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ESTIMACIN DEL PORCENTAJE DE GRASA CORPORAL PARA HOMBRES MEDIANTE LA SUMA

DE LOS PLIEGUES TORACICO, ABDOMINAL Y DEL MUSLO ANTERIOR

SUMA DE
PLIEGUE
S (mm)
8-10
11-13
14-16
17-19
020-22
23-25
26-28
29-31
32-34
35-37
38-40
41-43
44-46
47-49
50-52
53-55
56-58
59-61
62-64
65-67
68-70
71-73
74-76
77-79
80-82
83-85
86-88
89-91
92-94
95-97
98-100
101-103
104-106
107-109
110-112
113-115
116-118
119-121
122-124
125-127

Menos
de 22

23-27

28-32

1.3
2.2
3.2
4.2
5.1
6.1
7.0
8.0
8.9
9.8
10.7
11.6
12.5
13.4
14.3
15.1
16.0
16.9
17.6
18.5
19.3
20.1
20.9
21.7
22.4
23.2
24.0
24.7
25.4
26.1
26.9
27.5
28.2
28.9
29.6
30.2
30.9
31.5
32.1
32.7

2.8
2.8
3.8
4.7
5.7
6.6
7.6
8.5
9.4
10.4
11.3
12.2
13.1
13.9
14.8
15.7
16.5
17.4
18.2
19.0
19.9
20.7
21.5
22.2
23.0
23.8
24.5
25.3
26.0
26.7
27.4
28.1
28.8
29.5
30.2
30.8
31.5
32.1
32.7
33.3

2.3
3.3
4.3
5.3
6.2
7.2
8.1
9.1
10.0
10.9
11.8
12.7
13.6
14.5
15.4
16.2
17.1
17.9
18.8
19.6
20.4
21.2
22.0
22.8
23.6
24.4
25.1
25.9
26.6
27.3
28.0
28.7
29.4
30.1
30.8
31.4
32.1
32.7
33.3
33.9

GRUPO DE EDAD
33-37
38-42
2.9
3.9
4.8
5.8
6.8
7.7
8.7
9.6
10.5
11.5
12.4
13.3
14.2
15.1
15.9
16.8
17.7
18.5
19.4
20.2
21.0
21.8
22.6
23.4
24.2
25.0
25.7
26.5
27.7
27.9
28.6
29.3
30.0
30.7
31.4
32.0
32.7
33.3
33.9
34.5

3.4
4.4
5.4
6.3
7.3
8.3
9.2
10.2
11.1
12.0
12.9
13.8
14.7
15.6
16.5
17.4
18.2
19.1
19.9
20.8
21.6
22.4
23.2
24.0
24.8
25.5
26.3
27.1
27.8
28.5
29.2
29.9
30.6
31.3
32.0
32.6
33.3
34.5
35.1
35.8

43-47

48-52

53-57

Mas de
57

3.9
4.9
5.9
6.9
7.9
8.8
9.8
10.7
11.6
12.6
13.5
14.4
15.3
16.2
17.1
17.9
18.8
19.7
20.5
21.3
22.2
23.0
23.8
24.6
25.4
26.1
26.9
27.6
28.4
29.1
29.8
30.5
31.2
31.9
32.6
33.2
33.9
34.5
35.1
35.8

4.5
5.5
6.4
7.4
8.4
9.4
10.3
11.3
12.2
13.1
14.1
15.0
15.9
16.8
17.6
18.5
19.4
20.2
21.1
21.9
22.7
23.6
24.4
25.2
25.9
26.7
27.5
28.2
29.0
29.7
30.4
31.1
31.8
32.5
33.2
33.8
34.5
35.1
35.8
36.4

5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
8.9
9.9
10.9
11.8
12.8
13.7
14.6
15.5
16.4
17.3
18.2
19.1
20.0
20.8
21.7
22.5
23.3
24.1
25.0
25.8
26.5
27.3
28.1
28.8
29.6
30.3
31.0
31.7
32.4
33.1
33.8
34.5
35.1
35.7
36.4
37.0

5.5
6.5
7.5
8.5
9.5
10.5
11.4
12.4
13.3
14.3
15.2
16.1
17.0
17.9
18.8
19.7
20.5
21.4
22.2
23.1
23.9
24.7
25.5
26.3
27.1
27.9
28.7
29.4
30.2
30.9
31.6
32.3
33.0
33.7
34.4
35.1
35.7
36.4
37.0
37.5

(TOMADO DE JACKSON, A.S. Y POLLOCK, M.L. PRACTICAL ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION


PHYS SPORTSMED 1985, 13 (5):85.)
63

ESTIMACIN DEL PORCENTAJE DE GRASA CORPORAL PARA HOMBRES MEDIANTE


LA SUMA DE LOS PLIEGUES TRICEPS, TORACICO Y SUBESCAPULAR

SUMA DE
PLIEGUE
S (mm)
8-10
11-13
14-16
17-19
20-22
23-25
26-28
29-31
32-34
35-37
38-40
41-43
44-46
47-49
50-52
53-55
56-58
59-61
62-64
65-67
68-70
71-73
74-76
77-79
80-82
83-85
86-88
89-91
92-94
95-97
98-100
101-103
104-106
107-109
110-112
113-115
116-118

Menos
de 22

23-27

28-32

1.5
3.0
4.5
5.9
7.3
8.6
10.0
11.2
12.5
13.7
14.9
16.0
17.1
18.2
19.2
20.2
21.1
22.0
22.9
23.7
24.5
25.2
25.9
26.6
27.2
27.7
28.2
28.7
29.1
29.5
29.8
30.1
30.4
30.6
30.7
30.8
30.9

2.0
3.5
5.0
6.4
7.8
9.2
10.5
11.8
13.0
14.2
15.4
16.6
17.7
18.7
19.7
20.7
21.7
22.6
23.4
24.3
25.0
25.8
26.5
27.1
27.7
28.3
28.8
29.3
29.7
30.1
30.4
30.7
30.9
31.1
31.3
31.4
31.5

2.5
4.0
5.5
6.9
8.3
9.7
11.0
12.3
13.5
14.8
15.9
17.1
18.2
19.3
20.3
21.3
22.2
23.1
24.0
24.8
25.6
26.3
27.0
27.7
28.3
28.8
29.4
29.8
30.3
30.6
31.0
31.3
31.5
31.7
31.9
32.0
32.0

GRUPO DE EDAD
33-37
38-42
3.1
4.5
6.0
7.4
8.8
10.2
11.5
12.8
14.1
15.3
16.5
17.6
18.7
19.8
20.8
21.8
22.8
23.7
24.5
25.4
26.2
26.9
27.6
28.2
28.9
29.4
29.9
30.4
30.8
31.2
31.6
31.8
32.1
32.3
32.4
32.5
32.6

3.6
5.1
6.5
8.0
9.4
10.7
12.1
13.4
14.6
15.8
17.0
18.2
19.3
20.4
21.4
22.4
23.3
24.2
25.1
25.9
26.7
27.2
28.2
28.8
29.4
30.0
30.5
31.0
31.4
31.8
32.1
32.4
32.7
32.9
33.0
33.1
33.2

43-47

48-52

53-57

Mas de
57

4.1
5.6
7.0
8.5
9.9
11.2
12.6
13.9
15.1
16.4
17.6
18.7
19.8
20.9
21.9
22.9
23.9
24.8
25.7
26.5
27.3
28.0
28.7
29.4
30.0
30.5
31.1
31.5
32.0
32.4
32.7
33.0
33.2
33.4
33.6
33.7
33.8

4.6
6.1
7.6
9.0
10.4
11.8
13.1
14.4
15.7
16.9
18.1
19.3
20.4
21.4
22.5
23.5
24.4
25.3
26.2
27.1
27.8
28.6
29.3
29.9
30.6
31.1
31.6
32.1
32.6
32.9
33.3
33.6
33.8
34.0
34.2
34.3
34.3

5.1
6.6
8.1
9.5
10.9
12.3
13.65
14.9
16.2
17.4
18.6
19.8
20.9
22.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
25.9
26.8
27.6
28.4
29.1
29.9
30.5
31.1
31.7
32.2
32.7
33.1
33.5
33.9
34.1
34.4
34.6
34.7
34.9
34.9

5.6
7.1
8.6
10.0
11.4
12.8
14.2
15.5
16.7
18.0
19.2
20.3
21.5
22.5
23.6
24.6
25.5
26.5
27.3
28.2
29.0
29.7
30.4
31.1
31.7
32.3
32.8
33.3
33.7
34.1
34.4
34.7
35.0
35.2
35.3
35.4
35.5

(TOMADO DE JACKSON, A.S. Y POLLOCK, M.L. PRACTICAL ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION


PHYS SPORTSMED 1985, 13 (5):85.)

ESTIMACIN DEL PORCENTAJE DE GRASA CORPORAL PARA MUJERES MEDIANTE LA


SUMA DE LOS PLIEGUES TRICEPS, SUPRAILIACO Y ABDOMEN.

SUMA DE
PLIEGUE
S (mm)
8-12
13-17
18-22
23-27
28-32
33-37
38-42
43-47
48-52
53-57
58-62
63-67
68-72
73-77
78-82
83-87
88-92
93-97
98-102
103-107
108-112
113-117
118-122
123-127
128-132
133-137
138-142
143-147
148-152
153-157
158-162
163-167
168-172
173-177
178-182

Menos
de 22

23-27

28-32

8.8
10.8
12.6
14.5
16.2
17.9
19.6
21.2
22.8
24.2
25.7
27.1
28.4
29.6
30.9
32.0
33.1
34.1
35.1
36.1
36.9
37.8
38.5
39.2
39.9
40.5
41.0
41.5
41.9
42.3
42.6
42.9
43.1
43.2
43.3

9.0
10.9
12.8
14.0
16.4
18.1
19.8
21.4
22.9
24.4
25.9
27.2
28.6
29.8
31.0
32.2
33.3
34.3
35.3
36.2
37.1
37.9
38.7
39.4
40.1
40.7
41.2
41.7
42.1
42.5
42.8
43.0
43.2
43.4
43.5

9.2
11.1
13.0
14.8
16.6
18.3
20.0
21.6
23.1
24.6
26.0
27.4
28.7
30.0
31.2
32.4
33.5
34.5
35.5
36.4
37.3
38.1
38.9
39.6
40.2
40.8
41.4
41.9
42.3
42.6
43.0
43.2
43.4
43.6
43.7

GRUPO DE EDAD
33-37
38-42
9.4
11.3
13.2
15.0
16.8
18.5
20.2
21.8
23.3
24.8
26.2
27.6
28.9
30.2
31.4
32.6
33.7
34.7
35.7
36.6
37.5
38.3
39.1
39.8
40.4
41.0
41.6
42.0
42.4
42.8
43.1
43.4
43.6
43.8
43.8

9.5
11.5
13.4
15.2
17.0
18.7
20.3
21.9
23.5
25.0
26.4
27.8
29.1
30.4
31.6
32.7
33.8
34.9
35.9
36.8
37.7
39.2
39.4
40.0
40.6
41.2
41.7
42.2
42.6
43.0
43.3
43.6
43.8
43.9
44.0

43-47

48-52

53-57

Mas de
57

9.7
11.7
13.5
15.4
17.1
18.9
20.5
22.1
23.7
25.2
26.6
28.0
29.3
30.6
31.8
32.9
34.0
35.1
36.0
37.0
37.9
39.4
39.6
40.1
40.8
41.4
41.9
42.4
42.8
43.2
43.5
43.8
44.0
44.1
44.2

9.9
11.8
13.7
15.6
17.3
19.0
20.7
22.3
23.8
25.3
26.8
28.2
29.5
30.7
31.9
33.1
34.2
35.2
36.2
37.2
38.0
39.6
39.8
40.3
41.0
41.6
42.1
42.6
43.0
43.4
43.7
44.0
44.2
44.3
44.4

10.1
12.0
13.9
15.7
17.5
19.2
20.9
22.5
24.0
25.5
27.0
28.3
29.7
30.9
32.1
33.3
34.4
35.4
36.4
37.3
38.2
39.8
40.0
40.5
41.2
41.7
42.3
42.8
43.2
43.6
43.9
44.1
44.3
44.5
44.6

10.3
12.2
14.1
15.9
17.7
19.4
21.1
22.7
24.2
25.7
27.1
28.5
29.8
31.1
32.3
33.5
34.6
35.6
36.6
37.5
38.4
39.2
40.0
40.7
41.3
41.9
42.5
43.0
43.4
43.7
44.1
44.3
44.5
44.7
44.8

(TOMADO DE JACKSON, A.S. Y POLLOCK, M.L. PRACTICAL ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION


PHYS SPORTSMED 1985, 13 (5):85.)

ESTIMACIN DEL PORCENTAJE DE GRASA CORPORAL PARA MUJERES MEDIANTE LA


SUMA DE LOS PLIEGUES TRICEPS, SUPRAILIACO Y MUSLO ANTERIOR.

SUMA DE
PLIEGUE
S (mm)
23-25
26-28
29-31
32-34
35-37
38-40
41-43
44-46
47-49
50-52
53-55
56-58
59-61
62-64
65-67
68-70
71-73
74-76
77-79
80-82
83-85
86-88
89-91
92-94
95-97
98-100
101-103
104-106
107-109
110-112
113-115
116-118
119-121
122-124
125-127
128-130

Menos
de 22

23-27

28-32

9.7
11.0
12.3
13.6
14.8
16.0
17.2
18.3
19.5
20.6
21.7
22.7
23.7
24.7
25.7
26.6
27.5
28.4
29.3
30.1
30.9
31.7
32.5
33.2
33.9
34.6
35.3
35.8
36.4
37.0
37.5
38.0
38.5
39.0
39.4
39.8

9.9
11.2
12.5
13.8
15.0
16.3
17.4
18.6
19.7
20.8
21.9
23.0
24.0
25.0
25.9
26.9
27.8
28.7
29.5
30.4
31.2
32.0
32.7
33.4
34.1
34.8
35.4
36.1
36.7
37.2
37.8
38.3
38.7
39.2
39.6
40.0

10.2
11.5
12.8
14.0
15.3
16.5
17.8
18.7
20.0
21.1
22.1
23.2
24.2
25.2
26.2
27.1
28.0
28.9
29.8
30.6
31.4
32.2
33.0
33.7
34.4
35.1
35.7
36.3
36.9
37.5
38.0
38.5
39.0
39.4
39.9
40.3

GRUPO DE EDAD
33-37
38-42
10.4
11.7
13.0
14.3
15.5
16.7
17.9
19.1
20.2
21.3
22.4
23.4
24.5
25.5
26.4
27.4
28.3
29.2
30.0
30.9
31.7
32.5
33.2
33.9
34.6
35.3
35.9
36.6
37.1
37.7
38.2
38.8
39.2
39.7
40.1
40.5

10.7
12.0
13.3
14.5
15.8
17.0
18.2
19.3
20.5
21.6
22.6
23.7
24.7
25.7
26.7
27.6
28.5
29.4
30.3
31.1
31.9
32.7
33.5
34.2
34.9
35.5
36.2
36.8
37.4
38.0
38.5
39.0
39.5
39.9
40.4
40.5

43-47

48-52

53-57

Mas de
57

10.9
12.3
13.5
14.8
16.0
17.2
18.4
19.6
20.7
21.8
22.9
23.9
25.0
26.0
26.9
27.9
28.8
29.7
30.5
31.4
32.2
32.9
33.7
34.4
35.1
35.8
36.4
37.1
37.6
38.2
38.7
39.3
39.7
40.2
40.6
41.0

11.2
12.5
13.8
15.0
16.3
17.5
18.7
19.8
21.0
22.1
23.1
24.2
25.5
26.7
27.2
28.1
29.0
29.9
30.8
31.6
32.4
33.2
33.9
34.7
35.4
36.0
36.7
37.3
37.9
38.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.4
40.9
41.3

11.4
12.7
14.0
15.3
16.5
17.7
18.9
20.1
21.2
22.3
23.4
24.4
25.5
26.4
27.4
28.4
29.3
30.2
31.0
31.9
32.7
33.4
34.2
34.9
35.6
36.3
36.9
37.5
38.1
38.7
39.2
39.7
40.2
40.7
41.1
41.5

11.7
13.0
14.3
15.5
16.8
18.0
19.2
20.3
21.5
22.6
23.6
24.7
25.7
26.7
27.7
28.6
29.5
30.4
31.3
32.1
32.9
33.7
34.4
35.2
35.9
36.5
37.2
37.8
38.4
38.9
39.5
40.0
40.5
40.9
41.4
41.8

(TOMADO DE JACKSON, A.S. Y POLLOCK, M.L. PRACTICAL ASSESSMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION


PHYS SPORTSMED 1985, 13 (5):85.)

MASA GRASA-MASA MUSCULAR


Con la suma de los pliegues Tricipital, Bicipital, Subescapular y Suprailiaco se puede calcular el porcentaje de
masa grasa empleando la tabla VI y las siguientes formulas:
Masa Grasa (Kg.) = Peso (Kg.) x % Masa grasa
Masa Magra (Kg.) = Peso (Kg.)_ Masa grasa
Tabla VI
Porcentajes de masa grasa en adultos (Durnin J.V.G.A. y Womersley J. Body fat assessed from total body
density and its estimation from Skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women from 16 to 72
years. Brit. J. Nutr. 32:77-97,1974)
Hombres (Edad aos)
Pliegues(mm
17-29
30-39
)

40-49

>49

Mujeres (Edad aos)


16-29
30-39
40-49

15
4,8
10,5
20
8,1
12,2
12,2
12,6
14,1
25
10,5
14,2
15,0
15,6
18,8
30
12,9
16,2
17,7
18,6
19,5
35
14,7
17,7
19,6
20,8
21,5
40
16,4
19,2
21,4
22,9
23,4
45
17,7
20,4
23,0
24,7
25,0
50
19,0
21,5
24,6
26,5
26,5
55
20,1
22,5
25,9
27,9
27,8
60
21,2
23,5
27,1
29,2
29,1
65
22,2
24,3
28,2
30,4
30,2
70
23,1
25,1
29,3
31,6
31,2
75
24,0
25,9
30,3
32,7
33,2
80
24,8
26,6
31,2
33,8
33,1
85
25,5
27,2
32,1
34,8
34,0
90
26,2
27,8
33,0
35,8
34,8
95
26,9
28,4
33,7
36,6
35,6
100
27,6
29,0
34,4
37,4
36,4
105
28,2
29,6
35,1
38,2
37,1
110
28,8
30,1
35,8
39,0
37,8
115
29,4
30,6
36,4
39,7
38,4
120
30,0
31,1
37,0
40,4
39,0
125
30,5
31,5
37,6
41,1
39,6
130
31,0
31,9
38,2
41,8
40,2
135
31,5
32,3
38,7
42,4
40,8
140
32,0
32,7
39,2
43,0
41,3
145
32,5
33,1
38,7
43,6
41,8
150
32,9
33,5
40,2
44,1
42,3
155
33,3
33,9
40,7
44,6
42,8
160
33,7
34,3
41,2
45,1
43,3
165
34,1
34,6
41,6
45,6
43,7
170
34,5
34,8
42,0
46,1
44,1
175
34,9
180
35,3
185
35,6
190
35,9
195
200
205
210
MORA. SOPORTE NUTRICIONAL ESPECIAL. ED. PANAMERICAN

17,0
19,4
21,8
23,5
25,5
26,9
28,2
29,4
30,6
31,6
32,5
33,4
34,3
35,1
35,8
36,5
37,2
37,9
38,6
39,1
39,6
40,1
40,6
41,1
41,6
42,1
42,6
43,1
45,6
44,0
44,4
44,8
45,2
45,6
45,9
46,2
46,5
-

19,8
22,2
24,5
26,4
28,2
26,9
31,0
32,1
33,2
34,1
35,0
35,9
36,7
37,5
38,3
39,0
39,7
40,4
41,0
41,5
42,0
42,5
43,0
43,5
44,0
44,5
45,0
45,4
45,8
46,2
46,6
47,0
47,4
47,8
48,2
48,5
48,8
49,1
49,4

>49
21,4
24,0
26,6
28,5
30,3
31,9
33,4
34,6
35,7
36,7
37,7
38,7
39,6
40,4
41,2
41,9
42,6
43,3
43,9
44,5
45,1
45,7
46,2
46,7
47,2
47,7
48,2
48,7
49,2
49,6
50,0
50,4
50,8
51,2
51,6
52,0
52,4
52,7
53,0

RANGOS NORMALES DE MASA GRASA

Hombres
<24 aos
25-27 aos
28-29 aos
30-32 aos
33-39 aos
>40 aos

%MG
15
17
18
19
20
21

Mujeres
<20 aos
20-22 aos
23-25 aos
25-29 aos
30-40 aos
>40 aos

%MG
20
21
22
23
24
25

De acuerdo a los estudios de Durnin y Col. (1985) los niveles normales de grasa.

ANALIZADOR DE LA COMPOSICION CORPORAL POR BIOIMPEDANCIA


(TANITA)
MUJERES

Clasificacin
Falta grasa
Saludable
Exceso de grasa
Obeso

20-39
0-21
21-33
33-39
>39%

40-59
0-23
23-24
34-40
>40%

60-79
0-24
24-36
36-42
>42%

40-59
0-11
11-22
22-28

60-79
0-13
13-25
25-30

Hombres

Clasificacin
Falta grasa
Saludable
Exceso de grasa

20-39
0-8
8-20
20-25

Obeso

>25%

>28%

>30%