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UPPER INTERMEDIATE Virginia Evans - Bob Obee Module 1 Module 2 Module 3 Module 5 Contents UNIT1 communication meansiways of communication; types | - ‘A Muttingual internet’ Crossing Barriers | language; gestures _|of languages; gestures & feelings (gapped text) (pp. 7-22) sayftellSpeak/talk; fed phrases & + "Theatre for the Deaf’ phrasal verbs related to communication | (multiple choice questions) UNIT 2 feelings; emotions; _| moods and emotions; physical = ‘Happy?’ (gapped text) Moods and happiness sensations, expressing feelings; = Extract from Sense & Sensibility Feelings extreme adjectives; smiles; phrasal (gapped text) (pp. 23-38) verbs; prepositions ‘SelF-Assessment Module 1 (pp. 39-42) UNIT 3 worlsjobs; earning a |job skills and qualities; forms of = ‘Why don't you get a proper Making a Living _||iving; money matters | money; confused words; |?" (mutiple choice) (pp. 45-60) . __[idiomsiphrasal verbs related to money; | - ‘Great British Jobs! (multiple prepositions matching) UNIT4. dwellings; household | types of houses; rooms/areas of a ~ ‘Going Underground (gapped Make Yourself at | items house; appliances and furniture; idioms | text) Home and fixed phrases with ‘home’; phrasal | Extract from Great Expectations (pp. 61-76) verbs; prepositions (rnultiple chore) ‘Self-Assessment Module 2 (pp. 77-80) UNITS modern trends; appearance and character; media; + ‘Realty show fever’ (multiple Modern Living | ifestyies fame; idioms and fixed phrases related | matching) (pp. 83-98) to lifestyles; phrasal verbs; prepositions | - ‘The Magic of Pantomime! (gapped text) UNIT6 holidays; traveling | getting around; holiday objects; signs; | - ‘Guilt-free Holiday’ (multiple Going Places (pp. travel describing holiday experiences; matching) 99-114) phrasal verbs and fixed phrases related | Extract from The Moon and Self-Assessment Module 3 (pp. 115-118) to travel; idioms; prepositions peace and conflict; taking contro Idioms/fied phrases related to history; Phrasal verbs; prepositions Sixpence (gapped text) History Lessons (multiple choice) ‘Amelia; Where are you? (aapped text) UNIT? history historical History figures (pp. 121-136) UNIT8 education Learning Lessons (pp. 137-152) Self Assessment Module 4 (pp. 153-156) UNITS environmental issues Planet Issues (pp. 159-174) education systems; places in a school; types of schoo! exams and qualifications; ichomyfixed phrases related to education; phrasal verbs; prepositions green issues; environmental problems; Phrasal verbs/dioms & fixed phrases Felated to the environment; prepositions “The Cyber Schoo!" (gapped text) = xtra from Tom Brown's Schoo! Days (multiple choice) The Antarctic: key to the Planet Earth (gapped text) Save our Seeds (multiple choice) UNIT 10 health; eating habits; The Cycle of Life | stagesin lite (pp. 175-190) ‘Self Assessment Module 5 (pp. 191-194) ‘Grammar Reference Section (op. 196-212) regular Verbs (p. 213) Appendices (pp. 214-221) Further Practice (pp. 222-235) Tapescrpts (pp. 237-259) Word list (pp. 261-264) healthy lifestyle; healthy eating; food & drinks, phrasal verbs, idioms related to health; accidents & injuries, prepositions Lying fora Century (mutta choice) + Extract fom Little Women (aapped text) articles; determiners; too! enough; partitives; countable/uncountable nouns multiple choice; note- taking expressing preferences; comparing/contrasting; ‘making suggestions; responding posttvey/negatively; making ‘assumptions; saying goodbye lettersemails = informal + semi-formal * forral Present Simple & Present Continuous; Stative Verbs; Used to - Be used to/Get used to; word formation: forming adjectives -ing form or infinitive; reported speech; introductory verbs word formation: forrning negative adjectives matching speakers to statements, multiple choice multiple choice; sentence completion; matching speakers to statements asking about and expressing feelings; texclamations; indirect questions expressing and asking for opinions; agreeing/disagreeing:encouragingy responding positively/negatvely; demanding and giving explanations; asking for and giving advice transactional ettersiemails = requesting information = making complaints + reports + letters of application Present Perfect; Present Perfect Continuous; woed formation: adjective endings adjectives; adverbs; comparisons; word formation: adjective suffies matching speakers to statements; multiple choice ‘multiple choice; nate- taking expressing wishes; making a complaint; voiding giving a direct answer; making suggestions! recommendations; expressing the result of suggestions asking for personal views; expressing lkes/isikes and justifying, soresding ets; reacting to news; making suggestions! giving alternatives; paying compliments ~ making suggestions Uerters, articles) + for-and-against (articles, letters, compositions) ‘modal verbs; word formation: derivatives past forms; past modals; ‘word formation: verb suffixes matching speakers to statements, multiple choice multiple choice; note- taking interrupting; encouraging; persuading/agreeing/disagreeing; ‘complaining; criticising; apologizing: ‘asking for opinion; complimenting, thanking asking for confirmation/responding Positivelyinegatively, expressing Uncertainty, narrating personal experiences + narratives (1) + narratives (2) ‘the passive; the causative, ‘word formation: -ng/-ed ‘endings future forms; conditionals mixed conditionals; wishes; ‘word formation: prefixes ‘matching speakers to statements, multiple choice ‘multiple choice; note- taking congratulating; consoling; expressing and justifying cpinions/agraeing/ disagreeing; giving opposing views; reacting asking indirect questions; expressing ignorance/uncertainty; expressing concern; introducing a topic; asking about feelings; expressing feat/anxietyhhopemegative feelings; expressing frustration = stating opinions (ettersfemails-articles- compositions) defining/non-defining relative causes; clauses of concession/ purpose/result; question tags ‘matching speakers to statements; multiple choice diving advice; rejecting/accepting advice ~ revision & extension Published by Express Publishing ‘ Liberty House, New Greenham Park, Newbury, Berkshire RG19 6HW Tel. (0044) 1635 817 363 Fax: (0044) 1635 817 463 e-mail: inquiries@expresspublishing.co.uk http: /Awww.expresspublishing.co.uk © Bob Obee — Virginia Evans 2008 Design and lustration © Express Publishing, 2008 Colour Mutations Chis, Stone © Express Publishing, 2008 Music Compositions & Arrangement by Ted © Express Publishing, 2008 First published in ths edition 2008 Thitd impression 2010 ‘ Made in EU All rights reserved. No part ofthis publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, oF transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers, This book is not meant to be changed in any way. ISBN 978-1-84862-082-7 Acknowledgements ‘Authors’ Acknowledgements We would like to thank all the staff at Express Publishing who have contributed ther skill to producing this Book, ‘Thanks are due in particular to: Megan Lawton (Editor in Chief), Stephanie Smith and Michael Sadler (senior editors) Andrew Wright (editorial assistant), Bran O'Nel (senior production controler) and the Express Publishing design tear, Warehouse (fecording producer) and Emily Newton, Kevin Haris, Daniel Parke, Erica Thompson and Timothy Forster for their support and patience. We would also like to thank those institutions and teachers who piloted the manuscript, and whose comments and feedback were invaluable in the production of the book. 4 The authors and publishers wish to thank the following wha have kindly given permission for the use of copyright material, Unit 1: “Multiingual websites widen the way to 0 new online word” by Julian Petkin, © Financial Times, February 2001; “TerpTheare"by Dan McDougal, © 1998-2002; Unit 2: *Happy?"by Dorothy Rowe, © The Observer, www observercouk; A “Simple Tuth about Happiness’ by Dennis Prager, © Reader's Digest; “Good Luck ~ Chinese Style" by Susan Hornik, © Reader's Digest; Unit 3: “Busines & Mone’ "Lie isa cabaret, mum, © Maureen Freely; Unit 4: ‘When Home saConcrte Tank’; © Clive FewinsTimes Newspapers Limited 04/02/1995, © Times Newspaper Lmited 04/02/1995; Unt 5: “The Magic of Pantomime — History and Tedtons’, © Nigel Elacott and Peter Robbins, Unit 6: “Re gtoup appeals fr warship’ inca Site Cable Car Pan Sparks ‘Ange’ "Goa stuns backpackers "Excess Baggage ~ Ethical Tours’ by Athut Smith Unit 8: “The Cybercass’s Unt 9: Milenium Seed Bank Project”, © WTMB; Unit 10:10 aystolveto 110", © Deborah Hutton; Self Assessment Module 2: The Green Home, ‘© These exact: are taken from Focus Magazine, the UK-based science and discovery monthly (to subscribe please call +44 (0) 1858 438822), Self Assessment Module 4: “Weve cavemen astronomers”, © These extracts are taken from Focus Magazine, the UK-based scence and discovery monthly (to subscribe please call +44 (0) 1858 438822), ‘Prehistoric Painting’ Copyright (© 1999-2008 Beyond Books® a service of New Forum Publishers, Inc; Self Assessment Module 5: ‘Creauresofthe canopy, © ‘These extracts are taken from Focus Magatine, the UK-based scence and discovery manthly (to subscribe please call +84 (0) 1858 438822) While every effort has been made to trace all the copyright holders, if any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers willbe pleased to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity. Sie : Units 1-2 | Before you start ... isten, read and talk about Phrasal verbs Write ‘+ What does the title of the module mean to you? '* How do you communicate with people? '* How is your mood affected by everyday situations? ‘© means of communication «character qualities ways to communicate ‘+ physical sensations © gestures ‘+ expressing feelings + moods & emotions © make suggestions + express extreme feelings ‘= make assumptions ‘© ask about feelings * compare photographs express preference related to: © communication * feelings + attices & determiners ‘= present simple/present = too/enough continuous + pattitives = stative verbs © countablefuncountable used tofbe/get used io nouns = informal/semi-formal formal lettersiemails © transactional letters! emails Lead-in Look at the map. What do you think the highlighted regions have in common: culture ~ religion - language - other? (@) Listen and fil in the missing words/phrases. © Alot of [1] are in English © BJ and government negots Bons aa analy conducted i ngish et ala tt iT a pM ia Set bn core rom te USA or the UK. © The USA exports [5] ‘to the whole world, bb. Match the sentences in Ex. 2a to the topics below. Can you think of other factors which have encouraged the use of English around the world? ‘the media [2] # tourism [7] « the internet [7] + international trade [1] * world politics [] ‘a. Which of the following do you consider to be the most useful while studying English? Rank them, then compare your list to your partners. * dictionaries + songs + travel + nen fiends + reading magazinevbcoks + radio programmes * watching fms * watching the news + attending lessons b. Make a lst of five things you have had difficulty with in learning or communicating in English Discuss them with your partner and comment ‘on each others problems. Use the useful language below. “Making Suggestions [Responding Positively © Why don’t you...2| © That's a good idea, * Iflwereyou,! | © OK. Why not? would [think you're right, + What about..2- |» I nevei thought of that * You should/ought to/might want to Responding Negatively * Irsno good think about ee bave you thenghe jon't know about ..? * 11m not really into don't know what good it | would do | ‘Ive gotaproblem with phrasal verbs. B Why dont you use dlctionary? ‘A: Idon' know what good would do 4. BEIM paraphrase the quotations below. Which cone do you agree with? Why? If we all spoke the same language, there vould be Fewer conflicts and wars! 5 EEIW_inyour opinion, will English be more widely spoken in the future? Why (not)? Can you think of any aspects of life where English is or will be the only language used? Reading Do you ever need to surf the Internet for study/ work purposes? Which language do you tend to use? b. Look at the following sentences and decide whether you think they are true or false. ‘Approximately 75% of web pages on the Internet ate in English. 5% of the world's population speak English well Chinese languages are more widely spoken than English Most people prefer to use English when shopping online. As both Asian and European markets use the Internet more ‘and more fo conduct business, there will be an increasing reed for more language choices forthe diferent markets. Now read quickly through lines 10-25 of the article to check your answers. What do you think is the world’s most widely spoken language? Most people are under the impression that it is F English as this is the language that is used most frequently. ® In paits, look at the ttle of the article and the oon the Internet. If this were true, it would, of course, bring [ introduction to the text. Discuss what you think 7 | enormous benefits for both worldwide communications and 5° the text might be about. understanding, although it could also become thes! fo cultural diversiy. And English cerloinly does seem to be everywhere, from films to pop music end TV, and from business to science and other fields CY STRATEGY POINT '* Read the text through and think of what kind of ifrmation msn. «Read the It of rising snterces, Cis ou the ane wed inthe xe Fa the sentences nto the gas + Remenber to look for ces sich a5 reference soe tate + Check your ase and ea the tet though secif makes src, Remeber that thee one sertenceyou donot need 0 se It comes as quite @ surprise then thet even though oround 10 75% of the pages on the Web ore in English, this is the < mother tongue of only 5% of the world’s population. < [11] This means that a relatively small number of the ' world’ population ean communicate well in English. Alo, < the numbers of people who con speak English is nowhere 15 near as high as itis for other languages such as Chinese or Spa So with more and more people accessing the Internet nowadays, including many businesses wanting to conduct ‘e-business, the position of English is beginning to change. 20 ‘As businesses in these regions increase ther use of the Internet it hos become apparent to many of them that Read the article and choose the most suitable people would rather buy things online if they can order in 2 sentence (A-H) for each gap (1-7). There is one extra their own language. It has also been pointed out that many sentence whichis not needed. Which words helped people see the use of English as a threat to cultural diversity. 25 ‘you decide? ‘As a result, companies wanting to reach world markets are: now beginning to realise they will have to translate their ‘A. They may also have to change their way of doing [JJ websites for their various customers. Howe ing @ business to suit certain customers. multilingual website is not on easy task And B The reason for ths is that, quite simply, the qualty is J) unfortunately they ore problems with no easy solutions, 30 not good enough for professional use. © One reason for this is that both Europe and Asia have become growth areas for the Web. D_ But one thing which is certain is that 2 growth in the use of the internet is quaranteed & Most companies cannot afford to translate thei sites E They are more likely to have the flexibility to be able into English ‘0 adapt quickly to changes. H Companies wishing to translate their sites for F What is more, the number of proficient speakers of different markets face both technical and linguistic the language is only sightly higher. cifficulties. ing bis For one thing, companies are unable to use the automated ily translation systems which already exist in the. market "9 AT] This hos left businesses allover the world facing a nd.5 huge challenge with virualy no real information about how fo to doit, a be And translating webs is ony he first step thot companies 7 will have to deal with. There are also likely to be customers ‘with questions or problems that they will need to discuss in nd 10 their own language. Another thing companies will need to he do is adapt their adverising materials so as not to offend 40 7 diferent cutures. [5 _] In Japan, for exomple, they do fa not tend fo give their edit card details over the Web. There =: ‘ore alto cll sorts of legal issues to toke ino consideration. ¥e15 Such vast changes will not happen overnight. In the first 3 place it is impossible to say exactly how many texts there 45 ‘ere_on the Web" as the number is changing all the time. rt 6] _] Componies doing ebusiness simply need fime to it translate their sites into the various languages necessary 10 20 do business. Meanwhile, more and more material in se different languages is being added to the Web at an ever 50 a increasing pace. ” ‘While all this is happening, small local companies doing & "Y 25 business only in the language of their target market and me who are also aware of the cultural aspects ofthat morket, Ps will certainly be at an advantage. [7] __] The problems of 55 ir language and culture could well imitlarger companies From a expanding and so offer more opportunities to smaller of businesses in poorer areos ofthe world 30 ® Vocabulary Practice In pairs, look at the words in bold in the text and try to explain them, 14, Match the words. Make sentences using them 5 D Text Analysis A 8 mother use cutural ‘tongue credit card diversity access markets professional the Internet world details ‘My mother tongue Polish Here are some phrases from the text you have just read. Choose the correct meaning of each phrase. 1. ...athreat to cultural diversity (lines 6-7) cultural variety might be attacked cultural variety might disappear 2... become growth areas a are increasing in size bare increasing their business activities (centence C) 3... a huge challenge (line 34) 2 having to translate sites into different languages b_ having to improve the quality of existing systems 4. translating websites is only the fist step (line 36) 2 there will be further probiems to face bb websites need to be translated first 5... change their way of doing business (sentence A) companies will need to change the products they sel b companies will need to change their approach to business 6... could well imit larger companies .. line $6) a large? companies will be limited by smaller companies larger companies will beat a disadvantage © discussion 6 Now scan the text, underline and note down the reasons why websites will need to become multilingual in the near future. Then, in pairs, discuss any other reasons you can think of for developing multingual websites. EIS In pars, iscuss the following questions. ‘+ How might a multilingual internet help you in your studieswwork? ‘= Can you think of any drawbacks to such a system? Language Focus © Means of Communication 1 c Cetters © ways to Communicate 2 a. Look at the pictures. Which verbs in the list collocate with each means of communication? + mal itesend/receive/answerfaddtess eters 'b. What do you normally use these different means of communication to do? Discuss with a partner. * apply fora job * book a tablet a restaurant + introduce somebody to somebody else ‘+ make an oficial complaint « ask a favour ‘inte someone toa party * set up a meeting + get somebody's attention ‘At Inoimaly write alter oran ena to apply for ajob 8: ‘Metoo, but peopl can aso senc an application by fx What other means of communication can you think of? dd. Which means are: personal/impersonal eficient/ inefcent, economical costly formal/informal, ‘eliableunreliable, camplicated/ecsy? Give reasons. {think sending afar is ecient because you can senda copy of diferent documents fost ‘a, Match the pictures to the verbs. yet SL yawn GU cap 7 wiiste phone cal” fax message)" (note) (tert message) face to face email * answer + address * communicate # write * send receive « talk Use the phrases in the box to say what the situation is in each picture (A-G). Useful language: Making Assumpti Judging from ... he may/could/might be | can't tel for sure / be certain, but it looks as if she She must be | don't think he could be .. because She can’t possibly be .. because Judging from their hoppy faces, the people might be lapping their hands because they are enjoying a performance, Aspects of Language 2. Filln: ist, accent, native, body, language, tongue, speech talk. 1. You can understand a lot about how a person is, feeling by examining his language. 2 ack speaks four languages, but his language is Enalish 3 Jane speaks French so well you'd think she was a speaker. 4 Its difficult to understand someone who has a strong regional 5. The official of The Netherlands is Dutch. German is his mother although he also speaks excellent French, We made some small about the weather and then went on ta talk about the contract. | didn’t mean to offend you — it was just a figure b. Use four of the phrases from above to tell your partner about yourself ‘My mother tongue s Portugues. - S cestures 4 Match the gestures (1-6) to the phrases (@f). Do they mean tthe same in your country? b. Which person is calm? impatient? uncertain? pleased? sappointed? Why are the people feeling like this? The man in picture 1 seems to be impatient because he has been held up in taf. D words often confused 5 Choose the correct word to complete the sentences. Which sentence matches the picture? 1. They look so alike it's difficult to (ay/tell/speak/talk) the difference between them. 2 Come on, (say/telitalk/speak) your mind, | want your honest opinion. 3 [tsa surprise, so don't (say/tel/speak/talk) a word, 4. He's such a chatterbox! He (says/tells/speaks/talks) non-stop. 5 She's terribly bossy. She loves (saying/tellingy ‘speaking/talking) people what to do. 6 I'm meeting Jim tonight to (say/tell/speak/talk) business, € © Idioms and Fixed Phrases a Fill he gaps with touch, hold or contact, then explain the phrases in bold. 1. haven't been in a classroom for years, so im a litle out of touch with recent methodology. 2. Ineed to get sm Of Laurie and tell her that tonight's class is cancelled. 3 Let’ promise to wnite or cal atleast once a month so we don't lose .-with each other The harbour master lost with the ship. 5 Please the line while | check to see if the doctor is in his office. * 6 Journalists often come into people as part oftheir job with famous a Hury uot ‘bi don't believe itt ¢ limnot sure ve got no idea! fe Nice to meet YOU €_ Don't worn. > Prepositions Be Appendix 1 7__@ Fillin the gaps with the correct prepositions. 1 to hear from sb (b's news); 2to bump into sb; 3 10 wave sb; 4 connect sb; 5to glare sb; 6to srrile sb; 7to chat sb; 8 to shout sb; 9 to whisper sb; 10 to wite a etter sb; 11 to wink sb; 12to shake hands sb; 1310 make an appointment sb; 14 to communicate sb; 15 to havea meeting so b. Now make a chain story using items from Ex. 7a, St: [wanted to write letter to my friend Jonathan the other dy since hadn't heard from him for along time. 52: So 1 went outside to buy some envelopes, and / bumped ‘nto my neighbour Mrs West. etc D Phrasal verbs. Be + Appendix 2 Use the verbs below in their correct form to complete the paragraph. run #cut # switch «get * hang (2) « call » put | tried to call him on his mobile several times, but he had » it off, so I tried his office. His secretary told ime to hold the line and she would try to 2) me through. | had been 3) (on for about five minutes, when my card 4) out and | got 5) Off. went to 2 public phone box and tried ‘again, but this time I just couldn't 6) through ‘to his company at all. had given up, when my mobile phone rang. twas him! "Mark," | said, "at last." "Sorry, Fred," he said - "can | 7) you back in five minutes?" Before | could say anything he just 8) up. I'm stil waiting to talk to him, 11 Listening & Speaking 12 Chistening 1 a. Before you listen, read questions 1-8 and Underline the key words in each. Then think about: + how many people you will hear ‘what kind of language you expect to hear + what else you expect to hear Now listen and, for questions 1-8, choose the best answer (A, 8 or C). What key phrases helped you answer each question? STRATEGY POINT Its very important to read the questions before you listen. They contain valuable information about the situation, and also about what you should be listening for Your understanding of the following things will be tested in ths part: = general topic ~ speakers feelingvemotions ~ speakers attitude/opinion ~ speakers purpose Listen once and note down any answers you can. Listen again and complete the answers. 1. You'll hear a person talking about the ‘organisation she works for. What service is she talking about? ‘A medicine for the blind Bschool for the blind books for the blind 2 You hear a conversation in an office. Why has ‘the man gone there? A. to repair something B_ to phone somebody to check the line 3. You want to get connected to the Internet, and you call a helpline. What do you have to do? A Press" B Press 2" C Press 3" 4. Atthe airport, you hear aman leaving a ‘message on someone's answerphone. What does he want the person to do tomorrow? A. collect the car from a garage B_ meet him at the airport fix the car's brakes 5 You are listening to a radio interview. How does the man being interviewed feel? A angy B_ embarrassed C uninterested 6 You are listening to a news programme. ‘What is the report about? ‘A anew mobile phone company Ba new way to send text messages © anew way to communicate quickly 7 You heat a couple talking in a café, How does ‘the man feel about what the woman is showing him? A He is convinced he needs it B_ He doesn't understand it. © He thinks i's too expensive 8 You are listening to someone talking to a group of people. What is the man’s purpose? A. to persuade people to buy a product B. to reassure people that a product is safe C to stop people from buying a product a. You will listen to a report about the decline in ‘the use of public phone boxes in the UK. Before you listen, discuss the following questions. 1. Do you use public phone boxes? In what situations? Paraphrase the sentences autside the boxes in Ex. 2b. 3 Look again at the incomplete sentences in Ex. 2b. ‘With a partner, try to guess what kind of information is missing. For which items) is the missing information a number? For which i it a colour? STRATEGY POINT Read through the ten items before you listen and try ‘to guess what kind of information is missing, Bear in ming that the information you need to fillin a the boxes will be heard ‘word for word’, but its ss context outside the boxes will be paraphrased inthe recording ‘You will need between one and three words for each 3 2p. Make sure that your answers fit grammatically. ® Now iste tothe recording. Forauestons 1-10, = complete the sentences with one to three words. Look at the tapescript on page 238 and underline the words/phrases that refer to the items in bold in Ex. 2b. UP, The money BT makes from public telephones has A decreased After the invention of the telephone, it took only z for the first phone box ‘0 appear. ‘The first public phones were installed in B The phone box was initially referred to as 3 public [f When they finally appeared on the streets, they were found in [5 Gilles Gilbert Scott wanted to create a phone box that was part ofthe British [B Just like the post box. He intended phoneboxes to be coloured Fr Kiosks. Not only dd telephone Kiosks not disappear during the late 80s, but their number was [8 BT hes already installed e Internet kiosks, = Happiness Which means of communication is most efficient? ». Which of these means do you mostly use to communicate with your family/friends? = Useful language: Expressing preference + fd much rather... than ‘+ don't like the idea of... so would prefer to ‘+m notso keen on 50 wauld choose to Look at the two pictures below of people showing their happiness. Compare the two photographs, saying which of the two kinds of happiness is more important to you. Collectors can buy 2 traditional British phone box for 19] ©. Biitish phone boxes are considered a symbol of British culture. What everyday objects are considered a symbol of the culture of your country? Speaking D Means of Communication 3 a. Look at the two photographs showing different means of communication. Compare the two photographs, saying which you think is most efficient > Uselul language: Comparing ‘© The mainigreatesvmost imoortant/most significant difference between the photographs is that ‘The mast stiking/obvious similarity is that ‘Inthe first photograph, ... whereasiwhilefout in the second one Which of the two kinds of happiness is more important to you? 4, What other situations make you feel this way? ()) Usten to two candidates doing the speaking tasks above and compare their performance to that of your classmates, ‘Assess your lassmates in terms of: * grammar and vocabulary * discourse management + pronunciation «interactive communication Everyday English * Goodbye In pairs, guess and say what the other speaker says. Thanks, | wil b_ You too. ‘A: Enjoy your holiday © Sure, callme whenever. 8: Thanks, will, See you there 13 Reading: Culture Clip 42 Look at the poster below. What does it advertise? Have you ever attended such a STRATEGY POINT performance? Read the text quickly to get @ general idea of what itis about b, Read the title and the introduction to the text. Look at the frst part of the question, and underline What are you going to read? What do you key words, Don't read the options A-D yet. Find the think a sign language theatre interpreter does? part of the text the question refers to Go through the choices and underine the key words In pairs think of three questions you would like Choose the answer that best fits. Keep in mind that ‘to ask about a theatre interpreter. Read the the information may be rephrased text quickly and see if your questions were Even f you think you know the corect answer, alvays answered. check that the others are not appropriate ] Check your answer against the te 2. _ Read the text. For questions 1-8, choose the most appropriate answer (A, 8, C or D). There was a time when deaf people couldn’t experience the joy of a theatrical performance. This is all changing, thanks to Sign Language theatre interpreters. the hearing audience. This is the thinking _ workload is immense. Consider that each actor in behind the Americans with Disabilities the play has about four weeks to rehearse his or Act, which requires that theatres 5 become accessible to deaf people. Theatre producers, on the other hand, are beginning to realise that such a feature makes their product attractive to a wider 10 audience - with considerable financial rewards, Interpreted theatre usually takes place at two or three performances in a theatre season, 15 Preference for tickets is given to the deaf and their guests, but tickets are also sold to hearing people who are interested in seeing theatre interpreters at 20 work. It is a colossal project for the Dente enjoy play as much as translate and rehearse an entire play. The her lines; we have to learn the whole play in as much time, 30 ‘And, — when _ interpreting musicals, where timing, rhythm and harmonies must be practised, the workload doubles. 35 The — most important technical aspect of theatre interpretation for the deaf is the location of the interpreter. Placement strategies can be 40 categorised into three styles: ‘placed’, where interpreters are located outside the acting space and do not move; ‘zoned’, where interpreters are within the acting space, but usually move interpreters. Tan Cox works for only during a change of scene or SeeTheatre, a Chicago-based association of act; and, finally, ‘shadowed’, where interpreters interpreters. He says, for about a month we work move freely within the acting space, shadowing 25 with the support of a Sign Language consultant to. the movement of the actors for whom they are 50 14 interpreting 55 60 65 70 6 80 85 1 Theatre interpreters have become commonplace because ‘A. deaf people were avoiding the theatre, B. theatres wanted to become more accessible, anew law made their presence compulsory. D_ producers wanted a way to attract audiences. 2 Why do hearing people go to see interpreted performances? ‘A. They are the mast popular performances ofthe B They ae even better than standard performances ©. They give a better understanding ofthe pay D. They offer a chance to admie the work of interpreters, ‘The ‘placed’ style of interpreting in the theatre is by far the most common. The interpreters are side-by-side and face the audience (although some interpreters interact with each other as appropriate). The location of the interpreter is generally in one of three places: stage right or stage lef, or on the floor of the house. The ‘zoned! style of interpreter placement is a happy medium’ between the ‘placed’ and ‘shadowed! styles. Here, interpreters are placed side-by-side within the acting space. Usually, they change position on stage from scene to scene - or from act to act - in order to be within the same ‘zone’ as the majority of the action. Zone placement makes it easier for the deaf patron to see the interpreters and actors at the same time. ‘The ‘shadowed’ style of interpreting is the ‘most inclusive style of interpreting for the theatre, It involves placing the interpreters directly within the action — nearly making them ‘sign language actors’. The interpreters are ‘blocked’ into each scene, and literally shadow the actors. The advantage of this is clear: the interpreter is in such close proximity to the actor that the deaf patron need not make a decision about whom to watch — he or she can watch both at the same time, In the best of cases, the deaf patron mentally blends the interpreter with the actor, and forgets that the actor does not sign. ‘Theatre interpreters for the deaf are dedicated professionals who take great pride in their work. "Theatre," says Ian, "is the art of communicating beautiful ideas in interesting ways. Interpreted theatre, therefore, is an art in itself. Thankfully, instead of seeing us as ‘additions’, producers nowadays think of interpreters for the deaf as a new avenue to creativity." reo “@ ‘The workload of theatre interpreters is so great because they have to A learn the lines ofall the actors. B_ interpret infront of a consultant. C_ goto many of the rehearsals. D_ work inal parts ofthe production In which style(s) of interpreting do the interpreters change their position? A the zoned! style B. the'zoned’ and the ‘shadowed! styles the ‘placed! and the ‘shadowed’ styles D_ the shadowed’ style ‘Why does the writer refer to the ‘zoned! style as ‘alhappy medium’? A It combines elements fram the two other styles, B Itismostly used in ight-hearted plays It allows the interpreters to mix with the actors. It makes the interprete's job easier What does the word ‘this’ inline 74 refer to? ‘A. the advantages ofthe ‘shadowed! style B the position ofthe interpreters © the action in a performance D_ the placement of the actors What does tan say about theatre producers in the last paragraph? A. They appreciate the work of interpreters. They think interpreters are expensive. C They see interpreters as a necessary ev D_ They don't respect interpreters. What isthe writer's purpose in the text? A. To inspire interest in the topic B To advertise interpreted theatre © To show the variety in modern theatre D_ Toctiticise the altitude of theatre directors. Vocabulary Practice Explain the theatre-related words in bold. Text Analysis Look at the following phrases from the text and explain the underlined parts in your own words. with considerable financial rewards (lines 10-11) placed side-by-side within the acting space (lines 61-62) the deaf patron mentally blends the interoreter with the actor. (lines 7-79) Discussion 3. Underline the parts of the article where lan Cox. speaks. What do you think the reporter asked him? What questions would you have asked him? In what other situations are interpreters for the deaf used? Discuss in pais 15 16 D Articles TB Grammar Reference 41 Write the or a where necessary. ‘At noon, « group of workers were siting at the edge of cornfield where they were having lunch Sometimes you can see... sea from my bedroom window, but... atmosphere has to be very clear. He owns house by Thames, which hhe bought three years ago for £300,000. Rumour hast that house is haunted According to some doctors, people living fin oosnom damp climates are twice as likely to develop arthritis ase. people Iving in warmer climates. For sso Very long time... people believed that arth was... Contre Of... Universe Note: Queen Elizabeth BUT the Queen ® vetermines Be 9 ai Grammar Reference Put the determiners in the box under the appropriate heading. Some determiners can be used with more than one class of noun. ‘every #a few *a/an emany each e either ‘less # any *both * fewer « enough *other ‘smmuch neither elite » several a ite all ‘some * another ingular Nouns | Plural Nouns Uncountable Nouns leg. message, call e.g. voices phones | e.g information, levery, many, proof ‘ny, b. Rewrite each sentence using a different determiner without changing the meaning of the original sentence [All messages have to be recorded, very message has to be recorded, Both girs seem unhappy. Not as many students came this time. Quite 2 few people called earlier Hil need some time to check my messages. Each room has a phone, Someone else asked for you after you left S 100/ Enough 3 S wu “Grammar Reference Complete the sentences in two ways using your ‘own words. Use too or enough. 1. can't eat this foods it too salty. /its not warm enough, 2 Ican't carry these suitcases by myself; 3 rlnever be able to buy my own yacht; 4 She won't pass the exam; Partitives / Countable and Se Uncountable Nouns ‘Giarryee Hefaterie: a, Match the partitives on the left with the uncountable nouns you could use them with. ‘Then make sentences. Bit a SS asum of advice a teaspoon of money a cap of rain ajar of sunshine a drop of thunder arayof honey Let me give you apiece of advice: dont lend him the money because he won't return it . Consulting a dictionary, say what the difference between the words in each pair is, then make sentences illustrating the difference. 1 hair hairs ‘work / works 3. damage / damages 4 people / peoples 5. wood / woods 6 content /contents 1 Hair is what covers the top of four hea, ‘har’ ae the separate countable strands growing from the skin. + Thad my haircut yesterday. + found two haisin my soup. Word formation: forming abstract nouns Use the endings below to form nouns from the verbs given. ‘s-ance + -ence *-ion + -ation 1. create creation 6 inspect 2 offend 7 resist 3 fom 8 prefer 4 defend 9. interpret 5 allow 10. inform nce ney, vce nts the (English in Use - Key word 6 transformations Complete the sentences using the word given. Use between two and five words. STRATEGY POINT Read the whole sentence, then look at the key word. Think of the structure tested (e.g. passive, reported, etc). Use the given word to complete the second sentence. Use between two to five words in each gap. 1 | would prefer it if nobody answered my phone for me. want I don't ‘my phone for me. 2. She forgot everything | told her. anything She Hold her 3. | didn't know anyone at the conference. nobody There was at the conference. 4 Mark asked me the price of a fax machine much Mark asked me ‘to buy a fax machine. 5 The operator asked him if he wanted any more information else The operator asked him if he wanted to ask 6 im sure Steve didn’t mean to upset you intention. 1'm sure Steve you 7 Everyone thinks Ann will get a promotion oon. expected Ann 2 promotion soon 8 He has a good relationship with his parents. gets He with his parents, (English in Use Open cloze 7 _ Filleach gap with one word. STRATEGY POINT Read the text quickly once, without paying attention to the gaps. + Read again carefully, tying to fil each gap. The missing words can be: adverbs, auslary verbs, prepositions, pronouns, conjunctions, etc. If you can't find the answer for a gap, move on to the next one and return later. + When you've finished, read the text again to see if your answers are ‘grammatically corect and make sense in the sentence and the text. ‘where you 0) were when the first text message sent in the UK? You can't? Im not surprised, Nor 52) coon anyone ele But i's an unpredictable world, and nothing has | been less predicted 3) . the rise of text messaging It came from wou fastest growing phenomenon Over 2 million text messages are sent 6) hour in the UK. The ‘mobile phone industry claims 7) 95% of them arrive within 10 seconds ‘in normal circumstances’. Texting has opened up an entirely new area). communication that didn't exist before - brief messages for9) . there is « huge demand but which don't need the fuss ofa ‘written letter. eating has become a means 10) . parents to maintain contact with 11) children, for grandparents to bond with grandchildren, for television to interact with the audience, Its a marketing tool of huge potential for companies which, for the first time, can build up profiles of individual users and target them 12) snow Special offers Texting has not been successful simply because it enables you to communicate with others by phone without speaking, but because it is ‘brief and no one expects any of the usual formalities. Its simph ensure its ong life, Teel Writing: L \ 7 REASON FOR WRITING Letters/Emails are written for a variety ‘of reasons, These include ‘ giving information # requesting information » making complaints ‘* making corrections. + making suggestions + asking for permission * giving advice, ete ‘Two or more of these reasons for writing ‘could appear in the same letter/emais (eg, Write a letter thanking someone .. ‘explaining thot you have decided to... and ‘asking fr their advice on.) STYLE ‘The style of writing in your letterfemais can be formal, semiformal or informal ‘depending on the rubric and the target reader You should make sure that you keep the same style throughout your letters Layout All letterslemails should include the following An appropriate greeting (eg. Dear John, Dear Si et), followed by an introduction with your opening remarks (eg. How are you, et) and your reason for writing (eg. | thought 1 would write and tell you about my rolidays ete, © A main body which contains the information requested by the rubric. =A conclusion where you can summarise the main points and/or make reference to future action. You should include your closing remarks (eg. White back soon, etc), followed by ‘an appropriate ending (eg Yours feithfuly John Smith ete) a = 18 “WHAT 00 YOU (AML A LETTER WHEN HAS ROPPED OWN THe UNE? “BLACKIMAIL” D Understanding the Rubric’ 41 Read the rubric below and underline the key information Then ‘answer the questions that follow. © Thisispar of a letter you have received from a pentiené = and | know that | really need bo speak Englioh | better. The problem ie, | haver't got time for extra lessone or regular study sessions. What else can | 0 to improve my English? Please write and tell me what you euggest. i roa Write your email to your penfriend. Do not write any addresses. What do you have to write? Who is the target reader? oes the style need to be formal or informal? \What is your reason for writing? Which of the following could you include in the email? Tick (V7) [L tead books and magazines in English Ei write lettersemails in English Di travel to an English-speaking county [Ei wateh fms in English without subtties [El practise conversation with a friend [have private lessons Bi reaister in a language school 6 Canyou think of other ways to improve your English? 7. For the points you ticked, suggest how you could arrange them into paragraphs. How many main body paragraphs will you need? 8 How could you end your letter? D informal style ‘We usually write informal lettersfemails to friends and relatives we know well, or to people of our own age. Characteristics of informal style include: '* Short forms (eg. tm, youre, its, we'l, ete) * Simpleicolloquial vocabulary (eg. really reat, fun you'd beter etc) ‘© Use of the active, rather than the passive voice (eg. we should do something’ nsteod of something should be done, et) ‘+ Informal beginnings and endings (eg. Hi, how ore you doing?, fa better un, ilsee you on Saturday, et) D Analysing an Informal Email 2. Work in pairs. Read models A and 8 opposite, and say which ‘one is appropriate. Think about whether: the paragraphs are clearly organised the writer follows the instructions in the rubric ‘the style is appropriate for the target reader Dear Tim, MODEL A Hi— how are you? I’m good but Ihave exams this week at school. I write to answer your letter in which you ask for my advie. There are a range of options you could choose from, But before I begin with those, [like to say i's shame you can't take extra lessons. [ had extra lessons when I wanted to improve my French and that it helped a lot, but that was also because of my eacher. She was the best! Anyway, you could listen to the English music more often Of course you shouldn’t spend hours to listen 10 ‘music, That's just a waste of time! Listening to songs in English is a good way to learn new ‘vocabulary, and it's fun too! Furthermore, if I was you I'd read more in English You can also have conversations with a friend in English, and then correct each other's mistakes. Be serious, though. I did it once and we just ended up laughing the whole time! T recommend that you accept these advices on the matter. ‘Your sincerely, Angela NODEL Dear Dan, ‘Thanks for your last email. I think it's great you ‘want to brush up on your English and of course Vm only too glad to help. Here are a few things you can try. First of all, it would be @ good idea to start reading more in English. You probably won't have time to read novels but there are plenty of magazines that also help you improve your English. As you are so fond of nature, why don’t you take out a subscription to National Geographic? You'll be amazed at how fast you pick things up when you actually like the subject. Another suggestion is to watch films on DVD Without the subtitles. That way you force yourself 10 listen to the language very carefully. For film lover like you, that'll be learning while really having fun! The best advice I can give you, though, is to get more English speaking pen-friends and email friends. ‘That method really worked for me when I wanted to improve my Italian. Not only will you learn alot of new phrases, but you'll also practise the language actively yourself. I hope these ideas will help. And remember, practice makes perfect, so don't give up too easily! Write and let me know how you get on. ‘Yours, Pam b. In pairs, answer the following questions about model A. 1) What irelevant information has the writer included inthe rain body? 2 Has the writer used the correct style? Give examples 3 How could the paragraphs have been better organised? ‘4 What do you think the target reader's reaction will be? Why? 5 Correct the grammatical mistakes. ‘c Read model B and answer the questions. 1. What style has the writer used? Give examples. Think about: ‘short forms # colloquial language * phrasal verbs 2. Has the writer organised the points clearly into paragraphs? What isthe topic of each paragraph? 3. Underline the topic sentences. Replace them with other appropriate ones. D Giving advice Sometimes we need to give advice in letters. Depending on how formal the writing is, we can use the following phrases: For giving advice Why not ...? Why don't you ...? You should Itwould be a good idea to /if Have you thought about / considered ...? If were you, | would | think the best thing would be to /if One/Anothersuggestion isto The best advice | can give you isto For showing the result This willwwould mean that Then /That way, . © Ifyou do ths, *# By doing this, ‘The result of this would be e.g. Why norphone Mary and ell her how you feel? That way, atleast you willbe deating withthe problem. a. Look at model B. Which phrases have been used ‘to give advice? 19 Writing: Letters/Emails b. Imagine that you have to write a letter giving b. Look back at model B in Ex.2 and replace the 6 advice to a friend, Match your friend's problems ‘opening and closing remarks with others from (1-4) to your suggestions (A-D). above. ran Fve never got (2) , eben w enough money. D semi-formal style a @ We write semi-formal letersfemals to people that "11m so behind with My cousin isn’t 6 ra CY Te eae eLancne ‘we do not know very well. They are usually more polite than informal letters/emails and are written in a neutral style, It is important, when writing this type of leteerfemal, to make sure that our writing is neither t00 formal nor too informal A invite her out for aC Geta parttime job coffee D Join a gym. B_ Speak to your teachers a. Look at these two extracts from letters of Nowe the pes ome toy toxto 5 ards whet ete noma advice, iy hat the rout would be ‘or semi-formal. Then fill in the gaps with the words/phrases given. ity ncn gym? Tis wou mean that you would lose inpiiisdgam abigsactine + contact me for further detais. really cool * an excellent opportunity * drop me a line 2 propia Tia © hope to $66 Yo D opening/Closing Remarks ell be 1) . ~- if you can make ‘When writing an informal letteremal you can use: think how great it will be to see all thone cade * Opening remarks again! 2)... if pee ince svwowsns if YOU think there's 2 thank you to the person for their last letter/email chance you'll come andl TI! give you all - all the det questions/wishes about recent events, the person's 3 : eee youll think seriously abou itt health, comments about their news, ete an apology forthe delay in writingreplying the eason why you are writing Closing remarks ‘We would all the reason why you must end the letter/email Dre f greetings to the person's family/friends $0 long. Please 5) 19 wishes/a promise (ea to write again soon) planning to attend. We 6) - hh arequestto the person to reply soon! i an invitation to vist, etc “@ very much like (© see you there. It is for us all to meet up again after “ if you are there. 'b. Who do you think each of the letters is ‘addressed to? Choose from the following: 4, Match the sentences (1-8) to the points inthe box above (at). + abank manager a close friend * a former colleague + a person you've never met [ Htlwrite again when I've got more time. (1) Well Id better sign off now because I'm Look through the following and say whether orf supposed to be meeting my fiends at the rnot each one is appropriate for the letter cinema in half an hour. ‘extract B comes from, Give reasons. 3) Wite and tell me how. you got on atthe party [EI hope you're well and truly over your cold by now. 5 [7] I thought rd take a few minutes to write to you with the information you asked for. [Say helo to yoursister for me. Sorry it's taken me so long to get back to you but I've been very busy with exams, 8 [J Thanks a lot for your lovely letter, which arrived last week. Hil Remember me? How are you doing? | don't know if you will remember me but l was We're planning a bit of a get-together and ‘We are in the process of organising a reunion. Al the action’s going to be in the Civic Hall on ‘The reunion will beheld in the Civic Hall on "Music has been organised and invitations have been sent out to We've managed to get Paul Benyon to be the D) for the night and we've invited loads of Vounwna 20 ethe = that nina (pe of either it. Just | Faces res a is. Bur met rer or he D) 6 Match the sentences (1-6) to the types of letter they are taken from (2-0). Which of them are semi:formal ‘and which a informal? Who do you think the target readers are? [IL Wel, anyway, my new mobile is fantastic and | wish ¥d bought it soonet. [2D Ff it’s not too much trouble, ‘would you mind sending me 2 copy of the local bus timetable? [31 It sounds as if you might benefit from getting some more exercise. [EL Thanks a milion for the CD that you sent - it's just perfect [EL It looks"tike 1 might be going to France afterall! [EI | really appreciate all the trouble you went to in order to make my stay more comfortable. Letter giving information Letter of request Letter giving advice Letter of thanks D Useful Language 7a Read the semi-formal sentences below and match them to the formal ones in the table, as in the example. ‘A It would be 2 good idea if you phoned the secretary and asked her. B Please accept my apologies for the damage to your jacket. I'm afraid | won't be able to come ‘on Thursday night. 1D. Would ite allright if stayed at your house next Friday night? Thank you very much for all your help at the reception, F Please let me know if there are any changes to next week's programme. G Iwas dissatisfied with the food HI think you might be mistaken about the price. |] Thanks 3 milion for all your {help at th Use the phrases above to write informal and semi-formal sentences of your own for each type of letter (1-8) Informal Please fll mein about nex Tuesdays meeting ‘Semi-formal: Please let me know about next Tuesdays meeting, D Formal style ‘We usually write formal letters/emails to people we have not met, ‘Characteristics of formal style include: Long forms (eg. tam, you are, its, we wil ete) '* More sophisticated vocabulary (eg. remarkable, very enjoyable, | would ‘advise yout .. ete) Use of the passive, rather than the active voice (eg. ‘Something should be done'instead of we should do something etc) Formal beginnings and endings (eg. Dear Si/Madam, look forward to ‘hearing from you, Yours fothfuly etc) B 2 Read the extracts below and say which is formal, which is semi- | formal and which is informal. Then, for each one, discuss the reason for writing and the target reader. Underline the words and phrases that helped you find the answers. warttoaka fou Can ‘pemain een omtgisbeae 2 {borrow your guitar for a couple of days (if | A ie ote sn renin ot ee aie would be a laugh if we brought oath dae chsh * | te aioe ins btn OF oe fou Tee 21 + weenie | DISCUSS conte that you put into the party and I'm sure that the success of the evening was largely thanks to you. | 9 1 think everybody enjoyed themselves and it was a great ‘opportunity for us all to meet up. So, thank you again for Not only did we have to wait ‘twenty minutes to be seated but B we were also told that the only table available was in the smoking section. As | had specifically booked 2 table in the non-smoking section, found this to be totally . Unacceptable. In addition to this, we were D Paraphrasing b. Rewrite the following extract Using more formal language. You can use the prompts to help you. Compare with a partner. «suggest that # (to) help us 10 * not ony. but (he) a0 «has experience in this type of thing * confident that + wiling in addition to. has offered (to) * join us « finish the work * very quickly Tell you what, why don’t we ask Marco if he'll give us a hand? He's got a car and he's done stuff like this before. I'm sure he'll be only too happy +o help (especially if we offer him some money for petrol!). Apart from Marco, my brother says he'll come along. With four of us, well get the job done in no time, 22 Dear Tony, Read the rubrics below and underline the key information. Then answer the questions that follow. @ Your penfriend has recently written to you saying that he/she is very unhappy with schoo! and home life. You have decided to write a leter of advice, offering your support. Write your letter, raking various suggestions and saying what results you expect if he/she follows your advice. Your best friend, Lee, moved to another town last year and recently wrote to you to ask what you have been doing. Write 3 letter of reply to Lee, saying what you have done lately and what plans you have for the near future Last summer, you stayed with @ British family for a month to help you to improve your English. The family recently wrote to you to ack how you are. In their email, they also asked you whether you think your stay with them helped you with your studies. Write a suitable email in reply. 1 What type of letter/erail do you have to write? Who isthe target reader? ‘What information should you include in your opening paragraph? Does the style need to be formal, informal or semi-formal? ‘What will you include in your main body paragraphs? How will you begin and end your letteremail? 1 2 3 4 5 6 Portfolio: Using the information you have learned in this unit, write ‘one of the tasks above, You should write between 120 and 180 words. Hope you are well. We miss you a lot. Please sign off your computer and come downstairs for lunch. Mur “=| Moods — ... and Feelings Lead-in d you your 4, a Canyou guess how the people in the sketches (1-7) feel? Match them with the groups of adjectives (2-g) below. Can you add any more adjectives to each group? aph? angry, ross, annoyed rs Oy surprised, shocked, amazed happy, glad, pleased, cheerful tired, exhausted, sleepy stressed, worried, thoughtful afraid, fightened, scared sad, miserable, unhappy yr N és) b. Look at the pictures (1-5). How do you think these people feel? Use adjectives from Ex. 1a to make sentences, asin the example. 11 Theman inthis picture looks rather sad and miserable. ‘& How do you feel about the following things? ‘Act out exchanges, asin the frustrating example. relaxing * cooking + travelling to work dull * writing letters » shopping enjoyable * going to the cinema * exercising | boring * driving «tidying up tiring stressful ‘As find cooking realy enjoyable - B: Really? dont. infact ind it quite sesfu 2 Paraphrase the following statements. Do you agree or disagree? Why (not)? ‘A day of sorrow is longer than a month of joy. Where there is love there is happiness, 3 (3) Listen and write how each person feels. Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker 3 b. Think ofa situation and talk about how you felt to your partner, 23 Reading 41 Which of the following is most important to your personal happiness? Rank them in order bf importance, then compare your list to your partner’ ‘health + close family ties * marriage * hobbies * children * possessions © money status ‘friendship * career * self image * other 2. Look at the tite, the fist and the last paragraph of the article and discuss the following: 1. What isthe article about? 2. What do you expect to read? 'b. Skim the text and check if your guesses were correct. 3. What do you think Janet’s steps to happiness will be? Make alist. Read the article and choose from the ist A-H the sentence which best fits each gap (1-7) in the article. There is ‘one extra sentence which you do not need to use. Which words helped you with your answers? Our desire for happiness has helped develop a multi-million pound industry focused on pleasure. Despite this, many of us still seem to be unhappy! Psychologist Janet Wells seems to know exactly why. Here we uncover her secrets of how to actually achieve that missing happiness. 24 In the past, people rarely discussed whether they were happy o not and kept thei fectings to themselves. Today though, magizine antcles giving advice on the pursuit of happiness bombard us from all sides. It would appear that being unhappy is now generally unacceptable, especialy where the younger generation is concemed, These days, it is that particular group that feels quite comfortable talking openly about happiness or a lack of it. They believe that a state of happiness equals success and that ‘without success they are nothing, It seems that people are more wiling 10 try to react dilferentl to life's events. Janet isa fine example of this and. has found that changing her outlook has brought her a certain amount of appiness. [T_] For example, never admiting that she was wrong because that would undoubtedly make her seem weak and vulnerable, or criticising herself endlessly, certain tht she did not deserve success and happiness. She was, at one point, a definite pessimist. [2[] The turning point in her life was when the knowledge she gained through her studies allowed her to face up to the fact that it was possible to actully get rd of doubts and Jearn to be more contented with yourself and your life. This helped her to change many aspects of her life, including her outlook, her relationships and her choices. Change, ofcourse, brings uncertainty and uncertainty an create fear. Most of us tend to stay with what we know rather than choose any form of change. As a result, we continue to be unhappy. If we do decide to change things, however, we then begin a journey that only we can map out, [Z[-] According to Jane's research, people can have similar upbringings yet have very different ideas and responses to the exact same events, 10 x 20 ss will ae Boke ag a € ‘STRATEGY POINT + Read the text. Think of what kind of information might be missing ‘+ Read the missing sentences and identify the main point in each, ‘+ Remember there is one extra sentence you do not need to use. ‘+ Read the sentences before and after each gap. Look for cues such as reference words (he, there, it etc) Cr linking words before and after each gap. * Check that your option fits the gap grammatically, ‘+ Read the whole text and check whether it makes In support of these findings she quotes the ancient Greek philosopher Epictetus who said, "itis not things in themselves that trouble us, but our opinion of those things” [4]_] Iti not always possible to change what happens to US, but we can always change how we translate what happens to us. Janet herself has had to deal with moments of both happiness and unhappiness in her own personal life. She admits to not being able to actually help people to be happy, but stresses that if you can prevent unhappiness then you have a good chance of being « contented individual. [5]_] Although it something we each need to do for ourselves, as long as we realy want to succeed, she believes we willbe able to bring about change, She would, however, like to advise people that ‘happiness is not a goa! but an emotional response 10 things that happen and that it s perfectly natural to feel | sad at times. In order to help happiness develop and grow, we need to feel accepted by those around us and. | feel like valuable members of society. [6]__] Focusing | _on the positive things going on around us isthe key. {In thinking and worrying about what has happened in the past and anxiously planning the future, we can shut ourselves off from any positive feelings for what ies Generally speaking, she recommends living for now, giving yourself litle reward, not because “60 you deserve it, but because itis pleasant, positive thing to do to encourage positive thinking. ‘A. Janet wars that we should not criticise or demand too much of ourselves as this could undermine feeling accepted and valued. B She believed that i you expected lite in life then you would be able to avoid disappointment. So, we create our own translations of things that happen in life and those translations make us decide how we feel about an event and what we need t0 do. about it. D_ Asa result, the aspect of surprise and pleasure can be lost. E_ We can, however, alo learn from other people. F She began to understand that she had made her own. life difficult because she tended to think or act in harmful ways. G Unhappiness is a completely rational response to certain losses. HL She would lke to help people achieve that level of contentment. S vocabulary Practice 3a . Underline all the adjectives which describe feelings. Can you think of a synonym for each ‘one? What are the nouns related to them? Explain the words in bold in the text ‘Adjective: happy-joyful Abstract noun: hapsiness Text Analysis Look at the phrases taken from the text and explain the underlined parts in your own words. S 1... magazine articles {line 4) 2... allowed her to face up to the fact that lines 21-22) 3... we then begin a journey that only we can man ‘ut. ines 30-31) 4 So, we create our own translations of things (Sentence C) bombard us from all sides. (after Discussion 2th BEING In pairs, discuss three of the main points the writer makes. 6 EDI lnpairs, discuss the following questions. + What do you do to cheer yourself up? ‘© Are you an optimist or a pessimist? Give examples. 25 Language Focus Moods and Emotions 4a Look at the list of adjectives below. Which are positive/negative? + depressed « cheerful » generous « stressed * frustrated calm + glad relaxed + joyful ‘aggressive « happy ¢ lonely ¢ worried # angry ‘nervous « sad # excited « furtous « shy # tense + lazy © optimistic «proud «terrible * funny Rewrite the following sentences as many times as you can using the adjectives in the list to replace the words in bold, 1 Jack is in 2 good/bad mood today. 2. Mati feelsis feeling sad/happy today D Physical Sensations 2. Match the feelings to the physical sensations, then make sentences, as in the example. ‘nary butterflies in the stomach frightened heart pounding excited sweaty palms hungry. rush of adrenaline stressed stomach rumbling nervous red face | was so angry my face was re, . What feeling does someone in your country express when they: « clench their fist + frown ‘+ drum their fingers * lick their lps ‘raise their eyebrows + wrinkle thelr nose? Inmycounty people clench ther fist to show they areangry. © Expressing feelings a. Cross out the words in the box which don't go with the verb ‘fee!’ ‘ear # oe #asonshed «stared # sick iba ve FEEL ‘© angry © offended ® frustrated * hungry oe obsiedee 26 b. When do you usually feel ike that? Discuss. ‘A: aay fee stressed when Ihave to take an exam, What about you? B: fel stressed when goto the dentists. 4. (Listen to five people talking about different situations. Match each speaker to the way they feel. A. They're dreading a visit from their sale speaker B They're looking forward to their Speaker 2 [7] friend coming. Speaker 3 [1] They ind student fe fascinating. Spentera (] 1h They is al eh a E They ike having friends over for dinner. b. In pairs, use verbs/phrases from the statements above to talk about the times you experience similar feelings. ‘A: When do you read something? B Onschooldays dread woking up inthe morning, © Extreme adjectives 5 _Inpairs, use the adjectives from the list to act out short exchanges. * furious # overjoyed + exhausted + delighted * appalling « fithy + heartbroken « fantastic * huge # delicious + terified ‘A: Youmustbe tied, 8 Tied!!m exhausted! 1 You must be pleased. 2. You must have been scared, 3 You look angry 4 The food was bad. 5 She seems happy with her exam results. 6 Sarah seemed upset. 6 _ Underline the correct form of the adjective. 1. The music in that restaurant was quite relaxed relaxing 2 | was very pleasedipleasing that you decided to join us 3. The children were very depressed/depressing when the field trip was cancelled. 4 find horror fins quite terrified/territying “aan Se) 2 What 1a 20 20 sO ents, Wee out axed ed to ssing 5 How surprising/surprised he's not home yet! 6 They were very excited/exciting when their team ‘won the football match. 9 ) Idioms and fixed phrases 7 What character qualities are these animals associated with? Look at the pictures and ‘complete the idioms. g=h9. asbrave as a(n) on 2. as wise as a(n) 3. as stubbomn as a(n) 4 ascunning as an) 5 asquiet as a(n) 6 assick asain) 7 as proud as a(n) 8 assiow as a(n) b. Now match the adjectives from above with their opposites below. ‘flexible + straightforward + modest ‘foolish * quick * cowardly * noisy « healthy ¢ How would you describe the people below Using the idioms from Ex. 7a? Tae long ome odo something 10 iimeligert nd wall ifonned has no fear and is ready to face danger does things behind people's backs is very arcogant © Words often confused Underline the correct item. 1 Since ve moved out, | do miss/lose my parents. 2 He could feel his anger growing/heating, 3. [It feels strangerstrangely to be here. 4. [felt asflike a child again 5 He finds it difficult to expresstell his feelings 6 She's tying to hide her true/authentic feelings 7 She always wants to please/enjoy other people. 8 I'm sorry ve injured/hurt your feelings. SD Phrasal Verbs Appendix 2 2. Fllin upor down to complete the sentences. ‘Then, explain the phrasal verbs in bold. 1. She's been quite depressed recently. This holiday wil relly cheer her 2 Calm | Things aren't as bad as they seem! 3. Things are easing abit at work, | won't have to work so late from now on. 4 | don't ike watching sad flms. They always get me 5 You have been so stressed lately; you must relax and loosen abit or you will get il 6 Bob really let me | was counting on him to complete the project on time. 7 Open abit and tell me how you fee! 8 It’s been such a tiring day, let's go to the cinema ‘and wind b. Use phrasal verbs from above to decide what you would say to someone who: 1. you are relying on 2 looks depressed 3. won't tell you what is wrong 4 seems to be ovenworking Prepositions Appendix 1 Fill in: for at, of n, about, to, by with. Then make sentences. afraid... sth; 2 aMUSEM vere St; Banyan 8b} 4 annoyed sb sth; 5 anxious sth; 6 ashamed sb; 7 bored stivsb: 8 brilliant sth; 9 close by 10 delighted... sth; 11 disappointed. exited sth; 13 faithful sb; 14 friendly sb; 15 frightened sth; 16 FUFIOUS re SD on Sth AD GIaKeFU noe SD sth; 18 jealous .... $b) 19 nervous sth; 20 pleased .......sb; 21 POUT wove Sth; 22 FUde on $0; 2B Sense nen Sth 24 Upset nn Sth 2 Listening & Speaking (Listening 1 28 a. You will hear five therapists talking about their work. Look at the descriptions of therapies (AF), underline the key words and say what each one right involve. In pairs, make a list of words related to each one. EXAM STRATEGY Read the instructions carefully and underline the part that shows what the speakers have in common. Read thelist to F and underline the key words you have to listen for. Listen for clues in the form of related concepts and pparaphrases to match each speaker,to the prompts. Do not finalise your answers until you have listened to the whole extract. Remember that wiiat you are listening to may contain distracting information. When you listen for the second time, check your answers carefully, Remember, thee is an extra ‘option you do not need to use (B) Listen and match the descriptions of different kinds of therapy (A-F) to the speakers (1-5). There is one extra therapy which you do not need to use dealing with your problems while listening to music relaxing and thinking about your emotions ‘explaining your problems to your family ‘working out your problems through fims discussing problems in groups expressing feelings through drawings mmone> Speaker? (J speaker2 C] speakers C] Speaker C] Speakers C] . Were your initial guesses correct? Which of the words you came up with did you actually hear (on the recording? a. You will hear a radio interview about cats’ body language. Before you listen answer the following questions. 1. What is ‘body language’? Do you think people can guess what cats are thinking and feeling? Why (not)? in what ways? Listen to the radi¢ interview and for questions (1-7) choose the best answer A, 8, or C. EXAM STRATEGY Go through the questions and possible answers carefully. Ty to predict what you are going to hear. Don't finalise your answers until you have listened to the recording twice. Remember you are listening for deta and a specific purpose. ‘Always check your answers carefully. 1. Roger believes that his work is A rather boring, B natural © quite exciting. 2. Roger says that A. he understands exactly what cats are thinking, B. cats’ body language can tell us how they fel. C _heis always surprised by the way cats behave. 3. Acat shows how it feels by moving its A. head. B tail © paws. 4. Ifa cat's tallis fluffed up and pointing down, the cat is A. protecting tse. B very angry. happy 5 When two cats are about to fight, the most aggressive one A. will have its ears pointing forwards. B will sound frightened, © won't make a sound 6 Cats can understand if you are friendly to them by the way you A talk to them, B touch them, © look at them, 7 Which of the following best describes the interviewers attitude? A. She doesn't ike cats. B She doesn't believe what Roger is saying, She's surprised. c. In-what ways do we use body language to express our feelings? Think of as many examples as you can and discuss in pairs. PRL EL 5 ans ito for ing. eel ‘most em the iples peaking D Stressful situations Gad ARB 3 Hereare some photographs of common situations. Talk to each other. How stressful is each situation? Which three situations are the most stressful? | b. In pairs, answer the following questions. 1. What other actwvities/experiences in your life do you find stressful? Why? 2. What do you usually do to relax? 4. (,) Usten to two candidates doing the speaking tasks above and assess their performance in terms of, ‘= grammar and vocabulary * pronunciation «interactive communication ‘how far they've answered the questions 2 Communication * Asking about and Expressing Feelings 5 a Read the dialogue. Underline the phrases used to ask/express how somebody feels. ‘A: Are you alright? You seem upset. B: Well, to be honest, Ive been in a bad mood all day And now, Ive just found out I failed my driving test, so 'm really depressed b. Use the phrases in the box to act out similar dialogues for the following situations. * Your friend has had his car stolen Your friend has lost her purse. ‘Asking about feelings [Expressing feelings * How are you? © Well its beena... day © Are you (feeling) alright” |» Actually, ../The thing is ‘angrylupsetipleased/ —|* To be honest | feelt've OK..? been in a good/bad/ete * Is everything alright? mood all day * What's wrongithe matter| I'm sadlangry/glad with you? about 2 5 Everyday English * Exclamations 6 a Which adjective best describes how each person feels? * confused + grateful « disgusted + relieved * impressed annoyed (Cttesimpressed.~) b. Now, match the exclamation (1-6) with the sentences (a+), as in the example. [a Be quiet! [BL That's disgusting! CLT] That's amazing! [a] | don’t know. [a] Thank you! [LJ what a relief! © Inpaits, act out short exchanges using the exclamations in Ex. 6 A: Theresa big spider on the ceiling, 8: Yuk! That dsgustng, 29 Reading: Literature (Reading 4. a You are going to read an extract from ‘Sense and Sensiilty by Jane Austen. From the title of the novel, what do you think you are going to read about? bb, Read the short text about the author and the novel. In pairs, write down three ‘questions you have about the text. Skim the ‘text to see if your questions were answered. Jane Austen (177541817), a famous English writer, wrote about the | ordinary world of men and women as it was inthe carly 19th century place where love and romance were hindcred by economics and human ienperfection er heroines had Alistinct personalities and her characters were never completely 00x or completely evil but more complicated mixtures. Some of her mos famous ser are Pr nd Pri 8, See and sity 1811), Na Sen nsfield Parb (1814) and Enna Tn this extract from Sonse and Sensbiti, Dashwood has recently died and lef all his money to his son from his first marriage, John, His second wife, Mes Dashwood, and her three daughters are let without a permaneat home and very litle money, Mr John Dashwood is weak and his wife is selfish and they have litle concern for the familys welt. Mr Henry, 2. @ Seven sentences have been removed from the text. Choose from the sentences (A-H) the one Which fits each gap. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. b. How have the underlined words/phrases helped you decide? © vocabulary Practice ‘a. Match the words in columns A and B to form collocations. Then make sentences using them, A 8 hasty behaviour strong humoured thoughtless emotions good control self decisions 30 cme Ty oe. sooner was the funeral over, than Mrs John Dashwood, without sending any notice to her motherin-law, arrived with her child and her servants, No one could dispute her right to +5 come, After all, the house was her husband’s from the moment of his father's death. This thoughtless behaviour would have been highly | = npleasing to any woman with ordinary feelings in Mrs Dashwood’s situation, [T[_] Mrs John 10 Dashwood had never been a favourite with any of her husbane’s family; but never before had inconsiderate and selfish she could act when the situation required it. ‘ | 1s. Mrs Dashwood was so deeply hurt by this | impolite behaviour, and she hated her she had the opportunity of showing them how | = wre daughter-in-law so much for it, that, on her | arrival, she wanted to leave the house forever. [ZL] Also, her love for her three children 20 helped her change her mind and for their sakes she avoided a disagreement with their brother. | Elinor, the eldest daughter, possessed a great strength of understanding and coolness of ‘A But she had already shown that she was as romantic 2s Marianne, without having her sense B However, her eldest gti made her think about how inappropriate that would seem. © But in Mrs Dashwood!s mind, with her strong sense ‘of honour and her generous nature, the offence’ made her fel absolutely disgusted 4 D ino. too. was suffering; but stil she could strugle, she could make an effort. E These qualities enabled her to give advice to her mother even though she wes only nineteen F The two women encouraged each other to continually express how they fl. G Einar had an excellent heart; her nature was affectionate and her feelings were strong; but she new how to contol th HH AtcJohn Dashwood did not have the strong feelings of the rest of the family. Can cist? gand been nto D> Requesting Information ~ Indirect Questions 3) 4 Read the advertisements and the notes. Then use ment se Enjoy the this of mountain SO 4 ming, costing ond ‘canoeing nthe Lake Dstict. mal groupsied by experienced Irstuctos. ‘Accommodation provided in local youth hosts. SY 1 or2 week naldays avaiable. ‘cost? ‘Adventure Holidays UK Li. 12, Bowness Road, Windermere See ee maal Useful language: Indirect questions + Could you tele ../) Could you let me know + 2m interested in finding out * I would appreciate it if you could let me know. + | would ike ta know *+ | would be grateful if you could tell me. Could you elle whether accommodation is qvailable nearby? ». In pairs rephrase the indirect questions. Could you tlle theres a hostel close to Stanley Park? D Apologising 4, a Read the extract below and answer the questions. ‘We're really sory forthe trouble we have put you to. It was completely our fault. We confused the dates. It ‘was a sily mistake, so please don't be cross. | promise ‘we will do our best to make it up to you. Have a free dinner — we're paying uw ‘What type of leter i the extract taken from? What isthe purpose of this letter? What part of the letter i it? Hoe does the writer propose o resolve the situation? nuns Rewrite the text in formal style, using the notes below. + takerful esponsibility ‘+ Please/acceptsincere apologjesinconvenience caused + hope/foraiverearettable exror ‘+ assureldo our utmosticompensate * Please/accepticomplimentary meal voucherlused at your convenience + confusion/caused/isunderstanding/between departments Understanding the Rubric 2 Read the rubric, underline the key words/phrases and answer the questions. W_Youand a group of your friends rented the holiday (@ apartment in the advertisement below for a week. © However, there were a numberof problems and you left after just three days, You have decided to write an email of complaint to the agency you rented the ‘apartment from. Read the advertisement and the rotes you have made. Then write your email to the agency, saying why you are dissatisfied and teling them what action you want taken, Beautiful Beach-Front it was Apartment To Rent ore ue wot metres! N+ spacious apanment 80 moves {rom sandy beach Dangerous - hat ot broken tyre becrooms, Weltequipped |p 2 kitchen, essential | Stems a Large balcony with great vi missing. want View money of car boack parkit (Contact us: apart@yahoo.com ) ‘Who is going to read the email? ‘What type of email are you going to wite? ‘What openingtclosing remarks could you write? ‘What tone are you going to use? Why? une 35 Writing: Tra ional Let Analysins i ir 7 Réad model A again and find D Analysing a Letter/Email of Complaint eer eae Dis 6 Read the two models and choose the one whichis appropriate. Have all the points in the rubric been covered? How has the information been rephrased? excessively strong language + aggressive tone © overly informaY/coloquiall 10 idiomatic language + irrelevant information Dear Sir, ‘© phrases taken word for word from ‘the prompts points not covered in the rubric I want to tell you how angry and disgusted Tam with the holiday apariment I rented from you on 15th August. I think you've got a real cheek advertising it as ‘beautiful’ sessiae it was the ugliest apartment I’ve ever seen in my Soros i a Partner i For a start, you lied when you said it was spacious. There wasn’t room to swing a éat inside. The rooms were 8 > Beplace the piers n boll In podel also very dirty. I spent the first day of my holiday cleaning B with ones from below to change them. the tone ofthe letter from mild to ‘Next, you said the hitchen was well-equipped. Not at all! strong, = Lots of essential items were missing. Afier three days, I'd had enough and went home. + Lam extremely upset I'm sure you can tell I am really angry. You have ruined «insist that this matter be dealt my summer by spoiling my holiday. I demand you give me ih are some of my money back and you should say sorry, too. If ee you don’t you'll be in big trouble. Hurry up and reply to + to express my extreme this letter. dissatisfaction with + extremely hazardous Yours sincerely, * refused to remain Helen nt + Idemand elon tnt + forme areane ad dzone f I suffered + totally inaccurate Cees Q Read the following sentences and zai identify the tone used in each one. Then, rewtite the sentences, using a Tam wing to cmplein shoo he balay spare Teta Aitferent tone i from you on ISth August. T believe your advertisement was jalaiespuig a suber of wal 1 demand 2 fl refund at once, or Firstly, the apartment was by no means spacious. The rooms shall be forced to take the matter were cramped and there was very litle storage space. Also, the further i distance from the beach was in fact ten times farther than you 2-1 am writing in connection with 3 claimed. faulty appliance which | recenth| Furthermore, the balcony railing was broken, This was quite purchased from your store. dangerous and could have caused an accident. In addition, it 3° | am witing to eres rey tot overlooked an unattractive ear park in contrast to the ‘great view’ disatisaction with the appalingls = ‘you advertised. Finally, the kitchen was poorly equipped and a lot serie received hafn vu stat of essential items were missing, such as plates and saucepan. a aiaieae sectodeeend ay Consequently, I felt I could not stay any longer and returned home after three days. ‘As you can imagine, I am quite disappointed. 1 feel 1 am entitled to a partial refund in addition to an apology for the regarding your inefficient staff 5 | would appreciate it if you could look into this matter as soon as inconvenience caused. I look forward to receiving a prompt reply. possible j 6 I would like to complain about the) ‘Yours faithfully, poor quality of service | recent Sandia Folkestone received from your company. Sandra Folkestone ealt omfort ind one. ing a vee, or! matter with a ‘ecently vy total >paling staff. mmplaint aff 4 could out the ‘cently v. DiscUSS «gp, 410. ead the rubrics and underline the key words, Then answer the questions that follow for each one. ‘You work for a mail order company and have received an email from a customer who is unhappy about the delay in the delivery of a camera he ordered. Read the extract from his email and the notes you made, and write an email of apology. Give an explanation and details of what you will do to rectify the situation. | damaged on arrival - SI must insist that you supply my goods as soon as We had to wait for the possible. would also lke a satisfactory explanation as ee to why there has been such a long delay as well as. an €=———— “PPI very sorry - good ___» apology forthe inconvenience caused. offer free carry case ats fis ‘a5 customer, ‘compensation bee sent Express very tomorrow ‘You afé arranging an anniversary party for your parents. You have seen the advertisernent below for The Claremont Hotel, which seems suitable, but you need some more information. Use the notes you have made to write to the manager, giving the details ofthe event and asking for futher information 2h price list? bs 220 rooms 10sites Exelon conference facies and 3 function rooms stable ‘disco? Panis Se i You want to improve your English and have seen the following advertisement on your school notice board. Read the advertisement and the notes you made, and write an eral ging the detals requested and asking for more information BS Private English Lessons Experienced English teacher offers lessons for Jearners of all ages and levels. Reasonable rates. Please contact Mr Thompson and provide details of: ‘* your age and level of English * your reason for learning ® language courses/exams taken so far ‘JThompson@yahoo.com ° You ordered git fora frend from a mail order company When it arved it was late and you were not happy with it Read the advertisement and the notes you mede. Then, write letter tothe company, explaining why you are not happy withthe gift and asking for your money back The Perfect Gift from Moments . ‘Are you looking for an ideal gift for a friend or loved one? cracked Wry net choose one of our beartiful chia figures to gue to | someone special. Each figure comes on # wooden stand with wrong 8 gold plaque where we will engrave your choven message. €=—" message , Only £19.29. took 3 weeks - Delivered within 10 days. <———-_ too late ve Money back quarantce. Order todayl EV, 38 your advice and the information your pen ftiend asked for. lve decided that I'd lke to learn to play tennis. know you've been playing for years so I wondered what advice you could give me ~ I really have no idea! Notes | join a club ‘+ find a friend to give you some lessons = borrow a book from the library buy a racquet & some balls (don’t spend too much — about £50:£75 — you might not like it), ‘© trainers and a tracksuit are OK — you don’t need special clothes F —® You are going on a gyclng holiday next weekend with two fiends, Jane and Anne. Below is part of a letter Jane sent yd ‘with her suggestions for the trp. You have found some information about the area, including a map and an advert for the Queens Hotel. Read Jane's letter and the notes you made and, using the map and the advertisement, vite a let ‘answering her questions and making your suggestions about where to stay, Waa ee far the north Takes on Saturday. Ame thinks ‘that the route might be too og, Tougn ——' agree ‘An ealer oftion io to cycle round Lake Windermere, bit | don't irow what there fa to ee there ard | dort Queens Hotel is cheap knottvhere we would stay. What do you thin? Would It be Yeo tet better If we Just went her places round Lake to visit Windermere? ae _ Potter Museum 1. What type of lettevemail do you have to write? What information wil you include in each paragraph? 2 Who is going to read the lettevemail? 8 What useful phrases could you use? 3. What style of writing should you use? 9 How could you paraphrase the information given in 4 How will you address/sign the letter/email? the rubric? 5. What opening remarks could you use? 10 How will you end the letter/email? 6 How many main body paragraphs will you write? 11 Portfolio: Using the information you have learned in this unit, choose one of the writing tasks above and complete it. You should write between 120-180 words. y giving cabulary & Grammar in the missing word. e with a strong accent; it's not easy to understand him. a secet, so don't aword We are going on a ruse down Seine Let me give you a of advice. Don't talk to him. He isn't in @ good today to lve in a flat, but now lve ina big house | can't reach the top shel, its high, What's John’s numiser? | need to get in with him urgently |tried to get him to ‘up and share his, fdlings with me, but he wasn't ready to tak aboutit Up or we'll be late, Jane bumped an old schoo! fiend in town yesterday. 'm sorry, Mr Smith isn't in at the moment. Can you back later? IIhaven't seen Steve since he moved to Madrid. | really hin If the line is busy, you should hang and try again later Irealy can't... the difference between the twins. fm sory | didn’t mean to your feelings. Mobile phones must be switched on aeroplanes, Sarah speaks three languages, but her language is English "haven't heard kim for about a month Im grateful you for your helo. (10 marks) Circle the correct iter, 1. She leaned over and ‘uietly in his ear, ‘A dapped B wept C whispered D yawned | always hands with someone when I meet them for the first time. Avwave B shake Cave Dap Tom is@s proud asa Apparot B lion — C peacock D fox He was $0 angry his anno. WAS ed Ahead 8 pam — Cface heart Self-Assessment Module 0) Sarah has been bit depressed lately so we have bought her some flowers to her up. Acalm B cheer Cloosen ease She finds it dificult to her feelings. Asay B express C tell D give Peter is very annoyed Paul so he isn't speaking to him, Afor Bto cof with | don't feel well. | think | will make an appointment the doctor today, At Bto with —D for lve been trying to get to the bank al morning, Aat — Bwith —C through Don I'm absolutely right. A furious B exhausted C delighted D horrified (1omarks) 1 1 couldn't sleep at all ast English in Use Complete the second sentence using the word in bold. Use two to five words including the word given, Do not change the word given 1. Claire couldn't eat the soup as t was very hot. too Thesoup Claire to eat. asked her if she needed any more information, else asked her she needed to know. Duncan does not usually lose his temper. like Its tolose his tempee ‘When | got up on stage | forgot everything | was going tosay ‘anything When! got up on stage was going to say. ‘Sam would rather not gota the cinema tonight. feel ‘Sam tothe nema tonight, (10 marks) io oot 1 fillin the correct word derived from the word in bold. 1. Before the INVENT lephone, communicating over istances was slow and difficult 2 DEFEND was sentenced to five years imprisonment 3 She couldn't believe that the strange in the mitror was hers. REFLECT 4 is more than @ feeling, HAPPY itis state of mind, 5 Children’s safety is of the utmost Import (5 marks) Communication 5 Choose the comect response. 1. Why don’t we go to the cinema? A. Thank you. B OK 2 Have you thought about using a dictionary? A That'sa good idea. B It could be. 3 Say hello to your parents for me, A Me, too. B_ Thanks, Iwill 4. Cantal you later? A. No, thanks. B sure. 5 Are you alright? A. Not realy. B_ I'mhappy. (Smarks) 6 Complete the dialogue. Ais) 2 You seem fed up 8: Wel, 2) hectic day and now I've got to work late. A: That's a pity. But 'm staying late, too, How 3) {going out together afterwards? B 14) I fee tied already A: Goon. It'll cheer you up, B: OK.5) 2 Where are we going? (5 marks) Reading 7 You are going to read an article about a famous mathematician. Seven sentences have been removed. Choose from the sentences (A-H) the one wihich fits each gap. There is one sentence you do not need to use. PYTHAGORAS Pythagoras is often described as a very important mathematician, yet we know little about his achievements. Many Greek mathematicians wrote books about their work, but we have nothing written by Pythagoras. What we do know is that he was the leader of a society that was half scientific and half religious. It was a secret society and today Pythagoras is still a mysterious figure. We are not sure if the information we have about him is fact or legend. We believe that Pythagoras was born on the Greek island of Samos, His father was a merchant, and as a child, Pythagoras travelled with him selling their goods. We also know that Pythagoras was well educated. He learned music and poetry and had three philosophers to teach him. [T]_] Itis also said that it was Thales who advised Pythagoras to travel to Egypt to learn more about mathematics and astronomy. So, in 535 BC Pythagoras travelled to Egypt, where he visited many temples and took part in discussions with priests. [2[ ] For Example, the Egyptian priests refused to eat beans or wear animal skins, as did Pythagoras for the rest of his life. In 525 BC the King of Persia invaded Egypt. Pythagoras was taken prisoner and was transported to Babylon. It was here, taught by the Babylonians, that he reached perfection in arithmetic and music. tant his rote ten the half oras the “eek heir well had said alto and yet, in the mal ypt ted 1] However, what we do know is that in S20BC left Babylon and returned to Samos, his sthplace. In Samos he founded a school which was called ¢ Semi-circle’. It seems that the people of Samos not appreciate the teaching methods of hhagoras and they treated him rudely and iproperly. [4] _] For these reasons he decided to © to Italy. Pythagoras knew that all the philosophers before sy had ended their days in a foreign country. (5[_} ¢ members were called ‘mathematiko’, they had = personal possessions and were vegetarians. This ‘ety contributed a great deal to the understanding mathematics. Pythagoras believed that numbers rule the verse and that numbers are present in all things. also connected mathematics to music_and ecognised the healing power of music. [6[ ] nother of his beliefs was that there are three types ‘men; those who love wisdom, those who love onour and those who love gain. Pythagoras is believed to have died in the ancient wn of Metapontum at around the age of ninety cars old. [7] Today we remember him best for his mous geometry theorem, known asthe Pythagorean theorem. (14 marks) ‘ried to involve Pythagoras in local politics against his wil B He left behind an extraordinary legacy as a mathematician, an astronomer and a philosopher C_ However he developed his interest in mathematics D_ Many of the customs he learnt about there he later came to adopt. E So it was in italy he founded a religious and philosophical society. F _Wedo not know when Pythagoras was set free. G He used it as a kind of therapy to help those who were il H_ Two of them, Thales an Anaximander, introduced him to mathematic. 8 Bol ret uaraa ULee (0) Listening ) You will hear people taking in eight different Situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer (A.Bord). 1. You hear a man talking to some people. What is. the purpose of his talk? A. to show people how to work faster B_ towelcome new employees © toconvince people to join his company 2. You hear two people talking in an office. What happened to the man? A He was on holiday. B_ He has been working from hore. CC He had an accident 3 You are listening to a weather report on the radio. What will the weather be like tomorrow? A. rainy all over the country B_ dly but very cold inthe south mostly sunny with occasional rain 4 You hear a man talking on the radio. How does he feel? A puzded B any C sad 5 You hear a man and a woman talking, Where are they? A ina library B ina bookshop € ina computer shoo 6 You are at a lecture. When ist taking place? ‘A. during the fourth week of the course B during the first week of the course Cduring‘te last week of the course 7 You hear this announcement on the radio. What is happening on the M6? A No traffic is allowed on it B. Traffic s heavily congested © There have been several accidents, 8 You hear this conversation between a man and a ‘woman. Why has the man gone to see the A. to ask for advice about his career B_ to tell her about his wife's problem to get help with a health problem (16 marks) Self-Assessment Module Speaking Writing Answer the following questions. Sou ae charge Gt atanoig the entertainment for this year's graduation party at your college. You have written to a well-known singer who used to attend your college, inviting vow ng have you been such Engi? How yu tk you wl se your Engh inthe tre? 0 you speak ay ote ng.ages? her perform tthe pry. she has aged and Leokotthefoowing wo situations, Before you listen, underline the key Ithas some advantages ‘words in the questions and possible answers. ‘What information do they give you? How much 3 fan you guéss abaut the situstion? 2. @ Youwill isten to a radio programme in which a Human Resources expert talks about the perfect job interview. Before you listen, go through the task and think about what kind of information is missing, In pars, try to rephrase the information outside each box (1-10). ) For questions 1-8, listen and choose the best ‘answer (A, B or C). Compare your answers with your partner's. What key words/phrases helped you decide? 1. You overhear 2 conversation in your place of work. Which of the following is true? A The woman isthe owner of the company. B_ The woman és the man’s secretary (B) Now listen and, for questions 1-10, complete ‘the sentences with one to three words. C_Themanis the woman's closest colleague. Today's [7 is extremely 2. You are listening to a news report. According to competitive the news report, British employees If possible, visit the [2 Alike their jobs to have variety Lae Caen Bare reluctant to have children. Finding out about the company will boost your © don't lke fixed schedules. B 3. You hear an advertisement on the radio. The advertisement’s purpose is to Useyour [2 to prepare ‘A. get more young people to learn music your questions and answers. B_ attract musicians to a type of holiday, Cheeni GA recruit various young musicians. ae ‘things you went to ask. Being late for an interview gives a ie 4. You are listening to a live radio broadcast. What is the occasion? A. twill be New Year in a few minutes. B Chelsea FC have won a match. © London has a new mayor Remember that [7 may be delayed 5. You hear a woman talking on her mobile phone. = How does she feel? On entering the building, be [& A confused and upset tocveryoody 8. stresod and angry Candidates usualy [5 at © dsappointed and sad the end of the interview 6 You are listening to a speech. Where is it being | on't ask the inteviewer questions about his her sien? fo A. atamecting B ataceremony SS © atacompany pany 7 You are present at a job interview. What is the c. In pairs, think of other tips for a perfect job sits level of education? interview. A High school oraduate s B Degree holder C.Post graduate degree holder 50 What sme? peaking D creativity at Work 3 vicha verfect ih the ation ote pare | the 4 > Memorable Moments Stu 2. Look at the two photographs showing people at work. Compare the two photographs, and say what satisfaction people get from jobs like these. ‘What satisfaction do people get from jobs lke these? aD b. Ifyou could do either job, which would you choose? Why? Siu Look at the two photographs showing different ‘memorable moments. Compare the two photographs, and say which person is likely to temember the moment for the longest time Which person is likely to remember the moment for the longest time? \, ) Listen to two candidates doing the speaking ‘asks above and compare their performance to that of your classmates. [Assess your classmates in terms of: + grammar and vocabulary ¢ discourse management * pronunciation interactive communication =) Communication * Demanding Explanati fons 5 _a. Read the dialogue and underline the phrases used to demand an explanation. How are the people related? What. A: I don't really under in late, B: Well... you see ‘seems to be the problem? stand why you always come the bus is never on time A: Do you really expect me to believe that? B: Well, to be honest, | just can't get up in the morning, bb, Use the phrases in the box to act out similar dialogues for the following situations. Demanding Explanations ‘Can you tell mefexplain why + Idon’t really understand wy © Whyisit that 2 Giving Explanations 2| © well... you see + Tobe honest + your colleague i alvays using your computes * your assistant hasnt fi * your cleague’s motile rished a report on time Phone keeps ringing all the time + Asking for & Giving Advice G Use the useful language in advice on the following st the box to ask for and give tuations, as in the example. Asking for Advice Giving Advice + What do you think| |». If were youfin your shoes, should do if I'diwrouldn't * Fmhaving a problem | © You'd better deciding what to ‘= You shouldishouldn't © What should I...? * I don't think you should * really don't know what | * Whatever you do, don’t todo about ‘¢ Here's what Id do. 1d # Anyideasisuggestions | « whavhow | could | suggest you 7 *youwant to buy car but you don’t get paid well * you have to start work naven't saved enough money enough very early in the morning Av L want to buy 0 new car, but | haven't saved enough ‘money. What should do? 2B: tflwereyou, Id get loan Everyday English + Money Matters Congratulations! Sony, 'm broke, Sor In pairs guess and say what the other speaker says. A: Igotapayriset 8: Congratulations! y. we don't accept credit cards. Have you nothing smaller? 51 Reading: Culture Clip Reading ‘a. Which of the jobs in the list can you see in the pictures? What do you think these t Ss people do fora living? Discuss. * butler » jeweller « shepherd « beefeater ‘smikman * chimney sweep * security guard « steeplejack » town crer + stockbroker We talked to some people who are still managing to make a living doing traditional jobs in today’s hi-tech Britain A SHAUN HARRISON - BUTLER ‘Modern butlers combine the roles of cook, cleaner, waiter, Je ‘gardener, diver and housshold manager and they have | ae to be polte, respectful, and wellorganised. 'We do) <= everything from paying the bill to picking up the children, | 5 organising parties and getting the washing machine | repaired," says Shaun Harrison, 2, who works fora family fe se = in the Oxiordshire countryside. ‘During the week I'm in jeans and a shit, busy looking after the household and | > the gardens. At weekends, when the family aves, | put | Sa = 40. ona suit and take on the role of a traditional butler. | get | se four weeks holiday a year and | have to take it when | suits my employer." B MARK THOMPSON - STEEPLEJACK Mark Tompson i sel-employed aid cars outa range of bung, epac and maintenance obs othe ouside of 15 tall stuctures such as church spies, monuments, J think the man inthe fist picture isa Beefeater Yes, I saw one when I was in London, They guard the Tower ofLondon and give people information about the history ofthe place. ee . How do you think the pictures are related to the text? In pairs, choose a job and think about: * working hours * holiday * clothing as « responsiblities at work. ‘Which person/people .. (A-F) = Skim the text and see if your guesses were + dresses more formally at weekends? 1 3 correct. + wear special clothes in their obs? Bie + works at night? 4 2. a Read question 1. Quickly read text A and find ‘+ needed to undergo formal training? 5 the relevant part. How has the question been «particulary lke the sociable part of paraphrased? their jobs? ey. EF + has been doing his job since he was @ b. Read questions (1-15) and underline the key chia? a words in each question. How can you rephrase» rarely has contact with people? 8 these key words? ‘+ travel because of ther job? 10... 14 * ve and work inthe same place? Tene 13 © Now, read the text and answer questions 1-15. say youhave tobe fi todo theirjobs? 14 13 52 ‘edustrial chimneys and high rise buildings. it takes from 2-6 years to train 2s a professional steeplejack and Mark has been window. etc Complete the sentences using the word given. Use between two and five words. Do not change the word in bola. 1 "Do not be late, Bob!” Lyn said not yn late him, ak sport aten itled ing close to eto the n. Use the late o 2. "wish you had asked me if you ‘could use my computer," Mark said 10 Allen without Mark criticised Allen for having hi, 3 I don't think we need to listen to your side of the story. point There's your side of the story. 4 "Do you know what the time is, im?" Ann asked. what Ann asked Tim it was, 5 She didn't get many people to sign up for the job, succeed She many people to.sign up for the job, 6 At the end of his speech, Mr ‘Smith showed some sides. finished Me Smith some slides. 7 ‘Why didn’t | try this bread before?" wondered Betty. tried Betty wondered that bread before. 8 “You stole my idea for the project, iz," said Sarah, accused Sarah idea for the project. 9 “Shall | help you file these documents?” Lyn said to me. offered lyn the documents, 10 The manager said he was sorry he had to cance the meeting. apologised The manager the meeting Word formation: Forming negative adjectives Make negative adjectives using the prefixes: csi iri fs ne. Von Satisfied; 2... Convenient; Benne BRFSONAL 4 nn QA Sn. agreeable; 6... direct Tons MERWE; Bons POM; Bue HONEST 10 ntfs Woe fegulan; 12... felevant; $B SUE, Moon ADE (English in Use - Open cloze 410 Read the text and fill nthe word which fits best. Use only one word. There is one example (0) he idea of Being your (0) oun boss very attacive, NO Mote WOrnng Tor “ ‘ebe; no more orders; no prospect of being sacked or made redundant, and time off whenever you fel like it. These benefits are, broadly speaking. tue, Working for (2) means being in charge of your own Gestny Ifyou succeed, then the sk’ the mit fr your ambitions. However, selfemployment can be extremely hard work and comes ‘without the certainty ofa regular income or benefits (3) as sick leave and pension arrangements. The hours are usually (4) longer = especialy with the mountain of paperwork to get through ~and at times it ‘an be a lonely, thankless task. Taking leave, at (5) nun in the earl stages when you are unlikely 10 have any staff to cover, will be Impossible (6)... losing money. There are (7) the financial risks. Thousands of young fis ) started out with such promise go bankrupt every year, @) oon swallowed up their owners’ life savings and put (10) into years of debt. So, if you see (11) as an ‘automatic route to an easier life, pethaps yOu (12) smn think again. (English in Use- Word formation 11 For questions 1-10, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0). Up to twenty or thity years ago, office 0) employees in EMPLOY England used to get their tea served by a tea lady, who brought the beverage round on a trolley. As times ‘moved on and the demand fora varity of drinks ‘increased, coin-operated vending machines 1) GRADUAL replaced the great British Tea Lady. Nowadays, it seems that even vending machines might become an 2) species! The motor 3) Honda has developed a lfelice humanoid’ robot thet can cary a 4) sosesonnan Nayand bring 2 cup of ta straight to your REFRESH cesk, The fist models fist appeared in 1986 and today's version of Asimo, the Japanese word fr legs, stands ata 5 Cf nearly one anda half metres and bears a HIGH strong 6) toanastronaut wearing a backpack —-RESEMIBLE DANGER MANUFACTURE ‘These tea robots are ‘supersmar’. Serving tea in pais, their Dv ate perfectly timed so as not to getin each ‘Move others way. They also have a 8) linkso they COMMUNICATE know where ther partner is and what they are doing at any ‘moment. Add the fact that Asimo can recognise drink 9 and bring the right drink to the person CHOOSE ‘who ordered it, andi is 10) that the job of SURPRISE the traditional tes lady has become a thing of the past. Writing: Reports and Letters lication 56 Reports are usually written for a person in authority (eg. teacher manager group leade; et). They normally contain some description (2. Say what the conditions in your school are lie.) and often include our suagestions or recommendations for future action (ens aN sugges how you Mink the skution could be improved. Information is presented in separate sections. Each section has an appropriate heading to help the reader easly identify what the report contains ‘+ Reports usually begin with the ‘persion in the top ech come. To: From Subject: Date: following (The exact information depends ‘on the rubric), ‘©The first paragraph is usually a short section entitled Purpose or introduction. It is important that we mention the reason for writing and prepare the reader for the information that we will include in the main body. ‘= The main body is divided into sections, each of Which starts with a heading, We should link our ideas with appropriate linking words and phrases We need to use short sentences to make the information easy to understand. ‘© Reports end with a final section, often entitled Conclusion, in which we can: + summarise the points in the main body ~ make a recommendation for future action = offer a personal opinion Present tenses and formal writing are normally used in reports, D Understanding the Rubric 1 1 Read the rubric below and underline the key words. ‘Then answer the questions that follow. © The college where you study English has decided to ‘make some changes. The Dean has asked you as a student representative, to write 2 report on the Conditions in the dassrooms and to suggest ways in Which the situation could be improved for students and staff write your report. 1. Whois the target reader? 2. What information do you have to include in your report? 3 Which ofthe following headings could you use in your report? ick ¥) Fs Things ek TL] Beginning LY Rupe ‘What | Like About The School [-] Classroom Conditions 1] What Can WeDo About it? [] Suggested Improvements [] Last But Not Least [-] Conclusion [-) S Analysing a report 2 a. Read the model and insert the appropriate headings from Ex. 13. To: Timothy Taylor, Dean From: Tonia Washington Subject: Suggested improvements to classrooms Date: 8th May 2... 0 ‘The purpose of this report is to comment on conditions in the college and to make recommendations for possible improvements, » aot Although conditions are generally good, there are cone or two problems. Firstly, in lange classes, there is not much desk space. Secondly, the classrooms tend to be dark, especially in the winter months. Finally, during video lessons, some of us find it difficult to see the screen properly ie ‘There are a number of changes that could be made in order to improve the situation. To begin with, I would strongly suggest that the number of students per class be Kept to below twelve. In this way, we would avoid the overcrowding that sometimes exists. Also, special care needs to be taken as far as lighting is concerned. Last, if the college invested in a larger television, it would mean that all of the students would be able to get the ‘maximum benefit out ofthe video lessons. 4 |), To sum up, while most of us are satisfied with the ||) conditions, T feel that the above improvements would |L make things even better. If these suggestions were caried ‘out, both teachers and students would have a more © comfortable environment for teaching and studying. . Look back at the model and find answers to the following questions. 1. What information does each section contain? 2 What phrases does the writer use to make recommendations? in . What problems and recommended solutions are mentioned in 5 _ Use the prompts below to write the main body of the model? complete sentences. a | 7 | D> Linking Words and Phrases | | | "| [ In reports, ideas should be linked using linking words and | F phrases. Examples ofthese include || refstpoins sty /n the fist place /To begin wth... :Secondly/Then Furthermore... Finally Last. te 1. One / the main problems / To make concessions learning English / get / enough / Although... while... :despite the fatthat... te listening and speaking practice To add emphasis 2 Secondly, ot dificult things 7 especialy... :knparicuar.: particulary. ;te learn, / especially / grammar sy eaurai jour piven 3 Onesolution / watch TV listen / fel. eleve 1am convinced... :1am confident... te pee 4. This / mean / hear the way / “To make suggestions/recommendations fareusge Tile Ei inoue trong suggest/tecommend...: fe (dhs /wereto doth). esta eth racer dane) BE One solution /suggesion would be 0... would bea good deat... tc iGirdghs ea aioe Toe To express cause and effect language 8 ding) we could woul... (Doing this) would oe the probleme). 6 Furthermore if/ study regulary / te Ins Way we cou... order 0... $0that... (Tis) would mean that slowy buld knowledge is Asoresut.. ete to G Read the rubric, underine the key ng words and answer the questions. ts 3 Go through the model in Ex. 2a and identify the linking words/phrases used. Then suggest alternatives. @@ The school where you work 35 2 teacher planning to produce a et © brochure tobe distibuted to the a 4. _ Use appropriate linking words/phrases from the theory box above @ public. The headmaster has asked B to complete the sentences. @ you to ite a report, suggesting ee @ which aspects of life atthe school : woting in sucha dosed entonnent st ea © Sous be reed fhe = Secondly, we have complained, brochure and which photooraphs he nothing has been done about it should be used 2 Weshould get more computers inthe office Ns ak wie al pal te evan © oe ae ald 3 we increase our office hours Se od provide beter customer service 1 Who isthe target reader? xe 4 Fist, fea change the current 2. Which aspects of schoo! fe could curiculum, «students should be given an extra you wite about? free period during exams 3 Which linking words and phrases 5 | believe we should hire additional parttime staff, could you include? the during the busy summer season, 4 Which of the following section be able to get the orders out on time. headings could you use? 6 Finally itis important to understand the Other Schools in the Area] ” importance ofthe Internet in the job matket today. Conclusion [Lesson Timetable [] rake the results ofthis survey wil help us improve our Fram Success [1 Purpose CT working conditions. {A Detaled History ofthe Schoo! Schoo! Activities [] Classrooms [] other [7] 57 Writing: Reports and Letters of Applic 7 Read the two models (A & B) and say which is not appropriate, B Look back at the goodmodel and an giving reasons. Think about: layout ~ grammar - style (formal - w informal) - points not covered ‘© say what information is contained ineach section 9 Fr * underine the linking words/phrases fe Dee Me Hove & suggest alternatives im writing you this report to tell you all aboub what | thir is «© highlight words/phrases which are i a bile: idea for the brocture that you wart to write. Fret of formal al et me say what a vice idea it is. It is a really good school © 214 | have been very happy here, In fact, tll be sorry to leave. & other Schools tn the Area D Letters of Application There’s no school like Riverbank English School It's the best |) in the area and all the kide are really happy. Some of the te site letters of application when [| other echools in the town are just rubbich! ‘we want to apply for @jab or a course of ©! Detailed Hetory of the School study tis important to include only the Je| The school started in 1987, Ichink. tt has just got better information thats relevant, and to use a [and better since then, with rice lessons, rice claceroome suitable sty, formal o semi-forral eae ee ‘The ist paragraph mentions the Well, fd berter go now. Thanks for your time and good Rast eiwne vanes Pluck with the brochure! Peeps include the name of the Miacilason ss job/course you are applying for and where you saw it advertised ————__—__~_——-- ‘The main body paragraphs can — include: ~ what work experience you have P Ruth Larson I© Subject School Brochure your academic qualifications Tl Date: Ist August20... = the personal qualties which make 8 {you suitable for the job or course = The purpose of this repor is to make recommendations regarding What you write in the main boc which aspects of life at the school should be represented in the depends on what is written in the proposed brochure. rubric. You shoul ink your ideas with : appropriate linking words and phrases, Firstly, one suggestion would be to include some information about the classrooms. It would be a good idea to inchide some * Inyour final paragraph, you can | photographs taken during a lesson. This would give a good — summarise the points in the main = | impression of the conditions in the school. body \ = 1 for consierin 1 senoot 6 thank the person for considering || Secondly, Ithinkcit would bo usoful to mention something about tho yo oes diferent activities and projects that we take part in. We could, for ~ ask the petson to consider you | example, include an article about the Intemet Project and feature for the job/course |b) Photooraphs of the video room. In this way, we could show the = mention the possbilty of further [public that there i more tolarning English than classroom work. ees | ae Pe ily i et | Finally, we could include a section about the results from recent soma past tides -be eed tb ‘examinations in order to show how successful the school has >) been. We could illustrate this with photographs taken at last year's, prize-giving ceremony. describe your past experience, (eg. finished schoo! in 2003 and joined a e computer course, where | obtained a |) Conetusion dfplome in information Technology) [| To sum up, I believe that if we include some of the suggestions You may ako use future constructions, above, we will be able to create a very attractive and informative (>) brochure. As a result, the public will have a very clear idea of the fe Ferd aoe iy stag ‘work that we do here. London and willsoon be starting voluntary gt work in order t0 ..) 58 D Understanding the Rubric 2 Read the rubric below, paying careful attention to the underlined words and phrases. Then answer the questions that follow. @ You have seen the following advertisement for a summer job and have decided to apply. Taylor and Partners We need students to work in our offices during the summer months. The work will involve basic office duties in our London branch end anyone who is a fulltime student can apply. We are looking for people with initiative, so write and tell us about yourself. We'll be interested to read about any experience which you have had but most of all we want you to tell us about your personality. Write your letter of application. You should write between 120 and 180 words. 1. Whois the target reader? 2. What information should you include in the introduction? 3 How many main body paragraphs will you need? qq ‘What should they contain? 4 Which of the following beginnings and endings ate appropriate? Give reasons. 1) eee | sa ee ae os ees eae ee es a ——e 9 8 Dean Siv/Madarm, | Jam uniting about the job lama | “ atudemb amd: | thinks | hare all the righty © Well, thanks for giving me the chance 0 apply for this, I'm cure i'll be great i" fun working in your London branch. a Youre, a aim Srnich i D _Ithink I'm the right person for the job. Call by me if you like. 5 ‘Yours faithfully, James Smith » Analysing a Letter of Application 10 @ Read the model and find: where the job was advertised what the writer is doing now future plans a reference to past work experience etal about the writer's personality a reference to further communication I Dear Sir/Madam, Dos wating ic repponee 0 your scpenisement in | yesterday's Student News. I would be grateful if you | would consider my application for the vacancy in your © London office. Tam a sixteen-year-old high school student and am. very interested in this position. When I leave school, 1 plan to study business administration and this would be ‘a perfect opportunity for me to gain some experience. Although I have no formal work experience, Ihave fften helped out in the family business, where T have |) been responsible for duties such as filing and taking | felephone messages. _ BB>As far as my personality is concemed, I would | describe myself as industrious and motivated. Iam a © sociable person and I enjoy working with others as part © ofa team. 1 also bolieve that I am capable of working alone and able to use my own initiative. If you wish me to attend an interview, Tam available | atany time. Thank you for considering my application. I Jock forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, © Dora Collier / Dora Colier b. Suggest an alternative beginning and ending for this etter. 411. Read the model again and find formal words/ phrases which mean the same as the informal ‘ones given in the table, as in the example. to answer in response to think about Job chance {haven't got any done things tke answering the phone As for what! real tke, can you want free can't wafto near 60 12\3 Writing: Reports and Letters of Applic b. Now use the formal words and phrases to make sentences that you could use in your own letter of application. D Etror Correction ‘The model below is not a suitable letter of application. Correct the underlined mistakes. Think about: * unnecessary word + missing word + wrong tense * punctuation problem ‘language too informal» wrong preposition ‘wrong word order incorrect salutation ‘*gerundéinfnitive mistake Dear Sir/Madam, Lwrite this letter to apply for the job | saw advertiged somewhere. have always wanted dong this Job ever since wae little boy. | always lke to watch filmes on TV and dream that one day | will work at_an office. tt sounds really cool_ard tm swe that you are a great. bose There ie ard aother reason why | wart this job it is because when leave echo! | want to be a menager, and it would be good experience For me. | would algo lke to know how much is the salary i order to plan my holidays for the surrmer. Please let me know if | get the Job. | carit, wait Yours truly, Bill b. The letter above has other problems, apart from the underlined mistakes. Read it again and say if the writer effectively mentions the reason for writing v says where he saw the job advertised x ‘mentions the type of job he is applying for separates his writing into paragraphs includes only relevant information says what he is doing now ‘mentions relevant experience mentions his academic qualifications refers to his personal qualities 0 links his ideas with appropriate linking words and phrases 111. summarises the points in the main body 12 thanks the person for considering his application 13 asks the person to consider him for the jobscourse 14 mentions the possibility of further communication 15 uses appropriate language Fevers Discuss, 13 Look at the writing tasks below, underline the key — 14 words and, for each one, answer the questions that follow. © You have 2 weekend job working in a shop. © The manager wants to make the shop more profitable and has asked you to write a report making sore suggestions. Write your report for the manager. You have seen the following announcement for a part-time job. UE SETUIN Ne ‘Do you have free time in the evenings? We are looking for sensible and mature young people to work parttime in our | ‘Accounts Department. You do not need ‘any experience but we need you to be honest and reliable. Write and tell us a litle about yourself and why you think you would be suitable for the job. ener Write your letter of application. ‘What do you have to write? Whois the target reader? What style is appropriate? What would be a suitable way to begin? Will you use section headings? If so, suggest suitable ones 5. What information should you include in the main body? 6 Which linking words and phrases could you use? 7 How could you end your piece of writing? Portfolio: Using the information you have learned in ‘this unit, write one of the tasks above. You should write between 120 and 180 words. @ “Mr Smith, why are you late for work this morning?” “I got married, siz" "well, see it doesn't happen again." | te? est ain Lin uld a. In which room(s) can you see each of the following? What other items can you see? ‘potted plants « light fitings » a fireplace ‘* French windows * a mirtor * a three-piece suite ‘a carpet * a coffee table » draped curtains ‘*omaments * a wooden floor b. In pairs, use the adjectives to talk about the rooms above. ‘bate spacious + cosy traditional ‘comfortable * airy * impersonal « rustic ‘siysh ® moder lived. # crowded ‘> oom Clooks bare tome. There’ not much furniture just asofaanda coffe table. 8: ftakolooksimpersonal, don'tyou think? ‘a, What kind of person do you think each of these rooms belongs to? Tell your partner. J think the room in picture A belongs to an artistic person. ts ‘beautiful room. (B) Listen and match the speakers to the houses in the pictures. Which words helped you decide? 1 Pamela * 3 Sarah 2 Hany What does each person do fora living? ‘Would you like to live in any one of the following? Why/why not? Discuss in pairs. penthouse on the top floor of a skyscraper * an isolated cottage in the countiyside * ahouseboat * caravan (mobile home) + an underground house ‘A: [like to lve in a penthouse on the top floor of a skyscraper so that Scould enjoy the view ofthe city. ‘Bs, | think it would be great to be above all the other buildings a, GETS Paraphrase the following quotations. ‘Which one do you agree with the most? Why? Discuss bp. ETE jt you could change three things about your home, what would they be? Why? 62 To do this task successfully you need to find the links between the sentences and the text before and after each gap. ‘a. Look at the title and the picture. What do you think the article is about? b. Read the introduction to the article. Why do you think the couple decided to live underground? Read the. first paragraph quickly and check . Would you ever consider living underground? What would the advantages’ disadvantages be? Think about: noise * light + building costs + space ‘neighbours ‘maintenance * heating views * safety « bills ‘As Lwould tink ving underground might be less noi. 8: Yes butitcould abo beextremely dark dont you agree? a. Look at the article. Seven sentences have been removed. Read the article and choose from the sentences (A-H) the one which fits each gap (1-7). There is one sentence which you do not need to use, b. Underline the words both in the text and the sentences Which helped you decide on your choices. Compare your answers to your partner’, Eccentric? Possibly. [Ecological? Yes. | Economical? You bet. Steve Wells on a couple’s decision to build their home below the earth. Society is going to have to look at energy usage, and underground homes can be space-saving in a crowded country. The light coming in through them should create interesting lighting effects in the central living area - and reduce the need for artifical light. A considerable amount of money is saved on energy and maintenance bill, and earth-sheltered hames are free from most forms of noise and have a low fire risk Also, some people find it difficult to cope psychologically with living in an earth-sheltered dwelling, but this usually applies only to deep structures. They can make use of steep slopes and can have attractive wide glass fronts, instead, they found a sweet-smelling 10m by 20m space, 4m high. The couple have since used a special drill to cut three large square holes in the roof, which will soon support three lass pyramids. Because an earth-sheltered home is so effectively insulated, there is virtually no loss of heating and, therefore, significantly reduced heating bil. uw Timothy Scott was (iGUFAIY leafing through a local sewspaper when he saw a small advert for a "concrete reservoir for sale’. A few months later, along with his wife, Sarah, he is about to become one of the few Brits who live below the earth. The couple, known locally as the moles’, have decided to go underground not just because they want one of the most unusual homes in Britain, but for good ecological reasons too. The first time the couple climbed down a dangerous old son ladder to inspect the inside of the reservoir, they expected to descend into metres of mud and water. [1] ‘The HiaSSWVE concrete roof, and the earth above it, was supported by eight large original brick pillar, ‘We knew immediately that it would make a wonderful home,’ says Timothy. be the main source of light and heat for the house, Natural light will spread through glass walls to the three bedrooms, two bathrooms and kitchen off the central area, ‘We expect Milly! no heating bill,’ Timothy says. ‘The surrounding earth and the inside of the walls should provide an ample storage area for the solar energy we ‘cin through the pyramids during the day. [3] ] Wee estat ‘at this will cut our electricity bills by atleast a third The couple's belief in the benefits of living underground = is genuine. Living underground, which is quite common ©) Vocabulary Practice 3 a Match the highlighted words in the text to their synonyms below. + expenses + almost + gigantic ‘more than enough + residents * unhurriedly «calculate approximately « practices . Which words or phrases in the text describe the materials used for this kind of building? S Text Analysis 4 a Look at these two phrases from the article. ‘What is the meaning of the word ‘good’ in each sentence? ©... not just because they want one of the most Unusual homes in Britain, but for good ecological reasons too. (lines 6-8) +... a building that wil last 2 good 500 years (line 30) b. Look at the following phrases from the article and explain them in your own words. parts of Spain and has many advantages for families. []] What's more, they are naturally protected from wind and draughts. Earth sheltering also provides greater security and at the same time a building that will last a good 500 years. There are fewer than a dozen earth-sheltered homes in Britain, which makes their ifiabilaiilS pioneers of a sort. Building this way is also compatible with the new conservationist methods, [5[_] To avoid living in ‘shoe boxes! and to keep agricultural land green, there is really only one way of building: underground. ‘in 100 years’ time, or less, says Timothy, believe that large numbers of people willbe living in earth-sheltered homes in Britain. Earth-sheltered homes don’t have to be like Timothy's reservoir. [6] ] A patio is also possible, as long as there is enough space in front of a house. However, according to Peter Carpentier, secretary of the British Earth Sheltering Association, who lives in his own underground home, there are a few disadvantages. For instance, because there are so few earth-sheltered homes in the UK, it is usually hard, although not impossible, to get planning permission. lot of excavation is needed, building 9815 can be higher than for conventional homes, although savings can be 50 made in other ways. The couple's belief in the benefits of living Underground is genuine, (ines 24-25) ‘Building this way is also compatible with the new conservationist methods. (lines 33-34) 5 What advantages/disadvantages of living Underground does the article mention? List them, then talk to the class about the pros and cons of living underground, 6 _Thearticle states that “Society is going to have to look at energy usage .." (sentence A). What ways are there to save energy in our homes? Think about: * alternative energy sources * recycling * insulation © Discussion 7 BEOM impairs, ciscuss the following. * Could earth-sheltered houses be the homes of the future? Why (not)? ‘= What other types of houses might people have in the future? 8 _Inpairs, take roles and act out a dialogue between Timothy and Sarah, while they are viewing the house for sale. Record yourselves. 63 64 Language Focus © res of Houses ‘a. Look at these types of houses. ‘Which would you find in a suburban, urban or rural area? ‘cottage * bungalow * fat + bedsit + council house # maisonette + terraced house * hotel suite ‘houseboat + mansion « studio «semi-detached « detached vila * penthouse * farmhouse Cottages are usually found in ural areas. b. What kind of home do you live in? Where is it located? a. Tick (V) the rooms/areas which your house has, then describe them to your partner. celar =O ending «6s guest room [7] front garden larder patio bedroom ] swimming poo! ] o yard = ett o ral =] gamesroom living room [] ining room = back garden] utiityroom kitchen] terrace Oo gerge porch Oo attic OD trive ir] shed Os study o Oo balcony E]_r0of garden bb. Which rooms/areas would you lke your house to have? Use the useful language to discuss in pairs. ‘As Myhouse has... twould be nice ifwe hhad a shed - then | would be able to keep my bike there instead ofleaving it outside. How about you? 8 Myhouse has... ut would lve fit hhad..ete 1 Useful language: Expressing wishes It would be nice/great/wonderful if | woul love it if Ive always wanted a(n) My dream isto have a | wish we had Having a(n)... would make things so much nicerfeasierfmore convenient Think of as many adjectives as you'can to make collocations and complete the spidergrams. Which of these features are there in ~ your house? Tell your partner 5 front French garage sliding thatched “= slate modern fitted. ep antique, J well-equipped garden & You enter the house through alarge wooden front doar D Renting a House/Flat 4, Work in pairs. magine that you and your friend are going to study in England and are looking for a place to rent. Decide on the kind of place you would like by ticking the boxes below. You can add more features of your own. o spacious [—] cosy [-] ina fashionable district [] stylish [] traditional] fully-equipped [] fuly-urished [affordable I Fp easily accessible [1] peaceful [] isolated 1] in the cty centre 7) easy to maintain [-] cheap] modern decor [7] in the countyside [] other. ‘A: Ithink we should rent somewhere spacious. don't want to feel cramped. B You're right, We should ent somewhere stylish, as well b. Read the advertisements and explain the words/ phrases in, bold. Then, in pairs, decide which is the best for you. > Appliances & Furniture b. Which of the household chores in Ex. 7a do you do? How often? Discuss with your partner and decide if you could live together. in 5 Thenouns below are all ‘A: Idon’tmind putting the rubbish out household objec, Which 8 Thasorear because hate syllable(s) are stressed? “pillowcase « dustbinteg _-&) Idioms and Fixed phrases 5 ‘ashtray «CD « greenhouse ‘ue ‘bathtub « armchair 8 + temote control * bedside lamp * fireplace In the sentences below there are some common phrases with home. Look at the dictionary entries and underline the correct option in each sentence. What other information do the entries give? | ordered some kitchen knives from the home-shopping/marketing score andiniting ther to behave in home-grown. Home-grown fut °° rd vowtabes have been grown 6 "Oh Your een te a 2 a county ater than 2 “ah ‘Theme made! > sd homemade Someting tat s homemade as een # trae nsomnenes vr ae then Shep. of face. The bead pasty ond Inernasearehonesnad. B home shopping: ss Sele home- ware shopping. Home shopping & bayng things by ‘ordering thar by pos elephone the Internet ratte than ging 0 shop to ‘by them, the est sucessful nae 9 homesick oOTEKL YoU ate 02009 homesick, jou fest usbappy DECASE a0.cus ee eer ae san ee ee see + pepper mill «light bulb 1 Make yourself vas home * washing machine 2. Allof our tomatoes are home-grown/-made * bookcase 3 morte network lastnight ; 4 Being away for so long you must fel homeless/ homesick 5. Ive now made/setled London my hom 'B}) Now listén and check if ee a ou were right. oi woo | ” S en fare en. of ny Senior wed vy § _ Discuss with your partner Seance crabee ne. what people who lve in ‘ecb an Dao ‘ Ievetone ert gr as j homes that donthavethese I asa objects might use instead es ee rar en ln jou te. Deyerwarimy homer mabe < 4 lsupposepeoplewhodonthave Mim a, sas nas dustbin bags could use plastic I Zomfonabie and st eaze nthe pace of 8k" 695 rom the supermarket. stot ys He re to 8 Yes thatSwhat wedo athome, fj] estto ses oi Tn enh you cane home auceit . from home to rele toa place in wich « E Yon onde By in, ©) Phrasal Verbs Er you sy 9 home ay om ~ Toe My caps hore fo Pome aftr mana eae 2 anaes “Make yours conor ©L 7 a. Fillinthe gaps with the Sr eee tosis ten fo eO correct partide 1 Youwon't forget to put the Underline the correct word in each sentence, then say what the phrases rubbish before you meen, : 2 0 %0 bed wl you? 1 enjoy visitng the Smiths; they realy make you feel ike/at home. 2 cooked dinner, so think ts Ive been all over the werld, but there's no place like home house. only. fale that yOu 7 este 3. The comments she made about his manners really hit/got home. He's never behaved lite that since. 3 Ifyou clear all the junk in the garage, there'll be space for my motorcycle 4 When you've finshed plang wth Jour ts, put bees in the apc 5. Don't eave your coat onthe vay cha, ae in the Gensiche.“ihete Yea abo 3 . heh tos, eet han y the washing. I put it on the radiators. 4 Atthe end of the match, the importance of our victory came/arrived home tome, 5 If we win this match, we'll be home/house and dry. 6 I think it's time Sam faced up to a few home/house truths. 7 I don't have a very active socal life. 'm more of a home/house bird =) Prepositions Appendix 1 10 Filin: of within into, on. Then make sentences using the phrases. 1to be situated 2 the country; 3 the suburbs; 4 the outskirts; 5 the heart 6 dose the city centre; 7 225) 1€2CN woven B walking distance 65 Listening & Speaking Ctistening 4 Youwill hear five people giving their views on sharing a house. Before you listen, look at the six headings (A-F) listed in the box and underline the key words. What do you expect each speaker to talk about? ® Forspeakers 15, choose which ofthe headings in the lst (AF) the people are talking about. There is one extra letter which you do not need touse, ‘A. Appreciating one’s own space Speaker 1) B Managing household chores + speaker 2[-] C Finding away to afor shoe te ar D Adapting to someone else's lifestyle E Finding the right atmate Speaker 4) F Adifficult person to live with Speaker 5[_] Which qualities should the person you share a house with have? 2. You will hear an interview with a writer called Heather Carey. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer (A, B or C), 1. According to Heather, the most beautiful stately homes in Britain were built A. from the 12th century to the 16th century B_ from the 16th century to the 20th century. after the 20th century. 2 Heather says that Welbeck Abbey is unusual because ‘A. thas a long history B_ its use hes changed. many people lived there. 3. What was one of the constructions the Duke of Portland added to Welbeck Abbey? Aa private coach house Ban underground railway station © avery large tunnel ‘4 What explanation does Heather give for the Duke of Portland's building activities? A. He wanted to help poor people. B_ He loved working underground. © He liked people to work for him 5 Why was the skating rink built below ground level? ‘A. to make it as large as possible B_ to avoid the use of supporting pillars to make it easier to fit the roof 66 6 Why was the ballroom never used? ‘A. People were not invited to stay a the Abbey. B_ The Duke went to live in his house in London. His staff thought that it was not safe 7 Why did the Duke give each of his workers a donkey? A He wanted to show them he was @ good employer. B_ He did not want his workers to become too tired. © He wanted to keep his reputation as an eccentic, speaking D Household items

b. Use pas from above to compete the dialogues between landlords and tenants. and oan ae if may. : B: Sure. What is it? ' A: H've got a problem in my flat. The bathroom tap if e is leaking a: see & 2) please? J bic wat cand A OK, thanks Could | have a word with you, please? Certainly. What sit? The radiator in my bedroom isn’t working and 3) I have to get back to you on that well I'm sorry, but 4) Alright. I'l come and take a look at it now. That's more like it, Thank you Per Pere as a In pairs, act out similar dialogues using the = 4 prompts. =i « broken lock on front door + loose tiles in bathroom + leaking 001 + cracked window * Avoiding giving a direct answer a, Read the exchange. Who is trying to avoid giving a direct answer? When can have your rent? ‘have to get back to you about that oe b. In pais, imagine you are in the following situations. Use the sentences in the box to avoid giving a direct answer. * You want to know when some repair work will be completed. * You want to know the cost of having double- lazing fitted * Someone you don’t know very well wants to move in with you, Useful language: Avoiding giving a direct, answer Illhave to get back to you on/about that. I can't give you an answer right now. I'd rather not say, © can't say for certain. ''m not in a position to answer that Vilhave to think about it. © let you know. Is out of my hands. * lh see what | can do. ma bit busy at the moment. Everyday English + Omissions a. In conversation, speakers often leave out parts of a sentence, In pairs, write out the complete sentences, as in the example Fancy something to eat? Do you fancy something toeat? Any newsyet? Miss you. Got the time? Been waiting long? Better be going Need a hand?, Time for bed 'b. Now match these responses to the questions/ statements above. Lalsony, no. (a) manage. (Clb) This eary? jothing [Tg] why not? Ch] Me, too. 67 Reading: Literature Corner (Reading 41 You will read an extract from Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations. Before you read the extract, read the ‘ext below and answer the questions. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) is the riches story of a poor boy, Philip ‘Pip’ Pirip (the narrator), who suddenly comes into a fortune and is sent to London to be educated as a ‘gentleman, Despite his good nature, ip becomes a srob-and is comupted by his good fortune, He is impressed by the wrong people for the wrong reasons, and he loses touch with his honest, hard-worling tends. The story ends wth Pip losing his wealth and position in society. ‘Mr Wennick is a humble, honest hardworling employee at Mr Jagger's law firm, which handles Pip's alfairs. In this extract Pip has been invited to supper and to ‘moot the Aged Parent at Mr Wommick’s house. Ho has not yet, it seems, become a corrupt snob. Other works by Charles Dickens: Oliver ‘Twist (1837-39), Nicholas Nickelby (1896- 39), David Copperfield (1846-50). 1. What do you think is the moral of Great Expectations? 2 Why has Dickens given his novel this tile? Look quickly at questions 1 to 8 in Ex. 3. What. do you think Mr Wemmick's house looks like? b._ Skim the extract and check your answers. Read the text and for questions 1-8, choose the correct answer (A, B, Cor D). Which parts of the text helped you decide on your answers? 1. What i Pips first impression of Wemmick’s house? ‘A. He is impressed by the garden. B He thinks the house is ridiculous © He finds the house too small D_ He really likes the house. 2 Why had Wemmick built a bridge? A. for decorative reasons B_ todefend his home € toimpress Pip D to feel safe from burglars 3. The place where Pip and Wemmick went to drink their punch A was made aut of trees. B_ had a short path leading to it. ‘© was in the centre of an island. D_ took along time to reach. 68 —Mr Wemmick’s — “Castle” ‘Wemmick’s house was alittle wooden cottage in the ‘middle of a large garden. The top of the house had been ‘built and painted like a battery loaded with guns. I said T really liked it. 1 think Wemmick’s house was the tiniest I had ever sen. It had very few windows, and the door was almost too small to get in. ‘Look,’ said Wemmick, ‘after I have crossed this bridge, Iris itso that nobody can enter the Castle. ‘The ‘bridge’ was a plank, and it crossed a gap about four feet wide and two deep. But I enjoyed seeing the smile on Wemmick’s face and the pride with which he AoE his bridge. The gun on the roof ofthe house, he told me, was fired every night at nine o'clock. I later ard it. Admittedly, it made an impressive sound “At the back,’ he sai, there are fowls and rabbits also got my own little vegetable garden, and I grow “cucumbers, Wait until supper and you'l ee for yourself what kind of salad I can make. If the Castle is ever attacked, Iwill be able to RBIQIGHE for quite a while,’ he said with a smile, but atthe same time seriously He led me to a litte HR shelter which was only a few metres away, but the path that led to it was so ‘nding that it took us quite a while to get there, It was here that our glasses were set out, Our drink of punch ‘a8 cooking in an BERBERA pond, on whose bank the “shelter was built. The pond had a small ‘sland’ in the jiddle, where Wemmick had built a fountain. “1 am my own engineer, my own carpenter, my own Pip react to the pond and the fountain? A. He told Wemmick he liked them. B He decided to say nothing © He thought they were too eccentric. He admired Wemmick for his taste. 5 How did Pip feel about meeting Wemmick’s relative? A. He agreed with enthusiasm B He tred to say no. He fet extremely embarrassed D_ He didn’t really want to. 6 Wemmick’s ‘collection of curiosities’ ‘A. included many items obtained illegally. B_ was a mix of interesting small items was of very high value. D_ only had things made by Wemnmick. was nich. the the tain? ses’ said Wemmick, acknowledging my compliments, Wel, i's a good thing, you know. It pleases the Aged Secat. You wouldn't mind being introduced to him, sald you? Itwouldn’t bother you?” 1 felt that I could only agree. Inside, we found a very sé man in a flannel coat siting by a fire. He was clean, -Seerful and well cared for, but almost completely deaf We paid our respects and made some small sation. Then, Wemmick showed me his collection curiosities. They were mostly todo with being on the sone side of the lav: a pen with which a famous -y had been committed, a couple of distinguished ors, some MMMM cf. ‘hair, several mancelated sions written from prison. These were nicely ee various little things made by Wemmick himselt ‘Taey were alin that room of the Castle that served not Sas the sitting room, but, judging from a saucepan the hob, asthe kitchen too. We returned to the garden to drink our punch, ‘emmick told me that it had taken him many years to property to this state of perfection, Isit your own, Mr Wemmick?” ‘Oh yes, I have got a hold of it abit ata time. Ihave sSsolute ownership now.” Do you indeed? I hope Mr Jaggers admires it?” ‘Never seen it said Wemmick, “never heard of it Se: the office is one ‘hen I go to the office, I leave the Castle behind me, 2s when I come into the Castle, I leave the office Sehind me. If you don’t mind, Id like you to do the seme. I don't want to talk about my home in a eotesional weag . and private life is another. 7. What do we understand about Wemmick’s home life? ‘A. He has to try hard to keep people from invading it. B It is more important to him than his career He rarely allows work to interfere with it It has taken him many years to separate it from his work. 8 What isthe writer trying to do in this extract? ‘Show us that Pip is a good-natured person Narrate Pips visit to Wemmick's house Introduce the Aged Parent into the piot ‘Show us that Pip doesn’t have good manners one> .d out among small items of porcelain and glass 4% > 4 > 5 2 8 Vocabulary Practice a. Match the highlighted words in the passage with their synonyms below. ‘contest « with many plants * ised ‘with many twists and tuins # decorative ‘cuts # resist and not give in Read the text again and underline the words! phrases the author uses to describe Wemmick’s house. Use the words/phrases to talk about ‘Wemmick's house. Text Analysis The following phrases are taken from the passage. Explain them in your own words. 1‘. you'll see for yourself what kind of salad | can make.” (lines 18-19) 2. ‘Tam my own Jack of all Trades..." (lines 30-31) 3‘... to bring his property to this state of perfection." (ines 51-52) 4. "When | go to the office, | leave the Castle behing me." (ine $9) Look at this sentence from the text. Why has the writer placed the word ‘bridge’ in quotation marks? The ‘bridge’ was a plank, and it crossed a gap about four feet wide and two deep. (lines 10-11) Look at these two statements and find evidence in the extract to support them, Mr Wemmick is house-proud. He refers to his cottage as ‘the Castle’... Pip feels a little uncomfortable. Discussion BEI In pairs, discuss the following ‘+ What makes you feel proud of your home? ‘© Have you ever done any home improvements? What were they? Were you pleased with the results? Why (not)? Dickens created 989 individual characters during his career. ‘+ Dickens published Great Expectations in his weekly magazine Allthe Year Round. 69 ate] em mes) © Present Perfect Grammar Reference 4] Match Speaker A to Speaker 8. A B 41 Theliving room looks a Oh, yes. My dad's nice. fixed I 2 What's the matter? bb I've told the landlord 3 It smells great in about it. here! ¢ Ive puttin the 4 That broken window washing machine. is dangerous. 'd Ive tidied up, 5 Is your cooker e We'verun out, ‘working now? £ ve cut myself 6 Ican't find my blue g_‘'ve made something shirt special for tonight. 7 Where's the cat? hh ve taken her to the 8 There's no milk left. vet. 3. Compare the sentences. How do they differ in meaning? I've done lots of things since yesterday, | did lots of things yesterdey. b. Which of the time words below would you use with the past simple and which with the present perfect? Use them to make your own sentences. * already * ago « last year for months + for ages + during last summer's holidays yet * since 1996 » several times + over the past few weeks + lately *# before * recently 3 Puttthe verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the past simple, giving reasons for your choice. aA: l'venever been to Germany. Have you? B Yes, 1) Abe) there once, but that 2) (be) a ong time ago bain (see) that flm before. 8: Really When 2) (be) that? © A Shestil1) (notfeal me back 8: That's strange. What time 2) {you/leave) the message? dA Pete 1) (go) out, 'm afraid 8: How long isi since he 2) (leave)? eat (you/find) your keys yet? B: No, and 12) look) everywhere A) (yourty) your cost pockets? B Yes. 14) (ook) there fist. 70 a In pairs, use the prompts to ask and answer questions. Use the present perfect or the past simple as appropriate. 1. everfuelGermany? ‘A: Have you ever been to Germany? B: No, havent. Yes, went there two years ago. seesfln/Al Pacino? ceverfaivexam? everibefbungeejumping? read/good bookslately? You haven't seen these people for some time. What ‘might you say to them? Complete the sentences. Aen whose aris diferent, “Youve ‘A friend you expected hours ago. "You've «.." A friend who says anather frend has left town. “were has..2” A child who is now taller. "You've grown.” ‘A friend who looks thinner, "You've ...* Present Perfect Continuous Grammar Reference In pairs, use the prompts below and appropriate time expressions to ask and answer questions, as in. the example. : How long *useypersonal computer? use/a mobile phone? ‘+ livefyour current address? know/yaur next door neighbours? belsincefredecorated? ~ ~ 8 Howlong have you been using a personal computer? Forabout 10-12year, think ( English in Use- Key word transformations 2 Rewrite the sentences using the word in bold, Use between two and five words, 1. My house is too small to have a big party. not My house to have a big party 2 We have not sat in the garden since last summer. last The ann in the garden was last summer. 3. Mysister came to visit a month ago. since tt my sister came to visit 4 The last time he called me was a month ago. 5 heard | him for a month 5. Ihave not got an answer yet. still 1 an answer Vhat nce asin en Use vary. onth swe. 6 | have only been to Paris once before. time Thisis only the to Paris. 7 He has always found decorating cay good He has ahvays decorating 8 This is the strangest music | have ‘ever heard! strange Ihave music before! 9. My shed is not big enough to store my bike small Myshed my bike. 10 The same students are sharing the flat this year changed The students sharing the flat last year, “®\ Word formation: adjective © endings (1) B Use the endings in the list, and make any other necessary changes +0 form adjectives from the nouns and verbs. able ical e-ant e-ent «ive sen #-0u5 + ful « ible 1 fashion 10 wood fashionable 11. courage 2reluctance 12 wonder 3 imagine 13 horror 4 economy 14 gold independence 15 prestige 6 resistance 16 care 7 absence 17 possibilty B create 18 duration 8 history — iglish in Use - Word formation 9 Fill the gaps in the text with words formed from the words in capitals There is an example at the beginning (0) Saving Space Particularly in teenagers’ rooms, lack of 0) storage space is WIENS always a problem. Before you approach an interior 1) Bc (they don't come cheap), see if any of the following 2) Etec introduce the * You mean you've expected resut for {had this wreck for ove, each suggestion he 20 years and makes? What other \you' ve never had a suce car.” phrases can he use? 75 Writing: Makin: Discuss. gt, 411 Look at each of the rubrics below. Underline the key words and, for each one, answer the questions that follow. aA e@ “This is part of an email you have received from a pen frend My cousin and | are planning to vieit your courtry at the end of July for a short holiday. I'd lke your advice about the best way for us to meke the most of our five or sik day there — where to go, what to see and do, ard 60 on. Please write and tell me what you suggest. Write your email to your pen friend, B_ — @ _ Your college has decided to replace its small snack bar with a larger self-service cafeteria. The college magazine haa imited its readers to suggest which dishes they think should be included on the menu, as well as other changes which would make the plate more inviting to students. Write an article for the magazine, making your suggestions and aiving reasons for your choices. Write your article. c You are going on a one-day trip to London as part of a group of young people. The person organising the tis [Mrs Jones, has sent you 2 list of interesting places your group may lke to visit during your trip. Read the extrac from the list and the notes you made and using the information, write a letter to Mis Jones suggesting whic places you think you should visit Historical Sights + Tower of london * Big Ben Notes f ‘© Houses of Parliament «Trark Meo Jonee ~ good variety 2 '* Westminster Abbey places to viel Buckingham Palace of London 4 definitely. Yeo ~ General Interest + Tower OF vce y tunliterestis a © Madame + Modame Tosscud's > not 7 Buclingham Palace 1 10 Tale Modern ce euaetar Anbey Y enough tne Shopping . de "* Camaby Sreet + shops: great idea. e9pectaly ra + Oxdord Stoo! + Horods D Your cassis going to take part in a student exchange programme next month. Your teacher has asked each student to write a composition suggesting activities which their foreign exchange student can do in their free time in your neighbourhood. \Write your composition 1. Who is the target reader? What style is appropriate? 5 What phrases could you use to introduce these 2. What information do you need to include? suggestions and results? 3. What suggestions/recommendations could you make? «6 How could you begin/end your piece of waiting? 4. What results would you expect fiom these suggestions? 412. Portfolio: Choose two of the tasks above and write each one in 120 to 180 words. 76 ocabulary & Grammar Fil n the missing word. 1 At the age of 65, he from work. ‘She specialises the history of the Tudor period, The offices are in the city Jake's quick saved the litle gi from drowning My parents used to give me pocket- ry week when I Was young, I don't make a lot of money so I can't The tan knew a shortcut to the aitpor, so luckily we didn't miss our flight. The waiter cleared the plates and asked Us if we were interested in a dessert She a living by working for an insurence compary. Margaret has alot of experience teaching young learners. You really ought to cut (on your sui Intake if you want to lose weight | haven't seen my parents Christmas The weather has gone from bad to worse over the fow days. The flat fully buy any furniture Please wash after you finish having your dinner. so you don’t have to can't people telling me lis. Make yourself hom you ‘money by, you save itso that you can use it later. There's definitely no like home, Could you go to the supermarket, please? I've run of sugar. (10-marks) Circle the correct item. 1 He's called her ten times already and insists on speaking to her. He's very A patient B persuasive C persistent D punctual The government has decided to increase the monthly of civil sevants Awage B salary Cmoney interests ‘The company has more than one owner; there's Mr Peters and his two A colleagues C employees B personne! D partners All of their vegetables are home- ‘A.grown B made Cdone —D fixed How have you been working here? Afar Bmany Cmuch —Dlong The new shopping centre is easily tonearly everyone in the town, A accessible B affordable C kept D equipped {As soon as he saw | wasn't joking, the importance of the matter home to him, A arrived Breached C got D came The cottage has got a thatched A garden B door C window roof Mark has been to Spain for his holidays Alast Bago —Crecently D before ‘Where can he have gone?" he ‘A suggested 8 wondered C explained D begged (10 marks) English in Use Complete the second sentence using the word in bold. Use two to five words including the word given. Do not change the word given. I'm not sure i's worth waiting for the rest of the group. point There's the rest ofthe group, How come | didn’t try another shop instead of this one?” Helen wondered, tied Helen wondered ‘another shop instead ofthat one. The teacher said he was sorry he was lesson apologised The teacher He was the kindest person | had ever come across! kind had person before! Their office was too smal to have a meeting with ten staff ot Their office have a meeting with ten staf. (marks) RST NST pen ere 0g Fill in the correct word derived from the word in bold. 1. She felt miserable and SATISFIED with her new jb. 2. The manager asked her vaRY questions about her qualifications. 3. Tohis disappointment, Tim realised that his language skills were to the job RELEVANT 4. The interior she DESIGN hired was full of bright ideas 5 Ben's car was old and RELIABLE so, he decided to buy a new one (5 marks) Communication 5 Complete the dialogue. A: Any 1) now | could make some extra money? B: Here's what 2) re ind a part time job for the summer. A: Hmm... Ihadn’t 3) that, B: Look at this ad here. They're looking for a babysitter, 4) ideal for you A: Oh, no! That's 5) me. (Smarks) 6 Circle the correct response. 1 A: Better be going, B: a This early? Sorry, no. 2A: Come on, Bob. Time for bed. B: a Already? No, 'm not 3 A: When will you have my TV sat ready? B: a I'drather not say bb I can't say for certain 4): There seems to be something wrong with the back doo: Bi a Sure. What's wrong? bb Really? Whatis it? 5A: [don’t know what to do about Sa B: a You'd better talk to him. b_ You might have a point (5 marks) Reading You are going to read an article about conserving energy in the home. For questions 1-8, choose the correct answer A, B, C or D. The amount of energy consumed by residential buildings is A. 45 million tons B 27% mote than that consumed by industry. mainly responsible for global warming D_ going to be reduced by 2010 People making the laws had previously focused on A Europe. CC industry and transport B residential buildings. D private houses. Blocking up draughts A iseasy requires planning, B_isexpensive D_isenergy saving Itis recommended that loft insulation is A. 100mm thick C_ made of calulose B 200-300mm thick, fireproof According to the writer, we should use light bulbs which are A conventional © standard B. efficient, D_ high energy. Which sort of panels can produce electricity? A solar panels Blass panels photovoltaic panels D_ thermal solar panels How can we reduce global warming? A. By buying a new environmentally friendly house B By designing new bullings with energy saving features, € By installing new toilets in our homes. D_ By secycling grey water into drinking water. What's the best way to save energy in a building? A. Use environmental controls B_ Have a turf roof. © Insulate as much as possible D> Make sure it has a timber structure. (16 marks) Make Your Home Greener Residential buildings are responsible for consuming 7% of the total amount of energy consumed within rope and are the biggest source of global warming in the world, This is a fact that has, until recently, been ~erlooked by law-makers trying to reduce greenhouse gas eildings by 45 million tons before 2010. This means that of us can now save the planet from the comfort of our men homes The first things we can do are simple and easy. We can Sock up draughts, switch off unnecessary lights and make sre taps are not left running, The next step requires more soning and some expense, but as wells saving energy, we =illalso save on bill. Many homes have loft insulation, but it is rarely enough. Mos insulation is 100mm thick, but to be truly effective the commended thickness is 200-300mm. Full insulation can. ve a dramatic effect on energy consumption. It can save => 0 25 percent on your heating bills. variety of materials 22 available, But one ofthe most environmentally friendly s celulose in the form of compressed recycled newsprint ich has been fireproofed. We should use energy efficient light bulbs. These are ssually expensive to buy but consume less than half the ergy of standard bulbs. Aso, these bulbs last much longer san conventional light bulbs reducing the consumption of ‘Thermal solar panels are very efficient. They are capable providing all the hot water you need even in Britain's climate. Photovoltaic panels can be fited as solar roof tiles « solar windows and are now capable of generating about lf of an average home's electricity needs. A large EONS SIN ‘conservatory with lots of glass panels on the south side 35 (fa building will rap ligt and warmth and reduce the need for lighting. ‘We can install a ‘grey’ water recycling system. At present water used to flush the toilets i of the same drinkable quality that comes out of the taps. This is an unnecessary waste of energy used in water purification, A grey water recycling system cleans water that has been used for washing and sends it through the toilet system reducing the use of clean drinking water. ‘New buildings can incorporate many more energy saving features in their design. They can have a timber structure, electronic environmental controls, triple glazing, a non-polluting heating system and a turf roof. However, if you want to make a real difference, 50) you better get insulating! It is how we deal with our present homes and new buildings that will determine ‘our contribution to global warming, I's down to each and every one of us to do our part. Listening 8 You will hear part of an interview about a new kind of employment agreement called ‘personal hours contract’. For questions 1-10, complete the sentences with one to three cs A personal hours contract isa special DL ______] that you have with your employer The system offers the greatest possible degree ial started when small companies thought of the system in order to get (BLT to wor for them. They devised the new system as an [a] ST] to more money. Employees gladly swap high salaries in order to have mor over their routine, People who work at home can't cheat company because theit GL is measured, Anne says that the new system has created a more relaxed inthe ‘workplace Some people don't accept a personal hours contract beceuse they like to have a fel in their jobs. Others are not offered a personal hours contract at all because they lack the [9] ] which they would need, People working from home have to be iplined, have clear targets and be skilled at (10 marks) eens AH some photographs of parts of a house. Talk ‘to each other about the usefulness of ‘each one. Then choose two of them ‘which, in your opinion, are NOT absolutely necessary for a modern home. Speaking 10 1 How useful are the parts of these houses? Which two are NOT absolutely necessary for a modern home? (5 marks) aD Discuss the following questions together in pais. 1. What are the advantages of owning your home rather thar renting one? 2. What do you miss mo: 3. Where in your home do you feel mast comfortable? (10 marks) about your home when you're away’ Writing Iestars next week The group leader has asked you to wrt a report about interesting places the students can vshinthe area during their stay, You should include at least two places that are mply for tourists Write your report in 120-180 words. (19 marks Progress Update How do you rate your progress? Tick (/) the box that applies to you. ] Ox [ould do better Excelent Vocabulary & [Ttistening Speaking Reading waiting = Module 3 © Howis the ttle of the module related to the units? © Are you a fashion victim? Give reasons. Before you start + What is your favourite type of holiday? appearance & character * holiday objects & Listen, read and talk about ... modern trends & fads souvenits A media © signs + fame + holiday experiences & + lifestyestamilies complaints + types of holidays types of roads travel & travellers ask for personal views express lkevdisikes ‘ive reasons spread newslreact to news complain-critiise-apologise compliment interrupt & encourage response Learn how to... # adjectives/adverbs order of adjectives + comparisons = modal verbs related to: Phrasal verbs © fashion = travel + articles, letters/emails, compositions about pros & cons of Write anissue © narratives (1) the pictures. How are they related to ‘Asking for personal views the title? + What do you think of .? ‘© How do you feel about .? + What's your opinion of .? + How do you like .? Expressing kes Expressing distikes b. Which of kind of ke + (absolutely) hate” detestioathercan't these * really likelove bearfcan't stand modern + imrealyvery fond of keen | + 1'm not (very) keen on/ interested in trends and fads ae related to conv interested in + don’t fancy the pictures? + Hind .. really interesting’ | ¢ find... rather boring/dulete fascinating) exciting, ‘Explaining what you don’t like * soap operas chain stores Explaining what you Tike about sth * fast food * beauty about sth + What bothersannoys me the most estaurants treatments + What like most is is * realty shows —_* budget aifines + really like the way # What gets to me is : + keening + credit cards Spee narens esi paar) + Itdoesn't botherme ether way. © t's OK/alright | suppose. ; eS Peles # doesn’t concein me. + dont have an opinion on it. * celebrity gossip junk mail ereealies * designerlabels + graft * plastic surgery ‘ ' 3. ()) Youare going to hear three people giving their opinions on 2% Areany of these trends ‘three of the modern trends from Ex. 1b. Which trends are they ’ particularly popular, rather talking about? ‘unpopular, more or less unknown in . : your country? 4, EOI Poraphrase the quotations below. Do you agree or b. Which of the trends do you feel disagree? Why (not)? Di positive, negative, indifferent sar osy (otlt Ceci i bas about? Use the useful language “If you're not in fashion you're nobody" (Lord Chesterfield) box on the right to discuss in pairs. "It’s only the modern that ever becomes old-fashioned." (Oscar Wilde) How do you fel about soap operas? {im rot very keen on them. What 5 IRTIA in your opinion, which aspects) of modem ving would a annoys me the most s that they show Tash Wer ha prev ana) Beles IRC wo TST, Wn avery unrealistic way of fe met 83 Reading (heading 41a Doyou spend much time watching TV? What programmes do you mostlynever watch? Why? ‘soaps * quiz shows * realty shows ‘= documentaries « films » cartoons ‘sitcoms * news broadcasts # chat shows ‘drama series « sport * music videos A. Pmacelebrity - get me out of here! ITV's show scored its highest ratings last night as almost 7 million viewers tuned in. ‘The stress of spending nearly a week in close contact, ‘with other minor celebrities in almost constant rain in the Australian jungle is beginning to show, with comedienne Rhona Cameron falling out with almost all the fellow participants, ngs rose to just over 8 million after 10 pm as more jewers tuned in to see Uri Geller being chosen to take the daily challenge of eating worms! In this show ‘viewers vote to send someone home every three days. 6) which ten volunteers spend up to BIGBROTHER | two months in @ house in an environment where every single activity is monitored on camera. Theit lives are sereened 24 hours a day, seven days a week on the web, every weekday on ‘Channel 4, witha finale each Friday where one or two participants, chosen by their housemates, are ceremoniously thrown out of the game if they lose viewers’ votes. Their lives and personal moments become the property ofall! The Big Brother formula includes camera work, ‘video, chat-rooms to discuss the latest issues and updates through phones and e-mail, Tt is set to become the most intense live experience ever seen on the wed. B_ Big Brother Big Brother is a new series in ‘Which reality shows are you familiar with in your country? Do you enjoy watching any of ‘them? Why (not)? Inyour opinion, why are realty shows popular? Read the frst paragraph of the atid and find out. Look at the subheadings. In pairs try to guess ‘what each reality show is about, Scan the text and check your answers. The attraction of the genre is hard to explain. But perhaps it could be that orl Wiectetsvutee OCMC etct Keyl Roe Ca enc oe rT eceto ee voce mew kc ReneS oo CRT Cem MTT Fame Academy In this particular show the ‘contestants sing in order to be allowed to stay in a mansion which is heavily guarded, ‘working 17-hour days. The luxurious residence hosts the BBC’s new multi-million pound show Fame ‘Acaclemy which is the latest in a wave of talent shows that has flooded our screens in the last eighteen months. The show features a group of hopeful popstars under the watchful eye of TV cameras around the clock. Viewers vote for one contestant 10, remain in the academy, while two other contestants then choose which one of the remaining contestants is, shown the door. 5 D Survivor Survivor brings us reality TV with some particularly weird contestants, one of whom was caught smuggling meat onto the island in his clothing! In fact, out of the sixteen people marooned. on the South Sea island competing to win the prize, money, there wasn’t one you would feel completely safe sitting next to! ‘The programme is actualy all the better for it. Unless there is a sudden wave against reality TY, it should be a great hit, With swooping helicopter shots and time- lapse photography, the millions spent on the series is evident. The large budget, however, might not be to its advantage as the glossiness detracts from what should be « down-to-earth show about life on a desert island. wOGRGR Hee Owe