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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

1. Slave Trade
2. Dilemma
3. Middle Passage
4. Triangular Trade
5. Slave Auctions
6. Overseer
7. Spiritual
8. Griot

Lesson 8.1 Facing Slavery


1619 Dutch traders brought first Africans to the English
colonies in North America

Millions of Africans were enslaved during the 18th


century

Enslaved workers were treated as if they were the


owners property

Most slaves worked on plantations in Southern Colonies


Use of slaves made plantations profitable


Laws said babies born to slaves were slaves


1808- became illegal to bring slaves into the US... the


slave population still grew

1860- there were 4 million slaves





Lesson 8.2 West Africa in 1500s


Large area between Sahara Desert and Atlantic Ocean.


Covered by grassland or rain forest

Most people farmed, mined, traded, or made crafts


African society was based on family and ancestors


Small villages vs. Big cities


Spoke many languages


Most people lived in freedom but that would change when


European slave traders came









Lesson 8.3 Dilemma One: Trading Slaves for Guns


West Africans had enslaved workers as servants. Had


some rights could own land and become skilled workers

American plantations needed workers. European slave


traders traded cloth, rum, salt, and guns for slaves

Africans became wealthy by trading slaves


Village that had guns was more powerful. Other villages


needed to trade slaves for guns to protect themselves


Lesson 8.4 Slave Trade: the Choices


Refuse slave trade war. Capture the people and make
them slaves

Wage war, capture and sell prisoners. Capture children


They had to participate or be captured and sold yourself


Should they trade slaves for guns?



Lesson 8.5 Dilemma Two: Surviving the Middle Passage


Slave journey was terrible: chained and marched


hundreds of miles to coast, then loaded on slave ship

Middle Passage second of 3 stage trip across Atlantic


Ocean. It took 21-90 days

Awful Conditions: bugs, lice, rats, chained, sores, serious


illness

10-12 million slaves. 15/100 died


Triangular Trade
o Europe
o West Africa
o Americas

Lesson 8.6 The Middle Passage: The Choices


First time slaves saw white men they thought they were
going to eat them

Kill themselves, refused to eat, jump overboard


Losing slaves meant losing money, so the slave traders


tried to keep the slaves alive

Some slaves tried to revolt and take over the ship


Most slaves tried to keep enough energy to survive


Lesson 8.7 Dilemma Three: Living as a Slave in the Colonies


Sold in Scrambles each slave same price buyers would


run in and grab the slave they wanted

Slave auctions stood on block and people bid on them.


Sold away from family

Got a new name


Overseer shouted orders in unfamiliar language
Unfamiliar tools
Beat, whipped, burned, killed

Work 16 hours a day. Walk an hour to get to the field.


Work. Walk an hour to get home to small cabin with straw
bed and rag blankets

Lesson 8.8 Slave Life: The Choices


Some slaves tried to run away. Those that were captured


were severely punished

Some slaves were difficult: pretended to be sick, broke


tools, set fires, or even hanged themselves

Some slaves tried to work hard so they would be treated


well

House slaves were treated the best on the plantation


Field slaves were treated the worst on the plantation