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Inorganic Chemistry II

Vincent Endico

September 30, 2015

BSChemistry - IV

Pyrite

Pyrite is a mineral also known as iron pyrite and fools gold. The word pyrite comes
from the Greek word, pyr for fire because
sparks flew from it when hit with another
metal or mineral. It is an iron sulfide with the
chemical formula of FeS2. The molecular
weight of this mineral is about 119.98 g/mol.
Composition of FeS2 is about 46.55% of Fe
and 53.45% of S. Pyrite is pale-brass-yellow in
color. It is called fools gold because of its
similarity in color and shape to gold. The hardness of the crystal is about 6-6.5 in the
Mohs Scale. It has a density of about 4.8-5 g/cm3 and it is insoluble in water. Twinning
penetration and contact twinning

Cleavage indistinct on {001}; partings on {011} and {111}

Fracture very uneven, sometimes concoidal

Streak greenish black to brownish black

Luster metallic, glistening

It follows the isometric crystal system or cubic system where the unit cell is in the shape
of a cube. Crystals in this system are referred to three mutually perpendicular axes of equal
lengths. Pyrites are usually cuboid crystals.

Pyrite is usually found associated with sulfides or oxides of quartz veins, sedimentary
rock and metamorphic rock as well as coal beds. It is also found in association with gold and
arsenic.
Pyrite can be formed when an organic matter decomposed in bacterial sulfate reduction.
It produces bisulphide and can be partially oxidized and can react with metal species. The
reaction of reduced sulfur with reactive dissolved iron and minerals results into iron sulfide. The
most common iron sulfide is the pyrite.
Pyrites were used to be a source of ignition in firearms in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Pyrite, in commercial use for production of sulfur dioxide use in paper industry and manufacture
of sulfuric acid. It can also be used to produce jewelries such as rings, earrings, necklaces and
bracelets.

References:

Pyrite Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, < https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrite>,

September 27, 2015


Pyrite, <http://www.webmineral.com/data/Pyrite.shtml#.VgfPbNKqqko>, September 27,

2015
Pyrite mineral information and data, < http://www.mindat.org/min-3314.html>,

September 27, 2015


Discovering Fossils | What is pyrite?, <

http://www.discoveringfossils.co.uk/pyrite_formation_fossils.htm>, September 27, 2015


Pyrite | Mineral, < http://www.britannica.com/science/pyrite>, September 27, 2015
Pyrite, < http://geology.com/minerals/pyrite.shtml>, September 27, 2015