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Bluetooth

IEEE 802.15
EC - 7113
Chinmay Chakraborty
BIT Mesra, Deoghar

Bluetooth Was Originally a CableReplacement Technology

In the Office

You arrive at the


office

While in a
meeting,
When inspecting
equipment,

On the road

You arrive at the


airport
You enter the
airport waiting
lounge,
You get on the
rent-a-car bus,

History
Harald Bluetooth : 10th century Danish King, managed to unite
Denmark and Norway
Bluetooth SIG (Special Interest Group) :
Founded in 1998 by : Ericsson, Intel, IBM, Toshiba and
Nokia
Currently more than 2500 adopter companies
Created in order to promote, shape an define the
specification and position Bluetooth in the market place
Current specification : Bluetooth 1.2

Documentation

Specification describes
how the technology works,
i.e., the Bluetooth protocol
architecture.

Profiles describe how


the technology is used, i.e.,
how different parts of the
specification can be used
to fulfill a desired function
for a Bluetooth device.

Bluetooth Specification Protocol Stack

Bluetooth Profile Structure

Radio Specification
PDU Format:
The Bluetooth system is operating in the 2.4 GHz ISM
(Industrial Scientific Medicine) band. The regulatory range of
this frequency band is 2.400 2.4835 GHz.
The Bluetooth radio accomplishes spectrum spreading by in 79
hops displaced by 1 MHz.
Radio modulation uses GFSK.
Operating frequency bands:
0 1 2
2.402 GHz

78
2.480 GHz

Baseband Specification

There is one master


and one or more
slaves in each piconet

Packet format:

Service Discovery Protocol Specification

Protocol Data Unit format:


PDU ID: identifies the type of PDU
Transaction ID: uniquely identifies request PDUs and is used to
match response PDUs to request PDUs
Parameter Length

Bluetooth Design and Development Tools

Design tools:
tools RF and digital design tools,
simulators, and other tools
Development tools:
tools including modules, chipsets,
digital kits, protocol implementations and other
tools
Testing/Evaluation tools

Key Features
Robustness
Low complexity
Low power: battery powered
Low cost: about $5

Fast acknowledgement
Fast frequency hopping scheme
Shorter packets