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. .

2003
1

. :
, 2003. 67 .
ISSN 1295-4918
,

1990 2002 .
.

. ., 2003
. ., 2003
, 2003
2

1990

1
1. log x +1 ( x 2 + 2 x 1) > 0 .
2 x 1

2.

x 1
> |3 x| .
x+4

## 3. cos 2 x + cos 2 2 x = cos 2 3x + cos 2 4 x .

4. , b.
, , m .
5. V
. , , ,
.

1. log x +

5
2 x 3

2.

( x 2 + 2 x 3) > 0 .

x +1
> |2 x|.
x+3

## 3. sin 2 x + sin 2 2 x + sin 2 3 x + sin 2 4 x = 2 .

4. , d. , , m
.
5. ,
, .
, ,
S, .
3

1991

1

1. f ( x) = x 2 4 x + 2 | 4 x x 2 | .
2. a,
sin x + cos x = sin a + cos a [0; ] .
x
3. lg sin < lg cos x , 2
[0; 2] .
4. a,
,

4
b. ,
.
5. ,
y = x x 2 . .

1. f ( x) = | 6 x + x 2 | 6 x x 2 + 3 .
2. a,
3
sin x cos x = sin a cos a ; .
2 2
x
3. log 1 cos < log 1 cos x , 2
2
2

[0; 2] .
4. a,

, , 4
b. , .
5. ,
y = 2 x + x 2 . .
4

1992
, ,

1

1. f ( x) = 2lg | x | | 2 + lg x 2 | .
1
1
= sin x .
2
2
1 log 4 x 1
3.
.
1 + log 2 x 2
2.

cos x

4. R
S. .
5.
.
.

1. f ( x) = 4log 2 | x | | 4 log 2 x 4 | .
1
1
+ cos x =
+ sin x .
2
2
1 + log 3 x
3.
4.
1 log 9 x

2.

4. P , R. .
5.
. . ,
,
.
5

1993
, ,

1

1. f ( x) = x 2 4 | x | + 3 .
2. log 3 x + log x 9 = 3 .
3. 3tg 2 x 8cos 2 x + 1 = 0 .
4. 13
18 .
?
5. ,
. .
, .

1. f ( x) = 2 | x | x 2 1 .
2. log 2 x + log x 16 = 4 .
3. 2 tg 2 x + 4cos 2 x = 7 .
4. 13
18 30 .
?
5. ,
.
.
.

1994
, ,

1

1. f ( x) = x 2 x 2 | x 2 1| + 1 .
2. log x 100 +

1
= lg x .
6

1 + tg 2 x
.
4
4. ,
96 2 54 2 . .
5. a. .
3. sin x =

1. f ( x) = x 2 + 4 | x 2 4 | 2 2 x .
2. log x 1000 = lg x +

2
.
15

3. 4cos x = 1 + ctg 2 x .
4. ,
6 8 .
.

5.
b. .

1995
, ,

1

1. f ( x) = | x 2 |1 + 2 x || .
2. log 2 ( x 1) + log 2 x 1 .
3.

3x 2 + x 1 = 3 .

4. cos x = cos x + .
2

5. ABCD O r. ,
, OA = a OD = b .

1. f ( x) = | x 2 | 2 x 1|| .
2. log 3 ( x + 2) + log 3 x 1 .
3.

2x 2 + x 2 = 3 .

4. sin x = sin x .
2

5. ABCD
O r. , OA = a .
O .

1996
, ,

1

1. f ( x) =

4 x +1 + 2 x 3
.
3 2x+2

3
2. sin x sin 3x = cos 2 x .
2

3. 7 x 2 x = 1 .
4. f ( x) = a | x 1| + bx + 2 ; a, b \ .
a b , [0; 2] 1 , 3.
5. R .
, ,
m.

1. f ( x) =

32 x +1 5 3x + 2
.
3x +1 2

3
2. cos x cos3x = cos 2 x .
2
3. 6 + x + 2 x = 3 .
4. f ( x) = a | x + 1| + bx + 1 , a, b \ .
a b , [2; 0] 2 , 2.
5. R b . .
9

1997
, ,

1

1. R
V1 V2 .
T, ,

.
2. | 5 x 4 | 5 = 2 x 3 .
1

= cos 2 x .
2
6

x 1
+ log 4 x 2 .
4. f ( x) = log 2
x
5. AB ABC ABD. AB
n =
, , BAC

CD
AB CD .

3. cos 4 x +

1. R V1 V2 . T, ,
.
3
2. | 5 x 2 | = 2 x 1 .
2
1

3. cos 4 x = sin 2 x .
2
6

x +1
+ log 9 x 2 .
4. f ( x) = log 3
x
5. BC
ABC
BC
n =
, , CBD
BCD.
10

1998
, ,

1

1. Oxy , | y | x 2 + x = y + | x 2 x | .
2.

x
2 x2 + 5x
.
=
x +1
x+2

3. log x (1 + x) log x2 (4 3 x x 2 ) .
1
1
+
= 0.
cos x sin 3 x + sin x
5. , 13 , , 60 ,
24 .
4.

1. Oxy ,
|1 x 2 | y = 1 x 2 + | y | .
2.

x
x2 x
=
.
2x 5
2 x

3. log x (4 x 1) log x2 ( x + 1 2 x 2 ) .
1
1
+
=0.
sin x cos 3 x cos x
5. , 5 , , 8 ,
4 2 .

4.

11

1999

1

1. a, b, c, 4,
. , , .
2

2.
3.
4.
5.

x
x

3
3

2
4 x 1 8x 2 x 3

=
.
x
x
3x +1 + 5 x 1
2.

5 x 3x
ABCD .
R. AB DC M.

,
n
AMD = ,
BMC, r.

1. a, b, c, 6 ,
. , , .
2

2.
3.
4.
5.

x
x

## cos 2 x 2 2 sin x 2 = cos + sin cos x .

3
3

2
x + 1 2 x 2 x 10

=
.
x 1
x2
2 x +1 2 3x 1 1
.

9 2 x 4 3x 3
ABCD . AD BC N. ABN, , AB = a CD = b .
12

2000

1

1. a,
2
a2
22 x x = 2
.
a 1
1
1.
2.
2x + 3 x + 5
x
3. log 2 log x
= log 2 log 3 x + 1 .
27
9
4.
.
1.
51. ,
, 6.

## 5. sin x + cos x + = cos x .

3
6

1. a,
2
a+2
.
3x + 2 x = 2
a 2a
1
1
2.
.
3x + 4 x + 10 2
x
= log 3 log 2 x + 1 .
3. log 3 log x
16
4
4.
.
2.
15. , ,
6.

## 5. sin x cos x = 2cos x .

6
3

13

2001
,
,

1

1. . ,
:
,
, .
,
, ,
8 .
2.

1 3 tg x
= ctg 2 x ctg x .
2sin 2 x(2sin x 1)

## 3. log x + a 2 < log x 4 , ,

). - : 0 < a <

1
.
4

1
.
4
4. ABC : AB = 5 , BC = 8 ,
AC = 7 . A
O , OAB, AOC BOC, .
.
5. ,
). : a >

13 .

14

5,

10

1. . ,
, . , ,
, , 6 ,
8 .
2.

3 ctg x 1
= ctg 2 x + tg x .
2sin 2 x(2cos x 1)

## 3. log x + a 3 < log x a 9 , ,

). - : 0 < a <

1
.
8

1
). : a > .
8
4. ABC : AB = 5 , BC = 8 ,
AC = 7 . A
O , AB, BOC AOC, .
.
5. ,

2 5 5.

15

13 ,

2002

1

1. ,
log 3 2 + log 5 8 .

log15 127

2. | x3 4 x 2 + 5 x 2 | = x 1 .
3. cos x = 3sin 3 x cos3 x .
4. Oxy ,
:
| x + y | 1
.
2
2
x + y x + y.
5. a,
. ,
, ( ). , ,
.
2

1. ,
log 4 3 + log 7 9 .

7 log14 2

2. | x 3 4 x 2 + x + 6 | = x + 1 .
3. sin x = 7 3 cos3 x sin 3 x .
4. Oxy ,
:
| x y | 1
.
2
2
x + y + 2( x + y ) 0.
5. h b. ,

( ). ,
, .
16

1990

1. : (1 3; 1 2) (1 + 3; 2) .

x < 1 2
x +1

1
1
0 <
<x<2
2x 1

2
x2 + 2 x 1 > 0

x
> 2 .
1:

:

x +1
>1

1 + 3 < x < 2
2x 1
x2 + 2 x 1 > 1

x +1
<1
1

1 3 < x < .
2x 1
2
x2 + 2 x 1 < 1

, , .
2:
log a b
(a 1)(b 1) , :

x +1
0 < 2 x 1 1

## log x +1 ( x 2 + 2 x 1) > 0 x 2 + 2 x 1 > 0

x +1
2 x 1

1 ( x 2 + 2 x 1 1) > 0
2 x 1

17

x +1
0 < 2 x 1 1

x2 + 2 x 1 > 0
1 x
2

( x + 2 x 2) > 0 .
2 x 1
.
2. : (1 14; 4) (4; 11) (1 + 14; 11) .
x 4
x 1
> |3 x|

x+4
| x 1| > | (3 x)( x + 4) |
x 4
x 4

2
2
2
2
2
2
| x 1| >| x + x 12 |
( x 1) ( x + x 12) > 0
x 4
2
2
( x + 11)( x + 2 x 13) > 0 ,
.
k k

3. : ;
: k ] .
2 5

## cos 2 x + cos 2 2 x = cos 2 3x + cos 2 4 x

1 + cos 2 x 1 + cos 4 x 1 + cos 6 x 1 + cos 8 x

+
=
+

2
2
2
2
cos 2 x + cos 4 x = cos 6 x + cos 8 x
2 cos 3x cos x = 2 cos 7 x cos x
cos x(cos 3x cos 7 x) = 0 2 cos x sin(2 x) sin 5 x = 0

x = 2 + k

cos x = 0

x = 2 + k
k

sin 2 x = 0
x =

x
k
2
=

sin 5 x = 0
5 x = k , k ]

x = k , k ].

5
, ,
.
18

b m2 + 1
C
b
B
, m >1.
2
m 1
1:
x
x
mx
ABCD , AB = x , BD = mx . - A
x 1 + m2
ABED, DH (. .).

ABD

4. :

E
x

AD = x + (mx) = x 1 + m .
CDE CE:
1
n = 2 DE cos DAB
n = 2x
CE = 2 EH = 2 DE cos DEC
.
1 + m2
ABED ,
2

x 1 + m2 = b + 2 x
x =

1
1 + m2

m2 + 1
b.
m2 1

2:
x = CD , AC = mx
AD = x m 2 + 1 .

ACD CFD

x
1
FD =
= ( x m 2 + 1 b) ,
2
m +1 2

mx
A

2
b m2 + 1
b

x
=
.
x
+ m2 + 1 = b x =

m2 1
m2 1
m2 + 1

m2 + 1
19

5. :

## 24V 1 + 1 ctg 2 ctg 2

2 .
3
sin

ctg
2

2
r ,
r
l =
,

sin
2

1 2
1 3

h = r ctg , V = r h = r ctg .
3
3
2
2

3V
r=
.
3

ctg

2
,
,

( .
),

.
,

## OH = h ctg = r ctg ctg .

2

h
C

A
C

r
A

ctg 2 ,
2

= 2r 1 ctg 2

r
sin

20

+ 2r 1 ctg 2

AC = 2 AH = 2 r 2 OH 2 =

AB + BC + AC = 2

ctg 2 .
2

1. : (1 5; 3) ; 3 + 5 .
2

2. : (1 6; 3) (3; 7) (1 + 6; 7)
k k

3. : + ; +
: k ] .
4 2 10 5

2
d (m 2)
, m> 2 .
4. :
m m2 1
3

2S 2
2
5. :
sin cos .
3 sin
1991

1. : . .
,
:

f ( x) = x 2 4 x + 2 | 4 x x 2 | =
2
2
2
x 4 x + 2 (4 x x ), 4 x x 0 ;
= 2
=
2
2
x 4 x + 2 + (4 x x ), 4 x x 0
2 x 2 8 x + 2, x [0; 4] ;
=
x (; 0] [4; + ).
2,

.
2. : + 2l < a <

y
2
0

y = f ( x)
2

3
+ 2l , l ] .
2

1:

## sin x + cos x = sin a + cos a 2 sin x + = 2 sin a +

4
4

21

x + = a + + 2k

4
4

sin x + = sin a +

4
4

x + = a + + 2n

4
4
a = x 2k

a = x + 2n; k , n ].

2
y
a = x + 2
a ,

3
a=x
(. .).
2
a = x 2

0
2
[0; ] ,
x
5

x
a=
2
=
x
a

2
, 3
a= x
2

3
+ 2l < a <
+ 2l , l ] .
2
2:
sin x + cos x = sin a + cos a sin x sin a = cos a cos x
xa
x+a
a+x
ax
2 sin
cos
= 2 sin
sin

2
2
2
2
xa
x+a
x+a
xa
sin
= sin
.
cos
sin
2
2
2
2
xa
= 0.
) sin
2
xa
xa
sin
=0
= k , k ] x = a + 2k , k ] .
2
2
,
+ 2n < a < 2 + 2n, n ] .
22

x+a
=1.
2

x+a
x+a
tg
=1
= + k , k ] x = a + k , k ] .
2
2
4
2
, a
3

2 + 2m; 2 + 2m , m ] .

.
5

3. : 0; ; 2 .
3 3

x
x
sin 2 > 0
sin 2 > 0
x
lg sin < lg cos x

2
sin x < cos x
sin x < 1 2 sin 2 x
2
2
2
x
x
sin 2 > 0
sin 2 > 0

## 2 sin 2 x + sin x 1 < 0

sin x < 1 .
2
2

2 2
[0; 2]
5 x
x
x
< <

, 0 . 0 < <
6 2
2
2 6

5
< x < 2 .
(. .). : 0 < x <
3
3
b3
4. :
(3a + 2b) .
12
ABCD B x C
.

(. .)
4
A
E
D
3

2

4

) tg

23

BE = CF = AE = FD = b .
x + x + 2b
= a x = a b . | BC | = | EF | = x .
2
b
r = . AD = a + b ,
2
2

b
b
V. = r 2 AD =
(a + b) . ,
4
2
3
1
b b
V. = r 2 =
.
3
2 24

V. 2V. =

b 2
b3 b 2
( a + b)
=
(3a + 2b) .
4
12
12

5. : 9 + 4 5 , 9 4 5 .
1:
: ABDC EFHG. ,
1
a, x =
. F B
2
1 a
a +1
,
x = + x =
2 2
2
y

2
G H
a +1 a +1
2
0
A
B

= a |1 a | = 4a .
2
2
x
E F

a > 1

a 4a 1 = 0 a = 2 + 5 .
2

a 2 = 9 + 4 5 .

a < 1
a 2 + 4 a 1 = 0 a = 2 + 5 .
a 2 = 9 4 5 .
24

2:
, x + a .
| x ( x + a) | = | a | ,
| a |2 = a 2 .
,
:

x x 2 = ( x + a ) ( x + a ) 2

2
x x = a .

3+
x =
2

a = 2
a = 1 2 x

3
x x = 1 2x
x =
2

a = 2 +

5
5
5
5.

9 + 4 5 9 4 5 .
2

1. : . .

2. : + 2k < a < 2k , k ] .
2

3. : 0; .
2

4. : ((a + b)3 a 3 ) .
3
5. : 12 + 8 2 12 8 2 .

y = f ( x)

3
6

25

21

1992

1. : . .
, :
f ( x) = 2 lg | x | | 2 + lg x 2 | = 2 lg | x | | 2 + 2 lg | x | | .
y
,
1
1

10
10
.
x
0

2
, .
x > 0 , | x | = x ,
y = f ( x)
, ,

2 lg x 2(1 + lg x), 1 + lg x 0
f ( x) = 2 lg x 2 |1 + lg x |=
=
2 lg x + 2(1 + lg x), 1 + lg x 0
1

x
2,
10
=
4 lg x + 2, 0 < x 1 .

10

lg x
.

2. : + 2k : k ] .
4

1
1

1
1
sin x
sin x
cos x = sin x

2
2
2
2
cos x = sin x
tg x = 1

1
1

sin 4 + k 2
sin x 2

x = + k , k ]
x = + k , k ] .

4
4
26

2 1
=
>
,
4
2
2
, . ,
,
.
1
3. : 0; [ 2; + ) .
2
1
1 log 2 x
1 log 4 x 1
1 2 log 2 x
1
2

0
1 + log 2 x 2
1 + log 2 x
2
2(1 + log 2 x )

sin

## log 2 x < 1 0 < x < 1

2

log 2 x 1
x 2

2
2R2
.
S 2R2
AB = CE = 2 R ,
.
(. .)

CED
,
CE
2R
CD =
=
.
sin sin
,
4. : arcsin

B
R
2R

R
A

BC + AD = AB + CD .

1
1
S ABCD = ( BC + AD) AB = ( AB + CD) AB =
2
2
1
2R
1
2
= 2R +
2 R = 2 R 1 +
.
2
sin
sin

S ,
2R2
2R2
.

sin =
arcsin

=
S 2R2
S 2R2
27

2
B
.
3
1:

R
.
O

R = OB = OM = OD

F
D
, r = AM = MC
E

M R 2
C
A
, x = FE = ED

.

1
4
r
V. = V r 2 2 R = R 3 = 2 .
R
3
3
,
r
1
.
tg =
=
2R
2
,
BD = 2 BK = 2 R cos ,
x = ED = BD sin = 2 R sin cos .

5. :

2x x
2 tg 2
= = 2 sin cos =
= .
2r r
1 + tg 2 3
2:
MBC , MC = 2 R .
n = 2 ,
ODE , ODE
2
n = R sin 2 = R 2 tg .
ED = OD cos ODE
1 + tg 2
1
ED 2
( 1),
= .
, tg =
MC 3
2
28

1. : . .

2. : + 2k : k ] .
4

3. : [3; 9) .
4R
4. : arcsin
.
P 4R
1
5. :
.
2

+ 1
4

y = f ( x)

4
2

2
2

1993

1. : . .
1:
, :
2
x + 4 x + 3, x 0
f ( x) = x 2 4 | x | +3 = 2
x 4 x + 3, x 0.

y

.
y = f ( x)
2:

,
3
.

,
,
. .

3
0 1
3
2
y = x + 4x + 3 ,

, .

29

2. : {3; 9}.
log 3 x + log x 9 = 3 log 3 x +

log 3 x 0
2

log 3 x 3log 3 x + 2 = 0

2
=3
log 3 x

log 3 x = 1
x = 3

x = 9.
log 3 x = 2

3. : +
: k ] .
4
2

3 tg 2 x 8 cos 2 x + 1 = 0 3
1 8 cos 2 x + 1 = 0 .
2
x
cos

3
2
cos x = 4 ,
cos 2 x 0

4
2
8 cos x + 2 cos x 3 = 0
cos 2 x = 1

2
1
1
k
(1 + cos 2 x) = cos 2 x = 0 x = +
, k ].
2
2
4 2
4. : 1 , 17 .
ABCD ,
.
OE = 13 , OP = AP = 5 ,

MP = OM OP = 169 25 = 12 .
:
MA = PA + PM = 5 + 12 = 17 ,
MB = 18 17 = 1 .
2

B
M
13

12

E
D

O
18

P
5
A

5. : 2 5 .
R, r.

. :
V. = V

1 2
4
R r = r 3 R 2 = 4r 2 R = 2r .
3
3
30

OM = OP 2 + PM 2 = r 2 + R 2 = r 5 ,
x PM OM
r
2r
=
=
=
x=
.
2r PM
OM r 5
5
,

S.

S.

4r 2 4r 4r
=
=
= 2 5.
2r
x
xr
5

O
M

M
P

.
2

1. : . .
2. : {4}.
3. :

+ k ; + k : k ] .
3
3

4. : 1 , 24 , 5 .
4
5. : arctg .
3

y
y = f ( x)
0
1

1
1

31

1. : . .
,
:

f ( x) = x 2 x 2 | x 2 1| + 1 =

1994

y
y = f ( x)
0
1

x 2 2, x (; 1] [1; + )

x [1; 0]
= 2 x 2,
0,
x [0; 1].

2 2

.
1

2. : 10 10; 3 .
10 10

1
2
1
+ = lg x
log x 100 + = lg x
6
lg x 6
4
4

lg x =

x
lg
0

x = 10 3
3
2

3
lg x = 3
6 lg x lg x 12 = 0
x = 10 2 .

5
7
11

3. : + 2k ;
+ 2k ;
+ 2k ;
+ 2k : k ] .
12
12
12
12

sin
x
0

1
1 + tg 2 x
1

= 4 sin x
4 sin x =
cos x

sin x =
4
| cos x |
1

= 4 sin x
cos x

32

sin x 0

x = + k
sin
0
x

12
sin x 0

5
sin 2 x = 1
x =
4 sin x cos x = 1
+ k

2
12
4
sin
cos
1
x
x
=

cos x 0
sin 2 x =
x = + k

2
12

5
+ k , k ] .
x =

12
.
4. : 60 .
a b , c .

.
a
a2
54 3
=
=
= .
2
b
96 4
b
, 150 2 ,
ab
:
= 150 ab = 300 .
2
a 3
a = 15
=
a b : b 4
b = 20 .
ab = 300

c = 152 + 202 = 25 ,
60 .
5. : R = a(2 2) .

,

a
(. .).

,
.
R
a=R+
, .
2
33

R
R

R
R
a

1. : . .

1
2. : 10 3 102 ;
.
10 5 104

5
3. :
+ 2k ; + 2k ;
12
12

y = f ( x)

6 2

+ 2k ; + 2k : k ]
12
12

2 0

25
2 .
6
6 2
5. : R =
b.
4

2 2

4. :

1995

1. : . .
g ( x) = x 2 |1 + 2 x | . f ( x) = | g ( x) |

g ( x) ,

. g

, ,
, .
,

y
y = f ( x)
2

1 0
2

1+ 2 x

1 2

g ( x) = x 2 |1 + 2 x | =
1
1
2
2
x + (1 + 2 x), x 2 ( x + 1) , x 2
=
=
1
2
x (1 + 2 x), x
x 2 2 x 1, x 1 .

2
2
34

2. : (1; 2].
x > 1
x > 1
2
1< x 2 .
log 2 ( x 1) + log 2 x 1 2
x x 2
x x 2 0
3. : {2}.
3 x 2 0

3x 2 + x 1 = 3 x 1 0

3 x 2 + x 1 + 2 (3x 2)( x 1) = 9
x 1
x 1

6 2 x 0

2
3x 5 x + 2 = 6 2 x
2
2
3x 5 x + 2 = (6 2 x)
x 1
x 1

x 3
x 3

x=2.
2
x = 2
x 19 x + 34 = 0
x = 17

1 5

4. : arcsin
+ 2k : k ] .
2

cos x 0

## cos x = cos x + sin x = cos x

2
2

sin x = cos x
cos x 0

sin x = 1 5

sin x = 1 + 5

2

2n 2 x 2 + 2n, n ]

1 5
x = arcsin

+ 2k
2

1 5
+ 2k , k ]
x = arcsin
2

35

x = arcsin
5. : r =

1 5
+ 2k , k ] .
2

ab

.
a + b2

.
n + ODA
n + CDA
n ) = 90D
2
.

b
r
O

a
A

AOD . ,
, , r
AOD, .
,
, ,
, ,
:
1
1
ab
ab = r a 2 + b 2 r =
.
2
2
a2 + b2
2

1. : . .
2. : (0; 1] .
3. : {3} .
4.:

5 1
+ 2k : k ] .
arccos
2

1 2
ra
ra
5. : a,
,
.
a2 r 2
a2 r 2

36

y = f ( x)

1
1

1 1
2
2 1

1996
1. : . .

,
y
:
3
4 x +1 + 2 x 3 (2 x + 1)(4 2 x 3)
log 2
f =
=
=
4
3 2x+2
3 4 2x
x
0
3
= 2 x 1, x log 2 .
4

1

7
y = f ( x)

y = 2x

4
2

1
.
1

3 1
1
3 1
+ k ; arccos
+ k : k ] .
2. : arccos
2
2
2
2

3
1
3
sin x sin 3x = cos 2 x (cos( 2 x) cos 4 x) = cos 2 x
2
2
2
cos 4 x = 2 cos 2 x (2 cos 2 2 x 1) = 2 cos 2 x .

1 3

cos 2 x =
2
2 cos 2 2 x + 2 cos 2 x 1 = 0

1 + 3
cos 2 x =
2

1 + 3
+ 2k
2 x = arccos

1 + 3
2

cos 2 x =

1 + 3
+ 2k , k ]
2 x = arccos
2

1
3 1
+ k
x = arccos
2
2

1
3 1
+ k , k ].
x = arccos
2
2

37

3
3. : .
4

2 x + 1 0

7 x 2x = 1 7 x = 2x + 1
2
7 x = (2 x + 1)
1

1
2

3
x

x = 2 x = .
2
4
4 x 2 + 5 x 6 = 0
3

x =

4
4. : a = 3 , b = 1 .
, :
( a + b ) x + 2 a , 1 x 2
f ( x) = a | x 1| + bx + 2 =
(b a) x + 2 + a, 0 x 1.
x = 1 [0; 2] ,
, , .

x = 0 , x = 1 , x = 2 .
: f (0) = a + 2 , f (1) = b + 2 , f (2) = a + 2 + 2b .
1 , 3.
a b ,
1 , a b ,
3.
, a b ,
:
) a 0 b . f (0) ,
a = 1 , .
f (1) = 1 , b = 3 f (2) = 3 , , f (1)
. f (2) = 1 , b = 2 f (1) = 0 ,
, f a b .
) b 0 a . f (0) ,
a = 3 , .
f (2) = 3 , b = 2 f (1) = 4 , , f (1)
. f (1) = 3 , b = 1 f (2) = 1 ,
, f a b .
38

5. : S = m 4 R 2 sin 2 m 2 .
1:

ABCD

C
D
,
d
.
x
h
,

ABCD

. A
B
K

,

.
. . KB = m .
ADB, , DB = 2 R sin .
DKB ,
DK = DB 2 KB 2 = (2 R sin ) 2 m 2 .

S = mh = m 4 R 2 sin 2 m 2 .
2:
m = KB = d cos .
d
m
= 2R
= 2 R cos .
sin
sin
,
x
= 2 R x = 2 R sin .
sin
,
2

m
2
2

+ x = 4R ,
sin

x=

1
4 R 2 sin 2 m 2 .
sin

, S = mh = mx sin , .
39

1. : . .

1 3
1 3

2. : arccos
+ k ; arccos
+ k : k ] .
2
2

1
3. :
4
4. : a = 3 , b = 1 .
5.
:

S = c sin 2 4 R 2 c 2 .

log 3

y = f ( x)

2
3
0
1

1997
T (V1 V2 )
.
2R
Oxy , O
,
( R; 0) ( R; 0) .
T

1. : 2 R cos

x1 = R cos

TV1
TV
, y1 = R sin 1 ;
R
R

:
TV
TV

x2 = R cos 2 + = R cos 2 ,
R
R

TV
TV

y2 = R sin 2 + = R sin 2 .
R
R

40

,
2

TV
TV TV
TV

## ( x1 x2 ) 2 + ( y1 y2 ) 2 = R cos 1 + cos 2 + sin 1 + sin 2 =

R
R
R
R

T (V1 V2 )
T (V1 V2 )
TV TV
= R 2 + 2cos 1 2 = R 4cos 2
= 2 R cos
.
2R
2R
R
R
9
2. : 2; .
4

2 x 3 0

| 5x 4 | 5 = 2 x 3
2
| 5 x 4 | 5 = (2 x 3)
3
3

x = 2
x
x

2
2

5 x 4>0
x = 9 .
2
2

3 5 x 4 5 = 4 x 12 x + 9
4
17
18
0
x
x

+
=

4
x

3. : + k ; + k ; +
: k ] .
12
3 2
4

2
6
3
6

## 2 cos 2 x + cos 2 x = cos 2 x

6
6
6

cos 2 x 6 = 0

cos 2 x 2 cos 2 x + 1 = 0

6
6
1

cos 2 x + =
6 2

k

2 x 6 = 2 + k
x = 3 + 2

2 x + = + 2k
x = + k

6 3
12

2 x + = + 2k , k ]
x = + k , k ].
4
6
3

41

4. : . .
, :
x 1
f ( x) = log 2
+ log 4 x 2 =
x
x 1
= log 2
+ log 2 | x | =
x
log 2 ( x 1), x > 0
=
log 2 (1 x), x < 0 .

y = log 2 x .
AB
1
=
5. :
.
CD
1 3 cos sin

y = f ( x)

3

## x 2 cos 2 + 1 2 cos cos = x 2 (1 3 cos sin ) .

3

AB
x
1
.
=
=
CD x 1 3cos sin
1 3cos sin
42

AB = x . AD = x
AC = x cos .
:
n.

D A
n= .
3

T
1. : 2 R sin
(V1 + V2 ) .
2R
3 3
2. : ; .
4 2

3. : + ; k ; + k : k ] .
12
2
3

4. : . .
BC
1
=
5. :
.
1 + 3 cos sin

y
y = f ( x)

1998

1. : . .
y 0 , | y | = y , ,

| x 2 x | = ( x 2 x) x 2 x 0
0 x 1.

,
x = 0 x = 1 . y 0 ,
| y | = y , ,
,
y=

x [0; 1]
( x 2 x) | x 2 x | 0,
.
= 2
2
x x, x (; 0] [1; + ).

.
43

2. : {0} .
, :
x 2
5

x
x

x +1
x 0 .
2 x 2 + 5 x 0
5

; :
2

x
2 x2 + 5x
=

x +1
x+2

x
( x + 1)

x (2 x + 5)
x+2

x + 2 0
(2 x + 5)( x + 1) = x + 2 2

2
2 x + 7 x + 5 = ( x + 2)
x 2
3 + 5
.
2
x=
2
x + 3x + 1 = 0
.
[0; + ) :
x
2 x2 + 5x
=

x +1
x+2

x
x +1

x 2x + 5

x+2

x = 0
x = 0

x = 3 + 5 .
(2 x + 5)( x + 1) = x + 2
2

x = 0
. .
1
3. : ; 1 .
2
, :

0 < x 1
1 + x > 0

0 < x <1.

2
0 < x 1
4 3x x 2 > 0

44

, 1,
.
0 < x < 1

log x (1 + x) log x2 (4 3 x x )
1
2
log x (1 + x) 2 log x (4 3x x )
0 < x < 1
0 < x < 1

2
2
2
2
log x (1 + x) log x (4 3x x )
1 + 2 x + x 4 3x x
0 < x < 1
1
2
x <1.
2
2 x + 5 x 3 0
2

4. : + k ;
+ k : k ] .
12
12

k
.
2

1
1
1
1
+
=0
=

## cos x sin 3x + sin x

cos x
2 sin 2 x cos x
cos x 0
sin 2 x 0
sin x 0

1
sin 2 x 0
sin 2 x = 2
cos x = 2 sin 2 x cos x

2 x = 6 + 2k
x = 12 + k

2 x = 7 + 2k , k ]
x = 7 + k , k ].

6
12

5. : 120 2 .
a = 24 , b c .
a + b + c = 60 b + c = 36 . :
abc
13
S=
bc = S . :
4R
6
45

PP
P
P

2
a b c S = 30 6 (30 b)(30 c)
22
2
2

13

## S 2 = 180(900 30(b + c) + bc) S 2 = 180 900 30 36 + S

6

S = 120
S 2 = 30(13S 6 180) S 2 390 S + 1802 = 0
S = 270.

. b c
13
36,
S , . . 260 585.
6
b + c = 36
b + c = 36

, ,

bc = 260
bc = 585
,
120 2 . ( : b c
13
z 2 36 z + S = 0 , ,
6
13
6 182 6 20 20

= 240 .)
362 4 S 0 S
13
10
6
S=

1. : . .
2. : {0} .
1 1
3. : ; .
4 2
k

4. : (1) k +1 +
: k ] .
12
2

5. : 8 + 6 2 8 + 4 6 .

46

1999

## 1. : {(4; 2; 1); (8; 4; 2); (2; 4; 8); (1; 2; 4)} .

b = aq , c = aq 2 .
a 0 , q 1 . .
) b, a, c ,
q = 1
b + c = 2a aq + aq 2 = 2a q + q 2 = 2

q = 2 .
q = 2
. a, 2a, 4a.
)

a,

c,

,
q = 1
a + b = 2c a + aq = 2aq 2 1 + q = 2q 2

q = 1 .

2
q = 1 ,
a a
a, , .
2 4
,
4, .
17

+ 6m : m ] .
2. : + 6m;
4
4

, ,
:
cos 2 x + 2 2 sin x 2 = 1 2 sin 2 x + 2 2 sin x 2 = ( 2 sin x 1)2 .
:
( 2 sin x 1) 2 = 0

x
x

cos
sin
sin
x

=0
3
3

sin x =
sin x =
2

## sin x cos x = sin x

2 sin x = sin x

3
3 4
47

x = 4 + 2k

+ 2k , k ]
x =
4

x
1
sin = .
2
3 4

+ 2k , k ] ,
4
1
1
2k
2k
sin +
= sin
=
3
4
2
6
2
12
3

2k
3 6 = 6 + 2m
k = 3m

2k = 7 + 2m
k = 2 + 3m, k , m ] .
3
6 6

x = 4 + 6m

x = 7 + 6m, m ] .

4
3
x =
+ 2k , k ] ,
4
.

x =

1 17 1 + 37
3. :
;
.
8
8

8x2 2x 3
0

x
4x 1 8x2 2x 3

=

2
2
x
x
4x 1 = 8x 2x 3

x
x

2
8x 2 x 3
0

x
4 x 2 x = (2(4 x 2 x) 3) 2 .

48

9
t = (2t 3) 2 t = x(4 x 1) . t = 1 t = .
4
x ,
.
4. : (0; 2] .
3x :
3x +1 + 5 x 1
5 x 3x

15
3+
5 3

5
25 9
3 0
2
2
x
5 x

5
1

2
1

3

25
5
1<
0< x 2.
9
3

R 2

M
( R r 2 ) ctg .
2
r

ABCD
2
2
,

. S = pR = ( DC + AD) R ,
r
B

. ,
C
MBC
,

H
ABCD,
R
.

pMBC = MH = R ctg ,
2
D
A

S
p

## BC = pMBC MBC = MBC ( R r ) = ( R r ) ctg .

R
R
2
n = , DAM
n = ( + ) .
ABCD
, 1800,
n = ( + ) , MDA
MCB
5. :

49

MBC. , ,
,
R R

AD = BC = ( R r )ctg . .
2
r r
2

3
3

1. : ( 6; 3; 12); (12; 3; 6); 3; ; 6 ; 6; ; 3 .
2
2

2. : 1 + 6k : k ] .
4

1 3 2
; 3 .
3. :
2

4. : (; 1] (2; + ) .
5. :

2a 2
.
ab
2000

1
1. : 0; (2; + ) .
2
1

a2
>0.
a2 1

a2
a2
a2
2 x x 2 = log 2 2
x 2 2 x + log 2 2
= 0.
2
a 1
a 1
a 1
, ,
.
a2
1 .
a2 1
a2
1

a 2 1 > 0
0a<

a 2 1
2
.
>
a

a 2 1
2

22 x x =

50

2
, 2 x x 2 (; 1] .
2

22 x x (0; 2] .
.
2. : (2; 11] .

2 x + 3 x + 5 0 2 x + 3 x + 5 1, 5 x 2 ,
. x > 2 ,

.
x > 2
1
1

2x + 3 x + 5
2 x + 3 x + 5 1
x > 2
x > 2

2 x + 3 1 + x + 5
2 x + 5 x 3 .
x (2; 3) , . x 3 ,
,
x 2 10 x 11 0 1 x 11 . , x 3 ,
3 x 11 . , 2 < x 11 .
3. : {3; 3 3}.

log 3 x > 0
x

log 2 log x
= log 2 (2 log 3 x)

x
27
log x 27 = 2 log 3 x
9
9
log 3 x > 0

log 3 x 3
log x 2 = 2 log 3 x .
3
log 3 x = t , t > 0 .

t 2
t = 1

2
t

t 2
t 3
t = 1

= 2t
2

t = 3 .
t2
t 3 = 2t (t 2)
2t 5t + 3 = 0 t = 3
2
2
51

log 3 x = 1
x = 3

3
log 3 x =
x = 3 3.

2
4. : 96.
1:

51,
,
6 .
, .

BL = x ,

KBL

B
5

x 2 + 24

x 2 + 25

C
1
M
5

K
1
A

KL = 25 + x . LCM
2

LC = KL2 12 = 24 + x 2 .

AB BC = 6( x + x 2 + 24) , .
29
6( x + x 2 + 24) = 51 + 5 x + x 2 + 24 5 x 2 + 24 = 51 x x =
.
4
35
, 96.
x 2 + 24 =
4
2:

L Q
,
,

, P

.
, K

2b

, a b
a
2

. tg =
cos
b

52

b
. , S
cos
, a = 3 ,
2ab
1
4
24

.
S=
= 6b
= 6b(1 + tg 2 ) = 6b 1 + 2 = 6b +
2
2
b
cos
cos
b
,
b 0
1

b
0

b=
24

2
b =
51 = 6b +
2

b
2
6b 51b + 24 = 0

=
b
8.

b = 8
, b > a , , b = 8 , ,
S = 2a 2b = 2 3 2 8 = 96 .
1 2
1 2

5. : arccos
+ 2k ; arccos
+ 2k : k ] .
2
2

sin + sin 2 x +

6
2

= cos x
sin x + cos x + = cos x
3
6
2

1
+ cos 2 x = 2 cos x 1 + 2(2 cos 2 x 1) = 4 cos x .
2

1 2
1 2
+ 2k
cos x =
x = arccos
2
2

1+ 2
1 2

+ 2k , k ].
cos x =
x = arccos
2
2

1. : [1; 0) (2; 6] .
2. : (3; 15] .
3. : {2; 2 3 2}.
4. : 24.

2 + 7
2 + 7
5. : arccos
+ 2k ; arccos
+ 2k : k ] .
2
2

53

2001
1. : 5 6.
1:
x + y , x,
y . x > 0 , y < 24 ,
1
x < y .
24
1
.

48
x
x

24
48
. 2
2( x + y ) x + y
=
.
48
24
24
.

y
x 24 x
,

=
. ,
48 y 2 y
x+ y x
+
= 1 24 y xy y 2 = 12 x .
:
24
2y

24 y xy y 2 = 12 x .
24 y xy y 2 = 12 x 24 y y 2 = x(12 + y ) x =

24 y y 2

12 + y

y 2 24 y
432
.
x = ( y 36)
y + 12
y + 12
x , .
432 = 1 432 = 2 216 = 3 144 = 4 108 = 6 72 =
= 8 54 = 9 48 = 12 36 = 16 27 = 18 24 .
(4; 5) , (6; 6) , (6; 12) ,
(5; 15) . .
2:
m , ,
n , .
24 -, 48
x=

54

-.
48 2( m + n) 24
=
n 2 + n(m 24) + 12m = 0 .
m
n
m 2 96m + 576 .
, m 24(2 3) , m 24(2 + 3) .
, m 24 , m > 24 ,
. ,
0 < m < 24(2 3) , 0 < m < 8 . n m = 6
( n = 6 n = 12 ) m = 5 ( n = 4 n = 15 ).
5 2k

2. : +
: k ] .
3
18

:
cos 2 x cos x cos 2 x sin x cos x sin 2 x

=
=
sin 2 x sin x
sin 2 x sin x
sin( x 2 x)
sin x
=
=
.
sin 2 x sin x
sin 2 x sin x

ctg 2 x ctg x =

sin x 0
sin 2 x 0

1 3 tg x
sin x
=

1
sin 2 x(4sin x 2)
sin 2 x sin x
sin x 2

1 3 tg x = 2 4sin x
sin x 0
sin x 0
cos x 0
cos x 0

sin x 1

1
2

sin x 2

sin x
+ 1 2sin 2 x = 3 sin x + cos x (*).
4sin x = 3
cos x

55

(*):
3

1
2sin 2 x = 3 sin x + cos x 2sin 2 x = 2
sin x + cos x
2
2

sin 2 x = sin x +
6

2 x = x + 6 + 2k
x = 6 + 2k

2 x = x + + 2k , k ]
x = 5 + 2k , k ].

6
18
3

1
sin x 0 , cos x 0 , sin x . x = + 2k
6
2
1
k sin x .
2
5 2k
x=
+
:
18
3
5
17
29
x=
+ 2k , x =
+ 2k , x =
+ 2k ,
18
18
18
k .
3. :
1
:
) 0 < a <
4
1 2a 1 4a 1 2a + 1 4a

; 1 a (1; + ) ,
0;

2
2

1
< a < 1 : (0; 1 a) (1; + ) , a 1
)
4
: (1; + ) .

.
log x + a 2 < log x 4 log x + a 2 < log x 2 .
1. x + a > 1 ,

x >1: x + a > x .

56

## 3. x + a > 1 , 0 < x < 1 : ,

, .
4. 0 < x + a < 1 , x > 1 : , a > 0
.

1). x > 1 , a > x x .
2). 0 < x < 1 , x x < a < 1 x .

x + a 0
x a

x 0

x x = a x = x + a x 0

2
2
2
x = ( x + a)
x + 2ax + a x = 0
x 0

x = 1 2a 1 4a
x 0
2

2
2

x
+
(2
a

1)
x
+
a
=
0

x = 1 2a + 1 4a .
+
2

a
(. .).

1
4
y

, :
a 1 : x > 1 ;
1
a < 1 : 0 < x < 1 a
4
x >1;
1
0 < a < :
4
1 2a 1 4a
0< x<
,
2
1 2a + 1 4a
< x <1 a
2
x >1.

0 x
1
4
57

x+

1 a

: . ,
log 2 x 2log 2 ( x + a )
1
2
log x + a 2 < log x 4
<

<0
log 2 ( x + a ) log 2 x
log 2 x log 2 ( x + a )
0 < x 1
log 2 x log 2 ( x 2 + 2ax + a 2 )

< 0 x ( x 2 + 2ax + a 2 )
log 2 x log 2 ( x + a )
( x + a 1)( x 1) < 0.

.
50 3 70 3 90 3
,
,
.
21
21
21
AOB,
AOC, COB
S2 d , S2 S2 + d .
S 2 :

4. :

A

5

S ABC = ( S2 d ) + S 2 + ( S2 + d )
1
S 2 = S ABC .
3

S ABC =
, S 2 =

S2 d

O
S2 + d
8

p( p a)( p b)( p c) = 10 3 .

10 3 10
=
.
3
3

1
AB AO sin
5
2
= ,
1
AC AO sin 7
2
d:
S2 d =

5
2
20 3
S2 d = S2 d =
.
7
7
21
58

S2

:
10 3
S2 =
,
3
10 3 20 3 50 3
S2 d =

=
,
3
21
21
10 3 20 3 90 3
S2 + d =
+
=
.
3
21
21
5. : V = 2 .
1:
7
S = .
2
:
5
H
13
7 13 7 10 7 5
,
,
.
h1
13
10
5
10
2S
ha =
,
a
x1

13
:

10
5

49
49
49
H2 ,
H2 ,
H2 .
13
10
5
:
1
1
1
7
x1 13 + x2 10 + x3 5 =
2
2
2
2

10

49 13H 2 + 49 10 H 2 + 49 5 H 2 = 7

, .
49
H2 <
,
13

x3

x2
x1
13

49 13H + 49 10 H + 49 5H >
2

3
49
49
8
+ 49 5
= 7
+
>7.
13
13
13
13
, .
> 0 + 49 10

59

, .
:
1
1
7 1
x2 10 + x3 5 = + x1 13
2
2
2 2

49 10 H 2 + 49 5 H 2 = 7 + 49 13H 2 .

,
49 10t + 49 5t = 7 + 49 13t

x3

## 49 15 49t + 50t = t + 7 49 13t

2

10

x2

x1

t,
2 49 13t = 7t 14 .

13

t =

144
12
. H = ,
9
7

1
1 7 12
V = S H = = 2 .
3
3 2 7

2:
ABCD
AB = 5 , BC = 10 , AC = 13 .
,

.
S ABC h
.

## DM, PM, CN AB. , h = DO 60

C
P
O
A

DMP.
C ABC ( DAC
13
DBC). 5 = 10 + 2 130 cos ,
16
9
7
cos =
, , sin =
.
130
130
, :
ab
7
S = sin = . , DMP. :
2
2
2S
7
49
1
=
,
DM = CN =
=
, NB = AM = 10
5
5
5
5
AB. AMP ANC ,
1
7
1
13
. DM = 4MP .
MP = CN =
, AP = AC =
4
4
4
4 5

DP 2 = 10 +

13
130
9
101
2

=
.
16
4
130 16

, PMD:
DP 2 = MP 2 + MD 2 2 MP MD cos DMP
101
49
DP 2 = MP 2 (17 8 cos DMP)
=
(17 8 cos DMP )
16 16 5
41
12 5
cos DMP =
sin DMP =
.
49
49
MOD
h = MD sin DMP =

7 12 5 12

= .
7
5 49

1
1 7 12
, V = Sh = = 2 .
3
3 2 7
61

3:
z
(
( x; y; z )
,

, ,
2
5
13
-).
,
.
x
10
,
( x0 ; y0 ; 0 )
13
. ( x; y; z )

10
5
y
(0;

5 ; 0)

x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 13
2
2
2
x + ( y 5) + z = 10

2
2
2
( x x0 ) + ( y y0 ) + z = 5,
( x0 ; y0 )
2
2
x0 + y0 = 10
2
2
x0 + ( y0 5) = 13 .

,
x0 =

7
5

, y0 =

1
5

, x=

41
7 5

, y=

4
5

, z=

12
,
7

z .
V = 2 .

62

4:
,
5
10

.
13

, :
, . ( 4 ,
1/6 ). ,
1, 2, 3. 6,
2.
2

1. : 8 16.
2 2k

2. : +
: k ] .
3
9

3. :
1
) 0 < a < :
8
1 2 a 1 8a 1 2 a + 1 8a

; 1 a (1 + a; + ) .
a;

2
2

1
1
1
<a<
: (a; 1 a ) (1 + a; + ) , a
8
2
2
(1 + a; + ) .
)

25 3 30 3 35 3
,
,
.
9
9
9
5. : V = 8 .
4. :

63

2002

1. : .
1:
, log15 127 < log15 128 . :
log15 128 < log 5 8 + log 3 2
0<

7
3
1
<
+

## 3log 22 3 3log 2 3log 2 5 + log 22 5

log 2 5 log 2 3(log 2 5 + log 2 3)

3a 2 3ab + b 2

ab(a + b)
a b
.

2:

log 2 128
log15 127
log 2 15
7
<
=
=
log 2 8 log 3 15 + 3log 5 15
1
log 3 2 + log 5 8
+
log 2 3 log 2 5
=

7
7
7
<
=
=1.
log 3 15 + log 5 3375 log 3 9 + log 5 3125 2 + 5

, , .
3 + 5
2. : 1;
.
2

x 1 0

| x3 4 x 2 + 5 x 2 | = x 1 x3 4 x 2 + 5 x 2 = x 1
3
2
x 4 x + 5 x 2 = ( x 1)
64

x 1

x 1
x =1
x = 1

( x 1)( x 3 x + 1) = 0
3+ 5
3+ 5
x
=

x=
.

2
(
1)(
3
3)
0
x
x
x

+
=
2

3 5

x = 2

3. : + k : k ] .
4

1:
:
cos x = 3sin 3 x cos3 x cos x(cos 2 x + sin 2 x) = 3sin 3 x cos3 x
3sin 3 x sin 2 x cos x 2 cos3 x = 0 3 tg 3 x tg 2 x 2 = 0

tg x = 1

2
x = + k , k ] .
4
3 tg x + 2 tg x + 2 = 0
2:
, , ,
. cos3 x
. :

1
= 3 tg 3 x 1 1 + tg 2 x = 3 tg 3 x 1 tg x = 1 x = + k , k ]
2
4
cos x
.
4. : . .
y
x + y 1
1
| x + y | 1

1
x
y
2

2
x + y x + y
2
2
x x + y y 0
1
0
y x 1

x
1
y x + 1

2
2
( x 0, 5 ) + ( y 0, 5 ) 0, 5 .
1

,
65

. (0, 5; 0, 5) 2 / 2 , .
2a
a

.
5. :

3ctg + 2
3ctg + 2
2
2
r,
2r. (.).

(2r + r ) 2 (2r r ) 2 = 2 2r .

,
. ,
,
,

,
,

O2 H 2 = r ctg O1 H1 = 2r ctg
2
2
( . .).

AO1 = 2r 2 ctg
2

CO2 = r 2 ctg .
2
:

O1

2r

2r r

H2

66

O2

O2
O1
A

H1

AC = AO1 + O1O2 + O2 C

a 2 = 2r 2 ctg + 2 2r + r 2 ctg r =
2
2
.

a
.

3ctg + 2
2

1. .

5 5 5 + 5
2. : 1;
;
.
2
2

3. : + k : k ] .
3

4. : . .
5. :
2b

2h
1
5ctg arctg + 2 3
b
2
3b
.
2h
1
5ctg arctg + 2 3
b
2

67

y
1
2

0
1

1 x
1
2

040815 22.05.97
19.05.2003. 6084 1/16. .
. 4,25 . . . 200 . 2929.

- .
198504, -, , ., 26.

68

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