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...2
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.....10
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8. ....15
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11. - ...31
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42
13. ......44
.44

1.

- .
.
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,
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. ,

. .
. ,
,
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,
, ,

. ,
.
-
, .

.
- ,

.

:
.
.

. ,
.
.
.

.
( ) (
) .

. .
,
.
2.

-
:

(t,r ) v (t,r )/t (t,r ) (v (t,r ) ) v (t,r ) p(t,r ) v (t,r ) 1 (v (t

(2.1)
2

1 / 3 ,


(t,r )/t ( (t,r ) v (t,r )) 0 ,
(2.2)

r ) t r ( x, y , z )
(t,


v
(t,
r
)
,
, p(t,r ) ,

, , F(t,r )

,
, ,

(v (t,r )) grad ( div ( v (t,r ))) .
,

F(t,r ) (t,r ) g ,
(2.3)

g .
(2.1) , (2.2) .
:

v (t,rS ) 0 ,
(2.4)

v ( 0 ,r ) f ( r ) ,
(2.5)

S , f (r ) .
(2.1) (2.2) :

(t,r ) ( 0 )(t,r ) (1)(t,r ) ( 2 )(t,r ) ( 3)(t,r ) ( j )(t,r ) ,(2.6)


v (t,r ) v ( 0 )(t,r ) v (1)(t,r ) v ( 2 )(t,r ) v ( 3)(t,r ) v ( j )(t,r ) ,(2.7)

p(t,r ) p ( 0 )(t,r ) p (1)(t,r ) p ( 2 )(t,r ) p ( 3)(t,r ) p ( j )(t,r ) ,(2.8)

( j )(t,r ) , v ( j )(t,r ) , p ( j )(t,r ) , j 0,1,2,3, .


,

( 0 )(t,r ) ( 0 ) 0 const ,
(2.9)
( 0 )
( 0 )
v (t,r ) v v 0 const ,
(2.10)

p(t,r ) p ( 0 ) p0 const ,
(2.11)

const , t r ( x, y , z ) .
, .

(2.12)
v ( 0 )(t,r ) v ( 0 ) ( t ) .

(t,r ) , ( 0 )(t,r ) ( 0 ) , (1)(t,r ) (1) , ( 2 )(t,r ) ( 2 ) , ( 3)(t,r ) ( 3) , , ( j )(t,r ) ( j ) ,


,
(2.13)

v (t,r ) v , v ( 0 )(t,r ) v ( 0 ) , v (1)(t,r ) v (1) , v ( 2 )(t,r ) v ( 2 ) , v ( 3)(t,r ) v ( 3) , , v ( j )(t,r ) v ( j ) ,


,
(2.14)

p(t,r ) p, p ( 0 )(t,r ) p ( 0 ) , p (1)(t,r ) p (1) , p ( 2 )(t,r ) p ( 2 ) , p ( 3)(t,r ) p ( 3) , , p ( j )(t,r ) p ( j )


.
(2.15)
, . (2.6)-(2.8)
(2.1)-(2.2) (2.4)-(2.5). (2.9)-(2.15). (2.1) (2.2)
,
.

F
(t,
r ) .

(2.16)
( 0) v (1) /t ( 0 ) (v ( 0 ) ) v (1) p (1) v (1) 1 (v (1) ) ,
( 0)
( 0 ) ( 0 )
(2.17)
/t ( v ) 0 .
:

v ( 0 )(t,rS ) v (1)(t,rS ) 0 ,
(2.18)

( 0 )
(1)

(2.19)
v ( 0 ,r ) v ( 0 ,r ) f ( r ) .

( 0 ) v ( 2 ) /t (1) v (1) /t ( 0 ) (v ( 0 ) ) v ( 2 ) ( 0 ) (v (1) ) v (1) (1) (v ( 0) ) v (1)

p ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) 1 (v ( 2 ) ),

(1) /t ( ( 0 ) v (1) (1) v ( 0 ) ) 0 .

(2.20)
(2.21)

v ( 0 )(t,rS ) v (1)(t,rS ) v ( 2 )(t,rS ) 0 ,


(2.22)

(2.23)
v ( 0 )( 0,r ) v (1) (0,r ) v ( 2 )( 0,r ) f ( r ) .
,
. ,

(2.24)
v v ( 0 ) v (1 ) v ( 2 ) ,
, (2.22)-(2.23), (2.18)-(2.19).

( 0 ) v (3) /t (1) v ( 2 ) /t ( 2 ) v (1) /t ( 0) (v ( 0 ) ) v (3) ( 0 ) (v (1) ) v ( 2 )

( 0) (v ( 2 ) ) v (1) (1) (v ( 0 ) ) v ( 2) (1) (v (1) ) v (1) ( 2 ) (v ( 0) ) v (1)

p ( 3) v (3) 1 (v (3) ),

( 2) /t ( ( 0) v ( 2 ) (1) v (1) ( 2) v ( 0 ) ) 0 .(2.26)

(2.25)

.
.
.

( j ) 0, j 1,2,3, .
(2.27)

(2.28)
( 0) v (1) /t ( 0 ) (v ( 0 ) ) v (1) p (1) v (1) 1 (v (1) ) ,
( 0 )
(2.29)
v 0 .
(1)
, (2.28) 1 (v ) .

( 0 ) v ( 2 ) /t ( 0 ) (v ( 0 ) ) v ( 2 ) ( 0 ) (v (1) ) v (1)

p ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) 1 (v ( 2 ) ),

v (1) 0 .

(2.30)
(2.31)

( 0 ) v ( 3) /t ( 0 ) (v ( 0 ) ) v ( 3) ( 0 ) (v (1) ) v ( 2 ) ( 0 ) (v ( 2 ) ) v (1)

p ( 3) v ( 3) 1 (v ( 3) ),

(2.32)

(2.33)
v ( 2 ) 0 .
.
, (2.29), (2.31), (2.33) ..,

( v ( 0 ) v (1) v ( 2 ) v ( 3) ) 0 .
(2.34)
.
.
(2.12).

0 dv ( 0 ) (t)/dt 0 dr (t)/dt F (t , r ) ,
(2.35)

U(t
,
r
)
F
(
t
,
r
)

U(t
,
r
)/

,
.

0 , . , v ( 0 )
.
, .

, v ( 0 ) ,

. v ( 0 )
.
3. - .
(2.16)-(2.17) (2.18)-(2.19).
.

(3.1)
( 0) v (1) /t ( 0) (v ( 0) ) v (1) p (1) v (1) 1 (v (1) ) ,
( 0)
( 0 ) ( 0 )
(3.2)
/t ( v ) 0 .
( 0 )
(1)
v (t,rS ) v (t,rS ) 0 ,
(3.3)

( 0 )
(1)

(3.4)
v ( 0 ,r ) v ( 0 ,r ) f ( r ) ,
( 0 )
(0)
0 , v v 0 .
(3.5)
, . (3.2)
. ,
(2.31)

v (1) 0 .
(2.31) , .
(3.1)-(3.5)
. .
.
,
.
. ,
i

1
d v (1) ( , k ) exp( t ik r )dk ,
(3.6)

2 i i
k
i

1
p (1) p (1) (t , r )
d p (1) ( , k ) exp( t ik r )dk ,
(3.7)

2 i i
k
i , 0 i 1 ,

, k (k , k , k ) , k cos(k ) , 1 k 1 , 0 k 2 , dk k 2 d k d k .

v (1) v (1) (t , r )

v (1) ( , k ) p (1) ( , k )

v
k
(1)
v ( , , k ) p (1) ( , , k ) , 0
. -
v0 k

.
.
. ,

v (1) ( , r )

(1)

(t , r ) exp( t ) dt

(3.8)

( t , r ) exp( t ) dt .

(3.9)

p (1) ( , r )

p
0

(1)

, , v (1) ( , k ) , p (1) ( , k )
0 i 1 ,

(3.10)

v (1) ( , k ) v0(1) ( , k ) i v1(1) ( , k ) ,

p (1) ( , k ) p0(1) ( , k ) i p1(1) ( , k ) ,

0 , 1

(3.11)
p

(1)
0

( , k ) ,

p ( , k )
(1)
1

(3.12)

v0(1) ( , k ) , v1(1) ( , k )

,

.

k
( k , k , k ) . -

k . .

k .
4. .

(3.1).
(3.5)-(3.7).

, k ,
.
,
,

(1)
(1)
0 v ( , k ) i 0 (v0 k ) v ( , k )
(4.1)

i p (1) ( , k ) k i 2 k 2 v (1) ( , k ) i 2 1 ( k v (1) ( , k )) k .


,
(3.10)-(3.12).

(1)

(1)
(1)
v0 ( , k ) , p0 ( , k ) , v1 ( , k ) ,

p1(1) ( , k ) . ,
.

(4.1)

(1)
(1)
v ( , k ) p ( , k ) , ,

v0(1) ( , k ) p0(1) ( , k ) , v1(1) ( , k ) p1(1) ( , k ) .

v (1) ( , k )

v (1) ( , k ) v p(1-k) ( , k ) k v (1) k ( , k ) k k ,


(4.2)

k k , k ,
k:

k k k 0 ,
(4.3)

k
k,
(4.4)


(1)
(1)
2
v p- k ( , k ) ( v ( , k ) k ) / k ,
(4.5)


(1)
(1)
2
(4.6)
v k ( , k ) ( v ( , k ) k ) / k .

(4.1) k , k k .


0 v p(1-k) ( , k ) i 0 (v 0 k ) v p(1-k) ( , k ) i p (1) ( , k ) i 2 k 2 ( 1 ) v p(1-k) ( , k ) .
(4.7)
k


[ 0 i 0 (v0 k ) k 2 ] v (1) k ( , k ) 0 .

(4.8)

(4.7)
:

(1)
p ( , k ) i ( 0 i 0 (v0 k ) k 2 ( 1 )) v p(1-k) ( , k ) .
(4.8) :
v (1) k ( , k ) 0 ,


0 i 1 k 2 /0 i (v0 k ) , v (1) k ( , k ) 0 .
(4.10),

v (1) ( , k ) v p(1-k) ( , k ) k ,
6

(4.9)
(4.10)
(4.11)
(4.12)

k .

v (1) v (1) (t , r )



1
d v p(1-k) ( , k ) k exp( t ik r )dk

2 i i
k

(4.13)


1
d p (1) ( , k ) exp( t ik r )dk ,

2 i i
k

(4.14)

p (1) p (1) (t , r )

p (1) ( , k ) (4.9).

(4.11)
,

( k ) 0 ( k ) i 1 ( k ) . (3.6) (3.7)

v (1) v (1) (t , r )

p (1) p (1) (t , r )


(1)

( k ) exp( k 2 /0 t i (v0 k ) t ik r ))dk ,

(4.15)



p (1) ( k ) exp( k 2 /0 t i (v 0 k ) t ik r ))dk ,

(4.16)

k :

p (1) ( k ) ( i k 2 1 ) v p(1-k) ( k ) .

(4.17)

(1)
, v1 ( , k ) p1(1) ( , k )

k .
, : (4.9),
(4.13), (4.14) (4.15)-(4.17). ,
.
:

(4.18)
( 0 ) (v ( 0 ) ) v (1) p (1) v (1) 1 (v (1) ) ,

(1)
(1)
0 (v0 k ) v p-k ( k ) p ( k ) i k 2 ( 1 ) v p(1-k) ( k ) .
(4.19)


0 (v0 k ) v (1) k ( k ) i k 2 v (1) k ( k ) .(4.20)

,
(4.20) :
(1)
v k (k ) 0 .


v (1) v (1) ( r )



(1)
(
v
(
k
)

k
)

exp(

i
k
r ) dk ,
p
k

p (1) p (1) ( r )

(4.21)
(4.22)


p (1) ( k ) exp( ik r ) dk .

(4.23)


(1)
2
(1)
p ( k ) ( 0 (v0 k ) i k ( 1 )) v p-k ( k ) .
(4.24)

(4.9), (4.13), (4.14). (4.15)-(4.17)

. k
.
, (4.9), (4.13), (4.14),
(4.15)-(4.17), (4.22)-(4.24),
. , ,
,
.
.

, .
,
, [8,9].
. -.
7

- ,
.

[5] ,
, .

.
5.
.

.


v (1) v (1) ( r )

(v

p (1) p (1) ( r )

(1)
p- k

( k ) exp(ik r ) k ) dk ,

(5.1)


( k ) exp(ik r )dk ,

(5.2)

(1)


(1)
p ( k ) ( 0 (v0 k ) i k 2 ( 1 )) v p(1-k) ( k ) .

ik r .

(5.3)


(5.1).
[5]:

exp(ik r ) (2n 1) (i) g (kr ) P (cos )


,
(5.4)

n 0

k r
g
(kr
)
n
; cos
.
k r

:
Pn (cos )

( n m )! ~ m

Yn ( k / k ) Ynm ( r / r ) .
m n ( n m )!
n

Ynm () Ynm ( , ) Pn ( ) exp(im ) , n m n ,


~
~
m
Ynm ( ) Ynm ( , ) Yn m ( , ) Pn ( ) exp( im k ) , n m n ,
m

(5.5)
(5.6)
(5.7)

( , ) (cos , ) .

1 2 ~ m
4 (n m )!
~m
f
f
Y
(

Y
(

Y
(

Y
(

kf nm , (5.8)
n
k
n
k

1 0
2n 1 (n m )!

k ( k , k , k ) ( k , cos k , k )

k k x e x k y e y k z ez k (sin k cos k ) e x k (sin k sin k ) e y k cos k ez ,

(5.9)
.
.

, ( , ) (cos , )
~
sin cos (1 / 2i ) (Y11 ( , ) Y11 ( , )) ,
(5.10)
~1
1
sin sin (1 / 2i ) (Y1 ( , ) Y1 ( , ))
(5.11)
0
(5.12)
cos Y1 ( , ) .

ex , e y , e z

~
k k x e x k y e y k z e z k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] e x

~
k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] e y k Y10 ( k , k ) e z ,

(5.13)

(n m )! ~ m
Yn (k / k ) Ynm (

n 0
m n ( n m )!
k

~1
~1
1
1
k (1 / 2i ) [Y1 (k / k ) Y1 (k / k )] e x k (1 / 2i ) [Y1 (k / k ) Y1 (k / k )] e y

k Y10 (k / k ) e z } dk ,

(1) (1)
(1)
v v (r ) {v p-k (k ) (2n 1) (i ) n g n (kr )

(5.14)

~
Y11 ( , ) Y11 ( , ) .
~
Y10 ( , ) Y10 ( , ) .

(5.15)
(5.16)


v (1) v (1) ( r )

k 3 dk [ (2n 1) (i ) n g n (kr )
n0

(n m )!

(n m )! Y

m n

m
n

(r / r ))

~
~
~
e x d k d k {(1 / 2i ) [Y1 1 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] Ynm ( k , k ) v p(1-)k (k , k , k )}
1

(5.17)

~
~
~
e y d k d k {(1 / 2i ) [Y1 1 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] Ynm ( k , k ) v p(1-)k (k , k , k )}
1

~
~
e z d k d k {Y1 0 ( k , k ) Ynm ( k , k ) v p(1-)k (k , k , k )}]

C tj,,mn ( k ) d k
1

( n m )! ~ t
~
Y j ( k , k ) Ynm ( k , k ) v p(1-k) ( k , k , k )] .
( n m )!

(5.18)


v (1) v (1) ( r )

k 3 dk [ ( 2n 1) (i ) n g n ( kr )
n 0

{C

0,m
1,n

m n

m
n

(r / r)

( k ) ez (i / 2) [(C1,n1,m ( k ) C11,,nm ( k )) e x (C1,1n,m ( k ) C11,,nm ( k )) e y ]}].

nm ( k ) ( 2n 1) (i ) n {C10,n, m ( k ) e z (i / 2) [(C1,n1,m ( k ) C11,,nm ( k )) e x (C1, n1, m ( k ) C11,,nm ( k )) e y ]} .(5.19)

v (1) v (1) ( r ) dk k 3 [C nm ( k ) Ynm ( r / r ) g n ( kr )] .


n 0 m n k

v0 v0 e z .
(4.24)

(5.20)

v 0 :

p (1) p (1) ( r ) ( 0 (v0 k) k i k 2 ( 1 )) v p(1-k) ( k ) exp(ik r )dk .

(5.21)
(5.22)

n
p p ( r ) dk k 2 {(2n 1) (i ) n [( 0 (v0 k) C10,n,m (k )
(1)

(1)

n 0 m n k

(5.23)

i k 2 ( 1 )) C00,,nm ( k )] Ynm ( r / r ) g n ( kr )}.


C tj ,,m
. ,
n (k )

k Ynm ( k , k )

C10,n,m ( k )

1
[( n m ) Ynm1 ( k , k ) ( n m 1) Ynm1 ( k , k )] ,
2n 1

1
[(n m ) C 00,,nm1 ( k ) ( n m 1) C 00,,nm1 ( k ) .
2n 1

(5.24)
(5.25)

, ,
.

, .
. [9].
.
6.
.
( x, y , z ) ( , , z )
:
x cos , y sin , z z ,
(6.1)
0 , 0 2 , z .
( , , z ) ( , , )
:
r sin , , z r cos .
(6.2)

v (1) v (1) ( r ) [C nm ( ) Ynm ( r / r ) g n ( r )] .


(6.3)
n 0 m n

,
.
k .
(6.4)
n
( r )

( r ) n

g ( r )
v (1) v (1) ( r ) [C nm ( ) Ynm ( r / r ) ( r ) n n
].
(6.5)
( r ) n
n 0 m n
n
n

un ( x, y , z ) K n1,n 2,n 3 (x ) n1 (y ) n 2 (z ) n 3 ( r ) n C nm ( ) Ynm ( r / r ) ,


m n

n1,n 2 ,n 3

n1 0, n 2 0, n3 0, n1 n 2 n3 n .

un ( x, y , z ) K n1,n 2,n 3 ( ) n1 n 2 (z ) n 3 (cos ) n1 (sin ) n 2 ( r ) n


n1,n 2 ,n 3

(6.6)

n1 0, n 2 0, n3 0, n1 n 2 n 3 n .

10

C
n ( ) Ynm ( r / r ) ,
n

m n

.
:
P m ( ) cos m , m 0,1,2, , n;
Ynm ( , ) m n
(6.7)
Pn ( ) sin m , m 0,1,2, , n,
n 0,1,2, , .

g n j ( r1 ) g n j ( r2 ) n 1 / 2
g n ( r )
n 1 / 2

(
n

1
/
2
)

(2 (n j ) 1)

C j ( ) , (6.8)

n
( r )
( r1 ) n
( r2 ) n
j 0
n 1 / 2
( ) - ; r 2 r12 r22 2 r1r2 . r2 r1 ;
( n 1/ 2) - -; C j

r r
cos 1 2 .
r1 r2
. r2 r1 ,
.
C nj 1 / 2 ( )

( 2n j 1)
( n 1)

Pj( n ,n ) ( ) .
( 2n 1)
( n j 1)

Pj( n ,n ) ( ) ( 1) j

( 1) j
dj
2 j

(
1

[(1 2 ) j n ] ,
j
j
2 j!
d

(6.9)
(6.10)

( n ,n )
Pj ( ) .
:
P0( n ,n ) ( ) 1,

P1( n ,n ) ( ) (1 n ) ,
1
[( 2n 2 7n 6) 2 ( n 2)],
2
1
P3( n ,n ) ( )
[( 2n 3 15n 2 37n 30) 3 (3n 2 15n 18) ].
12
P2( n ,n ) ( )

:
2 x2 y2 .
:
r2 2 z2 .
:
C 2n j 11/ 2 (0) 0 .

g n 2 j ( ) g n 2 j (z ) n 1 / 2
g n ( r )
n 1 / 2

(
n

1
/
2
)

(
2

(
n

2
j
)

1
)

C 2 j ( 0) ,

( r ) n
( ) n
(z ) n
j 0
z , z .
(6.5) (6.6) (6.15).


v (1) v (1) (r ) [ K n1,n 2,n 3 ( ) n1 n 2 (z ) n 3 (cos ) n1 (sin ) n 2
n0 m n

(6.11)

(6.12)
(6.13)
(6.14)
(6.15)

n1, n 2 , n 3

2 n 1 / 2 ( n 1 / 2) (2 ( n 2 j ) 1)
j 0

g n 2 j ( ) g n 2 j (z )

C 2n j 1 / 2 (0)].
n
n
( )
(z )

, n3 n n1 n 2 .

v (1) v (1) (r )
(cos )

n1

n0

j 0

(sin )

n2

[2

n 1 / 2

( n 1 / 2) ( 2 ( n 2 j ) 1) C 2n j 1 / 2 (0) K n1, n 2,n 3 ]

n1, n 2 , n 3

(6.16)

g n 2 j ( ) g n 2 j (z )

.
( ) n 3
(z ) n n 3

11

:
n3
g n 2 j ( )

CMRn2 j n 32 p1 g n 2 j n 32 p1 ( ) ,
( ) n 3
p10
g n 2 j (z ) n n 3
CMZ 2 j n 3 2 p 2 g 2 j n 3 2 p 2 (z ) ,
(z ) n n 3
p 2 0
(6.18)
CMRn 2 j n 3 2 p1 CMZ 2 j n 3 2 p 2 .
.

(6.17)

2n 1
g n ( r ) g n 1 ( r ) g n 1 ( r ) .
r


v (1) v (1) ( r )

n 0

j 0

n3

nn3

[2
n1, n 2 , n 3

n 1 / 2

p1 0 p 2 0

( n 1 / 2) (2 ( n 2 j ) 1) C 2n j 1 / 2 (0) K n1, n 2 , n 3

CMRn 2 j n 3 2 p1 CMZ 2 j n 3 2 p 2 ]
g n 2 j n 3 2 p1 ( ) g 2 j n 3 2 p 2 (z ) (cos ) n1 (sin ) n 2 .

(6.19)

H ( n, j , n1, n 2, n3, p1, p 2) 2 n 1 / 2 ( n 1 / 2) ( 2 ( n 2 j ) 1) C 2n j 1 / 2 (0) K n1, n 2, n 3

CMRn 2 j n 3 2 p1 CMZ 2 j n 3 2 p 2 .

v (1) v (1) ( r )

n 0

j 0

n1,n 2 ,n 3

n3

n n 3

(6.20)

[H (n, j, n1, n 2, n3, p1, p 2)]

p1 0 p 2 0

g n 2 j n 3 2 p1 ( ) g 2 j n 3 2 p 2 (z ) (cos )

n1

(sin )

n2

(6.21)

. (cos ) n1 (sin ) n 2
(cos n ) n1 (sin n ) n 2 , n 0,1,2, ; n 0,1,2, .

.

.
.
,
(. [9]).
. , ,
. ,
. ,
.

.
,
. . ,
, .
. [9] ,
: , , , ,
, [6].
, .
( , , ) ( x, y , z )
:
12

x ( d cos ) cos , y (d cos ) sin , z sin ,


0 a , 0 2 , 0 2 , a , , d

.
:

x2 y2 z2

d 2 2 2 d cos

. cos cos ,

x2 y2 z2

d 2 2 2 d cos

.
7.
.

,

. (4.9), (4.13), (4.14), (5.20), (5.23)

i n

(1) (1) 1
3 m
m
v v (t, r ) d { dk k [Cn (, k ) exp( t) Yn (r / r) gn (kr)]} .(7.1)
2 i i n0 mn k

1
p p (t , r )

2 i
(1)

(1)

d { dk k {(2n 1) (i ) [ 0 (v0 k) C ( , k )
i

0 ,m
1,n

n 0 m n k

(7.2)

i ( 0 k ( 1 )) C ( , k )] exp( t ) Y ( r / r ) g n (kr )}.


2

0 ,m
0 ,n

m
n

Cnm ( , k ) , C k ,n ( , k ) C nm (k ) , C k , n (k )
.

(4.15)-(4.17). .

t ,m

v (1) v (1) (t , r ) v (1) ( k ) exp( k 2 /0 t i (v 0 k ) t k r )) dk ,


(1)
(1)
p p (t , r ) (i k 2 1 ) v p(1-)k (k ) exp( k 2 /0 t i (v0 k ) t k r ))dk ,

ik r (i k 2 1 ) .
(5.4)-(5.5)

exp( i (v 0 k ) t )

Pj (cos )

(2 j 1) (i)
j 0

g j (kv0 t ) Pj (cos ) ,

( j t )! ~ t
t
j ( k / k ) Y j (v 0 / v 0 ) ,

( j t )! Y

t j

13


i (v0 k )

t ,m

(7.3)
(7.4)

(7.5)
(7.6)


k v0
cos
.
k v0

v (1) v (1) (t , r )

(i )

dk

j n

{exp( k

/ 0 t )

( 2 j 1) ( 2 n 1)

j 0 n 0 t j m n

( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) Y

t
j

( j t )!

( j t )!

m
(v 0 / v 0 ) Yn ( r / r )}.

( n m )!
( n m )!

~
Y jt ( k

(7.7)

1
2
0,t ,m
( j t )! ( n m )!
D0, j ,n ( k ) dk d k {(i ) j n ( 2 j 1)( 2n 1)

(
j

t
)!
(
n

m
)!
1
0

~
~
~
Y00 ( k , k ) Y jt ( k , k ) Ynm ( k , k ) v (1) ( k , k , k )}.

(7.8)

.

j
n
(1) (1)
2
2
v v (t, r ) dk k {exp( k /0 t ) D00,,tj,,mn (k )
k

g j (kv0 t ) g n (kr ) Y jt (v0 / v0 ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

j 0 n 0 t j m n





v (1) (k ) v x(1) (k ) e x v (y1) (k ) e y v z(1) (k ) e z .

D00,,tj,,mn ( k )

D00,,tj,,mn ( k ) D00,,tj,,mn , x ( k ) e x D00,,tj,,mn , y ( k ) e y D00,,tj,,mn , z ( k ) e z ,

(7.9)

v (1) (k )

0 ,t ,m
0 , j ,n , p

( k ) d k d k {(i ) j n ( 2 j 1)( 2n 1)

(7.10)
(7.11)

( j t )! ( n m )!

( j t )! ( n m )!

~
~
~
Y00 ( k , k ) Y jt ( k , k ) Ynm ( k , k ) v p(1) ( k , k , k )}, p x, y , z.

v0 :

(7.12)
.

v0 v0 e z .

(7.13)

v (1) v (1) (t , r )

dk k 2 {exp( k 2 /0 t )
k

0 ,m

j ,n

( k ) g j ( kv0 t ) g n ( kr ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

(7.14)

j 0 n 0 t j m n

k 2 v p(1-k) ( k ) ( v (1) ( k ) k ) k x v x(1) ( k ) k y v (y1) ( k ) k z v z(1) ( k )

~
~
k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v x(1) ( k )

~
~
~
k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v (y1) ( k ) k Y10 ( k , k ) v z(1) ( k ).

(5.10)-(5.12), (5.15)-(5.16).

14

(7.15)


p (1) p (1) ( t , r ) i 1

(i )

j n

dk {exp( k 2 /0 t )

( 2 j 1) ( 2 n 1)

( j t )!

(n m )

( j t )! ( n m )

~ 1
~1
(1)
[ k (1 / 2i ) [Y1 ( k , k ) Y1 ( k , k )] v x
( k ) k (1 / 2i

~
k Y10 ( k , k ) v z(1) ( k )] g j ( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) Y jt ( v 0 / v 0 ) Y
j 0 n 0 t j m n

Dl f, j,t,n,m, p ( k )

d d
k

[(i ) j n

( j t )! ( n m )!
( 2 j 1) ( 2n 1)

( j t )! ( n m )!

(7.16)

~
~
~
Yl f ( k , k ) Y jt ( k , k ) Ynm ( k , k ) v (p1) ( k , k , k )], p x, y , z.

p (1) p (1) ( t , r ) i 1

dk

{exp( k

/0 t )

{D
j 0

0 ,t ,m
1, j ,n , z

n 0 t j m n

1,t ,m
( k ) (i / 2 ) [ D1,1j,,tn,m
, x ( k ) D1, j ,n , x ( k

( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) Y jt ( v 0 / v 0 ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

(7.17)

, v0 v0 ez ,

p (1) p (1) ( t , r ) i 1

dk

k 3 {exp( k 2 /0 t )

{D
j 0 n 0 t j m n

0 , 0 ,m
1, j ,n , z

,m
1, 0 ,m
( k ) (i / 2 ) [ D1,1j,,0
n , x ( k ) D1, j ,n , x ( k ) D

( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

(7.18)
8. .
, . .

(0)
( 0 ) ( 0 )
(. (2.17)): /t ( v ) 0 .
.

(8.1)
v (1) 0 .
.
.

v (1) v (1) ( r ) v (1) ( k ) exp(ik r ) dk .

(8.2)

(8.2) (8.1). .

v (1) (k ) k 0 v p(1-)k (k ) 0 .
(8.3)
(8.3) ,
:

p (1) p (1) (r ) 0 p (1) (t , r ) 0 .


(8.4)
.
, . .
.
15

, [2].
- .
, .

, v m ,
. .

vm
1 ( vm , t , r )

( ) ( v m , t , r ) t ( v m ) ( v m , t , r )
vm
t
vm
(8.5)

s ( vm vm )
q0 ( t )
2

0 ( vm , t , r ) ( vm ) dvm
( r ),
4
4 r 2

vm

t ( v m ) , v m ,

s ( vm vm ) , v m

, v m
, q0 (t )
,

0 (vm , t, r )

(v

, t , r ) d , v / v .
m
m

m0 v m , m0
, .

(t,r ) div ( (t,r ) v (t,r )) FR ( t , r ) SR(t,r ) ,


t

2
FR(t, r ) {m0 vm [t (vm ) 0(vm,t, r) s (vm vm ) 0(vm ,t, r ) (vm ) dvm ]} dvm

(8.6)

(8.7)

vm

vm

,
.
vm vm ,

2
s (vm vm ) 0 (vm , t, r ) (vm ) dvm el (vm ) 0 (vm , t , r ) ,
(8.8)

vm

el ( v m ) :
el ( vm ) el ( vm vm ) ( vm ) 2 dvm .

vm

FR (t , r )

FR (t , r ) [m0 v m a ( v m ) 0 ( v m , t , r )] dvm .
vm

(8.9)

a ( vm ) t ( vm ) el ( vm ) .

. ,
. , ,
.. ,
.
.
.
16

,
. ,
.
, :
FR(t , r ) 0 .
(8.10)
,
a ( vm ) 1 , a ( v m ) 0 .
(8.11)
,
a (vm ) a ,
(8.12)

FR(t , r ) a (t , r ) v(t , r ) .
(8.13)
:
[3]. , ,
.
:
.
, (8.6) .

. .

, :
-.

.
.
.
,

div ( v (t,r )) a v ( t , r ) SR(t,r ) .


(8.14)
,
. ,

(8.6) . ,

FR (t , r ) . ,

, , a v (t , r ) .
, .
(8.6)

( v x(1)(x)) FR (1) ( x ) SR (1)(x) ,


x

(8.15)

( v x(1)(x)) FR (1) ( x ) (x) .


x

(8.17)

v x (x) x .
, x .
.
SR (1) ( x ) ( x ) .
(8.16)

(1)

,
x . ,

17


C exp(ikx ) e x , x 0,
(8.18)

C exp(ikx) e x , x 0,
C 1 i C 2 , 1 2 . ()
.
(8.17) [ , ].
.

v x(1) ( x)

lim [ ( v x(1)(x))] dx lim FR (1) ( x ) dx lim SR (1) ( x ) dx .


0
0
0
x

(8.19)

, (1) ( x ) FR (1) ( x )
x .

lim FR (1) ( x ) dx lim[ (1) ( ) (1) ( )] 0 .


0

(8.20)

(8.17)

lim [ ( v x(1)(x))] dx lim SR (1) ( x ) dx .


0
0
x

(8.21)

v x(1) (0) lim v x(1) ( x) , v x(1) ( 0) lim v x(1) ( x ) .


x 0

x 0

(8.22)

(8.14).

v x(1) ( 0) v x(1) ( 0) 1 1 1 / 2, 2 0.
(8.23)
,
() .
, (8.21) .

lim [
0

(1)
(v x (x))] dx 0 .
x

(8.24)

, ,
x :

v x(1) ( x ) C exp(ikx) e x .
(8.25)
,
.
(8.15) .
FR (1) ( x ) 0 .
(8.26)

( v x(1)(x)) SR (1) ( x ) .
x

(8.27)

(8.16) ,
x
. ,
x , :

C e x , x 0,
(1)
v x ( x)
(8.28)

C e x , x 0,
C .
(8.27) [ , ]
(8.21). (8.21)

v x(1) ( 0) v x(1) ( 0) 1 1 / 2.
(8.29)
18

, ,

v x(1) ( x ) C e x ,
(8.30)
(8.24).

. (8.21) (8.27) .

lim div ( v (1)(r )) dV lim SR (1) ( r ) dV ,


0
0
VS

VS

(8.31)

lim div (v (1)(r )) dV 0
,
0

(8.32)

VS

V S , r , S
, V S , dV .
,
(8.2), .
.
,

lim v (1)(r ) dS lim SR (1) ( r ) dV ,


0
0
S

VS

(8.33)


lim v (1)(r ) dS 0 ,
0
S

(8.34)

V S , r , S

, V S , dV , dS

S . dS ,
.

, v (1)(r )
.
, , . ,
[6],
.
.
, (8.31) (8.32)

div (v (1) (r )) SR ( r ) ,
(8.35)

div (v (1) (r )) 0 .
(8.36)
(8.25) .
,
.

.
.
()
. .

.

19


(8.31)-(8.34)


v (r ) ( v (t , r ) ), . ,
. , ,
,
(8.6) .
,

. ,
,
.
.
(8.35), (8.36).

(1)
(r ) dS .

v
S

(8.37)

, .
S ,

. r0 .

dS 2 d ( / ) 2 d d ,
(8.38)

- - .

/ .
(8.2) (8.37). , S

r r0 .
1
2


I exp(ik r0 ) [ d d (v (1) (k ) / ) exp(ik ) 2 d d ] dk .

(8.39)


1
2


I 1( , k ) d d (v (1) ( k ) / ) exp(ik ) 2 .
1

(8.40)

r0 .

z v (1) (k ) :


(8.41)
v (1) ( k ) v (1) ( k ) e z .


(v (1) ( k ) / ) v (1) ( k ) .
(8.42)

exp(ik ) ( 2n 1) (i ) n g n ( k ) Pn (cos ) ,
n 0

(8.43)

k
g n (kr ) ; cos
.
k
n
( n m )! ~ m
Pn (cos )
Yn ( k , k ) Ynm ( , ) .
(
n

m
)!
m n

(1)
I1( , k ) 4 i v (k ) k g1 (k ) 2 ,
sin( k ) cos(k )

g1 (k )
.
k
( k ) 2

I1( , k ) 0 .

(8.44)
(8.45)
(8.46)

20

sin( k ) cos( k )
lim I 1( , k ) lim[ 4 i v (1) (k ) k (

)] 0 .
(8.47)
0
0
( k ) 2
k

, , r


lim v (1)(r ) dS 0 .
0
S

(8.48)

lim v (1)(t , r ) dS 0 .
0
S

(8.49)

v (1)(r ) , :


v (1)(r ) dS


.
(8.50)
div ( v (1)(r )) lim S
0
VS
S
.
VS 4 3 / 3 .
(8.51)

sin( k ) cos(k )
3 2
lim I1( , k ) lim[4 i v (1) (k ) k
(

)]
3
0
0
k
4
(k ) 2

sin( k ) cos( k )
(1)
(1)
lim[i v (1) (k ) k 3k (

)]

v
(
k
)

(
v
(k ) k ).
k
0
(k ) 3
(k ) 2

div (v (1) (r )) i [v (1) ( k ) k ] exp(ik r ) dk ,

(8.52)

(8.53)


v (1)(r )

, (8.43), (8.44).

.

(8.50)
(1)

v ( k ) exp(ik r ) , (8.43), (8.44),


(8.53).
, ,

g n (kr ) , , r ,
,

(t,r )
t

(8.6).

,
.

.

, , : r0 (0,0,0) ,
, ,


1
1
SR (1) ( r )
(r) .
2 ( r r0 )
(8.54)
4 ( r r0 )
4r 2

lim v (1)(r ) dS lim SR (1)(r ) dV .


0
0
S

(8.55)

VS

(8.37)-(8.47), :
g n (kr )

21

( ) n n (kr ) . , (8.43)
. ,
sin( k ) cos( k )
n1 ( k )

.
(8.56)
k
( k ) 2
(8.47)

4 i v (1) (k ) k
sin( k ) cos(k )
(1)
2
lim I1( , k ) lim[4 i v (k ) k (

)]
, (8.57)
0
0
k
(k ) 2
k2

v (1) (k ) v0(1) (k ) i v1(1) ( k ) ,


(8.57).

4 v1(1) (k ) k
CR
dk 4 CV1(,11),0 (k ) dk ,
2

k
k
k
1

(8.58)
(8.59)

(1), 0
(1 )
CV1,1 ( k ) d k d k k v1 ( k , k , k ) .

(8.55)
CR 4 CV1(,11), 0 ( k ) dk 1 .

(8.60)

lim v (1)(t , r ) dS lim SR (1)(t,r ) dV .


0
0
S

VS

(8.61)
, .
. , (8.55), (8.61) ,
.

. (8.14).

div( v (1) ) a v (1) 0 .


(8.62)
.
.

(1)

(1)
.
(8.63)
v ( k , r ) v ( k ) exp( k r )

(1)
v ( k ) v p(1-k) ( k ) k .
(8.64)

k a .
(8.65)

. (8.63) (8.62).

(1)
(1)
(8.66)
(v (k ) k ) a v (k ) 0 .

z v (1) ( k ) :


v (1) ( k ) v (1) ( k ) e z .

(8.68)
( v (1) ( k ) k k ) a v (1) ( k ) 0 .

2n 1 ( n m )! ~ m

Yn ( k , k )
4
( n m )!

(8.67)

k k .
k Ynm ( k , k )

1
[( n m ) Ynm1 ( k , k ) ( n m 1) Ynm1 ( k , k )] ,
2n 1

22

(8.69)

k [( n m ) v1mn1 ( k ) ( n m 1) v1mn1 ( k )] ( 2n 1) a v1mn ( k ) ,

(8.70)

v nm (k ) d k d k [

2n 1 (n m )! ~ m

Yn ( k , k ) v (1) (k , k , k )] .
4
( n m )!

,
v00 ( k ) C ( k ) v00 ,

(8.71)

(8.72)

v00 1.

vnm ( k ) C ( k ) Ynm ( 1 , 1 ) ,
1 a / k , a k , 1 .

(8.73)


YNm1 ( 1 , 1 ) 0 , N 1 m N 1 ,
(8.74)
N

.
, (13.5)
. . ,
(13.14), .
[9].
,
,
. ,
,
.
,
.

k .
.
- (
) ,
.
.

.
.
,
. ,

.
, .



div (v (t , r )) 0 , .

,

v (1) (k ) exp(ik r ) .
,
.
.
,

,
.
23

,
.
, ,
-:
, .
.
,

div ( v (t,r )) 0
(8.75)
[1], .
(8.62) .
- ,
.
.
,
.

.
lim[
0

(t,r ) dV ] lim
( (t,r ) v (t,r )) dS .

VS

(8.76)

, [1].

(t,r ) dV

VS


( (t,r ) v (t,r )) dS .
S

(8.77)

(t,r ) dV

VS


div ( (t,r ) v (t,r )) dV .

(8.78)

VS


(t,r )
div ( (t,r ) v (t,r )) 0 .
t
(8.79)



div ( v (t,r )) 0 .

(8.80)

9. -.

SR (t , r )
,
- ()

0 v (1) /t 0 (v0 ) v (1) p (1) v (1) 1 (v (1) ) ,


(9.1)
(1)

(9.2)
v SR (1) (t , r ) .
,

(9.3)
SR (1)(t,r ) 0
(9.1)-(9.2)
,
. .

.

v (1) v (1) (t , r )

1
v (1) ( , k ) exp( t k r ) ddk ,

2 i k

24

(9.4)


p (1) p (1) (t , r )

1
2 i

(1)

( , k ) exp( t k r ) ddk .

(9.5)


.


exp( k r )

(2n 1) ( 1)
k 0


exp( k r )

(2n 1) gm
k 0

gmn ( k r ) Pn (cos ),

(9.6)

( k r ) Pn (cos ),

gmk (k r ) (
); cos
,
gm1 ( )

ch
sh
2 .


k r
.
k r

(9.7)

lim v (1)(t , r ) dS 0 .
0

(9.8)

div ( v (1)(t , r )) 0 ,
(9.9)
.
, -
.
,

k .

(9.10)
SR (1)(t,r ) 0 ,

( )
. ,

.
,
:
gmn ( ) i n g n (i );
nmn ( ) i k 1 nn (i );

(9.11)

hmn(1) ( ) i n hn( 2 ) (i );
hmn( 2 ) ( ) i n hn(1) (i ),


gmn (i ) ( i ) n g n ( );
nmn (i ) ( i ) n 1 nn ( );

(9.12)

hmn(1) (i ) ( i ) n hn( 2 ) ( );
hmn( 2 ) (i ) ( i ) n hn(1) ( ).

(1)
( 2)
gmn ( ) , nmn ( ) , hmn ( ) , hmn ( )
(1)
(2)
, , ; g n ( ) , nn ( ) , hn ( ) , hn ( )
, , ; i

25

; n 0,1,2, . ,
.

1
3
3 ch
ch
sh
sh
2 ; gm 2 ( ) sh ( 3 )
; gm1 ( )
;
.

sh ch
1
3
3 sh
ch
2 ; nm 2 ( ) ch ( 3 )
nm0 ( )
; nm1 ( )
;
2
gm0 ( )

(9.13)

(9.14)

exp( )
3
3
exp( )
exp( )
1
(1)
(1 2 ) ;
hm0(1) ( )
(1 ) ; hm2(1) ( )
; hm1 ( )
.(9.15)

exp( )
3
3
exp( )
exp( )
1
( 2)
(1 2 ) ;
hm0( 2 ) ( )
(1 ) ; hm2( 2) ( )
; hm1 ( )
. (9.16)

, .

. :
gmn ( ) (1 / 2) [hmn(1) ( ) hmn( 2 ) ( )];
(9.17)
nmn ( ) (1 / 2) [hmn(1) ( ) hmn( 2 ) ( )].
hmn(1) ( ) gmn ( ) nmn ( );
(9.18)
hmn( 2 ) ( ) gmn ( ) nmn ( ).

:
wn 1 ( ) wn 1 ( )

2n 1

wn ( ) ;

(9.19)

dwn ( )
n
wn 1 ( ) wn ( ) ;
(9.20)
d

dwn ( )
n 1
wn 1 ( )
wn ( ) ;
(9.21)
d

1
d
wn 1 ( ) n 1 [
( n 1 wn ( ))] ;
(9.22)

d
d 1
wn 1 ( ) n [
(
wn ( ))] ,
(9.23)
d n
wn ( ) ; n 0,1,2, .

.
,
( , )
.

m
Yn ( , ) , , ,
. ,
Ynm ( , ) , [5, 6].
,
,
.
,
( , ) .
,
,
. (9.19)(9.23).
26


. ,
.
. ,
, , .
.
, (9.1)-(9.2) ,
, ,
, , . ,

.
,
.
. ,
,
.
, , ,
(9.1)-(9.2), (2.1)-(2.2).
- ,
, .
,
.
, - ,
,
, (
exp(0 t ) , exp(kr ) , k ).

.
.
[7]. ,

.

.
- ( )

.

.
.
, .

, .
, .

. ,
,
. ,
.
, ,
, ( ).

27


. .
10.
-. .
(3.1)-(3.2)
:

v 0 v (1)(t,rS ) 0 ,
(10.1)

v0 v (1)( 0 ,r ) f ( r ) .

(10.2)

(7.1) (7.9):

(1) (1) 1
3 m
m
v v (t, r ) d { dk k [Cn (, k) exp( t) Yn (r / r) gn (kr)]} .
2 i i n0 mn k
j
n
(1) (1)
2
2
v v (t, r ) dk k {exp( k /0 t ) D00,,tj,,mn (k )
k

g j (kv0 t ) g n (kr ) Y jt (v0 / v0 ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

j 0 n 0 t j m n

(10.3)

(10.4)

-
, .
.
[4],
. ,
, .. ,
-. ,
. (10.1), (10.2)
, f (t )
.
, (10.3), (10.4)
t [0, ) . (10.1) (10.2)
. .
, ,

rS . k
k .
k g n (kr )
g n ( kv0 t ) .

0 v (1) /t 0 (v0 ) v (1) p (1) v (1) 1 (v (1) ) 0 g ,


(10.5)

g .
. .
(4.13).

p (1) p (1) (t , r )



1
d p (1) ( , k ) exp( t ik r ) dk 0 g r .

2 i i k

.
28

ik r .

(10.6)


(4.14) (10.6) (10.5).

(1)
p ( , k ) (4.9):


p (1) ( , k ) (i 0 0 (v0 k ) i k 2 ( 1 )) v p(1-k) ( , k ) .
(10.7)

g r .

r x ex y e y z ez

i {e x

(1)

( k x ) exp( i k x x ) dk x e y

ez

(1)

(1)

( k y ) exp( i k y y ) dk y

( k z ) exp( i k z z ) dk z } i { dk x

(k x ) (k y ) (k z ) ex (k x )

i k ( k ) exp( ik r ) dk ,

(1)

(1)

dk dk
y

exp(i ( k x x k y

(k y ) (k z ) e y (k x ) (k y )

(10.8)
(1)

( k j ) - [4, 6], j x, y, z ,

dk dk x dk y dk z ,




ey
ez
( k ) ( k x ) ( k y ) (k z ) , k e x
k x
k y
k z

- :
x j i

(1)

( k j ) exp(i k j x j ) dk j

(10.9)

(1) (k j )

1
2

i x

exp(i k j x j ) dx j ,

(10.10)


k k1 e x k 2 e y k 3 e z , r x1 e x x 2 e y x3 e z .

j 1,2,3 ,
.
( x j x j )

1
2

exp(i k

( x j x j )) dk j .

(10.11)

(10.9). (10.10).
i

(1)

( k j ) exp(i k j x j )) dk j

( x j x j ) dx j

1
2

dk x
j

exp(i k j ( x j x j )) dx j

( x j x j ) dx j x j .

const exp( t ) dt const / .

(10.12)

i

i
(k )
g r
d exp(t ik r ) ( g k )
dk .
2 i i k

.
(10.6)
(. (7.2)):

29

(10.13)

(1)

(k


p (1) p (1) (t , r )

1
2 i

d exp( t ) {
n 0

[ 0 (v 0 k)) C

0, m
1, n

dk

[( 2 n 1) (i ) n

m n k

( , k ) i ( 0 k

( 1 )) C 00,,nm ( , k

1
(1 m )! ~ m
0

g r
Y1 ( g / g ) Y1m ( r / r )},

m 1(1 m )!
(10.14)


1 (1 m )!

g r
~

Ynm ( g / g ) Ynm (r / r ) .

g r m 1(1 m )!

g g e z ,
(1)
(1)

(10.15)

p p (t , r )
i

n
1

d exp( t ) { dk k 2 [(2n 1) (i) n

2 i i
n 0 m n k

(10.16)

[ 0 (v0 k)) C ( , k ) i ( 0 k ( 1 )) C ( , k )] g n (kr ) Y (r / r )]


0,m
1, n

0,m
0,n

m
n

g r Y10 (r / r ),

v0 ( t ) g t .
(10.17)

0 g .
(10.17) . (7.9) (7.17),
v0 g t / 2 .
j
n
(1) (1)
2
2
v v (t , r ) dk k {exp( k /0 t ) D00,,tj,,mn ( k )
k

g j (kg t 2 / 2) g n ( kr ) Y jt ( g / g ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

p (1) p (1) ( t , r ) i 1

(10.18)

j 0 n 0 t j m n

dk

k 3 {exp( k

/0 t )

{D
j 0

n 0 t j m n

0 ,t ,m
1, j ,n , z

1,t ,m
( k ) (i / 2 ) [ D1,1j,,tn,m
, x ( k ) D1, j ,n , x ( k

( kg t 2 / 2 ) g n ( kr ) Y jt ( g / g ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

(10.19)
11. - .
-

v ( 2 ) /t (1) v (1) /t ( 0 ) (v ( 0 ) ) v ( 2 ) ( 0 ) (v (1) ) v (1) (1) (v ( 0) ) v (1)


(11.1)

p ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) 1 (v ( 2 ) ),

(11.2)
(1) /t ( ( 0 ) v (1) (1) v ( 0 ) ) 0 .
( 0)

:
30

v ( 0 )(t,rS ) v (1)(t,rS ) v ( 2 )(t,rS ) 0 ,


(11.3)

v ( 0 )( 0 ,r ) v (1)( 0 ,r ) v ( 2 )( 0 ,r ) f ( r ) .

v ( 0 ) v0 ,
i

v (1) v (1) (t , r )
d v (1) ( , k ) exp( t ik r )dk ,

2 i i
k

(11.4)
(11.5)
(11.6)

( 0 ) 0 ,

(11.7)

(1) (1) (t , r )

v ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) (t , r )

1
( 2 i ) 2


1
(1 )
d

,
k
)

exp(

i
k
r )dk ,
2 i i k
i

(11.8)

d v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) exp(( ) t i ( k k ) r ) dk dk ,

k ,k

(11.9)

(2)

p ( 2 ) (t , r )

( 2 i ) 2



.
d p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) exp(( ) t i ( k k ) r ) dk dk

(11.10)


k ,k

(11.2). .


(11.11)
(1) ( , k ) i 0 ( k v (1) ( , k )) i (1) ( , k ) ( v0 k ) 0 .

(1)

(
k

v
(

,
k
))
0
(1) ( , k )
.
(11.12)

i (v 0 k )


(11.1)


( 2 )
(1)

(1)
0 ( ) v ( , , k , k ) ( , k ) v ( , k ) i 0 ( v ( 0 ) ( k k ))


v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) i 0 ( v (1) ( , k ) k ) v (1) ( , k ) i (1) ( , k ) (v0 k ) v (1) ( , k )
(11.13)



i p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) ( k k ) i 2 ( k k ) 2 v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k )


i 2 1 ( v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) ( k k )) ( k k ).

0 [ i (v 0 (k k )] v ( 2) ( , , k , k )

[ (1) ( , k ) ( i (v 0 k )) i 0 (v (1) ( , k ) k )] v (1) ( , k )


(11.14)



i p ( 2) ( , , k , k ) (k k ) i 2 (k k ) 2 v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k )


i 2 1 (v ( 2) ( , , k , k ) (k k )) (k k ).

, , , k , k

0 [ i (v 0 ( k k )] v ( 2) ( , , k , k )

(1 / 2) [ (1) ( , k ) ( i (v 0 k )) i0 (v (1) ( , k ) k )] v (1) ( , k )

(1 / 2) [ (1) ( , k ) ( i (v0 k )) i0 (v (1) ( , k ) k )] v (1) ( , k )





i p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) ( k k ) i 2 ( k k ) 2 v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k )


i 2 1 (v ( 2) ( , , k , k ) ( k k )) ( k k ).

(11.15)

exp(( ) t i ( k k ) r )

, , k , k , (11.1).
:
31


a k k ,


b ( k k ) ( k k ) k (( k k ) k ) k (( k k ) k )


k ( k k ( k ) 2 ) k ( k 2 k k ),

c k k .

(11.16)

.
A ( B C ) B ( A C ) C ( A B ) .

( 2 )
v ( , , k , k ) a , b c :



(11.17)
v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) v a( 2) ( , , k , k ) a vb( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) b v c( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) c ,

(
2
)
(
2
)


v ( , , k , k ) a ( 2 )
v ( , , k , k ) b
v a( 2 ) ( , , k , k )
, vb ( , , k , k )
,
2
a
b2


v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) c
( 2)
.
vc ( , , k , k )
c2

v (1) (. (4.12)):

v (1) ( , k ) vp(1-)k ( , k ) k .
(11.18)

k k .
(11.15)

0 [ i (v0 ( k k )] v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k )



(1 / 2) (1) ( , k ) ( i (v0 k )) v p(1-)k ( , k ) k



(1 / 2) (1) ( , k ) ( i (v 0 k )) v p(1-)k ( , k ) k


i (1 / 2) 0 v p(1-)k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k ) (k k ) ( k k )



i p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) (k k ) i 2 ( k k ) 2 v ( 2) ( , , k , k )


i 2 1 (v ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) (k k )) ( k k ).

c .




[ 0 ( i ( v0 ( k k )) ( k k ) 2 ] v c( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) 0 .


( 2 )
v c ( , , k , k ) 0 .

(11.19)

b:


[ 0 ( i (v0 (k k ))) (k k ) 2 ] vb( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) b 2



(1 / 2) [ (1) ( , k ) ( i (v 0 k ))] v p(1-)k ( , k ) ( k b )



(1 / 2) [ (1) ( , k ) ( i (v0 k ))] v p(1-)k ( , k ) ( k . b )

(11.19)

(11.20)
(11.21)

(11.22)

(11.16).



[ 0 ( i (v 0 ( k k ))) ( k k ) 2 ] vb( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) b 2



(1 / 2) [ (1) ( , k ) ( i (v0 k ))] v p(1-)k ( , k ) [(k k ) 2 (k k ) 2 ]



(1 / 2) [ (1) ( , k ) ( i (v0 k ))] v p(1-)k ( , k ) [(k k ) 2 (k k ) 2 ].

(11.12).


v p(1-)k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k )
.
v1 p b ( , , k , k )
b2

v
1
(

,
k
, k )
0
p

b

vb( 2) ( , , k , k )

2 [ 0 ( i (v0 (k k ))) (k k ) 2 ]


2
2
i (v 0 k )
2
2
2 i (v 0 k )
2
{( k )
[(k k ) (k k ) ] k
[(k k ) (k k ) ]}.
i (v 0 k )
i (v 0 k )
,
32

(11.23)

(11.24)

(11.25)

vb( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) 0,

v p( 2)b ( , , k , k ) 0.

(11.26)

(11.19)
a :

0 [ i (v0 (k k ))] v a( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) (k k ) 2

i
0 v p(1-)k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k )
2




i (v0 k )
2
2
2 i (v 0 k )
2
[(k )
(k k k ) k
(k k (k ) )]
i (v0 k )
i (v 0 k )


i 0 (1)
i
v p-k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k ) (k k ) (k k ) 2
2

i p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) (k k ) 2 i 2 (k k ) 4 v a( 2 ) ( , , k , k )

i 2 1 v a( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) (k k ) 4 .




0 [ i (v0 (k k )) ( 1 ) (k k ) 2 ] v a( 2) ( , , k , k ) (k k ) 2

i
0 v p(1-)k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k )
2




i (v 0 k )
2
2
2 i (v 0 k )

k (k ) 2 )]

[(k )

(
k

k
)

(
k

i (v0 k )
i (v 0 k )


i 0 (1)

v p-k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k ) (k k ) (k k ) 2
2

i p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) (k k ) 2 .

(2)
p a

v1


v p(1-)k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k )

.
( , , k , k )
(k k ) 2

(11.27)

(11.28)

(11.29)







( 2)

p ( , , k , k ) i [ 0 ( i ( v0 ( k k ))) ( 1 ) ( k k ) 2 ] va( 2 ) ( , , k , k )



0
i ( v0 k )
2
2

v1 p a ( , , k , k ) [( k )
( k k k )
2
(11.30)
i ( v0 k )


i ( v0 k )
0 (1)
2
k2
v p-k ( , k ) v p(1-k) ( , k ) ( k k ).
( k k ( k ) )]
2
i ( v0 k )
. ,

i i
( 2)

1
( 2)

[
v
(

,
k
,
k
)

v
(

,
k
, k ) b ]
a
b

( 2 i ) 2 i i
(11.31)
k ,k

exp(( ) t i ( k k ) r ) dk dk .

v ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) (t , r )

:
IR1

1
( 2 i ) 2

d [v a( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) ( k k ) exp(( ) t i ( k k ) r ) dk dk .

k ,k

(11.32)
(5.4), (5.5), (5.13), (5.15), (5.16).

33

1
( 2 i ) 2

IR1

n 0

j 0

m n


d [ v a( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) exp(( ) t )

k ,k

( n m )!

( 2n 1) ( 2 j 1) ( n

( j f )!

( i ) n j
( j f )!

~
~
g n ( kr ) g n ( k r ) Ynm ( k , k ) Y j f ( k , k ) Ynm ( r / r ) Y j f ( r / r )
~
~
~
~
{(1 / 2i ) [ k Y11 ( k , k ) k Y11 ( k , k ) k Y11 ( k , k ) k Y11 ( k , k
~
~
~
~
(1 / 2i ) [ k Y1 1 ( k , k ) k Y11 ( k , k ) k Y11 ( k , k ) k Y11 ( k , k )

~
~
[ k Y10 ( k , k ) k Y10 ( k , k )] e z } dk dk .

f j

m )!

(11.33)
:
C lt,, jf, ,ph,,nm ( , , k , k )

d k

d k d k
0

(n m )! ( j f )! ~ t
~
Yl ( k , k ) Y j f ( k , k )
f )!

d [ (n m )! ( j
k


~
~
Y ph ( k , k ) Ynm ( k , k ) v a( 2 ) ( , , k , k )].

(11.34)

,m
,m
C jf,n
( , , k , k ) ( 2 n 1) ( 2 j 1) ( i ) n j {[ k C 00,, jf,1, 0
(
,n

1,m
,m
(i / 2 ) [[ k C 00,, jf,1,
( , , k , k ) k C 00,, jf,1,1,n
( , , k , k )
,n

, 0 ,m
k C11,, jf, 0
( , , k , k ) ] e x
,n

1,m
,m
[ k C 00,, jf,1,
( , , k , k ) k C 00,, jf,1,1,n
( , , k , k ) k C1,1j,,
,n

, 0 ,m
k C11,, jf, 0
( , , k , k )] e y ]}.
,n

(11.35)

i i
1
IR1
d d exp(( ) t )
( 2 i ) 2 i i
j

C jf, n,m ( , , k , k ) g n (kr ) g n ( k r ) Ynm ( r / r ) Y j f ( r / r ) k 2 ( k ) 2 dkdk .


n 0

j 0

m n

f j k ,k

(11.36)
:
1
IR 2
( 2 i ) 2




d [vb( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) b exp(( ) t i (k k ) r ) dk dk . (11.37)

k ,k

(5.4), (5.5), (5.13), (5.15), (5.16), (11.16).


,

b k ( k k (k ) 2 ) k (k 2 k k ) (k k ) (k k ) k (k ) 2 k k 2 .

1 (1 h )!

~
k k k k
Y1 h ( k / k ) Y1h ( k / k ) .
h 1 (1 h )!

34

(11.38)
(11.39)

1
( 2 i ) 2

IR 2

n 0

j 0

( 2n

m n

Ynm ( r / r ) Y

f
f
j

k ,k

1) ( 2 j

~
( r / r ) Ynm ( k , k

~
~
Y1 1 ( k , k ) k Y1
~
~
(1 / 2i ) [ k Y1 1 ( k , k ) k Y1
~
~
, k

[ k Y10 ( k , k ) k Y10 ( k
~ 1
2
[(1 / 2i ) [ k ( k )
Y1
( k , k )

~1
2
, k
)] e x
k k
Y1 ( k
~
2
(1 / 2i ) [ k ( k )
Y1 1 ( k , k )

~
, k
)] e y
k k 2 Y11 ( k
~
[ k ( k ) 2 Y10 ( k , k ) k k 2

[ (1 / 2i ) [ k

(11.40)
:
2

( n m )! ( j f )! ~ t
Yl ( k , k )
f )!
(11.41)
1
0
1
0

~r
~f
~h
~s
~m
(2)
Yd ( k , k ) Y j ( k , k ) Y p ( k , k ) Yl ( k , k ) Yn ( k , k ) vb ( , , k , k ].
1

Dlt,,dr ,, fj ,,ph ,,ls,,nm ( , , k , k )

d k

d k dk

d [ (n m )! ( j
k

Dlt,,dr ,, fj ,,ph,,ls,,nm ( , , k , k ) Dlt,,dr ,, fj ,,ph,,ls,,nm .

,m
D jf,n
( , , k , k ) ( 2 n 1) ( 2 j 1) ( i ) n

(1
h 1 (1
1

h , 0 , f ,h , 0 ,m
k D1,1
] ez
, j ,1, 0 ,n

h , 0 , f , h , 1,m
h , 0 , f ,h ,1,m
1
(i / 2 ) [[ k D1, 0
k D1, 0
k D1,1h,,j,1
, j ,1,1,n
, j ,1,1,n

h , 0 , f ,h , 1,m
h , 0 , f ,h ,1, m
h , 1, f ,h , 0 ,m
[ k D1, 0
k D1, 0
k D1,1

, j ,1,1,n
, j ,1,1,n
, j ,1, 0 ,n

, 0 , 0 ,m
0 , 0 , f , 0 , 0 ,m
[( k ) 2 k D00,,00,, jf, 0
k 2 D0
] ez
,1,n
,1, j , 0 , 0 ,n
, 0 , 1, m
0 , 0 , f , 0 ,1,m
(i / 2 ) [[( k ) 2 k D00,,00,, jf, 0
( k ) 2 k D0
,1,n
, 0 , j , 0 ,1, n

2
0 ,1, f , 0 , 0 ,m
k
k D0 ,1, j , 0 , 0 ,n ] e x
0 , 0 , f , 0 , 1,m
0 , 0 , f , 0 ,1, m
[( k ) 2 k D0
( k ) 2 k D0
k
, 0 , j , 0 ,1,n
, 0 , j , 0 ,1,n

(11.42)

i i
1
IR 2
d d exp(( ) t )
( 2 i ) 2 i i
j

D jf, n,m ( , , k , k ) g n ( kr ) g n ( k r ) Ynm ( r / r ) Y j f ( r / r ) k 2 (k ) 2 dkdk .


n 0

j 0

m n

f j k ,k

(11.43)

A jf, n, m ( , , k , k ) C jf,n, m ( , , k , k ) D jf, n,m ( , , k , k ) .

35

(11.44)

n 0

j 0

m n

1
d d exp(( ) t )
(2 i ) 2 i i
j

A jf, n,m ( , , k , k ) g n (kr ) g n (k r ) Ynm (r / r ) Y j f (r / r ) k 2 (k ) 2 dkdk .

v ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) (t , r )

f j k ,k

(11.45)


, vb( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k )

vp(1-)k ( , k ) (11.25).
( k , k ) ( k , k ) ,
(11.25).
(11.16) (11.24).

vb( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) [ 0 ( i (v 0 (k k ))) (k k ) 2 ] [ i (v0 k )] [ i (v 0 k ]



[(k k ) (k k ) k (k ) 2 k k 2 ] 2 i ( 0 / 2) v p(1-)k ( , k ) v p(1-)k ( , k )






{(k ) 2 [ i (v 0 k )] [(k k ) 2 (k k ) 2 ] k 2 [ i (v 0 k )] [(k k ) 2 (k k ) 2 ]}.

(11.46)


Ynm ( k , k ) Y j f ( k , k ) , .
(11.10)

p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) (t , r )

1
( 2 i ) 2


k ,k

( n m )! ( j f )!


d [ p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) exp(( ) t )

(2n 1) (2 j 1) (n m )! ( j

( i ) n j

(11.47)

f )!

~m
~f
m
g n (kr ) g n (k r ) Yn ( k , k ) Y j ( k , k ) Yn ( r / r ) Y j f (r / r )] dk dk .
n 0

j 0

m n

f j

f ,m
j ,n

( , , k , k )

d k

n j
d k [(2n 1) (2 j 1) (i )


~
~
Ynm ( k , k ) Y j f ( k , k ) p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k )].

(n m )! ( j f )!

(n m )! ( j f )! (11.48)

p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) (t , r )

n 0

j 0

1
( 2 i ) 2

m n

f j k ,k

f ,m
j ,n

d exp(( ) t )

( , , k , k ) g n ( kr ) g n ( k r ) Ynm ( r / r ) Y j f ( r / r ) k 2 ( k ) 2 dkdk .

(11.49)
,
(11.29)-(11.30).


( 2)
p ( , , k , k ) [ i (v0 k )] [ i (v0 k )] [k k ]2



i [ 0 ( i ( v0 (k k ))) ( 1 ) (k k ) 2 ] va( 2 ) ( , , k , k )


(11.50)
0 v p(1-k) ( , k ) vp(1-k) ( , k ) [( k ) 2 [ i (v0 k )] (k 2 k k )
2

k 2 [ i ( v0 k )] (k k (k ) 2 )] 0 v p(1-k) ( , k ) v p(1-k) ( , k ) (k k ).
2
,
Ynm ( k , k ) Y j f ( k , k ) ,
.
36

(1) (. (11.8))
i
i

1
1
(1)
(1) (1) (t , r )
d

,
k
)

exp(

i
k
r
)
d
k

d exp( t )
2 i i k
2 i i
(11.51)

n

~m
n ( n m )!
m
(1)
( 2n 1) (i )
g n ( kr ) Yn ( k / k ) Yn ( r / r )) ( , k ) dk .

( n m )!
n 0 m n k


1
2

( n m )! ~ m
R ( , k ) d k d k [( 2n 1) (i ) n
Yn ( k , k ) (1) ( , k )] .
( n m )!
1
0

(11.52)

(1)

1
(t , r )
d exp( t ) R( , k ) g n (kr ) Ynm (r / r )) k 2 dk . (11.53)
2 i i
n 0 m n k
(1)

(1) ( , k ) v (1) ( , k ) (11.12).


(1)


(1)
(11.54)
( , k ) [ i (v0 k )] i 0 ( k v ( , k )) .

( 0 ) v ( 2 ) /t (1) v (1) /t ( 0) (v ( 0 ) ) v ( 2 ) ( 0 ) (v (1) ) v (1) (1) (v ( 0 ) ) v (1)


(11.55)

p ( 2) v ( 2 ) 1 (v ( 2 ) ) (1) g ,


p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) ( t , r ) (1) (t , r ) ( g r ) .
(11.56)

p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) (t , r ) (1) (t , r ) g ( g r ) (1) (t , r ) .
(11.57)

(11.57) (11.55), (1) (t , r ) g

, ( g r ) (1) (t , r ) .
(10.13) (11.8),

( g r ) (1) (t , r )

i
(k )
( k )
(1)
(1)
d d 2 [ ( , k ) ( g k ) k ( , k ) ( g k ) k ] (11.58)
i i
k ,k


exp(( ) t i (k k ) r ) dk dk .
1

(2 i ) 2

. i (k k ) r .

k k .

i
(k )
(k )
(1)
(1)
(11.59)
IG [ ( , k ) ( g k )
k ( , k ) ( g k )
k].

b
(11.22).

( 2)
vb ( , , k , k ) .

a (11.27).

p ( 2 ) ( , , k , k ) . .
. (11.20)

(11.60)
0 ( i ( v 0 ( k k )) ( k k ) 2 0 .
, -
. (4.11)
37


( k ) 0 ( k ) i 1 ( k ) k 2 /0 i (v0 k ),


( k ) 0 ( k ) i 1 ( k ) ( k ) 2 /0 i (v0 k ).

(11.61)


(11.60)

(11.62)
( k k ) 0 .
(11.29)-(11.30)

k 4 ( k ) 4

p ( 2 ) ( k , k ) i [ 0 (1 ( k 2 ( k ) 2 ] v a( 2 ) ( k , k ) 0 v p(1-k) ( k ) v p(1-k) ( k ) 2
.
(11.63)
2
k ( k ) 2
(11.12)

i ( ) 2 ( k v(1) ( k )) i ( 0 ) 2 vp(1-k) ( k )
(1)
0
.
(11.64)
(k )

k2

,
(4.15)-(4.17):

v ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) (t , r )


,

( k 2 ( k ) 2 ) t

v ( 2 ) ( k , k ) exp[
i (v0 ( k k )) t i (( k k ) r )] dk dk

0
k ,k

p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) (t , r )


,

( k 2 ( k ) 2 ) t
p ( 2 ) ( k , k ) exp[
i (v0 ( k k )) t i (( k k ) r )] dk dk

0
k ,k

p ( 2 ) ( k , k ) (11.63).

(11.65)

(11.66)


(1) (1) (t , r ) (1) ( k ) exp( k 2 /0 i (v 0 k ) ik r ) dk ,

(11.67)

(1) ( k ) (11.64).

ik r .
(5.4)-(5.5) (7.5)-(7.6).

v (2)

v ( 2 ) (t , r )


j 0

n 0

t j m n


k ,k


i (v0 k )


(k
dk dk {exp(

j1


j 1 0 n 1 0

n1

(i )

(
0

j n j 1 n1

t 1 j 1 m1 n1

( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!

( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!

~
~
~
~ 1
Y jt ( k / k ) Ynm ( k / k ) Y jt11 ( k / k ) Ynm
(k / k
1

( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) g

(11.68)

1, m1, s ,t ,m
Gls11,,jt1
( k , k )
, n 1,l , j , n

d k

j1

( k v 0 t ) g n1 ( k r ) Y

d k

d k

d k {(i )

j n j1

( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!
~

Yl s ( k ,
( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!

~ s1
~
~ 1
,k
) Y jt11 ( k
, k
) Ynm
,k
) v ( 2) (k , k ,
Yl 1
( k
( k
1

(11.69)

38

v ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) (t , r )

dkdk k

( k ) 2

k ,k

j
j1

n1
( k ( k ) 2 ) t
(11.70)
) G00,,tj11,,mn11,,00,,tj,,mn ( k , k )
0
j 0 n 0 t j m n j10 n10 t 1 j1 m1 n1

g j ( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) g j1 ( k v0 t ) g n1 ( k r ) Y jt ( v0 / v0 ) Ynm ( r / r ) Y jt11 ( v0 / v0 ) Ynm1 1 ( r / r )}.


v ( 2 ) ( k , k )



v ( 2 ) ( k , k ) v x( 2 ) ( k , k ) e x v (y2 ) ( k , k ) e y v z( 2 ) ( k , k ) e z .
(11.71)
2

{exp(

G00,,tj11,,mn11,,00,,tj,,mn ( k , k )

0,t1,m1,0,t ,m
0,t1,m1, 0,t ,m
0,t1,m1, 0,t ,m

1, 0 ,t ,m

G00,,tj11,,m
n1, 0 , j ,n ( k , k ) G0 , j1,n1, 0, j ,n , x ( k , k ) e x G0 , j1,n1, 0 , j ,n , y ( k , k ) e y G0, j1,n1, 0 , j ,n , z ( k , k ) e z ,(11.72)

,t 1, m1, s ,t , m
)
Gls11
, j 1, n 1,l , j ,n , p ( k , k

d k

d k

d k

d k {(i )

( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!
~

Yl s (
( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!
~ s1
~
~ 1
2)
, k
) Y jt11 ( k
, k
) Ynm
, k
) v(
Yl 1
( k
( k
(k , k
1
p

(11.73)

v 0 :

v0 v0 e z .

v ( 2 ) v ( 2 ) (t , r )

dkdk k

(11.74)

( k ) 2

k ,k

{exp(

n
( k ( k ) 2 ) t
)
0
j 0 n 0 t j m n
2

j1

n1

0,t1, m1,0, t , m

j1 0 n1 0 t 1 j1 m1 n1

0, j1, n1, 0 , j , n

( k , k ) (11.75)

g j ( kv0 t ) g n ( kr ) g j1 ( k v0 t ) g n1 ( k r ) Y ( r / r ) Ynm1 1 ( r / r )}.


m
n

(11.63), (11.66).
:

k 2 v p(1-k) ( k ) ( v (1) ( k ) k ) k x v x(1) ( k ) k y v (y1) ( k ) k z v z(1) ( k )

~
~
k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v x(1) ( k )

~
~
~
k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v (y1) ( k ) k Y10 ( k , k ) v z(1) ( k ).

(11.76)


( k ) 2 v p(1-k) ( k ) ( v (1) ( k ) k ) k x v x(1) ( k ) k y v (y1) ( k ) k z v z(1) ( k )

~
~
k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v x(1) ( k )

~
~
k (1 / 2i ) [Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v (y1) ( k )

~
k Y10 ( k , k ) v z(1) ( k ).

(11.77)





va( 2 ) ( k , k ) ( k k ) 2 v ( 2 ) ( k , k ) ( k k )



v x( 2 ) ( k , k ) ( k x k x ) v (y2 ) ( k , k ) ( k y k y ) v z( 2 ) ( k , k ) ( k z k z )

~
~
~
~
v x( 2 ) ( k , k ) (1 / 2i ) [k (Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )) k (Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k ))] (11.78)

~
~
~
~
v (y2 ) ( k , k ) (1 / 2i ) [k (Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )) k (Y11 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k ))]

~
~
v z( 2 ) ( k , k ) [k Y10 ( k , k ) k Y10 ( k , k )].

(5.10)-(5.12), (5.15), (5.16), (11.16),


(11.17). . ,
, .
39

, , .
(11.66). , ,
.

p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) (t , r )


.

( k 2 ( k ) 2 ) t
p ( 2 ) ( k , k ) exp[
i (v0 ( k k )) t i (( k k ) r )] dk dk

0
k ,k

p ( 2 ) (t , r )

p (2)


j 0

n 0

t j m n

(11.79)

(k
{exp(

dk dk


k ,k

j1

n1


j 1 0 n 1 0

(i )

j n j 1 n 1

t 1 j 1 m1 n 1

( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!

( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!

~
~
~
~ 1
Y jt ( k / k ) Ynm ( k / k ) Y jt11 ( k / k ) Ynm
(k / k
1

( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) g

(11.80)

s1,t 1,m1, s ,t ,m
Pl 1
( k , k )
, j 1,n1,l , j ,n

d k

j1

( k v 0 t ) g n1 ( k r ) Y

d k

d k

d k {(i )

j n j1

( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!
~

Yl s ( k ,
( j t )!
( n m )!
( j1 t1 )!
( n1 m1 )!
~ s1
~
~ 1
, k
) Y jt11 ( k
, k
) Ynm
, k
) p ( 2) (k , k ,
Yl 1
( k
( k
1

(11.81)

p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) (t , r )

dkdk k

( k ) 2

k ,k

j
j1

n1
( k ( k ) 2 ) t
(11.82)
) P00, ,jt11,,nm11,0,0, ,jt,,nm ( k , k )
0
j 0 n 0 t j m n j10 n10 t 1 j1 m1 n1

g j ( kv0 t ) g n ( kr ) g j1 ( k v0 t ) g n1 ( k r ) Y jt ( v0 / v0 ) Ynm ( r / r ) Y jt11 ( v0 / v0 ) Ynm1 1 ( r / r )}.

, v0 v0 ez ,

p ( 2 ) p ( 2 ) (t , r ) dkdk k 2 ( k ) 2

{exp(

k ,k

j
j1

n1
( k ( k ) 2 ) t
) P00, ,jt11,,nm11,0, 0, ,jt,,nm ( k , k ) (11.83)
0
j 0 n 0 t j m n j10 n10 t 1 j1 m1 n1

g j ( kv0 t ) g n ( kr ) g j1 ( k v0 t ) g n1 ( k r ) Ynm ( r / r ) Ynm1 1 ( r / r )}.


2

{exp(

(1) , (11.64), (11.76).

(1)

(1)

(t , r )
n

(i )
j 0

i ( 0 ) 2
k2
j n

n 0 t j m n

d k

d k

( 2 j 1) ( 2 n 1)

( j
( j

~
~
(1)
[ k (1 / 2i ) [Y1 1 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v x
~
~
1)
k (1 / 2i ) [Y1 1 ( k , k ) Y11 ( k , k )] v (
y

~
(1)
k Y10 ( k , k ) v z
( k )] g j ( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr )

(11.84)

40

f ,t ,m
l , j ,n , p

d d

(k )

[(i ) j n ( 2 j 1) ( 2n 1)

( j t )! ( n m )!

( j t )! ( n m )!

~
~
~
Yl f ( k , k ) Y jt ( k , k ) Ynm ( k , k ) v (p1) ( k , k , k )], p x, y , z.

(11.85)

(1)

(1)

i ( 0 ) 2
(t , r )

{R
j 0

0 ,t , m
1, j , n , z

n 0 t j m n

dk k {exp( k

/0

1,t ,m
1,t , m
( k ) (i / 2 ) [ R1
, j , n , x ( k ) R1, j ,n , x ( k

( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) Y

t
j

( v 0 / v 0 ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

(11.86)

, v0 v0 ez ,

(1)

(1)

i ( 0 ) 2
(t , r )

{R
j 0

n 0 t j m n

0 ,t , m
1, j , n , z

dk k {exp( k

/0 t )

1,t , m
( k ) (i / 2) [ R1,1j,,tn,m
, x ( k ) R1, j , n , x ( k )

( kv 0 t ) g n ( kr ) Ynm ( r / r )}.

(11.87)
.
(11.70), (11.82), (11.86) v0

v0 g t / 2 .
(11.88)
.
, . ,
, .
.
,
,
.
12.
.
, ,
(11.2) .
.
VS ( ) 0 . ,
lim[
0

VS ( )

(t,r ) dV ] 0 ,
t

(12.1)


0 .

lim ( ( 0 ) v (1) (1) v ( 0 ) ) dS 0 .


0

(12.2)

lim div( ( 0) v (1) (1) v ( 0) ) dV 0 .


0

(12.3)

VS ( )

, (12.2), (12.3)
.
41


( ).
(12.2) (12.3) ,
( 0 ) .
,
-,
.

.

div ( v ( 2 ) ) a v ( 2 ) 0 .
(12.4)

(12.5)
v ( 2 ) ( k , k , r ) v ( 2 ) ( k , k ) exp( ( k k ) r ) .


( 2 )
(2)
(12.6)
v ( k , k ) va ( k , k ) a ,

a k k .

a a .
(12.7)
,
a 2 k cos( / 2) ,
(12.8)

(k k )
cos
.
k2
k a .

cos( / 2) 1 / 2 / 2 .
(12.9)

, a , k ,
45 .

,
(1)

( 2 )
v ( k , k ) v ( k ) v (1) ( k ) e z .

,

( k , k ) 0 .
(12.10)
(12.8)
ak.
(12.11)

a k 45 .


( 2 )

( v ( k , k ) a a ) a v ( 2 ) ( k , k ) 0 .(12.12)

v nm ( k , k ) C ( a ) Ynm ( 2 , 2 ) ,
(12.13)

2 a a 1 , a a , 2 0 1 , 0
a
k
.
,
(8.74)
YNm1 ( 2 , 2 ) 0 , N 1 m N 1 ,
(12.14)
N .
, (12.14) , (8.74).
,
.
45 .
42

(11.3), (11.4)
.

k , k

. .
.
13.
-
,
.
[9].
,
. ,
,
. ,

, , ,
.
.

,
. ,

.

1. .., .. : 10-
. 6. . -8- , , .: , 2001 .
2. .., .. : 10-
. 10. . -8- , , .: , 2001 .
3. .., ..
. 2- , , .: ,
- , 1966.
4. .. : . 5- , ,
.: , - , 1988.
5. .., .. . .: ,
1984.
6. .., .. . - .:
. - , 1984.
7. . . : . , 1988.
8. .. .
. :
http://www.atominfo.com
43

9. .. . ,
. :
http://www.atominfo.com.

44

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