Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 11
OUR SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD Section 1.4

OUR SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD

Section 1.4

OUR SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD Section 1.4

THE SUN AND PLANETS

The sun is at the center of our solar system and is orbited by 8 planets and 1 dwarf planet

Use the links on our website to fill out the Planets Spread Sheet assignment and answer the planets questions

See your booklet

PLANETS QUESTIONS

7 Wonders of the Solar System

ASTEROIDS AND COMETS

Asteroids are small rocky or metallic bodies travelling in space between Mars and Jupiter. Ceres is the largest asteroid- over 1000 km wide

Comets are objects of dust and ice that travel in space. They have a long, bright tail which glows as they approach the Sun

METEOROIDS, METEORS AND

METEORITES

Intrigueology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SKPjlX_1eio

METEOROIDS, METEORS AND

METEORITES

Meteoroids are small pieces of rocks flying through space without a path or orbit

Meteors are meteoroids that have been pulled into our atmosphere by the Earth’s gravity. These are often referred to as shooting stars as they streak across the night sky.

If a meteor lasts long enough to hit Earth’s Surface it is called a meteorite.

ECLIPSES

A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth, and the moon fully or partially blocks the sun

A lunar eclipse occurs when the moon passes directly behind the earth into its umbra. This can occur only when the Sun, Earth and Moon are aligned exactly, or very closely with the earth in the middle.

LEARN ALBERTA GIZMO ECLIPSE

POSITION IN SPACE

To locate an object in space you must know high it is in the sky and in which direction. There are 2 measurements you can take.

Azimuth

Altitude

must know high it is in the sky and in which direction. There are 2 measurements

ALTITUDE

Altitude gives you the how above the horizon the object is.

The point straight above has an altitude of 90 degrees

The points on the horizon have an altitude of 0 degrees

An Object halfway up in the sky has an altitude of 45 degrees

AZIMUTH

The azimuth determines which compass direction the object can be found in the sky.

0 degrees = North

90 degrees= East

180 degrees = South

270 Degrees = West

TRACKING OBJECTS IN THE SOLAR

SYSTEM

Elliptical paths can help astronomers and scientists to trace and predict where bodies in space are, have been and will be in the future. The understanding of orbits has led to the discovery of many different comets.

NASA tracks asteroids, comets and Meteors that have been discovered by

observations and amateur astronomers.