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Talley 1

Brea Talley
9 November 2015
UWRT 1103

How does one form a first impression? Multiple components are under review when a
person is examining you. From the shoes you wear to the way you part your hair, every minute
detail is put into consideration when trying to conclude character traits. The four major senses of
sound, sight, smell and touch are all windows into a persons personality when forming
impressions. I chose to create Impressions 101 as a visual representation of the research I
conducted. Impressions 101 is a kit full of visual aids created to depict all aspects that are
taken into consideration when giving an impression.
A handshake is the first instance in which people make a first impression. From a single
touch a lot can be determined about a person. Although there is no true definition of a perfect
handshake, multiple experiments have been done to determine what most consider the perfect
handshake to be. In the article, Handshaking, Gender, Personality, and First Impressions
William Chaplin says that the perfect handshake is Stronger, longer lasting, warmer, drier, more
vigorous with a more complete grip and more eye contact will result in a more favorable
impression (5). This means that the more assertive and confident a handshake the more
positively it reflects on a persons overall personality. Furthermore, dominance can be
determined through physical interactions. There is a wide spread belief that an individuals
handshake reveals much about that persons personality (Vanderbilt 3). Through both the factors

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of grip and presentation the severity of a persons dominance can be determined. In relation to
the genders, Handshaking has also historically been more common among men than it is has
been among women or between men and women (Chaplin 2). Men tend to shake hands more
frequently compared to female interactions because handshakes are viewed as a more masculine
gesture. This is how men subtly assert dominance initially in a situation. I chose to place a hand
in my kit because the hand represents a firm handshake. This hand is a reminder to always be
aware of how one presents themselves, especially when it comes to extending a hand for a
Another sense that is utilized when forming an impression is the sense of sound. One
example of this is the sound of someones voice; the window to multiple personality components
.Ones attractiveness can be concluded merely by the sound of their voice. Male vocal
attractiveness correlated most strongly with dominance. Attractiveness whether it be
attractiveness in regards of finding a mate, or relating to trustworthiness can be determined.
While female vocal attractiveness was most associated with valence (McAleer 5). Although
determined by different factors, the attractiveness of both men and women can be determined
through sound of voice. What does your pitch say about your dominance? Lower pitched male
voices across the sound duration are perceived as dominate; conversely, higher pitched male
voices were perceived less dominate (McAleer 6). The higher the pitch of a persons voice the
more feminine and less dominate they will appear and the deeper pitch a persons voice is the
manlier and dominate a person seems. Accuracy versus precision in relation to determining ones
personality. Made without much knowledge of the person in question often termed Zero
acquaintance (McAleer 1). In addition decisions in relation to personality are generally done by
precision meaning the go off what is commonly known concluded for example stereotypes;

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rather than accuracy of close the statement is the truth. McAleer says Voices are saturated with
cues to a persons age, gender and affective state (2). I chose to incorporate a microphone in my
kit because the microphone is the most iconic symbol used to represent voice. Additionally the
microphone was chosen, because it has the capabilities to alter sound, pitch and volume just as
the human vocal cords can do. I chose to create the microphone out of play do shows that voice
can be manipulated easily to fit the circumstances of particular situations. The microphone will
be able to aid the users as a remember to use voice to their advantage.
Sight is the most prominent sense when it comes to making impressions. Laura Naumann
says Judgements that are made on physical appearance are ubiquitous and consequential (1).
Meaning that information is drawn from everywhere and it is very prevalent and they are
essentially inevitable. There are numerous parts that make up ones bodily appearance these
multiple components (e.g. facial expression, posture, and clothing) (Naumann 2). Ones
appearance is not just merely what their face looks like, it encompasses multiple factors that
cover ones overall demeanor. Static versus Dynamic components. Physical appearance it
contains both components related to physical grooming (e.g., style of dress and hair style) and
dynamic aspects related to nonverbal expressive behavior (e.g. posture and facial expressions)
( Riggio 3) . Both verbal and nonverbal aspects of physical appearance are crucial whether it be
dress, hairstyle, posture or facial expressions they are all analyzed considerably when forming
impressions. Differences between spontaneous and standardized conditions. Consistent with our
prediction behavior more traits where judged accurately in a spontaneous situation (Naumann
6). Nine correct compared to five out of ten in a spontaneous situation components of
personality are more correctly determined. In Impressions 101 the visual aid I chose to use
was fake teeth. Representative of smile, ones smile is undoubtedly one of the most analyzed


components of ones physical appearance. The teeth show that if ones smile of subpar the will be
judged accordingly.
The delightful smells of perfumes and colognes have a direct relation to positive moods.
What does society want people to believe about fragrance products? Each year manufactures of
clothing, cosmetics and other grooming aids spend huge sums in an effort to convince costumers
that their products will yield important benefits (Barson 1). Companies have brain washed and
convinced society that artificial products will have benefits and in most cases this is true. Are
material things creating a hazy perception is an idea in question. Barson states that Typically,
people try to enhance their appeal to others appropriate dress, cosmetics, and various forms of
personal grooming (1). People think that they can make themselves more appealing to others by
catering the sense of smell along with sight. Can a person truly smell attractive or unattractive?
Pleasant artificial scents indicate that they can enhance ones attractiveness (Barson 4). If a
person gives off a scent that is favorable compared to a smell that is repulsive that person will be
more desirable and approachable. Included in the kit to symbolize smell is a small vase of
perfume. I chose to use a small vial of perfume rather than a large one because although a great
aid fragrances can easily be over powering, moderation is key.
The purpose of creating this product is for a useful reminder of what employers will be
looking at for job seekers. Throughout this paper the reasoning behind what is analyzed in
interactions is discussed. The breakdown of how information is processed and perceived within
an encounter is explained in detail. Impressions 101 visually demonstrates how each individual
component of a person is viewed. In closing, one should always be aware of how they are
presenting themselves, while one may not be conscious of every aspect of your anatomy is under

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review .Although the process of forming a first impression is mainly done visually, all four of the
senses in unison is how a true impression is made.


Original Citations
"Stereotyping and Impression Formation: How Categorical Thinking Shapes Person
Perception." Kimberly A. Quinn Northwestern University C. Neil Macrae Dartmouth
College Galen V. Bodenhausen Northwestern University (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 4 Oct. 2015.
"Social Psychology. Third Edition by Eliot R. Smith and Diane M. Mackie. N.p., n.d. Web. 06
Oct. 2015.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
"Psychology Today." First Impressions. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
"Can You Change a First Impression?" Envisia's Leadership Development Blog. N.p., 09 Sept.
2011. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Baer, Drake. "Science Says People Decide These 9 Things within Seconds of Meeting
You." Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc, 11 Feb. 2015. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
"Stereotype Examples." YourDictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015
"Mixed Impressions: How We Judge Others on Multiple Levels." Scientific American Global
RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Raes, Bridgette. "Some Scary News about First Impressions." N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
Trudeau, M. "You Had Me At Hello: The Science Behind First Impressions." NPR. NPR, n.d.
Web. 06 Oct. 2015.
"Thin Slices & First Impressions." Psychology Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2015.

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New Citations

Baron, Robert A. ""sweet Smell of Success"? the Impact of Pleasant Artificial Scents on
Evaluations of Job Applicants." Journal of Applied Psychology. 68.4 (1983): 709-713.
Chaplin, WF, JB Phillips, JD Brown, NR Clanton, and JL Stein. "Handshaking, Gender,
Personality, and First Impressions." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 79.1
(2000): 110-7. Print.
Naumann, Laura P. "Personality Judgments Based on Physical Appearance." (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
19 Nov. 2015.
McAleer, P, A Todorov, and P Belin. "How Do You Say 'hello'? Personality Impressions from
Brief Novel Voices." Plos One. 9.3 (2014). Print.