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Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

CHAPTER

Circular Measure

1. (a) 180 = 180


180


= rad.
(b) 90 = 90
=

3. s = rq

1
= 10
4
= 7.854 cm

180

Arc length AB = 7.854 cm

1
rad.
2

(c) 120 = 120


180
2
= rad.
3

(d) 50 = 50
180
5
rad.
=
18

(e) 3030 = 30.5


180
61
rad.
=
360

(f) 4525 = 4525


180
109
=
rad.
432

(g) 120.3 = 120.3


180
401
=
rad.
600
2. (a) 2 rad. = 2

= 360

4. s = rq

= 8 35

= 4.887 cm

180

Arc length PQ = 4.887 cm

5. (a) s = rq
22
1

= r
7
3
22
3

r =

7
22
7
3
=
7
22
= 3

1 2

Therefore, radius = 3 cm

(b) s = rq

2.2 = 3q
2.2

q =
3

= 0.7333 rad.

180

180
1
1
(b) rad. =
4
4


= 45

Therefore, BOC = 0.7333 rad.

6. (a) s = rq

180
(c) 0.35 rad. = 0.35

= 63
180
5
5
(d) rad. =
6
6


= 150

= 10 60

= 10.47 cm

180


Arc length AB = 10.47 cm
(b)
B

C
A
30

10 cm

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

In BOC,
BC
sin 30 =
10
BC = 10 sin 30


= 5 cm


OP : PB = 3 : 1

OB : OP = 4 : 3
4
OB
=

3
OP
4
OB = OP
3
4
= 5
3
20
=
3

AB = 2 5

= 10 cm

Perimeter of segment AB = 10.47 + 10



= 20.47 cm

7.

12 cm
0.25 rad.

In POR,
180
0.25 rad. = 0.25

= 14.32

PR
12
PR = 12 sin 14.32
= 2.968 cm

120
Arc length BC = (r)
180
120

= (12)
180


= 25.13 cm

PQ = 2 2.968
= 5.936 cm

Hence, the perimeter of segment PQ


= 6 + 5.936
= 11.94 cm

(b) Arc length AC = rq

1
8. (a) OB = OD
2
1
= 20
2

= 10 cm

cm

cm

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

The perimeter of sector AOC = 2 12 + 12.57



= 36.57 cm

1 r2q
Area of minor sector AOB =
2
1

= 82 1.2
2


= 38.4 cm2
(b) BOC = ( 1.2) rad.
1

Area of minor sector BOC = r2q
2
1

= 82 ( 1.2)
2


= 62.13 cm2

(b) Arc length CD = rq



= 20 1


= 20 cm

.2

= 12 60
180
= 12.57 cm

1 16
11. (a) Radius =
2


= 8 cm


Arc length AB = rq

= 10 1


= 10 cm

14

Therefore, AOB = 2.13 rad.

10. (a) AOC : BOC = 1 : 2


2

BOC = 180
3
= 120

sin 14.32 =

9. (a)

3
q = 14.2
20
= 2.13 rad.

3 Arc length AB
(b) Arc length PQ =
4
3

= 14.2
4


= 10.65 cm

s = rq
Arc length PQ = 12 0.5

= 6 cm

In AOB, s = rq
20

14.2 = q
3

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

Given area of sector BOC = 120 cm2


1 2


r q = 120
2

1 r2q
12.
Area of the sector =
2
1 2


58 = r (0.57)
2
2
58
2

r =
0.57

ABBBBB

(b) AOB = 30

= rad.
6

Area of segment AB

= Area of sector AOB Area of AOB
1
1
= r2q r2 sin q
2
2
1
2
= r (q sin q)
2

1
= (15.14)2 sin 30
6
2

= 2.705 cm2

14. 30 = 30
180

= rad.
6

The area of segment PQR


= Area of sector POR Area of POR
1
1
= r2q r2 sin q
2
2
1
2
= r (q sin q)
2

1
= (14)2 sin 30
6
2
= 2.313 cm2

180
3
= rad
10
1 2
r
2
1
3
3.142
= 82
2
10
2


= 30.1632 cm

15. Given arc length AB : arc length BC = 1 : 2


1
AOB = 45
2

= 22.5

= 22.5 rad.
180

(b) Area =

30.16 cm2

Area of sector AOB


1
= r2q
2

1
= 102 22.5
2
180
= 19.63 cm2

1. (a)
POQ = 54

ABBBB

720
r =

= 15.14 cm

1 r2q
13.
Area of the sector =
2
1

140 = 202 q
2
2 140


q =
202

= 0.7 rad.

1 2

2 58
r =
0.57
= 14.27 cm

1 r2

= 120
3
2
6 120
r2 =

2. Major angle AOB = 2 0.412

Major arc length AB = 84.31 cm



rq = 84.31

r(2 0.412) = 84.31
84.31

r =
2 0.412

= 14.36 cm

3. (a) Let the radius of circle be r.


1

\ AO = r, CO = r
2

In AOC,
CO

cos AOC =
AO
1r

2

=
r
1

=
2

16. (a) Given AOB : BOC = 1 : 2


2

BOC = 90
3
= 60

= rad.
3

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

1 AOC
(b) AOB =
2
1 1
4
=
2 2
3
1
= rad.
3

AOC = 60

p
= 60
180
60 3.142
=
180


= 1.05 rad.


Minor arc length AB = rq
1

= 10
3
10

=
3


= 10.47 cm

(b) Arc length AB = 1.05



rq = 1.05
r(1.05) = 1.05

r = 1 cm

Area of the shaded region


= Area of sector AOB Area of AOC
1
1
= r2q base height
2
2
AB3
1
1
1
= (1)2(1.05)
2
2
2
2

= 0.308 cm2

(c) Area of the shaded region



= Area of sector BOC Area of BOC
1
1
= r2q r2 sin q
2
2
1
= r2(q sin q)
2
1
1

=
102 sin 60
3
2
1

= 50 sin 60
3

= 9.059 cm2

4. (a) OR = OQ RQ
= 13 1

= 12 cm

In OPR,
OR

cos q =
PO
12
=
13
q = 0.3948 rad.

OQ
=
In POQ, cos
3
OP
4
=
OP
4

OP =

cos
3


= 8 cm

\ AP = AO OP

= 12 8


= 4 cm

O
A

3
OB
6. (a) =
1
OQ
OB
= 3

4

OB = 12 cm

AO = 12 cm

(b) The area of the shaded region



= Area of sector POQ Area of POR
1
1
PR2 = PO2 RO2
= r2q (RO) (PR)
2
2
= 132 122
PR = 5 cm
1
1
= (13)2(0.3948) (12)(5)
2
2

= 3.361 cm2

(b) In POQ,
PQ2 = PO2 OQ2
= 82 42
= 48

PQ = 6.928 cm

1
ABC = q
2
1

Minor angle of AOC = q
2
1

q + q = 2
2
3


q = 2
2
2

q = 2
3
4
= rad.
3

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5. (a)

QB = OB OQ
= 12 4

= 8 cm

Arc length AB = rq

= 12
3
= 4
= 12.57 cm

1 2

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

The perimeter of the shaded region


= 6.928 + 8 + 4 + 12.57
= 31.5 cm

1 PO
7. (a) PR =
2
1

= (12)
2

= 6 cm


Arc length RS =
6 RPS =
RPS =

The perimeter of the shaded region


= 2.618 + 2 5
= 12.62 cm

(c) AOP =
6
5
= rad.
6
5
Arc length AP = 10
6

= 26.18 cm

1 2

4
4
2

radian
3

(b) Area of sector OPQ = 82 cm2


1 2


r q = 82
2
1
122 q = 82
2
164

q =
144
41
= rad.
36

19 4
1. (a) Radius =
2
15
=
2


= 7.5 cm
s
(b) q =
r
4
=
7.5

= 0.5333 rad.

41
Arc length PQ = 12
36
41

= cm
3

2.

The perimeter of the shaded region


= Arc length PQ + PS + Arc length RS + RO + OQ
41
= + 6 + 4 + 6 + 12
3

= 41.67 cm

6.5 cm O

D
C

BOC = 60

= rad.
3

8. (a) COR = ABD

= rad.
6
1
CO = AO
2
1
= (10)
2

= 5 cm

Let D be the midpoint of chord AC, AOD = rad.


3
In AOD,

AD
sin =
3
AO
AD

=
6.5

AD = 6.5 sin
3

= 5.629 cm

1 PO
RO =
2
1
= (10)
2

= 5 cm

Chord AC = 2 5.629

= 11.26 cm

2
Arc length AC = 6.5
3

= 13.61 cm

Therefore, COR is a sector with O as the centre


and radius 5 cm.
1


The area of the shaded region = 52
2
6


= 6.545 cm2

(b) Arc length CR = 5


6


= 2.618 cm

The perimeter of the shaded region


= 11.26 + 13.61
= 24.87 cm

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

6. Given OB = 10 cm
1
\ OA = (10)
2

= 5 cm
Arc length AD
AOD =
OA

= 1 rad.

28
3. Arc length PQ =
11
28
2

r =
7
11
28
7

r =
2
11
98
=
11

1 2

The area of the shaded region


= Area of sector BOC Area of sector AOD
1
1
= 102 1 52 1
2
2
= 37.5 cm2

Circumference of the circle = 2r


22 98

= 2
7
11

= 56 cm

1 21 2

4. Arc length AB : Arc length BC = 1 : 2


2
Arc length BC : Arc length AC = : 1
3

=2:3

7. (a) Arc length RQ = 12 45


180

= 9.425 cm

Hence, arc length AB : arc length BC : arc length AC



=1:2:3
2 2
BOC =
6
2
= rad.
3

The perimeter of sector PQR


= (2 12) + 9.425
= 33.43 cm

(b) The area of sector PQR


1

= 122 cm2
2
4

1 2

r 60
Area of the minor sector
2
180
8. (a) =
Area of the major sector
1 2

r 300
2
180
1

=
5

5. (a) Arc length AB = 3


r = 3
3
3

r = 3



= 9 cm

Therefore, radius = 9 cm

1 2

(b)

9 cm

Let C be the midpoint of AB.


1

BOC = rad.
2 3

= rad.
6
BC


In BOC, sin =
6
9


BC = 9 sin
6


= 4.5 cm

1
DC
Given =
5
AD
1

DC = AD
5
1
= 10
5


= 2 cm

\ Chord AB = 2 4.5

= 9 cm

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The perimeter = 73.30 + (2 14)



= 101.3 cm

9. (a) AD = AB

= 10 cm


Area of minor sector AOB : Area of major sector AOB

=1:5

(b) Major arc length AB = 14 300


180


= 73.30 cm


The volume of the slice of the cake
1

= 122 3
2
4

= 169.6 cm3

1 r2 q
The area of sector BOC =
2
1
2
= 72
2
3

= 51.31 cm2

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

12. (a)

(b) Arc length BD = 10 0.5




= 5 cm

BOC = 2 BAD

= 2 0.5


= 1 rad.

BC = rq
12
= (1)
2

= 6 cm

The perimeter of the shaded region


=6+2+5
= 13 cm

8 cm

8 cm
B

2
(b) cos PRB =
18

1
PRB = cos1
9
= 8337
(c) RPA = (90 8337) + 90

= 9623

1 2

Area of the shaded region


= Area of trapezium ABSRQP
Area of sector APQ Area of sector BRQ
1
1

= (8 + 10)(17.89) 82 9623
2
2
180
1


102 8337
2
180

= 161.01 53.83 72.97

= 34.21 cm2

(b) Arc length BC = rq



= 6 0.5708


= 3.425 cm

Perimeter of sector BOC


= 2 6 + 3.425
= 15.43 cm

13. (a)

11. (a) In sector AOB,


Arc length AB

q =
OB
8
=
12

= 0.6667 rad.
= 3812
Arc length CD
=
(b)
Arc length AB
OD


=
OB
OD


=
12

OD =

R
2 cm
S


In PRS,
PS2 = 182 22
PS = 17.89

Therefore, AB = 17.89 cm

10. (a) Given the perimeter of sector BOC



= Arc length AB
2r + rq = ( q)r

2 + q = q
2q = 2
2
q =
2


= 0.5708

1 2

18 cm
Q

O
5 cm
R

4 cm


In FOR,
52 42
OR = ABBBBB

= 3 cm

2
3

2
3

2
18 cm

PR = PO OR

=53

= 2 cm
(b) In ROF,
4

sin ROF =
5
ROF = 538
EOF = 2 538
= 10616


= 1.855 rad.


y = 18 12
= 6
(c) The area of the shaded region

= Area of sector DOC Area of sector BOA
1
2
1
2
= 182 122
2
3
2
3

= 60 cm2

Arc length EPF = 5(1.855)



= 9.275 cm

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

1 83
(c) Area of EOF =
2


= 12 cm2
1

Area of sector EOF = 52 1.855
2


= 23.19 cm2

BF
sin 20 =
BO
BF
=
7
BF = 7 sin 20


= 2.394 cm

BC = 2 2.394

= 4.788 cm

Area of segment EPFR = 23.19 12



= 11.19 cm2

14. (a)
6 cm

(b) Area of the shaded region



= Area of sector OACB Area of AOC
Area of BOC

1
1
= 72 80 72 sin 40
2
2
180
1
72 sin 40

2

= 2.712 cm2

6 cm B
P
R 6 cm

6 cm Q
4 cm

4 cm
C

6
cos PBC =
10


Major angle of ACB = 360 140

= 220


= 220
180


= 3.84 rad.

3
PBC = cos1
5


= 538


= 0.9273 rad.


1 2

PAC = 0.9273 rad.

7 cm

20 20

O
B

1 (120)
ABC =
2

= 60

AOC = 2 60

= 120


The arc length of minor sector ADC
= rq


= 9 120
180

= 6 cm

1 AOC
(b) DOC =
2
1
= (120)
2

= 60

= rad.
3

7 cm

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

A
120

Perimeter of the shaded region


= Arc length QR + Arc length PQ + Arc length PR
= 4(1.287) + 6(0.9273) + 6(0.9273)
= 16.28 cm

15. (a)

Arc length ADB = (4.788)(3.84)



= 18.39 cm

16. (a)

ACB = 2 0.9273

= 1.287 rad.

Area of the shaded region


= Area of ABC Area of sector QCR
Area of sector PBR Area of sector PAQ
1
1
1
= 12 8 42 1.287 62 0.9273
2
2
2
1


62 0.9273
2

= 4.321 cm2
(b)


(c) Minor angle of ACB = 2 70



= 140

In PBC,

102 62
PC = ABBBBBB

= 8 cm

Therefore, the radius of sector ADBC is 4.788 cm.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

Area of the shaded region


= Area of sector DOC Area of DOC

1
1
= (9)2 (9)2 sin 60
3
2
2

AE
In ABE, tan ABE =
EB
9

4
=
3
3

=
4

1 2

3
81 AB
27
=
2 2
2
27
81AB
3 cm2
=
2
4

1 2

17. (a)

O
6 cm
C

cm

1 2

1 86
(b) Area of AOC =
2


= 24 cm2

1 62 1.855
Area of sector BOC =
2

= 33.39 cm2

Area of the shaded region = 2 24 33.39



= 14.61 cm2

Arc length AC
19. (a) AOC =
AO
1
r
2
=
r
1
= rad.
2

BOD = AOC
1
= rad.
2

(b) Given arc length BD = 2 Arc length AC


1

\ AO = BO
2
1
= (8)
2


= 4 cm
1

Arc length AC = 4
2


= 2 cm

A(0, 6)

)
B(3, 15
4
C(3, 0)

1 2

1 2

The minor arc length BC = 6(1.855)



= 11.13 cm

+ 0.6435
ABC =
2

= 2.214 rad.

(c) The area of the shaded region



= Area of sector ABC Area of ABC
15 2
15 2
1
1

=
2.214 sin (12652)
2
2
4
4
2
15
1

=
(2.214 sin 12652)
2
4

= 9.942 cm2

1 2
1 2

18. (a)

1 2

In AOC,
8
tan AOC =
6
8
AOC = tan1
6
8
BOC = 2 tan1
6
= 10616


= 1.855 rad.

1 2

15
(b) Arc length AC = (2.214)
4


= 8.303 cm

3
ABE = tan1
4
= 3652
= 0.6435 rad.

1 2

y
x + = 1

3
6

Hence, A(0, 6) and C(3, 0).
AE = AO EO
15
= 6
4
9
= units
4
EB
= 3 units

Arc length BD = 2 2

= 4 cm

The perimeter of the diagram


= Arc length AC + Arc length BD + AO + CO
+ DO + BO
=2+4+4+4+8+8
= 30 cm

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

(c)

(c) Area of the shaded region



= Area of ABC Area of sector ADE
180
1

=
52.362 sin 0.2292

2
2
1
52.36 (0.2292)



2
2

= 232.9 cm2

E
B

8 cm
O

In BOE,
1
180
BE
sin =
4
8

1 rad.

1 180

Chord BD = 2 8 sin
4


= 3.958 cm

20. (a) Area of sector ABC = 4 Area of sector ADE


1
1 2
R = Radius, AB

R q = 4 r2q

2
2
r = Radius, AD
2
R


=
4
r2
R 2


r = 4
R

r = 2
R = 2r

Given arc length BC = 12 cm
R.R
q = 12.................. 1

Area of sector ADE = 25


1 2


r q = 25
2
1
R 2


q = 25
2 2
R2
1

q = 25

2 4
2
R
q = 25................ 2

8
12

From 1, q = ............................... 3
R

1 r2 sin q
1. (a) Area of AOB =
2
1

= 42 sin 2
2
180

= 8 sin 2
p

= 7.274 cm2

Substitute 3 into 2,
R2 12
= 25

8 R
25 8
R =
12


= 52.36 cm

1 2

1 r2q
(b) Area of sector ADE =
2
1

= 162 BAO
2
p2
1

= 162
2
2


= 73.06 cm2

Therefore, the length of AB = 52.36 cm

(b) Arc length BC = 12 cm




52.36 q = 12
12

q =
52.36


= 0.2292 rad.

Therefore, BAC = 0.2292 rad.

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Therefore, OB = 8 cm

1 2

(c) Area of sector OCD


2 2
= Area of sector AOB
3
4
= 32
9
128 cm2
=
9

1 2

Given the area of sector AOB = 32 cm2


1 2


r (1) = 32
2

r2 = 64
r = 8
2
CO
2 BO and
(b) Given CO =
=
3
3
BO
2

Arc length CD = Arc length AB
3
2

= OA
3
2

= (8)
3
16


=
cm
3

1 2

Arc length AB
21. (a) = AOB
OA
OA

AOB =
OA

= 1 radian

1 180

BE = 8 sin
4

10

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

1 42 BOC
Area of sector BOC =
2

= 8 (p 2)


= 9.133 cm2

A
9 cm 30
30 9 cm

Area of the shaded region


= Area of sector ADE Area of AOB Area of
sector BOC
= 73.06 7.274 9.133
= 56.65 cm2

60
P
60
9 cm

9 cm

2. Perimeter of sector AOC = Arc length BC



r + r + r(p q) = rq
2r + r(p q) = rq

2 + p q = q
2q = 2 + p
2+p
q =

2

= 2.571 rad.
= 14718

Area of segment AOB


= Area of sector APB Area of APB
p
1
1
= 92 120 92 sin 120
2
2
180
1
120

p
= 81 sin 120
2
180

= 49.76 cm2


Area of the shaded region

= Area of circle AOB 2 Area of segment AOB
= p 92 2 49.76

= 154.98 cm2

1 82 (p q)
Area of sector AOC =
2
2+p

= 32 p
2
p2

= 32
2

= 18.27 cm2

1
1

60
60

(b)



3. (a) Arc length CD = 3OC



Let
OC = r

rq = 3r

q = 3

The perimeter of the shaded region


= The perimeter of a circle
= 2p(9)
= 18 3.142
= 56.56 cm

5. (a)

(b) Arc length CD = 2 Arc length AB



rq = 2(10q)

r = 20

\ OC = 20 cm

Area of the shaded region


= Area of sector OCD Area of sector OAB
1
1
= 202 3 102 3
2
2
3
2
2
= (20 10 )
2

= 450 cm2

D
A

E
C


Since OA = AC = OC,

therefore AOC is an equilateral triangle.

AOC = 60
p rad.
=
3

In AOB,
8

cos 30 =
OA
8
OA =
cos 30


= 9.238 cm

8 cm

4. (a)

30

11

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

Given the area of the sector = 32 cm2


1


r2 1 = 32
2

r2 = 64
r.0

r = 8


= 8 cm

Hence, OA = 8 cm

(b) Arc length AC = rq


p
= 9.238 60
180
= 9.674 cm

(c) Area of the shaded region



= Area of AOC Area of sector DOE
1
1
p
= 9.2382 sin 60 82
2
2
3

= 3.443 cm2

(b) AOB = 1 rad.


= 1 180
p


= 5718

Arc length RS
2
6. (a)
=
3
Arc length PQ
2

Arc length RS = 8
3
16
= cm
3

(c)

8 cm

3 RQ
(b) OQ =
5
3
= 10
5


= 6 cm

1 (5718)
POA =
2

= 2839


Arc length PQ = 8 cm

OQ POQ = 8
6 POQ = 8
8
POQ =
6
8

= 180
p
6
= 7624

In APO,

AP
sin 2839 =
8
AP = 8 sin 2839


= 3.836 cm


\ AB = 2 AP

= 2 3.836


= 7.672 cm

1 r2q
(c) Area of sector POQ =
2
4
1

= (6)2
3
2


= 24 cm2

1 2

8. (a)
A

7. (a)

A
P
O

B
6 cm

rad.
C
Q


Arc length AB = rq
= OA q

A
10 cm

Arc length AB

q =
OA

Since arc length AB = OA,

therefore q = 1 rad.

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

10 cm
rad.



In PAR,
p
AR = 10 sin
6

= 5 cm

12

5 cm

6 cm

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8


In BSQ,
BS = AR

= 5 cm
5

sin q =
6
5
q = sin1
6


= 5627

(b) Arc length BC = 6q



8 = 6q
8

q =
6
4
= rad.
3

1 2

(b) (i)

In PAR,
p =


cos
6
PR =

4
(c) Arc length AD = 3
3


= 4 cm

PR

10
p
10 cos
6
= 8.66 cm



In BSQ,
QS = 6 cos 5627


= 3.316 cm

The perimeter of the shaded region


=4+8+3+3
= 18 cm

y
x
10. (a) + = 1
6
8

\ A(0, 8) and B(6, 0).

AB = PQ PR SQ


= 16 8.66 3.316


= 4.024 cm

0+6 8+0
D = ,
2
2

= (3, 4)

(ii) The area of trapezium ABQCP


1
= 5 (4.024 + 16)
2


= 50.06 cm2

OB = 3 + 3
= 6 cm

(b)

Area of sector APC


1
p
= 102
2
6


= 26.18 cm2

8 units

Area of sector BQC


1
p
= 62 5627
2
180


= 17.73 cm2

cm

D
5 units

xc

rad.

5 units

3 units P

In DOP,

3
sin q =
5
q = 3652

ODB = 2 3652
= 7344

8 cm

D
C

Area of sector OBC


4
=
1
Area of sector OAD
1
(3 + x)2q
2
= 4
1
32 q
2


(3 + x)2 = 36


3 + x = 6

x = 3


In AOB,
AB = 10 units

\ DB = 5 units

Area of the shaded region


= 50.06 26.18 17.73
= 6.15 cm2

9. (a)

6 units

(c) Area of sector ODB


1
p
= 52 7344
2
180

= 16.09 unit2
1

Area of ODB = DP OB
2
1

= 4 6
2


= 12 unit2

x.0

13

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

Area of the shaded region = 16.09 12



= 4.09 unit2

12. (a)

B
C

11. (a) x2 + y2 = 100



When x = 0, y = 10

When y = 0, x = 10

8 cm

\ A(10, 0), B(0, 10), C(10, 0), D(0, 10).

Area of sector OADCB


3
= Area of circle ABCD
4
3

=
p(10)2
4

= 75p unit2
(b)

1.6 rad.

8 cm

8 cm

1.6
AOB =
2
= 0.8 rad.

(b)

y
B
x 2 + y 2 = 100

P
C

In ROD,


In AOB,
AB2 = 102 + 102
200 units
AB = ABBB

ABBB
200

\ AP = units
2

1

Area of semicircle APBO = pr2
2
ABBB
200
1

= p
2
2
50

= p unit2
2
1


Area of AOB =
10 10
2


= 50 unit2

= 8 cos 0.8 180


p
= 5.574 cm

13. (a)

Area of segments BO and OA


50
= p 50 unit2
2

r cm

Area of the shaded region


= Area of sector OADCB Area of segments BO
and OA
50
= 75p p 50
2
50
= 75p p + 50
2
= 50p + 50
= 50(p + 1) unit2

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

T
0.2
rad.

OC = 2 5.574


= 11.15 cm

8 cm

RO
cos 0.8 =
8
RO = 8 cos 0.8

0.8 rad.

8 cm

The length of RS
1
=
2
The length of ST

14

\ SOT = 2 0.2

= 0.4 rad.

10 cm

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

1 17.322 sin 60
(c) Area of OAB =
2


= 129.9 cm2

Area of sector ORST = Area of sector OPQ


1 2
1


r (0.6) = (10)2(0.4)
2
2
100 0.4

r2 =
0.6

r = 8.165 cm

\ OT = 8.165 cm

(b) Arc length ST = 8.165 0.4




= 3.266 cm

\ Area of segment AB
= Area of sector OAB Area of OAB
= 157.1 129.9
= 27.2 cm2

15. (a)

1 8.1652 0.4
(c) Area of sector OST =
2


= 13.333 cm2

Area of shaded region PQTS


= Area of sector OPQ Area of sector OST
= 20 13.333
= 6.667 cm2

10 cm
120

BPO = APO = 120



\ POB = 30, POA = 30

AOB = 60

10 cm

(c) Arc length CD = 40(0.48)




= 19.2 cm

In POC,

16. (a)

OC
sin 60 =
10
OC = 10 sin 60


= 8.66 cm

\ OB = 2 8.66

= 17.32 cm

O
A

p
1 (17.32)2
Area of sector OAB =
2
3

= 157.1 cm2

1 2

6.5 cm

p
(b) Arc length AB = 17.32
3


= 18.14 cm

1 2

Perimeter of sector AOB


= 2x + 2x + (2x)(0.48)
= 4.96x

(b) Area of the shaded region



= Area of sector EOF + Area of sector AOB
1
1
= (10)2(0.48) + (20)2(0.48)
2
2

= 120 cm2

2.48x + 4.96x = 74.4



7.44x = 74.4
74.4

x =
7.44
= 10

60 60

m
xc


Perimeter of sector EOF
= x + x + 0.48x

= 2.48x


10 cm

14. (a)
A

B
cm
2x
0.48 rad.
A

40 40

6.5 cm

Perimeter of sector PAB = 10 + 10 + 18.14



= 38.14 cm

15

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Additional Mathematics SPM Chapter 8

R
70

70

(c) Area of sector PAOC


1
p
= 6.52 80
2
180

= 29.5 cm2

6.5 cm

(d) Area of PAO + Area of POC


1

= 2 6.52 sin 40
2

= 27.16 cm2

40



In APR,
AR

cos 70 =
6.5
AR = 6.5 cos 70


= 2.223 cm

p
Arc length AOC = 6.5 80
180

= 9.076 cm

Perimeter of the shaded region


= 17.07 + 9.076
= 26.15 cm

Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.

Area of segments AO and OC


= 29.5 27.16
= 2.34 cm2

Area of the shaded region


= Area of sector OABC 2.34
1
p 2.34
= 4.4462 220
2
180

= 35.61 cm2

Therefore, the radius of sector OABC is


4.446 cm.

p
(b) Arc length ABC = 4.446 220
180


= 17.07 cm

AO = 2 2.223


= 4.446 cm

16