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Konferenz. - Leipzig, 1968.
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,
.
People went into rooms as if they meant to stay there.
,
.

. , -


:
opened a desk drawer, took out cigarettes and offered them to
Christine. (A. Hailey)
... , .
(. . ) , ( - ,
).
61. . , , . , ,
.

,
. ,
was thin and tentative as he slid bis
birth certificate from Puerto Rico across the desk (thin) (tentative)
,
. (.: ,
....) It is a good
horse that never stumbles, It is an ill wind that blows nobody good,
,
"^ , ,
, , ,
, ,
, , 64


.
.
and ,
, : went
into cables and died. (G. Greene) The fact that the Court was full
confirmed their reflections, and they passed on into a little room to
wait. (J. Galsworthy)


: Last
month another top fugitive was captured when White Panther leader
Laurence Robert Plamondon, 25, was discovered in Michigan's Upper
Peninsula.
62. . :
. -
. ,

:
. - ,
. - ,
. - ..

.
,
:
drove on. They had their backs to the sunlight now.
. .
Do I look all right?
?
Will you marry me, Lady Aline?
, , ?

, , 3-156

65

, : The lounge
had been redecorated since his last visit, and had acquired several
facilities.
, . :
Last year witnessed a sharp increase of production in this country.

.
,
, :
The American Railroad Union excluded Negroes from its
membership.
... ...
.
The mentality and methods of these "world-conquerors" need little
comment.
.
"You'll make yourself ill," said Betsey, "and you know that will
not be good either for you or for my god-daughter." (Ch. Dickens)
, - , - . (.
. . )
63. . ,
,
.
.

, , :
Remarkable constitution, too, and lets you see it: great yachtsman.
(J. Galsworthy)
... ,
. (. . . )

.
66

.
, ,
, . ,
,
,
.
,

. . : .
. , . =
. . ,
.
,
,
:
I haven't had a joint with you, old man, since we went up to
Carmarthen Van in that fog before the war. Remember? (J. Galsworthy)
,
? ,
. (. . . )
, ,
, ,
..
64. .
,
.
- .
,
- , (
).

( ),
- ( 6
7

), - ( ,
).
.
,
,
, - .
, ,
:

,
.
65. ()
,
,
,

.
,
. , ,


,

,
.

III

: (66-67).
(68-70).
(71).
(72). (73 - 75).
(76 - 77). (78 - 81).

(82 - 88). -
(89 - 94).

66. - .
,
,

. , ()
. ,
,
.
,
,
.
-
,
,
.

,
.
67.
,
,
,

.
,
69

, , .
, ,
. ,
,

. ,
,
.
68. ,
, ,

.
,
.

, ,
.
. , ,
.
69.
,
.

.


,
, .. ,
.
,
. , , -70


(. . ):
One thing troubled me along at first - the immense interest which
people took in me. Apparently the whole nation wanted a look at me.
It soon transpired that the eclipse had scared the British world almost
to death; that while it lasted the whole country, from one end to the
other, was in a pitiable state of panic, and the churches, hermitages
and monkeries overflowed with praying and weeping poor creatures
who thought the end of the world was come. Then had followed the
news that the producer of this awful event was a stranger, a mighty
magician at Arthur's court; that he could have blown the sun like a
candle, and was just going to do it when bis mercy was purchased,
and he then dissolved Ms enchantments, and was now recognized and
honored as the man who had by his unaided might saved the globe
from destruction and its people from extinction.
- , . ,
. ,
, ,

,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, , ,
, ,
,
, -
.

,
.
, - ,
. , ,

.
.
, ,
.
,
71

. , ..
,

: 1) , -
; 2) , ,

; 3)
, : ,
.
70.


, . : 1) ,
; 2) ; 3)

.
71. ,
() ,
, ( ).
- ,

,
() . ,
-
,

1
2
2
: -
1
2

1
2
1
- -
..

72

.

: - . That he went there was
a mistake. - It was a mistake that he went there.
, ,
, (
...), ( ...),
( ...)
.

, , .

,

, ..
. ,
:
, .
, -
, : Had a positive decision been taken at the General
Assembly ... . ,
, , :
, .

.

:
I told him what I thought of her. .
was never tired of old songs.
. It is very strange this domination of our intellect
by our digestive organs.
73

, .
72.

. ,
,
-
,

.

: ,
(
)
.


.
:
A meeting in defence of peace was held in Trafalgar Square
yesterday.
The meeting in defence of peace in Trafalgar Square condemned
the apartheid policy in South Africa.

.


.
, , , , .

.
:
- .
74

,
, ,
. :
- .

.
:
Experience changed the ideas of this British officer. American
airmen started the process of "brain-washing". He saw them machinegun a road full of refugees.

,
, :
.
. ,
, .

:
.
.
, ,
.

, ..
() ,
.


.

, 75

,
-:
Mine is a long and a sad tale.
.
Open flew the gate and in came the coach.
, .
Him I have never seen.
.
:
Ernest Pontitex, yours is one of the most painful cases I have
ever had to deal with.
, - , , .
73. , ,

. ,
.

. ,
, . ,
, , ,
,
,
,
..
,

,
. ,
:
There might be some small pickings left, from those who would be
willing to continue, and later it would be necessary to decide if they
were worth while.
- , , - ,
. ,
.
76


,
.
, ,
.
,
, .

, :
A police Advisory Board composed of twelve representatives from
police authorities, nine from the Federation, three representing
superintendents, and eight representing Chief Officers with the Home
Secretary or Home Office representative in the chair, has a general
consultative and advisory function on police matters but the Home
Secretary need not accept its advice.
, , : (1) , (2)
, (3)
. ,
.
:
, ,
,

.
. , ,
.
74.
, ..
:
Despite all opposition these sections have organized a powerful
trade-union movement. The mass of the Civil Servants have successfully
established important political rights for themselves.
, 77

,

.


:
For five years Sandino conducted a heroic struggle in the jungles
against the very much better equipped United States marines. Finally,
unconquered, he agreed to a peace conference.


. , .
75.
,
,
:
And so, with sentinel in each dark street, and twinkling watchfires on each height around, the night has worn away, and over this
fair valley of old Thames has broken the morning of the great day
that is to dose so big with the fate of ages yet unborn. (J.K. Jerome)
,
.

,
. (. . )
76. ,

,
.
:
I saw him at the theatre.
.
The house was sold for 10 thousand dollars.
10 .
was sure we should both fall ill.
, .
78


: 1)
; 2) :
; 3)
.
,
,
,
.
, , ,
,

.
77. , ,
.
, (- ), (
) ( ). , ,
. ,
,
,
, ,
.
()
,
.
78. , ,
: -
(), .
,

79

(), .
error
,
error - ,
, ,
mistake, ,
, .
kill, assassinate, murder, slay , kill
, (.- to kill an
article, a plan, injustice, war, etc.), assassinate , murder - , slay - , ..

to swim to sail ,
,
,
to float.
The boat is sailing in the lake
,
The boat is drifting
(floating) in the lake.

,
.

. ,
,
,
swims, - floats.
, ,
,
.
79. ,
. - (A fly stands on
the ceiling), - -80

: .

,
. ,
, , .,
, to wear
(., She was wearing a new kind of perfume).
(boiled) -, -,
- (boiled eggs), -
.
80.
, , -.
,
, .
horse ,
.
dog ,
..
head
,

, , .

, : You are not expected to say anything here and
you can't keep too quiet a tongue in your head. I could hear Ms teeth
rattle in Ms head. I've got an eye in my head! I could bring down a
running rabbit at fifty paces without a blink.

head,
, , - .
81.
,
.
: She knew that he had risked Ms neck to help her. Neck , , , - , .
The children clapped hands with joy. -
. They sat in the dock, their faces held Mgh.
-
. She slammed the door into his face. 81

- .

, .
(wash
dishes), (scrub floors), (wash teeth).
,
, ,
, .
82.

-, ,
.

, .

.
, - ,

.
, -
: dog - doggie, cat - pussy, womanly - womanish, to attack
- to accost, smell - fragrance; - , - ,
- , - .
, ,
. ,

, :
Sometimes I feel I'm here all by myself, no one else on the whole
damn planet.
, -,
.
,
,
,
: ,
. 82

, ..
, :
Sometimes I feel about eight years old, my body squeezed up
and everything else tall.
, - ,
, .
83.

.
:
Tom was in agony. At last he was satisfied that time had ceased
and the eternity began. (M. Twain)
.
, ... (. .
).

to satisfy,
, ,
. ,
,
.
84.
. ,

: ,
. , ..
.
,
.
, -
, : to end to terminate, to begin - to commence, to go (to a place) - to repair (to
a place), bloody - sanguinary, final - ultimate, wife - spouse, husband consort; - , - , - ,
- , - , - 83

, - , - , - ..
85.
, ,
,
.
,
: radiation - , cathode-ray tube -
, ionizing event - , precipitations -
, feedback - ..
, ,
: fraught with - , afore-said
- , bearer - , bark - , to slay , to repose - , to retire - , steed - ,
to bolt - , to show off-, to funk - ,
gluttony - .
86.
, .
- ,
, - : slumber-, morn-, serge-, to
swap - ; - to marry, - hasty,
- skilfully ..

.
, , ,
,

.

,
. , .
.
, ,
,
: 84

You will pardon me, I trust, this intrusion upon your space. (J.
Galsworthy)
, .
(. . . )
.
to pardon (. to excuse),
intrusion on your space. ,
to trust
.
.
,
, :
Go back and tell the king that at that hour I will smother the
whole world in the dead blackness of the midnight; I will blot out
the sun and he shall never shine again; the fruits of the earth shall rot
for lack of light and warmth, and the peoples of the earth shall
famish and die to the last man!
,
,
. smother, blackness, famish, he (the sun) shall, the fruits of the earth, lack of light .
.

, .
:
, ; ,
;
, , ,
, !

,

, . ,
85


:
It cost him damn near four thousand bucks. He's got a lot of dough,
now. (J. Salinger)
.
. (. . -)
,
.

-
damn, bucks, dough,
, ,
.

, ,
,
, .
, ..
,
.
.
87.

- .

,
. -
, ,
()
(, , ..). - ,
.
,
,
, , .
- , -
. - -
, , ,
bath - 86

. rake - - -
(thin), (peacock)
. , -
. ,
.


,
.
, , ,
Humpty-Dumpty, Mr. Hide, Sir Galahad ..
88. , , , ,
.
.
:
1. - . ,
snow
, stone , a day - - . -,
- (as a sheet),
(like a lion), -
(sour grapes).

:
She was dressed in white, with bare shoulders as white as snow.
,
.
And pride so moved within her that even her heart felt cold as
stone.
,
, .
Oh, it's all getting just bright as day, now.
, , .
2. -
87

,
. ,
, ,
,
- . . thin as a rake , , strong as a horse - , , stupid
as a goose - , .
,
, :
I have never seen such an avid ostrich for wanting to gobble
everything.
-
.
3. ,
, . ,
,
.
, :
Want, colder than Charity, shivering at the street corners. ,
, .
, :
'Cat'. With that simple word Jean closed the scene.
- cat
.
, :
- , - , .
89.
,
.

, . ,

: ,

, , ..
,
: , , ,
..
,
, , .,
.
. -

- ,
board.
90. , .
,
. ,
, ,

, ,
.

,
,

,
.

.
91.
, . ,
().
. ,
,
. , , , , woodman, machine-gun,
aircraft, beatnik .
.

.
89

()
,

:
In it would be a priceless old chestnut-wood wardrobe and a fourposter bed of an excellent period.

.
(bed
- , priceless - ),
(old - , wardrobe - , fourposter - , chestnut-wood - ).

,
.
:
looked surprisingly young to Eric, who had always assumed that
the nation's elders were really old.
,
,
.

, elder
: old (eld) - .
92. ,
, ,

.
,

:
By-and-by, he said: "No sweethearts I b'lieve?" "Sweetmeats did you
say, Mr. Barkis?" (Ch. Dickens)
,
,
90

sweetheart sweetmeat - .

sweetheart sweetmeat.
,
,
.
, , :
- ? - , ?

.
,
.
.
,
:
"Do you know anything about books?" "Yes, sir, I'm a good
bookkeeper." "Holy Moses! Our job is getting rid of them. My firm
are publishers." (J. Galsworthy)
bookkeeper - , .

:
- - ? - , ,
. - , !
, . . (. .
-)
, .
93.

.
.
, , ,
, :
91

. The
Board decided to expel him-
Board ,
.

,
- 4:
says he'll teach you to take the boards and make a raft of
them; but seeing that you know how to do this pretty well already,
the offer...seems a superfluous one on his part. (J.K. Jerome)
, ,
, ,
, .
,
, . to
teach
.
, .
.
But their united sagacity could make nothing of it, and they went to
bed - metaphorically - in the dark. (Ch. Dickens)
, , -
, - . (. . . )
, dark
(metaphorically), ,
,
.
If our cannon balls were all as hot as your head, and we had
enough of them, we should conquer the earth, no doubt. (B. Shaw)
,
, , , ,
. (. . )
hot, hot balls hot head. 92

94. , .
,
, ..
.

:
... said he had come for me, and informed me that he was a
page. "Go 'long," I said, "you ain't more than a paragraph." '(M.
Twain)
( ),
- .
,
-, .
. :
, . -
, ! - .

IV

: (95).
(96). -
(97-98). (99 -106).
(107).
(108 -113). -
(114).

95.


, . ,
,
.
;
, , ;
,
.
.
, , , .
,
.
96. ,
,
: ,
,
,
,
..

( )
.
:
94


.
- , -

.
- -
:
()
() .
97. .

,
, - .

, .

,
, .
,

. , ,
,
-
.
,


.
.
The mountain tops were hidden in a grey waste of sky... (A. Cronin)

. (. . )

,
95

were hidden .
(waste of sky).
Dirmy waited in a corridor which smelled of disinfectant and
looked out on to a back street. A fly, disenchanted by the approach of
winter was crawling dejectedly up the pane. (J. Galsworthy)
, . ,
, ,
. (. . -
. )
(smelled),
(disinfectant), (disenchanted),
(back street), '
,
,
.
But night-time in this dreadful spot! - Night, when the smoke was
changed to fire; when every chimney spurted up its flame; and
places, that had been dark vaults all day, now shone red-hot, with
figures moving to and fro within their blazing jaws and calling to
one another with hoarse cries. (Ch. Dickens)
! , , , . , ,
, ,
. (. .
)

.
(
- ), (changed to fire - , spurted up flame - , figures .), (places
that had been dark vaults all day, .. ,
, ,
).
,

, .
96



.
, , , ,
..

,

.
98. ,
-
, -
. ,
, -, . .
() , ,
,
.
,
. ,
, , , ,
,

,
,
,


.


. ,
- .
, - , - ,
- , .
99. , ,
.
,
, 4 - 156
97

( ),
,
.
, ,

, ..
.
,

. (
- .)
- ,

,
.

, ( )
.
,
, . :
.
100. - ,
, ,
( - 2- 3 .) . , ,
, ,
,
.
.
.. ,
,

. - ,

:
, ,
98

,
, , , ..
101. -
, ,
, -
.
:
, 20-30 .


.
,
,
.
102.
,
.
, ,
.
,
,

.


.
..
,
-
, .. .
:

.
103.
.
99

. , ,
,
,
..
,
, .
.


,
.
,
.
, ,
.

,
, ( )
,
.


, -
20-30 .
,
.
104.
, ,
,
. ,
,
.
,
,
,
,
,
.. 100



( , )
. .


,
.
105.
.
, ,
,
. ( )
.
,
, ( )
.

( ) ,
,
.
, ,
, ,

.

, ,

,
,
,
.
, , .
101

, , , ..

, , .
,

,
.
106. ( ) : .
, .
.

, .
, ,
. .. , , .

- ,
,
, ,
.
107.
,
.


.

.
. ,
- ,
- -102

, . . V.
,
,
, .
,
(. .. .
- ., 1987).

.

,
( ) , .
( , ),

-
. (
)


, .
108.
.
,
, . -
,

,
-

,
,
. , (
), ;

,

.

103

, ,
.
*

, ,

. ,
:
, ,
, ..
109. .
,
.
,
.

( ),

.

()
.
. -,
, ,

.
SPO ( - -)
, , -.
,
. -,
,

.
,
... (
) ,
, : We highly
appreciate our friendship... . , 104

, : Die Freundschaft mil der Sowjetunion...



, .

,
The friendship with
the Soviet Union..., ,
, : ...is of great value to us.
. . , .. , , ( 3 - 4 ) , .
, -
,
,
,
,
.
,
:

,
,
.
111. , ..
.
,
. (
)
.
, , , ,
, .
,

105

() ,
.


.
.
, .
112. , ( ) ,
. -,

. -,
,
, . -,

,

.
-
. ,
, .
.

,
,
, . ,

?
1990 ,
.
( ,
, ),
.
-
, ,
.

.
.
106


, .
, ,
, ..
(The United
Nations - ), ,
, , (to render assistance - ), (the policy pursued by the United
States - ),
(When I met him for the
first time - ) ..

25 - 30%
.
113.
,
. ,
,
, .
,
, .
,

. : 1)
, ; 2)
,
; 3)
; 4)

.
: ,
,
. , ,
:
, ,

,
.. 107

: ,

.
114. (

) ,
, ,
. ,
, . , ,
,
,
. , , ,
.
-

,
,
. ,
,
:
, .

-
-

: -
(115). - (116 -120).
- (121 -129). - - (130 - 135). (136 -141). - - (142
-147). -
(148 -149). (150 -151).

(152 -154).
(155). (156).
-
(157 -158).

115. ,
,
. ,

. -, , , , , . , ,
,

,

. ,

,

.
116. ,
. ,
- - -
109

- , , .
- , , , -
, ,
..
,

.
117. -
(),
( ,
),
. ,
,
.

,
.
.. . , , .
,
,
. , ,
, coercivity, keraumophone, klystron, microsyn ..,
,
- .

, dead, degeneracy, ripple, rope .,
.

,
.
.
, .. ,
,

.
- scalar (), 110


(a quantity that has magnitude but no direction),
,
(magnitude, direction)
vector (a quantity which is described in terms of both magnitude and
direction). -
viewfinder (),
, ,
-
.
.
, ,
, ,

, .
,
, ..
-
. ,
, -.
.

,
, . ,
,

, - ,
,
.
,
,

-
..
118.
.
. ,
electrode
, (diode,
triode, tetrode, pentode, hexode, heptode, etc.),
-iron (additron, carcinotron, cryotron, exitron, ignitron, klystron,
permatron, phantastron, plasmatron, platinotron, skiatron, thyratron, etc.),
-ite, -ate , -/,
-lous - ..
111

, ,
,
,
.
,
.

,

. , impedance,

(), ,
,
: blocked impedance, biasing impedance, vector
impedance, driving-point impedance, feed-point impedance, input
impedance, surface impedance, etc. ,

, , , ,
.. rectifier (),
, ,

(plate-supply rectifier, argon rectifier, silicon rectifier, bridge rectifier,
half-wave rectifier, etc.).
119.

,
- . ,
,

, ,
,
, . , ,
,
,
,
.
,
,
- ,
112

. , ,
the voltage is applied (. ), the magnetic field
is set up (. ), the line is terminated (.
), the switch is closed (cp,
).
.

.
120. , - .
,
.
-

, ,
. -
,
,
. -

-.


:
A large part of industrial America is rushing to get on the nuclear
bandwagon.
Branched chain paraffins will be the fair-haired boys in our future
gasolines.
Calcium cyanamide has been getting a big play in Germany recently.
Buick has stolen a march on the rest of the industry with a castiron V-6 engine.
Cellulose triacetate will give other fibers a run for their money.
,
-
.
,
, .
121. - 113

. ,
- - . - ,
.
, , , , ,
- .
122. - , ,
. , ,


.
, ..
, -
(): The barn is a unit of measure of nuclear cross
sections, A breakdown is an electric discharge through an insulator,
etc.
: The pipe is steel, The surface is copper, These
materials are low-cost, Control is by a foot switch, Wing de-icing is
by ducting exhaust heated air through leading edge duct.
,
(do not)
,
: The stuff is -shrink, The
refrigerants are nontoxic and nonirritating.
, - .
mechanically timed relay - , a
relay which is mechanically timed.
: medium-power silicon rectifiers, mercurywetted contact relay, open-loop output impedance, etc. .
(.: a differential pressure type specific gravity measuring instrument.)
123. ,
114

- ,
. ,
.
,
. to clean after the
welding, to do post-welding cleaning;
, , it occupies a
juxtanuclear position; The contents of the tank are discharged
by a pump Discharge of the contents of the
tank is effected by a pump.
,
, for ease of maintenance and repair.
124. , ,
,
. - -, effect,
assure, perform, obtain, provide, give, involve, entail, imply, result in,
lead to, to be ascribed to, to be attributed to, etc.,
,
.

- . , accurately
with accuracy, very easily - with the greatest ease
the easy way (.: to do something the hard way), etc.

, -
- , .
: clearly, completely, considerably, essentially, fairly, greatly,
significantly, markedly, materially, perfectly, positively, reasonably, etc.
.: The amount of energy that has to be dissipated is clearly
enormous. The energy loss is markedly reduced.
125.
-
: to be
attendant on, to be conducive to, to be destructive of, to be
incidental to, to be responsive to, to be tolerant of, etc. .: This
system is conducive to high volumetric efficiency. This type of mixing is
often incidental to other stages of the industrial process, e.g. size
reduction.
115

126. , -
,
.

, -
, .

-
,
, , )
.



: These filters adapt easily to automatic processing of many
materials. The steel forges well. The unit must test for adequate wiring.
127. -
,
,
, , , .

.
remote crane a liquid rocket,
4 a remote-operated crane a
liquid-fuelled rocket. , A non-destructive testing
college is to open in London this October, ,
(nondestructive) (testing),

. low-pressure producers

.

. -
, ,
(
^ -ible, -able, -ive .): the materials available, excellent
properties never before attainable, all factors important in the
evaluation of, problems difficult with ordinary equipment, etc. 116

: the properties to be expected, the


temperature to be obtained, the product to be cooled, etc.
128.
- , , ,
: General view is that..., First
uranium mine in the region was... .

, , ..: Armstrong
Traps have long-live parts, valve and seat are heat treated crome steel,
lever assembly and bucket arc stainless steel.

: ...in such fields as work study, mechanical engineering, civil
engineering, telecommunication, standardization, higher education, etc.
129. ,
- ,
, -:
(fats, oils, greases, steels, rare
earths, sands, wools, gasolines, etc.), (clippers, jointers, shears, dividers, compasses,
trammels, etc.), of (the oxidizer of liquid oxygen, the fuel of
kerosene),
type, design, pattern, grade: Protective clothing and drychemical-type fire extinguisher should be readily available in the area.
Not only laboratories, but pilot-type manufacturing plants are
included in the center.
- since, therefore, it follows that, so, thus, it
implies, involves, leads to, results in, etc.
-
,
.
130. , , -
.
117


.
-
- , , ,
,
,
.
- ,
. ,
, .
131. ,
- ,
, - . ,
- ,

-
, -, .
state
, : Both the state and Federal authorities
are bent on establishing a police state.
state . state
. Congressman
-
- ( ): Last year
a number of American Senators and Congressmen visited the Soviet
Union. Congressman,
Representative.
- Regulations, Rules,
Constitution, Statutes Charter.
: Youth is
also virtually excluded from Congress, the average age of members of
the Senate being 56 years and of the House 51 years. House The House
of Representatives.

,
118

. idealism
,
,
.
,
ideals -
() ( ), :
The Foreign Secretary's most elaborate and numerous speeches seem
to prove that idealism is his guiding star.
132. -

,
.
() ,
. ,
, Park Lane - , Piccadilly
Circus - , a Columbia Pictures - .
--
.

.
,

.

. . , , : AFL- =
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations,
OOP = Grand Old (Republican) Party, DD = Defense Department,
NAACP = National Association for Advancement of Colored People,
DA = District Attorney;
: JFK =
John F, Kennedy, Rocky = Rockefeller, Ike = Eisenhower, RLS =
Robert Louis Stevenson; : NJ. = New
Jersey, Mo. = Missouri, SF = San Francisco, S.P. = South Pacific, E-W
= East-West, etc.
133. -
. :
Instead of answering the Minister took the line of "you're
119

another", that other West German Ministries and the police had still
more ex-nazis in them than Ms own ministry.
The Tories hope to get away with it by invoking their old familiar
maxim: When in trouble, Wave the Flag.
The much-vaunted the New Frontiers, the Alliance for Progress
and other similar programs have joined the snows of the yesteryear.
Gf. You're another ( ), to invoke an old maxim to
join the snows of the yesteryear.
134. -
.
,
(it is reported, it is claimed,
our correspondent reports from, according to well-informed sources),
(to set the tone,
to throw light, to lay the corner-stone, to give the lie),
: government reshuffle, vested
interests, an unnamed Power, generation gap, a foregone conclusion, etc.
135. -
: (1-3 ),

(Marooned by a gale on a skeleton of a fire-gutted Wyle light-house
in Morecombe Bay, with their dingey swamped, nine workmen last night
decided to risk the two-mile journey back over the sands to
Fleetwood), ,
,

,
(Paris underground and bus transport services were stopped
today by a 24-hour warning strike called by the CGT (French TUC)
with the support of other unions). -
.
136.
, : ban, bid,
claim, crack, crash, cut, dash, hit, move, pact, plea, probe, quit, quiz,
rap, rush, slash .
, .
120

pact , ,
, .. hit
. Red

; bid , , ..: National


Gallery Launches Bid to Buy the Titian -
; Bid to Stop New Police
Powers - ; Sudan
Army Regime's Bid to Crush the Left -
. (. Soviet
Peace Bid - .)
137.
:
Report Raps Lack of Law Reform, Hits GOPers Housing Stand, Dief
Lends JFK a Helping Hand, etc. ,
. .
: A leading Chinese diplomat has been accused of
responsibility for violence against foreign embassies :
China Blames Diplomat for Embassy Rows.
138.
.
: Floods Hit Scotland, William Faulkner Is
Dead, Exports to Russia Are Rising.
,
: Will There Be Another Major Slump Next Year?.

: Hires Teen-Agers as Scabs,
Want No War Hysteria in Toronto Schools, Hits Arrests of Peace
Campaigners, etc.
139.

.
, ,
.
, , : Russia Condemns West
Provocation, Richard Aldington Dies 70, Concorde Lands at Heathrow.
;
,
, 121


. The Past Indefinite Tense
, , ,
, ,
,
: Husband Disappeared Two Years
Ago, Why Rockefeller Couldn't Buy a Landslide Victory?, Wave of
Peace Action Swept the Nation, etc.

: America To Resume Testing, Laundry
Workers To Vote on New Contract, World Unions To Fight Monopoly,
etc.
140.
to be
,
: Paris Protest March Staged by Students, 8-Year-Old Boy
Kidnapped in Miami, All Piers Paralysed on East Coast, etc.
141.
- , . , ,
..
142. ,


,

.
- ,

.
,

.
- -

,
.
143. - ,
, 122

-
.
,
,
- ,
, ,
-
-,
..
,
,
..



, .

,
,
,
: ,
,
,
..
144. , - ,
, .

, .
, -
(.. )
,
: , ,
,
, (7), ...,

,
....
.
123

. : , ,
: ,
, , .
(. .. : , ).

:
,
,
, .
145. -
-.
. , ,
, , -
, :
.

,
.. ,
,
, ..
, -
1 ,
2, .
146. -

, ,
. , ,
,
- :
,
.
147. , -
124

-
, ,
.
,
, , ,
:
,
.
, , .
.
,
(, , , , , , , , , ..),
- ( , ,
..), (
.
, ,
) , .
148.
- . -
-
, .
-
,
, ,
, .
--
,
.
-
(, , , , ,
, , .),
(, , , ,
, , .),
125

( , ,
, , ,
, ,
.).
- ,
- (... ,
, , , ), -
(,
,
,
,
), - (, , ,
, ) .
- (-, , -, -, -),
(-, ,
-,
, -, -
..).
149. - . ,
,
, . (
, .),
-
(, , ).
, , , ( ,
, , , ),
( , ,
), -
( , ,
, , ) ..
150. ,
.


.

,
, , ,
, , 126

, .
-
,
:
,
. , -
,
, ,
50% .
. (
,
).
,
.
-
,

.
:
This condition, however, changes at certain critical energies of the
electrons. At these critical energies the gas atoms do absorb energy,
and a sudden drop in the electron current is simultaneously observed.

, ,
.
The success of Einstein's theory again required thinking of light as
"quantified". The indivisible quantum of light is called the photon, and
it has the energy hv. This success served to give further support to
Planck's quantum hypothesis for black body radiation.

,
hv,

.
Classically, we should expect the stopping voltage to be different
for different intensities. Furthermore we should not expect any simple
direct dependence of the stopping voltage on the frequency of the light
used.
127

, ,
,
.
, - , - ,
.
- -
:
The limitations of the existing theories must be adequately
understood if they are not to be used in places where they are not
valid.

.
, .
151. - .

.
,
- ,
: Floods Hit Scotland -
, Exports to Russia Are Rising -
, A Train Driver Dies after Locos Collide -
.
,
,
: Hires Teen-Agers as Scabs -
, Want No War Hysteria in
Toronto Schools -
.
: 2(f Killed in Air Crash - 20
, Compressors Delivery Ordered by Gov't , British
Railways Hit by National Strike -
.
152.
, . -128

,
.

,
.
,
,
.
, , -
,
, ,
, ,

. ,
, ,
- ,
.
,
, ,
,
.. , ,
:
, , , V0
, V1;
.
It was discovered, however, that X-rays scattered by atoms exhibited
not only the frequency V0 of the incident X-rays but also a new
frequency V: not present in the original X-rays.
,
.
,
.

:
The time between a research idea and its translation into product is
diminishing quite rapidly.


.
5 - 156
129


- -
:
It is thus the trademark of the results of this new theory. (..
)
.

, :
In the last section Schrodinger's equation was introduced. What
does which appears in this equation represent? Because * is
complex in general, no physical significance is given to it.
4% ,
, .
153. ,

:
Its solutions must be capable of requiring under some circumstances
the discreteness of energies.
...
We shall discover in the succeeding sections of this chapter that...
, ...
Let us rewrite Eq. (1-6) as follows.
(1.6) .
Equations (1-8) and (1-5) may be combined as follows: ...
(1.8) (1.5), : ...
154. -
- ,
,

, ,
,

.
-
. -130

, , - ,
.
, , , dramatic, successful,
excellent, etc.,
:
The spectral lines provide one dramatic example of the discreteness in
nature.

.
Having successfully obtained the expression for the experimental
results for black body radiation...
,
...
,
, .
.
, -

.
The success of Planck's bold new theory in explaining black body
radiation...
...
, - , , ,
?
:
These conclusions, however, raised other uncomfortable questions.
, , .

:
Modern technology is growing at a very rapid rate, and new
devices are appearing on the horizon much more frequently.
,
,
.
131

() ,
.. - ,
.
155.
-

. ,
, ..
,
.
,

:
The engine is the source of power that makes the wheels go round
and the car move.

.
The fuel system is designed to store liquid gasoline and to deliver it
to the engine cylinders in the form of vapor mixed with air.


.
a fuel pump, which pulls the gasoline through the fuel line
,
156. , - , ,

. ,
.

: ,
, , ,
.. .
, .


.
,
132

. , . :
Semiconductor theory, junction theory, and circuit theory are
integrated to explain the behavior of existing devices in circuits. No
prior knowledge of modern physics is assumed.
,
.
,
, ,
. ,

.
, , , ..
,
:

, - . .
, ,
, .
,
.
:
In the not too distant future, whole circuits will be fabricated in
single crystals. The engineers who design such devices will need to
know both circuits and devices.
. , ,
, .
157.
- . ,
.
,
, .

133

, - :
In another 'Let's get cracking' Note, the Soviet Union today
proposed next Thursday as the starting date for Ambassadors' talks in
Moscow to prepare a Summit conference.
,
,

.
: Hip and
Square Films - ,
Putting Pep Into the Palace -
.
158. - .
, . :
According to W.H.O. statistics, heart diseases were the No. 1 killer.


.

VI


: (159 -162).
(163 -165).
(166). (167 - 170).
(171). (172 - 173).
(174 - 175).
(176 -178), (179 -181).
(182 187).

159.
, ,
, , , . .
, ,
,
.
, ..
. ,
,
.
160.
.
,
, ,
. (),

, , ,
, , ..
. , , 135

.
161. ,

,
.
,
,
.
,
,
.
, , ,
, , . , ,
.
162.
,
. ,
-

, ,
. ,

( ).

( ),

. ,

. ,
,
. ,
136

,
.
.
163. , , ,
.
:
.
: lady - , speaker - ,
tribalism - , Churchill - , Liverpool -
..

. Heath
, [h] ['],
[i:]- [], [9] -
[].
: table-s - -, back-bencher --, strict-ness - - ..

.
, ,
().
: he came home - ,
I looked at her - , my brother lives in Moscow .

.
:
The Industrial Revolution brought into being the industrial

proletariat and with it the fight for civil and
political

rights, trade-unions and the right to vote.
, - .
, , , .

137

, .
: to take part - , to spill the beans - , to come to the
wrong shop - . ,
,
.
: Keep off the grass -
, There's a good boy! - !, Will you
leave a message?- ?.
, .

.
164. , , ,
. ,
.
,
,
.
.
,
But he'will meet her
: (- ).
--
(Give me some bread - ) (The delegation had been received by the
prime-minister. - .).
165.
, ,
,
. (to
go, to leave, to be, to have, to come - , , ,
138

, ..),
(to fly, to slip away, to stand, to possess, to burst in-, ,
, , ). ,
, ,

, .
to be
, , , .,
to go - , , , .

.
Already the policy of international money-lenders is beginning to
get the inevitable answer from the Latin American peoples.

. (.
answer - .)
My feelings then would have been even stronger had I known
that Karl Stock was to be burnt in the incinerators of Majdanek.
,
, -.
(. feelings - .)
166.
.
() () . - ,
. ,
. .
,
.
167. -
, ( ) .
,
. , ,
139

, , ,
: oxygen
-, capitalism - , House of Commons -
, Roosevelt - , Eugene O'Neil - ',
Cleveland - , doctrinarianism - ,
contrabandist - , dog-collar - ..

(. Senator - , a barrel ).
168. -
,
.

, : attitude
, , ; actual ,
, , .
,
: trade-union & , -;
Labour Party , ; sincerity
, , , ; chamber ^ 1.
, , , ; 2. , , ; 3. , , ..
:
importance = , , ; slander ,
, ; writing & , , ,
; flying s , , ,
.
169.
, , . .
, ,

, .
,
. ,
,
. 140


.
() .
,
.


. ,
, , , ,
.
, ..

(,
).
170.
,
,
. ,


,
. ,
, ,

,

:
was guest of honour at a reception given by Soviet youth for
delegates to the world youth forum, which opened here last Wednesday.
,
.
,
. Given

, a which opened -
:
, (
)
141

, ()
.
, , ,
. ,
. ,
, ,
,
-
.
171.
.

, .
,
.
,
,
. ()
().
, ..
,
.
, ;
- , ..
.
- ,
, (.,
) . , ,
.
- ,
,
. -
,
142

, .
()
, , ,
,
( )
.
172.
,
. - ,
,
,
. ,
, , -
.

,
.
.
: The striking
unions have won concessions despite bitter opposition of the
employers. ,
, . to strike
, , , , ,
, , . union
, , , ,
, . to win - ,
, , , , . concession - , .
bitter - , , , . opposition - , , , . , , employer
-, , .

, ,
,
, - , -
, - , - , ,
- . employer
,
,
: striking unions, win
concessions, bitter opposition.
143

173.
.
1929 .
apparent: The
period of apparent prosperity may be said to have ended in 1928.
: 1. , ; 2. , . apparent prosperity,

.


(1924 -1928 .) ,
apparent
.
174.

,
.
.
attitude: (I) I
don't like your attitude to your work. (2) There is no sign of any
change in the attitudes of the two sides. (3) He stood there in a
threatening attitude. (4) He is known for Ms reactionary attitude.
,
( ), - (
), - () ().
, , . chair ,
. .
: Then I got this
book I was reading and sat down in my chair,

.
: The arms were in sad shape, because everybody
was sitting on them.
.
175.
. abolitionist, 144

,
.
, , , -
, .. .

, ,
-
.

, , -
,
.
176.

.

,
.

,
.

,
.
,
, ,
.

. ,
, , ,
. New Haven

-.
.

I graduated from New Haven in 1915, -
1915 . ,

, .
145

, -
.
,

. (.

1915 ,
.)
177.
.

. :
(1) has a friendly attitude towards all. ,
attitude : ,
, , .
,
:
-.
(2) History has dealt with Hitler; history will deal with all would-be
Hitlers. , to deal
, () :
, , , . ,
,
, . :
, , . ,
.
(3) , , ,

, : which for a stranger is the most visible sign of
a city's vitality. stranger
: , ,
.
stranger
.
,
.
,
, - , ,
,
146

. , , ,
. ,
. .
stranger,

, stranger .

vitality .
: , , , .

vitality.
,
, . ,
. City's vitality
- , ,
, .

: ...
.
178. ,
. to hide
, , .
. : The
mountain tops were hidden in a grey waste of sky. -
.
(waste of sky).
, ,
,
.
179. , ,
,
, . , , .
147

, ,
, ,
, ,

. conservationist,
baby-sitter, backlog, etc.

()
(), (
). ,

. , ,
.
180. ,
, ,
. ,


.
,
.

:
1. - ,
: tribalism - , know-how -, impeachment - .
,
.
, ,

. , ,
London - , Wall Street -, beatnik - , pop-art - -, striptease - ,
General Motors - .
2. - ,

: backbencher - , brain drain - ,
work-to-rule - () , people of good will . 148


. ,
,
,
.
,
.
3. - ,

: drugstore , witchhunter , afternoon
= .
,
,
. -
, drugstore;
,
,
, , , , ,
. Food is awful in
drugstores . Witchhunter , ,
, .

,
. Afternoon, ,
, evening, -
,
- morning session afternoon session, -
.
4. - ,

,

(. . VII).

. ,
exposure,
, , died of exposure,


149

( ): ,
, ..
5.
, :
landslide - , brinkmanship -
, coroner - ,
.

.
, ,

. ,

.
,

, ,
.
181. .
,
,
, ..
,
.
, ,

.


. :
1. , .. .

. 150


, .. , :
Give me the book that you bought yesterday.
, . By
that time he had already left the country.
.
,
- , Past Perfect,
-
.
2.
,
. ,
,
.
, , .

(, -, ,
.),

. "
:
Business disposed of, Mr. Swiveller was inwardly reminded of
its being high dinner-time.
,
, .
3. ,
. , with,
(
):
The old capitalists and bureaucratic managements remained the
directors and managers of the new nationalized industries, with a
few right-wing trade-union officials thrown in for luck.
151


. ,
.
182.
, , .
,
, ,
,
.


.
,
-,
.
: 1)
; 2)
,
; 3)
; 4) ; 5) - .

, ,
,
- , .
(
), (. - )
(
, ,
).

. 1), 3)
4). ."
,
(,
) (
) . 152


, .

,
,
, 1).
-
,

,
( ,
). - , ,
. , ( ),

, , ,
, ,
, , !, ,
, .
183.
.

.
, , ( ). ,
,
- , : The
game is not worth the candles - , The sword of
Damocles - , to play into somebody's hands -
- ..
.


: to get up on the
wrong side of the bed - , to ton back
the clock - ,
153

bird in the hand is worth two in the bush- ,


..

,
.

: was not fit to carry water for
her - , to put the cart
before the horse - , Necessity is the
mother of invention. - - .
,
,
(- ,

).
, ,
. (.. )
: to mind one's P's and Q's -
, to dine with Duke Humphrey - ,
, to grin a Cheshire cat - .

, ,
, ,
.
: to carry coals to
Newcastle - , Rome was not built in a day ( ),
will not set the Thames on fire - . ,
, ,
( ,
, , - ),

.
184.
.
154

-
( will not set the Thames on fire -
) , ,
- -
: Can the leopard change Ms spots? -
? (. :
).




.
185.
.
, .
,


.
,
, .
186. . (
was given the book, The book was given to him, The book was sent
for, etc,) ,
.

( ,
-, - ..).

,

:
The amendment was rejected by the majority of the Security
Council.
.
155

This law is constantly violated.


.
His book is sold here.
.
was followed by the whole detachment.
.

,
(
).

:
Their appeasement policy had strengthened the fascist beast until
finally it leaped upon them.

, , , .

, ,
.
:
When we were in London we went to hear the speakers in Hyde Park.
,
-, (: ,
-.)
, .
()

.
,
, ,
,
.
,

.
,
:
156

The weather being good, we went for a walk.


, , (:
, .)
(
)
. :
. .

, :
This duty done, we refilled our glasses.
, .
:
She walked out, her head held high.
( ) .
187. - ( , ,
),

.
,
. ,
, .
,

,
, ,
.
, ,
,

.

VII


: (188).
(189 - 190). (191 - 199). (200 - 205). (206). (207). (208 - 209). (210).
(211). - (212-215).
(216). (217 - 218).
(219 - 222). (223).
(224). (225).

188.

( ). ,
, :
.
.

,
. , , ,
.
.
,
,
.
189.

.

, . , .
, ..
, . 158

, . ,
.
, ,

.
.
,
,
.
190.
: 1)
( ); 2)
(), .

.
,
- - .
191. (: )
,
, , - , ,
,
. ( ) - ,
.. ,
.
,
,
. , ,
, ,
, , , .

,
.
192. ,
- ,
,
.
(. 2).
,

2. .


, ,
,
.
. ,
.
, -
, ,

, .

,

(
).
-160

:
.
193. , ,
, . ,

.
The table is on the wall
, , , ,
table - -
, .


, , , ,
.
,
, .
, ,
, , -
, , .
194.
. ,

, . ,

.
: 1)
; 2)
; 3)
-
,
,
.
195.
,
6 - 156
161

, .
( )
,
:
The plan is to use a system called "dense pack" which would put
the missiles into a narrow strip 14 miles long and one mile wide.
,
,
14 .
196. (
) , ,
, .
,
,
:
(Wet paint),

, ,
(Fragile) - , .
,
, , .
: Keep off
the grass - , to sit up late - ,
to swallow the bait - .

- ,
. . Stop, I have a gun! - !
: ! .
197. , .
,
,
. 162

, ,
, .
,
. . ,
:
Her aunt must be made to tell them about it.
,
aunt made
. aunt ,
, , a must be made ,
, (... ).
, ,
,
,
.


.
: Cromwell and Bradshaw (not
the guide man, but the King Charles's head man) likewise sojourned
here. (J.K. Jerome)
, , .
,
, -
. ,
guide man
King Charles's head man.
198. ,

,

.
,

. ,
,

.
, ,
163

, .
--

. ,
, ,
,
.
, , ,
, .


, .
,
. ,
, .
199. ,
,
,
.
, ,

.
,
. , .
,
,
.
200. - ,
, ,
.
,

, .
, - 164



.
.
-
(.
3).

3. - .


. - (I) -
: () () , ().
, ( )

( = Bj). , She is a
good dancer
She dances well; The thought worried him

165

: (a) he thought, (b)


he worried, () (he thought)
(he worried).
,
().


.
, ,
. ,
speak, sing, whistle, whisper, hum
()
. , ,
whisper -

() ( whistle hum)
( speak sing).


(, run, walk, jump, hop, etc.) , - (--
): animal mammal, dog poodle ..

. ,

, (
), ( ),
( ),
( ). student
, .


.
201. (II) - , ..

( - }). ,
. -166

. , She is a good singer


,
,
She sings well
: . was humming a merry tune ,
hum, to produce musical tones without words,
.. .
202. (III) - - 4 ()
(Bj 1).
, , ,
.
-
,
Immediate expulsion of flunked students was felt to be inadvisable

, , :
I :
: 1. Students flunked (examinations). 2. Somebody
expels students. 3. The action (2) is immediate. 4. The action (2+3) is
inadvisable. 5. Someone felt something. 6. (1) is the reason for (2).
7. (4) is the object of (5).
: Student - one who attends a school, especially
a higher institution of learning, flunk - to fail at an examination +
colloquial style, etc.

,

, .. :
expel - , immediate - ..
II :
: 1. ( )
. 2. - , 3. (2)
. 4. (2 + 3) . 5. . 6. (1) 167

(2). 7. (4) (5).




: ,
() , , .
III :
,

: 1.

- . 2.
, ,
. 3.
:
, ,
. 4.
. 5. : ,
, . 6.
: ,
. 7. :
.
:
, .
203. - .
,
. , ,
,

( )
, .

,
.
,
-
,

,
,
.

, 168

. . .
(I saw him yesterday - ),
,
.
, ,
.
, , ,
.
,
.
204. ,

,
:
Last year saw a rapid growth of industrial production. -
. (
X = X = X ,
.)
She was preceded by her father. -
. ( = = .)

:
McDermot spoke briefly into the telephone, then waited again.
.
As he stood there he heard a shot fired. -
.
205. , -

,



. Answer the telephone
, to answer
, ,
169

, ,
, , ,
.

.
-
,
, ,
,

,
-
:
"Different brands of courage," Charles said. "Serge and barathea." , - . - , - .
, serge and barathea,
, ,
, , - ,
- , , - .
,
.
,
.
, . , .
206. -
,
.
,

,
. ,
. , , -170

. ,
, , ,
,
.

,
-
.

. ,
, ,
,


.

.
207.
,

.

,
. ,

, -
() .

.
, ,
,
.

. ,

.
,
,
,
.

171

,
: 1) , ,
; 2) ,
,
,
, ..

; 3) ( )
, .
208. ,
, ()
.
,
, , , ,
.
209.

,
,
,

. ,
, . ,
- ,
, , ..
.
,
,
: , - (, , ).
-172

: ( ), , , ( ,
). - ,
( ) .
210. -

.
,
( ).

.

,
: absurdist- (
), kleptocracy - ( ),
skateboarding - ( ).

,
,
. -

, ,
(Dorset
['dasit] , Campbell ['kaerabalj ),

(Bonners Ferry - , boss - ) ,
(Hercules
missile - , deescalation - , Columbia ). , ,

(Charles I - I, William III III, Edinborough -).
211. -
- (

.

173

, .
, superpower
, mass culture , green
revolution .

: first-strike weapon -
, land-based missile - ,
Rapid Deployment Force - .

: transnational - ,
petrodollar - , miniskirt - -.
212. - -

,
,
.
,
( ) .
213. -
.
:
, - :
Dinny waited in a corridor which smelled of disinfectant.
, . was
at the ceremony. .
,
. ,
thing (an entity of any kind) : , , , , ,
..
- -
. meal
,
. -174

, , meal
, , .:
At seven o'clock an excellent meal was served in the dining-room.
.
,
() .
,

, . (. . 138)

.
.
.
,
:
My mother had left her chair in her agitation, and gone behind it
in the corner.
to leave to go

.
, .

:
.
:
My old dear bedroom was changed, and I was to lie a long way
off.
, ,
.

. -
? ,
175

,
. -:
,
.

to say to tell,
,
, , , ,
, , , ..:
"So what?" I said.
- ? - .
told me I should always obey my father.
.
The boss told me to come at once.
.
214. , ,
, .. , . ,
:
visits me practically every week-end.
.

,
, -.
- :
Jane used to drive to market with her mother in their La Salle
convertible.
.
showed us his old beat-up' Navajo blanket.
.

.

,
, a young man of 6 feet 2
176

inches
.


:
Then this girl gets killed, because she's always speeding. -
, . (.
: .)
"Who won the game?" I said. "It's only the half." - ?
- . - . (. :
.)
: foot - , wrist watch -
..
215.
,
.

-
: I don't blame them. - . (
: , ).
He's dead now. - . ( , , .)
always made you say everything twice. -
. ( ,
.)
-
,
:
Manson slung his bag up and climbed into the battered gig behind a
tall, angular black horse. (A. Cronin)
, .
,
behind a horse, -
: . slung his bag up
, behind a horse
angular
, 177

, .
,
, , :
would cheer up somehow, begin to laugh again and draw
skeletons all over his slate, before his eyes were dry.
,
,
.
216. ( ) -
,
.
,

.

: I always remember bis words -
. , ,

.
, , , -, ,

:
One of the greatest events in the period following World War I
and the Russian Revolution, and closely connected with them both
was the growth of the world Communist movement.
,
,
, ,
.
,
,
, ,
.
, ,

.
,
, 178

. - .
, , .
217. - ,

.

,

:
The annual surveys of the Labour Government were not discussed
with the workers at any stage, but only with the employers.
.
.
Both engine crews leaped to safety from a collision between a
parcels train and a freight train near Morris Cowley, Oxfordshire.
.
, .


.

leaped to
safety
(
, ).
A claim for a substantial wage increase and improved conditions for
about 70,000 municipal busmen in the provinces was yesterday referred
to a joint wages committee of the unions and employers which will
meet on January 12.
70.000 ,
,
.
179


,
, . 12- .
, -

.

,
.
218. - ,

.
- :
That was a long time ago. It seemed like fifty years ago.
- , .
The only thing that worried me was our front door. It creaks like
a bastard.
-
.


, ..
-
,
:
But occasionally an indiscretion takes place, such as that of Mr.
Woodrow Wyatt, Labour MP, when Financial Secretary to the War
Office. He boasted of the prowess of British spies in obtaining
information regarding armed forces of the USSR.
. , , ,

, .
219. - ,
.
:
, , , -180

. ,
.

, , , ,
(
). ,
, , ,

, ,

(money - , ink ..)
(struggles - , outskirts ..).

:
We are searching for talent everywhere.
.
The invaders resorted to violence and atrocity to crush the resistance
of the native population.
, .
They left the room with their heads held high.
.
220.
. .
( -)
(. , ,
, .), .
:
is a poor swimmer. - . She is no good as a
letter-writer. - .
I am a very rapid packer. - .
,
181

.
:
It is our hope, that an agreement will be reached by Friday.
, .
, , :
Australian prosperity was followed by a slump.
.
. the British Government - , the American decision - , the Congolese
Embassy - .
, :
The stoppage which is in support of higher pay and shorter
working hours, began on Monday.

.
221.
.
. ,

.

, .
-
,
, , ,
, ,
( ):
Visitors are requested to leave their coats in the cloak-room.
.
(
):
182

The last week saw an intensification of diplomatic activity.


.
( ):
The little town of Clay Cross today witnessed a massive
demonstration.
-
.
( ):
The crash killed 20 people.
20 .
..
222.
,
. (It was so
dark that I could not see her. - .);

(While I was eating my eggs, these two nuns with suitcases came in.
- , .);

(I didn't sleep too long, because I


think it was only around ten o'clock when I woke up. I felt pretty
hungry as soon as I had a cigarette. - ,
, .
, .);

(It was as hot as hell and the windows
were all steamy. - , . Had the
decision been taken in time, this would never have happened. -
,
.).
223. - -
,
, ,


:
183

Nothing changed in my home town.


.
-
, , :
She is not unworthy of your attention.
.

until unless:
The United States did not enter the war until April 1917.
1917 .
Additional expenditures shall not be made unless authorized.

.
,
, :
The railroad unions excluded negroes from their membership.

.
,
, , without:
never came home without bringing something for the kids.
, - .

(
):
Their house had no screen doors.
. (

screen doors.)
The people are not slow in learning the truth.
. ( - .)
1,44

224. - , ,
, ..
.

: conservationist - ,
whistle-stop speech -
.
.
,
:
owners from the midway towns ran a shuttle service for
parents visiting the children injured in the accident.
,
, ,
, .
225. - , , , - , ,
. , ()
, , ,
.
. .
,
:
"Serve him right," said Sir Pitt; "him and his family has been
cheating me on that farm these hundred and fifty years" ... Sir Pitt
might have said, 'he and Ms family to be sure; but rich baronets do
not need to be careful about grammar as poor governesses must be.


- .
.

,
185

()
:

!... , ,
,
, , .


:
All kinds of "Russian experts", specialists in slander of the Soviet
Union before World War II were taken out of cold storage by their
diplomatic masters.

,
.
cold storage . , , , (-singing,
a-going, hit it, 'appen .),
(I was, you was .)
- .
. . : nothing to
you - not so much as them slippers. : those
slippers. them those
. ,
.
: , ,
: .
,
:
You could tell he was very ashamed of his parents and all,
because they said "he don't" and "she don't" and stuff like that.
, ,
.
-
, .

VIII


: (226).
(227 - 229). (230
- 234). (235 - 237).
(238). (239 - 243).
(244).
(245). (246 - 248). (249 - 250).
(251).
(252).
(253).

226.



.

,

, .
,
,
,
.

.

,
.
,
,
.
227. , ,
, - , ,
. ,
,
,
187

. -
,
, .
228. ,
,
,
, .

.

.

( ) . ,


,
,
.
,
:
One of the fundamental aspects of the greatly strengthened United
States imperialism following World War I was its tightening grip upon
the other countries of the Western hemisphere. This was especially
the case in Latin America.

, .
229. . ,

, ,
,
.
,

,
,
. -188

,
.

,
,
.
230.
,
,
.

. ,
, .

,
.
,
. -

.
231.
.
,
,
,
,
.
,

.
,
.
232. - ,
,
. , ,
:


. , 189

, .
It is important to get clear which are the
structural and institutional impediments that prevent Britain from
making the best use of its resources
institutional.
institution,
institutional ,
institution (,
, .). ,
, ,
,
.
,
,
.

(,
,
. ).
, , : Since F.D. Roosevelt was baited and frustrated by the right and adopted by the left, Ms political ego was
enlisted in support of the popular view.
, baited,
frustrated adopted, Ms political ego ,
..

.
, ,

: The level of future supplies depends on the farmers'
decisions taken well in advance and not always on the best
information and advice. , - ,
on. to depend,
,
, ,
,
. on
to take a decision on the best of information,
, -190


,

.
: Many
remedies are suggested for the avoidance of worry and mental
overstrain by the people who have to bear exceptional responsibilities
for a long period of time or to perform duties on a large scale. by the people to
suggest, ,
avoidance.
, ,
, -
, ,
,
.

.
233. , , ,
.

,
,
. , The
Foreign Secretary will make another voyage to Washington,
- ,
.
,
,


.
I'll get the money for you from an
acquaintance ,
,
,

.
had his son educated at Oxford , ,
191

:
.
234. -
-
.

, .

, ,
.

:

, ,
( ),
, ,
.
- ,
, ,
, -, ..
, ,
,
(, , , , ..).

,
five days .

,
, .

,

.
235.
.
,
,
,
.
. 192

,

, , . VI.
,
.
,
,
. ,

:
The United States worked out a formula which later came to be
known as dollar diplomacy.
formula: ,
, ,
.

: 1)
: , . - ; 2)
( - ): , , . :
,
.
236. :
In a few days' time this war criminal will be writing articles demanding that the German Army be praised and not blamed for its
attitude hi the last war.
, -
attitude, .
,
. ,
- , , , ,
:

7 - 156
19

,
, .
237. , . ,


.

:
The Tory leaders, skilful opportunists that they are, immediately
changed the tune and began to pose as great champions of peace.
opportunist
- ,

. opportunism
-
-,

,
,
. :
, ,
.
238.

. ,

,
.
, ,
.
,
: The United States is confronted in world
affairs with an increasing number of nations that are violently ambitious
in their desires to raise their living standards.
,

.
- ,
:
.... -194

- ,
. , ,
. , ,
affairs
?
...?

(? ?). ,
, . , ...
? , ,
...
? violently ambitious in
their desires?
. ,

?
- . - ?

? ?

,


.
239. , ,

.
, . ,
- . ,
,
. , ,
. , , ,
, , ,

, ,
. , 195

, ,
.
-, , , .
.
"Jabberwocky":
Twas brillig, and the slithy toves did gyre and gimble in the
wabe; all mimsy were the borogoves, and the mome raths outgrabe.
. -
, . (. . )
, ,
.
, , ,
.
- .
240. , ,
,

. ,
:

,
(
) ,
.
,
, ,

. ,

, ..
,
.

is a regular ass ,
, regular, ,
.
,
196

regular ,
.
241.
,
.
,
, ,
,
.
.


,
.
-
,
:
The other shoe has been dropped by the company in its push into
the computers market.

.
-

, ,
( ).
, , , :
The weight penalty of the automatic unit to the traditional gear
box must be small.
, ,
.

penalty,
.
()
197


. ,
-.

( )
. :
"Can you herd sheep?" "Do you mean have I heard sheep?" (O.
Henry)
? - ?
herd heard
.

. .
, , ,
, .
,
:
"Dead Dufton," I muttered to myself. "Dirty Dufton, Dreary Dufton,
Despicable Dufton" - then stopped.

.
, :
, - . -
, , ... - . (. .
. )
,
,
.
242. ,
, . , , -198

, ,
.
,

,
, (
), :
"Isn't it nice here," she said. "All Dickensy. And look at that little
waiter there with the funny quiff. He is utterly squoo." (J. Braine)
, ? - . - - . , ,
. --. (.
. . )
,
( )
,
.
,
.
, , ,
, ,
, .
243. , , ,
,
,
(translatese),
. , ,
,
,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
:
The tire bumped on gravel, skeetered across the road, crashed
199

into a barrier and popped me like a cork onto pavement. (Harper


Lee).
, , , -,
(. . . )
, , ,
( , , )
.
244. ,
,
. , .
245.

, -
( , - )
, :
Having corrupt alliance with the employers the AFL leaders
sabotaged all efforts to organize the workers of other industries.
corrupt
. -
- , .
corrupt alliance .
,
, ,
. ,

, .. :
,
.

:
200

Even today, after twenty centuries of Christian Enlightment, half


man's family goes hungry.
.

( ),
, .

;
I put on this hat that I'd bought in New York that morning. It was
this red hunting hat, with one of those very long peaks.
, -.
.

,
, .
246.
. ,
, ,

.

.

,
. -
:
The amendment received 3,622,000 votes, while the Executive
resolution received 4,090,000. Thus the Executive majority was only
468,000 in a vote of nearly eight million.
,
-, .
Executive Committee
resolution, .. ,
, Executive Committee resolution majority, .. , . ,

201

,
.
: wage strike -
, gun licence - , oil countries - - .


, :
The Labour Movement will never forgive those who defy an
overwhelming Labour Party conference decision.
,
,
.
,
. , , .

: The President's energy message ,
The Tory pay laws -
, The Watergate special
prosecutor - ,
.
247. -
:
The new American Secretary of State has proposed a world
conference on food supplies.
has proposed a world conference
to call - .
:

.
202

, ,
.

of:
The culmination of Naval hydrofoil technology, "Tucuncary" is one
of the most advanced surface craft.
,
- ,

.
248. ,
:
No one would think now that Millicent had been the prettier of
the two.
, .
,
Past Perfect.

,
: workers of
all industries - , defences , modern weapons -
..
, :
She never used scent, and she had always thought it rather fast,
but Eau de Cologne was so refreshing.
,
, - , .

,
(. ).

,
:
"The exclusiveness, the pride, the form, the ceremony,"
203

exclaimed the general, emphasizing the articles more vigorously at


every repitition. "The artificial barriers set up between man and man;
the division of the human race into court cards and plain cards of
every denomination - into clubs, diamonds, spades, anything but hearts.
(Ch. Dickens)
, , , ! - ,
, - -
;
- , , , ,
! ! (. . -)
249.
,
. -
.
, ,
, : just and equitable treatment -
, The treaty was pronounced null and void. -
, The proposal was rejected and
repudiated. - , The government
resorted to force and violence. - .

.

:
Judging by all external appearances, this session of our Assembly is
regular and normal. Yet the atmosphere is neither usual nor seasonal,
for this session stands outside the pattern of the sessions held since
the days of San Francisco. The fateful events that are rushing into
the international area are neither of a usual character nor of an
ordinary nature. It is a unique session - happily and fortunately led by
a unique President.

, ..
:
204

, -
. , , , ,
-. , ,
. - , , , .
.
:
Burning or combustion is the process of uniting a fuel or combustible with the oxygen in the air.

combustion combustible, , , burning fuel.
,

:
- ,
.
. :
So I paid my check and all. Then I left the bar and went out
where the telephones were.
.
I left the bar
went out ;
, .
250. .

, , .. ,
:
About a gallon of water was dripping down my neck, getting all
over my collar and tie.
205

, , .

, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
.
251. ,
, ,
.

, ,

.
,
,
. ,
; A new
excitement has been added to the queer race that man has run against
himself throughout ages trying to produce food fast enough to feed
Ms fast-growing family. (P. Lyons)
, ,

,
.

, ,
.
,
,
,
,
, , .
,
.
, , ,
,
. -2U6

,
, -, ,
( ), .
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
.. ...
, .. ... ()
.

. ,
race ,
(has run), -
, ,
., .
,
, ,

.
:
, ,
,
.. ,
.
252.
, ,
.
, . ,
, . : 1) ,
,
: Unless such a policy for peace is fought
for, and won, the post-war gains of the working class will be completely lost; 2)
207

: was fond of, and interested in, music; 3)


: Not only Sondra but Bertine and Jill and Gertrude
were to be attentive to, and considerate of, him.

:

The Atlantic Pact had never been reported to, or sanctioned by,

the Security Council.


.
253.


.
.


, ,
, .
, -
, - .
,
, ,
.

IX

: (254 - 255). (256 -260).
(261 - 263).
(264 -266).
(267 - 268).
(269).
(270 - 271).
(272). , (273).
(274 - 275).
(276).

254. , , , -
(),
, .
,
,
. .
,
- , .

. ,
,
- .
,
, ,
,

() .
255.

.

, ,
-, ,
,
.
209

,

.
,
.
,
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211


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The Prime-Minister spoke a few words from a window in Number


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The British people are still profoundly divided on the issue of
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We blingce beer. Now you play.


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(1) The outstanding reasons for the extension of the state apparatus
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functions of the state on behalf of monopoly capitalism.


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(2) Their leaders even hired high-priced efficiency engineers for the
unions, to organize the general speed-up.

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was, indeed, out of concern for the wellbeing of the eaters the world over that the United Nations Food and
Agricultural Organization (FAO) was born

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.. . - ., 1975.
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.. . - ., 1974.
. . . - ., 1983.
.. . - ., 1987.
.. . - ., 1976.
.. . (- .) - ., 1973.
.. . - ., 1988.
.. . - ., 1979.


.....................................................................................................................
.........
3

.............................................................................................................................
6
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34
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51
III.
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.........
69
IV. ..........................................................................
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VI. ...................................................................
135
VII. ...............................................
158
VIII. ......................................................................................
187
IX. ..................................................................................
209
X. ............................................................. 227
.................................................................................................................... 246
....................................................... 246
.................................................................. 252

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