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, e-mail: Gretchihin@yandex.ru

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, e-mail: phti@tut.by

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, , e-mail: maratovna81@tut.by
DOI: 10.5937/vojtehg63-7721

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29

, . . , pp. 2941

VOJNOTEHNIKI GLASNIK / MILITARY TECHNICAL COURIER, 2015., Vol. LXIII, No. 3

. ,
. , . , .
30- . (, 1952). , (. 1).
1 ,

Tabela 1 Metode prorauna i rezultati odreivanja izjednaenog rastojanja,
energije disocijacije i efektivnog punjenja molekula vodonika
Table 1 Calculation methods and the results of determining equalized distance,
dissociation energy and efficient hydrogen molecule charge

1. -
2. -
3.
4.
5. (1)
(2)
6.
7.
5-
11-
13-

Re,
0,80
0,73
0,76
0,77
0,77
0,75

D,
3,2
3,47
3,6
3,76
4,0
4,1
4,02

0,74
0,74
0,7395

4,507
4,685
4,698
4,722 0,013
4,73 0,04

'

Z
1,193
1,166
1,193
1,190
1,19

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31

, . . , pp. 2941

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VOJNOTEHNIKI GLASNIK / MILITARY TECHNICAL COURIER, 2015., Vol. LXIII, No. 3

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;
;

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.


-
, . 1. , , ,
:

a , b = a ,1b , 2 + a , 2 b ,1 .

(1)

r
1

R
1 -
Slika 1 ema binarne interakcije
Figure 1 Binary interaction scheme

32

A( B )

Z
=
n

1/ 2

exp ra (b )
n

(2)

Z* n* -

.
Z* = 1 n* = 1. ra = rb =
0,529 , Ra,b = Re = 0,7395 .

.
(2) , .

(1)
:


H a ,b = E a ,ba ,b ,

(3)

H - ; Ea , b - .
:

1
1
1
1
H =

+
+
.
ra , 2
rb ,1
r1 , 2
R a ,b

33

(4)

, . . , pp. 2941

VOJNOTEHNIKI GLASNIK / MILITARY TECHNICAL COURIER, 2015., Vol. LXIII, No. 3

r1,2

ra,1
ra , 2

rb ,1

rb , 2

2 -

Slika 2 ema interakcije jednog para estica elektrona A i B u binarnom pribliavanju
Figure 2 Scheme of the interaction of one pair of electron particles A and B in binary bonding

Ra,b
.
. 2 .
(3) , (1) (4), :

W =

H 1,1 + H 1, 2
1+ S

(5)


H 1,1 = a* ( ra ,1 ) b* ( rb , 2 )H a ( ra ,1 ) b ( rb , 2 ) d 1 d 2


H 1, 2 = a (ra , 2 )b (rb,1 ) H a (ra , 2 )b (rb,1 )d1 d 2

S=

(r
*
a

a ,1

) b* ( rb , 2 ) a ( ra , 2 ) b ( rb ,1 )d1d 2 .

,
, ( . 1952).

*
a

(ra ,1 )b* (rb, 2 )

1
a (ra , 2 )b (rb ,1 )d 1 d 2 ,
r1, 2

34

(6)

1
1
= G G G = ra,1Ra,(b +1) P (cos ),
r1, 2
R (ra rb ) = 0

(7)

P (cos ) . Ra , b , (7) , .., .


(5) . , , . - :

U (r ) =

a
b
+ 12 ,
6
r
r

(8)

b -
(8) , ..,

a = 2 E Ra6,b ; b = E Ra12,b .

(9)

. 2.
(. 1). ,
.
2 ,
,
Tabela 2 Vrednost kovalentne, jonske i indukovane veze pri uzajamnoj interakciji eV
Table 2 Value of the covalent, ionic and induction bonding at the mutual interaction eV

Ra,b,
0,7395

.
3,19

0,598
0,911

.,,
4,70

.,.
4,730,04

S ,
.

35

, . . , pp. 2941

, 1 / r1, 2

VOJNOTEHNIKI GLASNIK / MILITARY TECHNICAL COURIER, 2015., Vol. LXIII, No. 3


. , .
( ., . 1978.)
,
4. .
,
, , , .
.
( . 1965).
.
. , .
, . :

2 rn
,
vn

(10)

rn vn n-
.
.
-

k
:

Z e 2

2 0 hn
vk =
Z e 2

2 h l (l + 1)
0

l = 0;
,

(11)

l 1;

n ;
; h ;

36

l (l + 1) ,

l 1
.

n =

EH
; Z = S / 2,
i k

(12)

, i
; k
2
; S = 4 0 r i / e
,
i r .
1 2 , :

P1 =

2
,
1
1 + 2 1 + 2

(13)

P2 =

1
.
1
1 + 2 1 + 2

(14)

, .

:

= P1 + P2 .

(15)

(13) (15), , 0,5


.
, . -

37

, . . , pp. 2941

, Z .
-

VOJNOTEHNIKI GLASNIK / MILITARY TECHNICAL COURIER, 2015., Vol. LXIII, No. 3


: 1
1 S, 2 S.
,

E. =

2 P1 P2 S (1 S )e 2
.
4 0 Ra ,b

(16)

, (16) , . 2. 3,79 . , (. 1).

1)
.
, ,
.
1(1-S). , 2(1-S). , .

E .

2 P1 P2 (1 S ) 2 e 2
=
(1 D)
4 0 0,5 Ra ,b

(17)

D .
(17) . 2.
. ,
, .
1)


,
.

38


( . . 2004) ( . . 2008), ( . ., . .,
. . . 1990).
:
1. :
)
; )
, ) ..

(1) (2).
-, .
2.
.
3.
,
.
4. - - .



, . ( . . 2012).

,
, .

39

, . . , pp. 2941

VOJNOTEHNIKI GLASNIK / MILITARY TECHNICAL COURIER, 2015., Vol. LXIII, No. 3

. ,
.
.

/ Literature
, . 1952. . (
).: ., .279. (Gombas, P.1952. Theory and method solution of many particle problems in Quantum mechanics. Mir, p.270).
, .. 2004. . ,
, ..: ""., .399.
(Gretchikhin, L.I. 2004. Physics of nanoparticles and nanotechnologicals. General foundations, mechanical, thermal and emission properties. Mn.: UP Technoprint, p.399).
, .. 2008. .:
., .406. (Gretchikhin, L.I. 2008. Nanoparticles and nanotechnologicals.
Mn.: IOOO Law and Economics, p.406).
, .., , .., , .., & ., 1990.

. , 3, .76-81. (Gretchikhin, L.I., Vasilenko, A.G., Spiridonov, N.V. and others. 1999. Increase of adhesives connection gas-thermal
surface ways and means of the laser radiation. /Physics and Chemistry process, 3, pp.76-81).
,
..
2012.

. . : XXI //. XIX


- . 17-22
2012 . 3- . : ., .195-197 (Gretchikhin, L.I., 2012. The thickness condition basis of nanotechnologicals. In: Mechanical engineering and technical
region XXI century //Proceedings ofXIX International Scientific Technical Conference in
Sevastopol 17-22 September 2012 j. in 3 volumes. Donetsk: DonNTU. V. 1, pp.195-197).
, . 1965. .: ., .426. (Coulson, C. 1965. Valence. M.: Mir, p.426).
, ., & , . 1978. ..: ., .683. (Poling, L., & Poling, P.1978. Chemistry. M.: Mir, p.683).

INDUKOVANI POTENCIJAL IZMEU INTERAKTIVNIH ESTICA


U NANO NIVOIMA

Leonid I. Greihin , Svetlana D. Latukina , Vikentija . Komarovskaja

Beloruska dravna vazduhoplovna akademija, Minsk,


Republika Belorusija,
b
Fakultet fizike i tehnikih nauka NAN Belarusije, Minsk, Republika
Belorusija,

Beloruski nacionalni tehniki univerzitet, Minsk, Republika Belorusija


OBLAST: nanomaterijali
VRSTA LANKA: originalni nauni lanak
JEZIK LANKA: ruski

40

U lanku je objanjena pojava stvaranja potencijalne barijere na


pragovima razdvajanja estica u interakciji. Stvaranje potencijalne barijere u kontaktnoj zoni znatno poveava vezanu energiju binarne interakcije. U radu su navedene razliite vrste interakcija relevantne za
stvaranje energije binarne veze.
Kljune rei: binarna interakcija, potencijalna barijera, vezana energija.

INDUCED POTENTIAL BETWEEN INTERACTING PARTICLES


AT NANOLEVELS

Leonid I. Gretchihin , Svetlana D. Latushkina , Vikentiya M. Komarovskaya


Belarusian State Academy of Aviation, Minsk, Republic of Belarus,
b
Physico-Technical Institute, National Academy of Sciences,Minsk,
Republic of Belarus

Belarusian National Technical University, Minsk, Republic of Belarus

FIELD: Nanomaterials
ARTICLE TYPE: Original Scientific Paper
ARTICLE LANGUAGE: Russian

Summary:
One has substantiated the existence of a potential barrier at the
interface of interacting particles. The formation of the potential barrier
in the contact area significantly increases the binding energy of the binary interaction. It has been shown which sets of different interactions
should be taken into account when establishing the energy of binary
binding.
Key words: binary interaction, potential barrier, binding energy.
Datum prijema lanka / Paper received on / : 12. 02. 2015.
Datum dostavljanja ispravki rukopisa / Manuscript corrections submitted on /
: 14. 03. 2015.
Datum konanog prihvatanja lanka za objavljivanje / Paper accepted for publishing on /
: 16. 03. 2015.

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