY HHWATHero cpesa pyka- ga couukn. Or TouKn 35 moa NPAMBIM yruoM K TpowexenuHoll NHHWH BHHS OTKIaLEIBAIOT 5 CH H TouKy & coenuHaior e rouroit 4, sem ofopm- JOT HEH cpea pykKapa., [lon nmpANbin YIIOM K NPOBeTEHHON AHH BBEPX OTHKIa/[BI- Bair 15 ca, T. &. WIMPHHY saquel wacri pyra- Ba Bausy. HKpaii mofgHaToro nuewenoro cpesa 13 ie G Puc. 10. Totrpoewme sumpolinn anpa ¢ I@ibHokposhsia pykanon Gea WacToRILIt @— counka,; 6—nepen. (rouxy 2) coemuHaioT c OTMeHCHHOI MmHpHHolt pykaga. [inHy pyKkaba M3aMepAioT OT kKpax ne- wenoro cpena. Tlo cepeline Taeuenoro cpeza odopaaaior nporné Ha 0,5 ca. Iiporm6 G6ckonoro mea no Ta- RUM YEEMHUHEAIOT Ha 1 cw. Hint cpes py- Kaba CO@AHHAIOT OFANEHOM JMHMe; ¢ TOUKOL i, TposommKasa mmo Goxosoro cpesa Ha 1,5 cx BHHS OT JIMHIW Tali. ILepe x (pre. 10, 6) Ha mucre Gymarn ofz0qaT ocHOBHyIO BBI- kpoliky Mepega ama nnatba. Ha obpenennyro ELIKpOlKy HAHOCAT THAHIO rayOuHE! TporMer Ww THHWIO WIKPHHEL nepega. Tnytuny moewenon ELITAYHH OT BTOPOH AHHMM YyMeHBUIAIOT Ha 2 ecm. CoorperctseHHO YMeHBLIIAIOT HW THY mieuenoro cpesa. (WMeHEMeHHAA BLITAdKa i TepeABHHYTEM Kpali Mmevesoro cpesa ormeue- HEL WTPHXAMIt). Tineveroit epes WomouKN y TOPJOBUHEI 1 10 HMHMAM BEITAUKH omycKator Ha 0,5 em, a mo Kpal Wilevexoro cpesa NOAHUMaIOT Ha 2 eit. Tio Goxosomy cpeay BHHS oT ANHiiM riyOunbt mpolimel oTrnagEreaioT 4 cu, Or touRn 4 BneRO HPOBOJAT rOpHsOHTaNSHyI0 IMHO 1 Ha Heit oT- KIAGbIRAIOT 33 CM, T. 6. THTy HHmHerO cpesa pyYKaba Tepeza Ha 2 cat MeHBLTyIO, Yem y CnHH- RH. OT mpoBeqeHHOlt AMHHH TOA IPAMEIM yriont BHHS oTKNagpBaror 8 cw. Toury 8 coexmuawr ¢ TOUKOL 4, 4em O(bOpMIAIOT HHIHHM cpes py- kana. [log npambim yriom K mpoBesenHOn -An- HUH OT TOUKM & BBEPX OTKIAALIBAIOT WIMpiiHty nepegHeit uacru pykasa (13 ca). Kpait noaHa- Toro Waeveboro cpesa (TouKy 2) coeqHHAIT ¢ OTMCYEGHHOH DINpMHO pyrtasa. [nny pyKana HSMepAOT H BLIPABHHBAIOT COPIAcHO AMHe py- Kapa wa cnuHKe. Tlepepiii pyKan jonmen 6hITE KOpO¥e SamHero Ha 2 cat. Tiporn6 Gorosoro mma no AMEN TamHH yBe- mrmanezaior Ha 1 cu. Husuni cpes pykapa co- equHMoT ¢ TOUKOH J nAaBHOl auHneli, mpogon- 2K qunHIO GoKOBOTO epesa Ha 1,5 ec BHUS OT AHHH TaNHit. BbhIKPOHKA CTPOTOH IOBEKH (pue. 11) Yeprex ELIKpOuKU crporoit 1wOKM eTpoxT mo clenyionuM MepKaM (B Cat): d.Onpymsocrs. rama (OT). so. . Sw 8). 88 2 Oxpyenocrs denen (GB) . . 2. 1) ee BR 3. Inna woGkn GIB) . 2 et eee Pe TO Iipufapka wa cro$oxnoe obneranme no Sen- pam 2 cat. Wepre mepefvero M SayHero NOMOTHHT 1OKH CTpOAT OTJeNLHO. = 1g Pacuerst k yepTemy Psmrepolta erporot 1oonn Basquee TonoTHUMme won Or A no H 70 cat — no cHATOI MepRe Amn- HET IOORI. Or A go 6 19 ca — nocrosHHo Lua Bcex pas- Mepos. Or B po B, 25 cw — '/> wacts MepkKu OKDYZ- Hoctn 6ezep moe '/) sacrh mpubaska Ha cBO- §ogHoe obieranue MHUHyc 2 CM. Or A ao T 21 cu — '/2 uacts MepKM oKDYAt- HOCTH TANMM Tec TmyOWHa samHeli BETTAd- Ku) (f1yOHHA BLITAUKH SAQHETO TonoTHHMTa 4—5 cm) mM muHHye 2 cat Tlepenquee 1oOMm0THHme wWOhkKH Or A no H 70 cat — no cxatoit mepKe AuINHET 10OKH. Or A zo 6 19 cm — mocronniie 21a Bcex pas- MepoB. Or B go B; 28 ex — ')> wacts MepKH oKDYy2t- HocTH Genep moe '/> uacTh UpliéaBki Ha cBO- GogHoe obteranHie mooc 2 cM, Or A go T 23 cv — '/2 uacTh MepKH OKpy2- HOCTH TANMI Toc Tay6uHA Nepequeli BEITAUKH 2 cu Timoc 2 ca. Sy Cepeda Jndveca aamomuuiter xBR bE Copedeng negedeéeo nanorinuaa waded Pie. 11. Bsicpolika crporoi woixn: @—sadnce nosotanme: G6— nepeames somormuriie. Tloctpocrne wepre:na ELIKpOHKH cTporon ro0KH Gawuee nonmoTHume worry (puc. 11, a) B uenom BepxHem yrny aucta GyMaru Hame- yaior Touky A, Tip nomomn yronbHHka 13 TOUKH A MIponogaT AEC BIAHMHO Tepmenp~UKy- HApPHEle IME: TOPHIOHTAILHyIO — IHHMIo Ta- JHH, HeEDTHRANIbHYIO — AMHMIO CePpGAHHE San- Hero TomOTHHIA TOKIH. Ov A no A orxnagppaiot qauny 16K 10 car Hz Tourn H pipano mposogsT ropHsonTayb- HYyI0 HHO — qimm0 Higa, Or A xo B orkna- Aprpaiot 19 cu. He rouku & Bipapo mponoszar TOPHSOHTANEHYIO IMHO — nuMio Gegep. Or B go B, oTkiagbipawT 2 cM, T, e, MOTOBHHY MepKH OKpysEHOcTH Gexep Moc TosOBHiy mpi- 6aBKH Ha cBOdo_HOe obmeranne mitnyc 2 car (52:2+-2:2—2=25), vem ompegensior uimpuny BARHerO NONOTHUIEA WOK TO NMHNM Beep. Hs Tourn 6) BHH3 MH BESpX WpoBogAr BepTH- HRANbHYIO IUMHHIO, MpofOMmtan ee BREPX Ba JH- Hiio Tau Ha 2 cu. Tlepeceuenne ¢ mueuelt H- 88 O6o08HAUaIOT TOKO Ay. Touxy 2 coegu- HAT ¢ TOUKOM A miaBHOl mune. Or A no T OTKTagEBaiwoT 21 ca, T. @. MONOBHHY Mepkit OKPYRHOCTH TANMH moc rayOuHy saguelt BEI- TAYKH Maye 2 em (88: 24+4—2=—21), sem OIPCACIAWT IWHPHHY samHero NoOTHHUEA yoORH no Tanuu (Tay6uny sagiell nErauxn Oe- pyr 4—5 cat Win BCexX pasMepos), Brrepunpaior GoKOBRO epes saguero WoAOT- HHWa IOOKH, COPAMHAR MIABHOH IHHMeli TOUR T uw B, wepes BcromorateibHyI TOUKY, Kak To- Ragano Ha ueprese. Ilo mani Tamu or cepe- HMHBL 8ANHeTO MOMOTHHINA §O BEITAYKM OTK1A- auinaiot T—9 cu (mua cpeqHHx pasmepos 8, fast mensimux 7, ga Gonpmux 9 cat), a mo mH- HHH Gegep — Ha 2 car Goapme (9 — 11 ct). Bri- TAYKA He ToxomuT Fo Wun Gepep ua 4 car. Tin HHO BLITQUKH 10 Tani To”nMMaror Ha 0,5 car UU BEIYEPUNBAWT BEPKHHH cpes sayHero mosoT- HWA, Kak ToKasano Ha YepTeme. Ilupuna say- Hero HOJOTHUINA UpAMOH 100K BHUsy pABHa imipHe ee no Gegpam. Hus iobknm mMowHo pac- KACIUHTS Ha 2—3 cat, KAK MOKASAHO IYHKTHD- HOH quHMel Ha “eprese. Tlepeguee nomoTHume WOK (pre. 11, 6) Bonpasom yrny aucrta GymMarn HaMeywawrT touxy A. Tip MoOMON[H yrombHHKa Ha TOUKH A iipoBos#T QBe BSAHMHO Tepnen_unyApHEle HHH: TOPHZ0HTAIBHYIO — MHHHIO TAJHH, Bep- THKAABHYIO — THHHIO CepeMHHE! Tepesiero T0- ROTHHINa 10OKH. Or touxn A go H orknagpmator 70 cw mo cHATOH mepKe. Hs rouru H emeso mporogar ro- PHBOHTANHHYIO NHHMIO — mHHHIO Higa. OT A no B orknanupator 19 cat mua Bcex pasmepos. He rourn B sneso npokOkaT ropus0HTaTEHyi0 JHHIO — anHHIO «Gegep. OT B yo B, ornaagul- naor 29 cu, 7. €. MONOBUHY oKpyMHOCTH Gezep Tmoc MONOBNHY upHbasku Ha cRoGonuoe obme- 20 rauue moc 2 cu (52: 242: 2+4+2=—29), yen OMpexelswT WHPNHY epexnero NoAOTHHINa ToORH To Gezpam. His rouxn 6; saa m esepx mposoxeT BepTH- KaJIbHYIO JIMHHIO, MpOLOUman e€ BEEPX OT JIN- HH Tannu Ha 2 cm. Tlepeceuentte ee c¢ minneit Husa o§osHauaioT TouKO Hi. Touky 2 coequ- HAIOT IIABHOH Juve c Touro: A. Or A no T OTKIATEIBAIOT 23 CH, T. 6. MOMOBHHY oKpyXiHo- CTH TaInH moe ruyOuny Bataan (2—3 cat) moc 2 cat (48:24+2+2=28), sem onpene- JHI0T WHPHHY Hepesuero NomoTHuima 10OKH To Tamu. Barepyipawt Gokosoli cpes mepeswero HONOTHHULA 10GKH, COé>AHHAA TIABHOH munieli roukH T i 8), wepes BCMOMOraTewbHLle TOUKH, KaK TokagaHo Ha vepteme. Ilo Tami paceros- Hue or A no 7, a mo Genpam or B yo 5, xenar TOmMoOa My HW WOTY4YeHHEIEe TOUKH CoeqHHAWT TIpAMOH IHHHel. OT Hee ENeBO OTKIAREIEAIOT 2 em (rnyOuny BbiraukH MepegHero momOTHH- ma). Batrauka ne ROxXOAHT Jo mun Gefep Ha 4 cu. Iupuya mepequero NOmOTHHITA MpAMolt W}OKH BHHSY PaBHA WHpHHe ee mo Gexzpam. Hus Tepemuero MOmOTHHMIAa IOOKH MOJHHO packme- IUMTh Ha 3—4 ca, Kak OKkagaHO WYHRTHDHOM aunHel Ha Wepreme. PACKPOH FOKOK B HJIHHEA (pac. 12, 13) TO6ky KuNHBAMH pagmensioT Ha TKAHH Gea BhIKpOLEn. ITNpuHa KIMBER BHHSY BABMCHT OT IMIPHHEL I KONWYeCTEA TONOTHUE, TRANI, BSATHIX Ha 1oGKY. Hpacnpan iobKa moAyunrca, CIM MUPHHA KIMHLeR BHNSy GypeT B 2,5—3 pasa Gombie, ueM B TAaTHH. Hbomng Pac. 12, Packpoii mweernmonuoi tka ws aByx MOJOTHHU. PacueT HW pPACKpOli KNHUECE mpm mobomM KO- amiecrse HX BexyT M0 OfHOMY NpHHOMHGYy. TkaHb Np packpoe Zepiar B pAsEepHYTOM Buge. B Hament npumMepe (puc. 12) noxasan pac- EPOH IMCCTHINOBHOM WOK Ha ABYX MOJIOTHHIT TKAHH Tipu wuipune 96 ev (no Tp Kana Ma KAR AOrO MOMOTHHINA). jaa packpos w6ni (pasmep 48) cuumazr CICTYIOWHE Mepki (B C.): I, Hoxtaa onpysnocrs Tamar 9), 2 ye we TS 2 pM ORs lesa tran alo u yer etree lek) TKaHM Ha DIeCTHIIOEHYIO 100Ky np WHpuHe §0—100 ca rpebyerca pee per ok nmoc S—10 ea na noqmuaKy Husa uM ObpaGoTKy Ta- au. Ilepex packpoem wOkN BETUNCI@I0T LEpu- HY KIWHA 10 TANHH, WEpPHHY ckoca KHA 1 WHPHNy KINHA 10 HHsy. 1. GroGsr onpesxenuts mupHny Kaa mo Ta- THM, WONHYIO MepkY OKkpy=tuoctu Tanun pear Ha KOJM4eCTEO KIMHEeR B WOKe H UpHbaBmaoT 2—3 cm na isn (78: 6=13; 184+38=16). 2. [JI onpezeneHua UMIpHHE! ckoca KIHHAa C Kaxkf{OH CTOPOHLI WonyseHHyI0 WIpHHy KITH- Ha 10 TANMH YMHOIKaIOT Ha KomHueCTBO KJIMHEEB, KOTOpEle GYLYT KPOHTECH Wa ofHoro TOAOTHHIA TKaHH. B .aHHOM MpuMepe & KIMH- Ha (16%3=48). Hs umetmetics mupyner tran (96 cat) Bpt- YHTAIOT IHDHHY TPeX HNHHEER TO TAJIUIT (96—48—48), LlonyvenHeti ocrarok rKaHn ge- fT HA KOUHYECTEO KAHHEEB, expoeHHEix 13 OZHOrO MOTOTHHITA, Moc 1 (wocrosHHo). B 7aH- Hom mupaimepe 48 genar na 3 nmoc 1, vr. e. Ha 4 (48 : 4=12) — cxoc KnuHa c KAO cTOpo- Hi 12 ca. a. UroGst ompexenuTh UmMpiHy KIHHa 110 HUSY, K DIMPune HIHHA To TANMH MpHOaRAIOT apa cKoca (16+12%2=40), Onpesemne WHpHHy KIHHA To Tamu, mo HM- SY H IUMPHHY CkoCa, KANHBA PasMeJIAIOT Ha PASBEPHYTON TKAHH, MmOnOIenHOI wsHAaHKOTi Raepay. C ofHOroO KOHIA TKAHM OT KDOMKE oT- KIa2bIBaloT MHpHHy ckoca KMHa (12 ca), sa- TEM DIMPHHY KMHA fo Tas (16 cs), mmpmry KilltHa 10 HHay (40 ca), CHORA Winpuny KINA mo Tamim (16 eat), 1 70 BTOpol KPOMKH ocTaet- CH UWMpnHa ckoca (12 ca). Co Broporo Konua TKAHH OT KPOMEM OTKIAZbIBaIOT WIMPY KJIM- Ha mo HHSy (40 c4), SaTeM LOIpHHY KouMHa nO rannn (16 cat), 4% 90 BTopoit KDOMKM ocTaHeTCa IfHpHHa KanHa mo Hnay (40 cat). Bee ormesen- HIG TOUKM CoesHHHIOT 10 AHHeliKe, Kak OKa- 8aHO Ha pic. 12, Cpegbl KNHHLeR moce packpos PABHAIOT, UTOOLI ATHHA cpesoR KIHHA Gbina PaEbHA AHHe CepeaHEI KuHa. Caemyloimue Tp TRIHHa PaCkPanBaT TO MEpPBbIM. Zina TI1pHmepa Ha puc. 13 gan packpon Boch MHIDOBHOH 100KH Ha ABYX TOJOTHHUL THAHIT (4 KIMHA 13 KAR MOTO TONOTHHITA) IPM WHpH- ne TKanH 100 cu. 21 fia packpoa OK cHHMAaiOT cre_yiomue MeDEIt (B cat): 1. Tlomvaa okpyenecTh TANNER 2. 1s ek ee eoee aU et FU DEP leaned Pee scary neie sgt sou Puce, 13. Packpoli uochmumoenoit wOKH Ha aDyx HONOTHMU Tiawie. TKAHH HA BOCbMNIMOBHYI0 100Ky mpH UpH- He 90—100 cm rpeGyerca gre p~mwat rO6KH tmmoc 8—10 cy Ha no_MMEKy Huga HO IoR nO Tanun. Tepe packpoemM HaxofaT Takike uMIpH- HY KIHHAa NO TAH, TO Huy HM WEHpHHY cxoca RHA. 1. UlapHua KaWHAa Tlo Tamm: panna mepKe OKPYIKHOCTH TATHH, feueHHOll HA KOAMuECTRO KIHHBeB B 10bKe ioc TpHOaRKA Ha LIBEI 2—8 cw (76:8=9,5; 9.54+3=12,5), 2. Jina onpeyeneHua WIHpHHEI ckoca KuHa TOMYYeHHYIO IWHPUHY KWHa 10 TanMA yMHO- WRAIOT HA KONHYECTRO KNHHBEE, KoTOprie GyayT EPOUTE NS OFHOTO MONOTHHINA TKAHH, B JaxHoM fipuMepe YeTbipe KaMHAa (12,5%4—40). Ha mmipnaet tran (100 car) peramraior m- PHHY “Uerbipex KAHHbeB no Tanun (100—50= =50). TlomyywenHpni ocrarox TkaHW Tenat Ha KONMYCCTRO KAHHECE, CKPOCHHEIX H3 OfnOro TlooTHUMma, moc 1 eat (MocrosHHo). B Aanwom pumepe octator 50 ex genur na 4+1, 7. e. Ha 5 (50;5—10)—eKoc RmwHa c Kampoii eropoust 10 car, 3. Iipaua KIWHa no HMSy paBHa TIpiHe ero 10 TaNHH moc 2 croca (12,5--10%2= = 32,5). Onpegenus IMpHHY KNHHa 10 TAME, 10 HH- SY H DMpDUHY CKoca, RIHHBA pasmensioT Ha PaSEEPHYTOH TKAHH, oOm0meHHOH MsHAHKOT HEepxy. C OZHOPO KOHWa TRAHH OT KPOMEH OT~ EIAQEIBAIOT IHPHHY ckoca Hua (10 e211), 3a- TGM IWMpDHHY KMHa 0 Tamu (12,5 cat), WMpH- Hy KuHa mo Husy (82,5 en), cosa mHpHHy KIHHA oO Tam (12,5 cat). Co Broporo Kona TKAHM OT OTOL Fe KPOMKMN OTKNAsbIBAlOT WH PHHY Kuna mo qHay (32,5 cat), saves mupyity EIMHA To Tanun (12,5 cM), DINpHHy mo HHay (82,5 cyt), CHOHA IIMpHHY KINA TO Tan (12,5 ea:), 1 40 Bropolt KpoMHM ocTaHeTca umt- puna ckoca — 10 ca. Boe ormeyenusie TOUKH COCAHHSHOT TIO JIMHelKe, KAK NORASAHO Ha puc. 18. Cpesit KIMHEeR mocne pacKpos paB- HAIOT, UTOOL! AIHHA GpesoR Oblin paBHa AHHe CepeAHHEE KuHa. Ilo Takomy oe NpHHUnIy KpoaT tobKy gEHe- HADUATHOIOBHYI, © T€CHTIMMOBHYIO, eTrbipex- WIOBHYIO HW Apyrue. Een TRAHE ysKas, Hanpi- Mep, 58—60 cu, Ha WOKY KAHHbAMH HYystHO TPH-YETLIpe THEI THAHH, Tlocneyozatenpuoers obpadoren 1. Yrobtr miok He Mpwnocagurh, KAHHba CMETBIESIOT Ha cToue OT TAH KHASY, & CTAYH- BaloT OT HHsa K TaN, 2, ORME 13 WIEOR He focTpaunpaior go Ta- 3uH Ha Any sactemnn (14—16 ca) u obpa- GaTEIBAIOT sacTemky 1OKH. 3. K sepxnemy epesy 106K mpummator nonce. EnIpaBHMBaloT HS IOOKM Ha urype 1 Tosmunazor ero. Wiest ¢ H3HaHKM oOMeTEIBAIOT, ToToByIO WOKy yriomar, FOBRA HJIEM +TOJYCOUHUE* (pre, 14) TOtku KAem Kpoar Oea BiEpotinw. Pasme- JOBKY HX HpPOUsROTAT Ha TKABM. Yeprem woKn Kileul «lomyconnyee (pasmep 48) crpoaTr mo CHeLyIONIM Mepran (B Cat): i. Momhan oxpyauocts Tamm . . 2... . . . 76 2: AME ORE seg ee eS ee ee FD, Ha wOGKy kKyem -¢nonyconnues rpebyerca TRaHM (npH mHpHHe 100—106 cm) xBe gatnii TO MePKe JAMHEI OOK Wc TEE BbIEMEM Ana TAM Tmoc 6 ce Ha HOB mM NOAUMEKy. Pacuerst K uepTemy bKH HaAcUI «M0Ty comme? Or A go T 26 car — '/3 uacts nonHOll oKpyx- HOCTH TaN (oKpyraenno). Or T no H 73 cm — no mepKe gaunt 106K ttoc 2—38 ch Ha MOB M NOsMHEKY. “UTobsI oMpewenuTe BRIEMEY Juin Tani, Mep- KY NONHOM OKpyeHOCTH Tannu fennt na 3 (76: 3~26). Tipw nozyyenmn ppoGuerm uncer ORPJTIAIOT B O6nbuTyIO cTopoHy. TKAHb, IpPeRHasHAYeHHyIO JIA packpos, CKAGTBBAIOT WONONAM, crin6 TKAHH fenator mo Kpomnit # teed merous Puc, 14. 1OGka xaemr «nonyconuues monepesHoH HuTH. Or yrua uo crufy uw Kpom- KAM OTHTAMBIBAIOT REIEMRY AJA TAMU uw pa- AMYCOM, PABHEIM TiyOHHe BBICMKH, BbILepuH- BalT HHWIO TanHH (ryOmuy BhieMKH TO KO- coll HUTH YMeHBIaIoT Ha 2 cm). Or Tami OTKNAAEIEAIOT WHEY 1OOKH, BEepuBaNWT HHS w6KuN mm packpansaroT ee. Ec TRaHb yekas, T. &. IpHHolt 6O—T0 ecm, To mo HNBy BpuKpa- HEAT KIMH 10 Gonenot nuru. pm takom pac- Kpoe 106ra 6yper UMCTE TONBKO OMMH DIOR. TOGKY Kuen «omycomHyes MoMHO caenaTE ic 7ByMa wean. ip packpoe TKanb qepmaT B PASKEPHYTOM BMG HSHAHROW KEepxy. Or YPTA TRAHH OTKaqbinaior BLieMRY Jin TAMA. Tay6tmy BEIeMEM OTKNATEIBAIOT oO BbIMeonH- cannbim pacueram. PackpoewHoe monoTHine 10OKH YKMAAEIRAIOT AMWERO croponolt Ha mu- I@ByIO CTOPOHY TKAHH BbIEMKOH B mpoTMEOMoO- HOMAGE YOR TKAHH MH BLIKDAHBAIOT Bropoe. WOoky kxem snonycomnyes HenEsa CKPOUTE li3 TKAHM ¢ OMHOCTOPOHHUM HalIpabueiniem pu- CYHKa, & TaksekKe HG TKAHH C HeCHMM€TPHYHbIM PAacnoNOMeHHeM KIETOK, TAK Kak PHCYHOK nO IBY He COBMAagaeT, a BOpCOBAA THAHE byzeT TiM€Th PASH OTTeHOR, TOBA KEM «TOJHOE COJIHTE» (pue. 15) YepTres 00K Rieu «momHoe comnues (pas- mep 48) erposT mo cnemyromtuMm Mepkast (B cat): 1, Tomas onpymuocrs ramum . . . . . . . . Th Die LEH OOR totes ec cies reread Ha wOky Kaen « TpebyeTcH TRAHH pw wupHne 85—90 car yerbipe quntEL TO Mepke MJIMHEI IOOKM MOC YeTEIpe TIyOHHEL SDIEMEN At Tamim moe 12 ci Ha wIBbI 1 Wop- WBE. Pacuetni & tepresty 10mm Raeni “MO0HOE CONES Or H z0 7 72 ca — no mepre aun 106KIE mmoc 2—é ci Ha MOB MH NOXUINBKY. Or fT po.A 13 ext — '/, tacrs nonnott oxpy2x- HOCTH Tam (OKpyraenHo). Or A go T 13 ca. Or T yo H 72 cu. TIpH packpoe TKAHE MoIHO FepxtaTs B pas- BepHYTOM BHfe HsHaHHOli HEepxy. Buauane Of KPAA TKAHM PASMEIAIOT HM BLIKPAHBAaloT OFHO NOMOTHMINE IOOKH, SATEM GrO YRIAABIBAIOT AH- Tenoli cTropoHoli Ha MHIEBYIO cTOpoHy TKaHH BLIEMKOH I NPOTHEOMOORHOW KPOMKE H KDOAT Bropoe monotHume ibn. Ecmm TKAaHE yaKas, KIUHBA TOJEpaHBalor K KDOMKe. FOGky Kiem «nomH0e connies Monto cKpouTs 6e3 mesos. Jag oToro TKAHE cKTaqBI- BawT Bieoe. Crub THAR fenawT mo fzomeRoii HHTH it 10 cruOy oTnagBBaoT GIuHy WOKE 1 PAyOUHY ELICMKM fa Tamu. Baepunsaior 1 BLIKpanBaioT 1OKY, a Hesocraiomyio wMpuny TKAHIT MOAKPANBAIOT TAR MKC, KA KIHEA, ee: HpoMKy ———____ deers eee need Neel fot = = 5 = g A pom. a Pre. 15. oka xnem «nomics conntes. TTOOE OMpeFeIHTL BLIEMEY [IA TANWH, Mep- TlocnenoratenpHocts oGpaboTaE KY WOTHOH OKPYIKHOCTH Ta getaT Ha 6 (76:6=13 car). Iipa nonyyenmu gzpobuerx um- j. Eema mpu packpoe mnogEpanpanyca Cell HX OKPYialor B GOuIbLyIO CTOpoHy. TkKanb, IpeqHasHaveHHyIO ANH paACcKpon, CKIATMBAIOT BAROe, crud TKANH Jemaior mo mo0- nepeuHoli HHT. OT Kpad TKAHH ITO Kpomke OT- KNARbIBAIOT JWuHY GK c IO_mHEKOT — 72 CM, 3aTeM BHIEMRY Daa Tamm — 13 cat, vem ompesension enTp roku. OT nentpa 1o6KM pa- DWYCOM EBICMKE tia Tamm (13 caf) pEriepui- BaIOT MnO TAM, OT Stoll THU OTKMATEI- paior 72 ¢M, T. e. MHY 1OKH maoc 2—3 ca Ha NOMMUSsKY 1H Won, Bruepusalor Hus iobKH Hf 10 HAMCYeHHLIM AHHHAM BEIKpanBalorT ec, KMHHBA, TO HX TpHTadNBaioT nepERBmnt, Craa- BAIOT IIBEI IOGRI. 2. Orrarunaior iobky mo Koco HuTH yrIOrom WIM K HNSY IOGK Ha HeKoTOpee EpeMaA TogEe- IINBaIOT rpya. 3. O6pabaTitpaioT sactemKy B ofHOM ws mesos. BepxHuii cpes 106K ofpataTEBaiT Tos- COM TIM Kopcakem. BsipabyupawrT Ha (burype He IOGKH, orme- Wan 10 WtHelike TuuHy ee oT Noma. Hus woKH Tompesaior 10 OTMEYEHHEIM TOUKAM HW MOsTIH- BaioT ero, 23 B wo6nax us xnonuaTobymamnsrx rkanei mua TOs UWHBaIorT ManmHHoll, H@ IU€DCTAHEIX Hf MOT- HEIX INC@IKOBLIX TKaHeli — Epyunyio. Torosyio iobKY OTYTIORUBAIOT, HHUKHHE IOBRH Husaunow wOky ogesaior mua coxpanenaa MopMnEt 106k WAAThA Han BepxHeli joORH. [lo opMe mOoKpoa ona fowaKHA cooTReTcTRORATS @opme Bepxueii io6kn. Husuue 6Kn orion 43 CATHHA, MADKMSeTA WW ApYrux xTomuaTobymaz- HEIX Hf UI€NKOBHIX TKAHel. OrgenaTh HOKy MORt- HO KPYKEEOM, O6opKoi mm mecitporKoit. TObky m3 xnonsaTobymaxiuol reaun eneqyer TOAKpaxMaNHuTs. HEORHAA IOBKA JI PACHIHPEHHOTO KHH3Y TJEATBA (pue. 16) Takylo lOOKy pekoMenmyerca peTaTe U3 Tpex obopox. OcHosHyi0 spikpolixy gByxmoBHoti foGh obbogaT Ha Tucre Gymarm, copmectuE Go- ROBLI¢ cpeabi. Bepxutoro obopky jenaior am- HoH 15 cat, cpeaHior oGopky — Ha 5 cat meHD- Ie MOUOBHHET ocTaEmielica znmner ;woKE. Tu- Pula cpeqHelt obopKH B TomTopa pasa Gorse IUHPHHEL HIWKHEPO cpesa BepxHelt obopKa. In PHHA HXHeH OfopKE B osTopa pasa Gompme THUIpHHEL cpenHeit. Tip packpoe sepxueit obopKH nepegune m Jan pine Gan postiy 5 Sane BEITQURH HA BBIKpOIKe SAaKpbIBAIOT. dina duryp c y3kumu Oenpamn RpTautn Ha BepxHel “acti oGopKH MOMHO He 3AaKpEIBATE, a co6parh ux 8 cGopKy, o6opky cKpouTL mps- MOH Ges mpornbok GoKkonEx mop. Upmmyeri: wa ue: 0,7 co: mo Bcem cpesan. OGopku MomHO KponTS craunsinm, nome — no Ronenoil nur, [lua noaca pasta mepKe moj- HO OKDYRHOCTM TazHM Nm0¢c 4 cm, uupiia — 6 cart. : Tlocnezoratenznocts odpaborrn 1bxn - 1. Craumpaior mpapiii Goxonoit mos sepx- Heli oGopKu. [ux aactemku cpeser nezoro 6o- HOBOTO UIBA HogrmGarwr BHyTpp na 0,7 em a TOAUMBaloT NoApyGounzim neem. Hus neroro GokoRoro urBpa ckpenwaror. 2. CTaunBaiT IBbI oOopor (ecm onn cTay- HEIe). 8. Co6upawr B cbopxy Bepxnmii cpea HEpx- Heli if HWKHeH ofopor. 4. Ckaagbmaior nepxnioi um cpegmo% obop- KH HSHAHKOH BHYTPh, a Kk JIHMeROM cTopore BepxHero cpesza cpemHeli obopRu npHKnagzt- BaIOT KOcyO Geliky unm TecpMy. CmernipaioT 1 CTAYHBAIOT Ce Tp cpesa Ha 0,7 eat of Epan. OrrnGaror Geiixy uu TechbMy ma auWeRylo cro- poHY Bepxueli oGopku, noazrHOaioT cpea nu Ha- eTpauuparor ee Ha 0,1 es or crmda (recemy npu- CTPAYHBANT, He Nomriban Kpas), 2) Ha copy 40 fa ebepny Puc, 16. Hikina woxa ann Paclinpewtoro KHHay IViaTen. 24 3, CoequnAIoT cpenHioI 1 HiMKHIOI ofoprir TAK 3Ke, KAK BeEPXHIOI co cpeqHeii. 6. Hpuotmeaior xpystero nam obopKy K HUA- HeMy Cpesy Hu7Hell OfopKRH HI NoO_MMBAIOT ero TospyoouHtim miBOM. 7. Tipnumpamwr nose x repxueli ofopKe mo TANHH (€CNH TPH PACKpoe BLITAYKH He 3AKDbI- IIH, TO BepkHHM cpe3 cobupaior ua cbopKy). Ilose npuknagpmaior mmenoli cropono « u3- HaHKe 1OKH MH NPHCTPAuHBaloT ero mo wOKe. Tleperu6ait monc nononam, cTaumpator KOH- TIbI Towepek moAcA, BTOpOI cpes mogrubarwr u HACTPAYHBAIOT ¢ JHMeBOH CTOpOHDI, IPUKDHIBAA INOB TIPHTAYMBAHHA Tosca. HIDKHHAA IOBKA JIA SAYREHHOrO KAWay TWLATBA (pue. 17) Tatyro 100KY KpOAT m0 ocHOBHO BEIKpolixe UBYXIOBHOH WOK. BEITadkH nO TAH MO?HO He ocbopMaAATL, a cobpaT, pepxumit epes :06KH Ha coopxy, Junio mpxHuuba o6o0pKH Hane- uaiot Ha 8—10 cm or ranmt. Jina ofopru 20—22 eu, Iupuna B nomropa-7Ba paza Gomp- Ie IWpuUHE! oR. Tip packpoe 1w6KH To TanuH u 6oKOREIM epesam mpHoOannstoT na tion no 1 cm, Ha moz- WuBKY Husa — 3—4 cat. 25-50 Ho cdapety Mepedvee NGARMHELLE mu dagvee ROnOMHLE mdky Puo. 17, Hisisa w0na 419 saysennoro KHMSy MAaTeA. TiocnefosaTersuocts o6pabornn 1. CraunpaiotT Gokopnte men, meBbii GoKo- BOH WIOB He JOCrpaywEaloT go Tamia Ha 15— 16 cm (Ha QauHy sacremnu), Cpesni ma Ha A1H- HY SACTeKH Mog”rHGaioT B CTOpOHY H3HAHKH H TOU RAIOT NorpyOouHbim Eom. 2, BACTPANHEBAIOT BLITAUKH Ha cobupaior BepxHHH cpes 106KH Ha cOopky u TIpHumMeaior 25 tose (Kak B mepsoli to6ke). Bepxnii epes 1obku MOMKHO MOAUMIb NORPYOOUHELIM IBOM H BAeCTb pesky. 3, Togumeanr wus woKn TIBOM. 4, Craungawr mest o6opKu, npumsair KHUSY KDPY2KeBa WAM MOMINMEBaIOT ero Tospy- GounEm mom, Bepxuuii cpea ofopkn coOupator Ha cOopKy. 6. UWpukaagpmair cobpaunnii cpes obopKu JMIEBOH CTOpOHOH K AMMeBOH cropone 1oOKH, NPUMeTEIBAIOT HM IpWcTpaulibaior obopky K Ha- MCYCHHOH IHHHH MPHUIHBA, OOMETEIBAIOT cpes OOOpKI H oTrHbalior ee B cTropoHy HH3a I06KH. SKEHCKHE BPIOKH (puc. 18) noLpyOouHbIM Bpioxn — yoobuntii sug oferaE zma enop- TA, IpPOryMOK MU NYTeWlecrRui, ZOporm UT. mL. Bpioku xXopowie HoCcHTL ¢ AwKeMMepom, cBuTe- POM HMM co CTporolH OAysoi THMA MyKcKol pyOawKn, a Takme cO CHOpTHBHOH KypTHOIt. Ho 8 6pioKax genyiike HenpHIWuHo nossnaTE- CH B TeaTpe, HA KOHUepTe, B KUMHO H Apyrux obulecTseHHnIx Mecrax. Ofykh x 6pioKam qommHa OfITE HA HUSKOM RAgMyKe cnoprupiio- ro Tuma. Bpioxn Moryr ObITb HECKOIEKO yKO- POYEHHEIMH, C HAKASHbIME HAH TipoOpe3HriMu KapMaHaMi HA TlepegHeli uacTu, Ges mManikeT HOW ¢ MaHeTamu. Yeprext BEinpolinu 6proK CTPOAT To eneLyIOMuM Mepkam (B cH): Ds AHH OPI c(i) lie tr lees se ianarde seas ao oa OD! 2. Oxpysnocts Taman (OT) . + + + 1 es 3B 3. Oxpymuocts Geaep (OB) . . .. 2... 62 Mepry HEI 6pwOK cHUMaioT no GoKy oT Tamu oO uikonorKu. Yeprex nepexueli a BagqHel YacteH Gpiok CTPOAT OTAeMbHO, HO BHAa- Hane Je@NaIOT BLIKPOHKY mepeahel sacra, a sa- TeM Ha Heli — aaqHeit. Pacierst & aepTemy BLIKpOlnH meHcKHx Gpror Tlepeaquan uacths 6pwox Or A go H 95 ex — no mepxe Annu GproK. Or A no 5 28 cm — '/, wacth MepKu oKpYIK- HoOcTH Geyep moc 2 cm (nonomenne mMHnH Genep). Or A xo K —3/> uacts orpeska or B no H MuHye 4 cal, Or A oT 10,5 em — 1), uacts mepxu oKpy2t- HOCTH Tammi mmoc 1 ca. Or A go fT 10,5 ew —*/, uacTs meprit OKPY2KHOCTH Tanuu nmmioc 1 ca. Or B po W715 cw —'/, uacts mepru oxpy2- Hoern Gepep umoc 2 em. Or B po 7 138 cw — 4), uacts mepai OKpy- HocrH Gegep. 4|aagmamee AGuER Pue. 18. Mernckwe Gporw: @—Nepeduan “acts 6px; G—asannan qacte Gpox. BayxuAA wacts bpwK Or A go H 95 cx — no mepke {mHHLI Spor. Or A go B 28 cm — Yo wacrs MEDEH OKPY7K- HocTH Oegep mmoc 2 cH. Or B po K —}/,; uacrs orpesxa ot B go H MHHYyC 4 Ca. Or A go F 10,5 ea — '/, uacrs mepRu OKpy2H- HOCTH Tanuu naoc 1 cat. Or A goT 10,5 ca — |), uacrh mepKu oxpy2K- HOCTH Tammi moc 1 ca. Or GB xo HF 15 cm — |), 4acrs mepKH OKpy2K- HOCTH Oegep muo0c 2 cat. Or 6 go wf 13 ea — 3), MACTE MPRE OXpy3t- Hocrn Oeyep. Or A go 7 23 em — +/, yaeTh Mepru oKpyst- HoCTH Tamu muoc 4 car, Or B no B 24 cat— ‘Jy uacts Mepru oxpyoK- HocTH Gexep muuye 2 cm. Or B go M 21 cm — '/) uacrs mepxu oKpy2K- noetn G6enep munye 5 car. Tloctpoenwe ueprexa ppirpolika Opror Ilepegquask wacth G6pwrR (puc. 18, a) Ha mmcte 6yMary IPH TOMO yrouRHHKa TPOBOgZAT ABe BSAHMHO NepleHTHKYAADHEIC JHHHM: BECPTHKAIHHYH — JHHHIO 3a yTIOORKI 26 6pIOK, ropHsonTanbyy — mun Tamim. Tou KY Tlepeceyenta oGosHayaioT GyKpot A, Or A mo H orknagninaior Anuny GpioK (95 car). Hs TouRH H BuieBO H BIPABO MpPOBO_AT TropHsoH- TAaABHYIO IMHWIO — anHIo Husa. Or A go B orknampipawt 28 cM, 1. €. MOOBHHY MepRH OKpyxtHocru Gexep moe 2 car (52 : 2+2—=28), Ms tourn 6 BHeno H BIpAbO TpoBOs_AT TopH- SOHTANBHYN IHEHHIO — JHiHwi0 Gemep. Paccroa- nue or B yo HW peant nononam. Brepx oT Tou KH Je@eHHA OTRMANEIBAIOT 4 cM H CTABAT TOU- ky H. Ms rourn H enero u BIpaRO MpoRozAT TOPHSOHTAIBHY JMHWIO —IMHHW) Kovena. Tilo uunun tanun ofr A go I’ orknagersaior 10,5 cu, v. e. {/: uacTs MepKH OKpysKHOcTH Ta- mun mmoc 1 en (88 : 4+1=10,5). Or A go T orgnagsraiot 10,5 car, T. e. '/, YaCTR OKpya- HocTH Tamu moc 1 cu (88 : 4+1=10,5). Io imam Genep or B go UI orknaptizatr 15 ca, fg. ec. 4, 4acTh MepkH oKpyskHOcTH Gegep mmo 2 ea: (52: 4-+-2=15). Or B go Jf otknanpipawr 13 cm, T. e. '/, uacTs MepRU oKpyIHOcTH Gezep (52 :4=13). Ilo aunt Husa BHpAaBO mW BNeRO OT AUHUM SAyTIONNH oTKIAZLIBAIoT mo 9 cM, T. @, 10 MOMOBHHE IWMpMHAI Tepegueli wacti 6piox ayusy. Wlupiny 6pioKk eausy Gepyr mpo- u3ponmpHO (17—20 eM). Brriepunpaior muHHi0 GOKOBOTO cCpesa, COERMHHA T1aBHoli HHHel Tourn 7 u 4, u WiMpHAy no qHHMW Husa. To- JYYHELYIOCH WHPHHY GpIOK 10 THHHH Komena OTKIAZbIBaAIOT OT AHHH SAaYTIOREKH JO wrare- Boro miBa. BetiepynRaioT MHMtI0 mAaroBoro cpe- 8a, CORMHHAA 110 WiHelke TouKH I c mtMpHmHoit Tepenueit uactit OpIOk To IHHHH Koneva, 3aTem ¢ WHpHHO No IHHHN Husa, His tourn £ BHHUS MpOBOZAT BepTHRANLHYy10. amunio. Ha nepeceueHHn ee c MNHHeH Gezep eTanat Touky P. IipopegenHyi0 WHHHIO jeHAT Ha TPH PABHEIe yacTu. Brrmepwapawr mepel- HH cpea wepes BCNOMOraTeIbHpie TOUKH, Kak oKasauo Ha uepTeme. Or TouRH A BIpaBo 1 BNeBO OTKMAagHBaIoT no 1 co (rayouny BEITAU- ku). [Iamna ppirauxn 12 cm, JMO Tan 10 mepeynemy cpeay omyckarT Ha 1 eat, a 10 6Go- KOBOMY cpesy moaniuMaior Ha 0,5 cal. Hame- HaIOT MECTO KAPMAHOB, KAK NOkAGAHO Ha Yep- Tejke. BaguHasx wacts Gpiwx (pue. 18, 6) Baguio waActh GpPIOK cTpoAT To BLIRpoline Trepequei. Ilo nunun Tanun or A go J ornna- Apipaiot 23 cm, 7. €, TONMOBHHYy MepKM OKpys- HOCTH Tamu moc 4 ca (88 : 2+4—23 est). Ilo auHnin Obefep ot B go M orknuagEmaior 21 cm, T, €, MONOBHHY MEPRH OKpy2kHocTH Genep Mu- nyc 5 cw (52: 2—5—21). Or B no B orxaza- AbtBaT 24 cM, T. €. TONOBUHY MepkH OKDyatHO- eTH Gegep MuHyc 2 cw (52 : 2—2=—24), Iupa- Ha sagueli wactn GpmoK B GoKOBOM cpege m0 J HHH KOMeHa Ha 8, a 10 MMHHM HHga Ha 2 cat Gombite, uem Kepeaan., Brrepunnaior Goxo- RoW epes Saqueit yacTu OpioK, coequHAA TOUKH 2, 3, 21, u Npoxommaior mmMHHIO Bo mepecede- HHs ¢ Tuuueli Tanuu. Pacetonune or mHHuM Gexep 40 TNH TAIN AenAT Ha THE YacTH u HIDEHIOIN TpeTh cOeAMHAIOT c TOUR J] man- Holi aunuell, Ilupuna saqueii 4acra Opiok B IWAPOROM cpese TO JIHHHH KowleHa Ha 3, a 110 HHH HHaa Ha 2 ca Gonbite, vem NepeqHAn. Or tourn B Buu3 oTknagemator 1 ca. Bruep- YHBAIOT IArOBoli cpes, KAK IIOKasaHO Ha 4ep- rexe. Or TouxH P spepx oTKNambBaIoT pac- cTodHue, pasHoe orpesny PIU, u crapar Tou- RY C. Ilo nuauu taauu paccrosnue or A xo I ae- Ht Ha TpH waeTn. Touky C coeqHusmioT c if; tact oTpeska AT um mpozommaior ante BEepx HA 5 CH (BCIOMOTATCIEHAR MHA AIA BHIMGPYHBAHHA IBA CHICHBA), saTem TOUKY C cOCTMHAIOT ¢ TOUWKOH J MIABHOM JHHMel, Kak TOKasaHo Ha ‘wepTeme. Bpriepynpaior THHHIO TAIN, cOesuHAS TOU- nu Ju 5. Ha IHHHH Tannin aque uactn OpioK BEIMCPUHBAIOT BLITAUKY, OTHNATMBAR OT IRA CHACHA 20 BLITauKH 8—9 cu. Cny6una BEITau- KH 5 ca, AuwuHa — 12, Packpoit Opror IIpu packpoe mepequeli u sagueli uacreit GpPIOK EBRIKPOUKY YKNAQbIBAIOT Tak, 4TObEI AO- J@BAd HUTL IpOxX0SHNa TO JHE SayTIOIKKH. Tlo Beem cpesam BLIKpOiRM Jator MmpHoABKy 1a mee ro 1 est. lo nnn cuxenbs sagueli uactu Oplok, KpOMe IIPHILYCka Ha WOE, FaioT MpHITyCK Ha sanac 2—3 cat. Ha obpaborky aacremxu mo GokOBOMY cpesy gaior npunyer 4 cu. [ane sactemna 14—16 ca. K uuituemy epesy 6piox Ralot npMNycK GIA mommuBkn 4—5 cae win aaah MaHmeTEr —8—9 car. Tlone 208 6pOok BEIKPANBAIOT OTLeIBHO TIA Tepemveli ut sagHel uacreit. [upuna nonca B packpoe 8—10 ca. fina o6paboTKH KapMaHa BLIkpaMBanwT: 70- TeBEe OOTaUKH MHpHHOL 4 car, qmunol Ha S— 4 cat GONBMe paspesa KAapMaHA; Tog3ep 113 OCHORHOM TKAaHH wEpHHOoH 4—5 ca, gamuoit, PaBHOH ANHHe ObTAyeK, a TAKIKe MeLIKORHHY Hg 1ogkiagounol TKAHH. MemKornHa KapMaHa GoxonuT 70 Tanuu 6piox. [imana ee HUME HOH- Ha paspesa KapMana Ha T—8 ca, NIMpiIHA B PasEepHYTOM Bue B Ba pasa Gomme, weM paccrosuue or GoxoBoro cpesa fo MHHMH ga- YTIOREN OproK. Tiocneqorarenpnocrs ofpasoren 1, Ormetator cunkamu muEMO sayTiomtKi Ha TepeyHelt YaCTH OPIOK, BEITAUKH, NpHUIycKU Ha WIBE, TODMHBKY H 3alachi, THB paspesa KapMana. 2, CMeThRaloT HW CTAUHBAIOT BhITadKH Ha Tepelneii W aagueit 4acrax 6piok UW sayTiomn- BAIOT UX B CTOPOHY cpeqNHx cpesox. 3. OGpabartipaior kapmaner HK usnanke me- peaHeii unaern OHpiok mpuMeTsrpaior meurko- BHHY KAPMAHOB, YPABHMBAH BepKHH cpes M€NIKOBHHBI ¢ HHHel Tamm Gprox. Cpespr o6- TAYE NHVEROM CTOPOHOH MpukIagnBAIOT K JWHUH paspesa KAPMAHA, NPHMeTHBaloT 1 mpH- rauupaioT. Kouuit erpoyek sanpenmawr. Pas- pesaior KAPMAH Me ay CrpoukamMu, sakaHuH- Baa HAACeYKAMH B Kone crpowen. Ulspt mpn- TAYHBAHHA OGTAYeK PABYTIOMHBAIOT, BATeM OTTUGaroT B CropoHy MaHaHKH. Bpimerbinaior KAHTEI Wa ObTauek Tak, UTOOLI OHH aakphipann paspes KapMana. Tlepeaquioio obrauny ¢ ammenoli eropontt mpo- CTpatHBAalOT 10 WBy mpTaunpania ee. Cpea Mepegueit OOTAYKE IPUTAUMBAIOT K MellKoBT- He. CKIA[BIBaIOT MeLIKOBHIy BQBOe, HA HIK- HiOO YACTL €& HACTPAYHBAIOT ToAs0p Tak, uTO- GEI OH ObI IpoTMB BxXOga B KapMan, Craunpaior KPa Me€WIKOBHHEI BEIBOPOTHLIM mTBoM. Boxo- Bylo OOTRYKY IpOCTpayueawT ¢ MHMeEOH eTo- POHEI 10 WBY HpWTauupaHus ee. Obpasonan- umeca oT Hajcedek yrorKH B KOHUAX KApMaHA KpeNnAT K MeHIKOBUHE KAaDMaHa cTpouKoll. C au. WeEOH CTOPOHE! B KOHUAK KapMaHa jemaorT CKPenKH BDYYHYIO. 4. O6pabatsipair sactemxy. HK npumyeny Ha obpaborky sactexKu y mepequeit sacri Mpuctpauueawt kpomky. [porknagniaior ro- IOBKH KPIOUKOR “epes KPOMEKY I mpunyek, or- eTyNHB OT cukoR Ha 0,5 ea B cCTOpoHy mpu- nycka, H MDPHINHEAIOT KpiOUKH Ga KDOMKY. H muuesoik cropone mpunycka Ha saxoy 3a- CTOKKH y Samwell “acTH Opiok NpHTawHRair obrauky 3 nozkmagounoli rKanu. OGrauxy oTrHOalor B CTOpOHY MSHAHKM W MpOMeTHIBaiT MIOB, 5, Craynpaiwr 6oKoRBIe mEbI, ofHOBpeMeHHO TepecTpavMbas Mputyck Ha obpaberky sacrem- xu, Ifon pasyriowupaior. Cpes npumycka Ha SaCT@KKY Yy wWepeavell yacTm TOLMMEAIT K MeIikoBHHe KapmanHa. Cpes obTaykH saxogza SaCTeRKH Y aafHelt yacrH no_mMMBAIOT K Opio- KaM. 6. Craunpaior maropbie BEI uM pasyrioxt- BaloT Hk. 7. Craunpawrcpenanit nepequnit m cpeunii SA0HHit BE ofHOBpemeHHO. Ilos pasyTionu- Bair, 27. 8. Tipmumpamr moac K sBepxHemy cpesy Tiepeguell m sagueli uacreii Gpiox. Wloxumesawr HuS Gpior. Ha mosce mepemHeli uacTH GpioK oOpabarbipaior eTm0, Ha sagqHen — MpHi- Balot wyropayy. YToronnie 6piokH ory TiowH- BAIT. OCHOBHAA BbIKPOMIKA CBOBOUHOLO WIA -MAUIbTO (pue. 19) Yeprem ocHoBHol BEIKpOHKH cEObogHOTO Wlaui-iaibto (pasmep 48) erpoar mo caegqyio- TUM MepKaM (B car): 1, Oxpymuoct, mex (OMT) . . . a 18 2. Nepean oxpysnocts rpymm (I0L) . 45 3. Bropax oxpystuocrs rpyan (HOF) . . . . . 48 4, Oxpyanocr: tamu (OT). . . . - og e B8 5, Oxpymuocrh femep- (OB) . ... - erireawe 6. [inuua pykana QP). 1 2... . 60 7. [inuna enmukn go tanun (4CT) . . 38 8. [awa mapenna (JH) . . 1... 110 9. Tanna mepeaa go tanun (JUT) . . BL (Ho sTolt BeNKYMHE! BLIYnTaloT AaMHy pocrka no Bo- rayToit Hi 7 Cll; AMA WepreKa No.yautes Mepka 51—7 = 44), KouTpompynie MepKH: 10. Uipraa commen (MIC) . 2. 4 . 2 . 17,5 cx ii, Unpuua Gwocra (WB) . . . . . . 22—23 + TIpuGaeKa Ha cBobo0gHoe ofmeranHe 8 cat, Yepremk CiiHKH H ION0UKM CrpoaT oTjexbHo: Pacuetht & uepreaty ocuonnoi BEIKpOET eBOooTHOTO MIAM-NaIETo Crunka Or A go H 110 ew —anuHa nantro no mepre. Or A go T 40 eu — pouna crmuxn go TanuH Hac 2 Cit. Or A go F 23 cw — ‘fs uactn AT nmoc 38 cx. Or T no GB 18—20 ca —nocrosnno ana ECex pasmepos. Orl xo K 26,5 cat — 1/2 4acts pasmepa maioc Vp 4aCcTE MpHGapKH Ha cerobognoe oGmeraHue munye '/) 4acTh pasitocrm Mex_Y MepkaMuH Bro- poli H HepRol okpyssHocrel rpygu. Or # no C 7 cu — '/, uacts pasmepa mazoe ‘fs uacrs mpudarkn na croboaHoe oGuerane (Ton0BHHa wupHHE: npolins). Bes mupnna upolimnr 14 cw, 7, e. '/; uaets pasmepa moc ti, acts mpubabkH ua cszoboqHoe obmeranue, Or A xo P 7 oo — J; 4acts oxpyxHocTu men mmoc-1 cm. Tlonouna Or A no H 110 ex — paouna nannro mo mepke. Or A go T 40 cx — amitna cramnn no Tamm omoc 2 cat. Or A go T 23 cx — '/; uacrs AT mimoc 3 cat. Ot T no 5B 18—20 car — nocrosnuo zn Bcex pagmepos. 28 Or? go HK 29,5 en —'/5 uacth pasmepa mmoe '/> uacts npHGankun na cpoboguoe obme- Tanne mnoe '/) YACTh PasHOCTH MeKLy Mepra- MH EBTOPOK HW WepEoit okpysKHocTeli rpyan. Or # yo TT 7 cw — '/e yacts pasmepa mmoc {5 HaCTh IpHGakKH Ha cBOofoqHOe obmeraHHe (10N0BHHA IWIHPHHEI Tpowmbi). Bea minpina mpotime: 14 em, 7, e. '/, YacTh pasmMepa mmoc ‘ly 4acTh npubaBKN Ha cBobosHoe obmeranne. Or T 70 T; 2 cu — '/, uacts pasHocTH mexay MepkaMi [JIMHEI nepefa 0 Talia Mm AWWHEI CHHHKH JO TAJIMH, Or T, no B 46 cw — no mepre AannE nepesa gO TANHH mmoc 2 cat, Or B xo B, 7,5 cat — |); uacrs Mepxu oxpy2t- HOCTH men moe 1,5 cat. Or B xo 7 8,5 em — |, uacrs mepKu oxpy2- HOCTH Men moc 2,5 car. Or E snpaso mo gyre 2 cat — Kpafi mneueno- TO cpesa lepeta, TOukKa 2— RenHUNHA HerO- CTOHHHAA, OHA MeHHeTCH EB SaBHCHMOCTH OT PASHOCTH MeAY MEPKAMM EBTODON Wm WepBoll OKpy2KHOcTel rpyau. 1p. Or rouxn E snparo upy pasHoern B 3 cm or KAagpEbarT 2 cm, mupH pasHoern B 4 ex — 1,5 cw, mpM pa3snocTH B 5S cx — 1 cu, npH pas HoctH B 6 ca — 0,5 cw, 1. e. ¢ yRemmuennem pasnoctrn ua 1 ca semmuna 2 ymeHbitaerca Ha 0,5 ca. Wi naosopor, na Kantgeili canrmmerp YMCHBUICHHA DASHOCTH MeMy MepKAMM BTO- pol H nepRoit okpystuocteit rpy~u Toura 2 yae- qrneaetca Ha 0,5 cx. B mofom cayuae Kpali Mleva He TOME Tepexos_uTL BA HHHIO 1m010- BHHEI DTHpHn mpolimer (muna HE). Or B; a0 M 5 cat no gyre — |/; 4aeT mp- HI Weveroro cpesa monouxt (OKpyraeHHo). Or 2 no J 9,5 cw no gyre — 2/, uacra mmpu- HEI Wievesoro cpesa MouOuRH. Pyras Or O no H 62 cu — no mepre anuuet pyra- Ba Tuoc 2 cat. i Or O po A 17,2 ex — 1/5 uacte oxpymuoern TIpolimMer maoc 1 ca. Or A go C 21,8 ex — (oxpysnoors mpotinmt Muy 5): 2 (1070BHHAa LIMpHHEI pyKana), Or A yo Tf 21,8 cm — (oxpyxuocts TEpPowMEr MUHYye 5): 2 (1O00BHHa WWMpHHE! pyKapa). Boporuuk (puc. 19, a) Or A yo B 21 ex —no mepke oxpysnHocra men moc 3 cm. Or A go P 6 ca — nporn6 annum nprmea BOpOTHHKA. Or P no H 138 cx —umupuna soporauxa caagu. Hoctpoenue ueprexca ocronnoii BE pOHEH cRooosKoro HTailt-nanbTo Crux a (pic, 19, a) B menom pepxnem yray aera 6ymarm uame- uaior TouKy A. Tipu momomu yronnuKa uepes mouxy A mponogAT yBe BaaHMHO Tepren Mn y- JpHbIe JHHHH: POPHS0HTAIBHYIO — JIHHHIO eH, SGPTHKANbHyl0 — JHHHIO cepesiHet CHHHEH. Or A no H orknageinaior _aumy nnan-nane- to (110 ex). He roux H enpazo mposogsr ro- PHSOHTAIBHYIO AHHHIO — THHHIO Husa. Or A 40 T ormnageipaior 40 ca, 2. e. puny enunKi 0 Tatu moc 2 cu. Ms rouru T pnpaso npo- EORAT TOPHSOHTAJBHYIO JHHHIO — THHHIO Ta- aun. Or A go T orrnaguipnaior 28 em, 7. e. nm0- C Wgou sexoda| sedou mlaaovme Ages saxcda 2. 2 AOKMS Rosuny orpeska AT nmoescu (40 : 2+8=28). Ms rounm I snpaso mporoysr POPH3OHTAIBHYIO THEHIO — WHHWO riyouHn npolimp. Or T go B orkaaqpisarot 18—20 car nua meex pasmepos. Ha rouxu B snpaso nporogar ropusonransHyio JMHMO — HHHHIo Gegep. Or I’ go K ornnayer- RawT 26,5 cM, T, e. TOMOBMTy paamepa moc TOMoRHHyY NpH6aBkH Ha ceoboguoe obmeranue MHHYC MOTOBHHY PasHOCTH Me2xZy MepKAMH Bropoit HM MepRod okpymnocTel rpymu [48 - 2+ +8: 2—(48—45) : 2=26,5], uem onpexenmor WHDPHHY CHMHKH Fo 6okonoro cpesa. Ms rouxn H sans mposogar BepTHKATBHYIO HHO 70 Tepecevenia ee c mHuHHei Husa. DIn- PHHA CTMHHEH TO THHIH HHsa papa mmpHne ee 00 IHHHH rayGuHEt Mpoimer (ana Tipamoro THAM-TATbTO) WH HA 5 Cot Oomble, Yem moO JH- HMM ruyOuNB Mpoliner (ama enerka pacnmpen- Hore HHMBy). Brisepynpaior GoxoBoli cpes cium 0 29 > ce E j Y LI Sy aR) Al 18 AGHUR 3 Aepeduaal Mepeduid coea pynada Beprusa OCI pyxaba Pre, 19. Ochos#ax smkpolina csoboquore mnam-nannto: & —cnHiika; G—nonowka; 8, 2, 8, © — pykapa; oe — popotimx, 29 KH, coequHaa TouKy A uw mupuny To JHHH HH3a, KAK TOKagaHo Ha YepTeHte. Or # no C orknagpmawr 7 cx, 1. @. '/s 4acTh pasMepa moc |/; "acts mpubanka Ha cHobor- Hoe oOmeranme (48:8+8:8=7), wen ompe- ReuHi0T MIMpHHY Upolime! cumnKu. Hs rourn C BREPE NPOROAAT BEPTHKANBHYIO IMHO 40 MepeceweHua ee c MHHMeH Men. Dra mHHUA onpegenner mupuny cnunkH. Or A go P or- Kmageipaior 7 ca, 7. e. '/3 YACTh MEPKH OKPYIt- HocTH men naoc 1 cw (18: 3+1=7), dro Gy- Rev iiupina pocrra. Or P prepx oTkaaibmawr 2,5 CM — BbICOTyY pocrka. BrrmepunsaioT JH- HHIO pocTRa, coesquHAs TOURH A u 2,5 maap- HOH IMHMeH, Kak MoKasano Ha WepTeme. Ckoc meta cnwuka or nuHu mien 1,5 cat. Tiposogar Ito Mmewenoro cpesa, CcoemunAn rounn 2,5 u 1,5, Jimmo nieweporo epesa npo- AOWAOT BA AHEWIO WHPHHEI CHHHKH Ha 2,0 cae Wik WOcagku COWHEE B meyenom cpese. Bri- UCpYHRAIOT IPOMMY cMUHKH, coeqHHAA Kpait TWIevenore cpesa Cc 6oKOBEIM cpesom tepes BCO- MOTATeMbHEIe TOUKH, KAK MOKAsaHO Ha “ep- TeaKe. Tlomounra (puc. 19, 6) B Upazom BepxHem yray sucra bymarn na- meuator Toury A. ip noMomM yroubHMka 4e- pes TOUKY A TpoBOsAT 7Re BsaMMHO NepmeHzu- KYJADHbIe JIMHHH: TOPH3OHTaIbHYI — JIHHHIO Ie, BePTHRANBHyHO — NHHHIO CepeAHHEI Tepe- ga. Or A go H otkaagnpaiotT AuHY NMal- manpro (110 cu). Hs rounn H pneso nporogar TOPHSOHTANBHYIO MMHHO — IHHMO Husa. Or A go T orknagsizaior 40 ea, T. &. JOHHY CMHHK fo Tamu mmoc 2 ex. Hs rouru T pepo mporo- GAT TOPHS0HTAIEHYIO NHWHWIO — IHHHIO TANI. Or A xo Ff ornaappiaiot 23 cm, tT. e. nono- puny orpeska AT mmoc 3 em (40: 2+3=23). Hs touxn F meno mporogaT ropHs0HTanbHyi0 THAN — TUM TAyGHHLI mpoiimer. Or T go Bb oTKaampinaioT 18—20 car [a Bcex pasmepor. He touxu B piezo mponoqar ropH3oHTaJIE- HYIO TUHMIO — AHHHIO Bepep. Ov I po K oorxnanpieair 29,5 ca, T.e. mono- BHHY PasMepa Toc MOMOBHHY mpnbabku Ha czoboqHoe obmeranme moc MOMORMHY paso- CTH M@RY MepKaMM BTOpOlt u TepBoit onpym- Hoctelt rpygu [48 :2+8: 2+(48—45): 2= =29,5], Hem onpenermior Wupuny nepesa u IIHPHHY IpolimMEr Mepesa. Mz Tourn A BHUS —poBoAAT RepTHKagEHyI0 THHHIO JO MepeceveHua ee C THHMel HIIga, a 3B- Tem (ILYHKTHDOM). BREDX [O WepeceseHHa ¢ JH- Huelt men. IlupHna momounn no HHH Husa PabHa IWHDMHe e¢ 10 MHHH rry6HHET npoiimer 30 (408 IpsMoro niaut-naneTo) Han Ha 7 es Goms- Ime, YeM 10 IMHHM TIyOuHEL npolimnr (Ana crer- Ka PaciupeHuoro KHusy). Brrmepunpaior GoKo- Bolt cpes NONOURH, coemunaa TouRy KH uw mupu- HY 110 THEW HHS3a. [HEY GoKOBOTO cpega m0- JIOUKH BEIPABHHEAIOT To TmuHe GoKoBoro cpesa coHHkH. OT H go Hf ornnagiipaior 7 cm, T. e Vf; Yacre pasmepa mmoc |/; uacTh npHbasKn Ha epobomqHoe obmeranne (48:6+8:8=7), 4em ONpeyxensior pupuny mpolimer mepegza. Ha Trou- kn 27 BEepx NPOBOAAT BePTHKANBHYIO NHHMIO flO Mepecetenus ee ¢ MuHHel WeH, DTA ANHHA ompefenmser WHpuHy Tepema. Or toukn T no Tourn 7, otkaamEBanwT 2 cat, tg. e. Ys 4acTh PasHOcTH Mexgy MepkaMH {OT HEL Mepexa O TAIN MW TIWHEI CHHHKM 0 TANHH ((44—38) : 3=2], uem onpezenaior nozomenne JHMM Tanum nepega. Toury T) coemunanr IMaBHO TuEueli c GokoBLIM cpesom, Or TOUR T) ppepx ornsagnBpair 46 cH, T. e. MepKY OJIN HBI Mepeya TO TAM mm0c 2 cat W CTABAT TOU- ky B. Hs rouxn B Baeso mposo_aTr ropHa0H- TANLHYIO AWHIIO, A SATeEM OT TOUR B BeBO OT- Kuagpinaiot 7,5 cat, tT. e. '/; uacTh MepEH OKPY2- HocTH wen wouoe 1,5 c# (18: 3+1,5=7,5), H crapar trouxy By). Or-rourn B Bima oTKmanEI- Bator 8,5 cu, v. e. '/; uacTh MepKH OKPYRHOCTH qmen noe 2,5 ex (18 : 3+2,5=8,5), u cranar vToury J]. SaTem Ebi4Mep4nBalOT BEIPes TOPAOBU- Hl, KaK lokagano Ha uepTeme. Paguycom T)B) (OT ONYMeHHOM NHHUM TAIN 0 BEpIIHHBI rop- NOBHHEI) OMMCLIBAIOT AYry #O MepeceyeHun ec © QHHHeH WIMpHHEI WpolME: mepefa (yHRTHp- Holi mmuneli ua Tourn #). Ilepeceuenwe pyri H WYHKTUPHOH anu obosHauaIoT GyKEOn FE. Or E snpaso (mo gyre) orknagnmaor 2 cm, . MEM OnpeenAwrT Kpait Timevenoro cpésa Tmepe- na. Jimi mapnnnr rpygu or TouKn LT mo am HUM Wen fle1ar wa werTnipe wactu. Brroryn mpoiimer HaxogaT ua ‘/; 4acTH oT ANHHMm ray- GnHEt mpoiimE. Toury 2 coequHaIor c BBICTy- TOM nmpoliMEI, T. €. MDOBOLAT ECHOMOraTeMEHY10 HHO JJIH BEY@PYHBAHHA TpOlMbI mepeqa. Brriepunpaiot npolimy mepeya, coequHas Kpali mimewenoro cpeza c GokOBLIM cpez0m (TouKoii Hf) Yepes BCHOMOPaTeIbHble TOURM, Kak TlokagaHo Ha WepTemKe. Or rouxu 2B, (pnicmeii TOuKH TopmOBHHBI) BWeHO OTHAAREBaDMT § cs, T. e. 1/3 YacTh Te ueBOro cpesa nepegza, HM craBar Touxy M, Oro GygeT epBad IHHUA BHTauKM. Or TouKH 2 10 Gyre pipano oTKaagprpaiot 9,5 cat, 7. e, */3 ua- CTH IWMPHHEI neva Nepema, H craBaT TOuKy J. Oro Gyger Bropan AHHHA BEITauki (imupHna Teyeroro cpesa mepesa MeHBIe WIMpuHE me- YeEOrO Cpesa COHHKM Ha 2,5 ca AIA TocagRH CHHHRH B Imesesom cpese. Or Tourn J Bneso OTKTALLEAIOT PACCTOAHME, paRHOe oTpesky BA MHEHYC 1 ce, eM ONpeqensoT TMomomenie LeHT- pa BHTAYKH. [iis OMOpM/eHHA BBITAYKH TOU- uu M un Jl mo gyre coequHior ¢ leHTpomM BLITAYKH. JMHY BIOPOH JHHMH BLITAIKH BbIpAB- HHBAaIOT 0 TepBol. CepeazuHy mepefa yAH- H#IOT HA CTONBKO, HA CKONBKO ONycTunace H- HH Tau (Ha orpesok T7)), HW BRLNepUnBAlOT HHS Tepefsa, KaK TokasaHo Ha sepreme. KH ce- peaHHe Mepeza NPHIyCK HA BAXOM sacTeRtKn B ByOOpTHOM mam-nanTo pane 10—12 cm, a B OgHObopTHOoM — Ana nenoit momer 8—10 cm, ja mpapoii 4—6 cm. TlonyzeHubiit YepTes pact BLIKpOTKY mali- TlanpTo Gea mpHoasku Ha web. pw packpoe * BLIKDOHKe TpHiaBiaiorT Ha IIMpHEy UIBOB 2—3 cm, SanacoR H TOAWNBKY Haga — 5—6 om. TlonosmenHue paspesa KapMaHa Ha MouOUKe Moxer O5ITb rOpPHSOHTAIBHLIM WA BePTHRAI- HEIM. [IIH TOPHSOHTAILHOTG KApMaHa Us TOYKM Ti suns mposogar minio Ha 7 eat Hume TanH uo crapar roury H. Or rouxu Hf Bp cropony Go- KOBOTO cpesa OTHJAREIBAIOT 7 EM, B CTOPOHY 11e- pena — 8 ca (sech paspes wapmana 15 eat). Tlepequutt Kpait KapmaHa onycKaiT Ha 1 cm. [jaa BepruvanpHoro KapMaHa BIpABO oT HHH U7 to 0uHun TanMn oTKIaAbIBAT 5 CAL It Tpo- BOUAT NHHHIO WapamenbHo cepeauue nepeza 70 TlepeceveHiia ¢ zuHueli Gegep. Or TORN 5 BHHS oTknampipaioT 4 cu (Hatano paspesa Kapmana). Or nepecesentta ¢ aMnMelt Geqep Beno OTKMa- mupanr 6 cat, Tourn 5 u 4 coegunsior. Ito 6y- fel WMHHA paspesa KapMana. Pyxas (puc. 19, 6) Tlpexge YemM CTpOHTS Wepre BLIKPOHKM py- KABA, HSMEPHIOT OKPY2KHOCTE TIpOHMBI, coezH- HUB BLIKpPOHKY CNMHKIT MH mepefa MeveBEIMit cpesaMM, Kak TokasaHo Ha pe. 3, 6. OKpy- HOCTL IIpOliMEl B JaHHOM cayuae 48,5 ca. Ha sucte 6Gymarn Hameuaior Touky O. Ha Tourn O BHUS TIPOBOGAT BepTHKaAIbHYIO JH: HINO — JHHIo cepequnEr pyraza. Or O no H oTKTagsiBaior 62 ci, T. ¢. (WHY pPyKaBa m0 Mepke muoc 2 cu, Uepes sry TouKy mpono_aT TOPHS0HTANILHYIO IHHWIO — JIMHWIO HUSA PYKA- za. Or O go A orenapbisaior 17,2 ca, tT. 6. '/s UACTR OkpyiKHOCcTH Mpoitme: mmc 1 cat,— BLI- cory oxata pykapa. Hs Toukn A srpaso mt Bae- BO MPOBOJAT TOPHSOHTANbHYIO NHHHIO — mu- HINO BLICOTM okata pyKaBa. Or A go Touex C u if orKmagHBawT 10 MonoBMHe IMEpHHEI py- Kapa (21,8 cw). Bex mmpyna pykana panna 43,5 cM, T, €. OKRPYHOCTH NpOUMEL MHHYe 5 cat (48,5 —5=43,5). Wa rouex Cu 7 mpu yomonm yrombHnka BHHG NpPOBOAAT BePTHKAI_HEe IMHM gO mepe- $i CeveHHs UX C IMHHeli HH3a pyKaBa. Briuepul- BAIOT HI? PYKABA “epes BCNOMOTATeMLHEe TOU- KH, YIJWIHMB cepeqHHYy samHeli 4actH pyxapna Ha 2 c#t HM YROPOTHE cepeaquHy nepesHelt dacru py- Kapa Ha 1 car, posoxar BcnomMorarenbEbe mH- HHM jWIf EbIvepuHBaAHHA OKaTa pyxaBa. Ji1a sToro TONKY O coeguustor c Toukama C u MM. Jiumno OC penar ua TpH YacTH MU OT HmHeit TPeTH BREPX 16 AHHH oTKMagEBaoT 1 car. Ber YepuMBAIOT OKAT sagueli YWaACTH PyHaEA ‘wepes BCHOMOPaTeAbHBle TOUKH, KAK WORAsaHO Ha 4ep- tee. JInHuio Of genar Ha 4erTpipe uacrit U BLIN€DUMBAIOT OKAT MepeqHeli uacTH pyKara yepes BCIOMOraTeNbHble TOURM, Kak mokasaHo .Ha uepTeme, [jax HaxomeHMs HHH OKTA paccTonHme or A fo H fenatT nomonam W BRepx OT MOMOBH- HEI oTRAagEBADT 1,5 cu. Yepes roury 1,5 mpo- BORAT POPHSOHTAIBHY1O JHHHIO — JIHHHIO HOKTH. Ilccrpoenne BbIEpOWKH —ByXWOBHOTO PYKAapa [a WaM-nannTo (pie, 19, 2) JIBYXIIOBHEIT PYKAB MAAW-TaIETO COCTONT HS BepxHeli HW Hue uacreli. Crpont ero Ha BLIKpOHKe OJHOMIOBHOTO pykana cme qyIOUIHM OOpas0M: HAMeYaIOT JIMHNIO CepesiHhi pyKaBa, THHHIO BLICOTLI OkATA 1 MuuIo Torts. Uipu- HY wepegueli YacTH DPYKABA TO AMHNH oKaTa H JIMHHH HH3a mene TONOUAM HW MpOBOAT H- HHIO nepegnero cruba pykana. Winpuny saqHeii YaCTH Takike AeAT NoTOMaM H MpOHORAT mu- HHO JokTeBoro cruba. Wrobnt or BEIEpOHKM Of- HOMOBHONO PYKABA OTPeSATh HHIRHIOIO YACTb TBYXWOBHOLO, WIMPY WepeANeii YactH pyKa- Ea OT IHHW nepeaHero cru6a go Mepeqnero cpesa TeIAT WOoMoMam MW OT cepesWHEL B cTopo- Hy epesa orraayniBaot 1 eu. Ma tourn 7 suns NPOBOAAT BePTHKAIHHYHO JIMHMIO, WAapasen- Hylo cpe3sy PyKaka, MW HA THHUH TOKTA oopm- ai0T Tporu6, oTRMaABIBAR 10 1,5 eat B obe cro- POHE! OT NpPOReReHHOH AMHNM. BamTpuxoBaHn- HY} YACTL PYKABA OT NepesHero cpesa orpe- SaOT, WporHh BbIpesaioT, vem obopMIa0T THHWIO WepesHero cpesa BepxHeli uacta py- Kana. Ilo MHHHM BICOTLI OKATA OT THHUIT HOKTERO- ro erHGa B CTOpOHY BagHero cpesa OTHKUAyEI- BaioT 3 ca. [lo um okTa B cropoHy cpesa oTknagbiBarr 2 cw. Winpany safe wacTH py- KABA 110 IHHHH HH3a OT CepeAHHEI 0 NOKTeEBOTO cruba femat na Tp uaetn. [ima oopmaens IHHUM OKTEBOTO cpesa BepxHeli YactH pykKaza TOUKY J HA JUIHMH BEICOTEI OkaTAa COeAMNAIOT © TOUKOH 2 Ha HHH IOKTa W ¢ TOuKOi meme- HUA Ha NIHHHH Ha. SATeEM UHHHIO OKTeBOrO epesa MponomtawT Fo mepeceienua c mawel OKaTa, Kak NoKasaHoO Ha pic, 19,2. Iupiry Saqneli UaACTH pyKaBAa 110 AHHMM HHgAa OT cpesa AO MokTesoro cruba ReneT moToraM W OTMe eH- HYIO TOURY COCAMHRIOT ¢ TOUKO! 2 no aHHMH JOKTA, 4eM O*hOPMIKIOT AORTeBOH cpes HHmHeli 4MACTH Pykana. SallTpHxXOBAHHY?0 YACTh PYKABA OT BATHETO CpesA OTPeSAWT Mf CKMAJEIBAIOT ce C OTPeIaHHOl Nepewueli YacThIO, KAK TMOKasaHO Ha pie. 19, e, T. €. nomyuatoT BRIKpOHKY HiK- Heli uactu pykaza. Ocrapmasca BEiKpolixa 6y- Get BepxHeli uacTeio pykaza (puc. 19, @). Bopotuunr (pune. 19, 2c) Ha auere 6ymaru nameyaror roury A. TWpw TMOMOMM YrONBHUKA Yepes Touky A mpono_ar Ake BSAHMHO TepleHyquKyAApHEIe munuH. Ilo TOPH30HTAILHON mHHHM or A go B orKmayET zaroT 21 ca, T. e. MepKYy OKPy2KHOCTH Wer moe 3 ca, Hem oONpexenmoT AINHY NpuBHOH wa- eTH BopoTauKa (18+3=21). Or A no P orkna- Retpator 6 eat —riporn6 HHH npHuriBa BO- potuuka. Tourn P u B coeannmior penomora- TeNEHOM TIpAMO JIMHMeH, gaTem OT cepeaHHEI aTot mM obopatswr mporn6 mpunmproit THHHM BopoTHuKa ua 1 cH. Or P go A orknagemawr 13 cu — wapuny BopoTHHna csagqu. Or B BHUS OTRIADEIEAIOT 10 cst — umpuHy BopoTHuka cnepegn. Or Trou- Ku IQ Bupabo oTKnagniparor 6 cat — BHcTyn YI0B BOPOTHHKA (BhICTyYM yru0B BOpOTHHKA Momer Grrr, G—10 cm). Touxn Bw 6 coegn- HHT To auHeHKe. BErsepyHEaior oTerHolt cpes BOpoTHMKA, co- equHAd TOUKH H u 6 opanpHoli aunuell. JIOCTPOEHHE BLIKPOHKH TIEATI-IIA ITO C DENbHOKPOEHBIM JIJIMHHbIM PYKABOM H JIACTOBUIEM (pyc. 20) BeIKpouKY MWA-MaAbTO C WeAbHOKpOeHBINT ANMHHLIM PyKABOM HM jAcTORNeH crpoaT mo OCHOBHOM BbIKpOlKe cEobotHOre Mmam-namETo, Cuuuka (pne, 20, a) Ha aucre Gymaru B 1eBOM BEpxXHeEM yrury o6- EOIAT BbIKpOiky CIMHEH cBobo~Horo mam Tamsto. Ha o6beqenHoit BbIKpoiike ormeuaioT UHHH THYGUHSI mpolimer, Tanun, Gezep u nH- HHIO IHPUHEI crunxy. Tneyeroi cpes couEKu TOfHUMaloT B pocTKke Ha 1 cM, m0 KpAIO mte- Ya —Ha 2 ca. [na wanpannenn noxpesa ana HACTOBHULI OT IWHPHHbI CIHHKH MO JHE Puty- OHHEI NDOMBI B eropoHy GoKoBoro cpesa or- Hnaynmartor 2 cm, Or Tourn 2 Baus — 4 car. Tlo 6oKOs0MY cpesy BHHS OT TIyOHHEI MpolimEl oT- Riagpinaior 11 ev. Touxn 4 w 7 coeguusiot, TpOsOmKan THHINO Tompesa Ha 6 cH ga GOKO- Bol cpes. Or Toukm Ji tog mpaAMbIM yraom & THHHH TOAPesa OTKTANEIBAIOT 22,8 ct, T. e. UI PHHY pykapa BBepxy, PABHYIO TOT0BuHE IMpI- HEI BTawHOrO pykasa moc 1 ca. [aa nampan- J@HHA BePXHeTO cpesa Pykaba nog_HATHit Kpail Teuenoro cpesa COeAHHAIOT c OTMe4deHHO! WH- PHHOH pyKana H Npo_onmator aH BHIs. OT KPAX TWeveboro cpesa NO MpOBeRenNol mHHit OTKIASbIBaIOT Finny pykapa (62 cat). ox mpa- MBIM YIIOM kK [UIHHe PYKABA OTKJANBIBAIOT Iu HiiO IUHPHHEI pykaba BHUay (18 cx), sarem BHus — 2 cu. Toury 2 no munelike coemmusariot © oOTMeueHHOl IMpHHOl pykKaBa BEepxyY O@OPMIAIOT BLITYKIOCTL BepxHero cpesa pyKa- Ba, RAK TOnasaHO Ha wepTeme. [Ina otbopmste- HHA HUGKHErO cpesa pykapa Touky 18 coenu- HAIOT ¢ KOHIOM Togxpesa 2A MaAcTOBNILI — TOUKOH 6. Tlonounra (pue. 20, 6) Ha aucte Gymari B mpanOM BepxHeM yrsy ODBORAT BLIKPOMRY nepesa cnobognoro man TanstTo. Ha obgexeHHoit BbIkpolike HameuatoT JWHHH TryOuHDI MpolMEr, Tamu, Geep 1 mH- HHO WIWpHHEI nmepeza. ['nyOuHy BbITayKU oT BrOpoH JHHHH yMeHBMawT na 1—2 em (_08 MANGHEKOTO 610cTa na 1 ca, qua bomEMora — Ha 2). CooTnercrBeHHO YMeHLLIaIOT JAMHYy IL1e- yenoro cpesa Ha 1—2 cu (yMeHLUIeHHaR BEI- TAKA H Ne€PpeMeieHHLIt Kpali mmeueBoro cpesa OTMe¥eHEI Ha puc, 20,6 mirpuxamn). Barem me “eBOH cpe3s TONOUKM Y TOPAOBHHEI H TO TMHTHt BBITAYRH OyeKaioT Ha 0,5 cM, a mo Kpato me weBOro Cpesa TosHMMaIoT Ha 1,5 car. (ink HAnpabnenna NoOmpesa TNA JIACTORHICEI Of JHHHH WIHPHHbI Wepela 10 wHHHM rryGuUHE MpouMEt B cTopoHy OGokoBoro cpesa orKazEt BaIOT 2 cat, OT TOUKH 2 BHiia — 4 cH, m0 GoKO- OMY cpesy BHU oTRNagEBair 11 ew. Toux 4u Ii coegnnsiwr, mpogommkaa aMHuio nOApeda Ha 6 ca ga GoKoBoi cpes. Or Tourn 17 nog mps- MEIM YOM K HHH Moxpesa oTKNAgbIRAOT 19,8 ca, T. e. IIHpMHy pyKaza BRepxy, paBHy10 MOMOBHHE WHPWHBI BTAaYHOTO pyKABA MHHYyC 2 cat. ius HanpaBieHHA BepxHero cpesa pykane TOHATLI KpAait MTexeBOrO cpesa CcoemuiAIoT c OTMeYeHHOH LINPHHO pykaza H nposouAIOT JUHHIO BHUS. OT KpaH WaeyeRoro cpesa mo mpo- BeWeHHOl MMH OTKMALHBAIOT AMHY pyKaba TONOUKM Ha 2 ci MeHBUIé, Yem y cnHHKH (60 cu). Baran BHNS nO, MpAMEIM yruomM oT- Kiagiiparwor 4 cu, Touxy 4 coemuunior c oTMe- 6 Pue. 20. Tlocrpoetme BEKpoiikn miall-nannro ¢ WenbHORPOPHEIM JAMHHLIM pyxapoM H nacroBumeli: a—cnimma; 6—= nepen; ¢ — xacronuna. MeHHOI DINPUHOH PYKABA BEEDNY W odbopMsiawT BDIMYKI0CTh BeEPXHELO cpesa PyKaka, Kak TOKAa- SAHO HA Yepteme. Or rourn 4 oTrknagbipawrT WUpHHy pykaza BHUBSY (15 cH). [nA oopmae- HHA HHMHETO cpega pykana Touky 15 coeqH- H#HOT C KOHIIOM Togpesa AAA JACTORHMIb! — ToUKol G6. Jlacrosmia (pyc. 20, a) Tipu NoMoMH yroubHMka NpOROAAT [He BsAa- MMHO TepleHsukyIapHEle mMmHnM. Touky mepe- cevenHs obosHauaroT 6yxBolt A. Or Tourn A B o6e CTOPOHE! OTKIATEIBAaINT 10 5 CM, T, e. 110 MO- MOBHHE TWHPHHE! NAacTORUMEL (TOTOBHHa INHpH- HEI JACTOBHIEI PABHA NOMOBMHe DIMpHHET MpOH- MBI MHHyCc 2 ea). Buna or roukn A oTKjagel- BaIOT T Cit (HHIKHMI KOHEM AACTOBMILI, KOTO- ppt BxoguT B Gokosol m0B). Brepx of TOUKH A orkaappisaior 15 ¢ — oT- pesOK, PABHEM AME noApesa or TOURH £ fo woukH 6 (Ha pyxase). [upHAy 4 KOHTET aacTo- BHU! COeqMHAIOT 10 amiHelike. O CIIOCOBAX MOUEJIMPOBAHMA Cnocotor paspaborku tbaconos, rT. e. nepene- CHS HACOHHEIX IHHHIt ¢ PUCYHKA HA BETKpOii- Ky (Mozennponantia), cyliecrsyer MHoro, HO mpu mo6om (ua Hux), Kpome MyastHOrO, BHa- “ane MPOROART Mo_roToBHTembHyi0 paboTy. Ilpeztge Bcero pellaoT, Ha Kako BEIKpoliKe Gyger pazpaGatpipaTeca bacon (BTauHoll wm TENbHOKPOCHEM, QNHHBIt i KOpOTKHH py- Kan). Savem ocHoBHyIo BEIKpOliky obpogaT Ha auete Gymaru. O6neqeHHyio BLIKDOIKY He BBI- pesabOT MOKA He HAHECeHE! BCe (acCOHHIe J- HUH, TAK Kak OHM MOTT, BLIXOANTE 3A TIpese nL BIKpOWKH (KeNBNHOKpOCHBIt BOpOTHHK, npH- TICK HA BACTeXKKY 1 T. 11.) Ecmt (bacon aciimerpwuneiii, To BLIKpOliKy HA wucre 6ymaru obpogsT B pagBepHYTOM BIE, T. e. o620,n7T ofe NONOBNEHEI Tepeza MH COHH- xn. Bo scex ciyHaHx Ha PHCYHKe HM Ha BLI- Kpolike oTMevatoT cepeauiy mepeza. Ha pueyH- Ke, MOKASAHHOM B Momyobopor, cepeguny mepe- Ra OTMeYAaloT NPIOAHSGHTCIEHO, Ha Tas. JIE OCHOBaHMA Wen OTMeyaIOT Ha pucyH- Ke If Ha BEIKpOliKe. Ha pucyuke, rae acon no- Ka3aH C SAKPEITOM saAcTeMKOl, WHHHIO OCHOBA- HHA Mew OTMewaIOT NO patio BOpoTHHKA, Een PHCYHOK C OTKDEITLIM BEIPe3OM FOpIOBHHLI, TO JHHHIO OCHOLAHHA Wel HAaMeUaIOT Ha ras, KAK GLI MEICICHHO TIOJPUCOBEIBANS SAKDPLITEI BLIpes, A HA BRIKpOlike oTy MHUIO MpPOBOLAT mo HIIK- HeMy YIWy POpOBHHEL. TlonomeHHe IMHHM Tamim Ha pucyHKe oTMe- 4YAIOT 110 CAMOMY Y3KOMY Mecry uryp, na BLIKpOoliKe — To OnyUeHHOll muHMH Tamu. 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Packnas,ibasd BBIKpOHEH Ha TKAHM, YIHTHIBAIOT HANPABIEHHe TONesOH HUTIT (Ha pucyHKax HanpaBnenue omeroll nuTH npu PAcKpoe MOKASAHO [ByxXcTOpOHHelt cTpenKoii), IPUNYCKH HA MIBbI H SANACL, HANpABNeHHe pH- CYHKA H BOPCA THAHH, & TAKIKe CeLAT Ba TEM, UTOOLI PACKPOH ObIT SKOHOMHEIM, T. €, Mouyua- TOC KAK MOJKHO MCHBLUe OTpesKOB H BLINaTLOB TKAHH. Buauane packraqpipalT H MpHKAasEI- HAalOT OVIABKAMM BCe KPYNHEe JeTami BLIKpOH- KH, 3ATEM MeJIKHe, obnogaT Hx lo Kparo CILJ1ouI- HOW JHHHel TOHKO OTTOUCHHEIM MenOM, saTeM WAIOT IPHIYCKH HA BEI W SANACkE WYHKTHpHOH aunHneli, Tocne Yero mpHcTynaior K packporw. Packpanbas, TKAHB He MOAHHMaloT oT cToma, HOWSHHIbL LCPIKAT OCTPLIM KOHIOM BHH3, BHH- rom K ceGe. BITaukH Ha TKAHM He BLIpesator, A TONBKO OTMe4aior HX KOHTYDEI, Tip packpoe usfenus 3 BOPCOBEIX TRaHEeH, & TAKKe Ha TRaHe! c OMMOCTOPOHHUM Hampan- HCHMEM PUCYHKAa BEPXHIOW YacTL BRIKPOeK BCex FeTaneli yEIATEIEAWT B OFHYy CTOpoHy. 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